Summer 2006 Session
MIDLANDS TECHNICAL COLLEGE
Revised: May 17, 2006
P. R. Witt—Course Director
CHM 105 GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOCHEMISTRY CR 4.0
The objective of this course is to give the student a knowledge and understanding of
atomic structure and how it influences chemical properties, valence, reactions, and
bonding. Chemical equations, the gas laws, the mole concept, and solution
concentrations are also studied.
This course also prepares students to understand the chemistry of living substances
through practical examples and by introducing them to organic chemistry and
biochemistry. (Prerequisite: MAT 101).
Textbooks: General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Lygre (2003); Biochemistry
Notes: A Summary of the Metabolism of Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins: P. J.
Lab Manual: Introduction to General, Organic & Biochemistry in the Lab: Hein, Peisen
and Ritchey, 8th Ed.
Required Materials: Scientific calculator and safety glasses or goggles.
Attendance: Maximum absences: 2X the number of class or lab meetings/week.
0-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90 and above
F D C B A
The course grade is calculated by adding 75% of the lecture grade average and 25% of
the lab grade average. The lecture grade will be the average of four tests. There is no
cumulative exam; for the final exam, the student may elect to retest the material from one
of the four tests taken during the semester. The laboratory grade is the average of the 13
highest grades, allowing for one grade to be dropped. Labs missed cannot be made up.
The purpose of this course is to give the student:
Knowledge and appreciation of the natural laws governing chemical changes.
An introduction to scientific measurement.
The skills to extract useful information from the Periodic Table.
A basic understanding of atomic and molecular structures and the names and
classes of compounds.
An understanding of the qualitative and quantitative aspects of chemical
A basic understanding of acids, bases, and solutions.
Knowledge of the basic gas laws.
An introduction to organic chemistry and biochemical processes.
Department Chair Statement:
The Science Dept. Chair, Coordinators, and faculty are here to help you. If you are
having any problems in your classes that cannot be resolved by your instructor, please
contact the people here who can help you: Dr. Perry Carter, Dept. Chair 822-3443 or Dr.
Rick Corbett, Science Coordinator at Airport Campus, 822-3553.
Students with disabilities requiring in-class accommodations should call the
Counseling/Disabilities Resource Center at 738-7636.
CHM 105 Schedule
Summer Session, 2006:
Classes start on May 22, and end on August 1. Midterm is June 21. Exams start on
August 3. Student holiday is July 4.
WEEK CLASS LABORATORY EXPERIMENT
5/22 First Ch. 1, 2 Intro. To Lab and Safety
5/29 Second Ch. 2, 3 Exercise 1 and 2; Sig. Figs. and
6/5 Third Ch. 3, 4 Exp. 4 Hydrogen
Exercises 2-5: Formulas and
6/12 Fourth T1; Ch. 5 Exp. 11; Single Displacement Rxns
Verification of Charles’ Law
6/19 Fifth Ch. 6-8 Exp. 22-23; Titration and Analysis
6/26 Sixth Ch.9-10 Exp. 17; Shapes-Molecular Geometry
7/3 Seventh T2; Ch. 11 Exercises 18 & 19: Hydrocarbons
7/10 Eighth Ch.12-16 Exercise 20: Functional Groups
Exp. 29: Alcohols, Esters, Aldehydes,
7/17 Ninth Ch.T3; Bio. Ex. 22: Carbohydrates
Ex. 23: Amino Acids and Polypeptides
7/24 Tenth Biochemistry Metabolic Processes (Biochem. Text)
7/31 Eleventh T4 Lab wrap up.
CHM 105 HOMEWORK (Lygre):
In order to do well in chemistry you must do chemistry, that is, practice doing
chemistry problems. You cannot learn it by watching someone else do the work. It
won’t take hold until you do it. The following problems from your text have been
selected as representative samples of the most important concepts for each chapter. Your
instructor may also recommend other problems during the course.
Pages 28-29: #2, 4, 6, 8, 14, 16, 24, 34, 36
Pages 84-87: #18, 22, 24, 26, 28, 32, 34, 36, 38, 42, 48, 52, 54, 58, 64
Pages 111-113: #4, 6, 8, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, 44, 46, 48, 50
Pages 132-137: #52, 57, 58, 69, 70, 72, 74
Pages 158-160: #40, 46, 50
Pages 209-210: # 4, 6, 14, 18, 30, 40, 43
Pages 277-279: #2, 4, 14, 18, 30
CHM105 STUDY GUIDE
January 4, 2006
Understand the basics of the Scientific Method as a means of gaining
knowledge about the world around us.
Understand that Chemistry is a materialistic science that has limitations.
Distinguish between mass and weight.
Be able to do density measurements and calculations.
Understand the difference between density and specific gravity.
Be able to calculate Fahrenheit and Kelvin temperatures from Celsius values.
Recognize units of measurement as being mass, length, volume, or density.
Understand the metric system, and be able to convert a unit of measurement
into smaller or larger units.
Be able to convert units from the English system into metric units, and vice
Understand and demonstrate the concept of significant figures.
Recognize and distinguish between homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures
and pure substances.
Write the appropriate symbol for the common elements (listed in class).
Use the Periodic Table to identify Atomic Number and Mass for any element,
and the number of protons and electrons in the elements.
Know the concept of principal energy levels in atoms, and how to relate these
levels to the Periodic Table.
Be able to use the Periodic Table to predict the charges on simple ions.
Understand polyatomic anions and name simple ionic and covalent
Distinguish between metals, nonmetals, and metalloids on the Periodic Table.
Understand the concepts of ionic and covalent bonding.
Understand the concept of polarity and be able to recognize polar compounds.
Be able to write and balance ionic equations.
Understand the concepts of moles and stoichiometry.
Be able to do stoichiometric calculations and determine limiting reagents,
yields, and percent yields.
Know the First Law of Thermodynamics.
Understand the concepts of exothermic and endothermic reactions and do
simple energy calculations.
Know the differences in the states of matter and understand phase changes.
Be able to use the gas laws to solve gas problems.
Understand how ionic and covalent compounds dissolve in solvents.
Know and be able to use the terms solvent, solute, and solution.
Understand the concept of molarity and be able to calculate it.
Know how to calculate mass percentages of solutions.
Understand the concepts of reaction rate and chemical equilibrium
Understand Le Chatelier’s Principle and use it to predict equilibrium shift
Know the difference between strong and weak acids and strong and weak
Be able to do titration calculations.
Understand the concepts of pH and buffers, and how these work in the body.
Be able to draw structures for hydrocarbons, including structural isomers, and
Be able to recognize the common functional groups, draw structural isomers
containing these groups, and name the ones with simple structures.
Understand how these functional groups affect properties and biological
Understand the concept of chirality, and be able to recognize chiral
compounds from their structures, and their impact on the human body.
Understand the differences between carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.
Be able to recognize the formulas of simple sugars and name them.
Understand the D, L system for defining chirality.
Be able to draw a steroid; know the functions of some common steroids.
Know what peptides and proteins are, and be able to recognize a peptide bond.
Understand primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary protein structures.
Know and recognize the basic structure of nucleotides and ATP.
Understand how nucleotides are polymerized into nucleic acids.
Understand the differences between DNA and RNA and the functions of these
Understand how nucleic acids reproduce themselves.
Understand how DNA changes make mutations.
Know the basic metabolic processes and understand how they work, focusing
mainly on the Citric Acid (Krebs) Cycle.
Understand the glycolysis and gluconeogenesis processes.