Practical_Note

Document Sample
Practical_Note Powered By Docstoc
					Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g
cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶‡Yi bvg : mgq I ZvwiL cÖ`k©b I cwieZ©b Kivi c×wZ
Kw¤úDUvi Pvjy Kivi ci gwbU‡i Windows -Gi Desktop cÖ`wk©Z nq| Desktop
‡_‡K mgq I ZvwiL wZbwU c×wZ‡Z cÖ`k©b I cwieZ©b Kiv hvq|
   1. Start -Gi gva¨‡g
   2. My Computer -Gi gva¨‡g Ges
   3. Desktop I cÖ`wk©Z mg‡qi ¯’v‡b Click K‡i|

mgq I ZvwiL cÖ`k©b: D‡j­wLZ c×wZ¸‡jv AbymiY K‡i mgq I ZvwiL cÖ`k©b
Kiv nq| wb‡gœ c×wZMy‡jv ewY©Z n‡jv -
1. Start -Gi gva¨‡g :
     Start G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
     Progrms †_‡K Accessories wm‡j± Ki‡Z n‡e|
     Clock wbe©vPb Ki‡Z n‡e|
    A_ev,
     Start G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
     Setting G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
     Control panel G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
     Date/Time G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
2. My Computer Gi gva¨‡g :
     My Computer G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
     Open Control         Date/Time wbe©vPb Ki‡Z n‡e|
3. Desktop I cÖ`wk©Z mg‡qi ¯’v‡b Click K‡i:
     . Desktop G Start †gbyev‡ii me©Wv‡b mgq cÖ`wk©Z ¯’v‡b Wvej Click
        Ki‡Z n‡e|

Dc‡iv³ c×wZMy‡jvi gva¨‡g gwbU‡ii c`©vq cÖ`wk©Z Nwo-A¨vbvjM I
wWwRU¨vj Dfqfv‡eB cÖ`wk©Z nq|
ZvwiL cwieZ©b t Kw¤úDUv‡ii ZvwiL cwieZ©‡bi c`‡¶c wbgœi~c :

K) w`b cwieZ©bt Kvh©Ki w`bwU Mvp n‡q _v‡K| mwVK w`bwU gvDm w`‡q
Click K‡i w`b cwieZ©b Kiv hvq|

L) gvm I eQi cwieZ©b t †h ¯’v‡b gvm I eQi cÖ`wk©Z n‡”Q, †mLv‡b WvDb I
Avc A¨v‡iv Kx-i gva¨‡g gvm I eQi wVK K‡i †`qv hvq|
mg‡qi cwieZ©b t mgq cwieZ©‡bi Rb¨ Nwoi wWwRUvj As‡k †WUv I Aí
A¨v‡iv Kx-i mvnv‡h¨ wKsev mivmwi Kx- †ev‡W©i mvnv‡h¨ wj‡L w`‡q mgq
cwieZ©b Kiv hvq|



cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶‡Yi bvg : †W¯‹U‡c †dvìvi ˆZwii c×wZ, ‡Kvb WªvBf ev
WvB‡i±wii dvBj I †dvìv‡ii ZvwjKv cÖ`k©‡bi c×wZ, we`¨gvb
†dvìv‡ii ev dvB‡ji bvg cwieZ©b, †dvìvi ev dvBj gy‡Q †djvi
c×wZ, †dvìvi ev dvBj Kwc Kivi c×wZ wjL|



†W¯‹U‡c bZzb bZzb †dvìvi ˆZwii Rb¨ wbgœwjwLZ c`‡¶cMy‡jv MÖnY Ki‡Z
nq-
     †W¯‹U‡c gvD‡mi Wvb evUb wK¬K Ki‡Z nq|
     New †Z wK¬K Ki‡Z nq|
     Folder G Click K‡i Kx- †ev‡W©i gva¨‡g †dvìviwUi bvg wj‡L w`‡Z nq|
     †W¯‹U‡ci †h †Kvb duvKv RvqMvq wK¬K Ki‡jB †dvìviwUi wm‡jKmb
      Ae¯’vb cwieZ©b NU‡e|



WªvBf ev WvB‡i±wii dvBj I †dvìv‡ii ZvwjKv cÖ`k©‡bi c×wZ:

Kw¤úDUv‡i †Kvb WvB‡i±wii dvBj I †dvìv‡ii ZvwjKv †`Lvi Rb¨ wb‡gœvKZ
c×wZ Aej¤^b Kiv hvq|
    Windows Gi †W¯‹U‡c My Computer-G Wvej wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
    Kvw•LZ WªvBf ev WvB‡i±wii Dc‡i Wvej wK¬K Ki‡jB H WªvBf ev
      WvB‡i±wii dvBj I †dvìv‡ii ZvwjKv †`Lv hv‡e|

we`¨gvb †dvìv‡ii ev dvB‡ji bvg cwieZ©b:
we`¨gvb †dvìvi ev dvB‡ji bvg cwieZ©‡bi Rb¨ gvD‡mi mvnvh¨ wbgœwjwLZ
c`‡¶cMy‡jv AbymiY Ki‡Z nq-
   c×wZ-1
    †dvìvi ev dvB‡ji Dc‡i Wvb evUb wK¬K Ki‡Z nq|
   Rename G evg evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡Z nq|
   Kx- †ev‡W©i gva¨‡g bZzb bvgwU wj‡L G›Uvi Kx Pvc‡Z nh|
  c×wZ-2
   †dvìvi ev dvBj wm‡j±U Ki‡Z nq|
   F2 G evg ‡cÖm Ki‡Z nq|
   Kx- †ev‡W©i gva¨‡g bZzb bvg wj‡L G›Uvi Kx Pvc w`‡Z nq|


†dvìvi ev dvBj gy‡Q †djvi c×wZ:
  †dvìvi ev dvBj gy‡Q †djvi Rb¨ wbgœwjwLZ c`‡¶cMy‡jv AbymiY Ki‡Z nq|
   cÖ_‡g †dvìvi ev dvBjwU wm‡j± Ki‡Z nq|
   gvD‡mi Wvb evUb wK¬K K‡i , Delete G wK¬K Ki‡Z nq A_ev, Key board
     ‡_‡K Delete Kx‡Z Pvc w`‡Z nq|
   Kbdvi †gkb e· Avm‡j Yes G wK¬K Ki‡j †dvìvi ev dvBjwU Recycle Bin G
     Rgv nq|
   ‡dvìvi ev dvBjwU wm‡j± Ki‡Z nq|

†dvìvi ev dvBj Kwc Kivi c×wZ:
  †dvìvi ev dvBj Ab¨Î Kwc Kivi c`‡¶cMy‡jv wbgœi~c -
   gvD‡mi Wvb evUb wK¬K K‡i Copy wbe©vPb Ki‡Z nq| A_ev Key board
     ‡_‡K Control+C KxØq GK‡Î Pvc w`‡Z nq|
   ‡h RvqMvq ¯’vbvš—i Ki‡Z n‡e †mLv‡b gvDm c‡q‡›Ui †P‡c gvD‡mi
     Wvb evUb wK¬K K‡i Past wm‡j± Ki‡Z nq A_ev Ctrl+V KxØq GK‡Î Pvc
     w`‡Z nq|
cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................


cix¶‡Yi bvg : d¬wc wW¯‹‡K e¨envi Dc‡hvMx ev di‡gU Kivi
c×wZ
   mvaviYZ evRviRvZ Kivi mg‡qB wW¯‹wU di‡gU Kiv _v‡K | cieZx©‡Z A‡bK
   mgq bZzb K‡i wW¯‹wU di‡gU Kivi cÖ‡qvRb nq| †m †¶‡Î c`‡¶cMy‡jv
   wbgœi~c-
    Windows Gi †W¯‹U‡c My Computer G Wvej wK¬K Ki‡Z nq|
    d¬wc WªvB‡f wW¯‹wU XyKv‡Z n‡e|
    A WªvB‡f gvD‡mi Wvb evUb wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
    Format G wK¬K Ki‡Z nq|
    Format I type wVK K‡i w`‡q Other option start wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
IqvW© cÖ‡mwms
cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶vi bvg: G cÖ‡ek Kivi c×wZ

Microsoft Word ïi“ Kiv:

