Kitchen Bathroom Counters by jennyyingdi

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									        Chapter 10
Room Relationships and Sizes
  Which Kitchen would you prefer?
  Introduction
• Residential Architecture probably has more amateur experts
  than any other field
   – Wide exposure to houses causes many people to feel that
     they can design their own
   – Wide media exposure and availability of home improvement
     retail stores have produced educated consumers with an
     increased sensitivity to design
Major Floor Plan Design Considerations
•   Number of inhabitants
•   Age & Gender
•   Family activities/ entertainment habits
•   Desired number of bedrooms and
    bathrooms
•   Desired kitchen appliances
•   Budget and home style
•   Intended length of stay
•   Future plans to add on or finish
    basement
•   Live in guest with disabilities
•   Style of Home
•   Neighborhood covenants, conditions,
    and restrictions (CC&R’s example)
 What is the most important room in a home?


       Women                          Men
•Kitchen                    •Garage
•Family Room (Great Room)   •Master Bedroom/ Bathroom
•Master Bedroom/ Bathroom   •Exterior
•Exterior                   •Bathrooms
•Kids Rooms                 •Kitchen
•Laundry Room               •Family Room (Great Room)
•Bathrooms                  •Kids Rooms
•Garage                     •Laundry Room
What would you consider the Living Area to be?
Service Area?
Sleeping Area?


