Las Cruces Public Schools: High School Course Catalog by T8QqX451

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									       Las Cruces Public Schools
  2010-2011 High School Course Catalog




     Las Cruces High School |Mayfield High School |Oñate High School
        San Andres Learning Center | Mesilla Valley Training Center




505 South Main Street, Suite 249| Las Cruces, New Mexico, 88001 | www.lcps.k12.nm.us
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011




Dear Students and Parents,

It is our goal to help students make informed and wise decisions regarding their high school program. This
Course Handbook is designed to assist in that effort by providing you with a brief description of each course
offered at Las Cruces High School, Mayfield High School, Oñate High School, Mesilla Valley Training Center
(MVTC) and San Andres Learning Center (SALC). Each of the three comprehensive high schools offers a wide
range of choices for our students. The two alternative sites, MVTC and SALC, offer hands-on career training,
on-line academic and elective courses, dual credit courses, and individualized instructional programs.
Additionally, SALC has credit recovery options, night and Saturday school offerings.

Students, as you select courses to take each year, please keep in mind (1) graduation requirements, (2) post-
secondary entrance requirements at two- and four-year institutions, and (3) career goals. The importance of
selecting a strong academic program cannot be over-emphasized. LCPS encourages all students to challenge
themselves academically by enrolling in dual credit, honors and advanced placement courses.

As you work with your counselor, faculty advisor and parents to develop and review your academic choices
and complete the Next Step plan, you should discuss tentative course selections and review past academic
performance. This will assist you in making good academic choices that will move you closer to your post-
secondary and career plans.

Finally, all students and parents should understand that the Board of Education and staff of LCPS high schools
are committed to making all schools exemplary.

In keeping with that goal, we will expect you as an LCPS high school student to:
     Celebrate learning. Invest your best effort in academic and co-curricular activities;
     Challenge yourself. Accept responsibility for your learning, decisions, and actions;
     Seek help when you need it. Teachers and counselors are available to assist you when you are
        experiencing difficulty with any part of your education program;
     Attend school. Accept responsibility to attend each of your classes daily;
     Value others. Treat the staff and each other with consideration and respect;
     Value yourself. Conduct yourself in a way that contributes to a safe and orderly atmosphere and
        ensures the rights of others.

We are looking forward to a successful 2010-11 school year.

Sincerely,



Stan Rounds
Superintendent of Schools


2                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                                         High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

                                                                  Table of Contents
General Information ............................................................................................................................................ 5
   Classification of Students ................................................................................................................................ 5
   Graduation Requirements ............................................................................................................................... 5
   Repeated Courses ............................................................................................................................................ 6
   Credit Regulations ........................................................................................................................................... 6
   Drop/Add Procedure ....................................................................................................................................... 7
   On-Line and Correspondence Courses ............................................................................................................ 7
   Advanced Placement (AP) Program ................................................................................................................ 7
   Grade Transfer Policy ...................................................................................................................................... 7
   Grading Scale ................................................................................................................................................... 8
Las Cruces High School ........................................................................................................................................ 9
Mayfield High School ......................................................................................................................................... 10
Oñate High School ............................................................................................................................................. 11
Mesilla Valley Training Center ........................................................................................................................... 12
San Andres Learning Center .............................................................................................................................. 13
Category I: Core Courses .................................................................................................................................. 15
   English Courses .............................................................................................................................................. 17
   Mathematics Courses .................................................................................................................................... 20
   Science Courses ............................................................................................................................................. 23
   Social Science and History Courses ............................................................................................................... 27
   Special Education Courses ............................................................................................................................. 30
Category II: Elective Courses ............................................................................................................................. 31
   Agriculture Elective Courses .......................................................................................................................... 33
   Arts: Music – Band Elective Courses.............................................................................................................. 38
   Arts: Music – Choir Elective Courses ............................................................................................................. 40
   Arts: Music – Orchestra Elective Courses ...................................................................................................... 41
   Arts: Theater Elective Courses....................................................................................................................... 42
   Arts: Visual Arts Elective Courses .................................................................................................................. 43
   Automotive Elective Courses......................................................................................................................... 47
   Business Elective Courses .............................................................................................................................. 48
   Communication Skills Courses....................................................................................................................... 51
   Computer Applications and Computer Science Elective Courses ................................................................. 53
   Construction Trades Elective Courses ........................................................................................................... 56
   Creative Media Technology Elective Courses ................................................................................................ 59

      Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                                                     3
     High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

   Drafting Elective Courses............................................................................................................................... 60
   English Electives............................................................................................................................................. 61
   Family and Consumer Sciences Electives Courses......................................................................................... 63
   Health Education and Health Occupations Sciences Elective Courses .......................................................... 67
   Mass Communication Elective Courses ......................................................................................................... 69
   Military Science Elective Courses .................................................................................................................. 71
   Modern Foreign Languages Elective Courses ................................................................................................ 72
   Non-Department Elective Courses ................................................................................................................ 75
   Physical Education Elective Courses .............................................................................................................. 78
   Pre-Engineering Elective Courses .................................................................................................................. 81
   Science Elective Courses................................................................................................................................ 83
   Social Science Elective Courses ..................................................................................................................... 85
   Summary for Work Based Learning Elective Courses.................................................................................... 87
Category III: Alternative Offerings ..................................................................................................................... 89
   MVTC Course Descriptions ............................................................................................................................ 92
   San Andres Learning Center Offerings .......................................................................................................... 93




     4                                                                                                                           Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



                                       General Information
Classification of Students
9th Grade        Freshman - a student must be promoted to the 9th grade.
10th Grade       Sophomore - a student must have earned at least 7 credits.
11th Grade       Junior - a student must have earned at least 14 credits.
12th Grade       Senior - a student must have earned at least 21 credits.

Students who fail to meet the credit requirements for grade advancement will remain in the
same grade level the following school year. In some cases, credit deficiencies may be made up
in summer school. Final determination of grade level placement will be made in August after
summer school and prior to the opening of school.

Graduation Requirements
29 Units are required for graduation as follows:
           2010 Juniors and Seniors                      2010 Incoming Freshmen and Sophomores
  Subject Area       Units       Additional               Subject Area     Units    Additional
                                Information                                        Information
English                4                                English              4
Mathematics                  3     One must be          Mathematics             4      One must be
                                   equivalent to                                       equivalent to
                                   Algebra 1 or                                        Algebra II or
                                   higher                                              higher
Science                      3     Two must have        Science                 3      Two must have
                                   a laboratory                                        a laboratory
                                   component                                           component
Social Sciences             3.5    New Mexico           Social Sciences        3.5     New Mexico
                                   History .5                                          History .5
                                   World History-1                                     World History-1
                                   U.S. History-1                                      U.S. History-1
                                   Government/                                         Government/
                                   Economics-1                                         Economics-1
Physical                     1                          Physical                1
Education                                               Education
Communication                1                          Career Cluster,         1
Skills                                                  workplace
                                                        readiness or a
                                                        language other
                                                        than English
Electives                   13.5                        Electives              12.5
                                                        *One credit must be earned in an honors, on-
                                                        line, dual credit or AP course.
Total                       29                          Total                   29

Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                              5
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

    In addition, the following requirements must be met:
          Until July 2, 2010, a student who had not passed a state graduation examination,
           NMHSCE, in the subject areas of reading, English, mathematics, writing, science and
           social sciences shall not receive a high school diploma.
          Beginning with the 2010-2011 school year, a student shall not receive a New Mexico
           diploma of excellence if the student has not demonstrated competence in the
           subject areas of math, reading and language arts, writing, social studies and science,
           based on a standards-based assessment or assessments or a portfolio of standards-
           based indicators established by rule of the New Mexico Public Education
           Department.
          If a student exits from the school system at the end of grade twelve without having
           satisfied the requirements of this subsection, the student shall receive an
           appropriate state certificate indicating the number of credits earned and the grade
           completed. If within five years after a student exits from the school system the
           student satisfies the requirement of this subsection, the student may receive a New
           Mexico diploma of excellence.
          Next Step Plan – The state of New Mexico requires that students develop a Next
           Step Plan beginning in the spring of 8th grade. This plan, which is to be developed
           collaboratively between student, parents, and school designee, assists students in
           aligning their academic choices to their post-secondary and career goals.


Repeated Courses

On occasion, a student may desire to repeat a course that has been previously taken and
passed, and for which credit has been awarded. In such a circumstance, the student must
complete and submit a repeat credit request form to their counselor. The student will not
receive additional credit for a course previously passed, but the highest grade earned in the
course will be used to calculate the cumulative grade point average (GPA).

In all cases, all grades earned remain on a student’s transcript. Once the course is in the
student’s transcript, under no circumstance will a course and or grade be removed from the
transcript, such an action is illegal.

Credit Regulations
Las Cruces Public Schools allows students to earn only 12 credits per academic year – 6 each
semester. This total includes credits earned in day school and any credits earned in alternative
programs.




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                                                                  High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Drop/Add Procedure
All schedule changes should be made prior to the beginning of each semester.
After the semester begins a request to change classes form may be picked up in the guidance
office. This form must signed by student and parent. Schedule changes will be considered for
the following reasons:
            Lack of prerequisite
            Graduation requirement needed
            Failed courses that need to be rescheduled
            Inappropriate placement
            Result of a parent conference
            Student schedule is incomplete
            School error in student’s schedule
If the student withdraws from a course after the 25th school day of the semester in which the
class begins, a notation will not be made on the student’s report card or transcript.
If a student withdraws from a course on or before the 25th day of the semester in which the
class begins, but before the end of the first nine (9)-week period, a notation of “WP or “WF”
will be entered on the student’s permanent record, transcript, and report card. This grade will
not be calculated in the student’s GPA.
If a student withdraws from a course after the end of the first nine (9)-weeks grading period of
a semester in which the class begins, a grade of “F” will be recorded on the student’s
permanent record, transcript, and report card. The grade will be calculated in the student’s
GPA.
Students enrolled in zero hour and/or dual credit courses will be subject to the withdrawal
guidelines sited above.

On-Line and Correspondence Courses
Students may take accredited on-line and correspondence coursework for graduation
requirements and electives. Courses must be pre-approved by the Principal or administrative
designee.

Advanced Placement (AP) Program
The Advanced Placement Program is a nationwide program based on the premise that some
students can complete college-level studies while still in high school. In May the College Board
gives examinations in all AP subjects. Based on the examination performance, students may
receive advanced standing in college courses or credit toward graduation from college.
Depending upon the college or university scores of 3, 4, or 5 typically result in awarding of
credit for one or more semesters of college level work.
Advanced Placement courses earn 0.0344 bonus points for each successfully completed credit. If a
course is .5 credits, half of the bonus points (0.172) will be awarded. Bonus points are added directly to
the calculated GPA to yield the weighted GPA.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                7
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Grade Transfer Policy
When a student transfers from another high school, transferred credits and grades from other
school systems shall be converted by the principal/designee into appropriate LCPS credits and
are included in the GPA computation.
a) Advanced level courses or Honors level courses weighted in other districts and not in LCPS,
will not receive weighting upon conversion to LCPS.
b) For transferred credits (non-LCPS courses) to which marks such as “O” (Outstanding), “S”
(Satisfactory), and “U” (Unsatisfactory) or numeric grades or percentages have been assigned,
the former school must translate such marks to a scale of A, B, C, D, and F.
Grading Scale
Performance
    Level                               Description of Student Performance
 “A” Level  The student’s work exceeds all of the basic requirements of the challenge/task at a very
            high level of competence. It is clear, carried out with unusual precision and skill, and
   90-100   demonstrates an in-depth understanding and analysis of the content and the challenge
            itself. The work is presented in an original and creative manner that communicates either
            new insights or intriguing perspectives.

    “B” Level   The student’s work exceeds all of the basic requirements of the challenge/task at a high
                level of competence. It is complete, has no significant errors, and demonstrates a
     80-89      thorough grasp of the content and the challenge/task itself. In addition, the work is well-
                presented, and facts and ideas have been combined in order to generalize or explain
                conclusions and interpretations of the ideas and concepts studied.

    “C” Level   The student’s work satisfies the basic requirements of the challenge/task at an
      70-79     acceptable level of competence. It shows the required grasp of key ideas and concepts, is
                presented in an adequate manner, and conveys the key ideas of the challenge/task itself.
                Work at this level meets only the minimum level of performance and should be
                considered a point from which improvement should begin.

    “D” Level   The student’s work does not satisfy the basic requirements of the challenge/task and
      60-69     must show improvement. This work demonstrates a minimal understanding of key ideas
                and concepts, lacks clarity and precision in its presentation, and demonstrates little
                understanding of the challenge/task itself. This work meets only the minimum level of
                competence for granting credit.

    “F” Level   The student has not met the basic requirements for “D Level Performance” in the course.
    Below 60    All strategies and/or time available to satisfy this academic requirement have been
                exhausted, and “No Credit” will be awarded for this course work.




8                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011




                                                             Las Cruces High School

                           Mission Statement           Las Cruces High School dedicates itself to establishing a culture of
                                                       continuous improvement by providing a nurturing educational
                                                       environment which fosters respect for diversity, engaged and active
                                                       learning, shared responsibility, high expectations, and student
                                                       success in life-long studies and careers.

                           About Las Cruces High       Las Cruces High School opened in 1954. It was the first high school in
                                                       Las Cruces New Mexico. LCHS serves approximately 2,300 9th -12
                                                       graders.

                           School Administration       Nyeta Haines, Principal
                                                       Bobbie Campos, Assistant Principal
                                                       Anthony Chavez, Assistant Principal
                                                       Lorraine Paz, Assistant Principal
                                                       Gina Rivera, Assistant Principal

                          The administration of Las Cruces High School is organized under a guidance partner concept.
                          Students are assigned an assistant principal / counselor team, based on the beginning letter of the
                          student’s last name. Students confer with their guidance team on all school-related issues ranging
                          from scheduling, counseling, and career planning to attendance and discipline.

                          You may reach the guidance office by calling 527-9400.
                                   Last Name                     Assistant Principal                   Counselor
                                      A-E                         Anthony Chavez                     Ellen Wildman
                                       F-L                           Gina Rivera                     Cecilia Middagh
                                     M-Rm                           Lorraine Paz                      David Jaquez
                                      Rn-Z                         Bobby Campos                      Barbara Mexal
 Las Cruces High School




                                             1755 El Paseo Rd. • Las Cruces, NM 88001 • (575) 527-9400

Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                9
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011




  Mayfield                              High School

  Mayfield High School is situated in the north valley of the Las Cruces metropolitan area.
  Opened in 1965, the staff and faculty numbering 217 are committed to ensuring that
  students of all ability levels are prepared for the challenges of life after high school.
  Mayfield High School is a comprehensive high school offering students the opportunity to
  explore both academic and technical objectives. Our 2 x 4 block schedule is designed to meet
  the needs of a truly diverse student population.
  School enrollment currently stands at 2,450 students for grades 9-12. Students with Hispanic
  heritage make up 59% of the student population while 41% of the students are non-Hispanic
  (African-American, Asian, Native American, and Anglo among others).
  All students at Mayfield declare a focus from thirteen career clusters including Agriculture,
  Food & Natural Resources; Architecture & Construction; Arts, A/V Technology &
  Communication; Business Management & Administration; Health Science; Hospitality &
  Tourism; Human Services; Information Technology; Law, Public Safety & Security;
  Manufacturing; Marketing, Sales & Service; Science, Technology, Engineering & Math;
  Transportation, Distribution & Logistics. Students, parents, and faculty then collaborate
  through the Career Advisement Program (CAPS) to schedule classes that will best equip them
  for college or the world of work.
  School Administration         Jo Beth Hawk, Principal
                                Rich Melendez, Assistant Principal
                                Jeff Brilliant, Assistant Principal
                                Angelina Holguin-Dotson, Assistant Principal
                                Eric Lopez, Assistant Principal

  Counseling Assignments
                                    Vicky Alarcon        D, N-R
                                   Sue Bergstrom         A-C
                                  Cherisse Beshears      E-H
                                   Beth Bumpers          I-M
                                     Randy Paz           S-Z & ELL Students
                                                                                                      Mayfield High School




                  1955 N Valley Dr. • Las Cruces, NM 88007 • (575) 527-9415
10                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                    High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011




                                                      Oñate High School



                        The Oñate High School community works to provide a safe, supportive
                        environment with varied educational opportunities designed to
                        strengthen students’ academic skills, to expand their knowledge base, and
                        to develop positive character traits, so they may become more
                        responsible, productive citizens.



                     School            Tom Phelps, Principal
                     Administration    David Day, Assistant Principal            A-E
                                       Gloria Mendoza, Assistant Principal       F-L
                                       Christina Mullins, Assistant Principal    M- Ri
                                       Pamela Bush, Assistant Principal          Ro-Z

                     Counseling
                     Assignments           Kerri Pyaett        A-E
                                           Miguel Oaks         F-L
                                           Valerie Groll       M-Ri
                                          Monte Womble         Ro-Z
                                          Marisa Zamora        Registrar
 Oñate High School




                            5700 Mesa Grande Dr • Las Cruces, NM 88011 • (575) 527-9430




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                             11
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011




                                  Mesilla Valley Training Center

  Mesilla Valley Training Center (MVTC) is a vocational high school within the Las Cruces Public
  School district that provides career and technical education (CTE) using a hands-on
  approach. Our goal is to help prepare today's 8th – 12th grade students for future obstacles.
  We do this by providing students with relevant contexts for learning and motivating them to
  set career goals.
  The mission of MVTC is to:
         Develop and refine marketable employability skills and work ethics
         Improve self-confidence and self-respect
         Gain independence and responsibility in the academic and work environments
         Refine and incorporate appropriate social skills in school, at home and in a work-
          related environment
         Reinforce academic skills in the areas of math, reading, and science
         Transfer learned employability skills to a work or post-secondary environment
         Utilize technology to access and manipulate information for personal and academic
          improvement
         Maximize student potential

  Students may earn two core credits while at MVTC: An Integrated Science credit while being
  enrolled in our Horticulture program and a Communication Skills credit can be earned
  through the Computer Application/Information Technology or Agri-Marketing programs.
  Additional core credits are earned while attending their academic home school. MVTC
  works in conjunction with academic high schools to ensure that all credits needed for
  graduation are met within their four year plan.




                                                                                                     Mesilla Valley Training Center
       School Administration Joy Walkey, Principal
                             Denise Ashby, Assistant Principal
                             Anthony Plaza, Assistant Principal




                    400 W. Bell • Mesilla Park, NM 88047 • (575) 527-6059



12                                                                                Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                         High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



                                                       San Andres Learning Center
                              San Andres Learning Center seeks to provide a supportive, challenging, and alternate
                              learning environment. Students are encouraged to be in charge of their education, giving
                              them the opportunity to develop creativity, independence, responsibility, time management
                              and critical thinking skills. Mastery of all academic courses is emphasized, allowing students
                              to view themselves as capable of achieving their educational goals.
                                   Flexible Scheduling - Day School, Night School, Saturday Courses, and Summer School
                                   Quality Curriculum and Instruction - Comprehensive offerings in all core academics and
                                    elective courses
                                   Individualized Learning - Each student has the opportunity to develop their academic
                                    plan and goals. This plan, the Next Step Plan, is developed collaboratively with the
                                    student, parent, counselor, and/or faculty advisor, will assist students in aligning their
                                    academic choices with their post-secondary and career plans.
                                   Credit Recovery Options - Challenging and engaging, NovaNET is a comprehensive,
                                    computer supported courseware system that offers students the opportunity to earn
                                    credits toward graduation in mathematics, English, science and social studies curricula in
                                    addition to a variety of elective offerings.
                                   Dual Credit Opportunities - Students qualified to enroll in dual credit have the
                                    opportunity to receive credit at DACC/NMSU and credits toward high school graduation
                                    simultaneously. See your counselor for eligibility requirements
                                   On-line Courses - Many sources are available for on-line courses. LCPS requires that all
                                    courses eligible for high school graduation credit are from an accredited institution.
                                   Work-Based Learning - Have a career in mind? Through work-based learning you will
                                    have the opportunity to gain valuable work experience in your chosen career field.


                                  School Administration Joy Walkey, Principal
 San Andres Learning Center




                                                        Anthony Plaza, Assistant Principal




                                                       Highway 28 • Mesilla, NM 88046 • (575) 527-6058


Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                        13
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011




14                                     Las Cruces Public Schools
                            High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011




                                                           Category I: Core Courses




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                15
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011




16                                     Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                 High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



English Courses
All of the following courses meet state standards for English credit toward graduation. All students must
complete four English credits for graduation. LCPS encourages all students to challenge themselves
academically by enrolling in dual credit, honors and advanced placement courses.

                                                                     Offered at:




                                                Grade Level

                                                              LCHS




                                                                                   SALC
                                                                       MHS

                                                                             OHS
  Course #                  Title                                                                      Prerequisite
 ENG10014       English/Language Arts I          9                                    None
 ENG10015       Honors English/Language                                                   None
                                                 9                              
                Arts I
 ENG10024       English/Language Arts II       10                                     English I

 ENG10025       Honors English/Language                                                   Honors English I or English I
                                               10                          
                Arts II
 ENG10034       English/Language Arts III      11                                     English II
 ENG10035       Honors English/Language                                                   Honors English II
                                               11                           
                Arts III
 ENG10044       English/Language Arts IV –                                                Honors English II,
                                               12                               
                World Literature                                                          Honors English III, or English III
 ENG10045       Honors English/Language                                                   Honors English III or AP English
                                               12                               
                Arts IV                                                                   Language
 ENG10444       English/Language Arts IV –                                                Honors English II or English III or
                                               12                          
                British Literature                                                        English IV - World
 ENG10125       AP English Language &                                                     Honors English II or English III – LCHS
                Composition                    11                                       Honors English III or Teacher
                                                                                          recommendation - OHS
 ENG10135       AP English Literature &                                                   Honors English III or AP Language –
                Composition                                                               LCHS; Honors English IV – MHS;
                                               12                          
                                                                                          Honors English IV or Teacher
                                                                                          recommendation - OHS
 ENG10614       English Transition             9-12                                    None
 ENG10638       English Language                                                          Placement screening (part of a
                                               9-12                        
                Development                                                               Bilingual Education Program)
 ENG10628       English as a Second Language   9-12                                    Placement




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                       17
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

English Course Descriptions
English/Language Arts I
This course builds upon the student’s prior knowledge of grammar, vocabulary, word usage and
mechanics of writing. The skills of reading, research, writing, speaking and listening will be developed.
Students read various genres of literature such as novels, short stories, dramas, and poetry. They will
respond through writing.

Honors English/Language Arts I
This course is the first in the sequence of courses leading to Advanced Placement (AP) English 11 and 12
and is recommended for students reading significantly above grade level. The study of literature
encompasses various genres with an emphasis on novels. Students will learn researched based
strategies to improve their reading comprehension, develop skills to determine the author’s intent and
theme, and recognize the techniques employed by the author. Students will write persuasive and
critical thematic essays and a research paper.

English/Language Arts II
This course offers a balanced focus on composition and literature. Skill building continues upon the
student’s prior knowledge of grammar, vocabulary, word usage and mechanics of writing. Students
write persuasive, critical, and multi-paragraph thematic essays as well as a research paper. The study of
literature encompasses various genres as students develop the skills to determine the author's intent
and theme, and recognize the literary elements employed by the author.

Honors English/Language Arts II
This course is the second in the sequence leading to Advanced Placement English 12 and is
recommended for students who have been successful in pre-AP English 9 and are reading significantly
above grade level. Emphasis will be placed on close reading and analysis of works from American
literature, as well as non-fiction texts. Students will cultivate more advanced literary techniques with
the aim of increasing the sophistication of their reading and comprehension. Required writing
assignments, including an in-depth research project, will develop and improve critical thinking and
composition skills.

