The Jane Goodall Institute by 59R083


									Fact Sheet
         The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
        A global community of concerned individuals striving for a better world

Founded by renowned primatologist Jane                 Inspire and engage Canadians to take action
Goodall, the Jane Goodall Institute is a global         in local and global environmental and
non-profit organisation that empowers people            humanitarian initiatives.
to make a difference for all living things. We
are creating healthy ecosystems, promoting          PROGRAMS & PROJECTS:
sustainable livelihoods and nurturing new
generations of committed, active citizens              Roots & Shoots is the Institute’s global
around the world.                                       environmental and humanitarian
                                                        education program. SEE “Roots &
MISSION:                                                Shoots” FACT SHEET.
The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada supports          African Sanctuaries - Chimp Guardian.
wildlife research, education and conservation.          The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
We promote informed and compassionate                   contributes to the support of two African
action to improve the environment shared by all         sanctuaries (Democratic Republic of
Earth’s living creatures.                               Congo and Uganda) where 161 orphan
                                                        chimpanzees are provided with long-term
OBJECTIVES:                                             care and rehabilitation.
                                                        In Canada, our Chimp Guardian program
The objectives of the Jane Goodall Institute of         allows individuals to support the life-
Canada are, in no order of importance:                  saving work at our sanctuaries and to help
                                                        curb illegal poaching throughout Africa.
   Increase Canadian awareness of and                  SEE “Sanctuaries” FACT SHEET.
    compassion for the plight of endangered
    animals, with a focus on chimpanzees.              TACARE, is a community centred
                                                        conservation and reforestation project in
   Foster public understanding of the                  western Tanzania. Activities focus on
    interconnected nature of the human, animal          community-based land-use planning,
    and ecological community.                           sustainable agriculture, health promotion,
                                                        income generation, and environmental
   Increase support for habitat and species
                                                        conservation. SEE “TACARE” FACT
    conservation, particularly for wild
                                                       Primatology Research. It was at what is
   Promote activities that ensure the well-being
                                                        now Gombe National park in Tanzania
    of wild and captive chimpanzees.
                                                        that in 1960 Dr. Goodall made the
                                                        observations that completely
   Provide training in and support for                 revolutionised primatology. Today, 46
    environmental and humanitarian education            years later, the Gombe Stream Research
    and action.                                         Centre hosts a new generation of talented
   scientists and field researchers, who         INFORMATION:
   continue to enrich the field of primatology
   especially significant findings on            For more information please contact:
   chimpanzee behaviour and social
   relations. SEE “Gombe Stream                  The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
   Research Center” FACT SHEET.
                                                 Mailing address:
                                                 PO Box 309, Station P
                                                 Toronto ON M5S 2S8

                                                 Courier address:
                                                 170 St. George Street, Suite 711
                                                 Toronto ON M5R 2M8

                                                 Phone numbers:
                                                 Phone: (416) 978-3711
                                                 Toll-free 1-888-88-CHIMP (24467)
                                                 Fax: (416) 978-3713



Australia                 China – Hong           Germany                    Switzerland
Austria                   Kong                   Hong Kong                  Taiwan
Belgium                   China – Shanghai       Hungary                    Tanzania
Canada                    Congo                  Italy                      Uganda
China – Beijing           Costa Rica             Japan                      United Kingdom
                          France                 South Africa               United States
Fact Sheet
                                    Roots & Shoots
              Global environmental and humanitarian education program

PROGRAM DESCRIPTION:                               mosquitoes. In Shanghai, the Changzheng
                                                   Middle School group educated the public
Learn, Care, Act, Connect!                         about recycling by organizing a phonebook
                                                   recycling project.
Every day, we are bombarded with
information. We hear so much about                  “…Connect!” Youth want to make a
problems affecting human beings, animals,          difference by themselves, without depending
and the environment that we are at risk of         on others. We agree. Roots & Shoots
tuning out. Many of us want to make a              connects youth in a global network where
difference, but beyond donating money, we          they can share ideas, experiences and teach
don’t know where or how to help. Youth of          one another to be leaders for positive change.
all ages are especially concerned and willing to   Being part of a network spanning 96 countries
rise to the challenge. The Jane Goodall            inspires and motivates them. With more than
Institute’s Roots & Shoots program provides        8000 groups having registered around the
them with the training and tools to take action    world since the program’s beginning, we
and see results.                                   know we are making a difference.

