StarTechZD Dataset Codebook 20110315

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StarTechZD Dataset Codebook 20110315 Powered By Docstoc
					CODEBOOK

This document contains names and descriptions of the fields in the data set.

The codebook is organized in two main sections, ordered as follows:

Section 1: Patents
Section 2: Grants (NSF and NIH)

Definitions of codes used in the data can be found in additional tabs in this document.
The link in the "Reference Sheet" column of the codebook will go to the tab containing
information for that particular field.


Data Files:
A CSV format text file is available for each table.
Data file names correspond to the table names that are recorded in the codebook,
with extension "csv" (table_name.csv)
There is also a STATA data file (table_name.dta) for each table,
except for patent_abstracts and grant_abstracts.


The tables included in each section are:


    SECTION 1 : Patents
patents                         Patent number, application and grant dates
patent_citations                Patent numbers and grant years of citing and cited patents
patent_cite_counts              Number of citations by year
patent_int_classes              International patent classes
patent_us_classes               US patent classes
patent_abstracts                Patent title and abstract
patent_assignees                Patent assignee names and addresses
patent_inventors                Patent inventor names and addresses
patent_zd_cats                  Zucker-Darby Science and Technology Area classifications for patents
patent_nano                     Nanotechnology-related flags for patents through grant year 2005



     SECTION 2 : Grants
grants                          General grant information
grantee_orgs                    Receiving organization names and addresses
grant_pis                       Principle Investigator information
grant_co_pis                    Co-Investigator information
grant_abstracts                 Grant title and abstract
grant_zd_cats                   Zucker-Darby Science and Technology Area classifications for grants
grant_nano                      Nanotechnology-related flags for grants through 2006

grant_nsf                       Information specific to NSF grants
grant_nsf_programs              NSF programs associated with a grant
grant_nsf_fields                NSF fields associated with a grant

grant_nih                       Information specific to NIH grants
grant_nih_tags                  Descriptive tags assigned to NIH grants
grant_nih_core_proj_nums        Core project numbers for NIH grants
                                                 StarTechZD Database

Table Name   Column Name   Column Type   Column Description            Reference Sheet   Notes
SECTION 1 : Patents


patents               patent_id              integer     patent number
                      num_claims             integer     number of claims
                      grant_date             date        grant date
                      app_num                character   application number
                      app_date               date        application date
                      patent_title           character   patent title


patent_citations      cite_from_patent_id    integer     patent number of citing patent
                      cite_from_patent_gyr   integer     grant year of citing patent
                      cite_to_patent_id      integer     patent number of cited patent
                      cite_to_patent_gyr     integer     grant year of cited patent


patent_cite_counts    patent_id              integer     patent number
                      grant_year             integer     grant year
                      citations              integer     # of patents granted this year that cite this patent


patent_int_classes    patent_id              integer     patent number                                                             link to patent
                      pos                    integer     order of appearance for this class
                      intl_class             character   international patent class


patent_us_classes     patent_id              integer     patent number                                                             link to patent
                      pos                    integer     order of appearance for this class
                      us_class               character   US patent class


patent_abstracts      patent_id              integer     patent number                                                             link to patent
                      patent_title           character   patent title
                      patent_abstract        character   patent abstract


patent_assignees      patent_id              integer     patent number                                                             link to patent
                      pos                    integer     order of appearance for this assignee
                      org_name               character   name of university, company, institution, etc.
                      org_id                 character   alphanumeric code specific to each organization        Org Codes Info
                      org_type               character   organization type                                      Org Codes Info
                      org_norm_name          character   normalized name                                        Org Codes Info
                      city                   character   city
                      state                  character   state
                      country                character   country
                      country_code           integer     ISO country code                                       ISO Country Info
                      bea_code               integer     BEA code                                               BEA Info
                      num_claims             integer     number of claims
                      grant_date             date        grant date
                      app_num                character   application number
                      app_date               date        application date
patent_inventors   patent_id       integer     patent number                                                                      link to patent
                   pos             integer     order of appearance for this inventor
                   last_name       character   last name
                   first_name      character   first name
                   middle_name     character   middle name
                   suffix          character   name suffix
                   street          character   street address
                   city            character   city
                   state           character   state
                   postal_code     character   postal code
                   country         character   country
                   country_code    integer     ISO country code                                             ISO Country Info
                   bea_code        integer     BEA code                                                     BEA Info
                   num_claims      integer     number of claims
                   grant_date      date        grant date
                   app_num         character   application number
                   app_date        date        application date