English/Language Arts III
This course continues to develop students’ writing skills, emphasizing clear and logical writing
organization and vocabulary enrichment. Students will write essays and a research paper. Students will
read works of American literature, including the genres of poetry, short story, essay, novel, play, and
biography. An emphasis will be placed upon literary conventions and stylistic devices. Preparation for
ACT/SAT subtests will also be included.

Honors English/Language Arts III
This course is the third in the sequence of courses leading to Advanced Placement (AP) English 12 and is
recommended for students reading significantly above grade level. This course blends composition and
literature into a cohesive whole, as students write critical and comparative analyses of selected
literature. Selected readings will engage students in the study of British literature and culture. Multi
paragraph essays dominate as the form of student composition, including a research paper. Preparation
for the language subtests of the ACT/SAT will also be included.




18                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


English/Language Arts IV – World Literature
This course blends composition and literature into a cohesive whole, as students write critical and
comparative analyses of selected literature and write a research paper. Selected readings engage
students in a study of World literature and various cultures. Typically, multi paragraph essays dominate
as the form of student composition. Preparation for the ACT/SAT language subtests will also be
included.

English/Language Arts IV – British Literature - This course blends composition and literature into a
cohesive whole as students write critical and comparative analyses of selected literature. Selected
readings engage students in a study of British literature and culture. Required writing assignments
develop and improve critical thinking and analytical skills. Multi paragraph essays dominate as the form
of student composition. A research paper will be written. Preparation for the ACT/SAT subtests will be
included.

Honors English/Language Arts IV
 This course is designated to be the last step in the honors English sequence for Mayfield and Onate High
Schools and is a prerequisite for the Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition. The
course prepares students for college-level reading and writing through the study of representative
works from world literature.

AP English Language & Composition
This course is designed to parallel a college level composition course, AP Language and Composition
teaches students to analyze and interpret samples of good writing; to write for a variety of purposes and
different audiences; and to produce expository, analytical and argumentative compositions that
introduce a central idea and develop it with appropriate evidence. This course prepares students for the
Advanced Placement Language and Composition Exam.

AP English Literature & Composition
This course is designed to parallel college level English courses; AP English Literature and Composition
courses enable students to develop critical standards for evaluating literature. Students study the
language, character, action, and theme in works of recognized literary merit; enrich their understanding
of connotation, metaphor, irony, syntax, and tone; and write compositions of their own (including
literary analysis, exposition, argument, and narrative). This course is intended to prepare students for
the optional Advanced Placement Exam in this subject.

English Transition
This course is designed for the rapid mastery of the English language, focusing on reading, writing,
speaking, and listening skills. ESL courses usually begin with extensive listening and speaking practice,
build on auditory and oral skills, then move to reading and writing. Basic structures of the English
language are explained and students progress from an elementary understanding of English words and
verb tenses to a more comprehensive grasp of the English language.

English as a Second Language
This course includes level 1, 2, and 3. It is designed to assist students who are learning English as second
language to acquire the necessary skills to read, write, speak, listen and understand English content in
mainstream classes. The students will learn content standards and curriculum as aligned by New Mexico
English Language Development Standards. This course may be repeated.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                 19
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

English Language Development (part of a Bilingual Education Program)
This course is a level 4 ESL course. It is designed to focus student language acquisition to blend
composition and literature into a cohesive whole. Students will use prior knowledge of grammar,
vocabulary, word usage, and mechanics of writing. The course includes the four aspects of language
use: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Students will use critical thinking skills, will write multi-
paragraph essays, and will complete a major research paper.


Mathematics Courses
All of the following courses meet state standards for a Math credit toward graduation. 2009 freshmen
are required to complete four Math credits and upper-classmen, three Math credits. LCPS recommends
that all students take a math course each year of high school to complete four math credits and
encourages all students to challenge themselves academically by enrolling in dual credit, honors and
advanced placement courses. Recommended sequence: Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2; the
fourth math credit should align with students’ post-secondary and career goals.


                                                                       Offered at:
                                                  Grade Level


                                                                LCHS




                                                                                     SALC
                                                                         MHS

                                                                               OHS
     Course #                   Title                                                                    Prerequisite
 MAT20323       Algebra I Part I                   9                                       None
 MAT20333       Algebra I Part II                  9                                       None
  MAT2031       Algebra 1                          9                                    None
 MAT20315       Honors Algebra 1                   9                                     None
 MAT20344       Geometry                         9-10                                   Algebra 1
 MAT20345       Honors Geometry                  9-10                                    Algebra 1
 MAT20414       Algebra 2                       11-12                                   Geometry
 MAT20415       Honors Algebra 2                11-12                                    Geometry
 MAT20424       Algebra 3                       11-12                                      Algebra 2
 MAT20624       Probability and Statistics                                                  Geometry or Algebra 2
                                                11-12           
                (Algebra 1 Level)
 MAT20634       Probability and Statistics                                                  Algebra 1
                                                11-12                         
                (Algebra 2 Level)
 MAT20494       Trigonometry                    11-12                                    Algebra 2
 MAT 20534      Pre-Calculus                    11-12                                    Honors Geometry or Trigonometry
 MAT20555       Calculus                        11-12                                     Trigonometry or Pre-Calculus
 MAT20585       AP Calculus AB                  11-12                                    Calculus
 MAT20595       AP Calculus BC                  11-12                                    AP Calculus AB
 MAT20605       AP Statistics                                                               Algebra 2 - LCHS
                                                11-12                         
                                                                                            And Statistics - OHS




20                                                                                                      Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Mathematics Course Descriptions

Algebra I-Part II – This first year in a two year sequence of Algebra I. This course generally covers the
same topics as the first semester of Algebra I, including the of properties of rational numbers (i.e.,
number theory), ratio, proportion, and estimation, exponents and radicals, the rectangular coordinate
system, sets and logic, formulas, and solving first degree equations and inequalities.

Algebra I-Part II – The second year in a two year sequence of Algebra I. This course generally covers the
same topics as the second semester of Algebra I, including the study of properties of the real number
system and operations, evaluating rational algebraic expressions, solving and graphing first degree
equations and inequalities, translating word problems into equations, operations with and factoring of
polynomials, and solving simple quadratics.

Algebra 1 - This course includes the study of properties and operations of the real number system;
evaluating rational algebraic expressions; solving and graphing first degree equations and inequalities;
translating word problems into equations; operations with and factoring of polynomials; and solving
simple quadratic equations. This course will provide students with a basic foundation of algebra skills
enabling them to advance to Geometry, and Algebra 2.

Honors Algebra 1 – This course is a rigorous study of the Algebra 1. It includes the study of properties
and operations of the real number system; evaluating rational algebraic expressions; solving and
graphing first degree equations and inequalities; translating word problems into equations; operations
with and factoring of polynomials; and solving simple quadratic equations. This course will provide
students with a strong foundation of algebra skills enabling them to advance to Honors Geometry, and
Honors Algebra 2.

Geometry – This course emphasizes an abstract, formal approach to the study of geometry and includes
topics such as properties of plane and solid figures; deductive methods of reasoning and use of logic;
geometry as an axiomatic system including the study of postulates, theorems, and formal proofs; rules
of congruence, similarity, parallelism, and perpendicularity; and rules of angle measurement in triangles,
including trigonometry, coordinate geometry, and transformational geometry.

Honors Geometry – This course is a rigorous study of Geometry topics. Emphasis will be placed on an
abstract and formal approach to the study of geometry which includes topics such as properties of plane
and solid figures; deductive methods of reasoning and use of logic; geometry as an axiomatic system
including the study of postulates, theorems, and formal proofs; rules of congruence, similarity,
parallelism, and perpendicularity; and rules of angle measurement in triangles, including trigonometry,
coordinate geometry, and transformational geometry.

Algebra 2 - This course includes the study of field properties and theorems; set theory; operations with
rational and irrational expressions; factoring of rational expressions; an in-depth study of linear
equations and inequalities; quadratic equations; solving systems of linear and quadratic equations;
graphing of constant, linear, and quadratic equations; properties of higher degree equations; and
operations with rational exponents.

Honors Algebra 2 - This course is a rigorous study of Algebra topics that include field properties and
theorems; set theory; operations with rational and irrational expressions; factoring of rational
expressions; in-depth study of linear equations and inequalities; quadratic equations; solving systems of
linear and quadratic equations; graphing of constant, linear, and quadratic equations; properties of
higher degree equations; and operations with rational and irrational exponents. A graphing calculator is
required for this course.
Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                   21
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011


Algebra 3 -The topics covered in this course will include operations with rational and irrational
expressions, factoring of rational expressions, linear equations and inequalities, quadratic equations,
solving systems of linear and quadratic equations, properties of higher degree equations, and
operational with rational and irrational exponents. A graphing calculator is required for this course.

Probability and Statistics (Algebra 1 Level) - This course focuses on descriptive statistics, with an
introduction to inferential statistics. Topics include event probability, normal probability distribution,
collection and description of data, frequency tables and graphs, measures of central tendency and
variability, random variables, and random sampling.

Probability and Statistics (Algebra 2 Level) - This course emphasizes both descriptive and inferential
statistics. Topics include event probability; probability distributions including binomial and normal
distributions; analysis of data; measures of central tendency and variability; random variables; random
sampling; central limit theorem; confidence intervals; and hypothesis testing.

Trigonometry – This course prepares students for eventual work in calculus and includes the study the
following topics: trigonometric and circular functions; their inverses and graphs; relations among the
parts of a triangle; trigonometric identities and equations; solutions of right and oblique triangles; and
complex numbers. A graphing calculator is required for this course.

Pre-Calculus – This course combines the study of Trigonometry, Elementary Functions, Analytic
Geometry, and Math Analysis topics as preparation for calculus. Topics include the study of complex
numbers; polynomial, logarithmic, exponential, rational, right trigonometric, and circular functions, and
their relations, inverses and graphs; trigonometric identities and equations; solutions of right and
oblique triangles; vectors; the polar coordinate system; conic sections; Boolean algebra and symbolic
logic; mathematical induction; matrix algebra; sequences and series; and limits and continuity. A
graphing calculator is required.

Calculus – This course is intended for students who have attained pre-calculus objectives. The course
will include the study of derivatives, anti-derivatives, differentiation, integration, the definite and
indefinite integral, and applications of calculus. A graphing calculator is required.

AP Calculus AB - Calculus AB provides students with an intuitive understanding of the concepts of
calculus and experience with its methods and applications. It introduces the following topics:
elementary functions; properties of functions and their graphs; limits and continuity; differential
calculus (including definition of the derivative, derivative formulas, theorems about derivatives,
geometric applications, optimization problems, and rate-of-change problems); and integral calculus
(including anti-derivatives and the definite integral). This course is intended to prepare students for the
optional Advanced Placement Exam. A graphing calculator is required.

AP Calculus BC - This course provides students with an intuitive understanding of the concepts of
calculus and experience with its methods and applications, and also requires additional knowledge of
the theoretical tools of calculus. This course assume a thorough knowledge of elementary functions, and
covers all of the calculus topics in AP Calculus AB as well as the following topics: vector functions,
parametric equations, and polar coordinates; rigorous definitions of finite and nonexistent limits;
derivatives of vector functions and parametrically defined functions; advanced techniques of integration
and advanced applications of the definite integral; and sequences and series. This course is intended to
prepare students for the optional Advanced Placement Exam. A graphing calculator is required.



22                                                                                   Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                  High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

AP Statistics – This course introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing,
and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: exploring
data (observing patterns and departures from patterns), planning a study (deciding what and how to
measure), anticipating patterns (producing models using probability theory and simulation), and
statistical inference (confirming models). This course is intended to prepare students for the optional
Advanced Placement Exam.


Science Courses
All of the following courses meet state standards for a science credit toward graduation. Students are
required to complete three science credits, two of which must be laboratory sciences. LCPS
recommends that students take a science course each year of high school to complete four science
credits and encourages all students to challenge themselves academically by enrolling in dual credit,
honors and advanced placement courses. Recommended sequence: Physical Science, Biology, and
Chemistry or Physics; the fourth science credit should align with students’ post-secondary and career
goals.


                                                                      Offered at:
                                                 Grade Level


                                                               LCHS




                                                                                    SALC
                                                                        MHS
  Course #                     Title                                          OHS                      Prerequisite
  SCI17034      Integrated Earth and Physical                                              None
                                                  9                              
                Science
  SCI17035      Honors Integrated Earth                                                    None
                                                  9                         
                Physical Science
  SCI17114      Biology                          10                                    Physical Science
  SCI17115      Honors Biology                   10                                     Honors Physical Science
  SCI15504      Anatomy & Physiology            10-12                                   Biology
  SCI17155      AP Biology                      11-12                                   Honors Biology
  SCI17224      Chemistry in the Community      11-12                                    Physical Science, Biology
  SCI17214      Chemistry                       11-12                                  Physical Science, Biology, Algebra 1
  SCI17235      Honors Chemistry                11-12                                   Physical Science, Biology, Algebra 1
  SCI17255      AP-Chemistry                    11-12                                   Honors Chemistry
  SCI17314      Physics                         11-12                                   Physical Science, Biology, Algebra 2
  SCI17355      AP Physics B                                                               Chemistry, Trigonometry (or
                                                11-12                       
                                                                                           concurrent enrollment in Trig)
  SCI17365      AP Physics C: Mechanics         11-12                                     Chemistry, Calculus AB
 SCI17514E      Environmental Science           11-12                                   Physical Science, Biology
  SCI17184      Forensic Science                10-12                                   Physical Science, Biology
  SCI17024      Geology                         10-12                                   Physical Science, Biology, Algebra 1




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                    23
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Science Course Descriptions
Integrated Earth and Physical Science - Physical Science is an introductory study of chemistry and
physics. The chemistry portion will cover the physical and chemical properties of matter, its
classifications and changes. The physics portion will cover the laws of motion and mechanics and the
forms of energy. Throughout the course, scientific process skills and problem solving in a laboratory
setting will be emphasized. Career information and current events in science will be discussed. This
course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

Honors Integrated Earth and Physical Science - Honors Physical Science is a rigorous course designed to
teach the problem-solving skills needed for advanced study in physics and chemistry at the high school
level. The topics will be presented with a technical, mathematical, and experimental approach designed
for the serious science-motivated student. This class requires student dedication, responsibility and
attention to work both in and out of class as well as on projects. Students must have completed or be
concurrently enrolled in Algebra 1. This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for
graduation.

Biology - Biology is the study of organisms, the processes that keep them alive, and their interaction
with the environment. Topics including cell chemistry, cell biology, genetics, evolution, ecology, and
classification will covered. Laboratory investigations will be used to develop and reinforce students'
understanding of these topics. Biological current events, career information and personal and societal
issues will be presented. This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

Honors Biology - Honors Biology is a rigorous course designed to prepare students with the strong
academic background and skills required to pursue life-science related careers and college level studies
in the life sciences. Students will learn the principles of biochemistry, cell biology, cellular metabolism,
genetics, evolution, and classification. The topics will be presented with a technical and experimental
approach designed for the serious science-motivated student. This class requires student dedication,
responsibility and attention to work both in and out of class as well as on projects. This course satisfies
the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

Anatomy & Physiology - The purpose of this course is to provide students with an advanced and
detailed understanding of the structure and functions of the human body. It is intended to prepare
those who are interested in further specialized work in the medical or biological sciences. Laboratory
work including dissection and other hands-on activities will be used in teaching and reinforcing
conceptual information. This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

AP Biology - AP Biology is a course designed to prepare students to take the Advanced Placement
Biology Exam in May, through which students may receive university credit. The course follows the
College Board guidelines. Major topics to be studied include the chemistry of life, cells, cellular
energetics, heredity, molecular genetics, evolutiontary biology, the diversity of organisms, the structure
and function of plants and animals, and ecology. The twelve required AP Biology labs are a key
component of the course. Students should be prepared to spend significant amounts of additional time
outside the classroom on assignments, projects, and preparation for the exam. This course satisfies the
laboratory science requirement for graduation.




24                                                                                   Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                  High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Chemistry in the Community - Chemistry in the Community is an interdisciplinary chemistry course
designed for students who desire an understanding of chemical concepts and applications but who do
not plan to pursue science based careers. This lab-based course features activities that give students
practice in applying their knowledge of chemistry. Seven units of study cover concepts explained in the
context of societal issues, with an emphasis on organic, bio-, environmental and industrial chemistry.
Students learn concepts on a need-to-know basis, evaluate data, and make decisions based on their
knowledge and observations. This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

Chemistry - Chemistry deals with matter, its structure and composition, and how it changes. The
principles learned will be applied to the physical states of matter, chemical reactions, and bonding.
Laboratory experiments and demonstrations are used to teach safety procedures, the use of lab
equipment, and various experimental techniques. Math is applied in the calculation of chemical
quantities. This is a college preparatory course for serious students designed to develop scientifically
literate citizens through an understanding of the methods of science and the role of chemistry in society
and everyday life. Chemistry is a rigorous course requiring motivation, attention, effort, study time and
responsibility. This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

Honors Chemistry - Honors Chemistry is designed to prepare students with the strong academic
background and skills required to pursue science related careers and university-level studies in science.
The study of chemistry deals with matter, its structure and composition, and how it changes. The
principles learned will be applied to the physical states of matter, chemical reactions, and bonding.
Laboratory experiments and demonstrations are used to teach safety procedures, the use of lab
equipment, and various experimental techniques. Math is applied in the calculation of chemical
quantities. This is a college preparatory course for serious students designed to develop scientifically
literate citizens through an understanding of the methods of science and the role of chemistry in society
and everyday life. Chemistry is a rigorous course requiring motivation, attention, effort, study time and
responsibility. This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

AP Chemistry - This is a COLLEGE FRESHMAN-LEVEL COURSE for students desiring a rigorous, challenging
presentation of fundamental chemistry concepts. Students must have successfully completed Chemistry
and Algebra 2 to enroll in this course. AP Chemistry requires more time, effort, and formulation from
students than regular secondary chemistry courses. Topics include atomic theory and structure;
chemical bonding; nuclear chemistry; states of matter; and reactions (stoichiometry, equilibrium,
kinetics, and thermodynamics). AP Chemistry laboratories are equivalent to those of typical college
courses. This course follows the published College Board guidelines and is intended to prepare students
for the AP Chemistry Exam, which is offered in May, and may allow students to earn university credit.
This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

Physics - Physics is the study of the behavior of all matter in the universe, from atomic particles to
planets and galaxies. This course is for students planning to study science or engineering at the
university level and is a prerequisite to any of these majors. Students will learn to mathematically
analyze and describe motion, forces, energy and momentum interactions that occur in real world
events. In addition, the principles that govern wave behavior and relativity theory will be used to help
students gain a better understanding of both everyday phenomena and events on a cosmic scale.
This course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                  25
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

AP Physics B - This is a COLLEGE FRESHMAN-LEVEL COURSE for students desiring a rigorous, challenging
presentation of fundamental physics concepts. Students must have successfully completed Chemistry
and must have successfully completed or be concurrently enrolled in Trigonometry to enroll in this
course. AP Physics is a broad, rigorous college level introductory physics course with emphasis on
problem-solving. Students cover the fundamentals of physics with extensive use of trigonometry and
vector operations. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, electricity and magnetism, fluid dynamics,
thermal physics, atomic and nuclear physics, waves and optics. Students completing this course will be
prepared to take the AP Physics B exam. The course is particularly suitable for college-bound students
majoring in pre-medicine or life science studies not requiring a calculus-based physics course. This
course satisfies the laboratory science requirement for graduation.

AP Physics C: Mechanics - This is a COLLEGE FRESHMAN-LEVEL COURSE for students desiring a rigorous,
challenging presentation of fundamental physics concepts. Students must have successfully completed
Calculus AB or be concurrently enrolled in Calculus BC to enroll in this course. AP Physics C is a calculus-
based physics course designed to meet more colleges’ requirements for physics and engineering majors.
Electricity and magnetism and mechanics are covered. This course satisfies the laboratory science
requirement for graduation.

Environmental Science - This course is a study of the natural life on the planet. Ecological principles,
population, water, land, and air quality issues, as well as implications of human choices on the
environment are included. Students will have the opportunity to observe real-world problems by
studying the local ecology and integrating skills in different subject areas such as biology, chemistry,
agriculture, and many others. Students will apply their knowledge of science and social issues to a
variety of learning activities such as labs, problem solving tasks, and debates.

Forensic Science - This course presents the unifying principals of forensic science, discusses the
foundation of forensic science in basic science and mathematics, and introduces the technique of
integrating these areas in the solving of criminal cases. The philosophical, rational and practical
framework that supports a forensic investigation will be presented via an integrated curriculum.
Students will study forensic anthropology, biochemistry, chemistry, and physics as well as problem
solving techniques utilized in analyzing a crime scene. Other topics include ballistics, autopsies,
toxicology, microscopy, microbiology, and pathology.

Geology - Geology provides an in-depth study of the forces that formed and continue to affect the
earth's surface. Pertinent land forms and samples found in the Las Cruces area will be of major interest
to this course. Forces that have shaped the planet such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and erosion will be
studied along with the impact that humans have had on earth. The composition, formation, and
degradation of minerals, rocks, and land forms will be studied. Sedimentation, stratigraphy,
petrography, paleontology, and seismology will be introduced.




26                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011




Social Science and History Courses
All of the following courses meet state standards for social studies credit toward graduation. Students
are required to complete three and one-half social studies credits for graduation (the .5 credit required
of New Mexico History must be taken as a one credit course at OHS and MHS). LCPS encourages all
students to challenge themselves academically by enrolling in dual credit, honors and advanced
placement courses. Recommended sequence: New Mexico History, World History, U.S. History,
Government/Economics.


                                                                    Offered at:




                                               Grade Level


                                                             LCHS




                                                                                  SALC
                                                                      MHS

                                                                            OHS
  Course #                  Title                                                                       Prerequisite
  SST27174      New Mexico History              9                                    None
  SST27175      Honors New Mexico History       9                                       None
  SST27064      World History/Geography        10                                    New Mexico History
  SST27065      Honors World                                                             New Mexico History
                                               10                          
                History/Geography
  SST2709       Advanced European History     10-12                                     World History/Geography
  SST27105      AP European History                                                      World History/Geography – MHS
                                              10-12                        
                                                                                         None - OHS
                                               12                                       Concurrent enrollment AP English 12
  SST27294      U.S. History/Geography         11                                    World History/Geography
  SST27295      Honors U.S.                                                              World History/Geography
                                               11                          
                History/Geography
  SST27255      AP U.S. History                                                         Concurrent enrollment in English 11

                                               11                                        U.S History – MHS
                                                                                       Concurrent enrollment with AP
                                                                                         Gov/Econ - OHS
  SST27304      Government                     12                                    U.S. History
  SST27414      Economics                      12                                    U.S. History
  SST27305      Honors Government             10-12                                    U.S. History
  SST27415      Honors Economics              11-12                                    U.S. History
  SST27365      AP U.S. Government and                                                   U.S. History
                                              11-12                       
                Politics
  SST2737       AP Comparative Government     11-12                                     Teacher Recommendation




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                27
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Social Science and History Course Descriptions

New Mexico History - This survey course supports students to become more knowledgeable and aware
of the historical, cultural, economic, and political history of New Mexico and their geographical
connections. Students will also analyze the role that New Mexico plays in national and international
arenas.

Honors New Mexico History - This rigorous course will provide students with a more in-depth
knowledge and awareness of the historical cultural, economic, and political history of New Mexico and
its geographical connections. Students will also analyze the role that New Mexico plays in national and
international arenas.