“Learn, Care, Act...” Roots & Shoots               There are currently more than 100 groups in
members learn to identify and research issues      Canada. Since the Roots & Shoots program
and problems in their own communities.             launched in Canada in 1997, more than 9500
Simultaneously, they develop project and           youth have completed 2000 projects for
leadership skills so that they can choose, plan    humans, animals and the environment in their
and carry out community action projects.           communities.

Every Roots & Shoots group, whether
composed of rural Canadian elementary              PROGRAM MISSION:
students or university students in Shanghai,
undertakes local, hands-on projects that           •   Foster respect and compassion for all
benefit the human, animal, and ecological              living things.
communities that we all share. The projects        •   Promote understanding of all cultures and
have immediate local impacts but also, taken           beliefs.
together, help make the world a better place.      •   Inspire each individual to take action and
Roots & Shoots group projects are as varied            make the world a better place for the
as their participants’ imaginations: a group in        human, animal, and ecological
Guelph, ON, created a courtyard habitat—               community.
including a pond—for duck families they
noticed over-wintering at their school; a group
in Lagos, Nigeria, cleared rubble washed onto
a road by yearly floods and eliminated pools
of water that bred malaria-bearing                                                          [over]
                                                For more information please contact:
In February of 1991, a small group of
Tanzanian students gathered with Dr. Jane       Monica Guzkowska
Goodall on the porch of her home in Dar es      National Coordinator, Roots & Shoots
Salaam. The students shared Dr. Goodall’s       The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
fascination for animals and concern for the     P.O. Box 309, Station P
environment and wanted to know what they        Toronto, ON, M5S 2S8
could do to make the world a better place.      Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP
The students decided to form clubs in each of   E-mail:
their schools. So began the Jane Goodall
Institute’s Roots & Shoots global
environmental and humanitarian education
program. Today Roots & Shoots has
registered more than 8000 groups in 96


         “Roots creep underground
        everywhere and make a firm
    Shoots seem very weak, but to reach
     the light they can break open brick
    Imagine that the brick walls are all
     the problems we have inflicted on
                our planet.
      Hundreds and thousands of roots
    and shoots, hundreds and thousands
     of young people around the world,
       can break through these walls.
        You can change the world.”
            - Dr. Jane Goodall
Fact Sheet

              Dr. Jane Goodall DBE Biography
                            United Nations’ “Messenger of Peace”

In the summer of 1960, a young                   over four decades later, Dr. Goodall’s
Englishwoman arrived on the shores of Lake       research continues.
Tanganyika in Tanzania, East Africa.
Although it was unheard of for a woman to        In 1965, Goodall earned her PhD in Ethology
venture into the wilds of the African forest,    from Cambridge University. Soon thereafter,
going to Africa represented the fulfilment of    she returned to Tanzania to continue research
Jane Goodall’s childhood dream. As Dr.           and to establish the Gombe Stream Research
Goodall first surveyed the mountains and         Center. Her profound scientific discoveries
valley forests of the Gombe Stream               laid the foundation for all future primate
Chimpanzee Reserve, she had no idea her          studies. Jane was the first to observe chimps
coming efforts would redefine the relationship   David Greybeard and Goliath strip leaves off
between humans and animals or that the           twigs to fashion tools for fishing termites
project would continue into the 21st century.    from a nest. Scientists originally thought
                                                 humans were the only species to make tools,
Encouraged by her mother, Vanne, Goodall         but Dr. Goodall’s discovery was evidence to
began what would become a lifelong               the contrary. On hearing of Jane’s
fascination with animals at an early age.        observation, Leakey said: “Now we must
Throughout her childhood she read avidly         redefine tool, redefine man, or accept
about wild animals, dreaming about living like   chimpanzees as humans.” This would be one
Tarzan and Dr. Doolittle and writing about       of Jane Goodall’s most important and
the animals with which she lived.                significant discoveries.