patent_zd_cats     patent_id       integer     patent number
                   zd              character   Zucker-Darby Science and Technology Area Category            ZD Categories
                   weight          decimal     fractional category weight (0.0 to 1.0)


patent_nano        patent_id       integer     patent number
                   is_nano         integer     1 if identified as nano-related, 0 otherwise                 NANO Identification
                   is_nano_bool    integer     1 if identified as nano-related by boolean method
                   is_nano_prob1   integer     1 if identified as nano-related by probabilistic method #1
                   is_nano_prob2   integer     1 if identified as nano-related by probabilistic method #2
                   is_nano_auth    integer     1 if identified as nano-related by an authoritative source
    SECTION 2 : Grants


grants                   grant_agency      character   granting agency                                                                    such as NSF or NIH
                         grant_num         character   agency's grant number                                                              official number assigned by the granting agency
                         fiscal_year       integer     fiscal year
                         start_date        date        start date
                         end_date          date        end date
                         last_amend_date   date        last amendment date
                         instrument        character   award instrument
                         amount            integer     award amount
                         grant_title       character   grant title


grantee_orgs             grant_agency      character   granting agency
                         grant_num         character   agency's grant number
                         org_name          character   name of university, company, institution, etc.                                     organization receiving award
                         org_id            character   alphanumeric code specific to each organization              Org Codes Info
                         org_type          character   organization type                                            Org Codes Info
                         org_norm_name     character   normalized name                                              Org Codes Info
                         street            character   street address
                         city              character   city
                         state             character   state
                         postal_code       character   postal code                                                                        If more than 1 zip code is recorded, all are reported seperated by a ","
                         country           character   country
                         country_code      character   ISO country code                                             ISO Country Info
                         bea_code          integer     BEA code                                                     BEA Info


grant_pis                grant_agency      character   granting agency
                         grant_num         character   agency's grant number
                         last_name         character   PI last name
                         first_name        character   PI first name
                         middle_name       character   PI middle name


grant_co_pis             grant_agency      character   granting agency
                         grant_num         character   agency's grant number
                         pos               integer     order of appearance of this co-PI
                         last_name         character   co-PI last name
                         first_name        character   co-PI first name
                         middle_name       character   co-PI middle name


grant_abstracts          grant_agency      character   granting agency                                                                    official number assigned by the granting agency
                         grant_num         character   agency's grant number
                         grant_title       character   grant title
                         grant_abstract    character   grant abstract


grant_zd_cats            grant_agency      character   granting agency                                                                    official number assigned by the granting agency
                         grant_num         character   agency's grant number
                         zd                character   Zucker-Darby Science and Technology Area Category            ZD Categories
                         weight            decimal     fractional category weight (0.0 to 1.0)


grant_nano               grant_agency      character   granting agency                                                                    official number assigned by the granting agency
                         grant_num         character   agency's grant number
                         is_nano           integer     1 if identified as nano-related, 0 otherwise                 NANO Identification
                         is_nano_bool      integer     1 if identified as nano-related by boolean method
                         is_nano_prob1     integer     1 if identified as nano-related by probabilistic method #1
                         is_nano_prob2     integer     1 if identified as nano-related by probabilistic method #2
is_nano_auth   integer   1 if identified as nano-related by an authoritative source
   SECTION 3.1 : NSF-Specific Grant Information                                                                   additional information for NSF grants


grant_nsf                    grant_num             character   agency's grant number
                             prog_manager          character   program manager
                             directorate           character   NSF directorate


grant_nsf_programs           grant_num             character   agency's grant number
                             pos                   integer     order of appearance of this program
                             program               character   NSF program name


grant_nsf_fields             grant_num             character   agency's grant number
                             pos                   integer     order of appearance of this field of application
                             field                 character   NSF field of application
                             field_code            character   code for this field of application



