"Description of Send a Cow Uganda-"
Send a Cow Uganda Profile EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Send a Cow Uganda Plot 1 Ssemawata Road Ntinda P.O. Box 23627, Kampala, Uganda Tel: 256 414 286887, 39 700627/8 Fax: 256 414 286778 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.sendacowuganda.org A BRIEF OF SEND A COW UGANDA Send a Cow Uganda an organization that has linkage with small holder farmers in Uganda was founded in 1988 to help combat poverty and malnutrition which, had escalated because of long civil strife in the 1970s and 1980s with the major aim to empower the Ugandan rural needy farmers with modern sustainable organic farming skills in agriculture in order to improve their disposable incomes, food security, nutrition and quality of life. SACU assists the most vulnerable people, regardless of religious beliefs, gender, race, or ethnic background. Registered as a local Non-governmental organisation in 1997 in Uganda, SACU has a 7 members Board of governors. The organisation is headed by an Executive Director who reports to the Board. Four departmental teams manage the various functions of the organisation, namely Programmes Development, Finance and Administration, Social development, Quality compliance, gender and advocacy. The organisation has its headquarters in Kampala and three (3) operational teams based in Mbale for the east, Lira for the North and Kampala for central regions. Currently, SACU activities are spread in 35 districts of the country. In the central region (Mukono, Kampala, Wakiso, Mpigi, Luwero, Mubende, Kiboga, Mityana, Masaka, Rakai and in western region (Kabarole) districts; in eastern region (Kamuli, Pallisa, Budaka, Kumi, Bukedea, Soroti, Mbale, Manafwa, Bududa, Sironko, Tororo, Butaleja, Iganga, Bugiri, Mayuge and Busia districts); in northern region (Lira, Oyam, Apac, Gulu, Amuru, Nebbi, Arua and Maracha districts). Send a Cow Uganda (SACU) vision is a Uganda free of poverty and malnutrition, whose mission is to work with vulnerable people in Uganda to overcome poverty and malnutrition in a sustainable manner through the development of animal production, organic farming and local self-sustaining groups. SACU’s work emphasizes empowering communities to take charge of their own development and working in partnership with others such as community based organisations (CBOs)/self sustaining groups. SACU strongly believes that the, “development process belongs to the people”. Communities are seen as owners and managers of the development process. The community is always there before any outside development intervention and it will be there after the outsider has left. All together the organization has over 50 professionals. The skills mix ranges from financial, veterinary, agricultural and social work within SACU that makes it possible for SACU to assist the implementing partners in all technical and social matters relating to the implementation of sustainable projects. Through its country-wide network of additional 80 extension staff, SACU ensures that any skills unavailable in-house are brought in from other agencies including local government as and when required. 2 Experience with Development Programme In the last 21 years, Send a Cow Uganda has been strongly committed to working with vulnerable communities in Uganda to reduce poverty. The send a Cow’s success can be attested to the evaluations results conducted internal and externally by the donors ( Comic relief, EU, etc), that showed that poverty has been significantly reduced, even in the northern districts where work only began in earnest in 1999. SACU Programme has demonstrated that empowering community based organizations in Social skills such as Advocacy, gender and Human rights is sustainable. Provision of livestock, with appropriate and comprehensive training, enable farmers especially women, enables them to re-establish and then expand productivity in a sustainable manner. From a livelihoods perspective the livestock can be seen as a means of transforming one type of “asset” into another. In the language of the standard DFID model, natural assets, such as land, are transformed into financial assets through the sale of milk and other produce, which in turn are transformed into improving human assets by investing in education and better health care. SACU is now facilitating the development of over 250 projects in the field. These comprise of women, orphans and vulnerable Children and people with disability. The Social development component of SACU programme has been successful, based on rights-based programming, a framework for the analysis, planning, Implementation, monitoring and evaluation to development work with community based groups. Send A Cow appreciates that Human rights are the rights possessed by all persons, by virtue of their common humanity. They give all people moral claims on the behaviour of individuals and on the design of social arrangements to live a life of freedom and dignity. Human rights are universal, inalienable and indivisible. The international system of human rights is an expression of our deepest commitments to ensuring that all persons are secure in their enjoyment of the goods and freedoms that are necessary for dignified living. People with disabilities are highly marginalised not only by the community but even by their own families through SACU intervention has been able to sensitise the communities about disability and human rights In the recent past, Send a Cow Uganda (SACU) has promoted interventions that address gender inequalities in agriculture sector and household as a whole. By