As a young lady, her passion grew stronger,       In 1977, Goodall founded the Jane Goodall
and when a close friend invited her to Kenya     Institute (the Jane Goodall Institute of
in 1957, Jane readily accepted. Within a few     Canada was established in 1994). The Institute
months of her arrival she met with famed         supports the continuing research at Gombe
anthropologist and paleontologist, Dr. Louis     and works to protect chimpanzees and other
Leakey. Leaky had been in the process of         animals in their African habitats. In addition
searching for someone to spearhead a study       to the Gombe Stream Research Centre the
on the behaviourist tendencies of wild           Institute strives in its efforts to promote
chimpanzees. Goodall’s patience and              reforestation initiatives as well as an end to
persistent desire to understand animals made     the illegal commercial bushmeat trade.
her an ideal candidate for the groundbreaking
study. Dr. Leaky believed that a mind            Today, Dr. Goodall spends more than 300
uncluttered by academia would yield a fresh      days per year lecturing, sharing her message of
perspective. Critics were extremely sceptical    hope for the future and encouraging young
and contended that Goodall’s research,           people to make a difference in their world.
although intended to be long-term, would last
no longer than a few short weeks…today,                                                    [over]
                                                 For more information please contact:
As the recipient of numerous awards, Goodall
is world-renowned and highly respected in        Jane Lawton
both the scientific and lay communities. In      Executive Director
1995, Goodall received the National              The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
Geographic Society’s prestigious Hubbard         P.O. Box 309, Station P
Medal “for her extraordinary study of wild       Toronto, ON M5S 2S8
chimpanzees and for tirelessly defending the     Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP
natural world we share.” Goodall was the         E-mail:
international recipient of the 1996 Caring
Award and Sigma Xi’s 1996 William Proctor
Prize for Scientific Achievement. In 2002,
U.N. secretary of General Kofi Annan
appointed her a “Messenger of Peace”, and in
2003, H.M. Queen Elizabeth II awarded her
the highest honour, the Dame of the British
Empire (DBE). The United Nations
appointed Dr. Goodall as the third recipient
of the Ghandi-King Award for Non-Violence,
and she received the Benjamin Franklin Medal
in Life Science. In 2006, Dr. Goodall received
the French Legion of Honor, in recognition
of her exceptional work with primates, the
many programs of the Jane Goodall Institute
and her continuing endeavours to encourage
people around the world to help our planet
and its inhabitants. Additional honours
include: the Kyoto Prize, The Ark Trust
Lifetime Achievement Award, the
Encyclopedia Britannica Award and the
Animal Welfare Institute’s Albert Schweitzer
Award. She remains the only non-Tanzanian
to have received the Medal of Tanzania.

She has received honorary doctorates from
University of Guelph and Toronto’s Ryerson
University, as well as from Salisbury State
University, Western Connecticut State
University, University of North Carolina,
Tufts University, University of Philadelphia,
La Salle College, University of Southern
California, University of Utrecht, Munich
University, Edinburgh University, and
University of Dar Es Salaam. Most recently,
Cornell University appointed Goodall as a
distinguished Andrew D. White Professor-at-
Fact Sheet
                         Chimpanzee Fact Sheet
BACKGROUND:                                        PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

The chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is human's        Chimpanzees are commonly recognized by
closest living relative and one is of the most     their thick black hair and flat faces.
recognizable of the great apes. The genetic        Chimpanzees’ arms are longer than their legs
differentiation between humans and                 and they uniquely possess opposable thumbs
chimpanzees is, remarkably, just over one          on their hands and big toes on their feet.
percent. It is because of striking physiological   Chimpanzees usually walk on the soles of
similarities between chimpanzees and humans        their feet and on the knuckles of their hands,
- in blood chemistry and immunology - that         but they can also walk on two legs if needed.
medical scientists use these apes as human         The average adult male stands 4 feet high and
substitutes in researching human diseases          weighs approximately 130 pounds while the
such as hepatitis and AIDS.                        female is smaller at only 3 feet tall and 90-100
                                                   pounds. At birth, the average chimpanzee
Wild chimpanzees are critically endangered.        weighs 2-4 pounds. The average life span for a
At the turn of the century, two million            chimpanzee ranges between 40 to 50 years.
chimpanzees lived in the forests of 25 African
nations. Today, only 4 nations have significant    BEHAVIOUR:
chimpanzee populations. The latest great ape
census indicates that there are no more than       The structure of the chimpanzee brain is
110,000 free-range chimpanzees remaining.          startlingly similar to that of the human. Many
Bushmeat, deforestation, and the ever-             aspects of their behaviour and social relations,
growing needs of the human population have         emotional expressions, needs, and intellectual
all contributed to the chimpanzee crisis.          abilities are similar to those depicted in
Without intervention, man’s closest relative       humans. Mental traits once regarded as unique
could become extinct within 15 years.              to humans have been convincingly
                                                   demonstrated in chimpanzees: reasoned
HABITAT:                                           thought, abstraction, generalization, symbolic
                                                   representation, and concept of self. Various
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are found in         forms of non-verbal communications have
various regions of Africa including:               also been documented. Many of their
Cameroon, Gabon, Tanzania, Uganda and              emotions, such as joy, sadness, fear, and
Congo-Kinshasa. Although they typically live       despair are similar to the emotions of the
in the tropical rainforest, their habitat          human species. There are particularly close
varies considerably. Chimpanzees most often        parallels between the chimpanzee infant and
live in primary, uncut forest but are also         the human child: Both have an insatiable
found in secondary re-growth forests, open         appetite for play, both are extremely curious
woodlands, bamboo forests, swamp forests           by nature, both learn through observation and
and even open savannah. Despite this               imitation, both need constant reassurance and
adaptability, intruding commercial logging and     attention, and finally, both need affectionate
oil operations have been found harmful to          physical contact for healthy development.
chimpanzee populations. SEE “Bushmeat
Crisis” FACT SHEET for more on habitat                                                                [over]
Chimpanzees become sexually mature                 TOOL MAKERS:
between the ages of ten and thirteen. Females
usually reproduce every five years, but a          One of Dr Goodall’s most important
mother is unlikely to raise more than three        discoveries was that chimpanzees make and
offspring to full maturity during her lifetime     use tools, an activity long thought to be
due to the high rate of infant mortality. The      exclusively human. They use tools for
gestation period is approximately eight            problem solving, and the tools are adapted to
months. Babies are weaned at five years, but       their geographic area and customs. For
often remain in the company of their mothers       example, they use sticks and blades of grass to
throughout their lifetime. Chimpanzees have        "fish" for driver ants or termites. They also
been known to adopt younger siblings               make sponges from leaves by chewing them
if/when the mother dies.                           and dipping the chewed leaf into puddles of
                                                   water for drinking. Sticks or rocks are used to
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION:                               smash fruits or shells too hard to bite open.
                                                   Tools are not only used for feeding: Adult
Chimpanzees are highly social beings who live      males elaborate charging displays by hurling
in a fission fusion social structure much like     sticks, branches or rocks in order to
that of humans. Hierarchies are reinforced         intimidate others.
through communication using facial
expressions, posture, touching, grooming, and      INFORMATION:
sound. Chimpanzees produce more than               For more information please contact:
thirty different calls, which can be heard up to
two miles away. Communities can range in           Jane Lawton
size from 20 to 100. Members may switch            Executive Director
parties but there is evidence of close,            The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
supportive, affectionate bonds that develop        P.O. Box 309, Station P
between family members and other                   Toronto, ON, M5S 2S8
individuals within a community, which can          Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP
persist throughout the course of a lifetime.       E-mail:

Chimpanzees are mainly vegetarians. The
chimpanzee diet mainly comprises fruit,
leaves, seeds, and flowers however they will
also eat ants, honey, eggs and caterpillars.
Occasionally chimps have been known to
hunt, kill, and eat the meat of small bush pigs,
monkeys and antelope.
Fact Sheet
              Orphan Chimpanzee Sanctuaries
                  Providing safe havens for orphan chimpanzees in Africa

BACKGROUND:                                       UGANDA:

