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Australian Aquaculture Opportunities and Obstacles for the

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					    Australian Aquaculture -
Opportunities and Obstacles for
  the Development of a Large
 Sustainable Export Industry

                 PMSEIC May 31, 2002
 A Growing World With Declining
Stocks of a Desirable Commodity

global human population grows

ocean catches static and stocks declining

seafood is healthy

seafood will be in short supply?
                          Trends in Capture Fisheries
                      100
                                  World
                                  exc. China
Volume (million tonnes)




                          90
                                  exc. China,Peru,Chile
                          80

                          70

                          60

                          50

                          40
                           1970             1980                 1990   2000
                                                          Year
      FAO: Increases in Seafood
      Consumption Will Be Met by
             Aquaculture

2030: >50% of fish supplies from
aquaculture
global aquaculture: $100 billion pa
   10% pa growth
will supply meet demand by 2010?
major aquaculture industries in Norway, USA
Sustainable Production Systems:
  Imperative and opportunity

Aggregation of distribution channels
 - Sainsbury’s buy only sustainably produced
   product
 - consumer expectations transmitted to
   primary producer
Supermarkets and MSC certification
 - WA Rock lobster
             Global Trends

aquaculture overtakes wild catch (FAO)

aggregation of distribution channels

certification from sustainable sources

enormous market opportunity

   SET response

   sustainable production systems
         Australia: Capture fisheries and aquaculture
          Australian Aquaculture
                         production
           and capture fisheries
          250,000
                                                         Capture fisheries
          200,000
Tonnes




          150,000
          100,000
                                                                      Aquaculture
           50,000
              -
                     1989
                            1990
                                   1991
                                          1992
                                                 1993
                                                        1994
                                                               1995
                                                                      1996
                                                                             1997
                                                                                    1998
                                                                                           1999
           $800                                                 45,000
           $700                                                 40,000
                           Value
           $600                                                 35,000
                           Quantity
                                                                30,000
           $500
millions




                                                                         tonnes
                                                                25,000
           $400
                                                                20,000
           $300
                                                                15,000
           $200                                                 10,000
           $100                                                 5,000
             $-                                                 -
            19 1

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               90

               91

               92

               93

               94

               95

               96

               97

               98

               99
            19




           Export constitutes ~ 60% of production (~$450 million pa)
               Fig. 4 AUSTRALIAN AQUACULTURE
                      2000- 01, Major Species

                Tuna
        Pearl Oysters
             Salmon
       Edible Oysters
               Prawn
                Trout

                        0          0.1          0.2          0.3
                            Value of Production, $ Billion


Five species represent 92% of value, 70 species under development.
The Regional Nature of Aquaculture

                            mud crab
                               pearls          pearls
                         reef fish  barramundi
                              prawns
               pearls                                rock lobster
                                                       barramundi
 70 species                                      prawns         reef fish
                  barramundi
 currently    abalone                       fw crayfish
                 trochus                                      abalone
                                                      eel      snapper
 researched in                                                   lobster
 Australia                                                       prawns
                                                  silver perch
           algae
               fw crayfish             Salt?
                                              fw crayfish      snapper
    mussels trout               tuna                         oysters
                                          algae trout
                                oysters             eel
                                   abalone murray cod
                                        mussels
                                         oysters
  Established sectors                                   salmon rock lobster
     New enterprises                                   oysters
                                                         abalone
  Rebuilding a region through
  innovation in aquaculture.
 1990: Australian tuna industry in
receivership
Australian industry/Japanese Gov.
invent tuna grow out technology
$1/kg to $40/kg - $6M to $300M pa
export
return on R&D investment 44:1
4000 new jobs on Eyre peninsula
  Aquaculture Vision
 2010:    $2.5 Billion in exports
  wine: $10 M to $1.8 B (1986 – 2002)
 can    it happen?

 will   it happen?

 what    is required?
              Australian Aquaculture:
                 A ‘Swot’ Analysis
 STRENGTHS                         WEAKNESSES
                                   -Fragmentation
 - Exports
                                   - Low investment
 - Land & water resources
                                   - Site knowledge
 - SET Base
                                   - Fish husbandry
                                   - Regulatory environment

