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English IV Poetry Portfolio 4th 9 Weeks Objective: Create a personal portfolio containing original poetry, poetry analysis, personal comments, biographies, quotes, and graphics. Portfolio Contents: 1. Book Jacket (Illustrations) 5. Analysis of 4 Original Poems (Classmates) 2. Glossary of Poetic Devices (Poetic Devices) 6. Analysis of 3 Modern Poems (Modern Poets) 3. Quotes (Personal/Philosophical) 7. Analysis of 3 Classic Poems (Classic Poets) 4. 10 Original Poems (Student) 8. Poet Biography (Poet) 9. Picture Poetry (PowerPoint) Directions: BOOK JACKET Create a portfolio book jacket to house all of your work. Set the tone for the contents with the design of your portfolio book jacket. Art work may be original material, a collage, photos, print outs or any other artistic materials. It must, however, be school appropriate! GLOSSARY Define 25 words from the list of poetic devices. Describe 10 words through illustration. (original or found) QUOTES Find 7 philosophical quotes that are meaningful to you. Write 3 personal quotes that are meaningful to you. ORIGINAL POEMS Poems must be original! Poem must have the poetic style listed in the right hand corner. No single couplets or quatrains! You may not repeat poetic styles. ANALYSIS Analysis papers must at least 1 page. You may not analyze the same poet twice. Analyze the poems by looking at the diction, imagery, details, language, syntax (DIDLS) & tone. The analyzed poem must be stapled to the back of the analysis. How to – Poetry Analysis BIOGRAPHY Gather pertinent information on your selected poet, focusing on biographical information that may have influenced the poet’s choice of subject matter and /or the poet’s viewpoint on his/her subject matter. Find information on the decade(s) in which your poet lived and composed. In a 500 word essay report your findings, in which you connect biographical information and decade influences to specific poems. Tell me how your poet’s poetry was inspired by their life and the time they lived in. Be sure to cite specific poems and personal events. A Works Cited page stapled to the back of your essay that follows the format provided in your previous notes. No two students may cover the same poet. PICTURE POETRY Pick a poem from your poet. Find images, pictures, video, audio, etc. that will mirror the poem. Create a PowerPoint presentation depicting the poem (at least 5 slides). REMEMBER All papers must be typed, double spaced, and have a title centered. Headings: All papers must include name, date, and class in the left hand corner. Poetry Styles: Found Acrostic Tanka Nursery Rhymes Free Verse Sonnet I Can’t Poems Ode Epic Lyrics Ballad Fable Limericks Didactic Shape Poetry Cinquain Haiku Quatrain Renga Glossary of Poetic Devices Poems To Be Discussed: (The following page numbers are in our English IV Literature books. They are also linked for your viewing pleasure on the net.) “Ah Are You Digging on My Grave” pg.1072 1 “My Last Duchess” pg. 944 2 “She Walks in Beauty” pg. 848 3 “When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be” pg. 880 Sonnet 43 “How Do I Love Thee” - pg. 952 5/5.5 “The Chimney Sweeper” pg. 776 6 “Infant Sorrow” online 7 “The Lamb and the Tyger” pg. 770 & 774 8 “The World Is Too Much with Us” pg. 807 “The Lorelei” pg. 790 10 “Life in a Love” online “To an Athlete Dying Young” pg. 1060 “When I was One-and-Twenty” pg. 1064 “When You Are Old” pg. 1196 14 “The Hollow Men” pg. 1120 “The Diameter of the Bomb” online “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night” pg. 1182 Haiku 17 Basho - online Yosa Buson - online Kobayashi Issa – online Name: Free Verse Date: (Poem Type) Class: or Analysis Title EXAMPLE Final Poetry Portfolio Check List 1. Poems =10pts Typed .5pts Headings .25pts Poem Type .25pts 1. Found 2. Nursery Rhyme 3. Acrostic 4. Free Verse 5. Ode 6. Ballad 7. Haiku 8. Renga 9. Slam 10. Rhyme 2. Peer Analysis =10pts Typed 2pts Headings .25pts Analyzed Poem .25pts Must be at least 1pg. 1. You can not analyze 2. the same person twice. 3. 4. 3. Classical Analysis =15pts Typed 2pts Headings 2pts Analyzed Poem 1pt 1. 2. 3. 4. Modern Analysis =15pts Typed 2pts Headings 2pts Analyzed Poem 1pt 1. 2. 3. 5. 25 Poetic Terms =10pts Typed 2pt Headings 2pts Examples 2pts Illustrated 4pts 1. – 25. 6. Book Jacket =10pts Illustrated 5pts 1. 7. Poet Biography =10pts Typed 5pts Headings 5pts 1. 8. Picture Poetry =10pts Typed 2pts Headings 3pts Slides (at least 5) 5pts 1. 9. Quotes =10pts Typed 2pts Headings 2pts 3 Personal 2pts 7 Philosophical 4pts 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. How to Analyze Poetry An Easy Way To Begin To study or analyze poetry, one must consider many elements. A good way to start is by reading the poem silently. Then read the poem a second (third, fourth) time aloud. Reading the poem aloud makes its meaning clearer and you will hear the various poetic sound devices such as alliteration, rhyme, rhythm, etc. Then try writing down a brief summary to make sure that you understand the poem. Remember to read sentence by sentence not line by line. Questions To Answer Before Writing WWWCAP = 1. Who = is speaking? / To whom are they speaking? 