using an integrated approach to development using three prong of Livestock development, sustainable agriculture and Social development. The inclusion of cross cutting issues like HIV/AIDs, environment, Disability and gender has been powerful in refocusing development efforts on need to empower women and other vulnerable people and also help them to better manage their resources to secure their food security and income and foster sustainable development The SACU model that integrates Livestock management, sustainable organic agriculture and social development has been replicated elsewhere in areas with similar geo-climatic and social characteristics. Lessons learned have been used to design projects elsewhere in the country and the African region as a whole. An integrated cycling system has ensured food security, a clean environment, in addition to the new enterprises 3 developing that has provided more food, employment, improved incomes and contributes to general development of the target areas. From SACU experience in gender focused programming, Women and men have different tasks, responsibilities and roles and therefore different needs and interests. Traditionally women are the sole food and household providers in Uganda. Their difficulty in getting access to land and assets for food preparation will be solved by putting more efforts in gender relations. Thus, women can gain access to financing and an income of their own if facilitated to generate productive assets for sale. This generally results in greater self-esteem and an improvement in their social position. Extreme poverty causes a number of challenges to families and especially to women because of their inferior status in their families and the communities they live in. Through the SACU intervention the participating households have been able to have access to food, income, improved self esteem; some have taken up leadership roles in the communities and up to district level. Through SACU training programmes, issues like gender inequalities have been addressed in terms of education, sharing of work in the families, shared decision making and advocating for fair treatment girls and women in their communities, the OVC have been assisted to have access to food, clothing, to have mentors to provide (mother / father figure for the children. SACU has successfully achieved its major broad objectives Below1:- 1. To improve household food security – through Practicing sustainable organic agriculture has resulted into increased crop production, farmers are able to grow food throughout the year. The crop yields have increased as a result of the improved soil fertility. Farmers also use income from the sale of farm products to purchase a variety of food. Crops have been introduced in areas where they are not traditionally grown. 2. To improve nutrition - From the consumption of milk, eggs, meat, fish, vegetables and other crops grown. Most families have moved from having one meal a day to three meals a day. The training in nutrition has created awareness on the importance of a balanced diet; enabling the farmers to plan their meals better than before. Farmers have used income from the sale of surplus farm products to purchase nutritious food such as fish and meat. 3. To improve household income- household income of beneficiary households have more than doubled. Farmers have raised income from the sale of milk, crops and hiring of oxen for cultivation. The money has been invested in children’s education, paying for medical care and for purchasing basic household items. Some farmers have improved their housing and acquired other assets such as land, bicycles and motorcycles. 4. To improve environmental management Farmers have adopted farming practices that enhance environmental management. Principally, the programme promotes tree planting, soil and water conservation practices. Farmers have also adopted fuel saving technologies as well as practices of managing plastics. 1 Send A cow Uganda Evaluation results 2001 4 SACU work with groups other than individuals and respects the groups and individual rights to choose their development path. SACU provides the basic training needed for them to be successful in developing and managing their enterprises. SACU is a development orientated organisation and therefore does not provide free handouts or relief but concentrates in enabling the farmer partners to be able to acquire and pay- back for the assets provided. At the centre of its interventions is the principle of passing- on. What this means is a kind of “credit” which the farmer pays back in kind which can then be passed-on to another member of the group thus constituting the contract. Where there is need for cash injection SACU developed a revolving fund system where the farmers pay-back for whatever cash has been provided for. Additional market oriented systems could be built into this model to enable the farmers to acquire technologies which they would not have managed to acquire under normal circumstances. Zero grazing in SACU supported projects presently produces a by-product in the form of cow manure that is under-utilised. Although the manure is composted and returned to the soil as organic fertilisers, a major principle that is neglected is that manure could be utilised efficiently and by as many systems as possible before it is returned to the soil. The collection and utilisation of biogas ensures that this efficiency is archived. Moreover, this further reduces the aspect of global warming attributable to the free release of biogas into the atmosphere. SACU’s aspiration is to scale up her interventions to address gender inequalities in agriculture and agri business this will reduce on incidence of human rights violation like domestic related violence, increase gender equality and empower women. The lessons learnt will be used to influence policy arena and development programmes In pursuing the above SACU strategic Objectives will broadly be as outlined below: 1. increase gender equality and empower women in agriculture sector 2. Enhance sustainable use of land by providing training in improved productivity for food and cash crops. 