World History/Geography - World History examines the economic, political, social, and cultural
similarities and differences among the major civilizations of the world. Major focus begins with the
Renaissance and Scientific Revolution (approximately 1500 AD). This course includes the study of
literature, art, music, philosophy of various world cultures and their contributions. This course carries
the study of world history to the present day.

Honors World History/Geography - This course provides an in-depth study of World History and
examines the economic, political, social, and cultural similarities and differences among the major
civilizations of the world. Major focus begins with the Renaissance and Scientific Revolution
(approximately 1500 AD). This course includes the study of literature, art, music, philosophy of various
world cultures and their contributions. This course carries the study of world history to the present day.
Emphasis is placed on the utilization of outside resources, higher order thinking skills, and writing.

Advanced European History - This course examines the development of political, social, and economic
movements in Europe in the past few centuries (from the Renaissance period, or later, up to the
contemporary period), and may include such topics as the rise of the modern nation state, scientific and
industrial revolutions, the age of exploration and nationalism, imperialism, and world war. Course
content may include the history of Russia over the same time period.

AP European History - This course examines European civilization from the High Renaissance period to
the recent past. Students will develop an understanding of some of the principal themes in modern
European history. This course will enhance students’ ability to analyze historical evidence, and the ability
to express that understanding and analysis in writing. This course is intended to prepare students for the
optional Advanced Placement Exam.

U.S. History/Geography - United States history deals with the social, political, economic, and cultural
development of the United States from the period of Reconstruction through its growth and role as a
world power in the 21st century. Also included in this course is a study of U.S. Geography to support
geographical concepts as they relate to the understanding of the development of the United States.

Honors U.S. History/ Geography - This course offers a rigorous study of the social, political, economic,
and cultural development of the United States from the period of Reconstruction through its growth and
role as a world power in the 21st century. Also included in this course is a study of U.S. Geography to
support geographical concepts as they relate to the understanding of the development of the United
States.




28                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

AP U.S. History - The AP American History course is designed to give students a wide survey of the
subject matter of American national development. U.S. History deals with the social, political, economic
and cultural development of the United States from its inception, to the Civil War and Reconstruction,
and further from the 1870s through its growth and role as a world power in the 21st century. The course
is equivalent of a full year introductory college course in American History. It is designed to prepare the
student for the optional Advanced Placement Exam.

Government - This course provides an understanding of the ideals, rights, and responsibilities of
citizenship and the content and history of the founding documents of the United States. It also includes
the constitutions of New Mexico and United States and how governments function at the local, state,
tribal, and national levels.
*Note – MHS and OHS combine the contents of both the Government and the Economics courses listed
here in the SST27304 course for students to earn the required Government/Economics credit.

Economics - This course provides students with an understanding of basic economic principles and use
of economic reasoning skills to analyze the impact of economic systems (including the market economy)
on individuals, families, businesses, communities, and governments.
*Note – MHS and OHS combine the contents of both the Government and the Economics courses listed
here in the SST27304 course for students to earn the required Government/Economics credit.

Honors Government - This course is designed for the student who desires to pursue an in-depth study
of Government. Government is a course that deals with the basic ideas contained in the constitution
and in city and state governments. This course requires additional outside research and preparation for
enrichment. This course is recommended for students wishing to enroll in Advanced Placement United
States History. *Note – MHS and OHS combine the contents of both the Government and the Economics
courses listed here in the SST27305 course for students to earn the required Government/Economics
credit.

Honors Economics - This course is designed for the student who desires to pursue an in-depth study of
Economics. The basic economic concepts such as supply and demand, world economic system, and the
role of the individual in government and economics will be studied. This course requires additional
outside research. This course is recommended for students wishing to enroll in Advanced Placement
United States History. *Note – MHS and OHS combine the contents of both the Government and the
Economics courses listed here in the SST27305 course for students to earn the required
Government/Economics credit.

AP U.S. Government & Politics - AP United States Government and Politics is an intensive study of the
formal and informal structure of government and the processes of the American political system. The
student will examine the institutions, participants and the processes, which characterize political activity
in the United States. Upon completion of this course, the student will have gained an intellectual
foundation for observing, analyzing and understanding national politics. This course is designed to
prepare the student for the optional AP Exam.

AP Comparative Government - This course offers students a basic understanding of the world's diverse
political structures and practices. It encompasses the study both of specific countries (including Great
Britain, France, the former Soviet Union, China, and either India, Mexico, or Nigeria), and of the general
concepts used to interpret the key political relationships found in virtually all-national policies. Course
content generally includes sources of public authority and political power; the relationship between
state and society; the relationships between citizens and states; political and institutional frameworks;
political change; and the comparative method. This course is intended to prepare students for the
optional Advanced Placement Exam.
Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                 29
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011



Special Education Courses
Students with exceptionalities are scheduled according to individual academic, and/or social needs.
Student case managers will work in collaboration with school guidance counselors and parents to ensure
appropriate placement and course scheduling.

                                                                       Offered at:




                                                  Grade Level




                                                                                   MVTC
                                                                LCHS




                                                                                          SALC
                                                                       MHS

                                                                             OHS
     Course #                 Title                                                                     Prerequisite
 RLV28022       Special Resources                9-12                                       None
 RLV28032       Community Living                 9-12                                       None
 RLV28042       Mobility Instruction             9-12                                       None
 RLV28062       Social Development Instruction   9-12                                       None
 RCP28072       Continuing Transition Program    9-12                                       None
 REL28082       Work Study                       9-12                                       None


Special Education Course Descriptions

RLV28022 Special Resources - Course provides students with educational services and resources as
needed. Reinforcement of any content area may be offered with the use of specific materials or
teaching techniques through group instruction or individual tutorial assistance.

RLV28032 Community Living - Course places a special emphasis on the student's relationship to the
surrounding community. Instruction varies with the students and their needs and IEP's; however, these
courses provide the skills necessary for independent functioning within the surrounding environment.
Course topics may include available community resources and how to access them; emergency skills;
and independent living strategies.

RLV28042 Mobility Instruction - Course, individualized according to each student's condition and needs,
are designed to improve a student's ability to move about and communicate within their surrounding
communities (school, neighborhood, workplace, and city or town). The student may be exposed to and
assisted in several types of situation to improve the student's mobility and increase the available
response options.

RLV28062 Social Development Instruction - Course teaches students the social skills needed for
independent functioning within the community. Topics may include self control, self expression, obeying
rules, decision making, appropriate situational behavior, and how to interact with others and maintain
relationships. Students may develop independence, self confidence, and self reliance.

RCP28072 Continuing Transition Program – This course is designed for students who are in the process
of moving from self contained to mainstream education, Transition courses aim to ease that passage
using tutoring, seminars on coping skills, personal counseling, and so on.

REL28082 Work Study - Course includes all work experience options described in IEP’s. Work sites may
be on or off campus and the work may result in stipends or wages.

30                                                                                                Las Cruces Public Schools
                            High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011




                                                           Category II: Elective Courses




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                   31
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011




32                                     Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



Agriculture Elective Courses

                                                                      Offered at:                     Prerequisite




                                                 Grade Level




                                                                                    MVTC
                                                               LCHS

                                                                          MHS
  Course #                      Title
  SCI01344      Agriscience                     9-10                                      None
 VOC01414       Horticulture Science            9-10                                      None
 VOC01334       Introduction to Agriculture     9-12                                      None
 MVT01414       Introduction to Horticulture    8-12                                      None
 VOC01454       Floriculture                                                               Horticulture Science or Intro to
                                                10-12          
                                                                                           Agriculture
 VOC01455       Floral Design                   11-12                                     Floriculture
 VOC01434       Greenhouse/Nursery                                                         Horticulture Science or Intro to
                                                11-12          
                Operations                                                                 Agriculture or Biology
 VOC01444       Landscaping 1                                                              Horticulture Science or Intro to
                                                10-12          
                                                                                           Agriculture or Technical Drafting
 VOC01445       Landscaping 2 (Advanced)        11-12                                     Landscaping 1
 MVT28022       MVT Landscaping                 8-12                                      None
 VOC01614       Animal Science                  10-12                                     None
 VOC01624       Science of Small Animals                                                   Intro to Agriculture or Biology
                                                10-12          

 VOC01634       Science of Large Animals        10-12                                     Intro to Agriculture or Biology
   SCI0142      Science of Agriculture                                                     Physical Science or Agriscience
                                                10-12                     
                Animals/Agronomy
   SCI0162      Science of Small and Large                                                 Science of Agriculture
                                                11-12                     
                Animals                                                                    Animals/Agronomy
 VOC01824F      Forestry Management             11-12                                     Intro to Agriculture or Biology
VOC01824W       Wildlife Management             10-12                                     Intro to Agriculture or Biology
 VOC01514       Introduction to Agriculture                                                Introduction to Agriculture
                                                10-12          
                Mechanics
 VOC01524H      Home Improvement                10-12                                     None
 VOC01534       Metal Fabrication for the Ag                                               Introduction to Ag Mechanics
                                                10-12                    
                Industry
 VOC01527       Agriculture Structures          10-12                                    Previous Ag Course
 VOC01544       Agricultural Power and                                                     Introduction to Ag Mechanics
                                                11-12                    
                Machinery
 VOC01924       Agricultural Entrepreneurship   11-12                                     Teacher recommendation
 VOC01374       Agricultural Leadership and                                                English 9 and English 10
                                                11-12          
                Communications
 VOC1374FA      Agricultural Leadership and                                                FFA Member/Previous Ag Course
                                                11-12                    
                Communications: FFA

Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                     33
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

                                                                       Offered at:                   Prerequisite




                                                  Grade Level




                                                                                     MVTC
                                                                LCHS

                                                                           MHS
     Course #                Title
 VOC01994       Agricultural Research           11-12                                      Teacher recommendation

 CTE02977       EXCEL – Work Based Learning     11-12                                    None

  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana                                                      COMPASS or ACT Test
                                                11-12                              
                Community College


Agriculture Elective Course Descriptions

Agriscience – This course will provide an introduction to the scientific principles upon which the
agricultural industry is based. Subject matter includes the physiological processes of agriculturally
important plants and animals, taxonomy and classification systems, soil and water chemistry, ecology,
entomology, exploring and measuring electricity, energy, and physical science laws as they apply to
agriculture. (This course satisfies a science credit toward graduation.)

Horticulture Science - The focus of this course is an introduction to the various areas included in the
horticultural industries. Students will understand the basic science of plants (botany) and be introduced
to the fields of entomology, hydroponics, landscape design, floral design, fruit and vegetable production,
soils, and marketing. The school greenhouses will used as a hands-on laboratory. There is a $10 project
fee for this course. (This course satisfies a science credit toward graduation.)

Introduction to Agriculture - The local, national, and global definitions, history, and scope of agriculture
in society is covered in this course. It also covers plant and animal sciences, production and processing;
agricultural mechanics, including tool and machine operation; business and natural resource
management; management of food and fiber systems; soil characteristics, formation and properties;
and development of leadership and communication skills. There is a $10 project fee for this course.

MVT Introduction to Horticulture - This program, offered at Mesilla Valley Training Center (MVTC), is
designed to provide students with a broad range of experiences and skills in the areas of greenhouse
and nursery production, basic floral design, plant propagation and pest management. Students have
access to the school’s greenhouse in addition to outdoor lab facilities. Students practice content-related
curriculum, participate in industry-related field trips and learn from guest speakers who specialize in the
horticulture industry.

Floriculture - Floral Design is a technical course that prepares students to design and arrange floral
materials and tropical and blooming plants for special occasions and for use and placement in interior
locations. Topics of instruction include identification and classification of fresh-cut floral materials; fresh
flower and foliage care and handling; design principles, elements, and mechanics; and the construction
of basic geometric designs, boutonnieres, and corsages using fresh-cut, dried, and/or permanent floral
materials. Also included is related information on tropical foliage and blooming plant identification,
interior landscape design, cultural requirements and tasks for maintaining healthy interior plants, and
safe work practices. There is a $10 project fee for this course.




34                                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                    High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Floral Design - Focus is on the floriculture industry including plant production, processing and
marketing, and principles of floral design. Students are often involved in a simulated floral shop on the
school grounds. Interior plantscaping may also be included in this course. There is a $10 project fee for
this course.

Greenhouse/Nursery Operations - The focus of this course is on the science of plants (botany). Specific
topics include photosynthesis and respiration, analysis of the difference of plant and animal cell
structure, genetics, taxonomy and classification. Also included are topics covering entomology,
hydroponics, soil chemistry, and plant diseases; virus and bacteria life cycles. The school greenhouses
will be used as a hands-on laboratory. There is a $10 project fee for this course.

Landscaping 1 - This is an introduction to landscape design, construction, and maintenance. Irrigation
systems for landscape design, including water conservation and use and xeriscape plants. Drawing
instruments and symbols used in designing the landscape plan. Identification and selection of landscape
ground covers, shrubs, trees, and other construction materials is included. There is a $10 project fee for
this course.

Landscaping 2 (Advanced) - Advanced landscape design, construction, and maintenance are studied.
Irrigation systems for the landscape design including water conservation and use and xeriscape plants.
Drawing instruments and symbols used in designing the landscape plan is covered. Identification and
selection of landscape ground covers, shrubs, trees, and other construction materials is included. Cost
estimates and landscaped proposals are also covered in this course. There is a $10 project fee for this
course.

MVT Landscaping - This program, offered at MVTC, focuses on landscape installation and maintenance
including designing and building patios, walkways and retaining walls and installing drip and sprinkler
systems. Landscape maintenance will include the upkeep of existing yards, ordering needed materials,
determining when to hire out work, and providing excellent customer service. Students also have the
opportunity to receive NCCER certification in the area of hand tools.

Animal Science - This course imparts information about the care and management of domesticated
animals. Animal nutrition, health, reproduction, genetics, facilities, and marketing are all possible topics.
The study of anatomy and physiology of livestock and other domesticated animals. Examination of
developmental stages and analysis of feed ration for different parts of an animal's life cycle.
Identification of environmental factors that affect an animal's performance will be studied. Recognition
of animal behaviors to facilitate working with animal safely is studied.

Science of Small Animals - A fall course, imparts information about the care and management of
domesticated animals. Animal nutrition, health, reproduction, genetics, facilities, and marketing are all
possible topics. The study of anatomy and physiology of livestock and other domesticated animals are
taught. Examination of developmental stages and analysis of feed ration for different parts of an
animal's life cycle. Identification of environmental factors that affect an animal's performance are
studied. Recognition of animal behaviors to facilitate working with animal safely is studied. Specific
focus of this course is on small animals including rabbits, fowl, dogs, and cats.

Science of Large Animals - A spring course, imparts information about the care and management of
domesticated animals. Animal nutrition, health, reproduction, genetics, facilities, and marketing are all
possible topics. The study of anatomy and physiology of livestock and other domesticated animals are
taught. Examination of developmental stages and analysis of feed ration for different parts of an
animal's life cycle. Also covered is identification of environmental factors that affect an animal's
performance.
Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                  35
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Science of Agriculture Animals/Agronomy – This course will focus on specific topics to include
photosynthesis, respiration, and analysis of the difference in plant and animal cell structure, genetics,
classification, taxonomy. Also included are topics including plant diseases; virus and bacteria life cycles
and effect on plant growth. This course will recognize the nature of biotechnology and its impact on the
agricultural industry.

Science of Small and Large Animals – Advanced animal science that will prepare students for a careers
in the veterinary field. This course will over information about care and management of domesticated
animals. The course will also include: animal nutrition, health, reproduction, anatomy, and physiology
of common animal species, veterinary asepsis, canine CPR, muzzling techniques, canine cephalic
venipuncture, feline jugular venipuncture restraint methods, and proper venipuncture technique,
suturing and wound closure. Students will also learn to recognize animal behaviors to facilitate animal
safety.

Forestry Management - A fall course, provides the information necessary for the cultivation and care of
forests or timberlands. Forestry topics covered are the processes of regeneration and reforestation,
conservation of natural resources, erosion control, trail development and maintenance, mapping and
surveying, operation of forestry tools, government regulations, and recreational uses.

Wildlife Management – A spring course, wildlife topics include land and ecological systems that enable
non-domesticated animals to thrive. Emphasis is on how humans and animals may both take advantage
of the same land, how to gain economic benefits from the land while not degrading its natural resources
or depleting the plant and animal populations.

Introduction to Agriculture Mechanics - This course provides for the skill and knowledge development
applicable to the tools and equipment used in the agricultural industry. In learning to apply basic
industrial knowledge and skills (engines, power, welding, and carpentry), a broad range of topics may be
explored, including the operation, mechanics, and care of tools and machines; the construction and
repair of structures. Introduction to electricity and power. Procedures for safe operations in the
agriculture shop area are also covered. There is a $15 project fee for this course.

Home Improvement - Home Maintenance and improvement develops student skills and knowledge
needed to maintain and improve homes and adjacent buildings, including the analysis of repair needs
and the use of approved safety techniques. Technical areas include residential pest control, roofing,
painting and trim, drywall, windows and doors, electricity, plumbing and water systems, HVAC systems,
fireplaces, concrete, and vehicle and small engine maintenance. Home inspection is emphasized. See
instructor for course fee.

Metal Fabrication for the Ag Industry - Topics for this course include oxyacetylene and mig welding
techniques including cutting, brazing, and welding. Fabrication techniques and project design including
estimating and developing materials list. Tool room management and safety procedures are essential to
the course are taught. There is a $15 project fee for this course.

Agriculture Structures - Topics for this course include surveying, concrete and masonry, plumbing,
drafting, carpentry and electrical wiring. Use of bids and billing information to develop a complete
materials list and project cost estimate. Use of measurement and layout tools and shop safety
procedures are taught. There is a $10 project fee for this course.




36                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Agricultural Power and Machinery - The course includes maintenance and troubleshooting, and repair
of small gas engines, auto and farm equipment maintenance. The student will troubleshoot problems
and evaluate performance to service and repair components of internal combustion engines. Follow
manufacturers' guidelines to service and repair power transmission systems. The student will utilize
maintenance manuals to service and repair hydraulic systems, and utilize schematics to service vehicle
electrical systems. There is a $15 project fee for this course.

Agricultural Entrepreneurship - Through this course the student will gain knowledge in the
development of a business enterprise. Financial and resource management is an important aspect of
this course. Classroom experience may involve further study in the field, improvement of responsibility
and career readiness skills.

Agricultural Leadership and Communications - This course is designed to strengthen students' personal
and group leadership skills. Topics such as public speaking, effective communication, human relations,
parliamentary law, and group dynamics are covered. Also covered is the development of Programs of
Work and Service Learning, including student development, chapter development, and community
development.

AG Leadership and Communications: Food for America - Through this program, students not only learn
about the impact that agriculture has on their daily lives, but also gain skills needed in reading, writing,
math, science, and social studies. Students will use problem solving and critical thinking skills. This
program allows FFA members to reach out to elementary students and teachers as they share with them
the exciting and awe-inspiring world of agriculture. There is a $10 project fee for this course.

Agricultural Research - Course provides knowledge and skills in specific areas of the agricultural industry
and is designed to adapt to the needs of the local community. Students will work under specified
agricultural teacher in the SAE project area.

EXCEL-Work Based Learning - Open to juniors and seniors as an exploratory course within a chosen
program of study.* Unpaid positions provide valuable job experience. This is a two-credit elective course
for one semester only. (Summer school experience is not counted in this credit limitation.)

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in many of
the subjects offered in the agriculture program. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE
office, 527-6050 for course availability and enrollment information.




                                                             DUAL CREDIT
                                                       High school students can enroll in many
                                                         dual-credit classes — earning college
                                                         credit while in high school. If you’re a
                                                       junior or senior in good standing, attend
                                                        NMSU or Doña Ana Community College
                                                        classes, tuition-free. Get ready to align
                                                          your courses with your career goals!




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                37
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Arts: Music – Band Elective Courses

                                                                    Offered at:




                                                      Grade Level

                                                                    LCHS

                                                                           MHS
                                                                                 OHS
     Course #                  Title                                                              Prerequisite
  MUS11271      Piano Levels 1 – 4                   9-12                             None
  MUS11414      Music Theory                         9-12                           One Year of Music
  MUS11425      AP Music Theory                      9-12                           Music Theory
  MUS11234      Marching Band Levels 1 – 4           9-12                           None
  MUS11214      All Band, Band Levels 1 – 4          9-12                             Concurrent enrollment in band
  MUS11994      Color Guard Levels 1-4               9-12                           Audition
 MUS11224C      Concert Band Levels 1 – 4            9-12                           None
 MUS11224S      Symphonic Band Levels 1 – 4          9-12                            Audition
MUS11224W       Symphonic Winds Levels 1 – 4         9-12                           Marching Band, Audition
 MUS11224P      Percussion Levels 1 – 4                                                Marching band, instructor
                                                     9-12                       
                                                                                       approval
  MUS1126J      Jazz Band Levels 1 – 4               9-12                           Audition
 MUS1125A       Advanced Jazz Band Levels 1-4       10-12                           Audition



Arts: Music –Band Elective Course Descriptions

Piano Levels 1 – 4 - This is a beginning /intermediate class for students who wish to play the piano for
their own enjoyment and edification. Students will learn how to read music as well as play by ear.
Music Theory and music history pertaining to piano skills will be taught. Playing, as well as written tests
will be required for a grade. This course is not designed to replace private instruction. The class is self-
paced and ability-level oriented. This class may be taken multiple years.

Music Theory - The class is devoted to elemental music theory and ear training. The class is designed to
help career-bound musicians prepare for Level 1 theory at schools of music, and to foster a working
knowledge of the basic fundamentals of music and theory of music. Notation, composition, and the
construction of music will be studied.

AP Music Theory - This course develops students' understanding of musical structure and compositional
procedures. Usually intended for students already possessing performance level skills, AP Music Theory
extends and builds upon students' knowledge of intervals, scales, chords, metric/rhythmic patterns, and
their interaction in a composition. Musical notation, analysis, composition, and aural skills are important
components of the course. This course is intended to prepare students for the optional Advanced
Placement Exam in this subject and follows the published College Board guidelines.




38                                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Marching Band Levels 1 – 4 – The Band may perform at football games, parades, parent meetings,
festivals and other out of town events. Students will study music and marching fundamentals
culminating in the presentation of a field production. Students are required to attend Summer Band in
July prior to beginning of school. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required.
See instructor for course fee. (Completion of Marching Band meets the graduation requirement for
Required PE.)

All Band, Zero Hour Band Levels 1 – 4 – This course supplements the scheduled band class. Students
must be concurrently enrolled in the regularly scheduled band class. Attendance at additional
rehearsals and performances is required. See instructor for scheduled meeting times and course fee.

Color Guard Levels 1 – 4 – This class incorporates equipment and dance choreography into the marching
show as well as an indoor winter guard show. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is
required. See instructor for course fee.

Concert Band Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and possibly
travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style periods, fundamentals of music,
instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Audition material will be made available during
the fall semester. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. See instructor for
course fee.

Symphonic Band Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and possibly
travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style periods, fundamentals of music,
instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Audition material will be made available during
the fall semester. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. See instructor for
course fee.

Symphonic Winds Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and
possibly travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style periods, fundamentals
of music, instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Audition material will be made
available during the fall semester. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required.
This is considered the premier ensemble in the band program and learns advanced music. See
instructor for course fee.

Percussion Levels 1 – 4 – These courses focus on fundamental, intermediate and advanced percussion
techniques. Students will study and learn music that will be performed with the fall marching band as
well as the spring concert bands. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required.
See instructor for course fee.

Jazz Band Levels 1 – 4 – Jazz Ensemble is a performance-based jazz band. The band will study and
perform jazz music composed for traditional jazz instruments. Students will study all style periods,
fundamentals of music, and learn improvisational skills. The band may perform at concerts, participate
in festivals, and travel on a spring band trip. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is
required. See instructor for course fee.

