The Americans Chapter 05 Review

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					                       The Americans – Chapter Five Review worksheet – de Varona

The Northwest Territory was affected by the Land Ordinance of 1785. This map show how land was divided.
An enlarged area of Ohio is divided into townships on this map. A township is 6 miles on each side.
Each township is divided into 36 sections.

All five people listed in the chart played a key role in developing the Constitution. James Madison was a
representative from Virginia. Gouverneur Morris drafted the Constitution. Three people in the chart shared
lawyer as their occupation. Alexander Hamilton argued for a national government with unlimited powers
over the states.
                     The Americans – Chapter Five Review worksheet – de Varona
   Adding a bill of rights to the Constitution was largely supported by the Antifederalists.
   Antifederalists insisted on including a bill of rights in the Constitution because they feared that
    without a bill of rights, the Constitution would not protect the rights of the people or of the states,
    making the federal government too powerful. Federalists placed their trust in a wealthy, powerful
    elite to govern fairly, while Antifederalists believed that a bill of rights was the only way to guarantee
    fair treatment of a wider range of people.
   From the time of the Declaration of Independence until the ratification of the Constitution, the United
    States functioned without a president.
   John Jay, Patrick Henry, and Alexander Hamilton wrote letters contained in The Federalist.
   One of the accomplishments of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was to establish requirements for
    admitting new states to the Union.
   Shays's Rebellion was a protest by farmers who faced problems from debts they owed to creditors.
   The Articles of Confederation gave the national government the power to declare war.
   The Articles of Confederation proved inadequate for governing the new nation because the country
    lacked unity. Each state acted in its own best interests. Congress lacked the power to collect taxes and
    control foreign and interstate trade, and without a president or executive branch there was no way to
    enforce the laws passed by Congress. These conditions made for a weak national government that
    could not solve serious problems affecting the nation as a whole. Economic problems included the
    huge debt from the Revolutionary War, farmer unrest because of personal debt, and disagreements
    about the money supply as Continental currency became worthless. The Confederation's weaknesses
    made it unable to deal effectively with other nations. For example, Britain refused to evacuate its
    forts on the Great Lakes because the Confederation could not pay its debts, and Spain was able to
    close off the Mississippi because Americans in different regions disagreed over how to deal with
   The Great Compromise was an agreement about how to determine a state's representation in
   The number of states needed to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect was nine.
   The system that maintains the separation of powers among the branches of the federal government is
    called checks and balances.
   Under the Articles of Confederation, each state's power in Congress was based on one vote per state.

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