3. empower Farmer communities with sufficient knowledge to influence and be able to participate in relevant policy making structures and to gain access to services supplied by the authorities or other agencies 4. Food security and sufficient income are the basic conditions for sustainable development in general and accomplishing. 5. To bring about changes in attitudes Project management Track records: Current and Past SACU project interventions Since inception, SACU has supported over 7,000 households in partnership with over 250 groups of women, people with disabilities and orphaned children. The organization has provided appropriate livestock and training in animal husbandry, sustainable organic agriculture training and socio-economic aspects to the beneficiaries. Crosscutting issues such as the environment, HIV/AIDS and gender have been taken into consideration. Name Program description Funding Budget source (Ushs) Restoration of Mainstreaming nutrition, gender DANIDA 85.1 M Agricultural Livelihoods equity, HIV / aids in RALNUC in Northern Uganda focused on improving agricultural Component (RALNUC) livelihoods and conditions of 5 is a component of ASPS farmers in northern Uganda. Danida HPI NETHERLANDS Children’s promise Livelihood projects for People Comic Relief/ 89.9 m living with orphans in Masaka , SAC UK Rakai districts and Kabarole NUSEP Livelihood and food security Comic Relief/ 3.2 program for women groups in SAC UK billion Eastern and Northern Uganda that focused on high impact of sustainable activities Kumi, Apac, Lira, Masaka Amuru and Gulu Districts, conflict area. With an overall goal of improving livelihood security for 6000 households in Uganda over a five-year period. FITCA Livelihood project in high MAAIF/ 423.3 prevalence of tsetse flies in eight EU m districts in 3 years. SPAW Livelihood for women groups in British High 49.8 m Kumi, HIV/AIDs mainstreamed as Commission parcel of intervention SGS Matching grants Establishment of zero grazing Rotary 486 m units in projects in Kumi, Apac, international/ Lira, Masaka over 5 years SAC UK SAPWD Livelihood programme for people Comic relief/ 634 m with disabilities. SAC UK Floods recovery project The project’s goal of improved SAC UK 850m food security for 2000 households. The project undertook key interventions in providing low external-input technologies like improved seeds, seedlings and saplings, improved livestock, and agricultural implements; and extension support to the benefiting households. MONITORING, REPORTING AND EVALUATION As demonstrated in the recent evaluations of SACU’s Programme, monitoring and evaluation systems have already been developed, which make it possible to evaluate the impact of the work in quantitative and qualitative terms. In keeping with SACU’s participatory approach to development, the M&E system has been built on community- developed indicators which are used to measure progress and impact of the programme as before. At the start of the programme a baseline survey is always conducted for the community and each benefiting farmer. A record form developed by SACU, together with farmer partners is used to keep farm data. The form is mainly pictorial for use by both literate and illiterate farmers. The information entered into these forms is validated by farmers working in cells of five households and the information is compiled by the 6 extension workers and presented at the quarterly extension staff meeting. The findings are used to review programme progress and to put in place timely corrective measures; as the need arises. Qualitative monitoring is effected through various follow-up visits by different players, including project extension workers, (who make regular visits to the farmers), farmers committees, and elected local council leaders, district coordinators, local government technical staff and SACU. Farmers are encouraged to have exchange visits within groups and to other groups to compare their progress with that of others. Compliance on legal regulatory i.e. payment of taxes The organization is registered as a company limited by guarantee with the registrar of companies as well as the NGO Board. Send a Cow has a governing Board composed of reputable members from both the British and Ugandan public. SACU has satisfied all legal requirements and is tax exempt except for other taxes like Pay As You Earn (PAYE) and withholding tax that the organization collects on behalf of Government from staff and suppliers, remittances have always been done in time. Over the last 20 years in existence SACU has never reneged on its tax obligation. For its workers SACU has fully complied with the statutory requirement to contribute to the employees’ savings in the NSSF pension scheme. Moreover SACU operates its own retirement benefit scheme for its workers. Institutional Sustainability (Organizational Financial Status) The method that SACU has been applying in running the programme ensures continuity even after funding has ended. The principle of passing on of a gift has a multiplier effect, which