Advanced Jazz Band Levels 1 – 4 – Jazz Ensemble is a performance-based jazz band. The band will study
and perform jazz music composed for traditional jazz instruments. Students will study all style periods,
fundamentals of music, and learn improvisational skills. The band may perform at concerts, participate
in festivals, and travel on a spring band trip. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is
required. This is considered the premier jazz ensemble in the band program and learns advanced music.


Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                39
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Arts: Music – Choir Elective Courses
                                                                    Offered at:




                                                      Grade Level

                                                                    LCHS

                                                                           MHS
                                                                                 OHS
     Course #                   Title                                                             Prerequisite
 MUS11304       Treble Choir (Women’s Choir)                                           None
                                                     9-12                      
                Levels 1 – 4
 MUS1130A       A Cappella, Men or Women’s           9-12                            Audition
     MUS1131    Mixed Choir Levels 1 – 4             9-12                            Audition
 MUS1131V       Varsity Singers 1 – 4                9-12                           Audition
 MUS1131T       Troubadours                          9-12                             Audition
 MUS11314       Choral Chamber Ensemble              9-12                             Audition
 MUS11314S      Show Choir                           9-12                            Audition


Arts: Music –Choir Elective Course Descriptions

Treble Choir Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and possibly
travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style periods, fundamentals of music,
instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Attendance at additional rehearsals and
performances is required. See instructor for course fee.

A Cappella – The A Cappella Choir is an advanced, performance-based honor choir for students in the
choral curriculum. The choral curriculum will include but not be limited to the study of choral music
composed for treble and bass voices from all styles, the fundamentals of music, and the learning and
incorporation of sight-reading skills. The choir will perform in at least three (3) major concerts,
participate in District Festivals and participate in the spring “Magic Show.” Attendance is required for all
extra rehearsals, sectionals and performances as part of the grade for this course. This is the premiere
Concert choir at LCHS. See instructor for course fee.

Mixed Choir Levels 1 – 4 –Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and possibly
travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style periods, fundamentals of music,
instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Attendance at additional rehearsals and
performances is required. See instructor for course fee.

Varsity Singers Levels 1 – 4 - (LCHS- Varsity Singers, Swing) Students will present concerts, participate in
district festival and possibly travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style
periods, fundamentals of music, instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Audition
material will be available from instructor. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is
required. This is considered the premier ensemble in the Choral program and learns advanced music.
See instructor for course fee.

Troubadours – This is the advanced mixed choir and enrollment is by audition only. Students will sing
music from many styles and periods; performances include festivals and contests, as well as dinner
theater and variety shows. Students will learn more advanced levels of sight-reading and singing
techniques. Attendance at all concerts and out-of-class rehearsals is required and is part of the grading
procedure. See instruction for course fee.

40                                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Choral Chamber Ensemble – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and possibly
travel to an out of state festival. Students are selected by audition from the choral department.
Students focus on specific styles and genres (Madrigals, Jazz, Contemporary and etc). Audition material
will be available from instructor. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. See
instructor for course fee.

Show Choirs – LCHS – Modernaires; MHS – Madrigals; OHS – Legends; Students will present concerts,
participate in district festival and possibly travel to an out of state festival. Students are selected by
audition from the choral department. Students will focus on music and choreography of several styles
of music including pop and jazz. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. See
instructor for course fee.


Arts: Music – Orchestra Elective Courses

                                                                     Offered at:



                                                       Grade Level

                                                                     LCHS

                                                                            MHS
                                                                                  OHS
   Course #                     Title                                                            Prerequisite
  MUS11491       Mariachi Levels 1 – 4                9-12                             Instructor approval
  MUS11495       Mariachi - Advanced, Diamante                                          Audition and Instructor approval
                                                      9-12           
                 De LCHS Levels 1 – 4
 MUS11244S       String Orchestra Levels 1 – 4        9-12                           Instructor approval
  MUS1124C       Concert Orchestra Levels 1 – 4       9-12                           Audition and Instructor approval
 MUS1124O        Symphony Orchestra Levels 1 – 4      9-12                            Instructor approval



Arts: Music –Orchestra Elective Course Descriptions

Mariachi Levels 1 -4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and possibly travel to
an out of state festival. This is a beginning Mariachi class for students wishing to attain fundamental
skills necessary to play in the Mariachi style. Beginning guitar is also instructed. Attendance at
additional rehearsals and performances is required. See instructor for course fee.

Mariachi – Advanced, Diamante De LCHS Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in
district festival and possibly travel to an out of state festival. This is an advanced Mariachi class for
students wishing to continue their training in the Mariachi style. This group may perform often
throughout the community. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. See
instructor for course fee.

String Orchestra Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and possibly
travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style periods, fundamentals of music,
instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Audition material will be available from
instructor. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. See instructor for course
fee.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                  41
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Concert Orchestra Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and
possibly travel to an out of state festival. Students will study music from all style periods, fundamentals
of music, instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Audition material will be available
from instructor. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. This is considered
the premier ensemble in the Orchestra program and learns advanced music. See instructor for course
fee.

Symphony Orchestra Levels 1 – 4 – Students will present concerts, participate in district festival and
possibly travel to an out of state festival. Students will study full orchestral music from all style periods,
fundamentals of music, instrument-specific technique, and sight-reading skills. Audition material will be
available from instructor. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. See
Instructor for course fee.

Arts: Theater Elective Courses
                                                                      Offered at:

                                                 Grade Level

                                                               LCHS




                                                                                    SALC
                                                                        MHS

                                                                              OHS
  Course #                    Title                                                                Prerequisite
 FNA11114      Introduction to Theater          9-12                                   None
FNA11134T      Drama – Acting Performance 1     9-12                                   Intro to Theater
 FNA11135      Drama - Acting Performance -                                                Acting 1, Teacher approval
                                                10-12                       
               Advanced
 FNA11124      Drama - Stagecraft               9-12                                    Intro to Theatre
 FNA11125      Drama - Stagecraft 2             10-12                                   Drama – Stagecraft 1
 FNA1194       Play Production                  10-12                                   Acting 1 and by audition
 FNA1195       Play Production – Advanced       11-12                                   Play Production
 CTE0899T      Theater Tech                                                                Intro to Theater, Concurrent
                                                11-12                            
                                                                                           Enrollment in EXCEL


Arts: Theater Elective Course Descriptions
Introduction to Theater – This course includes reading plays, acting exercises, critical analysis, live
performances, and an introduction to other theatrical fields such as design, writing, and technical
theatre. Students will be required to perform several times throughout the semester. Attendance at
local play performances is required. This class is for first time theater students only. See instructor for
course fee.

Drama – Acting Performance 1 – Course is intended to promote students’ experience and skill
development in one or more aspects of theatrical production, but concentrate on acting and
performance skills. Students are exposed to different types of theatrical techniques and traditions, and
requiring participating in public productions. Attendance at rehearsals, performances, and local
performances may be required. See instructor for course fee.

Acting Performance – Advanced – This course expands and develops skills learned in Acting 1.
Attendance at rehearsals, performances, and local performances may be required. See instructor for
course fee.



42                                                                                                    Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                     High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Drama - Stagecraft – This course is intended to promote students’ experience and skill development in
one or more aspects of theatrical production, such as costuming, writing, technical skills, and/or design.
Attendance at rehearsals, performances, and local performances may be required. See instructor for
course fee.

Drama - Stagecraft 2 – This course concentrates on improving techniques learned in Stagecraft 1.
Attendance at local performances required. Attendance at rehearsals, performances, and local
performances may be required. See instructor for course fee.

Play Production – This course will put skills learned in initial courses into practice by producing full scale
performances throughout the semester. Students may work in the areas of acting, design, directing,
stage management, costuming, set construction, and publicity. Students may participate in
competitions and festivals. Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required.

Play Production, Advanced – This class expands and develops the skills learned in Play Production. You
will spend most of your time in class developing shows and rehearsing.

Theater Tech – Course concentrates on building skills in the areas of theatrical lighting and sound.
Students will gain real world experience working at the Performing Arts Center during live productions.
Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. Students must provide their own
transportation.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                   43
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011



Arts: Visual Arts Elective Courses

                                                                   Offered at:




                                                     Grade Level

                                                                   LCHS

                                                                          MHS

                                                                                OHS
     Course #                 Title                                                                Prerequisite
 ACS11504       Introduction to Art                 9-12                           None
ACS1162D1       Drawing 1                           9-12                             Introduction to Art
ACS1162D2       Drawing 2                           10-12                             Drawing 1
ACS1162P1       Painting 1                          9-12                             Introduction to Art
ACS1162P2       Painting 2                          10-12                            Painting 1
 ACS11614       Creative Art – Comprehensive        9-12                            Introduction to Art
ACS11614O       Creative Art – Drawing/Painting     9-12                             Introduction to Art
 ACS11634       Creative Art – Sculpture/Ceramics   9-12                             Introduction to Art
 ACS1175        Computer Assisted Art                9-12                             LCHS- Communication Exploration;
                                                                               
                                                    10-12                             OHS-Creative Art – Drawing/Painting
 ACS11814       Studio Art                          10-12                           Creative Art – Comprehensive
 ACS11654       Printmaking/Graphics                9-12                             Introduction to Art
 ACS1171        Photography                         9-12                             None
 ACS11634       Sculpture                           10-12                            Introduction to Art
 ACS11674       Jewelry 1                           9-12                             None
ACS116742       Jewelry 2                           9-12                             Jewelry 1
ACS116743       Jewelry 3                           10-12                            Jewelry 2
ACS116441       Ceramics/Pottery                    9-12                             None
                                                    10-12          
ACS116442       Ceramics/Pottery 2                  10-12                            Ceramics/Pottery 1
ACS116443       Ceramics/Pottery 3                  11-12                            Ceramics/Pottery 2
ACS11835D       AP Studio Art – Drawing             11-12                           Teacher approval; OHS- open enrollment
 ACS11585       AP Studio Art: 2-D Design           11-12                          Teacher approval; OHS- open enrollment
 ACS11595       AP Studio Art: 3-D Design           11-12                          Teacher approval; OHS- open enrollment
 ACS1186A       Independent Study Art               10-12                          Teacher approval; OHS- open enrollment
 ACS11864       Independent Study-3D Art            10-12                            Creative Art-Sculpture/Ceramics
 ACS1186C       Independent Study Ceramics          10-12                           Teacher approval
 ACS1186J       Independent Study Jewelry           10-12                           Teacher approval




44                                                                                                     Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                      High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Arts: Visual Arts Elective Course Descriptions

Introduction to Art - This course introduces students to a variety of tools including, materials, skills,
techniques and technologies through hands-on experience using the elements and principals of design.
Students learn to critique their work and the work of others. Individual creative processes and the
development of personal expression will be explored. This is the basic prerequisite for all other art
courses. Students may submit a portfolio and teacher recommendation to demonstrate proficiency and
enroll in a higher level course. See instructor for course fee.

Drawing 1 - Students will study the basic concepts of drawing including proportion, perspective, value
and line qualities. All traditions of drawing including still life, portraiture, landscape, and abstraction will
be explored. See instructor for course fee.

Drawing 2 - Students will work on attaining a greater awareness of drawing styles and media.
See instructor for course fee.

Painting 1 - This is an introductory course to painting that includes a study of formal principles as well as
the history of painting through time. Students will work with a wide variety of painting media and
surfaces such as watercolor, acrylic, egg tempera, and various inks on paper, canvas, fabric, and found
materials. Styles and art history periods such as abstract, realist, Cubist and Surrealist will be explored.
Regular critiques will familiarize the student with the language of art (principals and elements of design),
along with the personal language of artists. See instructor for course fee.

Painting 2 - Students will explore media and technique of paint in a variety of media of surfaces. The
student will spend the semester perfecting their comprehension and style of painting. See instructor for
course fee.

Creative Art – Comprehensive – Students will study basic concepts, elements, principles and art forms
using a variety of media. Varied styles and techniques will be explored and career opportunities
discussed. See instructor for course fee.

Creative Art-Drawing/Painting – This course will focus on drawing and painting in keeping with the
attention on two dimensional works.

Creative Art-Sculpture/Ceramics – This course will focus on sculpture and ceramics in keeping focus on
creating three dimensional works.

Studio Art - An intermediate studio art class for the advancing student which focuses on in-depth
drawing and painting projects, strengthening perception skills in creating realistic and abstract images
and furthering the development of art techniques and media exploration. Critiques will be introduced
where students will learn to speak and write about their work and the work of others. See instructor for
course fee.

Computer Assisted Art – This course will enable students to discover and explore how the computer can
be used to create or to assist in the production of various forms of artwork. This class provides the
opportunity for students to become more adept in both the art form and in the use of the computer.

Printmaking/Graphics - This course is an introduction to various printmaking processes such as
woodcuts, linocuts, and monotypes. See instructor for course fee.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                    45
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Photography - Course exposes students to the materials, processes, and artistic techniques of taking
photographs. Students learn about the operation of cameras, composition, lighting techniques and film
development. The course may cover black and white film and/or digital photography. See instructor for
course fee.

Sculpture - This course is an intermediate studio art class for the advancing student which focuses on in-
depth three dimensional projects. Students typically work with several media including paper, wire,
wood, and clay. This is an introductory course to 3-D design using a variety of methods. This course will
strengthen perception skills in creating realistic and abstract images and furthering the development of
art techniques and media exploration. Critiques will be introduced where students will learn to speak
and write about their work and the work of others. See instructor for course fee.

Jewelry 1 - The student will study the history of jewelry and basic design principles. There will be an
introduction to tools, processes and aesthetics of jewelry and metalwork. Students will learn a variety
of techniques including but not limited to piercing/sawing, soldering, riveting, stone setting, die forming,
and etching. Assignments will range from simple samples to completed pieces of jewelry. See instructor
for course fee.

Jewelry 2 - This class will be a continuation of the beginning Jewelry course. Students will work on
various projects independently. The student will be introduced to advanced silver work techniques in
doming, overlay, inlay, stone setting, and lost wax casting processes. See instructor for course fee.

Jewelry 3 - This course explores advanced methods of silversmithing, casting, enameling, and etching.
Students will conduct individualized in-depth study of the casting craft. See instructor for course fee.

Ceramics/Pottery - This course focuses on creating three-dimensional works out of clay and ceramic
material. Particular attention is paid to the characteristics of the raw materials, the transformation
under heat, and the various methods by which objects are created and finished. Students will work with
coil, slab, pinch and throwing methods of clay construction. See instructor for course fee.

Ceramics/Pottery 2 - Students will continue exploring more complex uses of hand building techniques
while concentrating on wheel throwing. Handle pulling; lid construction and more complex techniques
will be developed. The creative aspects of ceramics will be stressed. See instructor for course fee.

Ceramics/Pottery 3 - Students will concentrate on the creative aspects of ceramics. Glazing, kiln
working and advanced throwing projects will allow deeper exploration of the ceramic medium. This is a
self-directed course of study requiring maturity, skill and creativity. See instructor for course fee.

AP Studio Art – Drawing - Designed for students with a serious interest in art AP Studio Art Drawing to
refine their skills and create artistic works to be submitted to the College Board for evaluation.
Representation, abstraction and experimentation with a variety of drawing materials are explored. This
course is intended to prepare students for the optional Advanced Placement Exam (Portfolio) in this
subject and will follow the published College Board guidelines. See instructor for course fee.

AP Studio Art: 2-D Design - The purpose of this course is to assist students to develop a portfolio
demonstrating a broad interpretation of two-dimensional space. This type of design involves purposeful
decision-making about how to use the elements and principles of art in an integrative manner.
Representation, abstraction and experimentation using a variety of materials will be addressed. See
instructor for course fee.



46                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                  High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


AP Studio Art: 3-D Design - The purpose of this course is to assist students to develop a portfolio
demonstrating a broad interpretation of three-dimensional space. This type of design involves
purposeful decision-making about how to use the elements and principles of art in an integrative
manner. This course is intended to prepare students for the optional Advanced Placement Exam
(Portfolio) in this subject and will follow the published College Board guidelines. See instructor for
course fee.

Independent Study Art; Ceramics; Jewelry - The independent studies art program is designed for
students meeting previous art or crafts class requirements with a grade average of A/B grade average.
The student will complete a self-directed body of work from a contracted proposal. These courses will
permit students to perfect the use of tools and medium in their area of interest with greater exploration
and expression. These courses may require the student to supply a portion of his/her own materials,
and create art work outside of class.


Automotive Elective Courses

                                                                      Offered at:
                                                 Grade Level


                                                               LCHS




                                                                                    SALC
                                                                        MHS

  Course #                   Title                                            OHS                        Prerequisite
  CTE0901       Auto 1                          9-12                                      None
  CTE0912       Auto 2                          9-12                                      Auto 1
  CTE0913       Auto 3                         10-12                                      Auto 2
  CTE09134      Auto 4                         11-12                                      Auto 3
  CTE0942       Collision 1 and 2              10-12                                      Auto 1
  CTE0943       Advanced Collision             11-12                                      Collision 2
  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana         11-12                                   COMPASS or ACT Test
                Community College


Automotive Elective Course Descriptions

Auto 1 - This course is designed for students who wish to explore careers in the automobile technologies
industry. This course offers an introduction to various mechanical systems in automobiles and provides
a basic experience in routine maintenance tasks. There is a $20 project fee for this course.

Auto 2 - This course emphasizes the diagnosis and repair of automobile engines and support systems.
The course will implement the comprehension and use of auto repair manuals, safety, and employability
skills, (including shop management and entrepreneurship). There is a $20 project fee for this course.

Auto 3 - Course provides instruction in diagnosis and repair of brake systems. The course will also
include instruction in various other systems. There is a $20 project fee for this course.

Auto 4 - Course provides instruction in diagnosis and repair of electrical systems.
There is a $20 project fee for this course.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                               47
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011


Collision 1 and 2 - This course is the study of auto body repair and refinishing. This course provides
training for occupations involving the repair and refinishing of damaged or used cars. The course will
include frame and metal straightening; repair of fiberglass and synthetic materials; removing, repairing
and installing auto body parts. Preparing vehicles for refinishing which includes painting, applying body
fillers, estimating material and labor cost will also be included. There is a $20 project fee for this course.

Advanced Collision - This course provides specific instruction in individual topics relevant to the repair
and refinishing of automobile bodies and surfaces. Auto body welding and plastic repair will also be
covered. There is a $20 project fee for this course.

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in
automotive technology. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for course
availability and enrollment information.


Business Elective Courses

                                                                      Offered at:
                                                 Grade Level




                                                                                  MVTC
                                                               LCHS




                                                                                         SALC
                                                                      MHS

                               Title                                        OHS                           Prerequisite
  Course #
 BUS02994       Career Pathways                 9-12                                           None
 BUS02214       Introduction to Business        9-12                                         None
 BUS02244       Business                                                                        Intro to Business-MHS, LCHS;
                Ownership/Management/           10-12                                        Accounting 1-OHS
                Entrepreneurship
 BUS02054L      Business Law                    11-12                                          Introduction to Business
 BUS02284       Business and Personal Finance   10-12                                         Introduction to Business
 BUS02074       Accounting 1                                                                    Business and Personal Finance,
                                                10-12                     
                                                                                                OHS
 BUS02104       Accounting 2                    11-12                                        Accounting 1
 MVT01724       MVT Agri-Marketing                                                              None
                                                9-12                              
                Leadership
 BUS18024       Principles of Marketing         10-12                                         Introduction to Business
 BUS18064       Marketing – Sports and                                                          None
                                                10-12                
                Entertainment
 BUS18244       Principles of Advertising       10-12                                          None
 BUS05284       Intro to Hospitality and                                                        None
                                                11-12          
                Tourism
 BUS05284       Hospitality, Tourism and        11-12                                          Intro to Hospitality and Tourism
                Recreation Internship                                                           or Culinary Arts
  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana                                                          COMPASS or ACT Test
                                                11-12                                
                Community College




48                                                                                                     Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                  High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



Business Elective Course Descriptions

Career Pathways - This course helps students match their interests and aptitudes to career options.
Focus is placed on sources of employment information, job seeking and interview techniques,
applications and resumes, and the skills needed to remain and advance within the workplace.
Consumer education and personal money management topics are also covered.

Introduction to Business - Introduction to Business is a practical presentation of basic business
principles. Students gain a practical understanding of the business world as consumers by delving into
different areas such as economics, businesses, banking, employment, credit, advertising, and financial
planning.

Business Ownership/Management/Entrepreneurship - Discover the rewards and challenges of
organizing and running your own business. Topics will include creating a business plan, market analysis,
strategies for pricing, promotion, and sales, managing inventory, human resources, finances and risk,
and strategies for making your business grow. The course is project-oriented and will include the use of
computer technology, teams, cooperative learning and an entrepreneurial simulation. This course has a
$5.00 project fee.

Business Law - This course helps students to become familiar with basic principles of business and law
and their applications common to daily life as an aid to avoiding legal difficulties. Students will gain
understanding of everyday legal transactions/documents such as contracts, negotiable instruments,
deeds, leases and wills. Additional topics include bailments, real property, personal property, court
procedures insurance, motor vehicles and contemporary legal issues.

Business and Personal Finance - This covers fundamental concepts of personal financial management to
include insurance, budgeting, credit, savings, investments, home financing, retirement, and estate
planning, and consumer debt management. Finance relating to problems, methods, and policies in
financing business enterprise are also covered.

Accounting 1 - This course is designed to prepare students for future employment and study in the
accounting field. Students will learn how to start an accounting system for a small business or for
personal use by analyzing, journalizing, posting transactions and preparing reports. Simulations will
provide students with practical experience as an accountant in a small business. Students will use
computerized accounting to complete entry-level exercises in accounts receivable, accounts payable,
and payroll.

Accounting 2 - This course is designed for the student who has demonstrated the desire to excel and
continue in the accounting field. The course encompasses the use of advanced accounting procedures
and work-experience simulations with corporations. Students will use special journals and do more
computerized accounting in extended journals, ledgers, and financial reports. *This course articulates at
DACC.

MVT Agri-Marketing/Leadership – This course, offered at MVTC, provides students with valuable
employment skills with emphasis on personal work ethics, while learning the basic principles of
marketing, local and regional economics, entrepreneurship, and human resource management. In
addition, students research, discuss and refine personal leadership qualities necessary to be successful
on the job. Students are involved in the development and management of the school’s retail store.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                  49
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Principles of Marketing - The Principles of Marketing class studies the role of marketing in economy,
types of markets, distribution channels, product/service planning, finance, distribution, purchasing,
pricing, promotion and selling, and management of marketing process.

Marketing – Sports & Entertainment - Sports & Entertainment Marketing provides students the
opportunity to learn marketing principles in the fields of sports and entertainment. Students will
produce and market activities for simulated athletic and entertainment events. Emphasis is placed upon
the functions of financing, marketing, information management, pricing, product and service
management, promotion, and selling. Instructional strategies will include computer applications,
projects, and simulated occupational experience. This course has a $5.00 project fee.

Principles of Advertising – This course introduces students to concepts underlying the promotion of
products. The topics covered include advertising, various media, planning, budgeting, layout and design.

Intro to Hospitality and Tourism: This course introduces students to careers in the hospitality industry,
professionalism, and how to build a career in the industry. Other topics such as guest service,
reservation, economic development, safety and security, maintenance may be covered. This course also
introduces students to other educational opportunities.

Hospitality, Tourism & Recreation Internship: This course is an overview of the lodging (hotel and
motel) and food service industry; food and beverage functions; focusing on career opportunities and
future trends of the hospitality industry. Students enrolling in this course are responsible to provide
their own transportation to and from the training sites.

