19-Codex Alimentarius

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					Good Hygiene Practices along the coffee chain

                Module 2.1

       The Codex Alimentarius

   Inform on the role and activities of the Codex
    Alimentarius Commission (CAC)
   Create awareness of the international
    importance of Codex regulations
   Create interest and understanding of
    mechanisms for national involvement in the
    Codex Alimentarius Commission

                    Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 2             Alimentarius Commission

   Introduction to the Codex Alimentarius
           What is it? What are its objectives? How does it
   Codex work at regional level
           Regional committees
   Codex work at national level
           National Codex Contact Points; National Codex

                            Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 3                     Alimentarius Commission
          What is the Codex Alimentarius

                        A joint FAO/WHO inter-
                         governmental body with
                         171 member countries (as
                         of August 2005) plus
                        Responsible for
                         implementing FAO/WHO
                         Joint Food Standards
                         Programme since 1962

                   Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 4            Alimentarius Commission
          What is the function of the CAC?

   To protect the health of consumers
   To ensure fair practices in the food trade
   To coordinate food standards work
   To finalise and publish international standards,
    codes of practice and recommendations in the
    Codex Alimentarius

                    Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 5             Alimentarius Commission
          The Codex Alimentarius

                          ‘Codex Alimentarius’
                           means ‘Food Code’
                          Comprises 14 volumes
                          All standards available at
                           Codex web-site
                          Codex standards are
                           recommended (not
                           mandated) food quality
                           and safety standards

               Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 6        Alimentarius Commission
          How is Codex organised?

                   Codex Secretariat located at
                    FAO HQ
                   Executive Committee meets
                   Technical committees and task
                    forces meet every 1 or 2 years
                   Regional Coordinating
                   CAC Sessions held every 2 years

                Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 7         Alimentarius Commission
          Structure of the Codex Alimentarius
                            Alimentarius Commission

                      Executive Committee               Secretariat

           General Committees    Commodity Committees          Regional Committees
                   (9)             and Task Forces                      (6)

                                    Active Committees

                                   ad hoc Task Forces

                                  Committees adjourned

                                 Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 8                          Alimentarius Commission
          How are Codex standards elaborated?

                                      Commission decides on
                                       new work
                                      Standards elaborated in
                                       relevant technical
                                      Procedure for
                                       elaborating standards
                                       facilitates stakeholder
                                      Commission decides on
  Reports of CAC sessions are          adoption of Codex texts

                           Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 9                    Alimentarius Commission
              Current Codex final texts

    Food standards – 237
    Codes of Practice – 45
    Guidelines – 33
    Guidelines for limits of contaminants – 25
    Pesticides evaluated – 207
    Limits of pesticide residues – 3274
    Veterinary drugs evaluated – 54
    Limits of veterinary drugs residues – 289
    Food additives evaluated – 1300
                      Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 10              Alimentarius Commission
                 Horizontal Codex standards

  Horizontal standards
        Prepared in General subject committees
        Have across-the-board relevance to a number of commodities
  Work of some Codex Horizontal Committees is
   relevant to OTA question
        Food Additives and contaminants (CCFAC)
           • Initiated discussions on need for a Code of Practice on OTA in coffee and
             cocoa (April 2005)
        Food Hygiene (CCFH)
        General Principles (CCGP)
        Food Import and Export Inspection and Certification Systems
        Methods Analysis and Sampling (CCMAS)
                                  Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 11                          Alimentarius Commission
                  Vertical Codex standards

  Vertical standards
        Vertical standards are those related to a particular commodity
  There are no vertical Codex coffee standards –
   other international coffee standards exist (ISO,

                             Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 12                     Alimentarius Commission
           Codex technical committee sessions

 Open to all member                On the Codex web-site:
  governments and
  observers                                         Codex Home Page

 Participation through
  attendance at sessions              About Codex   Meetings and Events       Official standards

  and submission of
                                                       Forthcoming meetings
 Timely circulation of
  announcements and                                       archive reports

  working documents

                      Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 13              Alimentarius Commission
           Key features of the ‘Codex process’

                          Scientific advisory bodies to
                               Joint FAO/WHO Expert
 Science-based                 Committee on Food Additives
 Participatory                 (JECFA)
                               Joint FAO/WHO Meetings on
 Transparent                   Pesticide Residues (JMPR)
                               Joint FAO/WHO Expert
                                Committee on
                                Microbiological Risk
                                Assessment (JEMRA)

                      Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 14              Alimentarius Commission
           Effective participation in CAC

                                       National Codex
                                               National Codex
                                                Contact Points
                                               National Codex
                                       Regional Codex

                    Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 15            Alimentarius Commission
                   National Codex structures
                      Codex Alimentarius Commission/
                             Codex Secretariat

              National Codex                    Contact Point

                             National Governments

                        National Codex Committee

           Industry Groups                                Scientific Community
                                 Consumer Groups

                                Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 16                        Alimentarius Commission
           Codex Contact Point (CCP)

  Link between Codex Secretariat and Member
  Coordination of Codex activities within their
   own countries
  Reception and circulation of Codex final texts
   and working documents of Codex sessions
  Sending of comments on Codex documents or
   proposals to the Codex Alimentarius
   Commission, subsidiary bodies and/or Codex
                   Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 17           Alimentarius Commission
           Codex Contact Point (CCP)

  Close cooperation with national Codex
  Liaison with food industry, consumers, traders
   and other concerned parties
  Exchange of information and coordination of
   activities with other Codex Members
  Maintenance of a library of Codex texts

                   Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 18           Alimentarius Commission
           National Codex Committee (NCC)

  Acts as a consultative group to the government
  Formulates the country response to the proposals of
  Nominates delegates to represent the country at Codex
  Advises the government on the best possible decisions
   as regards Codex standards and their implementation
  Appoints such technical sub-committees as may be
   necessary for the country's effective participation in
  Undertakes such other duties as may be advised by the
                      Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 19              Alimentarius Commission
           Regional Codex Committees

  Definition of problems and needs in the region
  Development of regional standards
  Coordination of activities in the region
  Representation of specific interests of the
   region to the Commission
  Promotion of acceptance of Codex standards by
   the member countries

                   Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 20           Alimentarius Commission
     What is the role of a regional committee?

  Coordinating Committee         for Africa
  Coordinating Committee         for Asia
  Coordinating Committee         for Europe
  Coordinating Committee         for Latin America and
   the Caribbean
  Coordinating Committee         for the Near East
  Coordinating Committee         for North America and
   the South West Pacific

                   Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 21           Alimentarius Commission

  The Codex Alimentarius is a body of
   internationally recommended food quality and
   safety standards
  Codex Alimentarius standards are of singular
   importance in international food trade
  Countries should strengthen mechanisms for
   ensuring effective participation in CAC

                  Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 22          Alimentarius Commission
                    Next steps…

 Keep informed of issues
  being handled in Codex        Codex Alimentarius
 Follow up with national
  Codex structures on key
  issues of national
  interest                      FAO Food Quality and Safety
 Promote harmonisation
  of national measures
  with Codex

                    Module 2.1 – The Codex
Slide 23            Alimentarius Commission

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