Inception Report

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					                                            Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain




                      Implementing Report
                           July 2007



TABLE OF CONTENTS

  Abbreviations
  Summary
  1. Background
  2. Recent Achievements and Initiatives
  3. SNC Operational Framework
        1. National Circumstances and Cross-Cutting WG
        2. GHG Inventory WG
        3. Mitigation WG
        4. Vulnerability & Adaptation WG
  4. SNC Workplan
  5. Workshops, Training and Capacity Building
  6. Budget
  7. Appendixes




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ABBREVIATIONS
CDM         Clean Development Mechanism
COP         Conference of the Parties
DINAS       Dynamic and Interactive Assessment
EFs         Emission Factors
ET          Emission Trading
FYWP        First Year Work Plan
GDEWP       General Directorate for Environment and Wildlife Protection
GEF         Global Environmental Facility
GHG         Greenhouse Gases
GIS         Geographical Information System
INC         Initial National Communication
IPCC        Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IR          Implementing Report
JI          Joint Implementation
MAP         Monitoring and Assessment Plan
NCCSC       National Climate Change Steering Committee
NCSA        National Capacity Self Assessment
NES         National Environmental Strategy
NGO         Non-governmental Organizations
NST         National Study Team
PC          Project Co-coordinator
PCPMREW     Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife
PF          Project Facilitator
PM          Project Manager
PWP         Project Work Plan
QA/QC       Quality Assurance and Quality Control
QPR         Quarterly Progress Reports
RS          Remote Sensing
SLR         Sea Level Rise
SNC         Second National Communication
TL          Team Leader
TOR         Terms of Reference
TR          Terminal Report
UN          United Nations
UNEP        United Nations Environment Program
UNEP-ROWA   United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for West Asia
UNFCCC      United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
WG          Working Group




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SUMMARY
1.   The Kingdom of Bahrain signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
     Change (UNFCCC) on 8th June 1992 and ratified it on 28th December 1994. In fulfillment
     of its obligations toward UNFCCC, Bahrain submitted in 2005 its Initial National
     Communication (INC). In October 2006, Bahrain submitted to the United Nations
     Environmental Program (UNEP) a project proposal aiming to prepare its Second National
     Communication (SNC). An agreement was signed on 31Jan.2007, between Bahrain and
     UNEP allowing UNEP to allocate the financial resources and to provide the technical
     support necessary for the project execution.

2.   The present Implementing Report (IR) aims to facilitate effective implementation of the
     SNC project through adapting and elaborating the project context and plan taking into
     consideration the latest relevant achievements and activities.

3.   Some progress in implementing the SNC project was achieved and changes were
     recorded in several key recent environmental initiatives which may benefit the SNC
     project and can be summarized as follows:
     a.   An inventory of local qualified professionals who can effectively contribute to the
          project were developed;
     b.   A national Climate Change Joint Committee (CCJC) was established on 15th April
          2007 and commissioned to frame and steer the climate change policy in Bahrain;
     c.   Several workshops pertaining to Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) were
          organized and GDEWP was nominated as the Designated National Authority
          (DNA);
     d.   The draft National Environmental Strategy (NES) was officially approved on 8th
          October 2006, but no National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) has been yet
          prepared;
     e.   Expected to address key climate change challenges facing Bahrain, a project
          dedicated to the preparation of the Bahrain Environment Outlook (BEO) was
          launched in June 2007; and
     f.   A National Environmental Information Unit (NEIU) was established in January
          2007. The intended climate change central database is proposed to be established
          within NEIU.

4.   Two options were developed for the project operational framework. In Option No. 1, the
     working groups will co-ordinate directly with the project administrative teams. In Option
     No. 2, two academic institutions will be sub-contracted to aid in the technical execution
     of the project; namely the University of Bahrain (UOB) and the Arabian Gulf University
     (AGU).

5.   Dedicated work plan for each individual key working group, elaborating project activities
     and corresponding timeframe, were outlined. Additionally, a plan was proposed to
     strengthen relevant national capacities of the working groups during the project
     implementation cycle.




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1. BACKGROUND
6.   The Kingdom of Bahrain signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
     Change (UNFCCC) on 8th June 1992. On 28th December 1994, Bahrain ratified UNFCC
     which entered into force on 28 March 1995 declaring Bahrain as a Party to the
     convention. In fulfillment of its obligations toward UNFCCC, Bahrain submitted in 2005
     its Initial National Communication (INC). The results of INC revealed that per capita
     GHG emission in Bahrain is amongst the highest in the world. Additionally, various
     climate change scenarios apparently illustrated considerably high vulnerability of low
     lying coastal areas in Bahrain to climate change-induced Sea Level Rise (SLR). These
     findings, among others, have stressed the need of Kingdom of Bahrain to develop its
     national capacities to better response to the likely implications of climate change.

7.   In light of the outcomes of INC, Bahrain prepared in October 2006 a project proposal
     aiming to formulate and to submit its Second National Communication (SNC) to
     UNFCCC in fulfillment of the provisions of Articles 4.1 and 12.1 of the convention.

8.   The proposal was prepared under the auspices of the national focal point for UNFCCC,
     the General Directorate of Environment and Wildlife Protection (GDEWP), in close and
     continuous co-ordination with the United Nations Environmental Program, Regional
     Office for West Asia (UNEP-ROWA). The GEF implementing agency for the SNC
     project, UNEP provided valuable administrative and technical guidance as well as
     financial assistance during the preparation course of the project proposal.

9.   The SNC project document was officially endorsed following an agreement between
     GDEWP and UNEP signed on ,31Jan.2007.

10. The present Implementing Report (IR) was launched by GDEWP on 17th May 2007 in
    attempt to facilitate effective implementation of the SNC project through adapting and
    elaborating the project context and plan outlined in the manuscript “Bahrain:
    Preparation of the Second National Communication under the United Nations
    Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)” in view of the latest relevant
    achievements and activities.

11. Of particular reference, IR is intended to develop a detailed component implementation
    plan for the following sections:
      a.   the GHG Inventory marked in the SNC project document by paragraph 30 through
           42;
      b.   the Climate Change Mitigation Measures marked in the SNC project document by
           paragraph 56 through 66;
      c.   the Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment to Climate Change marked in the
           SNC project document by paragraph 42 through 55; and
      d.   the National Circumstances marked in the SNC project document by paragraph 28
           through 29;
12. For each key project component, IR shall elaborately address the following tasks:
      a.   elaborating on each proposed activity/task along with their accompanying
           methodologies, processes and expected outputs;




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      b.        suggesting project inputs needed to accomplish project tasks and activities by
                specifying, inter alias, the required time, human resources, equipment and
                consultative processes;
      c.        reviewing and, if necessary, elaborating the TORs for the relevant working groups
                with special focus on timeframe, process, expected outputs as well as technical
                requirements in terms of expert inputs and research material;
      d.        suggesting the titles and CVs of qualified national experts willing to contribute to
                the SNC project;
      e.        proposing external partners (regional and/or international consultants or
                institutions) to aid the executing body in effectively implementing the project;
      f.        suggesting an overall capacity building strategy and training activities to coincide
                with the work of the groups; and
      g.        proposing a three years operational work plan amended taking into consideration
                the latest relevant achievements and recent activities pertaining to climate change.


2. RECENT ACHIEVMENTS AND INITIATIVES
2.1 Experts Inventory
13.   Following the official approval of the SNC project proposal, GDEWP conducted a
      survey and developed an inventory listing all local professionals, with adequate
      knowledge and expertise in climate change and environmental issues, who can
      effectively contribute to the execution of the project. A key recommendation of the
      SNC, maximizing the contribution of local experts in all aspects and throughout the
      project cycle promotes the sustainability of the acquired national capabilities.
14.   The recruited local professionals hold a diverse range of scientific and technical
      qualifications relevant to the subject areas of the SNC. The selected national experts
      were approached and notified about the objectives and plan of the SNC project.
      Involving the local experts in the early phases of the SNC is intended to ensure the
      ownership of the project. Around 30 local professionals expressed their willingness to
      join the project team. The titles along with the specialization of some potential
      candidates are presented in Annex-1.


2.2 Climate Change Joint Committee
15.   A national Climate Change Joint Committee (CCJC) was established through the
      Cabinet of Ministers’ Edict No. 05-1926 released during the session held on 15th April
      2007. Senior representatives of the following organizations are yet to be nominated as
      members of the CCJC:
           a.    GDEWP
           b.    Ministry of Finance
           c.    Ministry of Industry and Commerce
           d.    Ministry of Transportation
           e.    Ministry of Municipalities and Agriculture Affairs
           f.    Ministry of Electricity and Water
           g.    Oil and Gas Affairs
           h.    Bahrain Center for Studies and Research (BCSR)


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       i.   Private sector
16.   The CCJC will be responsible for developing national climate change policies in
      Bahrain and providing strategic guidance steering the decision-making process of
      various climate change activities/issues.
17.   In order to avoid duplication of work as well as to promote more effective
      communication and co-ordination, it is highly recommended to mandate CCJC to act,
      also, as the NCCSC that will be responsible to oversee the implementation of the SNC
      project.


2.3 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
18.   One of three market-based mechanisms introduced by Kyoto Protocol, the Clean
      Development Mechanism (CDM) provides opportunities for Bahrain to access funding
      and technologies offered by developed countries to implement projects aiming to reduce
      GHG emissions. Large industries in Bahrain, particularly refining, petrochemical,
      energy and Aluminum smelting industries, can significantly benefit from CDM by
      exploring approaches to optimize processes and to maximize the utilization of resources
      while contributing to the global efforts to reduce GHG emissions.
19.   Primarily aiming to introduce CDM to targeted sectors, a workshop was co-organized by
      GDEWP, National Oil and Gas Authority (NOGA), UNEP and BCSR on 9th April 2007.
      The CDM’s mechanism, cycle and potential projects were demonstrated. Additionally,
      relevant sectors that may potentially benefit from CDM were explored and identified.
20.   On 11th May 2007, GDEWP participated in a regional workshop addressing the latest
      progresses in CDM implementation. Potential projects that may benefit from the CDM
      were presented and investigated in terms of, inter alias, the cycle, requirements and
      costs.
21.   During the period from 29th to 31st May 2007, a workshop dedicated to clean businesses
      was organized by the Economic Development Board (EDB) with active participation of
      concerned public and private organizations, including GDEWP. As part of the
      workshop, a discussion panel was held to investigate the potential applicability of
      renewable energy in Bahrain.
22.   To facilitate the implementation of CDM in Bahrain, GDEWP was officially nominated
      as the Designated National Authority (DNA). The GDEWP is currently developing
      plans to strengthen relevant national capacities in attempt to maximize the benefits of
      Bahrain from CDM. The plans will identify targeted sectors and outline the mechanisms
      that will be adopted to select and implement dedicated projects. Developing the second
      GHG inventory, as part of the SNC project, will remarkably enable Bahrain to re-
      prioritize targeted projects taking into consideration the latest national GHG emission
      estimations.