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in Business,
Marketing, and Management. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for
course availability and enrollment information.




50                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                               High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



Communication Skills Courses

All of the following courses meet state standards for a Communication Skills credit toward graduation.

                                                                       Offered at:




                                                  Grade Level


                                                                LCHS




                                                                                     SALC
                                                                         MHS

                                                                               OHS
  Course #                 Title                                                                        Prerequisite
 ENG10744       Communication Skills             9-10                                   None
 VOC01374       Agricultural Leadership and                                                 English 9 and 10
                                                 11-12          
                Communications
  FCS05054      Child Development                9-12                                    None
  CPS1074       Communication Exploration          9                                      None
 ENG10214       Creative Writing                 11-12                                   None
 ENG10834       Debate                           10-12                                     None
  FLA12374      French 2                         9-12                                    French 1
  FLA12574      German 2                         9-12                                     German 1
 VOC01334       Introduction to Agriculture      9-12                                      None
 BUS02214       Introduction to Business         9-12                                    None
 FNA11114       Introduction to Theatre          9-12                                   None
  FLA12534      Spanish 2                        9-12                                    Spanish 1
  FLA12724      Spanish For Spanish Speakers 2   10-12                                  Spanish for Spanish Speakers 1
 ENG10814       Speech                           10-12                                     None


Communication Skills Course Descriptions

Communication Skills - This course emphasizes developing skills in writing and speaking that will afford
students’ success throughout school and post-high school years.

Agricultural Leadership and Communications - This course is designed to strengthen students' personal
and group leadership skills. Topics such as public speaking, effective communication, human relations,
parliamentary law, and group dynamics are covered. Also covered is the development of Programs of
Work and Service Learning, including student development, chapter development, and community
development.

Child Development - Students will study relationships, dating, human sexuality, pregnancy and birth.
Emphasis is placed on decision making skills, responsibilities of parenthood, and all aspects of child
development from conception to pre-school age.

Communication Exploration - Communication is all round us. See how it applies to you. Enroll in this
fast-passed survey course covering video production, web design, graphic arts/printing, and commercial
art.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                51
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Creative Writing - This course offers students the opportunity to develop and improve their technique
and individual style in poetry, short story, drama, essays, and other forms of prose. The emphasis of the
class is on writing, although exemplary representations and authors may be studied to provide a fuller
appreciation of the form and craft.

Debate - Learn the fine arts of argumentation and oration in this forensics course. Students will be
coached privately in public speaking and will learn effective research skills, topic analysis, cross-
examination and Lincoln-Douglas debate formats. As part of the academic grade, each student will be
expected to attend the Baylor Debate Clinic in El Paso, and at least one debate tournament during the
semester.

French 2 - Students will be provided with more advanced experiences in understanding both spoken and
written French. They will develop greater speaking and writing competence. Cultural studies include an
in-depth analysis of the most famous French provinces and their artistic, scientific, historic, athletic and
economic contributions to France, their major cities and the most famous Chateaux of the Loire Valley.
Students will also get a view of French schools and the average French student’s daily schedule.

German 2 - Furthering communication skills in German is at the heart of this course. Face-to-face and
written communication is the main focus. During this course of study, students will gain knowledge and
understanding of the cultures of the German-speaking world. Through comparisons and contrasts with
German, students will develop a greater insight into their own language and culture. Various
technologies will be used to support student learning. Various media including video, music and the
web resources will be explored.

Introduction to Agriculture - The local, national, and global definitions, history, and scope of agriculture
in society is covered in this course. It also covers plant and animal sciences, production and processing;
agricultural mechanics, including tool and machine operation; business and natural resource
management; management of food and fiber systems; soil characteristics, formation and properties;
and development of leadership and communication skills. There is a $10 fee for this course.

Introduction to Business - Introduction to Business is a practical presentation of basic business
principles. Students gain a practical understanding of the business world as consumers by delving into
different areas such as economics, businesses, banking, employment, credit, advertising, and financial
planning.

Introduction to Theatre - This course includes reading plays, acting exercises, critical analysis, live
performances, and an introduction to other theatrical fields such as design, writing, and technical
theatre. Students will be required to perform several times throughout the semester. Attendance at
local play performances is required. This class is for first time theater students only. See instructor for
course fee.

Spanish 2 - This course is a continuation of Spanish 1. The class will continue working on speaking,
listening, reading, and writing skills at a more advanced level. The students must converse in Spanish in
this course.

Spanish for Spanish Speakers 2 - Students will work on speaking, reading, and writing skills at a more
advanced level than Spanish for Spanish-Speakers 1. The literature and culture of Spanish-speaking
countries will be further explored. Classes will be taught in Spanish and students must converse in
Spanish.



52                                                                                   Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                               High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Speech - In this course, students will receive instruction in oral communication, experience in actual
speaking situations and discussions, research topics for informative, persuasive, descriptive and other
speeches, observe guest speakers and analyze strengths and weaknesses of other students.

Computer Applications and Computer Science Elective Courses
                                                                     Offered at:




                                                Grade Level




                                                                                 MVTC
                                                              LCHS




                                                                                        SALC
                                                                     MHS

                                                                           OHS
  Course #                   Title                                                                      Prerequisite
  CPS1074       Communication Exploration      9-10                                           None
  CPS03034      Computer Applications – Bus.   9-12                                         None
  CPS03024      Computer Applications – Gen.   9-12                                           None
  MVT0302       MVT Computer Applications      8-12                                           None
 BUS02054       Word Processing                9-12                                           None
 CPS03034M      Multimedia                     9-12                                         Computer Applications
 BUS03154       Computer Graphics 1            10-12                                          Communication Exploration
 BUS03155       Computer Graphics 2             11                                            Computer Graphics 1
  CPS02764      Web Page Design 1              10-12                                        None
  CPS02765      Web Page Design 2              11-12                                         Web Page Design 1
  CPS03174      A+ Certification               11-12                                          None
  CPS03264      Computing/Programming/Net                                                      Algebra 1-LCHS, Algebra 2-MHS
                                               10-12                
                working
  CPS08714      Super Computing Challenge      11-12                                          None
  CTE03977      Student Tech                   11-12                                      None
  CPS03275      AP Computer Science            11-12                                          Honors Algebra 2 or higher
  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana                                                         COMPASS or ACT Test
                                               11-12                                
                Community College


Computer Applications and Computer Science Elective Course Descriptions

Communication Exploration - Communication is all round us. See how it applies to you. Enroll in this
fast-passed survey course covering video production, web design, graphic arts/printing, and commercial
art.

Computer Applications, Business - A wide range of applications of the computer is explored, including
(but not limited to) word processing, spreadsheet, graphics, and database programs. More advanced
topics (such as electronic mail, desktop publishing, programming and telecommunications) may also be
included. Exercises and problems are specifically business related. See instructor for course fee.

MVT Computer Applications - While enrolled in this program at MVTC, students have numerous
opportunities to research and gather information using various software programs, computer-based
reference materials and the Internet. In addition, students maintain the school’s website and produce
an annual electronic student yearbook.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                   53
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Computer Applications, General - This course provides instruction on the Internet and the WWW
browsers. Students learn how to “surf” more productively and efficiently, how to download programs,
graphics, sounds, and videos, and how to develop web pages. Students also learn the fundamentals of
e-mail, and Internet security measures. This course articulates with DACC. See instructor for course fee.
Word Processing - Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to complete
letters, memos, reports, and a variety of other documents using the touch method of keyboarding. The
student will develop comprehensive word processing application skills using Microsoft Office’s standard
formatting, word art, and other features. See instructor for course fee.

Multimedia- Students will utilize the capability of the computer to produce visual imagery and apply
graphic techniques using Microsoft Publisher, PowerPoint, and other graphics manipulation software.
Students will use computers, scanners, digital cameras, the Internet, sound and animation software to
complete various projects and activities. See instructor for course fee.

Computer Graphics 1 - This class introduces the student to the methods and tools used in graphic design
applications. Course will present the basic software concepts of Adobe InDesign and PhotoShop
enabling students to create various multimedia projects. See instructor for course fee.

Computer Graphics 2 - This class will cover the advanced concepts of graphic design and printing using
Adobe InDesign, PhotoShop and basic elements of Illustrator. See instructor for course fee.

Web Page Design 1 - This class will focus on the creating and managing well designed, organized web
sites. HTML, Macromedia Dreamweaver and Macromedia Flash will be used as tools for web page
construction. LCHS students will also use Adobe Photoshop to gain competency in digital image
preparation for web publication and development. See instructor for course fee.

Web Page Design 2 - This class will serve as the staff class that creates and maintains information for the
school website. Due to the nature of the school website, some of the responsibility for information
gathering will take place outside of the parameters of the specified class meeting time. This class will be
responsible for collaborating with the students in Web 1 and teachers/sponsors of school clubs and
organizations to ensure accuracy and timeliness of the school’s website. See instructor for course fee.

A+ Certification - This course introduces students to the features, functions, and design of computer
hardware, and provides instruction in the maintenance and repair of computer components and
peripheral devices. This course leads to an industry certification, A+. See instructor for course fee.

Computing/Programming/Networking - This course is designed to introduce the student to the basic
concepts of computer programming. It is appropriate for any student who wants to have a better
understanding of how computers are made to do the amazing things that they do. Programming
structures, concepts and techniques covered will include modularization, repetition, decision control,
and I/O processes in various popular languages such as BASIC, Pascal, C++ and/or Java. See instructor
for course fee.




54                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


Super Computing Challenge - This course is a program encompassing the school year in which teams of
students complete science projects using high-performance supercomputers. Each team of up three
students and the teacher defines and works on a single computational project of its own choosing. This
class requires you register and participate in the 15th Annual NM Adventures in Supercomputing
Challenge. By participating in the challenge you will have the research skills required for the process of
scientific inquiry, be confident with complex math and technological problem solving techniques, be
able to articulate your own ideas as well as communicate with others and you will learn to work as a
team. See instructor for course fee.

Student Tech - Juniors and seniors experience extensive training as computer technicians. Student Tech
provides the opportunity for hands-on work experience in computer technology. Student Technicians
work in the school providing assistance to teaching and support staff on a daily basis. Tasks can include
installing software and hardware, troubleshooting, routine maintenance and assisting staff and students
with effective use of technology available in the school.

AP Computer Science - This course is designed to introduce students to intensive computer
programming by developing proficiency in the computer language Java. It is suitable for those students
planning a career that may involve computer programming. Programming concepts and techniques will
include modularization, repetition, graphics, numerical methods, data structures, Object oriented
programming, etc. Successful completion of this class will prepare students for the “A” form of the
Advanced Placement Test in Computer Science. An individualized comprehensive programming project
will constitute the final exam for the year.

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in computer
applications, information technologies and networking. Notify your school counselor or call the district
CTE office, 527-6050 for course availability and enrollment information.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                55
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011



Construction Trades Elective Courses
                                                                     Offered at:




                                                Grade Level




                                                                                 MVTC
                                                              LCHS




                                                                                        SALC
                                                                     MHS

                                                                           OHS
     Course #                Title                                                                         Prerequisite
 IND16134       Introduction to Woodworking                                                    None
                                               9-12                  
                and Welding
  SCI17324      Principles of Technology 1     10-12                                          Algebra 1
  SCI17325      Principles of Technology 2     10-12                                          Principles of Technology 1.
 IND04174       Woodworking 1                  11-12                                          Intro to Wood & Welding
 INS041742      Woodworking 2                  11-12                                          Woodworking 2
 MVT04174       Woodworking                    8-12                                           None
VOC01524H       Home Improvement               10-12                                          None
 VOC01534       Metal Fabrication for the Ag                                                   Introduction to Ag Mechanics
                                               10-12          
                Industry
 VOC01514       Welding I                      10-12                                          Intro to Wood & Welding
  VOC1534       Welding II                     11-12                 
 MVT24124       MVT Metalworking               8-12                                           None
 VOC01527       Agriculture Structures         10-12                                          None
 VOC01527       Structures and Construction    10-12                 
 IND04024       LCPS Building Trades Program                                                   Application and interview with
                                               11-12                                
                                                                                               instructor required
 CTE22987       Dual Credit - Doña Ana                                                         COMPASS or ACT Test
                                               11-12                                
                Community College


Construction Trades Elective Course Descriptions

Introduction to Woodworking and Welding – This course provides students with a basic knowledge of
woodworking and welding. Students will learn how to use various hand tools to complete wood
working projects. Students will also become familiar with various welding techniques including oxyfuel
welding and cutting, shielded metal arc welding and gas metal arc welding. After completion of this
course students will have the option of furthering their education by enrolling in either woodworking I
or welding I. Student insurance is recommended. See instructor for course fee.
Principles of Technology 1 - Principles of Technology is recommended for students who are interested
in engineering, electronics, military careers or other technical areas. Equilibrium, motion, momentum,
energy conversion, electromagnetism, and optical phenomenon are presented in the context of current,
real world applications. Demonstrations, math labs, and applied laboratory experiments are an integral
part of the curriculum. See instructor for course fee.




56                                                                                                    Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                      High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Principles of Technology 2 - Principles of Technology 2 is a continuation of the prerequisite Principles of
Technology 1. This second year course provides more advanced studies in applied science. The
equipment and hands-on labs are more technologically sophisticated than those in Principles of
Technology 1. Again the emphasis is placed on application of the principles. The units covered in
Principles of Technology 2 include: Momentum, Waves and Vibrations, Energy Converters, Transducers,
Radiation, Optical Systems and Time Constants. See instructor for course fee.

Advanced Welding - This class is for students who wish to further his or her skills in welding technology.
Emphasis will be placed on welding equipment selection and use, project design and fabrication and
career opportunities in welding. This course articulates with the Welding Technology program at the
DABCC and may lead to American Welding Association certification. See instructor for course fee.

Woodworking 1 & 2 - This class is for students who wish to further his or her skills in woodworking and
cabinetmaking techniques. Emphasis will be placed on project design and construction as well as career
opportunities in woodworking and building trades. This course articulates with the Facilities
Maintenance Technology program at the DABCC and can lead to an exciting career. See instructor for
course fee.

Woodworking - Students have numerous opportunities in this MVTC program, to learn how to judge the
quality of wood products and develop solutions to problems that occur when working in the industry.
The development of manipulative skills and the introduction to related technological knowledge on
specific trade information is integrated throughout this program. The course is designed to provide
learning experiences in wood production while developing and refining teamwork and leadership skills.

Home Improvement - Home Maintenance and improvement develops student skills and knowledge
needed to maintain and improve homes and adjacent buildings, including the analysis of repair needs
and the use of approved safety techniques. Technical areas include residential pest control, roofing,
painting and trim, drywall, windows and doors, electricity, plumbing and water systems, HVAC systems,
fireplaces, concrete, and vehicle and small engine maintenance. Home inspection is emphasized. See
instructor for course fee.

Welding I - Course provides for the skill and knowledge development applicable to the tools and
equipment used in the industry. Students will develop basic industrial knowledge and skills by
completing various assignments. Topic include construction personal safety, construction codes, project
planning and design, using hand tools, using power tools, tool maintenance, identifying metals and their
physical properties, applying heat treating processes, cold metal techniques, oxyfuel cutting, shielded
metal arc welding, and gas metal arc welding. Students enrolled in this class will be eligible to
participate in various FFA activities. Prerequisite for enrollment in course: Completion of Intro to
Woodworking and Welding.

Welding II – Students will develop skills in fabrication techniques and project design, including
estimating and developing materials list. Topics include SMAW, GMAW and TMAW welding. Students
will also work with oxyfuel cutting and plasma arc cutting. Tool room management and safety
procedures are essential to the course. Completion of this course and required assignment will allow
students to receive NCCER certification in various welding and cutting areas. Students will receive credit
for completing this course if they choose to further their welding education at DACC. Students enrolled
in this class will be eligible to participate in various FFA activities. Prerequisite for enrollment in course:
Completion of Intro to Woodworking and Welding and Welding I.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                    57
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Metal Fabrication for the Ag Industry - Topics for this course include oxyacetylene and mig welding
techniques including cutting, brazing, and welding. Fabrication techniques and project design including
estimating and developing materials list. Tool room management and safety procedures are essential to
the course are taught. See instructor for course fee.

MVT Metal Working – This MVTC course, provides instruction for the development of manipulative
skills, safety practices, the introduction of related technical knowledge, and discussion on specific trade
information. During this course of study, students receive fundamental instruction with emphasis
placed on tool usage along with reinforcement of basic math concepts. Students also have the
opportunity to receive NCCER certification in the area of safety.

Agriculture Structures - Topics for this course include surveying, concrete and masonry, plumbing,
drafting, carpentry and electrical wiring. Use of bids and billing information to develop a complete
materials list and project cost estimate. Use of measurement and layout tools and shop safety
procedures are taught. See instructor for course fee.

Structures and Construction – Students will develop their skills in construction by exploring topics which
include: surveying, concrete and masonry, plumbing, drafting, carpentry and electrical wiring. Use of
bids and billing information to develop a complete materials list and project cost estimate.
Measurement and layout tools will also be used to properly assemble various structures. Students will
practice these skills by designing and constructing sheds. Students enrolled in this class will be eligible to
participate in various FFA activities.

LCPS Building Trades Program - In this district program, students will learn skills involved in residential
and industrial construction. Students will receive instruction in building safety, construction theory,
blueprint reading and scale drawing, hand and power tool use and safety, materials identification and
handling, procurement, and project estimation. This instruction will be done at school and on actual job
sites located throughout Las Cruces. Students may do plumbing, electrical, heating, air conditioning and
ventilation work under the supervision of a licensed tradesman. Please contact the instructor for an
application and Syllabus. At least 16 years of age: Application approval: Interview with instructor.
Students must provide their own transportation.

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in all areas
of the construction industry. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for
course availability and enrollment information.




58                                                                                    Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                               High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


Creative Media Technology Elective Courses

                                                                     Offered at:




                                                Grade Level




                                                                                 MVTC
                                                              LCHS




                                                                                        SALC
                                                                     MHS

                                                                           OHS
  Course #                   Title                                                                       Prerequisite
  CPS1074       Communication Exploration      9-10                                           None
  CPS02764      Web Page Design 1             10-12                                         None
  CPS02765      Web Page Design 2             11-12                                          Web Page Design 1
 BUS03154       Computer Graphics 1             10                                            Communications Exploration
 BUS03155       Computer Graphics 2             11                                            Computer Graphics 1
 ENG19314       Photojournalism                                                                Communication Exploration,
                                              10-12                  
                                                                                               Art 1, Computer Applications
 CPS03034M      Multimedia                     9-12                                         Computer Applications
 ENG10114       Literary-Art Magazine                                                          Communication Exploration, of
                Production 1, 2, 3            11-12                                           concurrent enrollment in
                                                                                               Photojournalism
 ENG19031       Yearbook Production           11-12                                         By application
  CTE22987      Dual Credit - Doña Ana                                                         COMPASS or ACT Test
                                              11-12                                 
                Community College


Creative Media Technology Course Descriptions

Communication Exploration - Communication is all round us. See how it applies to you. Enroll in this
fast-passed survey course covering video production, web design, graphic arts/printing, and commercial
art.

Web Page Design 1 - This class will focus on the creating and managing well designed, organized web
sites. HTML, Macromedia Dreamweaver and Macromedia Flash will be used as tools for web page
construction. LCHS students will also use Adobe Photoshop to gain competency in digital image
preparation for web publication. See instructor for course fee.

Web Page Design 2 - This class will serve as the staff class that creates and maintains information for the
school website. Due to the nature of the school website, some of the responsibility for information
gathering will take place outside of the parameters of the specified class meeting time. This class will be
responsible for collaborating with the students in Web 1 and teachers/sponsors of school clubs and
organizations to ensure accuracy and timeliness of the school’s website. See instructor for course fee.

Computer Graphics 1 - This class introduces the student to the methods and tools used in graphic design
applications. Course will present the basic software concepts of Adobe InDesign and PhotoShop
enabling students to create various multimedia projects. See instructor for course fee.

Computer Graphics 2 - This class will cover the advanced concepts of graphic design and printing using
Adobe InDesign, PhotoShop and basic elements of Illustrator. See instructor for course fee.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                     59
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Photojournalism - Want to take better pictures and learn how to edit them in Photoshop? In this class,
you will learn about digital camera operation, photography techniques (like lighting, focus, composition,
and special effects), and image editing. This course articulates with DACC CMT 115. See instructor for
course fee.

Multimedia- Students will utilize the capability of the computer to produce visual imagery and apply
graphic techniques using Microsoft Publisher, PowerPoint, and other graphics manipulation software.
Students will use computers, scanners, digital cameras, the Internet, sound and animation software to
complete various projects and activities. See instructor for course fee.

Literary Art Magazine Production - Explore your creative side and help make the InkSlinger magazine!
Although everyone participates in all aspects of production, you’ll spend most of the time working on
the staff of your choice: Literary (select the written pieces to use), Art (select the artwork to use), Layout
(use InDesign and Photoshop to create the pages), Advertising (design posters, MBC commercials, etc.),
or Sponsorship (get the money needed to print the magazine). See instructor for course fee.

Yearbook Production - Want to help create your school yearbook? In this class, you will learn how to
design, produce, and market the book. Everyone will take pictures, conduct interviews, write body copy
and captions, and design layouts. Students in this course must be able to meet deadlines, work well
with others, and spend time covering events outside of the school day. Yearbook 2, 3, 4 will provide
students with advanced studies in all the areas listed above. See instructor for course fee.

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in creative
media technologies. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for course
availability and enrollment information.


Drafting Elective Courses

                                                                      Offered at:
                                                 Grade Level




                                                                                  MVTC
                                                               LCHS




                                                                                         SALC
                                                                      MHS

                                                                            OHS




     Course #                Title                                                                        Prerequisite
  IND07064      Technical Drafting              9-12                                         None
  IND07074      Computer Aided Drafting         10-12                                         Technical Drafting
  IND07034      Architectural Drafting          10-12                                        Technical Drafting
 VOC07044       Drafting – Civil/Structural     11-12                                          Architectural Drafting
  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana                                                          COMPASS or ACT Test
                                                11-12                                
                Community College


Drafting Course Descriptions
Technical Drafting -This entry level course presents the fundamentals necessary to read, interpret and
create technical drawings. It also presents fundamentals of geometric analysis. The course is highly
recommended for those students considering drafting-related careers in architecture, engineering and
all associated professional and technical fields. Included in this course is an introduction to computer
aided drafting. See instructor for course fee.


60                                                                                                     Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                  High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) - This intermediate course explores the use of the computer as an
electronic tool for drafting. It focuses on advanced drafting and problem solving techniques related to
science, engineering technology, architecture, and associated technical fields. Students will use AutoCAD
to produce detailed two and three dimensional computer-generated drawings and gain an
understanding of the role of computers in the drafting world. See instructor for course fee.
Architectural Drafting - This intermediate course explores the use of the computer as an electronic tool
for drafting. It focuses on advanced drafting and problem solving techniques related to science,
engineering technology, architecture, and associated technical fields. Students will use AutoCAD to
produce detailed two and three dimensional computer-generated drawings and gain an understanding
of the role of computers in the drafting world. See instructor for course fee.
Drafting – Civil/Structural - This capstone course brings together and further develops the disciplines
explored in the beginning and intermediate drafting levels. The class is highly recommended for those
students desiring a challenging course of study pertaining to drafting related career in architecture,
engineering and associated technical fields. See instructor for course fee.
CTE22987 Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in
architecture, engineering and drafting industry. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE
office, 527-6050 for course availability and enrollment information. See instructor for course fee.