    SECTION 3.2 : NIH-Specific Grant Information                                                                  additional information for NIH grants


grant_nih                    grant_num             character   agency's grant number
                             nih_icd               character   NIH institute, center, or division
                             nih_irg               character   NIH initial review group


grant_nih_tags               grant_num             character   agency's grant number
                             pos                   integer     order of appearance of this tag
                             tag                   character   NIH descriptive tag


grant_nih_core_proj_nums     grant_num             character   agency's grant number
                             nih_core_proj_num     character   NIH core project number
                              ORGANIZATION CODES INFORMATION

Each organization name that has been recorded in NANOBANK has been assigned an alpha numeric code.
The codes are designed to standardize the various differing naming conventions used in article adresses and
patent assignee information.

The 2 digit alphabetical part determines the "type" of the organization.

Different recorded names that standardize to the same name have been assigned the same code:
For example: IBM, IBM Corp., IBM Corporation have the same code FI_2651.

Moreover, we used various look-up tables and hand cleaning methods to determine the variant names that a
certain organization uses and assigned those the same codes
For example: International Business Machines Corporation has been assigned the code FI_2651 as well.
Likewise, UCLA, University of California Los Angeles, Univ Calif Los Angeles have all been assigned the same
code, UN_1550.

Note that, while organization codes are great indicators whether two different names belong to the same
organization, they don’t assure that this is the case. (For example, if two different firms in 2 different states or
countries had the same name, they would be assigned the same organization code.)
Similarly, if two branches of the same organization have sufficiently different names that have not been caught
by the cleaning, they might appear with different organization codes.

Users planning to use NANOBANK for organization specific data should use the organization codes as a
starting point. Ultimately, the user is responsible for determining which records belong the organization they
are interested in.

The variables associated with organization codes are:

org_type                      Type of the organization using the reported name. The types are:
                              "firm", "university", "national_lab", "research_inst", "us_government", "hospital",
                              "acad_sci", "other".

org_code                      Alpha numeric code designed to identify the organization using the reported name.
                              First 2 alphabetical digits determine the organization type.
                              The numerical part identifies the specific organization.

org_nano_name                 The non-abbreviated version of the organization name that appears most among
                              the organization's nano-related articles and patents.


First 2 digits of org_code    org_type
              FI              firm
             UN               university
             NL               national_lab
              RI              research_inst
             UG               us_government
             HO               hospital
             AS               acad_sci
             NO               No organization recorded
             SC               Schools (less than university level)
             OT               other
                                        ISO COUNTRY INFORMATION

country_code is a 2 digit alphabetical code for the country name.

Codes used are produced by ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and are included in the
international standard ISO 3166 – 1.
(http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/iso3166ma/index.html)

In NANOBANK, country codes provide standardization between the differing naming conventions used in
articles and patents.It also unifies the observations into current countries determined by ISO. For example:

Observations recorded as England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are grouped into United Kingdom.
Observations recorded as Germany, Federal Republic of Germany, Democratic Republic of Germany are
coded as Germany
Observations in states that have split are assigned to the corresponding new state when possible
(For example, articles in UKSSR are coded as Ukraine.)
When the corresponding new state is not obvious, the biggest new state is used.
(USSR observations are recorded as Russia, Yugoslavia observations are recorded as Serbia-Montenegro, etc..)