MS Word ïi“ Kivi Rb¨ wb‡Pi Step ¸‡jv G‡K G‡K e¨envi Kwi|
Steps
   1. cÖ_g Mouse c‡q›Uvi (DaŸ©gyLx Zxi) Start evU‡bi                 Dci G‡b
      wK¬K Kwi| †`wL wb‡Pi Qwei gZ GKwU Pop Up †gby A_©vr DaŸ©gyLx
      GKwU †gby Avm‡e, †hLv‡b wbP †_‡K h_vµ‡g All Programs Ges
      Ab¨vb¨ mdU&Iq¨v‡ii bvg (Windows XP/2004) A_ev Shut Down, Log off,
      Help and Support, Find (Search), Setting, Documents, Programs (Windows
      98) BZ¨vw` †jLv _vK‡e|
   2. Gici Pop Up †gbyi Dc‡ii w`K †_‡K All Programs (ev Programs) AvBK‡b
      Click Kwi|
   3. †`wL Wvbw`‡K Av‡iKwU Drop Down †gby A_©vr wbæMvgx †gby
      Avm‡e| †hLv‡b A‡bK †cÖvMÖv‡gi bvg †jLv _vK‡e|
   4. Microsoft Office G Click K‡i Avi GKwU bZzb †gby †_‡K Microsoft
      Office> Microsoft Office Word 2007 Gi Dci wK¬K Kwi|




   5. wKQy¶‡Yi g‡a¨ c`©vq MS-Word óvU©Avc Logo Avm‡e Ges †k‡l MS
      Word Gi GKwU dvuKv ¯Œxb Avm‡e|

ms‡¶‡c: Start>Programs/All Programs>Microsoft Office>Microsoft Office
Word
MS WORD Screen Gi msw¶ß weeiY
cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶vi bvg: wKfv‡e e­K Acv‡ikb (KvU, Kwc, †c÷, wWwjU) Kiv hvq?
            ZvwiL:

mvavibZ `yBfv‡e WKz‡g‡›Ui †Kvb Ask e­K Kiv hvqt
   gvDm w`‡q t WKz‡g‡›Ui †h Ask e­K Ki‡Z n‡e, Zvi Dci w`‡q gvDm
      c‡q›UviwU WªvM K‡i wb‡q †h‡Z n‡e|
   Kx-‡evW© w`‡q t WKz‡g‡›Ui †h Ask e­K Ki‡Z n‡e, †mB As‡ki cÖ_‡g
      ev †k‡l Kvm©i †i‡L wkdU Kx †P‡c a‡i Kx †P‡c e­K Ki‡Z n‡e|
GK A¶i Wv‡b Shift+→ GK A¶i ev‡g Shift+ ←
GK Line wb‡P Shift+↓ GK Line Dc‡i Shift+↑
GK Word Wv‡b Shift+Ctrl+→ GK Word ev‡g Shift+Ctrl+←
Line Gi †k‡l Shift+End Line Gi ïi“‡Z Shift+Home
c¨vivi cÖ_‡g Shift+Ctrl+↑ c¨vivi †k‡l Shift+Ctrl+↓
GK Screen Dc‡i Shift+ Page Up GK Screen wb‡P Shift+Page Down
Screen Gi ïi“‡Z Shift+Ctrl+Page Up Screen Gi †k‡l Shift+Ctrl+Page Down
Document Gi ïi“‡Z Shift+Ctrl+Home Document Gi †k‡l Shift+Ctrl+ End
mg¯— Documnet wm‡j± Kivi Rb¨ Kx‡evW© †_‡K Ctrl+A †cÖm Kwi|

e­K/wm‡j± (Block) Qvov‡bv
†h †Kvb duvKv ¯’v‡b wK¬K Ki‡j A_ev Kx‡evW© †_‡K †h †Kvb Arrow Kx
†cÖm Ki‡jB Block gy‡Q hv‡e|
Kwc I †c÷(Copy and Paste)
Steps
   1. Cambrian College UvBc Kwi|
   2. Cambrian College †jLvwU wm‡j± ev e-K Kwi|
   3. Clipboard KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Copy (            ) evU‡b wK¬K Kwi ev ev
      Kx‡evW© †_‡K (Ctrl+C) Pvwc|
   4. GLb †hLv‡b †c÷ Ki‡Z n‡e †mLv‡b Kvm©i ivwL| awi Cambrian College
      †jLvi wb‡Pi jvB‡b †c÷ Ki‡Z n‡e| Zvn‡j Kvm©i Cambrian College †jLvi
      wb‡Pi jvB‡b ivwL|
   5. Gev‡i Clipboard KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Paste (      ) evU‡b wK¬K Kwi Kwi ev
      Kx‡evW© †_‡K (Ctrl+V) Pvwc| Cambrian College †jLvi GKwU Kwc
      Avm‡e Ges Kvm©i wØZxq jvB‡bi †k‡l Ae¯’vb Ki‡e|




KvU I †c÷( Cut and Paste)
Steps
   1. Cambrian College UvBc Kwi|
   2. Cambrian College †jLvwU wm‡j± Kwi|
   3. Clipboard KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Cut (      ) evU‡b wK¬K Kwi ev Kx‡evW©
      †_‡K (Ctrl+X) Pvwc|




   4. Cambrian College †jLvi wb‡Pi jvB‡b wK¬K Kwi Zvn‡j Kvm©i wb‡Pi
      jvB‡b Avm‡e|
   5. Gev‡i Clipboard KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Paste (    ) evU‡b wK¬K Kwi ev
      Kx‡evW© †_‡K (Ctrl+V) Pvwc| Cambrian College †jLvwU GLv‡b Avm‡e
      Ges Kvm©i jvB‡bi †k‡l Ae¯’vb Ki‡e|

gyQv(Delete)
  1. cÖ‡qvRbxq AskUzKy wm‡j± ev e-K Ki‡Z n‡e|
  2. Kx-‡evW© n‡Z Delete Kx Pvc‡Z n‡e| Zvn‡j e­KK…Z AskUzKz gy‡Q
     hv‡e|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶vi bvg: †U·U di‡gwUs- A¶‡ii AvKvi I aiY cwieZ©b Kivi c×wZ eY©bv
`vI|

Font wm‡j± Kiv
GLb cÖwZwU jvB‡b Avjv`v Avjv`v Format Ackb †hvM Ki‡ev| Formatting Uzjevi
e¨envi K‡i ev †gby †_‡K Format Kiv m¤¢e| eB‡Z Uzjevi Ges †gby †_‡K
Format `yB wel‡qi Av‡jvPbv Kiv n‡jv|

Formatting Uzjevi e¨envi K‡i

d›U cwieZ©b:
Steps
   1. cÖ_g jvBbwU (Cambrian College) wm‡j± ev Block Kwi|
   2. cÖ_g jvBb wm‡j± †k‡l Font KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Dc‡ii cÖ_g Uzj (d‡›Ui bvg
      †jLv) (             ) Gi Wªc WvD‡b (wb‡gv³ Zxi) wK¬K Kwi|
      wewfbœ d‡›Ui bvgmn cyj WvDb †gby Avm‡e| Arial d›U wm‡j± Kwi|




Font cwiewZ©Z n‡q Arial n‡e| Gfv‡e wewfbœ ai‡bi Font wm‡j± Kiv nq| evsjv
FontI GLvb †_‡K wm‡j± Kiv nq|

d‡›Ui Size cwieZ©b:

†U·U †jLvi ciI d‡›Ui mvBR †QvU/eo Kiv hvq|
   1. Cambrian College †jLv wØZxq jvBb wm‡j± Kwi|
   2. †jLv wm‡j± K‡i Font KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K d‡›Ui cv‡ki (msL¨v †jLv) Gi Wªc
      WvD‡b wK¬K Kwi| wewfbœ mvBRmn cyj WvDb †gby †_‡K 36 wm‡j±
      Kwi| †h‡Kv‡bv msL¨vq gvDm wb‡j WKy‡g‡›Ui †jLvq wcÖwfD †`Lv‡e|




Tips: ‡jLv wm‡j± Kivi ci Ctrl+Shift+> †cÖm Ki‡j d›U mvBR eo nq|
Ctrl+Shift+< †cÖm Ki‡j d›U mvBR †QvU nq Ctrl+] †cÖm Ki‡j 1 c‡q›U eo nq
Ges Ctrl+[ †cÖm Ki‡j 1 c‡q›U †QvU nq| D‡j−L¨ mvBR e‡· B”Qvg‡Zv mvBR
UvBc K‡i Ges Enter †cÖm K‡iI mvBR cwieZ©b Kiv hvq|


d‡›Ui Style/Bold cwieZ©b
d›U Style †_‡K GLb Bold Ackb wm‡j± Ki‡ev|
1. Cambrian College †jLv Z…Zxq jvBb wm‡j± Kwi|
2. Font KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K †_‡K Font Gi wb‡Pi w`‡Ki evUb
   A_©vr (B ) †jLv cÖ_g evU‡bi Dci wK¬K Kwi| †jLv †evì ev Mvp n‡e|
†U·U Italic Kiv
3. GKB cÖwµqvq cieZ©x jvBb wm‡j± Kwi|
4. Font KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K †_‡K 2 bs Uzj A_©vr I †jLv Uz‡j wK¬K Kwi| †jLv
euvKv n‡e|