English Electives Courses

                                                                      Offered at:
                                                 Grade Level

                                                               LCHS




                                                                                    SALC
                                                                        MHS

                                                                              OHS




  Course #                   Title                                                                Prerequisite
 ENG10311       Assisted Reading               9-12                                    None
 ENG10214       Creative Writing               11-12                                    None
 ENG10834       Debate                         10-12                                      None
 ENG10994       Latino/Latina Literature       10-12                                      None
  ENG1042       Literature/Fine Arts           9-12                                       None
 ENG10064       Multicultural Literature       11-12                                      None
 ENG10814       Speech                         10-12                                      None


English Elective Course Descriptions
Assisted Reading - In this course students will have the opportunity to focus on their reading skills.
Assistance is targeted to students' particular weaknesses, and is designed to improve student's
reading skills and comprehension. It will also help students to develop strategies to read more
efficiently as they progress through school.
Creative Writing - This course offers students the opportunity to develop and improve their technique
and individual style in poetry, short story, drama, essays, and other forms of prose. The emphasis of the
class is on writing, although exemplary representations and authors may be studied to provide a fuller
appreciation of the form and craft.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                           61
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Debate - Learn the fine arts of argumentation and oration in this forensics course. Students will be
coached privately in public speaking and will learn effective research skills, topic analysis, cross-
examination and Lincoln-Douglas debate formats. As part of the academic grade, each student will be
expected to attend the Baylor Debate Clinic in El Paso, and at least one debate tournament during the
semester.

Latino/Latina Literature - This class focuses on Latino(a) writers/poets/playwrights and covers novels,
short stories, poetry, theater, and cinema. Students will be exploring the presented work from various
perspectives and will be expected to discuss, analyze, evaluate, and synthesize these works.

Literature/Fine Arts - This course provides students with the opportunity to explore the connection and
interrelationships between a society’s expression of ideas and philosophies through its literature and its
fine art. Students may study a particular period in a country or region, or may export the changes and
development of literature and art over time.

Multicultural Literature - This is a rigorous course that explores culture through contemporary Mexican-
African-Asian, and Native-American literature as students practice literary analysis and composition
skills.

Speech - In this course, students will receive instruction in oral communication, experience in actual
speaking situations and discussions, research topics for informative, persuasive, descriptive and other
speeches, observe guest speakers and analyze strengths and weaknesses of other students.




62                                                                                 Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                               High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



Family and Consumer Sciences Electives Courses

                                                                     Offered at:




                                                Grade Level




                                                                                 MVTC
                                                              LCHS




                                                                                        SALC
                                                                     MHS

                                                                           OHS
  Course #                     Title                                                                     Prerequisite
  FCS05024      Family and Consumer Science                                                    None
                                               9-12           
                – General
  FCS05994      Exploring Careers              9-12                                           None
  FCS05061      Creative Fashions l            9-12                                         None
  FCS05062      Creative Fashions 2            9-12                                         Creative Fashions 1
  FCS05063      Creative Fashions 3            10-12                                         Creative Fashions 2
 FCS050644      Creative Fashions 4            11-12                                         Creative Fashion 3
  FCS05234      Interior Design                9-12                                          None
  FCS05044      Food Science                   9-12                                         None
  FCS05324      Culinary Arts 1                10-12                                       Food Science
  FCS05334      Culinary Arts 2                10-12                                        Culinary Arts 1
  FCS05094      Professional Baking                                                            Food Science – MHS; Culinary
                                               10-12                
                                                                                               Arts 1 – LCHS
  FCS05304      Entrepreneurship/Creative                                                      Food Science
                                               10-12                 
                Pastry
  FCS05054      Child Development              9-12                                         None
  FCS0519       Early Childhood                11-12                                       Child Development
 NDP25334       Pre-Teaching 1                 10-12                                        None
 NDP25335       Pre-Teaching 2                 10-12                                        Pre-Teaching 1
 MVT05134       MVT Life Management            8-12                                           None
 FCS05134L      Life Skills and Life                                                           None
                                               10-12          
                Management
 FCS05164P      Personal Development           11-12                                          None; MHS fall only
  FCS05174      Money Management /                                                             MHS spring only
                                               11-12                 
                Independent Living
  FCS05404      Introduction to Hospitality    11-12                                          Instructor Approval
  FCS0534       Lodging Management 1                                                           Introduction to Hospitality &
                                               11-12                       
                                                                                               Instructor Approval
  FCS0549       Lodging Management 2           11-12                                          Lodging Management 1
  FCS05764      GRADS 1 – Teen Pregnancy       9-12                                         None
  FCS05804      GRADS 2 – New Born             9-12                                         None
  FCS05814      GRADS 3 – Parenting            9-12                                         None
  FCS05834      GRADS 4 – Independent Living   9-12                                         None
  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana                                                         COMPASS or ACT Test
                                               11-12                                
                Community College


Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                      63
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Family and Consumer Sciences Course Descriptions

Family & Consumer Science – General - Introduction to Family & Consumer Science General is a
comprehensive course introducing the major content areas of Family & Consumer Science. Specific
areas to be studied include foods and nutrition, self-esteem and human relationships, independent
living skills, textiles and clothing management, housing, consumerism, and introductory child care. It is
designed to give students a basic knowledge of the field, career opportunities and career requirements
will be discussed. Laboratory experiences will be provided when appropriate.

Exploring Careers - In this course students will learn steps to find the right career. Upon completion of
this course students will know winning resume tips, successful job hunting skills, effective interviewing
skills, job readiness guidelines, dressing for success, and how to compete in the highly competitive job
market. Students completing the entire year with a B average or better will receive credit from DACC
upon entry in college, for the course “College Success 101.”

Creative Fashions 1 - This is an introductory course for those with an interest in the apparel industry,
including garment construction. . Students will participate in hands-on activities utilizing creative
abilities in the production of projects for home décor or apparel. Principles of art, design and creation of
unique items using skills related to the use of fibers and fabrics will be studied. Fabric enhancement,
fiber qualities, and utilization of resources will be emphasized. +Lab fee plus additional cost of fabric and
supplies for projects. $10.00 lab fee plus cost of fabric and supplies.

Creative Fashions 2 - This course expands upon the various aspects of wearing apparel, sewing, and
fashion. Information provided usually covers grooming and good health, wardrobe planning, selection,
care, and repair of clothing, personal factors affecting suitable choices in garment design, and the
history of many of our fashions. Basic skills in using sewing equipment and machines, and construction
skills are incorporated in the construction of one or more garments during the typical sewing class.
Related topics such as fashion design and/or merchandising, careers in the clothing industry, and craft
sewing may be part of the course. $10.00 lab fee plus cost of fabric and supplies.

Creative Fashions 3 - This course expands upon the various aspects of fashion industry and will prepare
students to work in the fashion industry. $10.00 lab fee plus cost of fabric and supplies.

Creative Fashion 4 - To enroll in this class you must have teacher approval. Advanced clothing
construction, fashion illustration and design will be studied. This course culminates in the creation of an
industry standard fashion portfolio. $10.00 lab fee plus cost of fabric and supplies.

Interior Design - Interior Design teaches trends in American housing, elements of home design, basics of
interior decorating and consumer and career decision-making related to housing. $15 lab fee.

Food Science - This course will cover basic nutrition, food purchasing, preparation terms and techniques
for following a recipe. This course is designed to assist students in healthy choices in food selection and
preparation, emphasizing consumer and personal management skills, organizational, time management,
and teamwork skills. This course serves as a pre-requisite to other courses. See instructor for course
fee.

Culinary Arts - This class is for the student who has an interest in the restaurant hospitality industry.
The ProStart program is a two semester course. Qualified students can earn a national certificate
recognized by the National Restaurant Association. See instructor for course fee.



64                                                                                   Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Culinary Arts II - This is a continuation of Culinary Arts 1. This is an intensive program involving topics
covering entrepreneurship and managerial techniques, portfolio and customer service skills, safety and
sanitation, catering, quick serve, full service, knife skills, plate presentation, and teamwork. Students
who complete the program, a 400 hour internship, and pass the national exam leave high school with a
national certification. Co-sponsored by National Restaurant Association Education Foundation. Students
must have their own transportation. See instructor for course fee.

Professional Baking - Learn the business of professional baking. Course includes hands on lab
experiences, in which industry-based baking principles and techniques. See instructor for course fee.

Entrepreneurship/Creative Pastry - Course acquaints students with the knowledge and skills necessary
to own and operate their own business. The focus of this course will be leadership using the guidelines
established through FCCLA, entrepreneurship, and cake decorating techniques. Their marketing project
is usually at the discretion of the student and the instructor based on their perception of what would be
successful. Students must complete Food Science with an A or B grade, and purchase their own
decorating tools. See instructor for course fee.

Child Development - Students will study relationships, dating, human sexuality, pregnancy and birth.
Emphasis is placed on decision making skills, responsibilities of parenthood, and all aspects of child
development from conception to pre-school age.

Early Childhood - This course explores early childhood careers, education, and the skills, attitudes and
knowledge needed to support families and their children from birth through eight years of age.
Students receive a certificate from the State of New Mexico Office of Child Development upon
successful completion of this course. Students will work with children in community early childhood
programs. Students must provide their own transportation to and from the worksite. The course
curriculum may contain material related to human sexuality, reproduction and sexually transmitted
diseases.

Pre-Teaching 1 - This course introduces the principles underlying teaching and learning, to recognize
cultural differences, life styles, and effective teaching strategies. Students will be trained in classroom
management, student behavior, leadership, human relations skills, and assessment of student progress.
This is a dual-credit course aligned to the education programs at DACC and NMSU. Students must have
their own transportation.

Pre-Teaching 2 - A continuation of Pre-Teaching 1, this course is designed to help high school students
earn college credit toward a teaching degree at NMSU. Students will learn the basic principles of
learning and teaching. They will learn problem solving, student team building, and leadership skills.
Students will learn how to interact positively in a group setting and they will also learn how to lead a
group. The class will be conducted through hands-on activities in the class as well as outside the
classroom setting. This is a dual-credit course. Students must have their own transportation.

MVT Life Management - As students start planning for the world of work, this MCTV program helps to
ease the way for students as they reach new life milestones. This class offers a variety of school-to-work
transition issues in a student-centered environment and examines real-life challenges in detail.
Students will focus on skills needed to transition into an independent living environment.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                  65
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011


Life Skills and Life Management - Life Skills and Life Management is for the student who wishes to
improve his/her opportunities in building a successful life. The course focus is on building positive
personal skills that will increase competence at work and in his/her personal life. Topics include
increasing self-esteem, developing a lifelong set of core values, decision making, personal development,
time management, life management, interpersonal skills, communicating effectively, and teamwork!
The course curriculum may contain material related to human sexuality, reproduction and sexually
transmitted diseases.

Personal Development - This course deals with typical decisions and challenges faced by teens.
Emphasis is on personal growth, self-esteem, recognition of and resistance to negative social influences
along with coping skills. Strategies for making difficult choices in relationships, sexuality, divorce,
suicide, and other crisis situations will be addressed. The course curriculum may contain material related
to human sexuality, reproduction and sexually transmitted diseases.

Money Management/Independent Living - This course provides an understanding of the concepts and
principles involved in managing one’s personal finances. Topics may include saving and investing, credit,
insurance, taxes and social security, spending patterns and budget planning, contracts, and consumer
protection. An overview of the American economy will be provided.

Introduction to Hospitality - This course provides an overview of the lodging (hotel and motel), food
and beverage service, and tourism industries. Students will explore career pathways and future trends
of the hospitality industry. The student is responsible for transportation to field sites. See instructor for
course fee.

Lodging Management 1 - Students must have passed Introduction to Hospitality with a “B”. The Lodging
Management Program (LMP) provides 11th and 12th grade students with the classroom learning and real
life work experiences needed to take advantage of the boundless opportunities in lodging. A required
work-site internship enables students to experience the organization and operations of the hospitality
industry. See instructor for course fee.

Lodging Management 2 - This course is the advanced course in a sequence of courses designed to
provide the work experience component of the Lodging Management Program (LMP) program of study.
Student will work in an industry based setting and be evaluated by work-based competencies. Students
must provide their own transportation to work-site. Students are awarded course certification for
completion and passing of the course and the national LMP exam. Varying numbers of hours must be
completed in the internship in order to receive the industry-recognized LMP certification. See instructor
for course fee.

GRADS 1 – Teen Pregnancy - This course is designed for the expectant teen and/or teen father. Topics
may include: Surviving teen pregnancy, the importance of prenatal development, birth and delivery,
healthy eating habits, substances and chemicals to avoid, FAS, goal setting, decision-making, staying in
school, communicating with father and his family, and community economic independence, and
resources for teen parents. The course curriculum may contain material related to human sexuality,
reproduction and sexually transmitted diseases.

GRADS 2 – Newborn - This is a course designed for the teen who is parenting a newborn baby under 1
year old. Topics may include: goal setting, decision-making, time management, child development from
birth – 1 yr, brain development, child support, selecting child care, bonding, nutrition, medical attention,
economic independence, and three generational living. The course curriculum may contain material
related to human sexuality, reproduction and sexually transmitted diseases.
66                                                                                   Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                              High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


GRADS 3 – Parenting - This is a course designed for the teen parent with a child 1-3 years of age. Topics
may include: child development for toddlers, potty training, discipline, brain development, career
planning, job portfolios, family law, decision-making, goal setting, second-hand smoke and health issues,
childhood illnesses, healthy relationships, family planning, economic independence, custody, and father
rights. The course curriculum may contain material related to human sexuality, reproduction and
sexually transmitted diseases.

GRADS 4 – This is a course designed for the teen parent with pre-school age children. Topics may
include: living on your own, budgeting, checking accounts, savings, taxes, job security and
advancement, continuing education, balancing work and family, economic independence, reading and
language development, parent-child interaction, child development of pre-school age children,
discipline, child abuse/neglect, and STD’s. The course curriculum may contain material related to human
sexuality, reproduction and sexually transmitted diseases.
Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in family and
consumer science. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for course
availability and enrollment information. See instructor for course fee.



Health Education and Health Occupations Sciences Elective Courses
                                                             Offered at:
                                               Grade Level

                                                             LCHS

                                                                    MHS

                                                                          OHS



  Course #                  Title                                                            Prerequisite
  HLT14014      Health Education                9                              None
  SCI15014      Health Care Occupations       9-12                            Physical Science
  SCI15504      Anatomy and Physiology        9-12                           Biology
 SCI17994M      Medical Terminology          10-12                            None
  SCI17134      Sports Medicine 1            10-12                           Biology
 SCI171342      Sports Medicine 2            10-12                            Sports Medicine 1
  FLA1299       Spanish II – Medical         10-12                             Spanish 1
  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana       11-12                           COMPASS or ACT
                Community College


Health Education and Health Occupations Sciences Course Descriptions

Health Education - This course includes topics which include community health, consumer health,
disease prevention and control, environmental health, injury prevention and safety, mental and
emotional health, nutrition, personal health, physical and social development, HIV-AIDS, and substance
use and abuse.

Health Care Occupations - This course includes an overview of health care delivery; patient care,
including assessment of vital signs, body mechanics, and diet; anatomy and physiology; identification
and use of medical equipment and supplies; medical terminology; hygiene and disease prevention; first
aid and CPR procedures; laboratory procedures; and ethical and legal responsibilities.


Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                       67
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011


Anatomy & Physiology – (This course satisfies a science credit toward graduation.)The purpose of this
course is to provide students with an advanced and detailed understanding of the structure and
functions of the human body. It is intended to prepare those who are interested in further specialized
work in the medical or biological sciences. Laboratory work including dissection and other hands-on
activities will be used in teaching and reinforcing conceptual information.

Medical Terminology - Medical Terminology is designed for those students interested in the field of
medicine and health care. The course builds a medical vocabulary from suffixes, prefixes, and word
roots for medical terms. The focus is primarily on dissecting new words to uncover their meaning,
rather than memorizing every word in the text. Vocabulary used in the medical field to identify
symptoms, and diagnose and treat disorders is emphasized.

Spanish II – Medical – The class will continue working on speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills
at a more advanced level focusing on term and vocabulary used in the medical field. Students must
converse in Spanish in this course. This course is recommended for student in the Medical Career
Pathway.

Sports Medicine 1 - This course is designed for students who have an interest in a medical profession
such as an athletic trainer, emergency medical technician, nurse, physical therapist, radiologist and
physician. The course will cover topics dealing with anatomy, physiology, first aid, ambulation,
protective strapping, injury prevention, injury recognition, injury management and treatment, legal
implications in sports medicine. The course will also cover the use of therapeutic modalities, exercise
rehabilitation, protective equipment, and nutritional considerations related to athletics. There is a
$15.00 lab fee for this course.

Sports Medicine 2 - Students learn advanced methods in Sports Medicine 2, building on the knowledge
gained in Sports Medicine 1. Definitive care and prevention techniques will be discussed. The advanced
techniques of rehabilitation, including exercise modalities, therapeutic exercise, nutrition, and exercise
physiology will be covered. Advanced principles of strapping, stretching, and preventative care will also
be covered. There is a $15.00 lab fee for this course.

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in health
occupations. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for course availability
and enrollment information. See instructor for course fee.




68                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Mass Communication Elective Courses

                                                               Offered at:




                                                 Grade Level

                                                               LCHS

                                                                      MHS

                                                                            OHS
  Course #                   Title                                                          Prerequisite
  CPS1074       Communication Exploration         9                             None
 ENG190242      Advanced Print Journalism                                         Communication Exploration
                                                11-12                 
                (Newspaper)
 ENG19314       Photojournalism                                                   Communication Exploration, Art
                                                11-12                            1, Computer Applications or
                                                                                  Graphic Design
 ENG191142      Digital Editing and Broadcast                                     Communication Exploration
                                                 10            
                Basics
 ENG19214       Mass Media-Communication                                          Communication Exploration and
                                                11-12                           Digital Editing and Broadcast
                                                                                  Basics
 ENG19114       Mass Media-Production                                             MHS, Communication
                                                11-12                          Exploration; LCHS, OHS, Digital
                                                                                  editing and Broadcast Basics
 ENG191145      Mass Media – Advanced                                             Mass Media Production
                                                10-12                       
                Production
 ENG19215       Mass Media-Advanced                                               Teacher recommendation
                                                 12                        
                Communication
 ENG19964       Independent Study Mass                                            Teacher recommendation
                                                 12                        
                Communication
  CTE22987      Dual Credit – Doña Ana          11-12                     
                                                                                  COMPASS or ACT
                Community College


Mass Communication Elective Course Descriptions

Communication Exploration - Communication is all round us. See how it applies to you. Enroll in this
fast-passed survey course covering video production, web design, graphic arts/printing, and commercial
art.

Advanced Print Journalism - students will use interviewing techniques to gain information, comprehend
what is read from a variety of sources, write in a variety of forms (including narrative, expository, and
persuasive writings), analyze mass media, and create original broadcasts. Students in this course will be
proficient in QUARK, InDesign, Photoshop, and Illustrator. Students will be responsible for the high
school newspaper and the parent newsletter. See instructor for course fee.

Photojournalism - Want to take better pictures and learn how to edit them in Photoshop? In this class,
you will learn about digital camera operation, photography techniques (like lighting, focus, composition,
and special effects), and image editing. This course articulates with DACC CMT 115.

Digital Editing and Broadcast Basics - This course is articulated with DACC’s CMT 190 and CMT 195;
meaning it is worth 6 college credits. This project-based course will cover: lighting, audio, production
equipment, genre of film, and editing software Final Cut Pro. See instructor for course fee.
Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                           69
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011


Mass Media-Communication - This class will provide students that are new to the school’s Broadcast
Staff class with the opportunity to think critically about the role of media in society and focus greatly on
the audio component of media all while reporting the school news to the student body. See instructor
for course fee.

Mass Media Production - This class will provide student with the opportunity to think critically about
the role of media in society. Students in this class will become proficient editors using Final Cut Pro;
including the use of color correction, vector scopes, motion effects, and advanced editing techniques
used by film makers. Students will also learn advanced techniques of professional film making while
enhancing reporting skills. Students will also work on directing short movies, commercials, and other
short projects. See instructor for course fee.

Mass Media-Advanced Production – This class will provide students with continued and advanced
studies in all areas of mass media production listed above. See instructor for course fee.

Mass Media-Advanced Communication - While serving as producers for your school’s broadcast,
students will think critically and evaluate the role of media in society. Students will investigate and
implement various techniques for delivering a particular message, visual image, audio segment, and
propaganda. See instructor for course fee.

Independent Study Mass Communication - An internship in the media work place will be tailor-made to
provide students a studio environment where students will work on professional media products.
See instructor for course fee.

Dual Credit - Doña Ana Community College offers advanced courses to further your studies in media
technologies. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for course availability
and enrollment information. See instructor for course fee.




70                                                                                   Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                  High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



Military Science Elective Courses

                                                                 Offered at:




                                                   Grade Level

                                                                 LCHS

                                                                        MHS
                                                                              OHS
 Course #                     Title                                                               Prerequisite
AER21114AF      Introduction to ROTC- Air Force   9-12                             None
 AER21114       Introduction to ROTC - Army       9-12                             None
 AER21114N      Introduction to ROTC Navy         9-12                             None
AER21124AF      Military ROTC – Air Force                                           Introduction to ROTC – Appropriate
                                                  10-12                 
                                                                                    Branch
  AER2114       Military ROTC – Army                                                Introduction to ROTC – Appropriate
                                                  10-12          
                                                                                    Branch
 AER21124N      Military ROTC – Navy                                                Introduction to ROTC – Appropriate
                                                  10-12                       
                                                                                    Branch
AER21215AF      ROTC Drill – Air Force            11-12                            Military ROTC – appropriate branch
 AER21215       ROTC Drill – Army                 11-12                            Military ROTC – appropriate branch
 AER21215N      ROTC Drill – Navy                 11-12                            Military ROTC – appropriate branch
AER21955AF      Military Science – Air Force      11-12                            ROTC Drill – appropriate branch
 AER21955       Military Science – Army           11-12                            ROTC Drill – appropriate branch
 AER21955N      Military Science - Navy           11-12                            ROTC Drill – appropriate branch


Military Science Elective Course Descriptions

AER21114 (Air Force, Army, Navy) - The Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, or JROTC, is designed to
teach high school students the value of citizenship, leadership, service to the community, personal
responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment, while instilling in students self-esteem, teamwork, and
self-discipline. It prepares high school students for responsible leadership roles while making them
aware of their rights, responsibilities, and privileges as American citizens. JROTC provides instruction
and rewarding opportunities that will benefit the student, community, and nation.

AER21124 (Air Force, Army, Navy) - The primary objectives of Military ROTC courses include instruction
in the history, organization, role, objectives and achievements of the military. Military customs,
courtesies, rank, drill and ceremonies are included in the course. Citizenship and scholarship are also
emphasized. This course will substitute for PE if taken for 2 credits.

AER21215 (Air Force, Army, Navy) The course provides students with additional opportunity to improve
their skills in military precision. Marching and rifle manipulation, body coordination and mechanics, and
performing as a member of an orchestrated team are particularly emphasized. Members of these
classes will take part in ceremonies and competitions.

AER21955 (Air Force, Army, Navy) - This course conveys information from other subject areas, but
relates the skills and knowledge specifically to the emphasized branch of service. Examples include
engine mechanics, electricity / electronics courses, and aviation techniques.

Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                71
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Modern Foreign Languages Elective Courses

                                                              Offered at:




                                                Grade Level

                                                              LCHS

                                                                     MHS

                                                                           OHS
 Course #                  Title                                                             Prerequisite
 FLA12364     French 1                         9-12                           None
 FLA12374     French 2                         9-12                           French 1
 FLA12384     French 3                         10-12                           French 2
 FLA12065     AP French Language (4)           11-12                           French 3
 FLA12075     AP French Literature (5)          12                              French 4
 FLA1299F     Modern French Society            11-12                           Instructor approval
 FLA12564     German 1                         9-12                            None
 FLA12574     German 2                         9-12                            German 1
 FLA12584     German 3                         10-12                           German 2
 FLA12115     AP German Language (4)            12                             German 3
FLA12994G     Modern German Society            11-12                           Instructor approval
 FLA12524     Spanish 1                        9-12                           None
 FLA12715     Spanish for Heritage Learners                                      Placement Exam, Instructor
                                               9-12           
                                                                                 approval
 FLA12714     Spanish for Spanish Speakers 1                                     Students for whom Spanish is a
                                               9-12                      
                                                                                 first language
 FLA12534     Spanish 2                        9-12                           Spanish 1
 FLA12724     Spanish for Spanish Speakers 2   10-12                          Spanish for Spanish Speakers 1
 FLA12994     Spanish 2 – Medical              9-12                             Spanish 1
 FLA12544     Spanish 3                        11-12                          Spanish 2
 FLA12734     Spanish for Spanish Speakers 3   11-12                          Spanish for Spanish Speakers 2
 FLA12025     AP Spanish Language (4)          11-12                          Spanish 3
 FLA12035     AP Spanish Literature (5)        11-12                            Spanish Language 4


Modern Foreign Language Elective Course Descriptions

French 1 - Students will be provided with experiences in listening comprehension, speaking, reading,
and writing French. Students will be able to talk about everyday life and aspects of French culture,
holidays and customs. Woven throughout this course is the study of Paris and its major monuments,
plus the countries and bodies of water bordering France as well as the main mountains and rivers of
France.

French 2 - Students will be provided with more advanced experiences in understanding both spoken and
written French. They will develop greater speaking and writing competence. Cultural studies include an
in-depth analysis of the most famous French provinces and their artistic, scientific, historic, athletic and
economic contributions to France, their major cities and the most famous Chateaux of the Loire Valley.
Students will also get a view of French schools and the average French student’s daily schedule.


72                                                                                                Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                    High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

French 3 - Students will be provided with experiences to further develop listening, speaking, reading,
and writing skills. They will gain an understanding of selected French literature and keep a journal.
Cultural studies include an in-depth analysis of the French speaking overseas departments and
territories, their history, major artistic, scientific, and athletic achievements, legends, traditions and
some Francophone literature.

AP French Language (4) - This course is a preparation for the AP French Language Exam. Students will
be provided with experiences to refine listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Students will
further develop an understanding of various literary forms and broaden their knowledge of the French
and Francophone cultures. Other topics will be pursued according to teacher and student interests. The
study of famous names and important events and periods of French history plus an introduction to the
arts and literature of the 19th and 20th centuries is included in the cultural content of this course.

AP French Literature - This course is preparation for the AP French Literature Exam. This course will
emphasize the in-depth study of selected French literature in preparation for the AP French literature
exam. Cultural studies will include the art, sciences, history and literature of 16th, 17th, and 18th
century France.

Modern French Society - This course prepares students for and provides them with a two week home
stay and visit in France. This course meets once a month during the regular school year and daily during
the stay in France. In preparation for travel, students are required to develop an illustrated portfolio.
While in France, students are required to document similarities and differences between American and
French societies in a French-language journal. Other projects may be required.

German 1 - From the very first day, students will learn to speak, read, write and understand German-the
language of science, business, literature, music, medicine and much more. During their course of study,
students will explore the rich, diverse, and contemporary culture of the German-speaking countries.
German is taught in an engaging and communicative style with an emphasis on applying the language
orally and in writing. Communicative skills are emphasized.

German 2 - Furthering communication skills in German is at the heart of this course. Face-to-face and
written communication is the main focus. During this course of study, students will gain knowledge and
understanding of the cultures of the German-speaking world. Through comparisons and contrasts with
German, students will develop a greater insight into their own language and culture. Various
technologies will be used to support student learning. Various media including video, music and the
web resources will be explored.

German 3 - Continued effective communication in German is at the heart of this course, which includes
a focus on face-to-face and written communication as well as German literature written for teenagers.
Students will gain further knowledge and a more comprehensive understanding of the cultures of the
German-speaking world. The course has an interdisciplinary focus on history, literature, art, music and
geography. Students will access knowledge that is unavailable to the non-German speakers and
participate in German communities around the world through the use of various technologies.

AP German Language (4) - This course is designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement
German examination and helps students refine their communication proficiencies in face-to-face and
written communication. Students will gain further knowledge and a more comprehensive
understanding of the historical and contemporary cultures of the German-speaking world. Students will
employ various technologies to improve their knowledge and language abilities.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                    73
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Modern German Society - This course prepares students for and provides them with a four-week home
stay and school visit in Germany. This course meets twice monthly during the regular school year and
daily during the stay in Germany. In preparation for the exchange visit, students are required to develop
an illustrated portfolio. While in Germany, students are required to document similarities and
differences between American and German societies in a German-language journal. Students are
expected to present a project to be offered at the German partner school.

Spanish 1 - THIS COURSE IS DESIGNED FOR STUDENTS WHO HAVE NO PROFICIENCY IN SPANISH. The
students will be provided with experiences in speaking, reading, writing and in listening comprehension.
Students will develop an appreciation and understanding of the Spanish culture and language. Students
must converse in Spanish in this course.

Spanish for Heritage Learners - THIS COURSE IS FOR STUDENTS WHO HAVE SOME UNDERSTANDING
AND FUNCTIONAL ABILITY IN SPANISH as a result of their home environment, though their fluency may
be weak. Heritage learners of Spanish are a valuable linguistic and cultural resource. In this course,
students will refine their language skills and learn a more formal use of the language. Students will
develop basic reading and writing skills, and reinforce their listening and speaking skills. They will also
gain cultural knowledge fostering a deeper appreciation and understanding of the Hispanic culture. This
course is conducted mainly in Spanish.

Spanish for Spanish Speakers 1 - STUDENTS MUST HAVE FLUENCY IN SPANISH. This course will expand
listening comprehension, oral, and written expressions, and introduce students to Spanish-speaking
cultures. Students must converse in Spanish.

Spanish 2 - This course is a continuation of Spanish 1. The class will continue working on speaking,
listening, reading, and writing skills at a more advanced level. The students must converse in Spanish in
this course.

Spanish for Spanish Speakers 2 - Students will work on speaking, reading, and writing skills at a more
advanced level than Spanish for Spanish-Speakers 1. The literature and culture of Spanish-speaking
countries will be further explored. Classes will be taught in Spanish and students must converse in
Spanish.

Spanish 2 – Medical – The class will continue working on speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills
at a more advanced level focusing on term and vocabulary used in the medical field. Students must
converse in Spanish in this course. This course is recommended for students in the Medical Career
Pathway.

Spanish 3 - This course will offer students, who have completed prerequisite courses, an opportunity to
develop advanced skills in the Spanish language. Various media such as video, music and art will be
included to enhance the language, and culture. Students must converse in Spanish.

Spanish for Spanish Speakers 3 - This course will offer students an opportunity to develop advanced
skills in the Spanish language. Students must converse in Spanish.

AP Spanish Language (4) - This course will offer students an opportunity to develop advanced skills in
the Spanish language. Emphasis on grammar and introduction to readings of Spanish-speaking countries
will be the basis of class discussions and writing projects. Students will converse in Spanish at all times.




74                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                 High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

AP Spanish Literature (5) - This course will be an in-depth study of selected authors in preparation for
the AP Spanish Literature Exam based upon AP College Board requirements. Spanish, Mexican, Central
American, Caribbean, South American, and Hispanic American literary works are utilized and may need
to be purchased by students. Course will be taught strictly in Spanish.

Non-Department Elective Courses

                                                                     Offered at:




                                                Grade Level

                                                              LCHS




                                                                                   SALC
                                                                       MHS

                                                                             OHS
  Course #                 Title                                                                    Prerequisite
 NDP229942      Academic Decathlon            11-12                                      Teacher recommendation
  HSTEAM        ACT/SAT Prep – College                                                    None
                                              11-12           
                Success
 NDP08624       ENLACE Academic Curriculum                                                Instructor Approval
                                               9-12                             
                for Excellence (ACE)
 NDP08034       Study Skills                   9-12                                      None
 NDP08414R      Leadership – Renaissance      11-12                                      None
 NDP08744C      Cheer                                                                     Successful audition –
                                               9-12           
                                                                                          cheerleaders and mascot
 NDP08744P      Poms                                                                      Successful audition to Pom Pom
                                               9-12           
                                                                                          Squad
 DRE08174       Driver Education               9-12                                    Must be 15 when class begins
 NDP08224       Office/Guidance Assistant       12                                    Good Academic Record
 NDP08234       Teacher Assistant             11-12                                   Good Academic Record
 NDP08254       Library Aide                  11-12                                   Good Academic Record
 NDP08324       Peer Helper                   11-12                                     Good Academic Record, 3.0 GPA
 NDP08314       Student Tutor                 11-12                                      Good Academic Record


Non-Department Elective Course Descriptions

Academic Decathlon – In this inter-disciplinary class, students will study math, history, science,
literature/composition, music, art, and economics as they relate to a central theme. Students will also
develop interview and speech skills. A rigorous and exciting course, the Academic Decathlon class builds
knowledge as well as analytical thinking, and test-taking skills. The spring competition team will be
selected from the members of this class.

ACT/SAT Prep – College Success - In this course, students will be introduced to the format of the
ACT/SAT tests and test-taking strategies. The course is based on basic English and math skills and
includes practice testing and assessment. Student will al o be exposed to various aspects of college life
throughout the year by way of guest speakers and the course will culminate in a campus visit to NMSU.
The College Success portion is designed to provide students with tolls, techniques, and resources to
enhance academic performance and will assist students in the transition to college and/or concurrent
dual credit enrollment.



Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                  75
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

ENLACE Academic Curriculum for Excellence (ACE) - Students will acquire university level study skills
and techniques while developing a deeper understanding of the history and culture in our region.
Examples of topics covered are: personal learning styles, memorization techniques, note-taking systems
and test-taking strategies. The course will also guide students through the process of researching and
planning for entrance into the university of their choice as well as give students opportunities to
experience university life. Students will have access to campus resources and be given opportunities to
take part in various workshops and events on campus throughout the school year.

Study Skills - This course prepares students for success in high school or for post secondary education.
Course topics may vary, but may include reading improvement skills, such as scanning, note taking, and
outlining; library and research skills; listening, note taking, and vocabulary skills; and test taking skills.
The course may also include exercises to generate organized and logical thinking and writing.

Leadership - Renaissance - This course is for all students who are dedicated to encouraging academic
excellence and recognizing and rewarding achievements and good citizenship. The class will focus on
four target areas: increasing student attendance, improving overall academic performance, increasing
graduation rates and creating a positive, safe school environment. Students will be engaged in
brainstorming techniques as well as implementing various programs and incentives for the High School
community.

Cheer - The cheerleaders form a spirit organization whose members perform at pep rallies, football,
volleyball, and basketball games. Members are also required to attend other activities selected by the
sponsor. This class concentrates on conditioning, building skills and practicing cheerleading routines for
leading cheering at athletic events and competing at cheerleading contests. The cheerleaders and
mascot must enroll in this course. All cheerleaders must abide by the rules of the constitution. See
instructor for course fee.

Poms - The Pom Squad will be offered opportunities to explore the vocabulary of dance movement and
to acquire fundamental skills in ballet, jazz, hip-hop, novelty, military, pom, high kick, and prop. The
students will learn dance routines, cheers, and chants. Further, the student will develop creative
expression through movement, develop awareness of space, time, and energy as design factors in dance
and develop self-confidence through dance and appreciation for dance as an art form. This class
concentrates on conditioning, building skills and practicing routines for performing events and
competing at contests. See instructor for course fee.

Driver Education - This course is designed to meet the required NM Traffic Safety Bureau’s NON-
DRIVING portion of licensing. The course offers lecture and audiovisual presentations. A grade of S or U
is earned for the course. The class meets at “zero hour” either before or after school. After four weeks
students may be eligible to receive a learner’s permit. Upon successful completion of the course,
students will receive a certificate of completion.

Office/Guidance Assistant - The responsibilities of the office/guidance assistant include: helping with
attendance, delivering messages, working on special office projects, and answering the main office
phone. Students must complete an application form and have it signed by the counselor in charge of
assigning office aides. Students will not be assigned to be an office/guidance assistant without
completion of the form. A student may not earn more than 1 credit for Office/Guidance Assistant.




76                                                                                     Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Teacher Assistant - Students must submit an application signed by the teacher they are to work for
before they are scheduled in the course. Signed application forms must be attached to their registration
card or they may be returned to the counselor in charge of assigning teacher assistants. A student will
only be assigned to be a teacher assistant with this completed form. Assignments for teacher aides are
made ONLY by the counselor in charge of teacher assistant. Unless otherwise approved by the principal,
teachers may have only one student assistant. A student may not earn more than 1 credit for Teacher
Assistant.

Library Aide - Responsibilities of the Library Aide include assisting students with computers, checking
materials in and out, processing and shelving books, delivering messages, and answering the phone.
Assistants will also work on special library media projects such as creating displays, bulletin boards, and
desktop publishing documents for use in the library. A student may not earn more than 1 credit for
Library Aide.

Peer Helper - Students must apply to be accepted to this course. Peer helping is designed to teach
students the skills necessary to become effective peer helpers. These include communication skills,
decision-making, goal-setting, listening, tutoring techniques, strategies for cross-age helping, reporting
obligations, working with adults, and knowledge of community agency services. Additional units include
identifying career opportunities within the helping profession, comparing occupational requirements,
interpersonal aptitudes, abilities, preferences and understanding job seeking and job-retention skills. All
students must participate in school or community service. In the event Peer Helper is assigned as a zero
hour class, students must complete a minimum of 90 hours of training and service in order to be eligible
for credit. Students are required to work an average of eight hours a week or a total of 120 hours by the
end of the semester.

Student Tutor - Students taking this course are assigned to a teacher who teaches students who have
identified disabilities or impairments. The teacher will supervise the student tutor in providing
assistance to the student in this class.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                 77
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011



Physical Education Elective Courses

                                                                       Offered at:




                                                  Grade Level


                                                                LCHS




                                                                                     SALC
                                                                         MHS

                                                                               OHS
     Course #                Title                                                                        Prerequisite
 PED23054       Required PE, PE credit           9-12                                   None
 PED23055       Honors Physical Education        9-12                                     Teacher recommendation
 PED11014       Fundamentals of Dance, PE                                                   None
                                                 9-12                         
                credit
 PED11025       Performing Dance                 9-12                                      Teacher recommendation
 PED23224       Weight Training and Personal                                                Required PE
                                                 10-12                            
                Fitness
 PED23225       Advanced Weight Training                                                    Weight Training and Personal Fitness
                                                 10-12                            
                and Personal Fitness
 PED23124       Individual & Dual Sports         10-12                                   Required PE
 PED23145A      Professional Fitness             10-12                                   Required PE
 PED23145       Professional Fitness - Careers   10-12                                     Required PE
 PED30014       Athletics – Football             10-12                                   Required PE & Instructor Approval
 PED30044B      Athletics – Boys Basketball      10-12                                   Required PE & Instructor Approval
 PED30044G      Athletics – Girls Basketball     10-12                                   Required PE & Instructor Approval
 PED30034       Athletics – Girls Volleyball     10-12                                   Required PE
 PED23994       Cross Training                   10-12                                     Required PE
  SCI17134      Sports Medicine 1                10-12                                   Biology
 SCI171342      Sports Medicine 2                10-12                                   Sports Medicine 1
     PED2772    Sports Psychology                10-12                                     None
 PED30254       Athletic Training                10-12                                   Instructor Approval
 PED23214       Gymnastics                       10-12                         √            None


Physical Education Course Descriptions

Physical Education - Course provides instruction and development of skills in human movement,
physical activities, and physical fitness. Students will gain knowledge of different fitness activities, about
anatomy, cardiovascular & muscular fitness. Students will be introduced to a variety of individual and
dual sports along with team sports and lifelong activities, and gain a basic knowledge of different
principals and methods to lead to an active lifestyle.

Honors Physical Education - This is a rigorous class to prepare the students for competition at the 9th
grade level. The students will also gain knowledge of principals pertaining to cardiovascular, muscle &
flexibility fitness, along with anatomy, physiology and weight lifting principals. Students who have
advanced physical education abilities and a strong desire to participate in 9th grade athletics ie, Girls
Basketball, Boys Basketball and Freshman Football should enroll in this class.


78                                                                                                    Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                       High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Fundamentals of Dance - This course meets the Physical Education required graduation credit. The
course emphasizes basic principles of movement, locomotors, and non-locomotors skills, and the
elements of space, time, and movement. The student will be introduced to various dance forms,
including ballet, modern, rock jazz and hip-hop. Students will be given opportunity for self-expression
through dance choreography.

Performing Dance - The course may be repeated for credit. If a student has had prior dance lessons (at
least one year), they may obtain permission from the instructor to enroll without taking the
Fundamentals of Dance. Students must provide their own leotards, tights, and proper shoes. Emphasis
is placed on more advanced levels of techniques.

Weight Training and Personal Fitness - Students will learn and apply principles and techniques related
to the components of health fitness: cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength & endurance, flexibility and
body composition. Students will learn some anatomy and physiology of exercise, and will participate in
an exercise program designed to promote health fitness. Course provides instruction and development
of skills with free-weights and weight stations.

Advanced Weight Training and Personal Fitness - This course may occur at a gym OFF CAMPUS.
Students must be able to provide their own transportation. Students will learn and apply advanced
principles and techniques related to the components of health fitness: cardiovascular fitness, muscle
strength & endurance, flexibility and body composition. Student will learn anatomy and physiology of
exercise and will participate in an exercise program designed to promote health fitness. Only students
serious about physical fitness should enroll in this course.

Individual & Dual Sports - This course focuses on life long leisure activities. Some of activities that the
class may participate in, but are not limited to are tennis, badminton, horseshoes, pickle ball, bowling,
archery, and ping pong and personal fitness.

Professional Fitness – This course provides instruction and development of skills in physical fitness.
Aerobics, and other expressive movements are areas that will be covered. Students learn how to
monitor their heart rates and have a better understanding of their bodies.

Professional Fitness – Careers – This course is designed for students wishing to prepare for careers in
civil service, military, police (city and state), border patrol and fire department. This class will prepare
students through vigorous physical conditioning to take entrance physical fitness exams.

Athletics – Football - Students who are interested in football and have a high degree of fundamental
and self-achievement skills, the opportunity to improve and develop these skills toward maximum
personal goals. The course is designed for the student who wishes to develop coordination, power,
speed, strength, and cardiovascular endurance. Classroom instruction will include heavy weight
training, advanced flexibility, agility drills, and vigorous physical fitness, running skills, sport strategy,
health care and nutrition, advanced skill work, and advanced sports and activities.
Athletics – Boys Basketball - Students who are interested in basketball and have a high degree of
fundamental and self-achievement skills, the opportunity to improve and develop these skills toward
maximum personal goals. The course is designed for the student who wishes to develop coordination,
power, speed, strength, and cardiovascular endurance. Classroom instruction will include heavy weight
training, advanced flexibility, agility drills, vigorous physical fitness, running skills, sport strategy, health
care and nutrition, advanced skill work, and advanced sports and activities




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                        79
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Athletics - Girls Basketball - Students who are interested in basketball and have a high degree of
fundamental and self-achievement skills, the opportunity to improve and develop these skills toward
maximum personal goals. The course is designed for the student who wishes to develop coordination,
power, speed, strength, and cardiovascular endurance. Classroom instruction will include heavy weight
training, advanced flexibility, agility drills, vigorous physical fitness, running skills, sport strategy, health
care and nutrition, advanced skill work, and advanced sports and activities.

Athletics – Girls Volleyball - Students who are interested in volleyball and have a high degree of
fundamental and self-achievement skills, the opportunity to improve and develop these skills toward
maximum personal goals. The course is designed for the student who wishes to develop coordination,
power, speed, strength, and cardiovascular endurance. Classroom instruction will include heavy weight
training, advanced flexibility, agility drills, vigorous physical fitness, running skills, sport strategy, health
care and nutrition, advanced skill work, and advanced sports and activities.

Cross Training - This course is open to both boys and girls and will concentrate on aerobic fitness and
other forms of conditioning. Students will learn how to take resting and working heart rate, blood
pressure, measure the percentage of body fat, learn how to diet properly while maintaining muscle
mass, learn about nutrition, weight control for life, and other elements of staying fit. The class will have
several guest speakers and use a variety of aerobic techniques throughout the year. Jump roping,
jogging, aerobics, step workouts, weight lifting, circuit training, and stamina work are some of the
cardiovascular methods that will be employed. Cross Training will be stressed. Only the student who is
serious about improving his/her fitness and is SELF-MOTIVATED should sign up.
Sports Medicine 1 - This course is designed for students who have an interest in a medical profession
such as an athletic trainer, emergency medical technician, nurse, physical therapist, radiologist and
physician. The course will cover topics dealing with anatomy, physiology, first aid, ambulation,
protective strapping, injury prevention, injury recognition, injury management and treatment, legal
implications in sports medicine. The course will also cover the use of therapeutic modalities, exercise
rehabilitation, protective equipment, and nutritional considerations related to athletics. There is a
$15.00 lab fee for this course. (This course satifies a science credit towards graduation.)

Sports Medicine 2 - Students learn advanced methods in Sports Medicine 2, building on the knowledge
gained in Sports Medicine 1. Definitive care and prevention techniques will be discussed. The advanced
techniques of rehabilitation, including exercise modalities, therapeutic exercise, nutrition, and exercise
physiology will be covered. Advanced principles of strapping, stretching, and preventative care will also
be covered. There is a $15.00 lab fee for this course. (This course satifies a science credit towards
graduation.)

Sports Psychology - The purpose of this course is to explore the mental aspects of athletic competition.
The course is specifically designed to show that the power of the mind is the driving force behind all
athletic achievement. The understanding of psychology will be the basis for the course along with the
use of various texts and guest speakers involved in athletics of the high school and college level.

Athletic Training - Course provides instruction and skill development in techniques of athletic training.
Students enrolled in this course must be eligible for extracurricular activities. Prevention, care, and
rehabilitation of the injured athlete are the main focuses of this course.

Gymnastics- This course will have a program that will be broke down in to phases 4 phases. Phase 1,
Acquiring and developing basic gymnastics skills and safety measures; Phase 2, Selecting and applying
skills, tactics and compositional ideas; Phase 3, Knowledge and understanding of fitness and health;
Phase 4, Evaluating and improving performance.


80                                                                                       Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Pre-Engineering Elective Courses
                                                                       Offered at:




                                                  Grade Level

                                                                LCHS




                                                                                     SALC
                                                                         MHS

                                                                               OHS
  Course #                   Title                                                                     Prerequisite
 PLW16154       Project Lead the Way –                                                      None
                Introduction to Engineering      9-12                        
                Design
 PLW16174       Project Lead the Way –                                                      Algebra
                                                 9-12                        
                Principles in Engineering
  IND16164      Project Lead the Way – Digital                                              IED, POE
                                                 10-12                       
                Electronics, Dual Credit
  CTE22987      Aerospace Engineering, Dual                                                 COMPASS or ACT Test
                                                 11-12                            
                Credit
  CTE22987      Civil Engineering and                                                       COMPASS or ACT Test
                                                 11-12                            
                Architecture, Dual Credit
  CTE22987      Computer Integrated                                                         COMPASS or ACT Test
                                                 11-12                            
                Manufacturing, Dual Credit
  CTE22987      Engineering Design and                                                      COMPASS or ACT Test
                                                 11-12                            
                Development , Dual Credit


Pre-Engineering Elective Course Descriptions
Project Lead the Way – Introduction to Engineering Design - This course teaches problem-solving skills
using a design development process. Models of product solutions are created, analyzed and
communicated using solid modeling computer design software.