                        COUNTRY                           Alpha-2 Code
Afghanistan                                                    AF
Albania, People's Socialist Republic of                        AL
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of                       DZ
American Samoa                                                 AS
Andorra, Principality of                                       AD
Angola, Republic of                                            AO
Anguilla                                                       AI
Antarctica (the territory South of 60 deg S)                   AQ
Antigua and Barbuda                                            AG
Argentina, Argentine Republic                                  AR
Armenia                                                       AM
Aruba                                                         AW
Australia, Commonwealth of                                     AU
Austria, Republic of                                           AT
Azerbaijan, Republic of                                        AZ
Bahamas, Commonwealth of the                                   BS
Bahrain, Kingdom of                                            BH
Bangladesh, People's Republic of                               BD
Barbados                                                       BB
Belarus                                                        BY
Belgium, Kingdom of                                            BE
Belize                                                         BZ
Benin, People's Republic of                                    BJ
Bermuda                                                       BM
Bhutan, Kingdom of                                             BT
Bolivia, Republic of                                           BO
Bosnia and Herzegovina                                         BA
Botswana, Republic of                                         BW
Bouvet Island (Bouvetoya)                                      BV
Brazil, Federative Republic of                                 BR
British Indian Ocean Territory (Chagos Archipelago)            IO
British Virgin Islands                                         VG
Brunei Darussalam                                              BN
Bulgaria, People's Republic of                                 BG
Burkina Faso                                                   BF
Burundi, Republic of                                           BI
Cambodia, Kingdom of                                           KH
Cameroon, United Republic of                                  CM
Canada                                        CA
Cape Verde, Republic of                       CV
Cayman Islands                                KY
Central African Republic                      CF
Chad, Republic of                             TD
Chile, Republic of                            CL
China, People's Republic of                   CN
Christmas Island                              CX
Cocos (Keeling) Islands                       CC
Colombia, Republic of                         CO
Comoros, Union of the                         KM
Congo, Democratic Republic of                 CD
Congo, People's Republic of                   CG
Cook Islands                                  CK
Costa Rica, Republic of                       CR
Cote D'Ivoire, Ivory Coast, Republic of the   CI
Cuba, Republic of                             CU
Cyprus, Republic of                           CY
Czech Republic                                CZ
Denmark, Kingdom of                           DK
Djibouti, Republic of                         DJ
Dominica, Commonwealth of                     DM
Dominican Republic                            DO
Ecuador, Republic of                          EC
Egypt, Arab Republic of                       EG
El Salvador, Republic of                      SV
Equatorial Guinea, Republic of                GQ
Eritrea                                       ER
Estonia                                       EE
Ethiopia                                      ET
Faeroe Islands                                FO
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)                   FK
Fiji, Republic of the Fiji Islands            FJ
Finland, Republic of                           FI
France, French Republic                       FR
French Guiana                                 GF
French Polynesia                              PF
French Southern Territories                   TF
Gabon, Gabonese Republic                      GA
Gambia, Republic of the                       GM
Georgia                                       GE
Germany                                       DE
Ghana, Republic of                            GH
Gibraltar                                     GI
Greece, Hellenic Republic                     GR
Greenland                                     GL
Grenada                                       GD
Guadaloupe                                    GP
Guam                                          GU
Guatemala, Republic of                        GT
Guinea, Revolutionary People's Rep'c of       GN
Guinea-Bissau, Republic of                    GW
Guyana, Republic of                           GY
Haiti, Republic of                            HT
Heard and McDonald Islands                    HM
Holy See (Vatican City State)                 VA
Honduras, Republic of                         HN
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of China   HK
Hrvatska (Croatia)                                  HR
Hungary, Hungarian People's Republic                HU
Iceland, Republic of                                 IS
India, Republic of                                  IN
Indonesia, Republic of                              ID
Iran, Islamic Republic of                           IR
Iraq, Republic of                                   IQ
Ireland                                              IE
Israel, State of                                     IL
Italy, Italian Republic                              IT
Jamaica                                             JM
Japan                                               JP
Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of                        JO
Kazakhstan, Republic of                             KZ
Kenya, Republic of                                  KE
Kiribati, Republic of                                KI
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of              KP
Korea, Republic of                                  KR
Kuwait, State of                                    KW
Kyrgyz Republic                                     KG
