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Mies-van-der-Rohe

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					“REASON IS THE FIRST PRINCIPLE OF
       ALL HUMAN WORK”


“TRUTH IS IN THE SIGNIFCANCE OF FACTS”


            “LESS IS MORE”
             Drawing by Kevin S. and Mike M.




Maria Ludwig Michael Mies was born in 1886 in Aachen,
                     Germany..
•Trained with his father- a master stonemason.

•At 19 moved to Berlin, worked for Bruno Paul, the art nouveau architect
         and furniture designer.
 20 -received his first independent commission, to plan a house for a
         philosopher

•1908- began working for the architect peter Behrens, studied the
        architecture of the Prussian Karl friedrich schinkel and frank
        Lloyd Wright.

•1912- opened his own office in Berlin

•After world war I, began to design skyscrapers
•1921 -friedrichstrasse skyscraper, for a competition, never built,

•1921, changed his name, adding the Dutch 'van der' and his mother’s
        maiden name, 'rohe': ludwig mies became
               ludwig mies van der rohe.
•1927- the barcelona pavilion

•30s, none of his designs were built due to the sweeping economic and political
         changes overtaking germany.

•1930 -1933- Director of the bauhaus school

•1937- Moved to the united states in.

•1938 -1958 -head of the architecture department at the armour institute of
         technology in Chicago, later renamed the illinois institute of technology.
•
1944, he had become an American citizen and became established professionally.
                             ‘Farnsworth house’

•1954 -the 'seagram' building

•1959 the 'orden pour le merite' (germany) and in

•1963 the 'presidential medal of freedom' (USA).

•1960-Recipient of the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal,.

•Died in chicago on august 17, 1969.
         "architektur beginnt, wenn zwei Backsteine sorgfältig
zusammengesetzt werden. architektur ist eine sprache mit der
disziplin einer grammatik, man kann sprache im alltag als prosa
benutzen, und wenn man sehr gut ist, kann man ein dichter sein."

                                                  badly van the raw




                               "architecture begins, if two bricks are built
                      up carefully architecture are a language with the
                      discipline of a grammar, one can language in the
                      everyday life as prosa use, and if one is very good,
                      can one a poet be.“

                                                     Mies van der Rohe
    WHAT DID THIS ARCHITECT DESIGN?

      BUILDINGS                 PLACE                   YEAR


1     Barcelona Pavilion        Barcelona, Spain        1928-1929

2     Crown Hall                Chicago, Illinois       1950 - 1956

3     Farnsworth House          Plano, Illinois,        1946 - 1950.

4     H. Lange House            Krefeld, Germany,       1928

5     Lake Shore Drive Apts     Chicago, Illinois,      1948 - 1951

6     New National Gallery      Berlin, Germany,.       1962 - 1968

7     Seagram Building          New York, New York,     1954 - 1958

8     Tugendhat House           Brno, Czech Republic    1930


    Recipient of the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal, 1960.
WHAT MADE VAN DER ROHE UNIQUE?
•Mies van der Rohe designed buildings using both
       classical and simple forms.

•His early works showcased glass a lot, because he liked
        the look of glass. Glass, stone, water, and steel
        are frequently used in his work. He also used a
        lot of symmetry.

•He paid a lot of attention to the details of his work.

                  "God is in the details,"

•He also liked to say,

 "I need to bring nature, man, and architecture together
                   to design a good building."
          BARCELONA PAVILION

Location                 Barcelona, Spain

Date                     built 1928-1929, demolished 1930
Building Type            exhibition building
Construction System      steel frame with glass and polished
                         stone

Climate                  mediterranean

Context                  urban exposition site

Style                    Modern

Notes                    An Icon of the Modern movement.
                         free plan exemplar. Rebuilt in 1959
                         to the original design.
CROWN HALL

Location              Chicago, Illinois

Date                  1950 to 1956

Building Type         architecture school

Construction System   steel and glass

Climate               temperate

Context               campus

Style                 Modern

Notes                 At the Illinois Institute of
                      Technology. exposed, expressed steel
                      frame, roof suspended from spanning
                      I-beams.
FARNSWORTH HOUSE