†U·U Underline Kiv
Word G wewfbœ ai‡bi Underline Kiv hvq|
Steps
5. GKB cÖwµqvq cieZ©x jvBb wm‡j± Kwi|
6. Font KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K 3 bs Uzj A_©vr U †jLv Uz‡j wK¬K Kwi| †jLv
AvÛvijvBb n‡e|

†U·‡Ui Color cwieZ©b Kiv
†U·‡Ui iO B”Qvg‡Zv cwieZ©b Kiv hvq|
1. GKB cÖwµqvq cieZ©x jvBb wm‡j± K‡i Kwi|
2. Font KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K †_‡K A †jLv Uzj ( )
A_©vr Font Color Uz‡j wK¬K Kwi Wªc WvDb †gby Avm‡e|
GLv‡b B”Qvg‡Zv Kvjvi wm‡j± Kwi|




†gby †_‡K di‡gwUs Kiv:

Font wm‡j± Kiv:
Font KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K e¨envi K‡i ev †gby †_‡K Format Kiv m¤¢e|
Steps
   1. GKwU jvBb (Cambrian College) Block Kwi|
   2. Home wieb wm‡j± _vKv Ae¯’vq Font KgvÛMÖ“c Gi wb‡Pi w`‡Ki Zxi
      wPý m¤^wjZ evU‡b wK¬K Kwi| G Ae¯’vq Avcbvi mvg‡b Font WvqvjM
      e· Avm‡e|
Font Ackb †_‡K Arial wm‡j± K‡i OK Kwi| Font cwiewZ©Z n‡q Arial n‡e| Gfv‡e
wewfbœ ai‡bi Font wm‡j± Kiv nq| evsjv Font I GLvb †_‡K wm‡j± Kiv nq|
Font WvqvjM e‡·i Underline style option ‡_‡K wewfbœ ai‡bi Underline wm‡j±
Kiv hvq, Z‡e(None) wm‡j± Ki‡j Av‡M AvÛvi jvBb _vK‡j D‡V hv‡e| Gfv‡e Bold,
Italic, Color cwieZ©b BZ¨vw` Kiv hv‡e|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶vi bvg: wKfv‡e c¨vivMÖvd di‡gU Kiv hvq?

Line Spacing:
†U·‡Ui GK jvBb †_‡K Ab¨ jvB‡bi gv‡Si duvKv RvqMv‡K e‡j Line Spacing|
wWdë †mwUs Abymv‡i GwU wm‡½j †¯cm _v‡K| GB duvKv RvqMv Kg/†ekx
Kivi `iKvi n‡Z cv‡i|
1. †U·U¸‡jv e−K / wm‡j± Kwi| †gby †_‡K Home Ribon Gi Paragraph
KgvÛMÖ“‡ci Line Spacing evU‡b wK¬K Kwi| Wªc WvDb †gby Avm‡e|
2. GLvb †_‡K 2.0 wm‡j± Kwi|




c¨vivMÖv‡di jvBb¸‡jvi `‚iË¡ Wvej n‡e|

Indentation Kivt
Paragraph KgvÛ MÖ“c †_‡K Align evU‡bi Dc‡ii `yBwU evU‡bi bvg Bullets,
Numbering Ges Multilevel evUb| Zvi c‡ii `yBwU evU‡bi bvg Decrease Indent
Ges Increase Indent evUb| †h †Kvb B‡Û›U evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j wm‡j± Kiv Ask
A_©vr c¨viv Alignment wVK †i‡L mgvb `yi‡Z¡ Wv‡b ev ev‡g m‡i hv‡e|
mvaviYZ Ava Bw (.5″)| hw`I Paragraph WvqvjM e· †_‡K †mwUs cwieZ©b
Kiv hvq| wb‡Pi wdPviwU j¶¨ Kwi 1 I 2 b¤^i Point †K Block/Select K‡i GKevi
Wvbw`‡K (Increase Indent) evU‡b( ) wK¬K Kiv n‡q‡Q|




Alignment:
‡jLv †Kvbw`K †_‡K mw¾Z n‡e Zvi Rb¨ web¨vm mvab Kiv nq| †jLvi
web¨vm(Alignment) mvavibZ 4 ai‡bi| h_vt
    evg web¨vm(Left Alignment)
    Wvbweb¨vm(Right Alignment)
    ga¨web¨vm (Center Alignment)
    mg web¨vm(Justify)
Document †K my›`ifv‡e Dc¯’vcb Kivi Rb¨ Alignment GKwU AwZ cÖ‡qvRbxq
KgvÛ| Paragraph KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Alignment Uzj e¨envi K‡i ev †gby †_‡K
KgvÛ w`‡q Alignment Kiv hvq|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶vi bvg: wKfv‡e †cR †mUvc(Page Setup ) Kiv hvq?

Margin wVK Kiv
Av‡MB e‡jwQ gvwR©b n‡”Q KvM‡R †Kvb WKy‡g›U wcÖ›U Kivi ci Dc‡i,
wb‡P, Wv‡b, ev‡g KZUzKz duvKv RvqMv _vK‡e †mwU Word Gi Normal
†mwUs Abymv‡i Wvb (Right=1″), evg (left=1″), Dci (Top=1″) Ges wbP
(Bottom=1″) wm‡j± _v‡K| GB †mwUsm cwieZ©b K‡i B”QvgZ gvwR©b
†mwUs Kiv hvq| gvwR©b †mwUs Kivi Rb¨ wb‡æv³ KgvÛ w`B|
Steps
   1. †gby †_‡K Page Layout Ribon wm‡j± Kwi|
    Page Setup KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Margin Ack‡b
   wK¬K Kwi| GLv‡b †_‡K wewfbœ ai‡bi Ackb
   Avm‡e GLvb †_‡K wewfbœ ai‡bi mvBR wVK K‡i wbB|




2. A_ev Page Setup KgvÛMÖ“c †jLvi Wv‡b Aew¯’Z †QvU evU‡b wK¬K Kwi
Page Setup WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|




Margins U¨ve wm‡j± Av‡Q wbwðš— n‡q wbB hw` bv _v‡K Zvn‡j wm‡j± K‡i
wbB| GLb Avgiv mew`‡K 1″ (BwÂ) K‡i Margin †mU Ki‡ev|
3. Top Ack‡bi †U·U e‡· gvDm wK¬K K‡i 1 UvBc Kwi A_ev Avc/WvDb
A¨v‡iv‡Z wK¬K K‡i 1 wm‡j± Kwi| Gfv‡e Bottom=1″, Left=1″, Right=1″
wm‡j± K‡i Preview Ack‡b cwieZ©b j¶¨ Kwi|
Gutter: †h †Kvb WKy‡g›U wcÖ›U Kivi ci evuavB Kiv A_ev cvÄ K‡i dvB‡j ivLvi
†¶‡Î MvUvi n‡”Q gvwR©b QvovI AwZwi³ RvqMv| gvwR©‡bi gZ GKB c×wZ‡Z
Gutter wba©viY Kiv nq|
Page Orientation
Page Setup KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Orientation Ack‡b wK¬K Kwi|
Orientation Ack‡bi g‡a¨ Portrait Ges Landscape bv‡g
`yBUv Ackb Av‡Q| Portrait wm‡j± Ki‡j KvM‡R j¤^vfv‡e
 A_©vr Bio-Data Gi gZ wcÖ›U nq| Landscape wm‡j± Ki‡j
 AvovAvwofv‡e A_©vr Certificate-Gi gZ wcÖ›U nq| Page Setup
 Gi Margins U¨v‡eI Orientation Ackb Aew¯’Z| cÖ‡qvRbxq e· wm‡j± Kwi|


Paper Size
wewfbœ gv‡ci KvM‡R WKy‡g›U wcÖ›U Ki‡Z nq †hgb evRv‡i cÖPwjZ
KvM‡Ri mvBR n‡”Q Letter 8.5×11 ev Legal 8.514 BZ¨vw` wewfbœ mvBR|
GQvov wb‡Ri cÖ‡qvRbgZ †ccvi mvBR wVK K‡i †`Iqv hvq|
2. Page Setup KgvÛMÖ“‡ci Size Ackb †_‡K wewfbœ ai‡bi mvBR wb‡q KvR Kiv
hvq|




