Scale drivers solutions by HC120727025028

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									     Daly’s 4 Criteria for
     steady-state
     economy
     1) Constant stock of
     humans
     2) Constant stock of
     goods for providing
     services and meeting
     needs.
     3) Sufficient and
     sustainable level of
     1&2
     4) Throughput
     reduced to the lowest
     level



a=ozone
b=biodiversity
c=climate change
Growth Drivers          Solutions                a,b,c        who
Human/behavioral/Philos
ophical/biological
Population              Education empowerment of all          GF
                        women, wealth equity,
                        education, birth control
Theological belief in        New religion-environment   all   JSB
growth, judeo-christian      activities
dominion
Notion of                                                     JSB
progress/technology
Self-interest/greed as a
virture
                             ????                       all
Market fundamentalism      State or utility provision of all
                           non-market goods and
Profit motive, materialism services the status of social all
                           Increase
                           satisfiers (vs material
                           consumption)
Consumerism                 Information campaigns (ie: all
                            adbusters)
Individual over-            Individual transferable    all
consumption                 quotas, Individual non-
                            transferable quotas,
                            Pollution quotas
Banking/Monetary Policy

Bank interest charged on Seignorage (State controls all        GF
money creation. Fractional money creation and supply
reserve.                   based on nongrowth
                           principles)
                            100% reserve requirements

Bank interest on loans:     User fees replace interest   all
usury
International monetary      Tobin tax, others?           all
speculation
Monetary/fiscal policy      Interest rates, Money        all
                            supply, Debt policies

Economic
Belief that growth solves                                      GF
poverty
Fixation on GDP, Welfare Alternative measures:           all
economics defined by     ISEW, GPI, HDI
consumption
Discounting                 Reform Discounting            all
                            practices
Housing wage gap            Land tax, land trusts,        b,c   GF
                            eliminate land as market
                            commodity
Distortion (reduction) of   Pigouvian Taxes               all   DB
natural capital costs       Setting Prices Based on       all
through subsidies           (optimal scale) policy
                            Depletion Quotas              all
                            Resource Productivity         all
                            Increases (within optimal
                            scale)
                            Pollution Quotas (cap and     a,c
                            trade)
Distribution/Equity         fair distribution,                  GF
                            redistribute rent on
                            commons
Pareto optimality-          Interpersonal comparisons           GF
maldistribution of wealth   of utility, Distribution of
                            rent on common assets

                            Minimum income/wealth
                            Maximum Income/Wealth
                            Progressive income tax (?)
                            luxury tax
Unemployment-growth         Reduced work hours, job             GF
needed to create jobs       sharing, basic income or
                            resource dividends to
                            reduce labor supply, higher
                            wages, substitute labor for
Increased labor             Use more labor less capital
productivity-
unemployemnt
Business                                                   JSB
Lack of enforcement of      Biomimicry (waste
pollution laws, waste       elimination; sequestering of
inefficiency                toxics)
exclusive focus on profit   corporate charters with        JSB
                            social and ecological
                            responsibilities, multiple
                            business goals: ie:
                            employment, social good,
downsizing                  make employment a social
                            priority
accounting, finance, law,
corporate management and
Vested interests, investers,
expectations
Public companies,            Being accountable to          JSB
shareholder value            stakeholders, more severe
maximization                 punishment for villating
                             public good, repeal of
Trade
WTO, NAFTA,                  LOIS vs. TINA, Local and      DB?
globalization, etc           regional economic self
                             sufficiency (vs global
                             trade), local priority of
                             Local economic self
                             sufficiency (vs. global
                             trade) government/business

                            Trade based solely on true
                            comparative advantage, not
                            absolute advantage

                            Integrating above policy
                            into an international
                            framework
                            Scale based trade
                            agreements
Natural resources
Rapid use and depletion of Shift to renewable energy
limited supply of fossil   Reform resource taxes
fuels                      Depletion Quotas                DB
                           government

                            Tax policy to reduce
                            quantity below scale
                            thresholds.
                            Setting prices based on
                            (optimal scale) policy
                            government
                            Taxation on for the damage
                            of ecosystems and their
                            services
                            Subsidizing positive
                            ecological externalities
Production                  Pollution quotas and
                            emissions trading
Industrial over-pollution
                            Harvest, Consumption,          DB
                            Possession Bans
                            Trade Bans                     DB
                            Chemical production bans a,c   DB
                            and phase-outs
                            Recycling requirements
                            Design policy requirements

                            Resource Productivity
                            Increases (within optimal
                            scale) business/government
Habitat expansion   Natural Area/Biodiversity b
                    Restoration Programs
                    Biomimicry (waste
                    elimination; sequestering of
                    toxics)
                    business/government


Government
                    State provision of non-
                    market goods and services

lack of caution     precautionary principle        DB

								
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