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Harrison County Schools Curriculum Guide for Science Course Name: ___________ Grade Level Targeted: 8th Grade Unit (s): ___________ Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments Physical Science Essential Concepts Why are characteristics SC-08-1.1.1 Elements Word Wall/ Word Wall Bingo properties of matter Students will: Classify interpret useful? models/representatio physical (e.g., Boiling Point of water v. unknown liquids – ns of elements; density, boiling demonstrate characteristic properties. How can matter be classify elements point, solubility) classified? based upon patterns and chemical (e.g., Create a periodic table using foldable. in their physical flammability, (e.g., density, boiling reactivity) How is density properties. Flame Test – demonstrate characteristic properties. point, solubility) and calculated? chemical (e.g., flammability, Atom Baking soda and vinegar lab – chemical changes and What can a model of an reactivity) properties. Protons endothermic reactions. atom tell you about that Physical properties Models enhance chemical properties element? (e.g., flammability, Make an atom model (p. 50L) to demonstrate the understanding that an element is composed of a reactivity) structure of an atom. How does energy effect single type of atom. the state of matter of a Organization/interpretatio material? n of data illustrates that when elements are listed according to the number What are Charles’ and of protons, repeating Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments Boyle’s Law? patterns of physical (e.g., density, boiling point, solubility) and chemical How is a chemical properties (e.g., change different from a flammability, reactivity), physical change? can be used to identify families of elements with What information is similar properties. DOK 2 present in the periodic table of elements? SC-08-1.1.2 Students will Matter understand that matter is Particles made of minute particles called atoms, and atoms Atoms are composed of even Mass smaller components. The Nucleus components of an atom electrons have measurable properties such as mass and electrical charge. Each atom has a positively charged nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons. The electric force between the nucleus and the electrons holds the atom together. SC-08-1.1.3 Students will Protons understand that the atom’s Neutrons nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons that Electrons Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments are much more massive isotopes than electrons. When an element has atoms that differ in the number of neutrons, these atoms are called different isotopes of the element. Physical Science ** Material mastered in SC-08-1.2.1 Balanced force the 7th grade. Students will describe Unbalanced force and explain the effects of balanced and unbalanced Motion forces on motion as Newton’s Laws of found in real-life Motion phenomena. Objects change their motion only when a net force is applied. Newton’s Laws of Motion are used to describe the effects of forces on the motion of objects. DOK 3 Earth/Space Science What is SC-08-2.3.1 Geological time Geologic Time Activity – Activity determining the uniformitarianism? Students will describe Radioactive dating geologic date of different samples of fossils using various techniques for estimating geological Fossils math and graphing. How can the principle of time (radioactive dating, Rock sequences geological time (radioactive dating, observing rock superposition be used to observing rock sequences, comparing fossils) Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments date rocks? sequences, comparing Demonstration of element decay using hands-on fossils). activity – halving various samples e.g. pennies, play How do geologists read Techniques used to doh, apples, etc. environmental change in estimate geological time rocks? include using radioactive dating, observing rock How do elements sequences and comparing fossils to decay? correlate the rock sequences at various What are the various locations. Deductions methods of dating can be made based on rocks? available data and observation of models as to the age of What information can rocks/fossils. fossils give you? DOK 2 What causes SC-08-2.3.2 Students will Mapping activities - locating the ring of fire and earthquakes? understand that other faults on a world map earthquakes and volcanic eruptions can be observed Where are Earth’s on a human time scale, but volcanic regions and many processes, such as why are they located mountain building and plate there? movements, take place over hundreds of millions of years. What is continental SC-08-2.3.3 Mantle The Corruption Lab Demo – movement of liquid of drift? Students will: Crustal movements magma, crustal movement explain the transfer Hotspots mantle (crustal movement, hotspots, geysers) of Earth’s internal Geysers What is the theory of heat in the mantle convection Geyser activity – demo geyser (pg. F99 components (convection currents) Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments plate tectonics? (crustal movement, hotspots, geysers); describe the Why do faults form and interacting why do they occur? components (convection What is the rock cycle? currents) within the Earth’s system. The outward transfer of Earth’s internal heat drives convection circulation in the mantle. This causes the crustal plates to move on the face of the Earth. DOK 2 What are the theories SC-08-2.3.4 Students will concerning the understand that the Sun, Earth, and the rest of the formation of the solar system formed universe? approximately 4.6 billion years ago. Biological Science **Material mastered in SC-08-3.4.1 Structure the 6th grade. Students will explain the Function relationship between structure and function of Cell components the cell components Cell structure using a variety of Cell function representations. Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments Observations of cells and analysis of cell representations point out that cells have particular structures that underlie their function. Every cell is surrounded by a membrane that separates it from the outside world. Inside the cell is a concentrated mixture of thousands of different molecules that form a variety of specialized structures. These structures carry out specific cell functions. DOK 3 ** Material introduced SC-08-3.4.2 Students will Multicellular in Sexual and Asexual understand that in the organisms development of reproduction unit in 7th multicellular organisms, Mitosis grade cells multiply (mitosis) and genes differentiate to form many specialized cells, tissues, and organs. This differentiation is regulated through the expression of different genes. ** Materials mastered in SC-08-3.4.3 stimuli the 6th grade Students will form or justify conclusions as to whether a response is innate or learned Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments using data/evidence on behavioral responses to internal and external stimuli. Behavioral responses to internal changes and external stimuli can be innate or learned. Responses to external stimuli can result from interactions with the organism’s own species or other species, as well as environmental changes. DOK 3 ** Materials mastered in SC-08-3.4.4 Patterns the 6th grade Students will describe Biological and explain patterns found within groups of classifications organisms in order to make biological classifications of those organisms. Observations and patterns found within groups of organisms allow for biological classifications based on how organisms are related. DOK 2 Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments ** Materials mastered in SC-08-3.4.5 Students will the 6th grade understand that multicellular animals have nervous systems that generate behavior. Nerve cells communicate with each other by secreting specific molecules. Biological Science **Materials mastered in SC-08-3.5.1 the 6th grade Students will draw conclusions and make inferences about the consequences of change over time that can account for the similarities among diverse species. The consequences of change over time provide a scientific explanation for the fossil record of ancient life forms and for the striking molecular similarities observed among the diverse species of living organisms. DOK 3 Unifying Ideas How is the atmosphere SC-08-4.6.1 Weather Mobile – Culminating activity on weather important to living Students will: Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments things? explain the cause and Layer of the atmosphere Game – 33I effect relationships between global climate What are some Psychrometer Lab – Measuring relative humidity and energy transfer; properties of air? use evidence to make inferences or Cloud in a Bottle Demo – Illustrates cloud formation What are the layers of predictions about the atmosphere? global climate issues. Newspaper weather maps – uses maps and current information to predict weather Global climate is determined How does the sun by energy transfer from the supply the Earth with Sun at and near Earth’s energy? surface. DOK 3 How is measurement applied to weather? What causes wind? How are global climate SC-08-4.6.2 Cool Climate Graph – Uses maps to demonstrate and energy transfer Students will: climate across the same latitude describe or explain related? energy transfer and energy conservation; What is radioactive evaluate alternative decay and what can be solutions to energy learned about matter by problems. examining this process? Energy can be transferred in many ways, but it can neither be created nor destroyed. DOK 3 Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments *Material mastered in SC-08-4.6.3 Students will the 7th grade. understand that all energy can be considered to be kinetic energy, potential energy, or energy contained by a field (e.g., electric, magnetic, gravitational). *Material mastered in SC-08-4.6.4 the 7th grade. Students will: analyze information/data about waves and energy transfer; describe the transfer of energy via waves in real life phenomena. Waves, including sound and seismic waves, waves on water and electromagnetic waves, can transfer energy when they interact with matter. DOK 3 What energy rolls do SC-08-4.6.5 Organisms Food Web Activity – students participate in making a organisms play in an Students will: Ecosystems food web showing the flow of energy within the web. describe the ecosystem? relationships between Food chain …ecosystems (food chains and energy pyramids); How much energy is organisms and energy Energy pyramids available at each energy flow in ecosystems Photosynthetic level of the energy (food chains and Herbivores pyramid? energy pyramids); Carnivores Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments explain the effects of decomposers change to any component of the ecosystem. Energy flows through ecosystems in one direction from photosynthetic organisms to herbivores to carnivores and decomposers. DOK 2 Unifying Ideas What needs are met by SC-08-4.7.1 Design a food web – An art project geared toward an organism’s Students will describe the demonstrating food chain and webs interrelationships and surroundings? interdependencies within an ecosystem and predict the Cycles of matter game – use game pieces to travel What causes populations effects of change on one or the carbon / oxygen cycle and the nitrogen cycle to change in size? more components within an ecosystem. Biome flip book – covers all biomes and How do an organism’s Organisms both cooperate mountains/ice w/ pictures and vocabulary adaptations help it to and compete in ecosystems. survive? Often changes in one Ecosystem in a bottle – How organisms interact in an component of an ecosystem ecosystem What determines the will have effects on the entire system that are type of biome in an difficult to predict. The Counting Turtles – Mark and recapture method of area? interrelationships and population monitoring interdependencies of these What are the main types organisms may generate Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments of environmental issues? ecosystems that are stable for hundreds or thousands of years. DOK 3 What are the SC-08-4.7.2 components of the Earth system (e.g., solid Earth, interactions and Students will: oceans, atmosphere, living organisms) explain the interactions components of the solid of the components of earth, oceans and the Earth system (e.g., atmosphere that lead to solid Earth, oceans, the development of the atmosphere, living earth system? organisms); propose solutions to detrimental interactions. Interactions among the solid Earth, the oceans, the atmosphere and living things have resulted in the ongoing development of a changing Earth system. DOK 3 What can be learned about No Core Content @ Star Wheel and Constellation Model– To lean aobut our universe by studying MS constellations and depth in space the light spectrum of SC HS 2.3.4 stellar objects? Balloon and confetti lab – Illustrates expanding Big Bang Theory. What equipment or technology helps in the Essential Questions Kentucky Key Vocabulary Activities toward Core Content and Course Objectives Version 4.1 Assessments study of our universe? Spectrum Lab – demonstrates light being broken into colors. What are the theories concerning the formation of the universe? How is the existence of a star like the life cycle of an organism? What is the law of universal gravitation? What are examples and uses of electromagnetic energy? How are global climate and energy transfer related? What is radioactive decay and what can be learned about matter by examining this process?
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