The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada              Located on a 97-acre island in Lake Victoria,
currently contributes in the support of two       the Ngamba Island sanctuary was established
African sanctuaries and assumes responsibility    in 1998 after the Jane Goodall Institute-
for 161 orphan chimpanzees. The Jane              Uganda formed the Chimpanzee Sanctuary
Goodall Institute of Canada contributes to        and Wildlife Trust (CSWT). Ngamba was
sanctuary funding through corporate and           originally designed to have a carrying capacity
foundation support as well as by way of           of 30 chimpanzees, but today it houses 42.
private fiscal commitments (Chimp Guardian        The chimps venture off into the rainforest
program, private donations, membership).          each day, where they climb trees, eat fresh
                                                  fruit, build day nests, and even “fish” for ants
The yearly cost of feeding and caring for a       and other insects. In the evenings, they may
chimpanzee is:                                    return to the safety of the night enclosures
                                                  where they are provided with provisional
   $3,425 for an adult                           food, or they can choose to remain in the
   $4,110 for a juvenile (3 to 5 years of age)   forest. The Ngamba Island chimpanzee
   $6,850 for an infant.                         sanctuary is open to tourists and supports a
                                                  wide-range of community development and
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF                            education-based initiatives.
Located near Pointe Noire in Congo-               For more information please contact:
Brazzaville, Tchimpounga sanctuary was built
in 1992 by the Conoco (now ConocoPhillips)        Jane Lawton
oil company. With 119 orphans,                    Executive Director
Tchimpounga is the largest chimpanzee             The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
sanctuary in Africa. The sanctuary is             P.O. Box 309, Station P
surrounded by 18,000 acres of thick rainforest    Toronto, ON, M5S 2S8
and savannah, which the Jane Goodall              Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP
Institute is developing for the government as     E-mail:
a wildlife refuge. School children from Pointe
Noire visit the sanctuary on a regular basis.
New orphans continue to arrive at a feverish
pace; subsequently, there is an urgent need for
additional infant dormitories as well as an
expansion of the enclosed forest areas to
provide additional space for the older
Fact Sheet
                 Gombe Stream Research Center
       Continuing Jane Goodall’s groundbreaking research on wild chimpanzees

Dr. Goodall first arrived at the Gombe             smaller chimpanzee communities to the north
Stream Reserve in July 1960. She had been          and south. It is hoped that recent studies of
chosen by the paleontologist and                   disease transmission using Gombe
anthropologist Louis Leakey to study the           chimpanzee faecal material will lead to a
behaviour of the local chimpanzees living in       better understanding of the transmission of
the area. Goodall’s observations at Gombe          the human HIV virus. A full-time
would completely revolutionize scientific          videographer at Gombe provides a dynamic
research.                                          visual accompaniment to the research data—
                                                   hundreds of hours of footage capturing the
Her first extraordinary observation came just      day-to-day drama of chimpanzee life at the
a few months after her arrival at Gombe when       reserve.
she saw a chimpanzee making and using a
simple tool. Dr. Goodall describes it this way:    CENTER FOR PRIMATE STUDIES:
“I can never forget that day. Peering through
some vegetation, I saw a dark shape hunched        Based in the University of Minnesota, the Jane
over a termite mound. I realized it was the        Goodall Institute’s Center for Primate Studies
male whom I had named David Greybeard. I           houses an extensive collection of various field
watched as he picked a piece of grass and          notes, maps, audiotapes, film, video, and
pushed it carefully into a tunnel in the mound.    other artefacts representing more than 40
He withdrew it covered with termites clinging      years of scientific information from the
on with their mandibles, and he picked them        Gombe Stream Research Center in Tanzania.
off. Crunch, crunch. Delicious! It was even more   The centre is also home to more than 320,000
thrilling to watch him as he broke off a leafy     pages of paper data and an image bank of
twig and stripped it of leaves to use it for       more than 8,000 slides and negatives, as well
fishing out termites.”                             as hundreds of hours of video footage.

Over 40 years later, Dr. Goodall and her           INFORMATION:
fellow researchers have amassed an extensive       For more information please contact:
collection of chimpanzee-related behavioural
and demographic data.                              Jane Lawton
                                                   Executive Director
Today Gombe hosts a new generation of              The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
talented scientists and field researchers,         P.O. Box 309, Station P
making it one of the most significant              Toronto, ON, M5S 2S8
continuous studies of a wild primate               Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP
population. The Gombe field staff continues        E-mail:
the long-term study of individuals in the
Kasekela community and also monitors two
Fact Sheet
                                      Bushmeat Crisis

