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A New Prespective in Architecture-New Architecture-deconstructivism 09

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					       BRIDGING
         2008
      SENIBINA


DECONSTRUCTIVIS
       M


  QC 006: SEJARAH SENIBINA
                               DECONSTRUCTIVISM
D econstructivism    dalam senibina turut dikenali Deconstruction , kemajuan
Senibina pasca moden bermula dalam awal tahun1980an.     Bercirikan daripada
pecahan idea, tarikan dalam memanipulasi idea struktur permukaan atau kulit,
tiada lagi permukaan bersegi empat digunakan bagi memesongkan dan ditempatkan
sebahagian unsur senibina. Kemasan dilihat dihargai pada bangunan yang
dipamerkan pada “gaya” deconstructivism yang disifatkan oleh rangsangan yang


         DECONSTRUCTIVIS
tidak disangka dan kelam-kabut yang terkawal.




                M

Deconstructivism in architecture, also called deconstruction, is a development of postmodern
architecture that began in the late 1980s. It is characterized by ideas of fragmentation, an interest in
manipulating ideas of a structure's surface or skin, non-rectilinear shapes which serve to distort and
dislocate some of the elements of architecture, such as structure and envelope. The finished visual
appearance of buildings that exhibit the many deconstructivist "styles" is characterised by a stimulating
unpredictability and a controlled chaos.
                        DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Peristiwa-peristiwa penting dalam sejarah deconstructivism bermula pada awal
tahun 1982. Parc de la Villette merupakan satu pertandingan rekaan senibina
(terutama kemasukan daripada Jacques Derrida dan Peter Eisenman dan kemunculan
juara Bernard Tschumi), Museum Seni Moden 1988 dengan pameran Deconstructivistm
Architecture di New York, dirancang oleh Philip Johnson dan Mark Wigley, dan
tahun 1989 perasmian Wexner Center of Arts di Columbus direka oleh Peter
Eisenman, di New York satu pameran diketengahkan hasil kerja oleh Frank Gehry,
Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman, Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb(l) dan
Bernard Tschumi.




                                         Important    events   in   the    history    of  the
                                         deconstructivist movement include the 1982 Parc de
                                         la Villette architectural design competition
                                         (especially the entry from Jacques Derrida and
                                         Peter Eisenman[1] and Bernard Tschumi's winning
                                         entry),   the   Museum   of    Modern    Art’s  1988
                                         Deconstructivist Architecture exhibition in New
                                         York, organized by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley,
                                         and the 1989 opening of the Wexner Center for the
                                         Arts in Columbus, designed by Peter Eisenman. The
                                         New York exhibition featured works by Frank Gehry,
                                         Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman,
                                         Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb(l)au, and Bernard Tschumi.
                        DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Dibawa oleh idea-idea ahli falsafah Perancis Jacques Derrida. Eisenman telah
memejukan satu hubungan peribadi dengan Derrida, tetapi walaubagaimanapun
pendekatannya untuk reka bentuk senibina terdapat kemajukan yang panjang ke
hadapan bagi menjadi satu Deconstructivist. Untuk Deconstructivism dia perlu
difikirkan satu perluasan minatnya dalam formalisme radikal. Beberapa pengamal
deconstructivism adalah juga dipengaruhi oleh percubaan rasmi dan
ketidakseimbangan geometri orang Rusia constructivism. Sebutan-sebutan yang
dapat tambahan dalam deconstructivism untuk abad ke-20 pergerakan: modenisme /
saling mempengaruhi postmodernism, ekspresionisme, kubisme, minimalism dan seni
kontemporari.




