Where and when do you think these signs are from? Resources and Power in Post-Apartheid South Africa Essential Question ►Are resources and power distributed equally amongst the various ethnic groups in South Africa? A Brief History of South Africa ► First black South Africans arrived about 2,000 years ago. ► Boers, Dutch farmers, arrived in 1652. ► British farmers arrived in 1820. ► Asians arrived in the 1860s from India to work for British colonists. A Multiracial Society ►Black: African ►White: Dutch and British ►Colored: Mixed B & W ►Asian: Indian Apartheid (“Separateness”) ►: former official policy of separating people according to race. 1948-1991 Apartheid Social Hierarchy ►Whites had all political & economic power. ►Asians & coloreds were 2nd-class citizens. ►Blacks were the lowest class. forced to live in poor, rural areas. couldn’t move freely through the country. A South African Black Township under Apartheid A South African Apartheid Passbook Protests Lead to Change ►Nelson Mandela: Lawyer who led the fight to end apartheid. Jailed for 27 years for his protest ►Nearly 600 died in the struggle. ►Apartheid ended in 1991. ►Mandela was elected the country’s first black president. Later won the Nobel Peace Prize Waiting to Vote in Soweto, South Africa, 1994 Assignment: South Africa Graph Analysis ► ELT: Explain how the uneven distribution of resources can lead to conflict among cultural groups. ► Are resources equitably distributed amongst ethnic groups in South Africa today? ► Analyze various demographic graphs to find out? Works Cited "A South African Township." Web. 25 Oct 2010. <http://boerboel1.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/a-south-african- township-pic-getty-744778275.jpg>. "Defiance Campaign March in Johannesburg." BBC News. Web. 26 Oct 2010. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/5168176.stm>. "For Use by White Persons." Apartheid South Africa. Web. 24 Oct 2010. <http://www.southafrica.to/history/Apartheid/apartheid.htm>. Hart, Diane. Geography Alive Regions and People. Palo Alto, CA: Teacher's Curriculum Institute, 2006. 335-345. Print. "Nelson Mandela." Biography of Nelson Mandela. Web. 26 Oct 2010. <http://nelsonmandelafacts.com/>. "South Africa Passbook." UV April 2000. Web. 25 Oct 2010. <http://www.lagai.org/UV%20April%202004.html>. "Waiting to Vote in Soweto, South Africa, 1994." VOTE!. Web. 26 Oct 2010. <http://www.niaonline.com/ggmsblog/?p=7606>.
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