2.4 National Environmental Strategy
23. In April 2004, the environmental agency in Bahrain, GDEWP, finalized the draft
      National Environmental Strategy (NES). The NES primarily aims to frame the overall
      national environmental policy of Bahrain in light of the principles of sustainable
      development. Prepared through the participatory approach, NES includes key sections



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      dedicated to air, water, land resources and agriculture, transportation, marine and coastal
      environment in addition to waste.
24.   The NES was officially approved by the Cabinet of Ministers through Edict No. 02-1902
      released during the session held on 8th October 2006. However, no National
      Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) has been yet developed to implement the provisions
      of and transform NES into tangible reality.
25.   Recognizing that NEAP is yet to be drafted, the SNC project may substantially benefit
      from this valuable opportunity. Should NEAP project have been launched during the
      project cycle of SNC, an attempt has to be made to effectively integrate and mainstream
      climate change concerns into the sectoral and cross-sectoral national plans, programs
      and policies through NEAP. This may be further facilitated by the fact that GDEWP is
      the national implementing agency for both SNC and NEAP and both projects have
      interlinkages with almost the same sectors.


2.5 Bahrain Environment Outlook
26.   In June 2007, Bahrain launched a project devoted to the preparation of the Bahrain
      Environment Outlook 2007 (BEO). The project will be implemented by the staff of
      GDEWP with technical guidance provided by UNEP-ROWA as well as international
      consultants.
27.   The key objectives of BEO are to assess the current state of the environment in the
      Kingdom of Bahrain, to develop environmental outlook and to identify environmental
      priorities and policy options. The BEO will be comprised from key thematic sections
      dedicated to marine and coastal environment, air, water resources, land use and
      biodiversity. Of particular reference, the climate change issues will be addressed under
      the Air as well as the Environmental Linkages sections.
28.   Co-ordination between the project teams of SNC and BEO should be initiated at this
      stage and maintained throughout the projects’ execution cycles in order to avoid
      unnecessary duplication of work. Additionally, BEO may ease the flow of climate
      change data and information, further raise public awareness about climate change issues
      and strengthen the informational and technical capacities of GDEWP.


2.6 National Environmental Information Unit (NEIU)
29.   Based within and operated by GDWEP, a National Environmental Information Unit
      (NEIU) was established in January 2007. The primary objective of NEIU is to develop
      an updated, outsourced and easily accessible central environmental database
      providing information of particular significance to decision-makers, researchers,
      environmentalists as well as public.
30.   To achieve its objectives, NEIU employs various tools, such as database management
      systems, geographic information system (GIS), image processing software’s, modeling
      softwares and networks. The 2007 annual plan of NEIU includes ongoing programs to
      establish and maintain the followings:
      a.   Marine Geographic Information System: a GIS-based application dedicated to
           assessing the quality and promoting proper management of the marine
           environment;




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      b.   Protected Areas Geographic Information System: a GIS-based application
           providing geo-referenced information about the location, area, geological features
           and biodiversity of declared protected areas;
      c.   Terrain Geographic Information System: a GIS-based application devoted to
           mapping various sorts of land uses;
      d.   Industrial Environmental Monitoring System: a database application aiding in the
           environmental planning and control of various industrial activities; and
      e.   Environmental Document Database: a database application aiding in the systematic
           archiving, retrieving and management of all sorts of environmental data and
           information.
31.   The SNC project document stresses the need to establish and maintain a central climate
      change database, based in the GDEWP, which should be outsourced, easily accessible
      and managed by national staff in a transparent manner. Apparently, the SNC project can
      significantly benefit from the outputs of the various components of NEIU. Indeed, NEIU
      can, also, host the proposed climate change central database. This will avoid duplication
      of work and will encourage better and more efficient management of climate change
      data and information. Hence, it is highly recommended to initiate and maintain
      communication channels between the project teams of SNC and NEIU in order to
      establish the core of the intended climate change database as part of the NEIU. The
      leading implementing agency for both projects, GDEWP can easily smooth the
      coordination between the SNC and NEIU project teams. Additionally, it is highly
      recommended to involve selected staffs of the NEIU in the execution of the SNC
      project.


3. SNC OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK
32.   The SNC project will be executed under the auspices of the national focal point for
      UNFCCC, the GDEWP, in co-ordination with other concerned ministries, private sector,
      academia, NGOs and representatives of local people. Resting under the PCPMREW,
      GDEWP is the competent environmental authority with a wide mandate to manage
      national environmental challenges through mainstreaming the environmental concerns
      into the national policy making process.
33.   The role of GDEWP as a national execution body will have the advantage of
      strengthening scientific, technical, informational and institutional capacities in-house the
      environmental agency; a key recommendation of the UNEP/GEF’s evaluation report.
      Additionally, synergy with the plans and programs of other UN’s multilateral
      agreements will be facilitated by the fact that GDEWP is the national focal point for the
      conventions on biodiversity, wetlands of international importance, ozone depletion and
      hazardous wastes.
34.   The SNC operational framework was amended in view of the latest achievements and
      the findings of the survey undertaken during the preparation of this report to identify
      potential climate change local experts. Three proposed approaches, framing the project
      institutional arrangements, were developed and likely concerned organizations from
      which local experts can be recruited were identified.
35.   In Option No. 1, a National Climate Change Steering Committee (NCCSC), a National
      Study Team (NST) and four Working Groups (WGs) will be reconstituted by GDEWP



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      in close consultation with other partners. The four working teams will co-ordinate and
      communicate directly with the administrative teams as illustrated in Figure-1.
36.   In Option No. 2, NCCSC and NST will be reconstituted by GDEWP in close
      consultation with other partners. Additionally, two academic institutions will be sub-
      contracted to aid in the technical execution of the project. The University of Bahrain
      (UOB) will be responsible for steering the GHG Inventory as well as the Mitigation
      Working Groups while the Arabian Gulf University will lead the Vulnerability and
      Adaptation as well as the National Circumstances and Cross Cutting Working Groups,
      Figure-2. To ensure appropriate representation from stakeholders, the sub-contractors
      should select experts representing pre-determined organizations to back-up their own
      professionals in each working group. Co-ordination between the working groups and the
      administrative teams will be through the sub-contracted institutions.
37.   In Option No. 3, NCCSC and NST will be reconstituted by GDEWP in close
      consultation with other partners. Additionally, two academic institutions and one
      research and study centre will be sub-contracted to aid in the technical execution of the
      project. The University of Bahrain (UOB) will be responsible for steering the GHG
      Inventory Working Group, and the Arabian Gulf University will lead the Vulnerability
      and Adaptation as well as the Mitigation Working Groups while Bahrain Center for
      Studies and Research will be responsible for conducting the National Circumstances and
      Cross Cutting Working Group, Figure-3. To ensure appropriate representation from
      stakeholders, the sub-contractors should select experts representing pre-determined
      organizations to back-up their own professionals in each working group. Co-ordination
      between the working groups and the administrative teams will be through the sub-
      contracted institutions.




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                General Directorate for Environment and Wildlife Protection (GDEWP)



                           National Climate Change Steering Committee (NCCSC)



       Project Facilitator (PF)                Project Manager (PM)            Technical Coordinator (TC)


                                         National Study Team (NST)




      National                   GHG Inventory                  Vulnerability &                 Mitigation
Circumstances/Cross              Working Group                  Adaptation/RSO                 Working Group
 -cutting Working                                               Working Group
       Group                      Energy &                                                              Energy &
                                  Transport                                                             Transport
                                                                         Public Health
   National Circumstances        Industrial
                                                                          Agriculture                   Industrial
                                 Processes                                                              Processes
     Technology transfer                                               Water Resources
      needs assessment           Agriculture                                                            Agriculture


       Education and                                                   Coastal Resources
                                  Landuse                                                                Landuse
        awareness                 Changes                                                                Changes
                                                                          Biodiversity
        Information/               Waste
        Networking                                                                                        Waste
                                                                       Landuse Changes

      Capacity building
                                                                            Waste




    Figure 1. Flowchart illustrating Option No. 1 proposed for the institutional framework of the
    project implementation.




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                    General Directorate for Environment and Wildlife Protection (GDEWP)


                            National Climate Change Steering Committee (NCCSC)


          Project Facilitator (PF)            Project Manager (PM)             Technical Coordinator (TC)



                                         National Study Team (NST)




                        UOB                                                     AGU
                 University of Bahrain                                  Arabian Gulf University




 GHG Inventory                        Mitigation                Vulnerability &             National Circumstances/
 Working Group                       Working Group              Adaptation/RSO                   Cross-cutting
                                                                Working Group                   Working Group
 Energy &                                  Energy &
 Transport                                 Transport
                                                                         Public Health              National Circumstances

Industrial                                 Industrial                     Agriculture
Processes                                  Processes                                                 Technology transfer
                                                                                                      needs assessment
Agriculture                                                            Water Resources
                                           Agriculture
                                                                                                        Education and
                                                                       Coastal Resources                 awareness
 Landuse                                    Landuse
 Changes                                    Changes
                                                                                                         Information/
                                                                         Biodiversity
                                                                                                         Networking
  Waste                                      Waste
                                                                       Landuse Changes                Capacity building


                                                                            Waste



 Figure 2. Flowchart illustrating Option No. 2 proposed for the institutional framework of the
 project implementation.




