Suffrage Olympia

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					                           THE ORIGINS OF WOMEN’S
                              RIGHTS MOVEMENT
..................



                     In July 1848, a group of women called a meeting in Seneca Falls, New York,
                     and create the Declaration of Sentiments, modeled after the Declaration of
                     Independence, declaring that "all men and women are created equal" and
                     calling for women's right to vote -- the opening clarion of the 19th century
                     suffrage movement.

                     Just six years after the Seneca Falls Convention, in 1854, Seattle pioneer and
                     legislator Arthur A. Denny proposed a bill in the first Washington Territorial
                     Legislature meeting in Olympia "to allow all white females over the age of
                     18 years to vote." Although it failed, Denny's bill was the first of many
                     attempts to enable women to vote in Washington.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON

                                    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
                                    was a primary organizer
                                    of the first Women's
                                    Rights Convention and
                                    an author of the
                                    Declaration of
                                    Sentiments in 1848.

Image credit: Library of Congress
          ARTHUR A. DENNY

Arthur Denny of Seattle
was the first Territorial
lawmaker to introduce
legislation that would
have enabled some
Washington women to
vote.




                            Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
  TERRITORIAL
  LEGISLATIVE
   JOURNAL
Territorial Legislative Journal,
April 14, 1854. Denny's
amendment for partial women's
suffrage lost by one vote in the
House of Representatives.




                                   Image credit: Washington State Archives
          PARKER & COLTER BUILDING


                                                    Parker & Colter Building,
                                                    later the Gold Bar
                                                    Restaurant located on
                                                    what is now State
                                                    Avenue and Capitol Way
                                                    was the site of the first
                                                    legislative session.

Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
                                    THURSTON COUNTY
                                    WOMAN VOTE 1870
......................



                     In June, 1870 two suffragist sisters Charlotte Emily Olney French from Gran
                     Mound, in southern Thurston County and Mary Olney Brown, from Olympia
                     decided to vote based upon citizenship right conferred by the legislature and
                     the U. W. Constitution. With other women in the area, the sisters went to the
                     polls and 15 women – including French and Delilah Sarjent and Mercy Peck –
                     successfully cast their votes in Grand Mound and Littlerock.

                     While the southern Thurston County women were successful, a small
                     Olympia delegation was not. Four women in Olympia went to the
                     courthouse but one of the women, Susan Dofflemyer, was taken home by
                     her husband. When Mary Olney Brown, Jane Wylie and Jane Pattison
                     presented ballots at the courthouse, they were rejected. Although the 1870
                     vote was not permanent change in women’s suffrage in Washington, it
                     provided a significant stepping-stone in the overall history of the movement.
                      MARY OLNEY BROWN


                                                    Mary Olney Brown
                                                    gave birth to eleven
                                                    children and was a
                                                    midwife and poet
                                                    who wrote
                                                    eloquently about
                                                    women’s suffrage.

Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
CHARLOTTE EMILY OLNEY FRENCH

 Charlotte Emily Olney French
 joined her sister in the
 fight for women’s suffrage
 and was one of the few
  successful female voters
 in Thurston County in
 1870.


                                Image credit: Saeger Family
                JANE WILLEY PATTISON

                             Jane Willey Pattison
                             came to live in Olympia
                             with her family in the
                             1860s. An eastside
                             Olympia resident, she
                             lived to see women gain
                             the vote nationally before
                             her death in 1923.


Image credit: Lacey Museum
                              THURSTON COUNTY
                                COURTHOUSE




     The Thurston County Courthouse was located near the corner of Union
     and Washington and was later used as an Olympia school.
Image credit: Washington State Archives
                                        SUSAN B. ANTHONY
                                        COMES TO OLYMPIA
.......................



                          In October and November, 1871 noted eastern suffragist Susan B. Anthony
                          came to Puget Sound on a speaking tour accompanied by Oregon
                          campaigner Abigail Scott Duniway. In Olympia, Anthony spoke at Olympic
                          Hall on October 16 and before the legislature on October 19. She later
                          lectured in Tumwater and toured Puget Sound towns. By November 8,
                          Anthony was back in Olympia as part of the Washington Territorial Woman
                          Suffrage Association (WTWSA) Convention where she worked with several
                          local activists to form a permanent organization for advocating women’s
                          rights.
                          Olympia leaders in the WTWSA convention included Mehitable Elder, Amelia
                          Giddings (who chaired the convention), Olive Manning, Mary Ann Barnes,
                          Matilda Allen, Ellen Hewitt, John Miller Murphy, Ann Elizabeth Bigelow with
                          her mother Margaret White Ruddell, Mary Olney Brown, Charlotte Emily
                          Olney French, Phoebe Moore and Emma Munson.
                    SUSAN B. ANTHONY

                                                  Noted suffragist Susan B.
                                                  Anthony was a catalyst for
                                                  the cause in the 1870s and
                                                  beyond.




Image credit: Nebraska State Historical Society
                                          OLYMPIC HALL




  The Olympic Hall (at left foreground
  near bridge) was on 4th Avenue and was the
  venue for prominent speakers who came to
  Olympia. Bigelow House is at left.
Image credit: Oregon Historical Society
       MEHITABLE HASKELL
          LORD ELDER
Mehitable Haskell Lord
Elder was a “Mercer Girl”
who came to Olympia along
with her family in 1866.
She lived to see permanent
suffrage in 1910 and
registered to vote the
following year.

                             Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
                      EMMA MUNSON

                                                    Emma Munson
                                                    participated in the
                                                    WTWSA convention.




Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
MARY ANN KANDLE BARNES



Mary Ann Kandle Barnes
came to Olympia in 1851
and was a noted hostess.




                           Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
                                    THE BIGELOW FAMILY
.........................