                        influenced by the ideas of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida.
                        Eisenman developed a personal relationship with Derrida, but even so
                        his approach to architectural design was developed long before he
                        became a Deconstructivist. For him Deconstructivism should be
                        considered an extension of his interest in radical formalism. Some
                        practitioners of deconstructivism were also influenced by the formal
                        experimentation and geometric imbalances of Russian constructivism.
                        There are additional references in deconstructivism to 20th-century
                        movements: the modernism/postmodernism interplay, expressionism, cubism,
                        minimalism and contemporary art.
                               DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Saluran utama daripada falsafah Deconstructivist dalam teori senibina telah
dikesan oleh falsafah Jacques Derrida mempengaruhi Peter Eisenman, Eisenmen
telah    mengerakkaan   asas   falsafah    daripada   penggerakan   kesasteraan
Deconstruction, dan kerjasama secara terus dengan Derrida dalam projek
termasuklah peryertaan dalam pertandingan Parc de la Villette,    Documented di
Chora I works. Kedua-duanya termasuklah Daniel Libeskind berasa bimbang dengan
"metaphysics of presence,"       dan merupakan perkara utama pada falsaha
Deconstivist dalam teori senibina.




The main channel from deconstructivist philosophy
to architectural theory was through the philosopher
Jacques Derrida's influence with Peter Eisenman.
Eisenman drew some philosophical bases from the
literary movement Deconstruction, and collaborated
directly with Derrida on projects including an
entry for the Parc de la Villette competition,
documented in Chora l Works. Both Derrida and
Eisenman, as well as Daniel Libeskind[4] were
concerned with the "metaphysics of presence," and
this is the main subject of deconstructivist
philosophy in architecture theory
                        DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Senibina adalah dianggapkan bahasa yang berupaya menerangkan maksud dan
menerima rawatan daripada kaedah         falsafah linguistik (kajian bahasa).
Kehadiran dialek dan ketidakhadiran, atau solid dan void terdapat dalam banyak
pada projek Eisenman, kedua-dua bina dan tidak dibina . Mereka percaya dimana
lokus, atau kehadiran tempat, adalah senibina, dan kesamaan kehadiran dialek dan
ketidakhadiran    telah   dijumpai    dalam    construction   (pembianaan)   dan
deconstruction.




                                       The presupposition is that architecture is a
                                       language capable of communicating meaning and of
                                       receiving treatments by methods of linguistic
                                       philosophy. The dialectic of presence and absence,
                                       or solid and void occurs in much of Eisenman's
                                       projects, both built and unbuilt. Both Derrida and
                                       Eisenman believe that the locus, or place of
                                       presence, is architecture, and the same dialectic of
                                       presence and absence is found in construction and
                                       deconstruction.
                                DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Berdasarkan daripada Derrida, membaca text adalah pekara terbaik untuk membawa
keluar apabila kerja klasik pada stuktur narrative. Mana-mana arkitek
deconstruction mewujudkan syarat-syarat bagi khusus pembinaan Archetypal.
Kekuatan –mendirikan satu anggapan yang biasaan dengan bermainkan lenturan
yang bertentangan. Lebih dikenali dengan Foam follow fantasy


According to Derrida, readings of texts are best
carried out when working with classical narrative
structures.   Any    architectural    deconstruction
requires the existence of a particular archetypal
construction, a strongly-established conventional
expectation to play flexibly against.
   DECONSTRUCTIVISM



    PENGARUH
DECONSTRUCTIVIS
        M
    INFLUENCE
Nama /Name: Jacques Derrida
Lahir /Birth: 15 July 1930
Meninggal/Death : October 8, 2004 (usia 74)
Tarikan     utama/Main interests:    Philosophy   of
language                          : Literary theory
                        : Ethics 
                        : Ontology
Idea penting/Notable ideas : Deconstruction 
                   : Différance 
                   : Phallogocentrism
In a fragment from a long sentence that embodies what it describes, Derrida
says of his writing:
 
I remember having gone to bed very late after a moment of anger or irony
against a sentence of Proust's . . . which says: "A work in which there are
theories is like an object on which one has left he price tag," and I find
nothing more vulgar than this Franco-Britannic decorum . . . I admit that I
write with the price on, I display, not so that the price be legible to the
first-comer, for I am for an aristocracy without distinction, therefore
without vulgarity, for a democracy of the compulsion to the highest price, you
have to pay the price to read the price displayed (Circumfusion 62-3)




 Dalam sekeping serpihan daripada satu ayat panjang yang mewujudkan apa ia menggambarkan, Derrida
 kata tulisannya:
  