Lao People's Democratic Republic                    LA
Latvia                                              LV
Lebanon, Lebanese Republic                          LB
Lesotho, Kingdom of                                 LS
Liberia, Republic of                                LR
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya                              LY
Liechtenstein, Principality of                       LI
Lithuania                                           LT
Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of                          LU
Macao, Special Administrative Region of China       MO
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of          MK
Madagascar, Republic of                             MG
Malawi, Republic of                                 MW
Malaysia                                            MY
Maldives, Republic of                               MV
Mali, Republic of                                   ML
Malta, Republic of                                  MT
Marshall Islands                                    MH
Martinique                                          MQ
Mauritania, Islamic Republic of                     MR
Mauritius                                           MU
Mayotte                                             YT
Mexico, United Mexican States                       MX
Micronesia, Federated States of                     FM
Moldova, Republic of                                MD
Monaco, Principality of                             MC
Mongolia, Mongolian People's Republic               MN
Montserrat                                          MS
Morocco, Kingdom of                                 MA
Mozambique, People's Republic of                    MZ
Myanmar                                             MM
Namibia                                             NA
Nauru, Republic of                                  NR
Nepal, Kingdom of                                   NP
Netherlands Antilles                                AN
Netherlands, Kingdom of the                         NL
New Caledonia                                       NC
New Zealand                                         NZ
Nicaragua, Republic of                              NI
Niger, Republic of the                              NE
Nigeria, Federal Republic of                    NG
Niue, Republic of                               NU
Norfolk Island                                  NF
Northern Mariana Islands                        MP
Norway, Kingdom of                              NO
Oman, Sultanate of                              OM
Pakistan, Islamic Republic of                   PK
Palau                                           PW
Palestinian Territory, Occupied                 PS
Panama, Republic of                             PA
Papua New Guinea                                PG
Paraguay, Republic of                           PY
Peru, Republic of                               PE
Philippines, Republic of the                    PH
Pitcairn Island                                 PN
Poland, Polish People's Republic                PL
Portugal, Portuguese Republic                   PT
Puerto Rico                                     PR
Qatar, State of                                 QA
Reunion                                         RE
Romania, Socialist Republic of                  RO
Russian Federation                              RU
Rwanda, Rwandese Republic                       RW
St. Helena                                      SH
St. Kitts and Nevis                             KN
St. Lucia                                       LC
St. Pierre and Miquelon                         PM
St. Vincent and the Grenadines                  VC
Samoa, Independent State of                     WS
San Marino, Republic of                         SM
Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of   ST
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of                        SA
Senegal, Republic of                            SN
Serbia and Montenegro                           CS
Seychelles, Republic of                         SC
Sierra Leone, Republic of                       SL
Singapore, Republic of                          SG
Slovakia (Slovak Republic)                      SK
Slovenia                                         SI
Solomon Islands                                 SB
Somalia, Somali Republic                        SO
South Africa, Republic of                       ZA
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands    GS
Spain, Spanish State                            ES
Sri Lanka, Democratic Socialist Republic of     LK
Sudan, Democratic Republic of the               SD
Suriname, Republic of                           SR
Svalbard & Jan Mayen Islands                    SJ
Swaziland, Kingdom of                           SZ
Sweden, Kingdom of                              SE
Switzerland, Swiss Confederation                CH
Syrian Arab Republic                            SY
Taiwan, Province of China                       TW
Tajikistan                                      TJ
Tanzania, United Republic of                    TZ
Thailand, Kingdom of                            TH
Timor-Leste, Democratic Republic of             TL
Togo, Togolese Republic                         TG
Tokelau (Tokelau Islands)                       TK
Tonga, Kingdom of                               TO
Trinidad and Tobago, Republic of               TT
Tunisia, Republic of                           TN
Turkey, Republic of                            TR
Turkmenistan                                   TM
Turks and Caicos Islands                       TC
Tuvalu                                         TV
US Virgin Islands                               VI
Uganda, Republic of                            UG
Ukraine                                        UA
United Arab Emirates                           AE
United Kingdom of Great Britain & N. Ireland   GB
United States Minor Outlying Islands           UM
United States of America                       US
Uruguay, Eastern Republic of                   UY
Uzbekistan                                     UZ
Vanuatu                                        VU
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of              VE
Viet Nam, Socialist Republic of                VN
Wallis and Futuna Islands                      WF
Western Sahara                                 EH
Yemen                                          YE
Zambia, Republic of                            ZM
Zimbabwe                                       ZW
                                  BEA ECONOMIC AREAS INFORMATION

Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) Economic Areas definition from the BEA web site:
(http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/docs/econlist.cfm)

"BEA's economic areas define the relevant regional markets surrounding metropolitan or micropolitan statistical
areas. They consist of one or more economic nodes - metropolitan or micropolitan statistical areas that serve
as regional centers of economic activity and the surrounding counties that are economically related to the nodes.
The economic areas were redefined on November 17, 2004, and are based on commuting data from the 2000
decennial population census, on redefined statistical areas from OMB (February 2004), and on newspaper
circulation data from the Audit Bureau of Circulations for 2001."

BEA_code:       3 digit numeric code that determines the associated BEA Economic area for each observation
                in the US. (50 states and DC).
                For foreign observations, name of the country is recorded in this field.


BEA created 179 Economic Areas in the US by asigning each county is assigned to a unique BEA.
After determing the associated county for each observation (using FIPS 55), we determine the corresponding
BEA Economic Area.


  BEA Code      BEA Area Name
     1          Aberdeen, SD (EA)
     2          Abilene, TX (EA)
     3          Albany, GA (EA)
     4          Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam, NY (EA)
     5          Albuquerque, NM (EA)
     6          Alpena, MI (EA)
     7          Amarillo, TX (EA)
     8          Anchorage, AK (EA)
     9          Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI (EA)
     10         Asheville-Brevard, NC (EA)
     11         Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL (EA)
     12         Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC (EA)
     13         Austin-Round Rock, TX (EA)
     14         Bangor, ME (EA)
     15         Baton Rouge-Pierre Part, LA (EA)
     16         Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX (EA)
     17         Bend-Prineville, OR (EA)
     18         Billings, MT (EA)
     19         Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, AL (EA)
     20         Bismarck, ND (EA)
     21         Boise City-Nampa, ID (EA)
     22         Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH (EA)
     23         Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus, NY (EA)
     24         Burlington-South Burlington, VT (EA)
     25         Cape Girardeau-Jackson, MO-IL (EA)
     26         Casper, WY (EA)
     27         Cedar Rapids, IA (EA)
     28         Champaign-Urbana, IL (EA)
     29         Charleston, WV (EA)
     30         Charleston-North Charleston, SC (EA)
     31         Charlotte-Gastonia-Salisbury, NC-SC (EA)
     32         Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI (EA)
     33         Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington, OH-KY-IN (EA)
     34         Clarksburg, WV+Morgantown, WV (EA)
35   Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH (EA)
36   Colorado Springs, CO (EA)
37   Columbia, MO (EA)
38   Columbia-Newberry, SC (EA)
39   Columbus-Auburn-Opelika, GA-AL (EA)
40   Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH (EA)
41   Corpus Christi-Kingsville, TX (EA)
42   Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (EA)
43   Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL (EA)
44   Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH (EA)
45   Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO (EA)
46   Des Moines-Newton-Pella, IA (EA)
47   Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI (EA)
48   Dothan-Enterprise-Ozark, AL (EA)
49   Dover, DE (EA)
50   Duluth, MN-WI (EA)
51   El Paso, TX (EA)
52   Erie, PA (EA)
53   Eugene-Springfield, OR (EA)
54   Evansville, IN-KY (EA)
55   Fargo-Wahpeton, ND-MN (EA)
56   Farmington, NM (EA)
57   Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO (EA)
58   Flagstaff, AZ (EA)
59   Fort Smith, AR-OK (EA)
60   Fort Wayne-Huntington-Auburn, IN (EA)
61   Fresno-Madera, CA (EA)
62   Gainesville, FL (EA)
63   Grand Forks, ND-MN (EA)
64   Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI (EA)
65   Great Falls, MT (EA)
66   Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC (EA)
67   Greenville, NC (EA)
68   Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC (EA)
69   Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS (EA)
70   Harrisburg-Carlisle-Lebanon, PA (EA)
71   Harrisonburg, VA (EA)
72   Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic, CT (EA)
73   Helena, MT (EA)
74   Honolulu, HI (EA)
75   Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX (EA)
