HCMS Curriculum Mapping by T8QqX451

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									                                                    Harrison County Schools
                                              Curriculum Guide for Science
                      Course Name: ___________ Grade Level Targeted: 8th Grade Unit (s): ___________


  Essential Questions            Kentucky                 Key Vocabulary                             Activities
        toward                  Core Content                                                            and
  Course Objectives              Version 4.1                                                        Assessments
                           Physical Science              Essential Concepts

Why are characteristics    SC-08-1.1.1                   Elements               Word Wall/ Word Wall Bingo
properties of matter       Students will:                Classify
                              interpret
useful?                        models/representatio      physical (e.g.,
                                                                                Boiling Point of water v. unknown liquids –
                               ns of elements;           density, boiling       demonstrate characteristic properties.
How can matter be             classify elements         point, solubility)
classified?                    based upon patterns       and chemical (e.g.,    Create a periodic table using foldable.
                               in their physical         flammability,
                               (e.g., density, boiling   reactivity)
How is density                                           properties.
                                                                                Flame Test – demonstrate characteristic properties.
                               point, solubility) and
calculated?                    chemical (e.g.,
                               flammability,             Atom                   Baking soda and vinegar lab – chemical changes and
What can a model of an         reactivity) properties.   Protons                endothermic reactions.
atom tell you about that                                 Physical properties
                           Models enhance                chemical properties
element?                                                 (e.g., flammability,
                                                                                Make an atom model (p. 50L) to demonstrate the
                           understanding that an
                           element is composed of a      reactivity)            structure of an atom.
How does energy effect     single type of atom.
the state of matter of a   Organization/interpretatio
material?                  n of data illustrates that
                           when elements are listed
                           according to the number
What are Charles’ and      of protons, repeating
 Essential Questions             Kentucky                Key Vocabulary    Activities
        toward                  Core Content                                  and
  Course Objectives              Version 4.1                              Assessments
Boyle’s Law?              patterns of physical (e.g.,
                          density, boiling point,
                          solubility) and chemical
How is a chemical         properties (e.g.,
change different from a   flammability, reactivity),
physical change?          can be used to identify
                          families of elements with
What information is       similar properties.
                          DOK 2
present in the periodic
table of elements?

                          SC-08-1.1.2 Students will     Matter
                          understand that matter is     Particles
                          made of minute particles
                          called atoms, and atoms
                                                        Atoms
                          are composed of even          Mass
                          smaller components. The       Nucleus
                          components of an atom         electrons
                          have measurable
                          properties such as mass
                          and electrical charge. Each
                          atom has a positively
                          charged nucleus
                          surrounded by negatively
                          charged electrons. The
                          electric force between the
                          nucleus and the electrons
                          holds the atom together.
                          SC-08-1.1.3 Students will     Protons
                          understand that the atom’s    Neutrons
                          nucleus is composed of
                          protons and neutrons that
                                                        Electrons
  Essential Questions             Kentucky                 Key Vocabulary                           Activities
        toward                   Core Content                                                          and
  Course Objectives               Version 4.1                                                      Assessments
                           are much more massive          isotopes
                           than electrons. When an
                           element has atoms that
                           differ in the number of
                           neutrons, these atoms are
                           called different isotopes of
                           the element.
                           Physical Science

** Material mastered in    SC-08-1.2.1                    Balanced force
the 7th grade.             Students will describe         Unbalanced force
                           and explain the effects of
                           balanced and unbalanced
                                                          Motion
                           forces on motion as            Newton’s Laws of
                           found in real-life             Motion
                           phenomena.

