Renewable energy Possible discussion points • In the field of renewable energy there are already many stakeholders already on the field. • These include technical, environmental, energy sector, private entrepreneurs, farmers and food industry. • Important aspect of the objective to increase the portion of renewable energy is to reduce total energy use. • In general to use less energy consuming methods in agriculture can directly decrease use of fossil fuel and probable contribute more than possible by replacing fossil fuel with renewable. • Agricultural part of the sector is mainly regarding bio energy. • That includes utilization of the organic material available in agriculture and direct cultivation of energy crops. • To increase the usage of agricultural products for energy (in form of fuel, heat or electricity) the conditions and needs of present production systems must be taken into account: Geographical distribution of farming affects the feasibility of centralized bio- energy plants vs. farm based plants. Important component in farm based fuel (e.g. methane) production can be to produce the fuel needed on the farm rather than selling it to other customers. There is in the Nordic region a wide range in the size of farms. This variability must be taken into account in the technical solutions provided and the financial part of the project. There is also a large variability in the quality of the organic matter available that must be considered. The maintenance of the nutrient cycle must be taken into account in structuring fuel production in agriculture One contribution of agriculture to the energy sector can be cultivation of energy crops.. Cultivation of energy crops competes with other land use e.g. traditional agriculture In some areas it might be possible to combine cultivation of energy crops to harvesting from areas here to left un- harvested. This might include revegetation of nude areas, or wetlands (undrained), woodland with fast growing species (willow). The net energy output from cultivation of energy crops can easily be negative if much synthetic fertilizers are used (they are very energy demanding in production) or transporting distances are to long. • Topic for discussion now: • How can renewable energy be put on the agenda at the NOVA universities? Each table in the auditorium discusses the matter untill 10:20 and suggests one idea.
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