76   Huntsville-Decatur, AL (EA)
77   Idaho Falls-Blackfoot, ID (EA)
78   Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN (EA)
79   Jacksonville, FL (EA)
80   Jackson-Yazoo City, MS (EA)
81   Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol (Tri-Cities), TN-VA (EA)
82   Jonesboro, AR (EA)
83   Joplin, MO (EA)
84   Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS (EA)
85   Kearney, NE (EA)
86   Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA (EA)
87   Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX (EA)
88   Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette, TN (EA)
89   La Crosse, WI-MN (EA)
90   Lafayette-Acadiana, LA (EA)
91   Lake Charles-Jennings, LA (EA)
 92   Las Vegas-Paradise-Pahrump, NV (EA)
 93   Lewiston, ID-WA (EA)
 94   Lexington-Fayette-Frankfort-Richmond, KY (EA)
 95   Lincoln, NE (EA)
 96   Little Rock-North Little Rock-Pine Bluff, AR (EA)
 97   Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA (EA)
 98   Louisville-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, KY-IN (EA)
 99   Lubbock-Levelland, TX (EA)
100   Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley, GA (EA)
101   Madison-Baraboo, WI (EA)
102   Marinette, WI-MI (EA)
103   Mason City, IA (EA)
104   McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX (EA)
105   Memphis, TN-MS-AR (EA)
106   Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL (EA)
107   Midland-Odessa, TX (EA)
108   Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI (EA)
109   Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI (EA)
110   Minot, ND (EA)
111   Missoula, MT (EA)
112   Mobile-Daphne-Fairhope, AL (EA)
113   Monroe-Bastrop, LA (EA)
114   Montgomery-Alexander City, AL (EA)
115   Myrtle Beach-Conway-Georgetown, SC (EA)
116   Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia, TN (EA)
117   New Orleans-Metairie-Bogalusa, LA (EA)
118   New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA (EA)
119   Oklahoma City-Shawnee, OK (EA)
120   Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, NE-IA (EA)
121   Orlando-The Villages, FL (EA)
122   Paducah, KY-IL (EA)
123   Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL (EA)
124   Pendleton-Hermiston, OR (EA)
125   Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL (EA)
126   Peoria-Canton, IL (EA)
127   Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD (EA)
128   Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (EA)
129   Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA (EA)
130   Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, ME (EA)
131   Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA (EA)
132   Pueblo, CO (EA)
133   Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC (EA)
134   Rapid City, SD (EA)
135   Redding, CA (EA)
136   Reno-Sparks, NV (EA)
137   Richmond, VA (EA)
138   Roanoke, VA (EA)
139   Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY (EA)
140   Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Truckee, CA-NV (EA)
141   Salina, KS (EA)
142   Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT (EA)
143   San Angelo, TX (EA)
144   San Antonio, TX (EA)
145   San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA (EA)
146   San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA (EA)
147   Santa Fe-Espanola, NM (EA)
148   Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL (EA)
149   Savannah-Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA (EA)
150   Scotts Bluff, NE (EA)
151   Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA (EA)
152   Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA (EA)
153   Shreveport-Bossier City-Minden, LA (EA)
154   Sioux City-Vermillion, IA-NE-SD (EA)
155   Sioux Falls, SD (EA)
156   South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI (EA)
157   Spokane, WA (EA)
158   Springfield, IL (EA)
159   Springfield, MO (EA)
160   St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL (EA)
161   State College, PA (EA)
162   Syracuse-Auburn, NY (EA)
163   Tallahassee, FL (EA)
164   Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL (EA)
165   Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR (EA)
166   Toledo-Fremont, OH (EA)
167   Topeka, KS (EA)
168   Traverse City, MI (EA)
169   Tucson, AZ (EA)
170   Tulsa-Bartlesville, OK (EA)
171   Tupelo, MS (EA)
172   Twin Falls, ID (EA)
173   Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC (EA)
174   Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV (EA)
175   Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA (EA)
176   Wausau-Merrill, WI (EA)
177   Wenatchee, WA (EA)
178   Wichita Falls, TX (EA)
179   Wichita-Winfield, KS (EA)
                                          NANO IDENTIFICATION