                           Objects change their
                           motion only when a net
                           force is applied. Newton’s
                           Laws of Motion are used
                           to describe the effects of
                           forces on the motion of
                           objects.
                           DOK 3
                           Earth/Space Science

What is                    SC-08-2.3.1                    Geological time      Geologic Time Activity – Activity determining the
uniformitarianism?         Students will describe         Radioactive dating   geologic date of different samples of fossils using
                           various techniques for
                           estimating geological
                                                          Fossils              math and graphing.
How can the principle of   time (radioactive dating,      Rock sequences       geological time (radioactive dating, observing rock
superposition be used to   observing rock                                      sequences, comparing fossils)
  Essential Questions            Kentucky                 Key Vocabulary                            Activities
         toward                 Core Content                                                          and
   Course Objectives             Version 4.1                                                      Assessments
date rocks?               sequences, comparing                               Demonstration of element decay using hands-on
                          fossils).                                          activity – halving various samples e.g. pennies, play
How do geologists read    Techniques used to
                                                                             doh, apples, etc.
environmental change in   estimate geological time
rocks?                    include using radioactive
                          dating, observing rock
How do elements           sequences and
                          comparing fossils to
decay?                    correlate the rock
                          sequences at various
What are the various      locations. Deductions
methods of dating         can be made based on
rocks?                    available data and
                          observation of models as
                          to the age of
What information can      rocks/fossils.
fossils give you?         DOK 2
What causes               SC-08-2.3.2 Students will                          Mapping activities - locating the ring of fire and
earthquakes?              understand that                                    other faults on a world map
                          earthquakes and volcanic
                          eruptions can be observed
Where are Earth’s         on a human time scale, but
volcanic regions and      many processes, such as
why are they located      mountain building and plate
there?                    movements, take place
                          over hundreds of millions of
                          years.
What is continental       SC-08-2.3.3                    Mantle              The Corruption Lab Demo – movement of liquid of
drift?                    Students will:                 Crustal movements   magma, crustal movement
                             explain the transfer       Hotspots            mantle (crustal movement, hotspots, geysers)
                               of Earth’s internal       Geysers
What is the theory of          heat in the mantle        convection
                                                                             Geyser activity – demo geyser (pg. F99
                                                                             components (convection currents)
  Essential Questions           Kentucky                Key Vocabulary    Activities
         toward                Core Content                                  and
   Course Objectives            Version 4.1                              Assessments
plate tectonics?              (crustal movement,
                              hotspots, geysers);
                             describe the
Why do faults form and        interacting
why do they occur?            components
                              (convection
What is the rock cycle?       currents) within the
                              Earth’s system.

                          The outward transfer of
                          Earth’s internal heat
                          drives convection
                          circulation in the mantle.
                          This causes the crustal
                          plates to move on the
                          face of the Earth.
                          DOK 2
What are the theories     SC-08-2.3.4 Students will
concerning the            understand that the Sun,
                          Earth, and the rest of the
formation of the          solar system formed
universe?                 approximately 4.6 billion
                          years ago.
                          Biological Science

**Material mastered in    SC-08-3.4.1                  Structure
the 6th grade.            Students will explain the    Function
                          relationship between
                          structure and function of
                                                       Cell components
                          the cell components          Cell structure
                          using a variety of           Cell function
                          representations.
  Essential Questions             Kentucky                  Key Vocabulary    Activities
        toward                   Core Content                                    and
  Course Objectives               Version 4.1                                Assessments
                           Observations of cells and
                           analysis of cell
                           representations point out
                           that cells have particular
                           structures that underlie
                           their function. Every cell
                           is surrounded by a
                           membrane that separates
                           it from the outside world.
                           Inside the cell is a
                           concentrated mixture of
                           thousands of different
                           molecules that form a
                           variety of specialized
                           structures. These
                           structures carry out
                           specific cell functions.
                           DOK 3
** Material introduced     SC-08-3.4.2 Students will       Multicellular
in Sexual and Asexual      understand that in the          organisms
                           development of
reproduction unit in 7th   multicellular organisms,
                                                           Mitosis
grade                      cells multiply (mitosis) and    genes
                           differentiate to form many
                           specialized cells, tissues,
                           and organs. This
                           differentiation is regulated
                           through the expression of
                           different genes.
** Materials mastered in   SC-08-3.4.3                     stimuli
the 6th grade              Students will form or justify
                           conclusions as to whether a
                           response is innate or learned
  Essential Questions             Kentucky                   Key Vocabulary    Activities
        toward                   Core Content                                     and
  Course Objectives               Version 4.1                                 Assessments
                           using data/evidence on
                           behavioral responses to
                           internal and external
                           stimuli.