BACKGROUND:                                         Bushmeat is the preferred and most readily
                                                    available source of protein in the rainforest.
In Africa, the term “forest” is often referred      Animal husbandry is not customary in Central
to as the bush. Wildlife and meat derived from      Africa, and although wealthy people will
the forest is therefore commonly referred to        sometimes pay high prices for gorilla, snake,
as bushmeat. Commercial hunting has become          and porcupine, low-income families who
the most immediate threat to the future             cannot afford chicken or pork are generally
survival of wildlife in the Congo Basin.            the one’s who support the bushmeat industry.
Human activity has altered nearly 1/3 of the
earth's surface and threatens the existence of      The rapidly growing timber industry has been
countless plant and animal species worldwide.       a major factor in fuelling and facilitating the
Over the past half-century, the population          bushmeat trade. Logging companies cut roads
numbers of our four closest relatives -             into previously inaccessible forests. Even
bonobos, chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutan        when prohibited by company policy, logging
- have declined by more than 80%. Recent            truck drivers are routinely bribed into carrying
figures indicate that no more than 110,000          loads of up to 200 kilograms of bushmeat,
wild chimpanzees remain in Africa, where            including gorillas and chimpanzees.
approximately two million once lived at the
turn of the twentieth century.                      Regulated hunting exists but requires a permit
                                                    granted by the local wildlife administration
CAUSE:                                              department. While they may be protected
                                                    under government law, chimpanzees and
Bushmeat has long been considered as a              other great apes often fall victim to hunting
popular dish for local people indigenous to         externalities (such as snares intended to
the tropical rainforest belt, and until recently,   capture other animals). Unfortunately, local
the hunting of wild animals for food was a          authorities often lack the required capabilities
sustainable practice. The commercial                necessary to effectively monitor and enforce
bushmeat trade is an extremely profitable           government regulations in the region.
business for middle men and not the forest
dwellers (who often lack alternative options
for income generation). A hunter can earn an
annual salary of approximately $300-1000,
significantly more than the average annual
household income in the region and equal to
the salaries of those individuals responsible
for controlling the illegal trade. The meat is
distributed in rural and urban markets and
among logging company employees.

BUSHMEAT FACTS1:                                          in partnership with professionals and
                                                          organizations, natural history museums,
     More than one million tons of Bushmeat              zoological parks, animal protection advocates,
      are taken from the Congo Basin forests              and human health specialists, the BCTF
      each year.                                          fosters information sharing and
     In 2003, approximately 295 chimpanzees              interdependence to develop feasible solutions
      were slaughtered for Bushmeat in                    to bring to an end the illegal bushmeat trade.
      Brazzaville.                                        For more information specifically related to
     The total value of the Bushmeat trade is            the BCTF, visit
      estimated to be worth $68 million CDN
      annually.                                           The Bushmeat Crisis Task Force consists of
                                                          the following supporting members: African
     Chimpanzee meat retails between $27-32
                                                          Wildlife Foundation, American Society of
      CDN per piece (prices vary regionally) in
                                                          Primatologists, American Zoo and Aquarium
      Southwest Cameroon, where hunting is
                                                          Association, Center for Applied Biodiversity
      estimated to contribute to 1/3 of all
                                                          Science, Center for Conservation and
      household income.
                                                          Behaviour, Chicago Zoological Society,
     It has been estimated that 1,200 logging            Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden,
      company employees consumed up to 80                 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Columbus Zoo
      tons of Bushmeat in one year in a camp              and Aquarium, Dallas Zoo, Detroit
      near the Lope reserve in Central Gabon.             Zoological Park, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund
     Bushmeat trade could eliminate all viable           International, Disney Wildlife Conservation
      populations of African apes within the              Fund, The Fund for Animals, Happy Hallow
      next 5-15 years.                                    Corporation, Houston Zoo, Humane Society
     More humans are born each day (350,000)             of the United States, International Fund for
      than the total number of great apes alive           Animal Welfare, The Jane Goodall
      on the planet.                                      Institute, Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens,
                                                          Louisville Zoological Garden, Oakland Zoo,
BUSHMEAT CRISIS TASK FORCE:                               Oklahoma City Zoo, Sedgwick County Zoo,
                                                          Toronto Zoo, Wildlife Conservation Society,
The Bushmeat Crisis Task Force (BCTF) is a                World Wildlife Fund, World Resources
consortium of conservation organizations and scientists   Institute, Zoo New England, Zoological
dedicated to the conservation of wildlife populations     Society of Philadelphia, Zoological Society of
threatened by commercial hunting for sale as meat.        San Diego.