3. GQvov More Paper Size Ack‡b wK¬K Ki‡j Page Setup WvqvjM e· Avm‡e Ges
Paper U¨ve wm‡j± _vK‡e| Paper Size wVK Kivi Rb¨ Ackb Avm‡e|
Paper Size Ack‡bi wb‡Pi e‡· mvaviYZ Letter mvBR (8.5″×11″) wm‡j± _v‡K|
Paper Size Ack‡bi wb‡P Letter †jLvi Wv‡bi WvDb A¨v‡iv (Wªc WvDb wjó ) †Z
wK¬K Ki‡j List Avm‡e| GLvb †_‡K cÖ‡qvRbxq †ccvi mvBR wm‡j± Kwi|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................


wKfv‡e evbvb ms‡kvab I kã cwieZ©b Kiv hvq?

evbvb ms‡kvab:
1.GLb WKz‡g‡›Ui me‡P‡q cÖ_‡g Kvm©i ivwL|
2. †gby †_‡K Review Ribon wm‡j± Kwi| Proofing KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Spelling and
Grammar... wUK wPý m¤^wjZ Uzj A_©vr Spelling and Grammar Uzj G wK¬K
Kwi| Spelling and Grammar WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|




Avgiv evbvb cix¶vi cvkvcvwk MÖvgvi cix¶v Ki‡Z PvB| †mRb¨ WvqvjM e‡·i
GK`g wb‡P Check grammar Ack‡bi ev‡gi †PK e· wm‡j± (wUK gvK©) Av‡Q
wbwðZ n‡q wbb|
3. Check grammar Ackb wm‡j± bv _vK‡j e‡· wK¬K K‡i wm‡j± Kwi| wUK wPý
Avm‡e Ges evbv‡bi mv‡_ mv‡_ MÖvgviI cix¶v ïi“ n‡e| AviI j¶¨ Kwi e‡·i
Wvbw`‡K Ignore Once/Ignore, Ignore All, Add to Dictionary/Add, Change BZ¨vw`
evUb i‡q‡Q|
Ignore Once - evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j Kvm©i eZ©gvb kã‡K cwieZ©b bv K‡i cieZ©x
fzj kã‡K jvj i‡Oi gvK© K‡i ai‡e Ges Suggestions e‡· KvQvKvwQ mwVK
K‡qKwU kã †`Lv‡e|
Ignore All - hw` cÖ_gevi Ignore Gi cwie‡Z© Ignore All evU‡b wK¬K Kiv n‡Zv
Z‡e f~j kãwU hZeviB _vK bv †Kb kãwU Avi ai‡Zv bv|
Add to Dictionary - Ignore All Gi cwie‡Z© Add to Dictionary evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j
kãwU ¯’vqxfv‡e wWKkbvix‡Z †_‡K †hZ Ges eZ©gvb WKz‡g›Umn File>New
KgvÛ w`‡q Word G †Lvjv Ab¨ †Kvb WKz‡g‡›UAvi GBkãwU fzj wnmv‡e ai‡e
bv| j¶¨ Kwi Grammar fzj †jLv‡K meyR i‡Oi gvK©mn ai‡e|
Change - WvqvjM e‡·i evgw`K †_‡K mwVK kãwU wK¬K K‡i wm‡j± K‡i Ges
Wvb w`K †_‡K Change evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j mwVK kã em‡e |
Change All - WvqvjM e‡·i evgw`K †_‡K mwVK kãwU wK¬K K‡i wm‡j± K‡i
Ges Wvb w`K †_‡K Change All evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j WKz‡g‡›UGKB kã hZ¸‡jv
Av‡Q me¸‡jv mwVK kã em‡e|
Auto Correct - WvqvjM e· †_‡K Auto Correct evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j Select nIqv
kãwU A‡Uv‡gwUK mwVK n‡q hv‡e| A‡bK mgq †`Lv hvq †Kvb fzj k‡ãi Rb¨
Suggestions e‡· wKQy mwVK kã †`Iqv Av‡Q wKš‘ †hwU cÖ‡qvRb †mwU bvB
†m †¶‡Î WKz‡g‡›U wK¬K K‡i mwVK kãwU wj‡L w`‡Z n‡e|


kã cwieZ©b ev Replace Kiv:
GZ¶Y WKz‡g‡›Ui ga¨ †_‡K wbw`©ó †Kvb kã Ly‡R †ei Kivi cÖwµqv †`Ljvg|
GB Ly‡R †ei Kiv kãwU gy‡Q †djv ev e`jv‡bv BZ¨vw`i `iKvi n‡Z cv‡i|
Steps
WKz‡g‡›Ui(dvB‡ji) ïi“‡Z wK¬K K‡i Kvm©i ivwL|
1. †gby †_‡K Home Ribon Gi GK`g †k‡li KgvÛMÖ“c Editing KgvÛMÖ“‡ci cÖ_g
Ackb Replace G wK¬K Kwi| (Ctrl+F/Alt+E, E) Find and Replace WvqvjM e·
Avm‡e|
2. Replace U¨ve wm‡j± bv _vK‡j wK¬K K‡i wm‡j± Kwi|
3. Find What †U·U e‡· Patna UvBc Kwi|
4. Replace With †U·U e‡· Pabna UvBc Kwi|




5. Find Next evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j cÖ_g Patna kãwU nvBjvBU (Block) n‡e Ges
Kgv‡Ûi Rb¨ Kvm©i A‡c¶v Ki‡e|
6. Replace evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j cÖ_g Patna kãwU Pabna kã Øviv cÖwZ¯’vwcZ
(Replace) n‡e Ges cieZ©x Patna kãwU nvBjvBU n‡e| Gfv‡e Replace evU‡b
wK¬K Ki‡Z _vK‡j nvBjvBU kãwU cwiewZ©Z n‡q Kvm©i cieZ©x k‡ã †h‡Z
_vK‡e| Replace All evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j evKx mg¯— Patna kã iƒcvš—wiZ n‡q
Pabna n‡q hv‡e Ges WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|
7. †k‡l OK evU‡b wK¬K K‡i A_ev gvSc‡_ WKz‡g‡›U wd‡i Avm‡Z PvB‡j
Cancel evU‡b wK¬K K‡i WKz‡g‡›U wd‡i Avwm|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶vi bvg: wKfv‡e bZzb †Uwej ˆZix Kiv Kiv hvq, †Uwe‡j bZzb †iv,
bZzb Kjvg †hvM Kiv hvq, †mj gvR© I †mj w¯úwjU Kiv hvq?
bZzb †Uwej ˆZix:
1. †gby †_‡K Insert Ribon †_‡K Table KgvÛMÖ“c G wK¬K Kwi Wªc WvDb
†gby Avm‡e|




2. GLvb †_‡K Dc‡ii †_‡K B”QvgZ Ni wb‡q †Uwej ˆZwi Kiv hvq A_ev Insert
Table… KgvÛ w`B| Avcbvi mvg‡b Insert Table WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|




3. GLb Number of Columns Gi Wvbw`‡Ki N‡i 5 UvBc Kwi (A_ev Ea©gyLx
A¨v‡iv‡Z wK¬K K‡i 5 Avwb A_ev Number of Columns Gi †U·U e‡· 5 UvBc Kwi|
4. Avevi Number of Rows Gi Wvbw`‡Ki N‡i 4 UvBc Kwi (A_ev EaŸ©gyLx
A¨v‡iv †Z wK¬K K‡i 4 Avwb A_ev Number of Rows Gi †U·U e‡· 4 UvBc Kwi|
5. †k‡l OK evU‡b wK¬K Kwi| 5 wU Kjvg Ges 4 wU Row (Line) mn GKwU
†Uwej Avm‡e|




†Uwe‡j WvUv ms‡hvRb:
†Uwe‡j WvUv ms‡hvR‡bi mgq hw` †m‡ji †_‡K WvUv eo nq, Z‡e †U·wU
†f‡O c‡ii jvB‡b P‡j hvq| G Ae¯’vq `yBwU Kjv‡gi gv‡Si jvB‡b Kvm©i Avb‡j
GKwU wØgyLx Zxi wP‡ý cwiYZ ( ) nq| GB mgq wK¬K K‡i gvDm evUb WªvM
Ki‡j Kjv‡gi ev cÖwZwU †m‡ji cÖk¯’Zv †e‡o hv‡e| j¶¨ Kwi †Uwe‡j wb‡goevv³
WvUv mshy³ Kwi|
Sl. No.         Name           Address        Title          Salary
1               Bappi          Dhaka          Officer        14000
2               Asma           Khulna         Peon           30000
3               Toma           Rajbari        Director       15000

bZzb Row †hvM Kiv:
†Uwej ˆZix K‡i †djvi ci bZzb GK ev GKvwaK Row `iKvi n‡Z cv‡i| wb‡Pi
KgvÛ¸‡jv cÖ‡qvM Kwi|
Steps
1. †h Row i Dc‡i bZzb Row `iKvi †mLv‡b Kvm©i ivwL| g‡b Kwi 2q Row †Z
Kvm©i ivLjvg|
2. †gby †_‡K Table Tools Gi Layout Ribon wm‡j± Kwi| Rows & Columns
KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Insert Above G wK¬K Kwi|
3. 2 b¤^i Row †Z bZzb GKwU Row ˆZix n‡e Ges Av‡Mi 2 b¤^i Row wU GLb 3
b¤^i Row †Z Ae¯’vb Ki‡e|