                           Behavioral responses to
                           internal changes and
                           external stimuli can be
                           innate or learned. Responses
                           to external stimuli can result
                           from interactions with the
                           organism’s own species or
                           other species, as well as
                           environmental changes.
                           DOK 3
** Materials mastered in   SC-08-3.4.4                      Patterns
the 6th grade              Students will describe           Biological
                           and explain patterns
                           found within groups of
                                                            classifications
                           organisms in order to
                           make biological
                           classifications of those
                           organisms.

                           Observations and
                           patterns found within
                           groups of organisms
                           allow for biological
                           classifications based on
                           how organisms are
                           related.
                           DOK 2
  Essential Questions             Kentucky                  Key Vocabulary                       Activities
          toward                 Core Content                                                       and
   Course Objectives              Version 4.1                                                   Assessments
** Materials mastered in   SC-08-3.4.5 Students will
the 6th grade              understand that
                           multicellular animals have
                           nervous systems that
                           generate behavior. Nerve
                           cells communicate with
                           each other by secreting
                           specific molecules.
                           Biological Science

**Materials mastered in    SC-08-3.5.1
the 6th grade              Students will draw
                           conclusions and make
                           inferences about the
                           consequences of change over
                           time that can account for the
                           similarities among diverse
                           species.

                           The consequences of change
                           over time provide a scientific
                           explanation for the fossil
                           record of ancient life forms
                           and for the striking
                           molecular similarities
                           observed among the diverse
                           species of living organisms.
                           DOK 3
                           Unifying Ideas

How is the atmosphere      SC-08-4.6.1                                       Weather Mobile – Culminating activity on weather
important to living        Students will:
  Essential Questions            Kentucky                Key Vocabulary                        Activities
        toward                  Core Content                                                      and
   Course Objectives             Version 4.1                                                 Assessments
things?                      explain the cause and                       Layer of the atmosphere Game – 33I
                              effect relationships
                              between global climate
What are some                                                             Psychrometer Lab – Measuring relative humidity
                              and energy transfer;
properties of air?           use evidence to make
                              inferences or                               Cloud in a Bottle Demo – Illustrates cloud formation
What are the layers of        predictions about
the atmosphere?               global climate issues.                      Newspaper weather maps – uses maps and current
                                                                          information to predict weather
                          Global climate is determined
How does the sun          by energy transfer from the
supply the Earth with     Sun at and near Earth’s
energy?                   surface.
                          DOK 3
How is measurement
applied to weather?

What causes wind?
How are global climate    SC-08-4.6.2                                     Cool Climate Graph – Uses maps to demonstrate
and energy transfer       Students will:                                  climate across the same latitude
                             describe or explain
related?
                              energy transfer and
                              energy conservation;
What is radioactive          evaluate alternative
decay and what can be         solutions to energy
learned about matter by       problems.
examining this process?
                          Energy can be transferred in
                          many ways, but it can
                          neither be created nor
                          destroyed.
                             DOK 3
  Essential Questions             Kentucky                Key Vocabulary                       Activities
          toward                 Core Content                                                     and
   Course Objectives              Version 4.1                                                 Assessments
*Material mastered in      SC-08-4.6.3 Students will
the 7th grade.             understand that all energy
                           can be considered to be
                           kinetic energy, potential
                           energy, or energy
                           contained by a field (e.g.,
                           electric, magnetic,
                           gravitational).
*Material mastered in      SC-08-4.6.4
the 7th grade.             Students will:
                               analyze
                                information/data
                                about waves and
                                energy transfer;
                               describe the transfer
                                of energy via waves
                                in real life
                                phenomena.
                           Waves, including sound
                           and seismic waves, waves
                           on water and
                           electromagnetic waves,
                           can transfer energy when
                           they interact with matter.
                           DOK 3
What energy rolls do       SC-08-4.6.5                   Organisms         Food Web Activity – students participate in making a
organisms play in an       Students will:                Ecosystems        food web showing the flow of energy within the web.
                               describe the
ecosystem?
                                relationships between
                                                         Food chain        …ecosystems (food chains and energy pyramids);
How much energy is              organisms and energy     Energy pyramids
available at each energy        flow in ecosystems       Photosynthetic
level of the energy             (food chains and         Herbivores
pyramid?                        energy pyramids);        Carnivores
  Essential Questions            Kentucky                Key Vocabulary                       Activities
        toward                  Core Content                                                     and
  Course Objectives              Version 4.1                                                 Assessments
                             explain the effects of    decomposers
                              change to any
                              component of the
                              ecosystem.