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              General Directorate for Environment and Wildlife Protection (GDEWP)


                     National Climate Change Steering Committee (NCCSC)


  Project Facilitator (PF)            Project Manager (PM)            Technical Coordinator (TC)



                                 National Study Team (NST)




         UOB                                 AGU                                        BCSR
  University of Bahrain              Arabian Gulf University            Bahrain Center for Studies and Research




  GHG Inventory               Mitigation                 Vulnerability &            National Circumstances/
  Working Group              Working Group               Adaptation/RSO                  Cross-cutting
                                                         Working Group                  Working Group
 Energy &                          Energy &
 Transport                         Transport
                                                                Public Health              National Circumstances

 Industrial                        Industrial                    Agriculture
 Processes                         Processes                                                 Technology transfer
                                                                                              needs assessment
Agriculture                                                    Water Resources
                                   Agriculture
                                                                                           Education and
                                                               Coastal Resources           awareness
  Landuse                           Landuse
  Changes                           Changes
                                                                                                Information/
                                                                 Biodiversity
                                                                                                Networking
  Waste
                                     Waste
                                                               Landuse Changes                Capacity building


                                                                    Waste



Figure 3. Flowchart illustrating Option No. 3 proposed for the institutional framework of the
project implementation.




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38.   The NCCSC will be commissioned to provide overall policies guiding the
      implementation of the project. The NCCSC will meet quarterly during the project
      execution. Its members will include decision makers and senior representatives from
      concerned governmental agencies, local scientific institutions, private sector and NGOs.
      A Project Manager (PM), designated by GDEWP to supervise the overall operational
      management of the project on regular basis and to officially communicate with national
      and international bodies, will head the NCCSC. The administration of day-to-day
      project activities will be the responsibility of the Project Co-coordinator (PC). A Project
      Facilitator (PF) will aid in the technical co-ordination among the five WGs to overcome
      the difficulties in data gathering and transfer encountered in the INC project.
39.   The overall mandate of NST is to periodically co-ordinate among WGs to ensure
      harmony and collaboration of work and to overcome any major technical difficulties. It
      is worth mentioning that PM, PF and PC will be included as members in both NCCSC
      and NST in attempt to ensure adequate co-ordination between the two teams.
40.   The technical content of the intended SNC will be formulated by four working groups;
      namely:
         (a)   National Circumstances Working Group
         (b)   GHG Inventory Working Group
         (c)   Vulnerability and Adaptation Working Group
         (d)   Mitigation Working Group
41.   The WGs will be comprised from national professionals, with adequate knowledge and
      expertise about climate change and environmental issues, drawn from public and private
      sectors as well as NGO’s. Each WG will be chaired by a Team Leader (TL) who will
      develop a detailed work plan of the corresponding working group in consultation with
      the group members and in co-ordination with NST. The four team leaders in addition to
      PM, PF and PC will constitute the NST. Stakeholders Consulted likely to be involved
      during the execution of the proposed project shall include, inter alias, List:
      Appendix???….


3.1 National Circumstances and Cross-Cutting WG
42.   The national circumstances component sets the national context of and serves as a
      baseline for addressing national concerns related to climate change. Information about
      national circumstances is critical to fine-tuning the investigations in other chapters to
      better reflect the specific national situations in Bahrain.


43.   The national circumstances component shall detail, inter alias, the following attributes:
         (a)   Geographical profile including climate, water resources, land use patterns and
               biodiversity;
         (b)   Population and demographic trends particularly growth rates, distribution,
               density and other vital statistics;
         (c)   Economy and sector profile including energy, transport, industry, agriculture,
               fisheries, waste, health and services; and
         (d)   Education including academia and scientific and technical research
               institutions.


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             (e)    Description of the institutional arrangement           for   preparing   national
                    communications on a continuous basis.

44.       Also, this WG will be responsible for managing and overseeing the work on national
          circumstances,   technology    transfer/needs   assessment,   capacity   building,
          information/networking and education and awareness.


3.2. GHG Inventory WG
45.       The GHG inventory is the main component of a national communication, and forms the
          baseline against which climate change mitigation and adaptation measures are
          developed. Considerable economic development has taken place in Bahrain since the
          completion of the first GHG inventory in 2000. All key GHGs, including carbon
          dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (NO2), nitric oxides (NOx), sulphur
          dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane volatile organic compounds
          (NMVOCs), and hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) should be identified and investigated.
46.       The second national GHG inventory will be estimated for the period 1994-2006 using
          the year 2000 as a base. The time-series up to 2020/2050 will be developed based on the
          projected demographic and socio-economic data as well as the national development
          plans for various socio-economic sectors, using appropriate statistical techniques and
          macro-economic models.

3.2.1. GHG Inventory WG Scope of Work
47.       The GHG Inventory Working Group will be responsible for developing the second
          national GHG inventories for Bahrain in accordance to the recommendations of the
          stocktaking and stakeholder consultation exercise through implementing the specific
          activities outlined below.
3. 2.2. GHG Inventory WG Responsibilities
48.       The responsibilities of this group will include the following:
          Reviewing the first national GHG inventory as well as input data to identify data gaps,
           availability and suitability as well as areas needing further improvement;
          Identifying barriers to obtaining existing data from key sources and proposing means
           to overcome any obstacles;
          Establishing a national procedure and data flow for systematic collection of the GHG
           data;
          Collecting available data from national sources to fill inventory data gaps and
           establishing datasets baselines;
          Developing and maintaining a database system to facilitate the archiving and
           retrieving of data and information pertaining to GHG inventories;
          Developing the second national GHG inventory in accordance to the 1996 revised
           IPCC guidelines and the Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) protocol
           extracted from the “IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in
           National Greenhouse Gases Inventories”. The intended inventory should:
           -     cover the period 1995-2004 using the year 2000 as a base;
           -     compute projected emissions trend for the time-series up to 2020;




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           -     include all key GHGs, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous
                 oxide (NO2), nitric oxides (NOx), sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO),
                 non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), and hydro-fluorocarbons
                 (HFCs);
           -     investigate all key socio-economic sectors (i.e., energy, industry, waste,
                 agriculture, forestry and land-use changes) as well as likely sub-sectors (e.g.,
                 construction and fisheries); and
           -     base on dedicated national emission factors to better reflect the specific
                 situations in Bahrain;
          Liaising closely and consulting with other working groups to facilitate sharing data
           and information as well as expertise;
          Participating in the national and, where possible, regional and international training
           activities;
          Strengthening institutional, scientific, technical, technological and informational
           national capacities during the course of assessing climate change vulnerability and
           adaptation;
          Developing and implementing dedicated programs and activities aiming to raising
           public awareness (particularly decision-makers) and/or launching             educational
           programs on issues pertaining to GHG inventories;
          Identifying and evaluating the needs to develop research, systematic observations as
           well as data collection and analysis related to GHG inventories;
          Assessing the technological needs to update GHG inventories based on the cost-
           effectiveness of the technologies, the potentialities of their application and their link
           with the national strategy of sustainable development;
          Preparing an updated GHG inventory technical report, including technical annexes
           detailing the inventory procedures and calculations; and
          Organizing (in cooperation with the NST and PC and in consultation with the PF and
           PM) a stakeholder consultation exercise to present and discuss the final results.

3. 2.3. GHG Inventory Timeline
49.       Table 1 displays the time line that the outputs of GHGs WG are expected. WG Team
          Leader strongly encourages earlier preparation of the outputs. During the preparation of
          the GHG inventory, WG members will attend trainings and workshops. The SNC project
          will jointly or severally support such activities that build national capacity.
Table 1: Major steps/outputs of the proposed activities on the second national GHG inventory
                                             2007        2008                 2009               2010
                                             Q4     Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1   Q2     Q3
Activity/Output
1. Inception Workshop

2. Setting up the National GHG
   inventory WG
3. Reviewing the previous National
   inventories of GHGs and Identifying
   the new sources of information for fill
   data gaps
4. Submission of detailed Workplan

5. Collecting the new inventory data for
   CO2, N2O, CH4, HFCs, NOx, CO,
   NMVOC and SO2 up to 2006



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                                                                 Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


                                          2007        2008                 2009               2010
                                          Q4     Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1   Q2     Q3
Activity/Output
6. Preparing of GHG inventory and
   other activities
7. Preparing the findings to other WGs

8. Creating the Draft report

9. Organizing a stocktaking stockholder
   National Workshop
10. Updating and Finalizing the report

11. Producing the Inputs for SNC



3.3. Mitigation WG
50.    The proposed GHGs mitigation study should build on earlier work carried out during the
       INC project by quantitatively assessing and evaluating the most sensible, practical and
       cost-effective mitigation options in Bahrain based on updated and enhanced GHG
       inventory data. Related analytical tools and methodologies will be used to commence
       the analysis. The analysis will be sector-specific, and will cover the same sectors as the
       GHGs inventory study demonstrated above.


51.    Numbers of suitable methods/models will be identified and used for assessing the
       different cost effective mitigation analysis. Many of these methods/models are
       identified in a number of technical references as Technologies, Policies and Measures
       for Mitigating Climate Change (IPCC Technical Paper I); Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
       Assessment: A Guidebook by the U.S. Country Studies Program and Climate Change
       2001: Mitigation (Contribution of Working Group III to the Third Assessment Report of
       the IPCC). The models may comprise "expenses- release" model, macro-economic
       models based on economic efficiency (cost-benefit or cost-efficiency analyses) and
       general equilibrium models. In addition, LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternative
       Planning) model may also be used for assessing least-cost mitigation options. It is
       necessary to take into account the uncertainty, as well as the socio-economic and
       ecological risks in climate change policy when these models are applied. Further
       improvement or research on these models based on local conditions and situations may
       be needed. The results of the modelling studies will be compared with the previous
       results where possible.