 Saya ingatkan waktu masuk tidur sebenar telah lewat selepas seketika kemarahan atau ironi pada
 satu ayat Proust . . . yang mengatakan: "Satu menyisipkan yang terdapat dari teori-teori adalah
 seperti sebuah objek yang mana satu telah meninggalkan tanda harga dia," dan saya mencari tidak
 ada apa-apa lebih kasar daripada kesopanan Franco-Britannic ini . . . Saya mengakui yang saya
 menulis dengan harga dia, saya mempamerkan, bukan supaya harga menjadi jelas untuk pertama peserta,
 untuk saya merupakan untuk bangsawan tanpa perbezaan, oleh itu tanpa kekasaran, untuk sebuah
 demokrasi paksaan untuk harga tertinggi, anda perlu membayar harga untuk membaca harga dipamerkan
 (Circumfession 62 3)
 Nama /Name: Philip Cortelyou Johnson
 Lahir /Birth: 8 July 1906 (Cleveland, Ohio)
 Meninggal/Death : 25 January 2005
 Isteri /wife : David Whitney
 Pendidikan/Education :      Hackley School di Tarrytown,
 New York.
                                   : siswazah di Harvard
 (sejarah dan falsafah)
                               : Graduate School Design.
 Pengasasa /Main interests: Department Architecture and
                    Design di MoMA
 Anugerah /award : Amerika Institute Architects Gold
 Medal.
                           : First Pritzker Architecture
 Prize pada1979.
 Idea penting/Notable ideas : Deconstruction·
                    : Différance 
KRONOLOGI           : Phallogocentrism
1928            - Bertemuan arkitek Bauhaus Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
1930- 1978      - Pengasas Department Architecture dan Design di MoMA.
1932            - Mempekenalkan ‘gaya antarabangsa’
1979            - Amerika Institute Architects Gold Medal dan pertama
                - Pritzker Architecture Prize.
         THE GLASS HOUSE
   Ciri-ciri itu empat belas buah struktur, satu koleksi yang
   utama seni kontemporari, dan sebuah lanskap Amerika yang
   moden. Rumah Kaca berkhidmat sebagai satu kajian yang seni
   bina separuh kedua abad kedua puluh mempamerkan pembaharuan
   dalam bidang seni bina moden daripada setiap dekad kerjaya
   Johnson yang menjadi sejarah. Johnson didermakan Rumah Kaca
   untuk Keyakinan Negara untuk Historic Preservation dalam


THE GLASS HOUSE
   1986, mengekalkan satu harta pusaka.
     THE GLASS HOUSE
                       T   G
                       H
                       E   L
                           A
                           S
THE GLASS HOUSE            S

                           H
                           O
                           U
                           S
                           E
     Garden Grove Church
        "Arkitek-arkitek menjelang mereka pengalaman yang
        banyak dengan habluran bentuk-bentuk dan kaca
        diliputi galeri, serta dengan auditoriums. Gagasan
        adalah untuk mendapatkan rapat orang kepada
        prestasi sebagai mungkin, tersangat, sebagai John
        Burgee meletakkan ia, 'kita squished ruang ibu dan
        mengeluarkan trancept.' Diterjemahkan ke dalam


Garden Grove Church
        rendah geometri-geometri, ia menjadi satu empat
        tajam bintang, dengan balkoni-balkoni arca bebas
        dalam tiga mata dan timur gereja pada suku
      Garden Grove Church
                            G   G
                            a   r
                            r   o
                            D   v
                            e   e
Garden Grove Church         n
                            h
                                C
                                H
                                U
                                R
                                C
                                h
                             Lain-lain Rekaan




                                              Munson-Williams-Proctor
                                              Arts Institute (1919)
                                              Architect:
The        Seagram        Building            Philip
                                              Johnson
(1957)
Architect:
Mies van   der   Rohe,   Ludwig;   Johnson,
Philip
                                    COOP HIMMELBLAU
                                                     Coop Himmelb(l)au (1968) adalah      firma
                                                     yang berkerjasama dalam rekaan senibina
                                                     terutaman     di   Vienna,   Austria   dan
                                                     sekarang juga terdapat sehingga kini
                                                     perjabat di Los Angales, united States
                                                     dan Guadalajara, Mexico. Nama firma
                                                     Himmeldlau dalam bahasa Jerman kepada
                                                     bahasa English adalah ‘langit biru’.


