Chapter 4 Study Guide
Reviewing Key Terms: Fill in the blanks with the correct term
1. _______________ the right to vote
2. _______________ the criminal act of printing lies about other people
3. _______________ procedures established by law and guaranteed by the
4. _______________ a formal accusation of a crime issued by a grand jury
5. _______________ a formal request for government action
6. _______________ banning printed materials because they contain alarming or
7. _______________ a sum of money paid in exchange for the right to vote
8. _______________ the criminal act of verbally lying about another person to
harm that person’s reputation.
9. _______________ money paid to the court by an accused person to guarantee
that she or he will appear for trial
10. _______________ the right of the government to take private property for public
11. _______________ a small, local army made up of volunteer soldiers.
12. _______________ the social separation of the races.
13. _______________ freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of
14. _______________ the right to express one’s ideas to the government.
15. ______________ prevents Congress and the president from becoming too strong.
16. ______________ reviews the evidence against an accused person and decides it
warrants an indictment
Reviewing Main Ideas: Answer the question in the space provided.
17. What was the purpose of the NAACP and the National Urban League.
18. Explain the significance of the 14th Amendment.
19. What 5 basic freedoms does the 1st Amendment protect?
20. What does the “incorporation” of the Bill of Rights mean?
21. What was the impact of the Supreme Court’s decision in Gitlow v. New York
22. Why is protection from “double jeopardy” important?
23. What practice led to the inclusion of the 3rd Amendment in the Bill of Rights?
24. What was the importance of the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
25. What is a court order allowing police to search a suspect’s home or business and take
specific items as evidence?
26. Which amendment states that an accused person is entitled to have a lawyer?
27. Unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group is called what?
28. Which amendment extended the right of suffrage to women?
29. What term refers to police officers singling out people as suspects because of the way
30. Which freedom protected by the First Amendment would involve the right to take part in
a political demonstration?
31. Which Amendment forbids the torture of prisoners?
32. What was the purpose of the 13th Amendment?
33. How are our unwritten rights protected?
34. When a person is arrested but cannot afford a lawyer, who will represent the accused
35. Is “Free Speech” limited to the spoken word? Explain your answer.
36. What Constitutional freedom ensures that Americans are exposed to many viewpoints?