Sl. No.     Name         Address          Sl. No.   Name      Address
1           Jafrin       Kushtia          1         Jafrin    Kushtia
2           Jaami        Panti
3           Saami        Kushtia
                                          2         Jaami     Panti
            Av‡M                                              c‡i

bZzb Column †hvM Kiv:
GKBfv‡e †Uwej ˆZix nevi ci g‡b n‡Z cv‡i bZzb GK ev GKvwaK Column `iKvi|
wb‡Pi KgvÛ j¶¨ Kwi|
1. †h Column G bZzb Column ˆZix Ki‡Z Pvb Kvm©i †mB Column G ivwL| g‡b
Kwi 2 b¤^i Column G Kvm©i ivLv n‡jv|
2. †gby †_‡K Table Tools Gi Layout Ribon wm‡j± Kwi| Rows & Columns
KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Insert Left G wK¬K Kwi|
3. 2 bs Column G bZzb GKwU Column ˆZix n‡e Ges 2 b¤^i Column wU 3 b¤^i
Column G Ae¯’vb Ki‡e|
Sl. No.    Name      Address
1          Jafrin    Kushtia             Sl. No.             Name
2          Jaami     Panti
                                         1                   Jafrin
3          Saami     Kushtia
              Av‡M                       2                c‡iJaami

                                        3                    Saami
Cell †hvM Kiv:
Row ev Column G gZB †Uwej ˆZixi ci Cell †hvM Kivi `iKvi n‡Z c‡i| wb‡Pi KgvÛ
j¶¨ Kwi|
Steps
1. †hLv‡b Cell †hvM Ki‡Z Pvb †mB Cell G Kvm©i ivwL (GKvwaK Cell Gi †¶‡Î
wbw`©ó cwigvb Cell Bolck Kwi)
2. †gby †_‡K Table Tools Gi Layout Ribon wm‡j± Kwi| Rows & Columns KgvÛ
MÖ“c Gi wb‡Pi Wvbw`‡Ki †QvU evU‡b wK¬K Kwi| Insert Cell WvqvjM e·
Avm‡e|




4. Shift cells down wm‡j± K‡i OK Kwi| bZzb GKwU Cell ˆZix n‡e Ges Kvm©i
Aew¯’Z Row Gi wb‡P GKwU bZzb Cell †`Lv hv‡e| A_©vr Kvm©i Aew¯’Z Cell
G GKwU bZzb Cell †hvM n‡q‡Q Ges Ab¨vb¨ Cell ¸‡jv 1 Uv K‡i Row (line)
wb‡P †b‡g †M‡Q|



             Av‡M                      c‡i
Cell, Row ev Column gy‡Q †djv:
†Uwej ˆZix nevi ci †Kvb Cell ev Row ev Column †K AwZwi³ g‡b n‡Z cv‡i Ges
gy‡Q †djvi `iKvi n‡Z cv‡i| wb‡Pi KgvÛ j¶¨ Kwi|
1. †h Cell gyQ‡Z Pvb †mB Cell G, A_ev †h Row ev Column gyQ‡Z PvB, †mB
Row ev Column Gi †h †Kvb Cell G Kvm©i ivwL|
2. Rows & Columns KgvÛMÖ“c Gi cÖ_g Uzj Detele evU‡b wK¬K wm‡j± Kwi|
†gby Avm‡e Delete Cells…wm‡j± Kwi| Delete Cells WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|




3. †h †Kvb GKwU Ackb wm‡j± K‡i OK Ki‡Z n‡e|

Table Gi Cell †K Marge (mshy³) Kiv:
†Uwej ˆZixi mgq m‡e©v”P KZwU Row ev Column `iKvi Zv Av‡MB wba©viY
K‡i †Uwej ˆZix Ki‡Z n‡e| g‡b Kwi GKwU †Uwe‡j 5wU Row Ges 5wU Column
Av‡Q| wKš‘ †k‡li Row Ges †k‡li Column Gi RvqMv Ab¨¸‡jvi Zzjbvq wظb| Aci
w`‡K †Uwe‡j cÖwZwU Cell Gi gvc GKB _v‡K| myZivs G‡¶‡Î †gvU 6wU Row
Ges 6wU Column ˆZix Ki‡Z n‡e Ges c‡i me©‡kl `yBwU Row †K wm‡j± K‡i
mshy³ (Marge) Ki‡Z n‡e|
1. †h Cell ¸‡jv‡K Marge (mshy³) Ki‡Z PvB †m¸wj Block/Select Kwi| (Mouse
WªvM K‡i ev Kx‡evW© †_‡KShift+ArrowKx †cÖm K‡i)
2. Marge KgvÛMÖ“c Gi cÖ_g Uzj Marge Cells evU‡b wK¬K wm‡j± Kwi|
j¶¨ Kwi †m Cell ¸‡jv Select/Block Kiv wQj †m¸wj Marge n‡q GKwU Cell G cwiYZ
n‡q‡Q|
Table Gi Cell †K Split (wef³) Kiv:
A‡bK mgq †Uwe‡ji †Kvb eo Cell †K wef³ K‡i GKvwaK Cell-G iƒcvš—wiZ Kivi
`iKvi nq| e¨vcviwU Marge Gi wVK D‡ëv| Split Ki‡Z wb‡Pi KgvÛ¸‡jv cÖ‡qvM
Kwi|
1. †h Cell ev Cell ¸‡jv‡K Split Ki‡Z Pvb †mB Cell/Cells †K wm‡j± (Block) Kwi|




2. Marge KgvÛMÖ“c Gi wØZxq Uzj Split Cells evU‡b wK¬K wm‡j± Kwi| Split
Cells WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|




GLvb †_‡K cÖwZwU Cell †K KqwU Column Ges KqwU Row †Z wef³ Ki‡Z PvB
†mB msL¨v wjL‡Z n‡e| cÖwZwU Cell †K Avgiv 3 wU Kjv‡g Ges 2 wU Row †Z
wef³ Ki‡ev|
3. Split Cells e‡·i Number of Column As‡k 3 UvBc Kwi (A_ev EaŸ©gyLx Zxi G
wK¬K Kwi) Ges Number of Row As‡k 2 UvBc Kwi|




4. †k‡l OK Kwi ev Kx‡evW© †_‡K Enter †cÖm Kwi| j¶¨ Kwi Block Kiv Cell ¸‡jv
2wU Row Ges 3wU Column G wef³ n‡q‡Q|
cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................

cix¶vi bvg: wKfv‡e †gBj gvR Kiv hvq?

K. WvUv‡eR dvBj ˆZix
GLb Avgiv Word Gi †Uwej KgvÛ e¨envi K‡i wewfbœ e¨w³i bvg, wVKvbv
BZ¨vw` m¤^wjZ GKwU WvUv‡eR dvBj ˆZix K‡i Address2 bv‡g †mf K‡i ivL‡ev|
Excel ev Access w`‡q ˆZix K‡i ivLv WvUv‡eR‡KI Word dvB‡ji mv‡_ Mail Merge
Kiv hvq|

Steps
   1. Quick Access Uzjevi †_‡K Office evU‡b wK¬K K‡i New wm‡j± Kwi| New
      Document WvqvjM e· Avm‡j GLvb †_‡K Blank Document Ackb wm‡j±
      K‡i Create evU‡b wK¬K GKwU bZzb dvBj Avm‡e|
   2. †gby †_‡K Insert Ribon wm‡j± Kwi| GLvb Table evU‡b wK¬K K‡i A_ev
      Table evU‡bi Insert KgvÛ w`b| Insert Table WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|
   3. Number of Column e‡· 5 Ges Number of Rows †U·U e‡· 6 UvBc K‡i OK
      Kwi| 5wU Kjvg Ges 6wU mvwimn GKwU Table Avm‡e|

wb‡Pi †Uwe‡ji gZ ûeyû WvUv w`‡q c~Y© Kwi|




4. FilewU Address2 bv‡g †mf Kwi| †k‡l dvBjwU Close Kwi|

L. g~j wPwVwU ˆZix Kiv
Steps
1. AveviI †gby †_‡K Office G wK¬K K‡i New wm‡j± Kwi| New Document
WvqvjM e‡· Create evU‡b wK¬K Kwi| GKwU bZzb dvBj Avm‡e|
2. WKz‡g‡›UicÖ_‡g 7/8 evi Kx †evW© †_‡K Enter Kx †cÖm K‡i duvKv ivLyb
Ges wb‡Pi wPwVwU ûeyû wjLyb|
3. Main letter bvg w`‡q dvBjwU †mf Kwi|