3. 3.1. Mitigation WG Scope of Work
52.    The Mitigation Working Group will be responsible for quantitatively assessing and
       evaluating the most sensible, practical and cost-effective mitigation options in Bahrain
       (based on updated and enhanced GHG inventory data) through implementing the
       specific activities outlined below.
3. 3.2. Mitigation WG Responsibilities
53.    The responsibilities of this group will include the following:
  Reviewing the mitigation chapter in INC as well as input data to identify data gaps,                         Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
availability and suitability as well as areas needing further improvement;


                                                                                                          16
                                                                 Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


          Identifying barriers to obtaining existing data from key sources and proposing means
           to overcome any obstacles;
          Establishing a national procedure and data flow for systematic collection of the
           mitigation data;
          Collecting available data from national sources (particularly regarding fuel and energy
           consumption in energy, transport and waste sectors) to fill inventory data gaps and
           establishing datasets baselines;
          Developing and maintaining a database system to facilitate the archiving and
           retrieving of data and information pertaining to climate change mitigation;
          Assessing the main national economic and social development trends particularly
           expected GHG emissions in energy, agriculture, land-use change and waste
           management (with particular focus on the energy sector) using emission factors/main
           indicators adapted to the specific situations in Bahrain;
          Identify, formulate and prioritize measures to mitigate climate change within the
           framework of sustainable development using suitable methods/models dedicated for
           conducting cost effective mitigation analysis and, subsequently, developing a series of
           mitigation scenarios to abate the increase of the GHG emissions;
          Liaising closely and consulting with other working groups to facilitate sharing data
           and information as well as expertise;
          Participating in the national and, where possible, regional and international training
           activities;
          Strengthening institutional, scientific, technical, technological and informational
           national capacities during the course of assessing climate change mitigation;
          Developing and implementing dedicated programs and activities aiming to raising
           public awareness (particularly decision-makers) and/or launching                educational
           programs on issues pertaining to climate change mitigation;
          Identifying and evaluating the needs to develop research, systematic observations as
           well as data collection and analysis related to climate change mitigation;
          Assessing the technological needs for adequately and effectively mitigate climate
           change likely impacts based on the cost-effectiveness of the technologies, the
           potentialities of their application and their link with the national strategy of sustainable
           development;
          Formulating a National Mitigation Strategy containing a list of national measures
           envisioned to mitigate climate change impacts;
          Preparing an updated climate change mitigation technical report, including technical
           annexes detailing the assessment procedures and calculations; and
          Organizing (in cooperation with the NST and PC and in consultation with the PF and
           PM) a stakeholder consultation exercise to present and discuss the final results.

3. 3.3. Mitigation WG Timeline
54.       Table 2 displays the timeline that the outputs of Mitigation WG are expected. WG
          Team Leader strongly encourages earlier preparation of the outputs. During the
          preparation of the Mitigation inventory, WG members will attend trainings and
          workshops. The SNC project will jointly or severally support such activities that build
          national capacity. The initial parts of the Mitigation timeline are similar to GHG
          Inventory WG.




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                                                                Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


Table 2: Major steps/outputs of the proposed activities on the SNC Mitigation inventory

                                          2007   2008                2009                2010
                                          Q4     Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1   Q2   Q3
Activity/Output
1. Inception Workshop
2. Setting up the National Mitigation
   WG
3. Reviewing the mitigation chapter in
   INC and identify data gaps
4. Submission of detailed Workplan
5. Collecting available data to develop
   and maintain a database system
6. Mitigation assessment and other
   activities
7. Preparing the findings to other WGs
8. Creating the Draft report
9. Organizing a stocktaking
  stockholder National Workshop
10. Updating and Finalizing the report
11. Producing the Inputs for SNC




3.4. Vulnerability &Adaptation WG
55.    The key objective of the vulnerability and adaptation assessment is to identify areas and
       sectors critically vulnerable to the potential impacts of climate change and to strengthen
       national capacities to better respond to likely challenges. The low-lying nature of
       Bahrain’s islands, coupled with significant land reclamation investments and extensive
       industrial, commercial, and residential activities in coastal zones, emphasize the
       country’s acute vulnerability to climate change-induced SLR.


56.    The vulnerability and adaptation assessments in SNC will investigate the important
       economic sectors (e.g., agriculture, fisheries, industry, energy, transport, recreation and
       tourism), human health and natural systems (e.g., soils, water and biodiversity issues).
       The investigation will be carried out using the state of the art of current scientific
       knowledge and technologies, and may be based on literature survey, a dialogue with
       experts and stakeholders.


3.4.1 Vulnerability &Adaptation WG Scope of Work
57.    The overall scope of the Vulnerability and Adaptation/RSO Working Group is to
       identify areas and sectors critically vulnerable to the potential impacts of climate change
       and to strengthen national capacities to better respond to likely climate change
       challenges including the Research and Systematic Observation (RSO) through
       implementing the specific activities outlined below.


3.4.2. Vulnerability &Adaptation WG Responsibilities
58.    The responsibilities of this group will include the following:


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                                                        Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


   Reviewing the vulnerability and adaptation chapter in INC as well as input data to
    identify data gaps, availability and suitability as well as areas needing further
    improvement;
   Identifying barriers to obtaining existing data from key sources and proposing means
    to overcome any obstacles;
   Establishing a national procedure and data flow for systematic collection of the
    vulnerability and adaptation data;
   Collecting available data from national sources to fill inventory data gaps and
    establishing datasets baselines;
   Developing and maintaining a database system to facilitate the archiving and
    retrieving of data and information pertaining to climate change vulnerability and
    adaptation;
   Assessing the vulnerability of key economic sectors (e.g., agriculture, fisheries,
    industry, energy, transport, recreation and tourism), human health and natural systems
    (e.g., soils, water and biodiversity issues) and identifying the most critical vulnerable
    sectors. The assessment should include the series of vulnerability studies listed below
    using the state-of-the-art of current scientific knowledge and technologies
    recommended by the IPCC methodologies and project consultants:
    -      Assessment of vulnerability of the coastal zone bordering the 36 islands
           comprising the Kingdom of Bahrain with particular focus on their specific
           physical, biological, social and economic conditions using the DINAS and other
           models to simulate various SLR scenarios supported with GIS/RS tools;
    -      Assessment of the vulnerability and adaptation of sea water intrusion to
           freshwater aquifers resources in the country using the WEAP model to simulate
           water demands and supplies;
    -      Assessment of the vulnerability of agricultural sector to direct and indirect
           impacts of climate change while synergizing with national plans and activities
           pertaining to combating desertification;
    -      Assessment of vulnerability of human health to climate change focusing on the
           predicted increase in average temperatures and more frequent and intense heat
           waves which can cause a great number of heat-related illnesses and deaths; and
    -      Assessment of vulnerability of terrestrial and marine biodiversity components in
           Bahrain with particular emphasis on natural habitats of exceptional
           environmental sensivity.
   Evaluating the feasibility of available adaptation measures for the likely affected
    sectors to meet their specific needs and concerns arising from the adverse effects from
    the climate change;
   Developing “National Adaptation Strategy” to climate change aiming to minimizing
    likely climate change impacts on key vulnerable socio-economic sectors.
   Liaising closely and consulting with other working groups to facilitate sharing data
    and information as well as expertise;
   Participating in the national and, where possible, regional and international training
    activities;
   Strengthening institutional, scientific, technical, technological and informational
    national capacities during the course of assessing climate change vulnerability and
    adaptation;
   Developing and implementing dedicated programs and activities aiming to raising
    public awareness (particularly decision-makers) and/or launching              educational
    programs on issues pertaining to climate change vulnerability and adaptation;



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                                                                 Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


          Identifying and evaluating the needs to develop research, systematic observations as
           well as data collection and analysis related to climate change vulnerability and
           adaptation.
          Assessing the technological needs for adequately and effectively assess climate change
           vulnerability and adaptation based on the cost-effectiveness of the technologies, the
           potentialities of their application and their link with the national strategy of sustainable
           development.
          Preparing an updated climate change vulnerability and adaptation technical report,
           including technical annexes detailing the assessment procedures and calculations; and
          Organizing (in cooperation with the NST and PC and in consultation with the PF and
           PM) a stakeholder consultation exercise to present and discuss the final results.
          Participate in a training workshop on the use of the UNFCCC guidelines on research
           and systematic observation;
          Undertake an assessment of the needs and priorities for research and systematic
           observation in close collaboration with Central Asia – Global Climate Observing
           System (GCOS) initiatives;
          Prepare an analysis of the climatic conditions of various stations in Bahrain;
          Prepare final report on research and systematic observation, including comments from
           the stakeholders

3.4.3 Vulnerability & Adaptation WG Timeline
59.       Table 3 displays the timeline that the outputs of V&A WG are expected. WG Team
          Leader strongly encourages earlier preparation of the outputs. During the preparation of
          the V&A assessment, WG members will attend trainings and workshops. The SNC
          project will jointly or severally support such activities that build national capacity.


Table 3: Major steps/outputs of the proposed activities on the SNC V&A assessment
                                        2007   2008                   2009                     2010
Activity/Output                         Q4     Q1     Q2   Q3   Q4    Q1     Q2   Q3    Q4     Q1     Q2   Q3
1. Inception Workshop
2. Setting up the V&A Assessment
   WG
3. Reviewing the V&A chapter in
   INC and identify data gaps
4. Submission of detailed Workplan
5. Collecting available data to
   develop and maintain a database
   system
6. Assessing the vulnerability of
   key economic sectors
7. Evaluating the feasibility of
   available adaptation measures for
   the likely affected sectors
8. Creating the Draft report
9. Presentation the findings to other
   WGs
10. Organizing a stocktaking
   stockholder National Workshop
11. Updating and Finalizing the
   report



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                                                             Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


                                    2007   2008                  2009                     2010
Activity/Output                     Q4     Q1     Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1     Q2    Q3    Q4    Q1     Q2   Q3
12. Developing “National
  Adaptation Strategy” to climate
  change
13. Producing the Inputs for SNC




4. SNC WORK PLAN

60.   Preparing to the Inception workshop which will be held this year to enable The
      Kingdom of Bahrain to Prepare Its Second National Communication Project" This
      Implementing Report address, revise, suggest and advice to the main steps in SNC
      project. The execution of the project is expected to extend over 30 months commencing
      from September 2007. The Detailed three year Workplan and timeline for the
      preparation of the national communication process and document completion is
      illustrated in Table-4.