The BCTF works to increase awareness both                 INFORMATION:
in the public and private sectors, aimed at               For more information please contact:
identifying and supporting solutions that
effectively respond to the bushmeat crisis in             Jane Lawton
Africa. According to Dr. Goodall “The                     Executive Director
bushmeat crisis is the most significant and               The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
immediate threat to wildlife populations in               P.O. Box 309, Station P
Africa today.” The Bushmeat Crisis Task                   Toronto, ON, M5S 2S8
Force is an integrative network of ecologists,            Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP
wildlife biologists, economists, food security            E-mail:
specialists, anthropologists, and               
AIDS/emerging disease researchers. Working

Fact Sheet
  Enhancing the lives of chimpanzees through research, education and enrichment

BACKGROUND:                                      latest research, and findings are published in
                                                 journals. The database is also accessible to
Founded in 1984, ChimpanZoo is the Jane          zoos, students and instructors.
Goodall Institute’s international research       zoological communities, as well as the public.
program dedicated to the study of captive        Guest lecturers are also invited to speak about
chimpanzees and to the improvement of their
lives through research, education and            GOALS:
enrichment. Twenty zoos and sanctuaries
currently participate in the program. The zoos      To increase public awareness about the
contribute regular reports to the world’s            plight of chimpanzees and to increase
largest database on captive chimpanzee               understanding of chimpanzee behavior.
behaviour, health, and demographics. The            To assist zoos in their efforts to improve
data is used for comparative studies and for         the habitats and conditions for captive
enrichment purposes.                                 chimpanzees.
                                                    To facilitate the exchange of information
PROGRAM:                                             on ways to enrich the lives of captive
ChimpanZoo was established as a collective
                                                    To compile behavioral data for an
effort between the Jane Goodall Institute,
                                                     international database.
zoological facilities and universities. Our
mission is to apply uniform research methods
to learn more about chimpanzees and their
                                                 For more information please contact:
psychological and behavioral responses to a
captive environment. Approximately 130
                                                 Dr. Virginia Landau
chimpanzees are involved ChimpanZoo,
                                                 Director of ChimpanZoo
making it the largest ape research program
                                                 Babcock Bldg. #3106
ever undertaken. Students, care-takers and
                                                 1717 E. Speedway Blvd.
volunteers record behavioral observations.
                                                 Tucson, AZ 85721
The results of the studies are presented at an
                                                 Tel: 520-621-4785
annual, week-long ChimpanZoo conference.
                                                 Fax: 520-621-2230
It serves as a forum for discussing and
exchanging new information and ideas. The
lecture series attracts the academic and their
Fact Sheet

               TACARE “Take Care” Programs
        Community-centered programs enriching the lives of African villagers

BACKGROUND:                                      SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

The Lake Tanganyika Catchment                       To arrest the rapid degradation and
Reforestation and Education Project                  erosion of land in the Kigoma region
(TACARE) was launched in October, 1994 in           To improve the overall standard of living
the rural Kigoma region of western Tanzania.         for local residents
The underlying rationale of the program is to       To encourage a sustainable management
conserve chimpanzee habitat by addressing            of natural resources
the economic and social problems faced by
                                                    To create environmental protection
human populations living on the habitat
borders. TACARE addresses poverty and
supports sustainable livelihoods in villages        To provide models for sustainable socio-
around Lake Tanganyika while arresting the           economic development
rapid degradation of natural resources              To strengthen the local institutional
(especially the remaining indigenous forest).        capacity for sustainable development
The project has since expanded to introduce         To introduce adapted farming and agro-
primary health care and to offer family              forestry systems
planning, education, and micro-enterprise           To establish sustainable tree nursery
opportunities geared towards the women in            services in the project area
the Kigoma district.
                                                 1. Community Development – community
The TACARE project works in collaboration        development activities include: credit
with 33 villages situated within the Lake        programs that encourage local groups to
Tanganyika catchment, between Mahale and         combine savings in revolving loan funds.
Gombe National Parks. Activities focus on        Loans help individuals start or expand small
community-based land use planning,               businesses. Furthermore, the Jane Goodall
sustainable agriculture, health promotion,       Institute sponsorship program has supported
income generation, environmental                 more than 112 girls through post-secondary
conservation, and environmental. The project     education.
offers seminars in agro-forestry, tree-nursery
maintenance, contour farming, and                2. Forestry – our forestry initiative has
environmental conservation.                      created more than 100 tree nurseries that
                                                 distribute seedlings to further reforestation
                                                 efforts. To date, over 14,000 seedlings have
                                                 been raised and distributed. With TACARE’s
                                                 help, villagers have planted more than 1
                                                 million trees in 32 local villages.        [over]
3. Agriculture – our agricultural activities      INFORMATION:
include: oil palm seedling development and        For more information please contact:
distribution, crop promotion, and training in
agro-forestry                                     Jane Lawton
                                                  Executive Director
4. Health – The Jane Goodall Institute health     The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
initiatives focus on family planning, water and   P.O. Box 309, Station P
environmental sanitation, and reproductive        Toronto, ON, M5S 2S8
health education (HIV/AIDS and STDs).             Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP
5. Roots & Shoots – The lake Tanganyika 
Roots & Shoots program involves 45 primary
schools and children’s centers in 20 local
villages. The groups undertake various
environmental projects and make educational
excursions to the nearby Gombe National