M. g~j wPwVi cÖ‡qvRbxq As‡k gvR© wdì †hvM Kiv
   1. Main letter bv‡gi WKz‡g‡›UicÖ_g dvuKv jvB‡b wK¬K K‡i Kvm©i ivwL|
   2. GLb †gby †_‡K Mailings Ribon wm‡j± K‡i Start Mail Merge KgvÛMÖ“c
       †_‡K Start Mail Merge Ack‡b wK¬K K‡i Letters KgvÛ w`B|




   3. Start Mail Merge KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Select recipients Ack‡b wK¬K Kwi Wªc
      Wv‡b †gby Avm‡e | wb‡P wjó †_‡K Use Exiting List Ackb wm‡j± Kwi|




   4. Select Data Source WvqvjM e· Avm‡e|
5. GLvb †_‡K Address2 dvBjwU (mvaviYZ C:\My Document †dvìv‡i _vK‡e)
   wm‡j± K‡i Open evU‡b wK¬K Kwi|
6. Start Mail Merge KgvÛMÖ“c †_‡K Edit Recipient List Ack‡b wK¬K Kwi
   Mail Merge Recipient WvqvjM e· Avm‡e| GLv‡b me wVKvbv¸wj Field mn
   †`Lv hv‡e|




7. OK evU‡b wK¬K Kwi|

8. Write & Insert Field KgvÛMÖ“‡c Address book, Greeting line, Insert Merge
   Field Rules, Match Fields BZ¨vw` †gvU 5wU AvB‡Ug Active _vK‡e|

9. GLvb †_‡K Insert Merge Field †jLv‡Z wK¬K Kwi| Wªc WvDb †gby
    Avm‡e|
10. WKz‡g‡›Ui cÖ_g jvB‡b Kvm©i Av‡Q wbwðZ n‡q wbb|
11. Wªc WvD‡bi Name wdì wK¬K K‡i wm‡j± Kwi|




12. cÖ_g jvB‡b <<Name>> wdì e‡m hv‡e|
   13. 15. Kx †evW© †_‡K GKevi Enter Kx †cÖm Kwi| Kvm©i WKz‡g‡›U
       cieZ©x jvB‡b Ae¯’vb Ki‡e|
   14. AveviI Insert Merge Field evU‡b wK¬K K‡i GKB cÖwμqvq VillStreet wdì
       wm‡j± K‡i Kx †evW© †_‡K GKevi Enter Kx †cÖm Kwi| Kvm©i
       WKz‡g‡›UicieZ©x jvB‡b Ae¯’vb Ki‡e|




   15. AveviI Insert Merge Field evU‡b wK¬K K‡i GKB cÖwμqvq Post wdì
       wm‡j± K‡i Kx †evW© †_‡K GKevi Enter Kx †cÖm Kwi| Kvm©i
       WKz‡g‡›Ui cieZ©x jvB‡b Ae¯’vb Ki‡e|
   16. †k‡l AveviI Insert Merge Field evU‡b wK¬K K‡i Dist AvB‡Ug WKz‡g‡›U
       Avbyb | WKz‡g‡›U†gvU 4wU wdì Avbv n‡jv|




   17. GLb wPwV‡Z evKx wd츇jv ms‡hvRb Ki‡ev|
   18. wPwV‡Z Dear †jLvi Wvbcv‡k wK¬K K‡i Kvm©i ivLyb Ges Insert Marge
       Field evU‡b wK¬K K‡i Avevi Name Ackb wm‡j± Kwi|




†k‡l Preview Results KgvÛMÖ“‡ci Preview Results Ackb wK¬K Kwi| Preview
Results KgvÛMÖ“‡ci Preview Results Ack‡bi Wvbw`‡K Aew¯’Z Wvbw`KgyLx ev
evgw`KgyLx A¨v‡iv‡Z wK¬K K‡i cieZ©x ev c‚e©eZx WvUv †`Lv hv‡e|
N. g~j wPwV Ges WvUv‡eR gvR© Kiv
   1. †k‡l Mailings wie‡bi me‡kl Finish KgvÛMÖ“‡ci Finish & Merge Ack‡b
       wK¬K K‡i wb‡Pi wjó †_‡K Edit Individual Documents... Ack‡b wK¬K
       Kwi|
  2. Merge to New Document WvqvjM e· Avm‡j Merge records Ack‡b All
     wm‡j± _vKv Ae¯’vq OK evU‡b wK¬K Kwi| Mail Merge m¤ú~Y© n‡e|




GLb GKvwaK c„ôv m¤^wjZ WKz‡g‡›Ui cÖwZwU c„ôvq cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki ¯^¯^ bvg,
wVKvbvmn GKwU bZzb WKz‡g›U ˆZix n‡e| cÖ‡qvR‡b wcÖ›U KgvÛ w`‡q
dvBjwU wcÖ›U K‡i wb‡Z cv‡ib| †k‡l dvBjwU †mf Kwi|
Kw¤úDUvi i¶Yv‡e¶Y
cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................
cix¶‡Yi bvg : BIOS G 1st Boot Device ‡mUvc Kivi c×wZ

D‡Ïk¨ t ey‡Uej d¬wc wW¯‹/wmwW wW¯‹/wWwfwW wW¯‹ ev †cb WªvBf †Z‡K
eyU Kivi Rb¨ BIOS Gi †mUvc e`jv‡bv |
ZË¡ t bbe¨Û wcwmMy‡jv‡Z mvaviYZ Pvi ai‡bi BIOS n‡q _v‡K| AWARD BIOS,
AMIBIOS, MICROID BIOS Ges Phoenix BIOS | Kw¤úDUvi Pvjy nevi kyi“‡ZB
AWARD BIOS, AMIBIOS Gi Rb¨ Del Kx Ges Phoenix BIOS Rb¨ F2 Kx †P‡c
BIOS ‡mUv‡c †h‡Z nq| e¨vÛ wcwmi BIOS G Zv‡`i wbR¯^ wbq‡g cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z
I †mUvc Ki‡Z nq| Z‡e †h wbq‡gB cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z †nvb bv ‡KbZv Kw¤úDUvi Pvjy
nIqvi ïi“‡Z c`©vq †`Lv hvq| cÖwZwU BIOS G Zv‡`i wbR¯^ c×wZ‡Z †mUAvc
Ki‡Z nq|
wb‡P K‡qKwUi D`vniY †`qv n‡jv t
  BIOS Gi aiY              BIOS G cÖ‡ek      eyU †mUAv‡ci Avmvi
                                             Dcvq
  AWARD BIOS               DELL              Adbanced BIOS Feature
  AMIBIOS                  DELL              Boot
  Phoenix BIOS             F2                BIOS Features Setup
                           F2                F12

Kh© c×wZ : Kw¤úDUvi Pvjy nevi kyi“‡ZB AWARD BIOS, AMIBIOS Gi Rb¨
Del Kx Ges Phoenix BIOS Gi Rb¨ F2 Kx †P‡c BIOS ‡mUAv‡c †h‡Z nq|

AMIBIOS ‡¶‡Î BIOS ‡mUAv‡c cÖek

Boot U¨v‡e †h‡q 1st Boot Device ‡mUAv‡c cwieZ©b Ki‡Z n‡e|
AMIBIOS Gi Rb¨1st Boot Device wbav©iY I †mBf Kiv|
DELL1st Boot Device wbav©Y
1st Boot Device ‡mUAv‡c cwieZ©b Ki‡Z n‡j wbR¯^ wbq‡g Save K‡i wbqg †g‡b
BIOS ‡_‡K †ei n‡q †M‡jB BIOUS ‡_‡K †ei n‡q †M‡jB Boot 1st Boot Device
‡mUAv‡c cwieZ©b Kivi KvR †kl nq| GLb ey‡Uej d¬wc wW¯‹/wmwW
wW¯‹/wWwfwW wW¯‹ ev †cbWªvBf w`‡q Kw¤úDUvi eyU Kivi Rb¨ cÖ¯—yZ
nq|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................
cix¶‡Yi bvg : Wm cvwU©kb Kivi c×wZ