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                                                                                                                            Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
     Table 4: Detailed Work Plan over three years for the preparation of Second National Communication (SNC) of the Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                   2007             2008                 2009                2010
                                                                                                   Q4     Q1   Q2      Q3   Q4    Q1    Q2   Q3    Q4   Q1   Q2      Q3
Proposed activities under the Second National Communication (SNC)
Implementation arrangements
1.   Contract the project Official Institutions/Partners
2.   Establish the mean Working Groups
3.   Organize a Project Implementing Workshop
4.   Finalize the SNC project document
5.   Create and maintain a national climate change web page
IV.1 National Circumstances
1. Review the information on the National Circumstances
2. Validate the gaps of data and information identified under stocktaking
3. Collect data and information from authorized respective sources
4. Fill the gaps, update and add the new data and information
5. Draft national circumstances sections relevant to each thematic area.
6. Draft the National Circumstances section under the SNC
7. Circulate the National Circumstances section for comment, collect all comments
8. Organize a national workshop to present findings of the National Circumstances
9. Review and Finalize the National Circumstances Chapter under the SNC
IV.2 GHG Inventory
IV.2.1 GHGs Inventory WG
1. Establish the GHGs inventory WG after identifying and mobilizing the national experts in all
targeted sectors and related areas
2. Review the existing information on the previous GHG inventory (1NC)
IV.2.2 Methodologies
1. Study and revise all IPCC methodologies and guidelines related to GHG Inventory
2. Decide and select the methodology in relation to local conditions
3. Decide on the surveys that should be carried out to fill data gaps
4. Examine the application of the QA/QC plan
IV.2.3: Data Collection
1. Identify new activity data needed for estimates GHG emissions for 1994-2000 from all relevant
sources in energy, agriculture and waste sectors
2. Collect the necessary data from the available sources
3. Fill data gaps by undertaking surveys for needed data

                                                                                                                                                               22
                                                                                                                                 Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                        2007             2008                 2009               2010
                                                                                                        Q4     Q1   Q2      Q3   Q4    Q1    Q2   Q3    Q4   Q1   Q2      Q3
4. Establish a database, including sources and sinks for CO2, N2O, CH4, NOx, CO, NMVOCs, SOs,
HFCs, PFCs, SF6
5. Decide on Emission Factors (EFs) to be utilized
IV.2.5: GHG inventory Chapter Compilation, Reviewing and Finalizing
1. Prepare a draft inventory for 2000 and time series 1994-2000
2. Develop key sources analysis for 2000 and sensitivity analysis (1994-2000)
3. Develop a key sources inventory for 2000
3. Project GHGs emission trends up to 2020
4. Undertake uncertainty assessment
5. Prepare and circulate the inventory for internal review as part of QA/QC plan
6. Organize a national workshop to present findings of the GHG inventory
7. Incorporate comments received from the review process and finalize the inventory to be submitted
as a part of the SNC of The Kingdom of Bahrain
8. Archive activity data, emission factors and estimation, and upload all these data to the database
9. Prepare final report on the national GHG inventory and national action plan

IV.3 Mitigation: Programmes containing measures to mitigate climate change
1. Establish the Mitigation inventory WG after identifying and mobilizing the national experts in all
targeted sectors and related areas
2. Consider estimates of GHG inventory for the base year 2000
3. Collect all relevant data and set assumptions
4. Gather & present information on implemented and/or adopted GHG reduction policies/measures
5. Identify, formulate & prioritise other potential mitigation policies/measures
6. Develop a revised baseline GHG emission scenario until year 2020
7. Identify and explain any difference / change to the GHG baseline scenario developed under INC
8. Re-visit the list of GHG mitigation measures /technology options & Add new
GHG mitigation measure/technology options, if data available
9. Develop / update the GHG mitigation scenario for energy and related sectors
10. Estimate the GHG reduction potential, cost of reduction and penetration rate of each measure
proposed under GHG mitigation scenarios.
11. Develop / update the GHG abatement scenario for non-energy sectors
12. Identify any difference / change to the abatement scenario developed under 1NC
13. Develop the draft chapter of the GHG mitigation analysis and circulate it for internal

                                                                                                                                                                    23
                                                                                                                                   Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                          2007             2008                 2009               2010
                                                                                                          Q4     Q1   Q2      Q3   Q4    Q1    Q2   Q3    Q4   Q1   Q2      Q3
and external reviews
14. Organize a national workshop to present findings from the GHG abatement analysis
15. Sort out the findings and finalize the GHG abatement analysis chapter to be submitted as a part of
the SNC
16. Archive and document all the GHG mitigation analysis related studies and estimates
IV.4. Programs containing measures to facilitate adaptation to climate change
1. Establish the V&A Assessment WG after identifying and mobilizing the national experts in all
targeted sectors and related areas
2. Review the vulnerability assessment of the following sectors: agriculture, biodiversity, water
resources, coastal resources, human health and energy
3. Decide on the range of the assessment, approaches, tools and methods
4. Identify the type and scope of data and information needed
5. Review the policy process and development context for the selected area
6. Collect and synthesize the necessary data and information.
7. Develop respective indicators for baseline development
8. Develop an environmental-socio-economic baseline
9. Access current vulnerability of climate and sectors under the priority area and access any
previous adaptation experience under priority area, if available
10. Examine the links between the climate change scenarios and the potential socio-economic impacts
11. Develop climate trends and risks
12. Develop environmental-socio-economic trends and risks
13. Prepare a national action plan for implementation of identified prioritised adaptation measures for
all sectors of concerned
14. Develop the draft chapter of the V&A and circulate it for internal and external review and
comments
15. Organize a national workshop to present findings from the V&A and get comments
16. Archive and document all the V&A related studies and estimates
17. Sort out the findings and finalize the V&A chapter to be submitted as a part of the SNC
IV.5. Other information relevant to achieve the objective of the Convention
1. Review & report on national plans, studies & policies, which are formulated & implemented to
directly or indirectly achieve sustainable development
2. Assess & report on the technology needs and evaluate enabling environment, the progress and
activities related to technology transfer
3. Review ongoing national programmes for research and systematic observation & assess the needs of
research and observation of climate change programmes
3. Report on the efforts to promote the information sharing and networking

                                                                                                                                                                      24
                                                                                                                                 Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                        2007             2008                 2009               2010
                                                                                                        Q4     Q1   Q2      Q3   Q4    Q1    Q2   Q3    Q4   Q1   Q2      Q3
4. Provide information on implementation of education, training and public awareness
6. Provide information on capacity-building activities
IV.6. Constraints, gaps and related financial, technical and capacity needs
1. Review the status of the constraints and gaps from previous studies
2. Identify all constraints and gaps for each thematic area
3. Provide information on financial, technical and capacity needs to implement the Convention basis
4. Provide information on financial resources & technical support provided by GEF, Annex II Parties
or bilateral & multilateral institutions, for activities related to climate change
5. Provide the list of project proposals for funding specifying the technologies to be used and
equipment required
6. Provide the list of adaptation projects focusing on barriers & ways to overcome these barriers
7. Provide information on the needs, constraints & gaps of activities relating to technology transfer
IV.7. Preparation and presentation of the SNC
1. Prepare the additional information to presented in SNC
2. Draft the SNC and circulate for comments and review
3. Finalise and submit of the SNC
4. organize a national workshop to launch and present the findings of The Kingdom of Bahrain’s SNC




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                                                                                                                      Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
5. BUDGET
Table 5: Activity matrix and indicative budget for proposed activities over three years for the preparation of Second National Communication of
the Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                     2006    2007       2008        2009      TOTAL
Proposed activities under the Second National Communication                                          US$     US$        US$         US$       US$
1. Project Implementing Workshop                                                                     4,000   0          0                     4,000
2. End of Project Review Workshop                                                                    0       0          0           3,000     3,000
3. National Circumstances                                                                            3,000   3,000      0           0         6,000
Activity 1: Review of information on national circumstances based on most updated data, describe     3,000   3,000                            6,000
development priorities and objectives as well as existing institutional arrangement for preparing
national communications continuously and draft relevant chapter for inclusion in second national
communication.
4. Establishment of Institutional Framework                                                          2,000   7,000      7,000       6,000     22,000
Activity 1: Establishment of Project Management Team and the National Study Team                                                              0
Activity 2: Quarterly meetings of the Thematic Working Groups                                        1,000   3,000      3,000       2,000     9,000
Activity 3: Trimester meetings of the National Study Team                                            1,000   1,000      1,000       1,000     4,000
Activity 4: Annual National Consultation Workshop                                                            3,000      3,000       3,000     9,000
5. National GHG Inventory                                                                            0       55,000     0           0         55,000

Activity 1: Collection of activity data for GHG inventory (sources for CO 2, N2O, CH4, HFCs,                 35,000                           35,000
PFCs and SF6, as well as for CO, NOx, NMVOC, SO2) for up to 2006 with the base year 2000; and
further identification of shortcomings and gaps of the IPCC Guidelines in relation to the local
conditions; a description of any original research needed to develop and/or apply new emission
factors for specific activities; recommendations on areas of targeted research to improve future
inventories and to suggest revisions to the existing IPCC GHG inventory methodology and to
prepare a GHG inventory report (including country’s circumstances and the technical annexes that
detail the inventory procedures and estimations);. In addition to the national inventory report, a
chapter on GHG Inventory to be prepared for inclusion in SNC.
Activity 2 (Inventory establishment and management): A user-friendly GHG inventory database                  10,000                           10,000
will be established during the inventory compilation including, sources and sinks for carbon
dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), carbon monoxide
(CO), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) and sulphur dioxide (SO 2),
hydrofluorocarbon (HFCs), perfluorocarbon (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
Activity 3: National training workshop on IPCC Technical guidelines and IPCC Good Practice                   4,000                            4,000
Guidance applications for each relevant sector.
Activity 4: Strengthening of human, scientific, technical and institutional capacity, including              6,000                            6,000
participation in regional/subregional workshops and expert training
6. Programmes Containing Measures to Facilitate an Adequate Adaptation to Climate                    0       33,000     18,000      0         51,000