 Entry/foyer
 Living room
 Den/Study/Office
 Family room (Great room)
 Dining room/ Nook
                             Den/ Study/ Office
            What advantages/disadvantages do
                  Main Entrances bring?
• Main entry is the focal point of the
  house and provides protection
  against the weather
   –   Typically no smaller than 36” door (30)
   –   Side lights
   –   Double doors (5’ or 6’)
   –   Transom windows
• Service entry is used by the
  family between the house and
  garage, yard, or service areas
   – No smaller than 32” door (28)
   – Flooring issues due to wet location
                      Foyer/ Entry
• Used to greet guests, hang coats, and provide access to the rest
  of the home
• Should create a warm, inviting feeling and enhance traffic flow
• Keep foyer proportional in size to the rest of the house
   – Typically in smaller homes 48” wide min.
   – Meet and greet center, so take into consideration your personal
     bubble
                    Entries
– Serve as a transition
  point
  • Main entry
  • Foyer
  • Service entry
                     Living Area
– Points to consider:
  • How the room will be used
  • How many people will use it
  • How often it will be used
  • Type and size of furniture that
    will be placed in it
  • Placement
                       Living Room
• Designed according to the needs and interests of the homeowner
   – Not common in starter home
• Size is determined by the typical number of guests that will be
  entertained
   – 9’ diameter seating area is comfortable
• Used for formal entertaining and quiet conversation
   – Untouchable room for guests only
• Usually placed near the entry
Family Room
•   Most used room in the house
     – Windows give a bigger feel
•   Used for many different activities for a variety of people
     – Space plan for TV seating arrangements etc.
•   Minimum size should be 13’ x 16’
     – Subtract walkways
     – If fireplace is used, room should be increased in size
     – Space plan how furniture would work in at least two different ways to
        determine size
                           Dining Room
• Located near the kitchen for easy serving and the living room for
  easy passage
• Formal dining is about 11’ x 14’ Min.
    – Plan for hutches or other furniture to be in room and still allow for traffic flow
    – Lighting considerations
    – Determine number of seating requirements and give at least 36”-44” around table
      for easy maneuvering with chairs pulled out.
  Dining Nook/ Bay Window or Door
• Located near the kitchen for easy serving and the living room for easy
  passage
• Small dining is 9’ x 11’ minimum
    – Determine number of seating requirements and give at least 36”-42” around table for easy
      maneuvering with chairs pulled out.
• Nook needs to be near the dining and kitchen areas for family meals
    – Most commonly used as dual dining in starter homes
    – Bays work great to get out of traffic flow and allow lots of natural light
     Flex Room Den/Study/Office
•   If we want to count it as a bedroom what do we have to have?
•   _____________________
•   _____________________
•   Den, study, or office is used for quiet reading and study
    – Great room to be off front entry
    – Double doors or wide opening to feel more open and inviting
                    Sleeping Areas
•Number of bedrooms will depend on
the size of the family and the ages of
the children
•A minimum of two sleeping rooms
should be provided
•Keep plumbing away from bedroom
walls by placing a closet between them
•Bathroom access with full or ¾ in
general area
                               Bedrooms
• Place on the southeast side of the house
    – Place on rear of home for privacy
    – Typically on one end of home separate from living areas
• Minimum of one room size is 120 sq. ft. (No wall less than 7’)
    –   Rule of thumb is no smaller than 10’ x 12’ so a dresser or furniture will fit
    –   Size of bed and sex of child determines size
    –   Try to stick with rectangle shape for furniture placement alternatives
    –   Place windows as to allow functionality
• Minimum of 24” on each side of the bed should be provided
    – Provide space of approx. 36” between dresser, desk and other objects (walkway)
Master Bedrooms/ Bathrooms/ Closets
 • Master bedroom should have additional space for sitting and bathing
     –   13’ x 16’ is nice size to allow extra space for sitting area
     –   12’ x 14’ is minimum to feel like it is actual a master bedroom
     –   Window seats are great way to give bigger feel in very little space
     –   Bays are great options with separate entrance to private patio or covered patio
         with hot tub or other features
 • Typically have own bathroom
     – Soaker tub instead of standard tub/ shower combo (36” x 60” or 36” x 72”)
     – Separate toilet room with closing door
     – Typically two sinks or separate his/ her vanities
 • Typically have walk in closet (Min. of 6’ x 6’)
     – His/ her sides with space saver design
     – Built in shelves for shoes and sweaters, pants, etc.
                                 Closets
•   Males need at least 48” and females 72”
•   Minimum of 30” is needed to prevent wrinkling of clothes
     – 25” deep closets will provide finished dimension of 24”
     – Clothes typically stick out approx. 20” on hangers
•   Can be used to buffer noise between rooms
•   Coat closet should be near entrance
     – Min. 24” wide x 24” deep
•   Linen closet near all bathrooms
     – Min. 2’ wide x 18” deep for 12” shelves
                      Bathrooms
• Each bathroom should have an individual access
   – Jack n Jill bathrooms are very popular
       • Separate toilet and shower from sink area
• Two-story house needs two full bathrooms
• Place bathrooms back-to-back to reduce the amount of plumbing
• Types:
• ½
• ¾
• Full
                Service Areas
• Kitchen
  – Serves for meal preparation and often includes
    areas for eating, working, and laundry
  – Considerations:
    •   Kitchen work areas
    •   Work triangle
    •   Counter arrangements
    •   Counter and cabinet size
    •   Appliances
• Locate near dining area
                              Kitchen
• Windows usually allow for supervision of
  children
• Keep near garage or carport for easy grocery
  unloading
• 150 sq. ft. considered small
• Pantry/ Storage area
• Appliances:
   – Microwave
   – Oven
   – Stove
   – Fridge
   – Dishwasher
What are the 3 Kitchen Centers?
• Cleaning Center
   – Includes sink, garbage disposal, and dishwasher
       • A 30” x 48” clear floor space should be provided in front of
         sink
   – Double sink is 32” x 21” and wider
       • Placed in 36” wide base cabinet
   – Dish storage should be near the dishwasher
       • Dishwasher in 24” wide cabinet
       • Place 21” away from cabinets at right angles to door
       • 36” of free space for loading and unloading dishwasher
       • Avoid placing sink and dishwasher on different counters
          Storage and Preparation
•   Storage Area
     – Need 18” beside refrigerator
     – Upper cabinets are 12” deep and base cabinets are 24” deep
     – Pantry in corner or as built in cabinets almost required
     – Place Fridge next to service areas & sink
•   Preparation Area
     – Includes sink, cooking units, and clear counter
         • Slide in range and cooktops fit in 30” wide base cabinet
         • Provide 18” each side of stove
         • Double wall ovens full height cabinet 30” wide
         • One clear area of 48” necessary or 72” if more than one person will
           be preparing food
         • 15” wide cabinets are smallest size suggested to keep usable
     Kitchen Work Triangle
Is there a perfect arrangement?
• Formed by drawing a line between the preparation, storage, and
  cleaning areas
   – Stove, Sink, Fridge
• This maintains traffic flow and efficiency in preparing food
   – No side of triangle should be less than 4’
   – Always place workspace between each station
   – Sum of sides should be at least 15’ but not more than 22’
   – Avoid passing traffic through work triangle
           Counter Arrangements
•   Straight
•   Corridor or Galley
•   L-Shaped
•   U-Shaped
•   Islands
                 Cabinet Sizes
• Overhead Cabinets    • Kitchen Base Cabinets
  – 12”-18” deep          – 24” deep
  – 24” above Fridge      – 36” high
     • Full depth         – 9”- 48” wide
  – 9”- 48” wide       Bathroom Vanity Cabinet Depth
  – 3” increments          •22” deep x 32” high
                       Raised or adult height in Master bath
                           •36” tall
              Utility/ Laundry Room
• Space needed for cleaning and
  caring for clothes and long term
  storage
• Place near the kitchen or bedroom
• Include a laundry chute if possible
• Sinks
• Ironing Board
• Cabinets
                                                  Garage
•   Minimum space for single car is 12’ x 20’
     – Take into consideration the steps coming into
        garage and increase by that distance
•   Minimum space for two cars is 20’ x 20’
     – Remember garage is a work area
     – Research what car is going to be parked in
        there
           •   Trucks need 21’ sometimes plus 2’ to walk around
           •   Provided 48” at rear of garage for workbench
           •   Typical widths for 2 car garage door is 16’
           •   18’ wide door gives more breathing room between cars
           •   2’ minimum wing walls on each side
           •   8’ wide door for 3rd car garage, 9’ door for more breathing
               room (Trucks)
•   Blend into the rest of the residence
     –   Determine height requirements for cars as well
                Bonus Rooms
• High pitched roof allow space to be converted to bonus
  room
• Typically above garage
               Traffic Patterns
• Traffic Flow - The route people follow as they move from
  one area to another
• Circulation pathways should be between 36” and 48”
    Bringing it all together with exterior elements
• A balcony is above ground that
  projects from a wall or building with no
  additional supports
• Enclosed patio or deck
• Walkways
• Walkout Basements
• Entrances other than front door

								
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