                      Daniel Richardson Bigelow and his wife Ann Elizabeth White Bigelow hosted
                      Susan B. Anthony at their home on Wednesday, October 18, 1871. Anthony
                      called Bigelow’s wife “splendid.” As a legislator Bigelow introduced a joint
                      resolution inviting Anthony to speak before the legislature and on October 19,
                      1871 escorted Anthony and Duniway to the dais of the hall, packed with women
                      of the town.
                      Bigelow and Anthony differed in their approach to enacting women’s suffrage.
                      Bigelow believed women should cast a ballot to determine if they had the right
                      to vote; Anthony thought it should be enacted outright. The day after
                      Anthony’s visit to the legislature, a “declaratory” suffrage bill failed and
                      Bigelow’s bill was postponed indefinitely.
                      Daniel Bigelow lived to speak at the jubilee in 1883 when women briefly
                      achieved the right to vote and Ann Elizabeth Bigelow survived to see the final
                      victory in 1910 when their daughter, Margaret Bigelow participated in the
                      Olympia celebration.
             THE BIGELOWS


Daniel Bigelow and
his wife Ann Elizabeth
White Bigelow at their
marriage in 1854.




                         Image credit: Bigelow House Preservation Association
Susan B. Anthony Comes to Olympia




                                    MARGARET BIGELOW


                                                                   A teacher, Margaret
                                                                   Bigelow participated in
                                                                   the 1910 celebration at
                                                                   the Methodist Church in
                                                                   Olympia.




                              Image credit: Bigelow House Museum
BIGELOW SPEECH

        “Speech of the Hon. D.
        R. Bigelow on Female
        Suferage [sic] Delivered
        in the House of
        Representatives of the
        Washington Territory
        Legislature, October 14,
        1871”.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY’S DIARY

Susan B.
Anthony’s Diary
from October
18, 1871.
         BIGELOW HOUSE

Bigelow House
still stands at
918 Glass
Avenue NE and
is now a public
museum.


                  Image credit: Bigelow House Preservation Association
                                     VICTORY IN 1883
            “THE SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT IS IN THE AIR”
.....................



                 In the 1870s, legislators continued to propose suffrage laws without success.
                 However, their efforts came very close in 1881 and in 1883 the lawmakers
                 enacted women’s right to vote in the Washington Territory effective November
                 23, 1883. Abigail Scott Duniway doggedly monitored the progress of the 1883
                 suffrage bill, often taking Olympia women with her to the legislature., although
                 some stayed away, fearing their presence might derail the effort. Many Olympia
                 women were advocates including Julia Rawson, Janet Moore, Emma Munson,
                 Mary Saunders, Olive Manning, Margaret McFadden, Elizabeth Sabin, Eunice
                 Dobbins, and Mary Ballard.

                 With ringing of church bells and a gun salute, Olympians met at Columbia Hall
                 to celebrate the suffrage victory with remarks by D. R. Bigelow, Pamela Hale,
                 Eliza Murphy, Ella Stork, and Annie Conner Hartsuck, among others.
                              COLUMBIA HALL


                                                                                Columbia Hall,
                                                                                which was the
                                                                                Olympia City Hall,
                                                                                was located on
                                                                                East 4th Avenue.



Image credit: University of Washington Libraries Special Collections, WAS0162
ABIGAIL SCOTT DUNIWAY

Although Abigail Scott
Duniway was an
Oregon suffragist, she
played an important
role in the
Washington
movement.
CLARA POTTLE SYLVESTER

                                                    Clara Pottle Sylvester
                                                    accompanied Duniway
                                                    to the Capitol to
                                                    advocate for women’s
                                                    right to vote. Her
                                                    daughter, May
                                                    Sylvester, was also
                                                    active in the
                                                    movement.

Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
ANNIE CONNER HARTSUCK

A teacher and
equal rights
advocate, Annie
Conner Hartsuck
was one of the
Mercer girls who
came to Olympia in
1866.

                     Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
                      PAMELA CASE HALE
                                                    Pamela Case Hale was an
                                                    educator who came to Olympia
                                                    in the early 1870s to conduct a
                                                    private school. She was later a
                                                    public school principal, served
                                                    on the Territorial Board of
                                                    Education and in 1882 was
                                                    elected Thurston County School
                                                    Superintendent. A founding
                                                    member of the Woman’s Club
                                                    of Olympia, she was also a
Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
                                                    Unitarian Minister.
AGNES WINSOR PRATHER


 A suffrage
 supporter, Agnes
 Winsor Prather was
 a teacher before
 her marriage to
 Thomas Prather.


                      Image credit: Washington State Historical Society
                     CAMPAIGNS OF 1889 AND 1898
.................



                    At the Constitutional Convention held in Olympia in the summer of 1889,
                    women campaigned to have their right to vote in the constitution for the
                    new state of Washington. Nation leaders including Pennsylvania suffragist
                    Matilda Hindman came to the city to pressure the convention. Hindman
                    spoke at Tacoma Hall in August 1889 where Olympian Mary Porter
                    presided. Instead women’s suffrage was a separate ballot issue which
                    failed to pass, and Washington entered the union as a non-women’s
                    suffrage state. In 1897 a coalition of reform-minded legislators authorized
                    a vote to amend the state constitution for women’s right to vote but male
                    voters failed to approve to amendment the next year.
 SUFFRAGE PETITION TO THE
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION


              Petition to include
              women’s suffrage in
              the constitution.
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

              The Constitutional
              Convention was
              held from July 4 to
              August 22, 1889 in
              Olympia.
          EMMA PAGE


Olympia WCTU
activist Emma
Page, campaigned
on behalf of
women’s right to
vote in 1897-98.

				
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