                                                                                                                                                         26
                                                                                                                     Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                     2006   2007       2008        2009       TOTAL
Proposed activities under the Second National Communication                                          US$    US$        US$         US$        US$
  Change
Activity 1: Collection and analysis of baseline data for key socio-economic sectors such as water           10,000     5,000                 15,000
resources (including surface and underground water); coastal zone management; agriculture;
ecosystems; and human and public health, culture/tradition among others required for assessing the
vulnerability of Bahrain to climate change and its adaptation options. This may include the
acquisition of satellite imagery data.
Activity 2: A comprehensive integrated and quantitative V&A assessment for key socio-economic               10,000     5,000                 15,000
sectors, such as water resources (including surface and underground water); arable farming and
food security; ecosystems (biodiversity, soil degradation, soil moisture, etc.); and human health,
among others based on established methodologies, including integrated assessment modelling,
possible least-cost adaptation options and adaptation technologies
Activity 3: Integrated vulnerability indices and maps for above mentioned key socio-economic                5,000      5,000                 10,000
sectors where appropriate.
Activity 4: Policy options for adequate adaptation and response strategies for climate change               3,000                            3,000
impacts on key socio-economic sectors, including a draft National Climate Change Adaptation
Plan
Activity 5: Training on new versions of WEAP, Century, SPUR, DSSAT models, Integrated                       5,000                            5,000
Assessment (IA) and IA Modelling and gathering these models
Activity 6: Preparation of the chapter on Programmes Containing Measures to Facilitate an                              3,000                 3,000
Adequate Adaptation to Climate Change to be included as a chapter in the SNC
7. Programmes Containing Measures to Mitigate Climate Change                                         0      25,000     17,000      0         42,000
Activity 1: Collection and collation of relevant baseline data for key socio-economic sectors               5,000                            5,000
required for assessing GHG mitigation options
Activity2: A comprehensive quantitative mitigation options assessment for key socio-economic                10,000     5,000                 15,000
sectors based on established methodologies, including possible cost-effective mitigation options
and environmentally friendly mitigation technologies. Economic impact studies will also be
carried out.
Activity 3: A draft National Plan on GHG Emission Reduction, including appropriate legal and                           4,000                 4,000
economic instruments, and public-private partnership for mitigation measures
Activity 4: Training on LEAP and MARKAL and other models                                                    10,000     5,000                 15,000
Activity 5: Preparation of the chapter on Programmes Containing Measures to Mitigate Climate                           3,000                 3,000
Change to be included in the SNC
8. Other relevant information                                                                                                                71,000

a. Development and Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies                                    0      0          17,000      0         17,000
Activity 1: A preliminary adaptation and mitigation technology needs assessment, including                             5,000                 5,000
endogenous technologies in related sectors such as industry, transport, agriculture and waste
management sectors and fields of adaptation.


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                                                                                                                     Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                     2006   2007       2008        2009       TOTAL
Proposed activities under the Second National Communication                                          US$    US$        US$         US$        US$
Activity 2: A database for ESTs based on UNEP IETC’s ESTIS, including training on the use of                           5,000                  5,000
ESTIS. The database will also include a list of emission reduction projects based on ESTs for
bilateral and multilateral funding, including those for CDM under the Kyoto Protocol
Activity 3: Establishment of technology information networks and information clearing house                            5,000                 5,000
Activity 4: Preparation of the chapter on Development and Transfer of Environmentally Sound                            2,000                 2,000
Technologies to be included in the SNC
b. Research and Systematic Observation                                                               0      6,000      0           0         6,000
Activity 1: Review of all climatic data available in Bahrain, including rainfall and temperature            2,000                            2,000
data, magnitude and frequency of extreme climatic events in relation to climate change; trends
analysis
Activity 2: Preparation of a draft National Strategy for Research and Systematic Observation, with          3,000                            3,000
special focus on extreme weather events, dust and sand storms, drought, etc
Activity 3: Preparation of the chapter on Research and Systematic Observation to be included in             1,000                            1,000
the SNC
c. Education, Training and Public Awareness                                                          0      13,000     5,000       7,000     25,000
Activity 1: Development of education, training and public awareness programmes at national,                 8,000                            8,000
provincial and local levels, including strengthening of curriculum on climate change at formal
(primary, secondary and university levels) and non-formal education systems.
Activity 2: Continuous public awareness campaigns including establishment of billboards to                  5,000      5,000       5,000     15,000
publicize climate change issues
Activity 3: Preparation of the chapter on Education, Training and Public Awareness to be included                                  2,000     2,000
in the SNC
d. Integration of Climate Change Concerns into Sustainable Development Plans and                     0      0          8,000       0         8,000
     Programmes
Activity 1: Capacity-building programmes that integrate climate change concerns into sustainable                       5,000                 5,000
development plans and programmes for national planners, policy and decision makers at the
national and local levels, including the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol negotiation processes
Activity 2: Draft Recommendation on integration of Climate Change concerns into sustainable                            2,000                 2,000
development programmes for various key socio-economic sectors
Activity 3: Preparation of the chapter on Integration of Climate Change Concerns into Sustainable                      1,000                 1,000
Development Plans and Programmes to be included in the SNC
e. Information and Networking                                                                        0      5,000      0           0         5,000
Activity 1: Assessment and enhancement of information communication technologies                            4,000                            4,000
Activity 2: Preparation of the chapter on Information and Networking                                        1,000                            1,000
f. Capacity Building                                                                                 0      0          10,000      0         10,000
Activity 1: Capacity-building needs assessment                                                                         3,000                 3,000
Activity 2: Preparation of a Capacity-Building Strategy, including options and priorities                              1,000                 1,000


                                                                                                                                                        28
                                                                                                                      Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain
                                                                                                   2006     2007        2008        2009       TOTAL
Proposed activities under the Second National Communication                                        US$      US$         US$         US$        US$
Activity.3: Enhancement of international negotiation skills                                                             5,000                  5,000
Activity 4: Preparation of the chapter on Capacity-Building to be included in the SNC                                   1,000                  1,000
9. Technical Assistance                                                                                     15,000      25,000      15,000    55,000
Activity 1:Technical Assistance (Engaging national/regional/ international consultants to assist            15000       25,000      15,000    55,000
with GHG Inventory, GHG mitigation and V&A training)

10. Constraints & Gaps, related financial, technical and capacity-building needs                   0        0           6,000       0         6,000
Activity1: Constraints, gaps and needs, and activities for overcoming gaps, etc.                                        2,000                 2,000
Activity 2: Opportunities, barriers for implementation of adapting and mitigating measures                              3,000                 3,000
Activity 3: Preparation of the chapter on Constraints & Gaps, related financial, technical and                          1,000                 1,000
capacity-building needs to be included in the SNC
11. Preparation and presentation of the SNC                                                        0        2,000       0           12,800    14,800
Activity 1: Compilation and preparation of SNC, including publication of national communications            2,000                   10,000    12,000
Activity 2: Submission of SNC at a COP/UNFCCC                                                                                       2,800     2,800
12. Project management                                                                             2,400    19,400      19,400      19,000    60,200

Project Coordinator                                                                                2,400    14,400      14,400      12,000    43,200
Project Secretary/Administrative Assistant                                                                                                    0
Independent Audit                                                                                                                   2,000     2,000
Part-time Accountant                                                                                                                          0
Staff Travel ( International travel of project/technical coordinator)l                                      5,000       5,000       5,000     15,000
Equipment (2 PCs + laser printer) including consumables                                                                                       0
Operational expenses (e.g. transportation, communication, etc.)                                                                               0
13. Monitoring and evaluation                                                                                                       15,000    15,000
TOTAL                                                                                              11,400   183,400     132,400     77,800    405,000


       Flexibility in allocating funds existed for all other components except those reflected for technical assistance.
This is consistent with GEF reporting guidelines.




                                                                                                                                                         29
                                                                    Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


Table 6. Budget for the proposed activities showing GEF and Government of Bahrain’s
contributions
                                                                              COST GEF          GOV        Total
Activities in Second National Communication                                       (US$)        (US $)      (US$)
I. PROJECT IMPLEMENTING WORKSHOP                                              4,000                      4,000
II. END OF PROJECT WORKSHOP                                                   3,000                      3,000
III. NATIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES                                                   6,000                      6,000
IV. ESTABLISHMENT OF INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK –                                22,000                     22,000
MEETINGS OF THE TWGs, NST, etc
V. NATIONAL GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORIES                                        55,000                     55,000
VI. PROGRAMMES CONTAINING MEASURES TO FACILITATE                              51,000          40,000     91,000
ADEQUATE ADAPTATION (GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF STEPS)
Vulnerability assessment and Adaptation to the adverse effects of climate
change
VII. PROGRAMMES CONTAINING MEASURES TO MITIGATE                               42,000          33,000     75,000
CLIMATE CHANGE (GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF STEPS)
Steps for formulating programs to mitigate climate change
VIII. OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION                                              71,000
  a. Development and Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies
  b. Research and Systematic Observation
  c. Education, Training and Public Awareness)
  d. Integration of Climate Change Concerns into Sustainable Development
     Plans and Programme
  e. Information and Networking
  f. Capacity Building
IX. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE                                                      55,000
X. CONSTRAINTS & GAPS, RELATED FINANCIAL, TECHNICAL                           6,000
& CAPACITY BUILDING NEEDS
XI. PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF THE SNC                                   14,800          23,000     37,800
XII. PROJECT MANAGEMENT (BASED ON 3 YEARS DURATION)                           60,200          126,000    186,200
XIII. MONITORING AND REPORTING                                                15,000          15,000     30,000
TOTAL (US$)                                                                   405,000         237,000    642,000




                                                                                                        30
                                                                Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


6. TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING
61.   The INC project had not provided sufficient opportunities for capacity-building in various
      areas, it is clear that the development of “human, scientific, technological, organizational,
      institutional and resources capabilities” of Bahrain to address issues relating to climate
      change is still needed.


