The Solution to a Global Epidemic

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BioGuard for Diesel Fuel Tanks
The Easiest, Safest and Healthiest
Alternative to Using Chemicals

How the AquaSmarter System Works…
Precisely measured amounts of Pure-Silver; Copper; Zinc,
Palladium and Carbon as a catalyst or booster are blended
together, extruded into thin wiring and coiled to create an
Electro-Galvanic Process.

When the AquaSmarter Ionizing Capsule is submersed in water,
the minerals begin to slowly deteriorate to produce “Ionization”
or positively charged sub-atomic particles. These positively
charged ions which after a period of 2-weeks, completely
permeate the pool and seek out to neutralize 100% of all types
of algae, bacteria and most hazardous viruses.
       Ionization Control for FUEL Storage Tanks

•   A physical-chemical and bacteriological analysis is made just
    before placing the Ionization Capsulated System.
•   Microbe contamination amount is determined.
•   A monthly follow-up is established.
•   Physical-chemical variables are determined with the organic
    matter reduction.
•   Bacterial reduction and CU++ and Ag+ ions to insure
    Effective Residual Concentrations.
     The AquaSmarter Advantage

•   Contaminant build-up resulting from excessive microbial growth and
    biodegradation of diesel fuel can cause fuel filter clogging. Micro
    organisms, bacteria and enzyme activity, fungus, yeast and mold
    cause diesel fuel degradation and the formation of waste products.
    The process is similar to milk turning into cottage cheese. The
    application of a biocide aggravates this situation and turns bio-film
    into solids. This will create a real fuel filter nightmare. Bio-film
    develops throughout the entire diesel fuel system. It grows in the
    water fuel interface and on the walls, baffles and bottoms of fuel
    storage tanks. An unlucky end user may be filling up his fuel tank
    and getting this debris delivered as a part of his diesel fuel, for the
    same price as the diesel fuel. We can prevent this and all of the fuel
    system problems that come along with microbes, by using our
    Ionization Technology.
    Residual Effect of Ionization.
•   How are people in the biodiesel industry dealing with this storage
    problem created by microbes? Biocides are recommended to be
    added to biodiesel to help control the growth of Fuel Bugs. Some
    people use vitamin E as a well as rosemary extract for their
    antioxidant properties in place of biocides to control microbe growth.
    This is probably because most biodiesel producers are
    environmentalists who do not want to use chemical biocides.
    Ionization technology offers an environmentally friendly solution for
    a long term storage that far exceeds anything else currently available
    to the industry because of the residual effect that our product offers.
    Neither biocides or antioxidants can offer the residual effect of our
    technology to solve the storage problems that face the entire
    induustry. There does not seem to be a clear industry standard as to
    what to do about the long term storage problems created by
    microbes. We need to make Ionization Technology the standard
    ‘answer’ to this problem which the entire biodiesel industry faces.
    Application for Biodiesel
•   Biodiesel is approved for use in non-tactical military vehicles.

•   In 1999, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense issued a
    memorandum stating B20 is suitable for use in administrative
    (commercial) vehicles. However, biodiesel is not currently
    approved for use in tactical vehicles due to the long-term
    storage problems associated with biodiesel.

•   In January 2005, the Navy became the first Department of
    Defense component to require the use of B20 in all of its non-
    tactical vehicles.
    Action Mechanism in biodiesel
•   Cu++ ions attack the cellular shell of microbes such as
    bacteria, viruses, algae and diesel bugs with an opposite
    electrical charge.

•   This activity generates a disturbance on the permeability of
    the microbes cellular wall, blocking the ingestion of nutrients
    to the micro-organism.

•   Taking advantage of this, Ag+ ions attack the micro-organism
    nucleus blocking the DNA and RNA production preventing the
    reproduction of micro-organisms.
           Water Contamination in Biodiesel

   Biodiesel is more susceptible to water contamination than petroleum

   The presence of water in biodiesel or any fuel can promote corrosion of
    fuel system components and growth of micro-organisms.

   Water accelerates the growth of microbe colonies, which can clog up a
    fuel system. Because the nature of biodiesel is organic and not
    petroleum based, biodiesel inherently contains more water than
    petroleum based diesel. Biodiesel also provides a healthier
    environment for the growth of microbes. Microbes grow best in warm
    conditions such as in the south or in the southwest. Biodiesel users in
    colder northern areas who have heated fuel tanks also face a year-
    round microbe problem.
   Ion Production to control Microbes

•Positively charged Ions are obtained by means of
electrolysis, Cu+, Cu++ and Ag+ cations.

•When the Cu+ ion is dissolved into fuel, it oxidizes
immediately to Cu++.

•This ion exchange application for disinfection of diesel has
been scientifically developed by AquaSmarter.

•Controlling Microbes by means of the elimination of water or
moisture is the most effective step to Micro organisms
however, this procedure is not always possible.
AquaSmarter application for Microbes

   AquaSmarter acts as a disinfectant and biological purification
    system by means of the ionization process to eliminate the
    Diesel Bug (Cyanobacteria). It also has a residual effect to keep
    diesel free from microbes for a full 12-months.

   Microbes cause problems because they promote corrosion and
    their physical presence leads to clogging of filters, injectors and
    nozzles. Controlling micro biologics is difficult because it is
    almost impossible to exclude water entirely from commercial
    hydrocarbon fuels. This is why ionization is so important for the
    long term control of microbes in stored diesel fuel.
     The AquaSmarter System

   The AquaSmarter Ionizing System is a process that
    produces Positive Ionization obtained by the
    decomposition of several minerals when submerged
    in Diesel Fuel.

   The elements used in the AquaSmarter System are:
       Silver
       Copper
       Palladium
       Zinc
       Carbon
           Costa Rica
       Phone/Fax: 506-665-0896

EPA Registration Number: 075702-CRI-001

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