The Jane Goodall Institute is replicating the
Tanzanian program in other parts of Africa
where population pressures push up against
the boundaries of wilderness areas. Programs
have started in the villages bordering the
Mengame wildlife reserve in Cameroon as
well as in villages around our Jane Goodall
Institute Tchimpounga orphan chimpanzee
sanctuary and reserve in Congo Brazzaville.
The Jane Goodall Institute hopes to initiate
TACARE programs in Nigeria, Kenya, and
Fact Sheet
           Community-Centered Conservation
The Jane Goodall Institute’s newest projects       control over access to natural resources and
in Africa are linked not only geographically       are therefore unable to prevent “outsiders”
through the Congo Basin watershed, but also        from exploiting the local resource base. By
thematically by addressing the root social and     placing the responsibility of natural resource
economic factors that frame human                  management into the hands of the local
relationships with the environment. Coupling       community and by increasing community
this focus with direct involvement with            participation at all levels of our projects, the
governments, industry and local capacity, our      Institute has been successful in improving
holistic approach creates the opportunity to       livelihoods while concurrently promoting
establish long-term field conservation and         conservation and the need to preserve
natural development programs.                      biodiversity for the benefit of all.

The management of natural resources is often       The Institute’s holistic program structure –
viewed by local communities as a means to          public/private partnerships in support of
implement authoritarian policies that go           locally managed education, socio-economic
against traditional rights. As local populations   development and sustainable natural resource
are the immediate custodians of natural            management initiatives – is a model for
resources, there is little prospect of improved    success based on our Lake Tanganyika
natural resource management (NRM) if the           Catchment Reforestation and Education
major users are excluded from participating in     program (TACARE) in Western Tanzania. At
solutions for local resource protection.           all stages of CCC project planning, the
Through the Institute’s Community-Centered         Institute includes the local authorities and
Conservation (CCC) approach to natural             other stakeholders within the area. The
resource management, local communities             TACARE approach offers a wide range of
ultimately become the advocates and                potential interventions which are based on
caretakers of their natural environment.           local issues and needs that are mutually
                                                   selected by Institute project personnel and
The Institute’s CCC approach empowers local        community members. This approach ensures
communities with the tools needed to manage        the long-term effectiveness and sustainability
their natural resources for long-term              of our initiatives as the local people take
economic gain and environmental prosperity.        “ownership” of the programs in their villages.
By increasing local capacity, responsibility,      By engaging communities to participate in the
and participation in the sustainable               conservation process, the Institute has been
management of natural resources,                   highly successful in creating local
communities take pride in the preservation of      understanding of the issues while addressing
the natural environment and wildlife of their      both the social and economic influences that
area. Incentives at the local level to conserve    affect the local people through sustainable
natural resources are necessary if a project is    development activities.
to succeed. Local peoples frequently have no
For more information please contact:

Jane Lawton
Executive Director
The Jane Goodall Institute of Canada
P.O. Box 309, Station P
Toronto, ON, M5S 2S8
Tel: 1-888-88-CHIMP

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