           COOP HIMMELBLAU
                                                     Himmelblau yang adalah bermaksud ‘surga
                                                     pembinaan’.    Manakala Coop dalam tajuk
                                                     disebut pada kebiasaan perniaga sebut
                                                     adalah      Cooperative,    co-op.    Coop
                                                     Himmelblau telah dibawa oleh Wolf Prix,
                                                     Helmut Swiczinsky dan Michael Holzer .


Coop Himmelb ( l ) au (1968-) is a cooperative
architectural design firm primarily located in
Vienna, Austria and which now also maintains
offices in Los Angeles, United States and
Guadalajara, Mexico. The firm's name Himmelblau
translates from German into English as 'sky blue',
Himmelbau translates to 'heaven construction'. The
term Coop in the title is pronounced as is the
business abbreviation for cooperative, co-op. Coop
Himmelblau was founded by Wolf Prix, Helmut
Swiczinsky and Michael Holzer .
Nama /Name: Helmut Swiczinsky
Lahir /Birth: 1944
Pendidikan/Education :  Technical University di Vienna.
                            : Architectural Association
di London.
 KRONOLOGI
 1968      - membuka Coop Himmelblau
 1973      - Helmut Swiczinsky adalah satu profesor
 pelawat di        Architectural Association
 1983      - mereka Struktur Bumbung baru
 ‘Schuppichlegal        Practice’ (400 mp attic ).
              “A balance of Open and close surfaces.
 1988-2011 - Pejabat kedua di Los Angeles, California.
           - Ahli di ‘European Academy of Science and
 Art.
Nama /Name: Wolf Dieter Prix
Lahir /Birth: 1942
Pendidikan/Education :       Technical University di
Vienna.
                                 : Southern California
Institute of
                               Architecture (SCI-Arc)
                                       :  Architectural
Association di London.
         KRONOLOGI
         1984      - Professor di Architectural
            Association di London.
         1990      - Professor diHarvard University
                       Cambridge, Massachusetts .
                   - Masterclass of Architecture di
                       University of Applied Art di Vienna
                   - Southern California Institute of
                       Architecture di Los Angeles.
   Arteplage Biel




Arteplage Biel
BMW Welt, Munich Germany




    BMW Welt
 Figurasi Open House Malibu




Figurasi Open House
       Malibu
Rooftop Remodeling Falkestrass




Rooftop Remodeling
    Falkestrass
   DECONSTRUCTIVISM



     GENERASI
DECONSTRUCTIVIS
  Of      M
       GENERATION
Nama /Name: Bernard Tschumi
Lahir /Birth: 25 Januari 1944     (Lausanne, Switzerland)
         kacukan French dan Swiss
Pendidikan/Education : Eidgenossische Technische            Hochschule
di Zurich.
                                    memperolehi degree dalam architecture
pada 1969
                                   :   Architectural Association
School
               Architecture di London
                             : the Institute for Architecture
and Urban Studies                             di New York,
                            : Columbia University .
                                        : Graduate School of
Architecture, Planning and
Preservation from 1988 to 2003.
                              : Phd di Advanced Architectural
Design
Lain-lain /others : Juara pertandingan Parc de la Villette ,
Paris.
                                : pencetus idea "architectonic
notation“.
                                 : pencetus idea "form follows
fiction“.
                           Antara Rekaanya




              Antara Rekaanya
The    Paul   Cejas    School  of    New acropolis museum
Architecture Building at Florida
International University in Miami,
Florida.




Alfred Lerner Hall
                                        Projek akan datang
Antara Rekaanya




  Limoges concert hall
Nama /Name: Frank Owen Gehry
Lahir /Birth: 28 February 1929 (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)-
Pendidikan/Education : Los Angeles City College
                                    : University of Southern
California's School of
Architecture 1954.
                                : Harvard Graduate School of
Design
Lain-lain /others : Pereka piala hoki “World Cup of Hockey”.
Anugerah /award : National Medal of Arts
                     : Order of Canada
                     : Pritzker Architecture Prize, LA.
                           Antara Rekaanya




               Antara Rekaanya
Guggenheim Museum                              Fisher di Bard College
di Bilbao, Spain