continues to expand the programme even when funding has ended. This multiplier effect sustains the project as more and more pass-on gifts are generated. For development to be sustainable, it is critical that the capacity of the beneficiary farmer partners is developed to enable the group to handle the continuous growth of the project. This growth is a natural outcome of livestock reproduction and skills being passed-on. For this reason a good proportion of SACU funding has been directed to Farmer group capacity training to ensure better management of the development process Send a Cow has Prioritized empowerment for community Based organization: to ensure that the key stakeholders understand, own and integrate implementation by networking and Partnership with different institutions in implementation, monitoring, advocacy and promotion of ownership of the project. At community level SACU has built the capacity of the community to harness their valuable resources and make investments resulting from enterprise development and from budgets of local governments. Efforts have been made towards building community capacity to organize themselves into associations in order to access government resources. Sustainable agricultural practices: Send a Cow has facilitated the farmer groups/association and model farmers to promote community based agricultural technology transfer through farmer-to-farmer and group discussions approaches in 7 which the farmers generate their own initiatives/alternatives to solving their problems using the farmer field school approach which has been tested and adopted by different CSO including FAO. Adoption of improved agriculture production technologies has been increased through establishment of result-oriented demonstration plots by the groups/associations. promotion of adoption of organic farming as a production system that excludes the use of synthetically compounded farm inputs but relies on the natural cycle of organic matter for long-term soil maintenance and other soil replenishing practices that include composting, use of farmyard manure, fertility trenches, and bio-rational for pest control. Financial sustainability and management systems The Organisation started 20 years ago with Send A Cow UK as the major donor. The budget commitment has been growing over the years and now stands at 1 million pounds. We have over the years also attracted funds from other donors and government of Uganda SACU Uganda follows the cash basis of accounting. This enables consistently applied reporting from period to period. Some income and expenses are recorded as an accrual when incurred (benefits and services received) and not when cash is received or paid. SACU Uganda financial management system is in compliance with international accounting standards. SAC Uganda uses the Pastel computerized accounting system. A standardized chart of accounts classifies transactions to project, expense, donor, and cost centre codes. The project accounting system uses a separate code for cash grant and donor to enable separate accounting and reporting. The project accounting system requires the input of vouchers including the deposit, cash disbursement, and journal. Entries from vouchers are posted weekly to the cash and general journal. Monthly total of each entry (local currency) are converted to foreign currency as required by specific donor using the prevailing exchange rates provided by major banks. A general ledger is produced by Pastel after the input of vouchers. Computerized financial reports such as balance sheet, income statement, aging analysis, and grant reports are produced reflecting grant to date (GTD), year to date (YTD), and balances. SACU financial and cash disbursement systems are well designed from an internal control perspective and functioning as designed. Audits are conducted on annual basis by reputable audit firms, for over 10 years by PriceCooperwaterhouse and more recently have changed to (Ernest and Young) see recent audit report for the year ended 30th June 2008. Stakeholder analysis Send a Cow collaborates with a range of organisations and farmers with which the organisation enjoys synergies and resources. Without a doubt, the contributions of the organisations mentioned below forms a solid backbone to SACU’s operations. 1. Donors: These provide financial support for expanding on the zero-grazing units.SAC UK is the founder and main donor contributing on average GBP1.Million per year. SAC UK’s contribution comes from the British public as well as grants institutions amongst which 8 are Comic Relief, Christadelphian Church, and other organisations. In this regard SACU has been managing and reporting to these funding institutions. HPI Netherlands is the most recent organisation to fund SACU. The organisation in based in the Netherlands is looking forwards to increasing its contribution to SACU. Currently 2 project partners in Butalejja are financed for 3 years up to December 2011. Over the last 4 years SACU was contracted by Farming in Tsetse fly Controlled Areas (FITCA) Project (funded by the European Union) to implement a zero-grazing programme in high Tsetse fly infested areas. FITCA is a project under the ministry of agriculture animal industry and fisheries. Tsetse fly is a vector for trypanosomiasis which causes nagana in cattle and sleeping sickness in man. This project will run up to June 2010. DANIDA’s Agricultural Sector Programme Support has recently contracted SACU to implement its gender and nutritional component of its 5 year Agricultural support to Northern Uganda. This project will be completed in June 2009. Century Bottling Company has donated zero-grazing cattle to child-headed households in Southern Uganda. This will be a one-off livestock injection which will be placed in June/July 2009. 