D‡Ïk¨ t Fdisk e¨envi K‡i Wm cvwU©kvb Kiv|
ZË¡ t cy‡e© Wm Avcv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi mvnv‡h¨ nvW©wW¯‹ cvwU©kb Kivi
n‡Zv| DBb‡WvR 98 ev ME fvm©‡bi eyU wW¯‹My‡jv‡Z GB ai‡bi KvR Kivi Rb¨
cÖ‡qvRbxq mvdUIq¨vi ‡`qv _v‡K| eZ©gv‡bI ‡KD GB c×wZ‡Z nvW©wW¯‹
cvwU©kb K‡i _v‡Kb| G‡¶‡Î eyUvej wW‡¯‹ FDISK EXE I FORMATCOM dvBj
`y‡Uv _v‡K|
Kvh© c×wZ t DOs prompt G fdisk wj‡L G›Uvi w`‡j wb‡Pi g‡Zv GKwU g¨v‡mR
cvIqv hvq-
Ò Y Ó wbe©vPb Ki‡j fdisk ‡gby cvIqv †h‡e|
GB †gby †_‡K 1. Create DOS partition or Cogical DOS dirive AckbwU wm‡j± Ki‡j
Av‡iwU †gby cvIqv †hv‡e
GB †gby †_‡K 1. . Create primary DOS partition AckbwU wbe©vPb Ki‡j bZzb
Av‡iKwU †gby cvIqv hv‡e|
G‡¶‡Î nvW©wW‡¯‹i m‡ev©”P mvBR wb‡q cvwU©kvb ˆZwi Ki‡e wKbv Zv
Rvb‡Z PvB‡e|
nvW©wW‡¯‹ GKwU gvÎ WªvBf ˆZwi Kivi Rb¨ Ò Y Ó UvBc Ki‰i cvwU©kb
mvd‡j¨i mv‡_ ˆZwi n‡q Av‡iKwU †gbyi mvnv‡h¨ Rvbv‡bv n‡e| C: wn‡m‡e
wPwýZ n‡e|
hw` GKvwaK WªvBf ˆZwi Kivi B”Qv _v‡K †m †¶‡Î Ò Y Ó UvBc bv K‡i ÒNÓ
UvBc K‡i C WªvBf nvW©wW‡¯‹i KZ kZvsk wb‡q ˆZwi n‡e Zv Rbv‡Z PvB‡e
Ges †mB cwigvY RvqMv wb‡q Wm cvwU©kb (hv C WªvBf wn‡m‡e wPwýZ
n‡e) ˆZix n‡e|
nvW©wW‡¯‹i evwK Ask w`‡q bb-Wm cvwU©kb ˆZwi Kivi Rb¨ ESC evU‡b
Pvc‡j cybivq FDISK Option ‡gby Avm‡e|
‡mLv‡b Create Dos partition or Logical DOS Drive wm‡j± Ki‡Z 1 wm‡j± Ki‡j †h
†gbywU cvIqv hv‡e-
‡mLv‡b Create Extended DOS Partition wm‡j± Kivi Rb¨ 2 †cÖm Ki‡j †h †gbywU
cvIqv hv‡e †mLv‡b cieZx© WªvB‡fi kZvsg wba©viY K‡i G›Uvi †cÖm Ki‡j 1g
Create Dos partition wU ˆZwi n‡e| GB fv‡e cÖ‡qvRbxq GKvwaK WªvBf ˆZwi
Kivi ci `yevi ESC Kx †P‡c FDISK ‡_‡K †ei n‡q Avm‡Z n‡e| Ges Kw¤úDUvi
wi÷ªvU© Ki‡Z n‡e|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................
cix¶‡Yi bvg : di‡gwUsmn BD‡ÛvR †m‡fb Bb÷jkb

D‡Ïk¨ t di‡gwUs DB‡ÛvR †m‡fb BÝUj Ki
ZË¡ t DB‡ÛvR †m‡fb DB‡Ûv‡Ri me©‡lk ms¯‹iY| `yÔiKvg DB‡ÛvR 7
eZ©gv‡b cÖPwjZ -(K) 32 weU DB‡ÛvR Ges (L) 64 weU DB‡ÛvR 7|

       b~Y¨Zg wm‡÷g wi‡Kvqvi‡g›U
K)     32 weU DB‡ÛvR 7                L) 64 weU DB‡ÛvR 7
i.     1 wMMvnvU©R 32 weU cÖ‡mmi      i. 1 wMMvnvU©R 64 weU cÖ‡mmi
ii.     16 wMMvnvU©R wd« nvW©wW¯‹     ii. 20 MMvnvU©R wd« nvW©wW¯‹
iii.   1 wMMvevBU i¨vg                iii. 2 wMMvevBU i¨vg
iv.    128 †gMvevBU †g‡gvwimn Wv‡i±   iv. 128 †gMvevBU †g‡gvwimn Wv‡i±

G· 9-Gi mg_©b                         G· 9-Gi mg_©b
v. wWwfwW R/W WªvBf                   v. wWwfwW R/W WªvBf

Kvh© c×wZ : DB‡ÛvR 7 AcvwiwUs †m‡÷g BwÝUj-Gi avc t

1.ey‡Uej wmwW wW¯‹/wWwfwW wWm& ev †cbWªvBf †_‡K eyU ivi Rb¨ BIOS
| Gi †mUAvc e`jv‡bv | (c~‡e© G wel‡q Av‡jvPbv Kiv n‡q‡Q|)
2. ey‡Uej wW¯‹wU Kw¤úDUv‡i ms‡hvM w`‡q Kw¤úDUviwU wi÷vU© Kiv|
3. eywUs cÖwµqv ïi“ n‡e Ges wKQz dvBj †jvW Ki‡Z kyiy Ki‡e|
4. Av‡jvi SjKvwb †iLv ‡`Lv w`‡q DB‡ÛvR ÷vU© nvevi cÖwµqv kyiy n‡e|
DB‡ÛvR 7 Gi ‡jv‡Mv ax‡i ax‡i †`Lv hv‡e|
5. wKQz¶Y ci evmv wbe©vPb Kivi Ackb cvIqv hv‡e|
6. wb‡Pi DB‡ÛvwU cvIqv †M‡j †mLv‡b Install Now evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
7. Gi ci jvB‡mÝ AvB‡Ug cvIqv hv‡e| GLv‡b 1 acept the license terms wm‡j± K‡i
Nest evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
8. Installation Gi aib wK n‡e Zv wbe©vPb Kivi Rb¨ DB‡Ûv cvIqv hv‡e|
9. GLv‡b Custom (Advance) wm‡j± Ki †Kvb WªvB‡f BÝUj Ki‡Z PvB †m Ackb
cvIqv hv‡e| c~‡e© cvwU©kb I di‡gwUs Kiv bv _vK‡j Drive options (Advances)
 wbe©vPb Ki‡i Zv Kiv hv‡e|
10. †m Rb¨ Drive options (Advances) wbe©vPb Kivi ci Format        Nest   Ok
wbe©vPb Ki‡Z n‡e|
11. dvBj Kwc nIqv ïi“ n‡e Ges DB‡ÛvR BÝUj cÖwµqv Pj‡Z _vK‡e| cÖwZwU
cÖ‡mm m¤úbœ nIqvi ci evg w`‡K wUK wUý †`Kv hv‡e|
12. K‡qK wgwbU c‡i dvBjMy‡jv B·Uª¨v± nIqvi ci Kw¤úDUv‡i wb‡R wb‡R
wi÷vU© n‡e|
13. cybivq eyU nevi ci BÝU‡jkb Pj‡Z _vK‡e| G ch©v‡q DB‡ÛvR †m‡fb
mvwe©mgm~n Pvjy n‡e|
14. Kw¤úDUviwU Avevi wi÷vU© nevi ci cvIqv hv‡e| BDRvi †bg I Kw¤úDUvi
bvg †`qvi DB‡Ûv|
15. Next evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j cvmIqvW© †`evi DB‡Ûv cvIqv hv‡e| cvmIqvW©
w`‡Z bv PvB‡j wKQy bv wj‡L Next evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
16. Gevi DB‡ÛvR cÖWv± Kx PvB‡e| Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷gwUi mv‡_ mieivn Kiv
†cÖvWv± Kx wj‡L w`‡Z n‡e| Next evU‡b wK¬K Ki‡j Microsoft Window Updates
‡g_W Rvb‡Z PvB‡e| GLv‡b Ask me Later wbe©vPb K‡i †`Iqv fvj|
17. Gi ci †bUIqvK© †mwUs‡mi DBRvW© cvIqv hv‡e| cÖ‡qvRbxq
†bUIqvK©wU wm‡j± K‡i †`‡j †bUIqvK© ˆZwi kyi“ n‡e|
18. DB‡ÛvR †m‡f‡bi hveZxq †mwUs‡mi KvR m¤úbœ KvR m¤úbœ Kivi
evZ©v †`Lv‡e|
19. I‡qjKvR w¯Œb cvIqv hv‡e|
20. ‡W·UcwU ˆZwi nevi cÖwµqv ïi“ n‡e Ges wKQz¶Y ci †W·Uc w¯Œb †`Lv
hv‡e| Gi mv‡_ †kl n‡e| DB‡ÛvR ‡m‡fb Gi BÝU‡jkb cÖwµqv|
cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................
cix¶‡Yi bvg : WªvBf wWd«vM‡g›U Kiv