Project Lead the Way – Principles of Engineering - This course helps students understand the field of
engineering/engineering technology. Exploring various technology systems and manufacturing
processes help students learn how engineers and technicians use math, science and technology in an
engineering problem solving process to benefit people. The course also includes concerns about social
and political consequences of technological change.

Project Lead the Way - Digital Electronics - This course in applied logic encompasses the application of
electronic circuits and devices. Computer simulation software is used to design and test digital circuitry
prior to the actual construction of circuits and devices.

Aerospace Engineering - Through hands-on engineering projects developed with NASA, students learn
about aerodynamics, astronautics, space-life sciences, and systems engineering (which includes the
study of intelligent vehicles like the Mars rovers Spirit and Opportunity). Notify your school counselor or
call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for course availability and enrollment information.

Civil Engineering and Architecture - This course provides an overview of the fields of Civil Engineering
and Architecture, while emphasizing the interrelationship and dependence of both fields on each other.
Students use state of the art software to solve real world problems and communicate solutions to
hands-on projects and activities. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for
course availability and enrollment information.


Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                             81
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Computer Integrated Manufacturing - A course that applies principles of robotics and automation. This
course builds on computer solid modeling skills developed in Introduction to Engineering Design, and
Design and Drawing for Production. Students use CNC equipment to produce actual models of their
three-dimensional designs. Fundamental concepts of robotics used in automated manufacturing, and
design analysis are included. Notify your school counselor or call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for
course availability and enrollment information.

Capstone Course: Engineering Design and Development - An engineering research course in which
students work in teams to research, design and construct a solution to an open-ended engineering
problem. Students apply principles developed in the four preceding courses and are guided by a
community mentor. They must present progress reports, submit a final written report and defend their
solutions to a panel of outside reviewers at the end of the school year. Notify your school counselor or
call the district CTE office, 527-6050 for course availability and enrollment information.




82                                                                                Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                 High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011



Science Elective Courses

                                                                     Offered at:




                                                Grade Level




                                                                                   MVTC
                                                              LCHS

                                                                       MHS

                                                                             OHS
  Course #                    Title                                                                 Prerequisite
  SCI17614      Astronomy 1                    10-12                                     Physical Science, Biology
 SCI176142      Astronomy 2                    10-12                                     Astronomy 1
 SCI17144Y      Botany                         10-12                                    Physical Science
 VOC01414       Horticulture Science           9-10                                      None
 MVT01414       Introduction to Horticulture   8-12                                      None
  SCI01344      Agriscience                      9                                       None
 SCI17144M      Microbiology                   11-12                                     Biology
  SCI01424      Science of Agriculture                                                    Physical Science or Agriscience
                                               10-12                   
                Animals/Agronomy
  SCI01624      Science of Small and Large                                                Science of Agriculture
                                               11-12                   
                Animals                                                                   Animals/Agronomy
 SCI17144Z      Zoology                        11-12                                    Biology


Science Elective Course Descriptions

Astronomy 1 - Astronomy 1 includes the study of the history of astronomy, coordinate systems,
constellations, instruments, time, the sun, and the classification of stars, the moon, and the earth.
Introductions to the planets and orbital parameters as well as star charts from July through December
are covered with planetarium presentations.

Astronomy 2 - Astronomy 2 is a study of planet classification with an emphasis on each planet, their
moons, and the asteroids and a review of constellations and stars. Additional topics include meteor
impacts, cosmology, and the development of life forms. Star charts from January through June are
included with planetarium presentations.

Botany – Botany is a course designed for students interested in learning about the Plant Kingdom.
Topics include the study of plant classification, photosynthesis, plant parts and function, and
introduction to plant tissue culture. Lecture is combined with lab activities and projects.

Horticulture Science - (This course satifies a science credit towards graduation.) The focus of this course
is an introduction to the various areas included in the horticultural industries. Students will understand
the basic science of plants (botany) and be introduced to the fields of entomology, hydroponics,
landscape design, floral design, fruit and vegetable production, soils, and marketing. The school
greenhouses will used as a hands-on laboratory.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                                   83
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Introduction to Horticulture - (This course satifies a science elective credit towards graduation.) This
program is designed to provide students with a broad range of experiences and skills in the areas of
greenhouse and nursery production, basic floral design, plant propagation and pest management.
Students have access to the school’s greenhouse in addition to outdoor lab facilities. Students practice
content-related curriculum, participate in industry-related field trips and learn from guest speakers who
specialize in the horticulture industry.

Science of Agriculture Animals/Agronomy – (This course satifies a science credit towards
graduation.)This course will focus on specific topics to include photosynthesis, respiration, and analysis
of the difference in plant and animal cell structure, genetics, classification, taxonomy. Also included are
topics including plant diseases; virus and bacteria life cycles and effect on plant growth. This course will
recognize the nature of biotechnology and its impact on the agricultural industry.

Science of Small and Large Animals – (This course satifies a science credit towards graduation.)
Advanced animal science that will prepare students for a career in the veterinary field. This course will
over information about care and management of domesticated animals. Also including animal nutrition,
health, reproduction, anatomy, and physiology of common animal species. Veterinary asepsis, canine
CPR, muzzling techniques, canine cephalic venipuncture, feline jugular venipuncture restraint methods,
proper venipuncture technique, suturing and wound closure. Students will also learn to recognize
animal behaviors to facilitate animal safety.

Microbiology - (This course satifies a science credit towards graduation, and is offered as a .5 credit at
LCHS only.) What you can’t see might hurt you! Microbiology is all about the living world that can’t be
seen with the naked eye. This includes both harmful and beneficial species of bacteria, viruses, and
fungi. We will practice techniques used in safely handling, growing, and viewing these organisms. These
include basic microscopy, aseptic technique, slide preparation, and microbe identification skills. Then
we’ll talk about infectious diseases and their spread, and beneficial bacteria and their role in nature.
Finally, we’ll evaluate the effects of antimicrobial agents and antibiotics in our environment. Lab and
fieldwork activities are integral to this course.

Zoology - (This course satifies a science elective credit towards graduation, and is offered as a .5 credit
at LCHS and one credit at MHS.) Zoology is a course designed for students interested in learning about
the Animal Kingdom. Topics include both invertebrate and vertebrate animals and their ecological
interactions. Lecture is combined with lab activities and projects.




84                                                                                   Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                                High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


Social Science Elective Courses

                                                               Offered at:




                                                 Grade Level

                                                               LCHS

                                                                      MHS

                                                                            OHS
  Course #                     Title                                                           Prerequisite
  SST27774      Anthropology                   10-12                             None
  SST27624      Street Law                      9-12                             None
  SST27614      Law Studies                    10-12                           Instructor’s Approval or Street Law
  SST27644      Legal System                   11-12                            Law Studies or Instructor approval
  SST27615      Law Studies – Special Topics   11-12                             Law Studies or Instructor Approval
  SST27714      Psychology                     11-12                            None
 NDP08434       Student Government                                                See description
                                                9-12           
                Leadership
  SST27514      American Pop Culture           10-12                             World History
  SST27754      Sociology                      10-12                            None
  SST27974      Financial Literacy              9-12           
  SST2799       Your Money                      9-12                             None
  SST27274      Women in American History      11-12                             None


Social Science and History Elective Course Descriptions

Anthropology - Students will explore cultural anthropology (the study of humans in all times and places)
with illustrative materials from a variety of lost and primitive peoples such as the Aborigine, Shuar
Headhunters, Mbuti Pygmies, Azande, Kaluli, Yanomamo and Maya. Study culture through its many
components: expressive art, religion and magic, kinship, subsistence, mores, taboos, clothing, shelter,
music and literature. Investigate what is really means to be “human” by analyzing the social behavior of
non-human primates (apes).

Street Law - This course focuses on city, state, and federal laws, civil and criminal courts systems and
juvenile rights. This course will serve as a guide to young adults regarding their rights in our society. The
Financial Literacy component will provide an understanding of the concept and principles involved in
managing one’s personal finances. Topics may include saving and investing, credit and debt, insurance,
taxes and social security, spending patterns and budget planning, contract, and consumer protection.
An over of the American economy may be provided.

Law Studies - This class examines the history and philosophy of law as part of the U.S. society, and
includes the study of the major areas of both criminal and civil law, such as constitutional rights, torts,
contracts, property, criminal law, family law, and equity. Although emphasis is placed on the study of
law, the workings of the legal system will also be included.

Legal System - This course examines the workings of the U.S. criminal and civil justice systems, including
an understanding of civil and criminal law and the legal process, of the structure and procedures of
courts, and the role of various legal or judicial agencies.


Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                               85
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Law Studies – Special Topics - Special Topic: Correctional Practices & Serial Killers. This course examines
the development of correctional practice, philosophy, and theory within the Criminal Justice system in
the United States. Alternatives to incarceration will also be examined. T his course also examines serial
murderers, past and present with emphasis on the special needs these types of prisoners require.

Psychology - This course encompasses broad areas of research about human behavior. Class discussion,
lecture, and a variety of activities are utilized to learn about such topics as personality theory, methods
of psychological research, brain activity, gender differences, motivation and emotions, and abnormal
behavior. Information will be available to students who want not only to learn about the science of
psychology but the psychology of life as well.

Student Government Leadership - This class is designed to teach leadership skills and offer the students
realistic opportunities in which they can put these skills to work. The course will include theories of
leadership, debate, problem solving, speech making, forensics, committee work, critical path planning,
interpersonal and personal management skills, and citizenship development. This class is designed and
recommended for student body and class officers. Enrollment is limited. To enroll in this class students
must be elected to Student Government Office and an application process must be completed prior to
enrollment. The student body president, vice president and secretary-treasurer are automatic members
of the class and will serve as class moderators. Students must also have instructor approval. This course
may not substitute for the required Government/Economics Course.

American Pop Culture - Explore the dawn and development of American popular culture. Discover what
makes popular culture “popular.” Study the influences of mass media on American society by examining
the role of music, television, movies, magazines and newspapers. Look at leisure pastimes and activities
from baseball to theater-going that characterize American popular culture.

Sociology - The course will examine and study people as individuals, as members of social and ethnic
groups, and as members of social and ethnic groups, and as members of a global community. The
socialization process and factors that influence behaviors will be discussed. Students will investigate
and evaluate value systems. Current social problems and issues such as geriatrics, domestic abuse, child
abuse, rape, and terrorism will also be explored.

Financial Literacy – This course provides an understanding of the concepts and principles involved in
managing one’s personal finances. Topics may include saving and investing, credit and debt, insurance,
taxes and social security, spending patterns and budget planning, contracts, and consumer protection.
An overview of the American economy may also be covered.

Your Money - This course provides students with an overview of the American monetary and banking
system, types of financial institutions, and the services and products they offer. Course content may
include government regulations; checking, savings, and money market accounts; loans; investments,
and negotiable instruments. As the courses provide information about career opportunities, students
may practice the varying responsibilities of personnel within the banking and finance industries.

Women in American History - This course is an elective course that will survey women who influenced
and shaped the development of American History. Students will explore the impact of women who
effected political, economic, and social change: from Pocahontas and Susan B. Anthony to Gloria
Steinem and Ruth Bader Ginsburg. The changing roles and changing conditions of women in American
society will be examined. The course will celebrate the diversity of women and their many contributions
to the growth of the United States.



86                                                                                  Las Cruces Public Schools
                                                                             High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


Summary for Work Based Learning Elective Courses

                                                                   Offered at:




                                              Grade Level




                                                                               MVTC
                                                            LCHS




                                                                                      SALC
                                                                   MHS

                                                                         OHS
  Course #                   Title                                                                       Prerequisite
  CTE02977      EXCEL                       11-12                                       None
 CTE02977P      EXCEL Plus                  11-12                                       EXCEL
 CTE02977B      Banking and Finance         11-12                                       Accounting 1
 CTE02977C      Career Co-Op                11-12                                       EXCEL Plus
  CTE0899T      Theater Tech                11-12                                       Theater 1
  YTY08314      Youth Tutoring Youth        11-12                                       None
  CTE0851       Community Service           11-12                                       None


Work Based Learning Elective Course Descriptions

EXCEL - Open to juniors and seniors as an exploratory course within a chosen program of study.*
Unpaid positions provide valuable job experience. This is a two-credit elective course for one semester
only. (Summer school experience is not counted in this credit limitation.)

Special EXCEL Programs:
    NMSU/EXCEL Pre-Engineering Program - This experience offers students hands-on engineering
       experiences within the NMSU College of Engineering as well as other high tech engineering
       entities throughout Dona Ana County. Students must apply to participate and have completed
       Algebra 1 & 2 and Geometry.

     NASA/EXCEL Aerospace Science Program -This program for seniors interested in aerospace
      science. Students will have the opportunity to explore different areas of the NASA White Sands
      Test Facility. Students must enroll in EXCEL for the morning block, and must apply to participate
      in this program.

     EXCEL Fire Cadet Program. This is an introductory firefighter-training program for high school
      juniors or seniors considering a fire service career. Students must enroll in EXCEL for the
      morning block, and apply to participate in this program.

     CTE03977 Student Tech - juniors and seniors experience extensive training as computer
      technicians. Course work combines classes with hands-on work experience in computer
      technology. Student Technicians work in the school providing assistance to teaching and support
      staff on a daily basis. Tasks can include installing software and hardware, troubleshooting,
      routine maintenance and assisting staff and students with effective use of technology available in
      the school. Dual credit courses are available at DACC for certification in A+, CISCO, or 1-Net
      training.




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                               87
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

Excel Plus - For juniors and seniors who have already completed EXCEL. Application is made during the
prior EXCEL semester. A one-semester, one credit course for students who have exhausted other career
related courses in their program of study at their high school. Positions may be paid or unpaid. This
career experience must be within students’ selected program of study and students must be enrolled,
during the same semester, in a program of study course related to their work placement.

Banking and Finance - The Banking and Finance Internship is the work-based portion of the Banking and
Finance Career major. Students must be hired at a participating bank or financial institution to qualify.
Students enroll for four class periods either in the morning or afternoon based upon the needs of the
financial institution. In addition, students enroll in a career-specific course at DACC. Other prerequisites
include a 2.5 cumulative GRADE point average, admission into the Dual Credit Education Courses,
reliable transportation, basic computer skills, and interest in Banking and Finance as a career.

Career Co Op - Career Co-op is an elective course which provides juniors and seniors the opportunity for
hands-on work experience while earning high school elective credit for paid employment. Experience
based learning combines the elements of an academic classroom with application in a real world work
environment. Students are required to have a paid position in a job that is career-oriented and is
related to the career cluster area they are focused in.

Theater Tech - This course concentrates on building skills in the areas of theatrical lighting and sound.
Students will gain real world experience working at the Performing Arts Center during live productions.
Attendance at additional rehearsals and performances is required. Students must provide their own
transportation.

Youth Tutoring Youth - Students must be credit juniors or seniors to enroll in this course. Students must
provide their own transportation to the work location. The YTY Program utilizes high school juniors and
seniors in a tutoring project with elementary school children. The program offers students a leadership
role, a heightened sense of responsibility, and an opportunity to contribute to their schools and
community. Students work two periods either in the morning or afternoon.

Community Service - The Community Service course provides juniors and seniors with the opportunity
to receive school credit for volunteering their time, energy and talents in a community service project.
The course is conducted with online and mentor components, so that students’ volunteer experiences
can be used as learning experiences in problem solving, decision-making and effective communication.




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                            High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011




                                                           Category III: Alternative Offerings




Las Cruces Public Schools                                                      89
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011




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                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011

Alternate Course Offerings

          NOTE: to participate in these programs, please see your guidance counselor.

Dual Credit Education Program - Dual Credit Education is a program that allows high school students to
simultaneously earn college or vocational credit toward a postsecondary diploma, certificate, or degree
at NMSU or DABCC. This course is open to juniors and seniors who have a GPA of at least a 2.0.
Students must pass the COMPASS assessment or have a score of at least a 15 on the ACT exam.
Students must have a declared career pathway or program of study and have exhausted all classes in
their career path at their high school. This program is available in all high schools; see your counselor
for more information.

Mesilla Valley Vocational Training Program (MVTC) - In the Mesilla Valley Vocational Training Program
(MVTC) students will refine general employability skills, work ethics, explore and participate in various
career fields, and gain elective and core credit (communication skills credit). Students will have the
opportunity to choose classes in the following areas: Retail Marketing, Building Trades, Horticulture,
Industrial Tech, Food Services, Life Management, Landscaping, and Child/Healthcare. To be successful,
one must display good attendance, good behavior, and follow the dress code policy. Transportation is
available if needed. This program is available in all high schools; see your counselor for more
information.

On-Line Courses, Correspondence Courses - On-line and correspondence courses may be taken to earn
core academic and elective credit toward graduation. Students work individually via the internet or
from print based materials through selected courses. LCPS requires that all on-line and correspondence
course work, eligible for high school graduation credit, is from an accredited institution. All courses
must be pre-approved by your principal or administrative designee. There is a cost for these courses.
Check with your school; you may have to pay for this on your own. LCPS recommends courses from the
New Mexico Learning Network at www.nmln.net/site/ideal.php

The P.O.W.E.R. Program (LCHS only) – The Power Program addresses the needs of students at risk of
dropping out of high school. This alternative program enables students to retrieve credits and move
towards earning a high school diploma. Students earn six credits a semester as opposed to the four
they can currently earn enrolled in the traditional program. This will create the real possibility of
receiving a diploma before the student is no longer of school age. In order to qualify for participation in
the POWER Program a student must be 17 years or older with 12 or less credits. There may be
exception for older students who have more than 12 credits but have reached the age of 18 and will not
be successful in the traditional school setting. Students interested in this program should see the
Assistant Principal in charge of Alternative Programs, Mrs. Davis in the guidance office.

New Horizons (MHS and OHS only) - The New Horizons program offers students credit recovery options
through challenging and engaging individualized instruction. Students will utilize computer-based and
print-based materials allowing the instructor to customize coursework. Students have the opportunity
to earn credits toward graduation in math, English, science, social studies and a variety of elective
offerings and may enroll in New Horizons for up to two courses per semester.

OASIS (OHS only) - Oasis is an alternative, independent studies program designed for the OHS students
who needs full-time alternative placement with flexible scheduling. Courses are comprised of
computer-aided and print-based instruction. Students have the opportunity to earn up to 6 credits per
semester.


Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                91
High School Course Catalog 2010-2011

MVTC Course Descriptions
MVTC is a secondary program which offers Career & Technical Education (CTE) programs. Students in
grades 8th – 12th are enrolled with their home and MVTC through an application process. Students
participate in a selected half-day CTE program. Transportation to this location is provided by the district
from each academic high school by application.

Woodworking - Students have numerous opportunities to learn how to judge the quality of wood
products and develop solutions to problems that occur when working in the industry. The development
of manipulative skills and the introduction to related technological knowledge on specific trade
information is integrated throughout this program. The course is designed to provide learning
experiences in wood production while developing and refining teamwork and leadership skills.

Horticulture - This program is designed to provide students with a broad range of experiences and skills
in the areas of greenhouse and nursery production, basic floral design, plant propagation and pest
management. Students have access to the school’s greenhouse in addition to outdoor lab facilities.
Students practice content-related curriculum, participate in industry-related field trips and learn from
guest speakers who specialize in the horticulture industry.

Landscaping - This program focuses on landscape installation and maintenance including designing and
building patios, walkways and retaining walls and installing drip and sprinkler systems. Landscape
maintenance will include the upkeep of existing yards, ordering needed materials, determining when to
hire out work, and providing excellent customer service. Students also have the opportunity to receive
NCCER certification in the area of hand tools.

Metalworking - Instruction provides for the development of manipulative skills, safety practices, the
introduction of related technical knowledge, and discussion on specific trade information. During this
course of study, students receive fundamental instruction with emphasis placed on tool usage along
with reinforcement of basic math concepts. Students also have the opportunity to receive NCCER
certification in the area of safety.

Food Services - Students within this program identify and develop techniques utilizing a hands-on
environment within a food service environment. They plan, prepare, and serve foods in a variety of
settings. Interactions with the community include visiting local restaurants and providing catering
services for businesses, schools and individuals. Students also have the opportunity to receive
certification in the area of Food Safety & Sanitation.

Agri-Marketing/Leadership - Students enrolled gain viable employment skills and personal work ethics
while learning the basic principles of marketing, local and regional economics, entrepreneurship, and
human resource management. In addition, students research, discuss and refine personal leadership
qualities necessary to be successful on the job. Students are involved in the development and
management of the school’s retail store.

Life Management - As students start planning for the world of work, this program helps to ease the way
for students as they reach new life milestones. This class offers a variety of school-to-work transition
issues in a student-centered environment and examines real-life challenges in detail. Students will focus
on skills needed to transition into an independent living environment.




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                                                                   High School Course Catalog: 2010-2011


Computer Applications - While enrolled in this program, students have numerous opportunities to
research and gather information using various software programs, computer-based reference materials
and the Internet. In addition, students maintain the school’s website and produce an annual electronic
student yearbook.

Transition Skills/Public Service Careers - Students will identify and discuss family relationships, child
rearing and have the possibility of obtaining American Red Cross Babysitting Certification. In addition,
students are exposed to the basic skills needed in the career fields of law enforcement, security, fire and
emergency services and have the opportunity to become certified in First Aid and CPR.

Building Trades - Students will learn basic skills involved in residential and commercial construction.
First-year instruction will occur primarily on campus. Second-year students will participate in hands-on
experiences at community-based work sites throughout Las Cruces. Students may enroll in this program
for up to two years.

San Andres Learning Center Offerings
San Andres Learning Center seeks to provide a supportive, challenging, and alternate learning
environment. Students are encouraged to be in charge of their education, giving them the opportunity
to develop creativity, independence, responsibility, time management and critical thinking skills.
Mastery of all academic courses is emphasized, allowing students to view themselves as capable of
achieving their educational goals. San Andres offers flexible scheduling including day school, night
school, Saturday courses and summer school. San Andres provides quality curriculum and instruction
with comprehensive offerings in all core academics and elective courses. Transportation and day-care
facilities are available by application.

Individualized Learning - Each student has the opportunity to develop their academic plan and goals.
This plan, the Next Step Plan, is developed collaboratively with the student, parent, counselor, and/or
faculty advisor, will assist students in aligning their academic choices with their post-secondary and
career plans.

Credit Recovery Options - Challenging and engaging, NovaNET is a comprehensive, computer supported
courseware system that offers students the opportunity to earn credits toward graduation in
mathematics, English, science and social studies curricula in addition to a variety of elective offerings.

Dual Credit Opportunities - Students qualified to enroll in dual credit have the opportunity to receive
credit at DACC/NMSU and credits toward high school graduation simultaneously. See your counselor for
eligibility requirements.

On-line Courses - Many sources are available for on-line courses. LCPS requires that all courses eligible
for high school graduation credit are from an accredited institution. On-line courses must be pre-
approved by your principal, or designee. In addition, there is a cost for these courses. Check with your
school; but you may have to pay for this on your own.

Check out the New Mexico Cyber Academy - http://www.nmln.net/site/ideal.php

Work-Based Learning - Have a career in mind? Through work-based learning you will have the
opportunity to gain valuable work experience in your chosen career field. Following an informative
orientation program, you will be placed on a job site in the industry of your choice. This program is
open to juniors and seniors who can provide their own transportation. These positions are unpaid.
Students may earn two elective credits for this course in one semester.

Las Cruces Public Schools                                                                                 93

								
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