62.   A key recommendation of both the self-assessment exercise and UNEP/GEF’s evaluation
      report is to substantially strengthen national human, technical, scientific, technological,
      informational and institutional capacities to assist Bahrain to better respond to the climate
      change challenges. For that reason, developing and sustaining effective and efficient
      national capacities during the preparation course of the intended SNC represents a key
      objective of this project. Certainly, without capacity-building at all levels, climate change
      activities will not be sustainable. Thus, capacity building will be the major focus of this
      proposed project, and each proposed activity has included the element for capacity building.


63.   The SNC project will make use of the capacity built and institutional arrangements that
      were set up during the INC preparation. However, capacity building activities will still form
      part of the project and will be provided through training workshops, and encouragement of
      the information exchange between the national and relevant regional and international
      institutions. This is to augment the existing capacity, as well as address capacity gaps that
      were identified during the SNC stocktaking exercise, and in the ongoing climate change
      mitigation projects in The Kingdom of Bahrain.


64.   Capacity building within the environmental agency (i.e., GDEWP) will be promoted by its
      proposed role as a national execution body. Additionally, the contribution of the staff of
      GDEWP in climate change activities will be encouraged to ensure the sustainability of the
      acquired capabilities, which will be further developed through in-house training. At the end
      of the project, a Climate Change Unit (CCU) comprised from the staff of Public
      Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife
      (PCPMREW) will be established. The CCU will then tackle all matters pertaining to
      climate change. Each national working team will be commissioned to prepare and conduct a
      workshop under its activities in collaborating with GDEWP.


65.   Addition adequate training opportunities for teams members will be considered as priority.
      All will be guided to attend national, and where possible regional, technical, scientific,
      informational and institutional training workshops. By strengthening institutional capacity
      to prepare inventories and establishing a trained, sustainable inventory team, the project will
      help The Kingdom of Bahrain to reduce uncertainties and improve the quality of inventories
      for subsequent National Communication. This, in turn, will allow the country to improve
      national strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Table 7 illustrates the main
      workshops and training needed for all team members through the 3 years.




                                                                                                   31
                                                                                                                    Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain




Table 7: Workshops, Training and Capacity Building
                                                                                           2007   2008                  2009                  2010
                                                                                           Q4     Q1     Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1     Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1     Q2   Q3

1. Inception Workshops
1. Inception Workshop

2. Finalizing & Reviewing and Presenting Main Chapters Workshops
2.1. Presenting the results of the finding of National circumstances and obtain comments
from the stakeholders
2.2. Presenting the results of the finding of GHG Inventory Chapter and obtain
comments from the stakeholders
2.3. Presenting the results of the finding of Mitigation Chapter and obtain comments
from the stakeholders
2.4. Presenting the results of the finding of V& A and obtain comments from the
stakeholders

3. Quarterly Meetings/Workshops of the Thematic Working Groups
4. Annual National Consultation Workshop
5. Launching Workshop
National Workshop (SNC Launch)

6. Technical Training
6.1. National training workshop on IPCC Technical guidelines and IPCC Good Practice
Guidance applications for each relevant sector
6.2. Strengthening of human, scientific, technical and institutional capacity, including
participation in regional/subregional workshops and expert training
6.3. Training on new versions of WEAP, Century, SPUR, DSSAT models, Integrated
Assessment (IA) and IA Modelling and gathering these models
6.4. Training on LEAP and MARKAL and other models
6.5. Training on the use of ESTIS




                                                                                                                                                               32
                                                                                          Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain



Appendix-1: List of Local/National Specialist
  Name                                        Specialization                     Organiation Email
1. Asadullah Ahmed Al_Ajimi, PhD.             Soil & Irrigation                  AGU              Asadullah@agu.edu.bh
2. Asma Ali Abdu- Rahman Abahussain, PhD.     Geology-Geochemistry               AGU              asma@agu.edu.bh
3. Mohamed Ait Belaid, Prof.                  Geodetic & Remote Sensing          AGU              belaid@agu.edu.bh
4. 4. Ibrahim Abdel Gelil, PhD.               Chemical Engineering               AGU              ebrahimas@agu.edu.bh
5. Sabah Saleh Aljenaid, PhD.                 Environment, Technology (GIS/RS)   AGU              sabah@agu.edu.bh
6. Waleed Khalil Zubari, Pro.                 Hydrogeology                       AGU              waleed@agu.edu.bh
7. Ghazi N. Al-Karaki, Prof                   Plant Physiology & Ecology         AGU              alkarakig@yahoo.com
8. Anwar S. Abdo, PhD.                        Geography/Environment              AGU              anwar@agu.edu.bh
9. Nadir A.Hameed, MSc                        Geology/GIS                        AGU              nadir@agu.edu.bh
10. Yahia Abdelrahman Othman, MSc.            Agronomy and Horticulture          AGU              yahyiao@agu.edu.bh
11. Maha Mahmood AlSabbagh, MSc.                                                 AGU              mahamw@agu.edu.bh

12.   Saeed Abdulla Mohamed Al Khuzai, PhD.   Ecology                            AlReem           saeed@alreem.com
13.   Mohammad S. Abido, PhD.                 Ecology and Forest Sciences        Co/AGU           mhdabido@scs-net.org
14.   Ghaleb Faour, PhD.                      ICZM/Remote Sensing                Co/AGU           atlasliban@hotmail.com
15.   Adel AlZaiani                           Marine                             Co/AGU

16.   Hashim Ahmed Al-Sayed, PhD.             Biological Oceanography            UOB              halsayed@sci.uob.bh
17.   Jameel Abdulla Abbas Al Khuzai, PhD.    Plant Ecology                      UOB              jameelab@sci.uob.bh
18.   Awatef mahdi Hassan Mahdi, PhD.         Chemistry                          UOB              awatef@sci.uob.bh
19.   Qaher A. Mandeel, PhD.                  Mycology & Phytopathology          UOB              qmandeel@sci.uob.bh
20. Khadija Zainal, PhD, PGD                  Marine Biology                     UOB              kzainal@sci.uob.bh
21. Majeed Safar Jasim                        Chemical & Process Engineering     UOB              drmajeed@gmail.com


                                                                                                                             33
                                                                   Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain


  Name                             Specialization            Organiation Email
22.   Saeed Al-Alawi, PhD.         Chemistry                 UOB
23.   Ahmed Y. Ali Mohamed, PhD.   Chemistry-Inorganic       UOB
24.   Ameera AlHaddad, PhD.        Environment/Chemistry     UOB
25.   Sadiq AlAlawi, PhD.          Air Pollution/Chemistry   UOB
26.   Maheen Dairi, PhD.           Zoology                   UOB
27.   A.Ameer Al-Laith, PhD.                                 UOB
28.   Luma Sakhnini, PhD.          Physics                   UOB
29.   Waheeb AlNaseer, Prof        Physics                   UOB
30.   Shawqi AlDalal, Prof         Physics                   UOB




                                                                                                      34
                                                                                                       ‫‪Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain‬‬



      ‫‪Appendix-2: List of Stakeholders‬‬

                                                         ‫أرقام‬
   ‫الموبايل‬          ‫البريد االلكتروني‬         ‫فاكس‬                ‫جهة العمل‬                         ‫المنصب‬                             ‫االسم‬                ‫الرقم‬
                                                        ‫االتصال‬
‫74476493‬      ‫‪alquraan_aek@bapco.net‬‬        ‫25555771‬   ‫06655771‬                     ‫بابكو‬              ‫مستشار شؤون البيئة‬        ‫احمد إبراهيم خالد القرعان‬    ‫1‬

‫13910693‬      ‫‪ameenams@agu.edu.bh‬‬           ‫41918671‬   ‫54927871‬    ‫بلدية المنطقة الوسطي‬              ‫اخصائية توعية وإرشاد‬               ‫امينة محمد السندي‬     ‫2‬

                                                       ‫73662771‬
              ‫‪ahmed.basheer@mew.gov.bh‬‬      ‫86732771‬                     ‫وزارة الكهرباء‬            ‫مدير إدارة إنتاج الكهرباء‬               ‫أحمد علي بشير‬      ‫3‬
                                                       ‫50662771‬

‫95665663‬      ‫‪raayha@hotmail.com‬‬            ‫71163871‬                      ‫الحياة الفطرية‬                 ‫مرشد سياحي بيئي‬       ‫جعفر أحمد عاشور أبو حميد‬       ‫4‬

‫10251493‬      ‫‪haljabal@mof.gov.bh‬‬           ‫17737756‬   ‫17575756‬            ‫وزارة المالية‬                      ‫اقتصادي أول‬               ‫حسن عبدهللا محمد‬      ‫5‬

‫36609063‬      ‫‪hussains@environment.gov.bh‬‬              ‫27157871‬             ‫إدارة الرقابة‬                      ‫اخصائي بيئة‬       ‫حسين علي إبراهيم الصائغ‬      ‫6‬

‫74262693‬      ‫‪hanana@environment.gov.bh‬‬                ‫38157871‬            ‫الرقابة البيئية‬                ‫اخصائي بيئة أول‬                       ‫حنان حيدر‬     ‫7‬
                                                                                                    ‫‪general manager‬‬
‫06457793‬      ‫‪kmmalk@greenpower.com.bh‬‬      ‫02173771‬   ‫06673771‬   ‫‪power wll green‬‬                                                         ‫خالد محمود ملك‬      ‫8‬
                                                                                                           ‫‪operation‬‬
‫07402663‬      ‫‪noor142@hotmail.com‬‬           ‫99232471‬                ‫جمعية الشباب والبيئة‬        ‫عضو جمعية الشباب والبيئة‬             ‫خديجة حسن عبد علي‬        ‫9‬