Articles, patents, and grants are identified as nanotechnology-related by using an analysis
of the contents of the text contained in the article, patent, or grant. In addition, items
are also selected when an "authority" indicates that the item is nanotechnology-related.
In the case of patents and grants, the authority is the source of the items. In the case of
articles, the authority is the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology.

We are currently in the process of updating these nano flags for recently added data.
Nano flags are available through 2005 for patents and through 2006 for NIH and NSF grants.

In each article, patent, or grant, there is a flag indicating how the item was selected:

is_nano:               Flag indicating item was identified as nano-related through any of the four possible methods.

is_nano_bool:          Flag indicating item was identified as nano-related by a search for nano-related keywords.

is_nano_prob1:         Flag indicating item was identified as nano-related through probabilistic analysis of text
                       with all nano subfields considered simultaneously.

is_nano_prob2:         Flag indicating item was identified as nano-related through probabilistic analysis of text
                       with nano subfields considered separately.
                       Nano subfields were determined by the 16 categories defined by VJNano.

is_nano_auth:          Flag indicating item was identified as nano-related by an authoritative source.
                       The authoritative source is determined as follows:

                       Articles:          Article is included in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology
                                          http://www.vjnano.org

                       Patents:           Patent is included in USPTO classification 977 (Nanotechnology)
                                          http://www.uspto.gov/web/patents/classification/uspc977/defs977.htm

                       NSF Grants:        Grant includes a program name containing "nano"

                       NIH Grants:        Grant includes a tag containing "nano"
possible methods.

ated keywords.

alysis of text


alysis of text




ence & Technology



/defs977.htm
                       ZUCKER-DARBY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AREAS

Articles, patents, and grants are categorized in one of five Zucker-Darby Science and Technology Areas based on analysis of
keywords or authority classifications. For more information, see http://www.nanobank.org/downloads.php
under "Description for Zucker-Darby Science Categorizations" and associated definition tables.
Alternatively, see http://ssrn.com/abstract=1109109.

com:       Item classified into the Computer Science ZD area.

bio:       Item classified into the Biology/Chemistry ZD area.

sem:       Item classified into the Semiconductor ZD area.

osc:       Item classified into the Other Science ZD area

oen:       Item classified into the Other Engineering ZD area.



Differences from NanoBank categorizations:
In our previous NanoBank dataset, we included an additional sixth category for nanotechnology.
The relationship of this sixth category with the other five categories is as follows:

nano:      Item classified into the Nanotechnology ZD area.

See the following tab for information the nano identification process:
NANO Identification

When a document is identified as nano-related, it is considered to be in the "nano" ZD area with a weight of 1.0
and other ZD areas are dropped (weights changed to 0). That is, if the nano category is used with the other
ZD categories, the nano observations must be removed from whichever of the 5 basic ZD areas it otherwise falls in.
as based on analysis of




rwise falls in.

				
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