2. What’s = happening? 3. Words = diction/language 4. Clues = Examples of abstract imagery / concrete imagery / denotation / connotation/ rhetorical devices / rhythm / meter / figurative devices / tone / rhyme scheme / theme 5. Authors Purpose = “The Why” DIDILS = 6. Diction = Adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, negative words, positive words, synonyms, contrast. Look at the words that jump out at you - Evaluate only those words to find tone 7. Imagery = Creates a vivid picture and appeals to the 5 senses. 8. Details = specifics the author includes about facts – s/he opinion 9. Language = Words that describe the entire body of words in a text – not isolated bits of diction 10. Syntax = Consider the patterns and structures, construction of sentences to convey attitude, and punctuation is included in syntax 11. SHIFTS IN TONE = Attitude change about topic/Attitude about topic is different than the attitude toward subject There is no real form to analyzing a poem, just as there is no static form to writing poetry. You must read and determine how the poem effects you and on what level. If you cannot find meaning in the poem (lazy!), or if it just “doesn’t make sense,” use the previous and the latter guidelines. Follow them and just answer the questions. Hope this helps! “Perhaps no person can be a poet, or can even enjoy poetry, without a certain unsoundness of mind.” ~Thomas Babington Macaulay Writing Your Paper The actual writing of the paper is probably the easiest task because you have already identified everything that needs to be covered. You may wish to cover all the important items in your own order; however, the order listed above does work well. Most likely you will not be able to simply write a few lines for each device, rather you must group these devices together. A proper order of paragraphs may flow like this: I. Dramatic Situation A. Who is speaking? B. To whom is that speaker speaking? C. What is the situation? D. What is the speaker's tone? II. Imagery III. Theme IV. Diction (word choice) A. Connotation (suggested meaning of words) B. Denotation (dictionary definition) C. Abstract (can only be understood intellectually) D. Concrete (words describing physical objects) E. Kinds of language 1. Figurative a. Metaphor (implied comparisons) b. Simile (comparison using 'like' or 'as') c. Personification (giving human characteristics to an inanimate object) 2. Rhetorical - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance) a. Irony (opposite of what is meant) b. Hyperbole (exaggeration) c. Allusion (reference to something) d. Pun (play on words) e. Paradox (contradictory) f. Oxymoron (self contradictory term) g. Litotes (form of understatement) V. Syntax (sentence structure) A. Length B. Transposed elements C. "Unusual" sentences VI. Conclusion ***Remember, when you are writing this paper you should use direct quotes wherever you can, you should vary your sentence structure, and all rules of grammar still apply. A Handbook of Rhetorical Devices 1. Alliteration 2. Anaphora 3. Anastrophe 4. Antistrophe 5. Antithesis 6. Aposiopesis 7. Apostrophe 8. Archaism 9. Assonance 10. Asyndeton 11. Cacophony 12. Catachresis 13. Chiasmus 14. Climax 15. Euphemism 16. Hyperbaton 17. Hyperbole 18. Irony 19. Litotes 20. Metaphor 21. Metonymy 22. Onomatopoeia 23. Oxymoron 24. Paradox 25. Personification 26. Polysyndeton 27. Simile 28. Syllepsis 29. Synchysis 30. Synecdoche 31. Synesis Figurative Language Devices Allegory - a symbolic representation i.e. The blindfolded figure with scales is an allegory of justice. Alliteration - the repetition of the initial consonant. There should be at least two repetitions in a row. i.e. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Allusion – A reference to a famous person or event in life or literature. i.e. She is as pretty as the Mona Lisa. Analogy - the comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship. i.e. shoe is to foot as tire is to wheel Assonance - the repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence. Climax - the turning point of the action in the plot of a play or story. The climax represents the point of greatest tension in the work. Foreshadowing - hints of what is to come in the action of a play or a story Hyperbole - a figure of speech involving exaggeration. Metaphor - A comparison in which one thing is said to be another. i.e. The cat's eyes were jewels, gleaming in the darkness. Onomatopoeia - the use of words to imitate the sounds they describe. i.e. The burning wood crackled and hissed. Oxymoron - putting two contradictory words together. i.e. bittersweet, jumbo shrimp, and act naturally Personification - is giving human qualities to animals or objects. i.e. The daffodils nodded their yellow heads. Pun - A word is used which has two meanings at the same time, which results in humor. Simile - figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though. i.e. She floated in like a cloud.
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