                                                                                             ‫اختصاصية مناهج العلوم للتعليم‬
‫57305693‬      ‫‪f_7amado_979@hotmail.com‬‬      ‫27434271‬   ‫08584271‬    ‫وزارة التربية والتعليم‬                                      ‫خلود يوسف عبدهللا بوجيري‬       ‫01‬
                                                                                                                     ‫الثانوي‬
                                            ‫10367271‬                                            ‫رئيس مجموعة صحة المياه‬
‫92955493‬      ‫‪kmohammed2@health.gov.bh‬‬                 ‫75297271‬           ‫وزارة الصحة‬                                          ‫خليل إبراهيم علي محمد ربيع‬     ‫11‬
                                            ‫71297271‬                                                         ‫والمؤسسات‬
                                                                  ‫برنامج علوم الصحراء‬
‫72417763‬      ‫‪anwar@agu.edu.bh‬‬              ‫93271‬      ‫80693271‬                                                                     ‫د أنور شيخ الدين خليل‬     ‫21‬
                                                                      ‫واألراضي القاحلة‬
                                                                                               ‫مديرة برنامج علوم الصحراء‬
‫19229693‬      ‫‪asma@agu.edu.bh‬‬               ‫25593271‬   ‫04893271‬     ‫جامعة الخيلج العربي‬                                             ‫د. اسماء علي أبا حسين‬     ‫31‬
                                                                                                        ‫واالراضي القاحلة‬
‫17744693‬      ‫‪saeed@alreem.com‬‬              ‫87601771‬   ‫86801771‬   ‫جمعيـة التاريخ الطبيعي‬                            ‫الرئيـس‬           ‫د. سعيد عبدهللا محمد‬    ‫41‬




                                                                                                                                                      ‫53‬
                                                                                                               ‫‪Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain‬‬



                                                            ‫أرقام‬
   ‫الموبايل‬          ‫البريد االلكتروني‬         ‫فاكس‬                       ‫جهة العمل‬                          ‫المنصب‬                         ‫االسم‬                 ‫الرقم‬
                                                           ‫االتصال‬
              ‫‪kadhem.madan@mew.gov.bh‬‬          ‫98114571‬   ‫87564571‬       ‫وزارة الكهرباء والماء‬                  ‫مهندس كميائي أول‬           ‫د. كاظم حسين مدن‬        ‫51‬

              ‫‪lamyafm@egu.edw.bh‬‬                          ‫03593271‬        ‫جامعة الخيلج العربي‬                         ‫استاذ مشارك‬               ‫د. لمياء فيصل‬      ‫61‬

‫98004493‬      ‫‪mshehab@health.gov.bh‬‬            ‫45307271‬   ‫45307271‬              ‫وزارة الضحة‬                      ‫طبيبة صحة مهنية‬                  ‫د. مها شهاب‬      ‫71‬

              ‫.‪haitham.alqahtani@bahrain.edb‬‬                                                         ‫نائب الرئيس لقطاعات الخدمات‬
‫13358693‬                                       ‫88998571‬   ‫71998571‬    ‫مجلس التنمية االقتصادي‬                                            ‫د. هيثم عيسي القحطاني‬      ‫81‬
              ‫‪com‬‬                                                                                                       ‫المعرفية‬

                                                                                                      ‫اخصاسية تعليم - المنسق العام‬
‫90300493‬      ‫‪zakeyaahmed@yahoo.com‬‬            ‫75108671‬                  ‫وزارة التربية والتعليم‬                                           ‫زكية أحمد علي زادة‬       ‫91‬
                                                                                                            ‫واالقليمي لبرنامج جلوب‬

                                                                                                      ‫اخصائي انشطة طالبية / نائب‬
‫29874893‬      ‫‪saeedmansoorzo@hotmail.com‬‬       ‫67094471‬                   ‫جمعية البحرين للبيئة‬                                             ‫سعيد منصور عبدهللا‬      ‫02‬
                                                                                                        ‫رئيس جمعية البحرين للبيئة‬

‫02131693‬      ‫‪suzana@environment.gov.bh‬‬        ‫51647871‬   ‫04157871‬                ‫شؤون البئية‬                    ‫أخصائي مناخ أول‬         ‫سوزان محمد العجاوي‬        ‫12‬

                                                                                                      ‫مدير إدارة البرامج االجتماعية‬    ‫صباح بن حمد بن عبدهللا‬
                                               ‫47718671‬   ‫27827871‬         ‫المحافظة الموسطي‬                                                                        ‫22‬
                                                                                                                   ‫وشؤون المجتمع‬                        ‫الخليفة‬

‫43697893‬      ‫‪aalsayed@itc.uob.bh‬‬              ‫95812771‬   ‫23112771‬        ‫مركز االبداع الشبابي‬             ‫اخصائي حاسب آلي أول‬                      ‫عالية السيد‬    ‫32‬


‫38380493‬      ‫‪rahman.darwish@mew.gov.bh‬‬        ‫61582771‬   ‫15562771‬      ‫وزارة الكهرباء والماء‬        ‫رئيس محطتي المنامة والمحرق‬        ‫عبدالرحمن حسن درويش‬         ‫42‬

‫52321993‬      ‫‪etaf.chehade@atkins.bh‬‬           ‫05531271‬   ‫04431271‬                       ‫اتكنز‬                         ‫مهندسة بيئة‬               ‫عطاف شحادة‬        ‫52‬
                                                                     ‫المركز الوطني االستشاري‬
‫74694693‬      ‫‪alawi@oshocentre.com‬‬             ‫53377871‬   ‫43377871‬    ‫لخدمات الصحة والسالمة‬                          ‫المدير التنفيذي‬           ‫علوي شبر علي‬        ‫62‬
                                                                                      ‫المهنية‬

‫88898693‬      ‫‪bujaber@soulthern.gov.bh‬‬         ‫85005771‬   ‫50005771‬           ‫المحافظة الجنوبية‬    ‫مدير إدارة الخدمات وبرامج التنمية‬     ‫علي إبراهيم األنصاري‬       ‫72‬


‫32010493‬      ‫‪alih@environment.gov.bh‬‬          ‫51647871‬   ‫24157871‬                ‫شؤون البئية‬               ‫رئيس قسم التقويم البيئي‬         ‫علي جاسم الحسابي‬       ‫82‬




                                                                                                                                                           ‫63‬
                                                                                                                  ‫‪Implementing Report\Kingdom of Bahrain‬‬



                                                              ‫أرقام‬
   ‫الموبايل‬          ‫البريد االلكتروني‬          ‫فاكس‬                         ‫جهة العمل‬                          ‫المنصب‬                            ‫االسم‬                 ‫الرقم‬
                                                             ‫االتصال‬
‫99843493‬      ‫‪youth_enviro_ass@hotmail.com‬‬       ‫99232471‬   ‫99843493‬       ‫جمعيـة الشبـاب والبيئـة‬                      ‫أمين السر العام‬          ‫عيسى خليل الشمالن‬       ‫92‬
                                                                                                       ‫مهندس أول بقسم ترشيد إستهالك‬
‫74005693‬      ‫‪mahfoodh55@yahoo.com‬‬               ‫18482771‬   ‫45041871‬        ‫وزارة الكهرباء والماء‬                                               ‫عيسى محفوظ إبراهيم‬       ‫03‬
                                                                                                                               ‫المياه‬
                                                                            ‫وزارة شؤون البلديات‬       ‫مخطط اول تنمية سواحل - رئيس‬
‫36776763‬      ‫‪feras@alayam.com‬‬                              ‫97110571‬                                                                        ‫فراس عباس امين ابو أمين‬      ‫13‬
                                                                        ‫والزراعة وشؤون البلديات‬                  ‫وحدة تنمية السواحل‬

‫77527793‬      ‫‪fdoseri@commerce.gov.gh‬‬        ‫08123571‬       ‫19947571‬     ‫وزارة الصناعة والتجارة‬            ‫اخصائي حماية مستهلك أول‬              ‫فرح سلمان الدوسري‬        ‫23‬

‫32143693‬      ‫‪amukhareq@noga.gov.bh‬‬          ‫87219271‬       ‫55391371‬    ‫الهيئة الوطنية للنفط والغاز‬                     ‫مهنس نفط اول‬      ‫م. عدنان سعيد محمد المخرق‬      ‫33‬

‫68778693‬      ‫‪wthawadi@mun.gov.bh‬‬            ‫39033371‬       ‫76363371‬                 ‫بلدية المحرق‬          ‫رئيس قسم التفتيش والمتابعة‬          ‫م. وليد محمود الذوادي‬     ‫43‬


‫68468693‬      ‫‪malnoaim@batelco.com.bh‬‬        ‫67279671‬       ‫77769671‬     ‫وزارة البلديات والزراعة‬       ‫مدير إدارة مصادر المياه بالوكالة‬           ‫مبارك آمان النعيمي‬     ‫53‬

                                                                              ‫برنامج األمم المتحدة‬
‫77566693‬      ‫‪malsharif@undp.org‬‬             ‫00511371‬                                                                            ‫منسق‬                ‫محمد آل شريف‬        ‫63‬
                                                                                           ‫اإلنمائي‬

              ‫‪mariamma@environment.gov.b‬‬
‫95333893‬                                     ‫51647871‬       ‫44157871‬                  ‫شؤون البئية‬                         ‫اخصائي بيئة‬                 ‫مريم االنصاري‬      ‫73‬
              ‫‪h‬‬

‫50002693‬      ‫‪nader@caa.gov.bh‬‬               ‫03602371‬       ‫54092371‬        ‫إدارة األرصاد الجوية‬                     ‫أخصائي مناخ أول‬          ‫نادر أحمد عبدهللا محمود‬    ‫83‬

‫73170663‬      ‫‪nadir@agu.edu.bh‬‬                              ‫13593271‬         ‫جامعة الخيلج العربي‬      ‫اختصاصي نظم معلومات جغرافية‬                ‫نادر عبدالحميد محمد‬     ‫93‬

                                                                       ‫شركة غاز البحرين الوطنية‬          ‫هندسة كيميائية - منسق لألمور‬
‫56370763‬      ‫‪hajar@banagas.com.bh‬‬           ‫1996571‬        ‫62325771‬                                                                          ‫هاجر غالي راشد مبارك‬       ‫04‬
                                                                                        ‫( بناغاز)‬                      ‫البيئية والجودة‬




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