D‡Ïk¨ t †h †Kvb WªvBf wWd«vM‡g›U Kiv|
ZË¡ t Kw¤úDUv‡ii ¯’vqxfv‡e dvBjMy‡jv Avgiv nvW©wW‡¯‹ †mBf K‡i ivwL|
wewfbœ mg‡q KvR Kivi d‡j nvW©wW‡¯‹i dvBj¸‡jv web¨vm n‡q G‡jv‡g‡jv
n‡q hvq| ‡h Kvi‡Y dvBj G‡·m Ki‡Z mgq †ewk jv‡M| dvB‡ji web¨vm
myweb¨¯— ivLvi Rb¨ wW¯‹‡K wWd«vM‡g›U Kiv DwPZ| wWd«vM‡g›U Gi
gva¨‡g dvBj¸‡jv‡K DB‡ÛvR mvwR‡q ¸wQ‡q iv‡L| Kw¤úDUv‡ii Kv‡Ri MwZ
wVK ivLvi Rb¨ GwU Myi“Z¡c~Y© f~wgKv iv‡L| wbqwgZ wWd«vM‡g›U Ki‡j
dvBj `ª“Z I‡cb nq| wW¯‹ wWd«vM‡g›U `ywU Dcv‡q Pvjy Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i|
1| System Tools ‡_‡K|
2| Properites WvqjM e· †_‡K|
Kvh© c×wZ t
1| System Toos ‡_‡K wWd«¨vM‡g‡›Ui¨kb cÖwµqv kyi“ Kivi avc ¸‡jv wbgœiyc t
Start----Accessories-----System-----Disk Defragmenter wm‡j± Ki‡j Defragment
DB‡Ûv cvIqv hv‡e|
2| Properites WvqjM e· †_‡K
   K) †W·U‡ci My Computer Gi AvBK‡b Wvej wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
   L) †h WªvB‡fi wWd«¨M‡g›Ukb Ki‡Z n‡e †m WªvBf gvDm c‡q›Uvi †i‡L
Wvb evUb wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
   M) AvMZ ccAvc †gby †_‡K Properites G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
   N) Properites WvqjM e· Av‡m‡j †mLv‡b Tool U¨v‡e wK¬K K‡i Defragment
Now wm‡j± Ki‡j Defragment DB‡Ûv cvIqv hv‡e|
wWd«¨vM‡g›U cÖwµqv
 Defragment DB‡Ûv‡Z Kvw•¶Z WªvBfwU wm‡j± K‡i Defragment disk evU‡b
wK¬K Ki‡j wWd«vM‡g›U kyiy n‡e| cÖ_‡g A¨vbvjvBwR cÖwµqv m¤úbœ Kivi
ci wWd«vM‡g›U Kiv kyiy Ki‡e Ges cÖ‡MÖm †`Lv hv‡e| wKQz¶Y ci
wWd«¨vM‡g›Ukb †kl nIqvi ci wi‡cvU© †`Kvi Rb¨ bZzb GKwU DB‡Ûv cvIqv
hv‡e| B”Qv Ki‡j wWd«¨vM‡g›Ukb wi‡cvU© GLvb †_‡K †`Lv hvq|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................
cix¶‡Yi bvg : wm‡÷g wi‡÷vi I e¨vKAvc

wm‡÷g wi‡÷vi I e¨vKAvc
 System Restore and Backup
D‡Ïk t wm‡÷g wi‡÷vi I e¨vKAvc Kiv
ZË¡ t wm‡÷g wi‡÷vi Kw¤úDUv‡ii c~‡e©i †Kvb mg‡q †mwUs wd‡i †c‡Z
mvnh¨ K‡i| g~jZ GwU GK ai‡bi undo cÖwµqv| Gi d‡j Kw¤úDUvi †mwUs‡mi
bZzb ms‡hvRbMy‡jv evwZj n‡q †M‡j I e¨w³MZ dvBj †hgb WKz‡g›U, d‡Uv ev
B‡gBj BZ¨vw` †Kvb cwieZ©b nq bv|
cÖvq mgqB †`Lv hvq bZzb K‡i †Kvb †cÖvMÖvg ev WªvBfvi Bb÷j Ki‡j ev
Kw¤úDUvi µvk K‡i ev mgm¨v †`Lv hvq| GKg mg‡q cÖ_g †mB WªvBfwU ev
†cÖvMÖvgwU AvbBbój Kivi civgk© †`qv nq| wKš‘ Zvi ciI hw` mgvavb iv nq
Z‡e wi‡÷vi Kivi cÖ‡qvRb nq | Z‡e wm‡÷g wi‡÷ªvi Ki‡j †Kvb e¨w³MZ dvBj ev
c~‡e© gy‡Q †djv n‡q‡Q Zv wd‡i cvIqv hvq bv| G iKg mgm¨v †_‡K gyw³
cvIqvi Rb¨ File Back up System Gi mvnvh¨ wb‡Z nq|
Kg© c×wZ : System tools ‡_‡K wWcÖvM‡g‡›Ukb cÖwÎqv kyiy Kivi avc¸‡jv
wbgœi~c t
Start-----Accessories------System tools ----- System Restore wm‡j± Ki‡j System
Restore DB‡Ûv cvIqv hv‡e|

System Restore WvqjM e‡· recommended restore wWdë wn‡m‡e wPwýZ _v‡K|
†mwU Dchy³ n‡j Next evU‡b wK¬K K‡i Pzovš— System Restore WvqjM e·
cvIqv hv‡e| DB‡ÛvR 7 Gi ‡¶‡Î wi‡÷vi Ki‡j wK wK †cÖvMÖvg G‡d±U n‡e Zvi
ZvwjKv ‡`Lvi Rb¨ Scan for affected programs G wK¬K Ki‡j ZvwjKv †`Lv hv‡e|
Finish evU‡b wK¬K K‡i wm‡÷g wi‡÷vi Ki‡Z n‡e|




cix¶v bs: .....................
ZvwiL:....................
cix¶‡Yi bvg : wm‡÷g wK¬wbs Kiv

D‡Ïk¨ t wm‡÷g wK¬wbs Kiv|
ZË¡ t wewfbœ KvR Kivi mg‡q wm‡÷g Zvi nvW©wW‡¯‹ wewfbœ ai‡bi dvBj
Rbv K‡i iv‡L| mvaviYZ GB dvBjMy‡jv wm‡÷g cwievjbv †Zgb †Kvb f~wgKv
iv‡L bv| wKš—y RvqMv `Lj K‡i ‡i‡L Kw¤úDUv‡ii axi K‡i †`q| ZvB wbqwgZ
wm‡÷g wK¬wbs Kiv Aek¨K|
 †h me dvBi wK¬wbs K‡i, †m ¸‡jv n‡”Q-
    Dowloded program Filse            Tempory Intermet Files
     Offine Webpage                   Office Setupe Files
    Recycle Bin                         Setup Log Files
    Temporary Files                     Thumbnails
    Per user archived Windows Error Report BZ¨vw`|

Kvh© c×wZ t `ywU Dcv‡q Pvjy Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i -
    1| System Tools ‡_‡K|
    2| Properites WvqjM e· †_‡K|
1| System Tools ‡_‡K
Start-----Accessories------System tools ----- Disk Cleanup wm‡j± Ki‡j Disk Cleanup
DB‡Ûv cvIqv hv‡e|

2| Properites WvqjM e· †_‡K
    K) †W·U‡ci My Computer Gi AvBK‡b Wvej wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
    L) †h WªvB‡fi wWd«¨M‡g›Ukb Ki‡Z n‡e †m WªvBf gvDm c‡q›Uvi †i‡L
Wvb evUb wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
    M) AvMZ ccAvc †gby †_‡K Properites G wK¬K Ki‡Z n‡e|
    N) Properites WvqjM e· Av‡m‡j †mLv‡b General U¨v‡e wK¬K K‡i Disk
Cleanup wm‡j± Ki‡j Disk Cleanup DB‡Ûv cvIqv hv‡e|
Disk Cleanup DB‡Ûv‡Z Disk Cleanup wm‡j± Ki‡j wb‡Pi DBÛwU cvIqv hv‡e|
GLv‡b File to delete ‡_‡K †PK Bb K‡i w`‡q OK wm‡j± Ki‡i wK¬bAvc

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Stats:
views:5
posted:7/26/2012
language:
pages:41
Description: computer practical inter 2nd year