Location              Plano, Illinois

Date                  1946 to 1950

Building Type         house
Construction System   steel frame with glass

Climate               temperate

Context               rural

Style                 Modern

Notes                 International Style exemplar;
                      glass and steel house hovers
                      in meadow
NEW NATIONAL GALLERY

Location              Berlin, Germany

Date                  1962 to 1968

Building Type         Exhibition building

Construction System   steel frame with coffered rib
                      roof

Climate               temperate

Context               urban

Style                 Modern

Notes                 grid structural plan, "free plan"
                      interior, continuous space
 SEAGRAM BUILDING



Location              New York

Date                  1954 to 1958

Building Type         skyscraper, commercial office tower

Construction System   steel frame with curtain wall, bronze
                      exterior "columns"

Climate               temperate

Context               urban

Style                 Modern

Notes                 Eloquent structural expression in
                      facade which is ornamental rather
                      than literal.
WEISSENHOF APARTMENTS

Location              Stuttgart, Germany

Date                  1927


Building Type         apartment housing

Construction System   stucco exterior

Climate               temperate


Context               suburban


Style                 Modern

Notes                 Prototype low-cost apartments
                      in the International Style
NEW NATIONAL GALLERY
SEAGRAM BUILDING
CROWN HALL




     MIES OVER MODEL OF CROWN HALL
              BARCELONA PAVILION




Built in 1886-1969 as the German national pavilion for the 1929
Barcelona International Exhibition.
Materials Used
Glass, travertine and different kinds of marble.
The Pavilion was conceived to accommodate the official
       reception presided over by King Alphonso XIII of Spain
       along with the German authorities.


After the closure of the Exhibition, the Pavilion was
        disassembled in 1930.
PLAN
RECONSTRUCTION




Work began in 1983 and the new building was opened on its original
      site in 1986.

The materials
       Glass, steel and four different kinds of marble
(Roman travertine, green Alpine marble, ancient green marble from
Greece and golden onyx from the Atlas Mountains) were used for the
reconstruction, all of the same characteristics and provenance as the
ones originally employed by Mies in 1929.
FARNSWORTH HOUSE




Structure - precast concrete floor and roof slabs supported by
             crafted steel skeleton frame of beams, girders and
             columns.
Facade - single panes of glass spanning from floor to
            ceiling, fastened to the structural system by steel
            mullions.
GENERAL VIEWS
CONSTRUCTION IMAGES




  INTERIOR VIEWS
DECK




STAIRS
      BEAM AND COLUMN CONNECTIONS




CORNER DETAILS
                      West Elevation with Details
Site Plan



                      South Elevation

First Floor Plan
                      Longitudinal Section - Nort



Heating System Plan

                      Transverse Section - West


Rendered Elevation
                      Transverse Section - East
FURNITURES
                        List of winners
            European Union Prize for Contemporary
             Architecture Mies van der Rohe Award
      2003                                      2002




Car Park and Terminus                Scharnhauser Park Town Hall
Hoenheim North                       Ostfildern, Germany
Estrasburg, France                   Jürgen Mayer H.
Zaha Hadid
                                                 2000
     2001



Kursaal Centre                     Kaufmann Holz AG Distribution Centre
San Sebastián, Spain               Bobingen, Germany
Rafael Moneo                       Florian Nagler
BOOKS ON MIES VAN DER ROHE

             Mies van der Rohe at Work
             By Peter Carter, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,
             1999


       The Master Builders : Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe,
       Frank Lloyd Wright
       By Peter Blake, 1996




      Mies van der Rohe
      By Werner Blaser, 1997
Mies van der Rohe, Lake Shore Drive Apartments :
High-Rise Building/ Wohnhochhaus
By Werner Blaser, 1999




 Mies van der Rohe : A Critical
 Biography By Franz Schulze, 1995




   Mies van der Rohe : Stuttgart, Barcelona and
   Brno Furniture and Architecture
   By Otakar
THANK YOU

				
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