                                Santa Monica
                                 California




Walt Disney Concert Hall                           Weisman Art Museum
                       Antara Rekaanya




Prague Dancing House

                                         Experience Music

                       PBLewis
    Akron Art Museum




Akron Art Museum
    Akron Art Museum




Akron Art Museum
Akron Art Museum
Akron Art Museum
Nama /Name: Daniel Libeskind
Lahir /Birth: 12 May 1946 di (Poland)
Pendidikan/Education : Los Angeles City College
                                 : University of Southern
California's School of
Architecture 1954.
                             : Harvard Graduate School of
Design
Lain-lain /others : Pereka piala hoki “World Cup of
Hockey”.
Anugerah /award : National Medal of Arts
                     : Order of Canada
                     : Pritzker Architecture Prize, LA.
                             Antara Rekaanya



                                                             Bern, Switzerland


               Antara Rekaanya
                         Glass Building The Light from
Jewish Museum di
Berlin                   Within




                                                                  the spiral extension to the
                                                                  victoria & albert museum,
                                                                  london. facade.
Imperial War Museum North,       Facade for Hyundai Development
Manchester                       Corporation Headquarters
                           Antara Rekaanya




Mallorca, Spain                extension to the Denver art museum




Zlota             project for the new world trade center,
Nama /Name: Rem Koolhaas
Lahir /Birth: 17 November 1944 (Rotterdam, Netherlands)
Pendidikan/Education : Graduate School of Design
                              di Harvard University
                                                        :
Architectural Association School of

Architecture in London
                             : Cornell University in
New York
                                            : Institute
for Architecture and Urban
                                            Studies in
New York
                             Antara Rekaanya




                Antara Rekaanya
                                                    Prada, Beverly Hills



Seattle Central Library    Netherlands Embassy in
                           Berlin, Germany




                          Casa da Música,
                          Porto, Portugal
                                                    Green Line train
Nama /Name: Peter Eisenman
Lahir /Birth: 11 August 1932 (Newark, New Jersey)
Pendidikan/Education : Cornell University
                            : Bachelor of Architecture
                                          Degree, Cornell.
                                 : Master of Architecture
Degree
                                              from Columbia
University's
                                            : University of
Cambridge
                                                  : Syracuse
University School of Architecture
   Antara Rekaanya




Antara Rekaanya                   six-building City of
                                  Culture of Galicia in
                                  Santiago de
                                  Compostable, Spain.




        London, Yale University
Nama /Name: Zaha Hadid
Lahir /Birth: 31 Oktober 1950 (Baghdad, Iraq)
Pendidikan/Education :   Universiti Amerika Beirut.
                              : Architectural Association Schoo
                Architecture di London
                             : Graduate School Design.
Pensyarah /lecturer : Architectural Association.
                          : Sekolah Siswazah Design.
                          : Universiti Harvard.
                          : University of Illinois School
                            Architecture di Chicago.
                          : Hamburg, Knolton School Architectur
                                : University, Masters Studio d
Columbia University.
                                 : Architectural Design di Yal
University, New Haven
Anugerah /award : The Peak Club di Hong Kong (1983).
                     : Cardiff Bay house Opera Di Wales (1994).
                     : Pritzker Architecture Prize.
                     : Hadiah Nobel.
                     : Guggenheim Museum di New York.
Antara Rekaanya
                             Antara Rekaanya




               Antara Rekaanya
Middle east centre oxford               Vitra fire station, Weil am Rhein,
                                        Germany




the civil courts of justice in Madrid   Nordpark cable railway
              Antara Rekaanya

Abu Dhabi
arts centre
                                       Museum
                                       transport
                                       Glasgow


Guangzhou
opera house




                        lilium_tower
           Directed By
   En. Ramu A/L Vellusamy

             Story By
   Muhammad Lutfi B. Yahya
         01BSB07F2009




TAMAT  Design Animations By
Muhammad Syawal Bin AB. Malik
         01BSB07F2010


             Music By
  Norhissham B. Mohd Arshad
         01BSB07F2011


            Edited By
   Faliq Razin Bin Alias
         01BSB07F2031

				
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