2. Government organisations Governemnet and its associated institution provide policy and regulatory frameworks for SACU’s operations. They also form strategic alliance with SACU. MAAIF – SACU has a memorandum of understanding with the government of Uganda, through the ministry of Agriculture animal Industry and Fisheries. Under this agreement SACU can collaborate with the ministry in carrying out extension, action research and share information. The organisation has in the past got tax exemptions for acquiring vehicles and other assets. Recently, the office of the Vice president’s invited SACU to participate in its widely popular programme of Prosperity for All. This programme aims at championing improving farmers’ income to U Shs20 million per year by introducing range enterprises for income generation. SACU has been selected to the inter-ministerial committee which steers this programme. The Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of Uganda recently officiated at the SACU 20th Anniversary celebration which was peaked with a dinner on September 25th 2008. She pledged to be SACU’s ambassador of goodwill wherever she went. Office of the Prime Minister has excellent relationship with SACU, and are increasingly collaborating with the organisation in furthering economic development in its programmes especially in the East and Northern Uganda National Animal Genetic Resources Centre and Data Bank (NAGRC& DB) collaborates with SACU in livestock breeding. Uganda Cooperative Alliance, has is the most recent entrant on the list of collaborations with SACU. Under this arrangement SACU is looking into developing links for its partner farmers to benefit from the Warehousing Receipt System scheme which enables farmers to access credit using warehouse receipts as security, while their produce is stored in designated licensed warehouses. Uganda Industrial Research Institute is an umbrella forerunner for industrial and small- scale appropriate technologies. SACU is currently forging relationship with this institute 9 in order to identify small-scale technologies that may be used by its partner groups to improve on their productivity. NARO if the umbrella research organisation which has worked with SACU to extend sound production innovations to from the research findings at the its institutions to the farm level. The research findings so far benefiting SACU farmers include high yielding groundnut seed, mosaic resistant cassava varieties, vitamin-rich sweet potatoes planting materials, and high yielding sorghum and millet seeds for drier areas. 3. Private sector The private sector provides the economic environment for SACU and its partners. Enterprise Uganda has been mentoring SACU on issues of entrepreneurial skills development. It is a body financed by UNDP and government of Uganda to help entrepreneurs to improve their businesses The New Vision newspaper has been a strategic alliance for media and publicity SACU. The paper runs columns for the organisation aimed at promoting its model and image. NOGAMU is the strong umbrella organisation of organic sector. Its members include farmers, processors, exporters and academic institutions. SACU and its partner farmers are members of this association. Friends’ Consult Limited is a business development consultancy firm. Even when SACU is a NGO its intends to develop sources of income for building its reserves by creating satellite profitable ventures which would acts as sources of funds for SACU work. The Association of Indian Community in Uganda has for the last six months been forging relationships with SACU. The aim is to give avenue for the Asian business community to participate in SACU’s work. NEPTUNE an oil exploration company in West Nile is in contact with SACU to implement similar interventions to the people in the oil exploration area of Obongi. East African Energy Technology Development Network – Uganda and Special Energy Program Limited are private companies engaged in selling biogas plants on a commercial basis in the country. SACU has partnered with them to train some of the artisans used by the organisation to construct bio-gas plants for partner farmers. They have a team of biogas technicians who can be relied upon to deliver services. 4. NGOs The active collaborations with other NGOs provide a means of sharing information, resources and synergies. They include the following. PELLUM (an umbrella organisation for agriculture based NGOs) World Vision (a partner in child-headed households in Rakai Christian Children’s Fund with whom SACU partnered to implement projects in Pallisa and in Gulu and Amuru districts. HPI Uganda is a like organisation with which SACU implement similar interventions, thus sharing information, challenges, approaches and values. Mildmay ahs just recently started collaborating with SACU on HIV/AIDS issues. 10 Land O’ Lakes Inc has partnered with SACU in the development of milk marketing systems especially in milk cooling and distribution. Church of Uganda and the Catholic Church has partnered with SACU to deliver services to over 20 groups of farmers in Wakiso, Mukono, and Teso areas. 5. Farmer Partners Currently SACU supports 250 farmer groups with over 7,200 households,these groups are mostly CBOs. These partner farmers are the core clientele of SACU. In the next 3 years, the cumulative number of households ever supported by SACU is expected to rise above 20,000. 11