OPPORTUNITIES                       THREATS
-Action agenda/industry planning    - Environmental
-R&D driven growth                  - Fish disease
- Luxury seafood demand             - Site competition
-Saline groundwater use             -‘label’ integrity
-Sustainability certification       - Lack of supply power
        Recommendation 1
     A strong peak body to be
              formed*
That the aquaculture industry assisted by
     Government establish a national
 aquaculture peak-body to form collective
 views and actions relating to sustainable
       development of the Australian
           aquaculture industry.
              Australian Aquaculture:
                 A ‘Swot’ Analysis
 STRENGTHS                         WEAKNESSES
 - Exports                         - Fragmentation
 - Land & water resources          - Low investment
 - SET Base                        - Site knowledge
                                   -Fish husbandry
                                   -Regulatory environment

OPPORTUNITIES                       THREATS
-Action agenda/industry planning    - Environmental
-R&D driven growth                  - Fish disease
- Luxury seafood demand             - Site competition
-Saline groundwater use             -‘label’ integrity
-Sustainability certification       -Lack of supply power
        Recommendation 2
Streamline the regulatory operating
           environment*

 Through the Primary Industries Ministerial
 Council, the Commonwealth, State and Territory
 Governments should develop nationally
 consistent policies relating to:
 -resource access
 -aquatic health
 -ecologically sustainable development
 - links to other industries, eg tourism
               Australian Aquaculture:
                  A ‘Swot’ Analysis
 STRENGTHS                         WEAKNESSES
 - Exports                         - Fragmentation
 - Land & water resources          - Low investment
 - SET Base                        - Site knowledge
                                   -Fish husbandry
                                   -Regulatory environment

OPPORTUNITIES                       THREATS
-Action agenda/industry planning    - Environmental
-R&D driven growth                  - Fish disease
- Luxury seafood demand             - Site competition
-Saline groundwater use             -‘label’ integrity
-Sustainability certification       -Lack of supply power
         Current R&D strength and
               weaknesses

SET viewed as essential but not applied optimally

  Strength                   Weaknesses
      examples (tuna,           lack of industry R&D
       prawns)                    plan
                                 lack of focus on right
                                  species
                                 funding arrangements
         Recommendation 3
Secure industry and government R&D
              funding*

 For all sectors of the industry a compulsory
 minimum levy of 0.25% of GVP is
 proposed. The Commonwealth
 Government should maintain its current
 commitments and extend those to newly
 emerging aquaculture sectors.
     Recommendation 4
Foster scientific collaboration
           and focus

Encourage greater focus, wider collaboration
and synergy amongst R&D providers on key
research topics, with science agencies such
as CSIRO and AIMS taking a leading national
role in concert with other relevant bodies
such as the Aquafin CRC.
        SET National Partnership - driving success

                                     COMMISSIONED R&D                   CRCs
                                     PERFORMANCE
WORLD BEST PRACTICE                  - market driven;                   CSIRO
- sound business models              - on fewer species;
                                                                        AIMS
                                     - resources linked in critical
- attracts venture capital
                                        mass                            Industry
- adopt science advances
- workforce capability               LEADING EDGE                       States
- efficient regulatory environment   SCIENCE CAPACITY
                                     - biotechnology                    UNIs
                                     - ict
                                     - fish husbandry
                                     - waste management
  COMPETITIVE                        - overseas technology            SCIENCE
  ES - BUSINESS                         assessment
            Outcomes For Australia
• regional growth and jobs

• high value exports of seafood and pearls

• export of environmental technologies and know-how

• a stable and healthy food and protein source


                                                            $800              45,000
                                                            $700              40,000
                                                                   Value
                                                            $600              35,000
                                                                   Quantity
                                                                              30,000
                                                            $500




                                                 millions




                                                                                       tonnes
                                                                              25,000
                                                            $400
                                                                              20,000
                                                            $300
                                                                              15,000
                                                            $200              10,000
                                                            $100              5,000
                                                              $-              -




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  Continuing Export
   Success - Wine
3000

2500

2000

1500
                     Export increases achieved
1000

 500

   0




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                                                                                                          Industry projections
                                                                                                             made in 1996

				
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posted:7/27/2012
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