                          Energy flows through
                          ecosystems in one direction
                          from photosynthetic
                          organisms to herbivores to
                          carnivores and
                          decomposers.
                          DOK 2
                          Unifying Ideas

What needs are met by     SC-08-4.7.1                                     Design a food web – An art project geared toward
an organism’s             Students will describe the                      demonstrating food chain and webs
                          interrelationships and
surroundings?             interdependencies within an
                          ecosystem and predict the                       Cycles of matter game – use game pieces to travel
What causes populations   effects of change on one or                     the carbon / oxygen cycle and the nitrogen cycle
to change in size?        more components within an
                          ecosystem.                                      Biome flip book – covers all biomes and
How do an organism’s      Organisms both cooperate
                                                                          mountains/ice w/ pictures and vocabulary
adaptations help it to    and compete in ecosystems.
survive?                  Often changes in one                            Ecosystem in a bottle – How organisms interact in an
                          component of an ecosystem                       ecosystem
What determines the       will have effects on the
                          entire system that are
type of biome in an       difficult to predict. The
                                                                          Counting Turtles – Mark and recapture method of
area?                     interrelationships and                          population monitoring
                          interdependencies of these
What are the main types   organisms may generate
  Essential Questions              Kentucky                 Key Vocabulary                        Activities
         toward                   Core Content                                                       and
   Course Objectives               Version 4.1                                                   Assessments
of environmental issues?    ecosystems that are stable
                            for hundreds or thousands
                            of years.
                            DOK 3
What are the                SC-08-4.7.2                                      components of the Earth system (e.g., solid Earth,
interactions and            Students will:                                   oceans, atmosphere, living organisms)
                                explain the interactions
components of the solid          of the components of
earth, oceans and                the Earth system (e.g.,
atmosphere that lead to          solid Earth, oceans,
the development of the           atmosphere, living
earth system?                    organisms);
                                propose solutions to
                                 detrimental
                                 interactions.

                            Interactions among the solid
                            Earth, the oceans, the
                            atmosphere and living
                            things have resulted in the
                            ongoing development of a
                            changing Earth system.
                            DOK 3


What can be learned about   No Core Content @                                Star Wheel and Constellation Model– To lean aobut
our universe by studying    MS                                               constellations and depth in space
the light spectrum of       SC HS 2.3.4
stellar objects?                                                             Balloon and confetti lab – Illustrates expanding Big
                                                                             Bang Theory.
What equipment or
technology helps in the
  Essential Questions             Kentucky      Key Vocabulary                      Activities
        toward                   Core Content                                          and
  Course Objectives               Version 4.1                                      Assessments
study of our universe?                                           Spectrum Lab – demonstrates light being broken into
                                                                 colors.
What are the theories
concerning the formation
of the universe?

How is the existence of a
star like the life cycle of an
organism?

What is the law of
universal gravitation?

What are examples and
uses of electromagnetic
energy?

How are global climate
and energy transfer
related?

What is radioactive decay
and what can be learned
about matter by examining
this process?

								
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