Food industry science survey by 7vx1NKPH

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									64th Oxford Farming Conference

   The Oxford Farming Conference Research
              in association with
               Volac and BBSRC:
  Agricultural research needs and priorities:
  survey findings from the food and farming
                    industry


                                   Facilitator
                             Professor David Leaver
 OFC Research in association with:
7/25/2012                                             1
                                    Introduction



The Oxford Farming Conference, in association with dairy nutrition
company Volac and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences
Research Council, has commissioned leading market research
specialists National Farm Research Unit and IGD to gather the views of
UK farmers the UK food industry on the future needs of agricultural
science.

The following are the results of the IGD food industry survey




OFC Research in association with:
                             Annual UK spending on agricultural science R&D

    Organisation                                            R&D spend (£)
    Government                                              £264 million*
    Defra                                                   £65 million
    Scottish Government                                     £30 million
    Northern Ireland                                        £7 million
    BBSRC                                                   Ca £150 million
    Funding Council support for universities                £12 million
    Technology strategy board (new for 2010)                Expected to be >£80million over 5 years (£16 million/year)
    Trade                                                   £56 million+
    UK Agricultural Supply Industry                         £45 million+
    UK plant breeders                                       £10-£12 million
    Farmers                                                 £29 million
    AHDB levy payer funding                                 £22.6 million (HGCA £5.5m HDC £4.7M EBLEX £4.6M DairyCo
                                                            £3.1M Potato Council £2.66M BPEX £2.1M)
    Farmer membership organisations (e.g. TAG)              Ca £3 million
    Agricultural charities                                  Ca £3.5 million
*Potential total for 2010 - £280 million (Based on previous spending plus £16M from Technology Strategy Board)
       OFC Research in association with:
                  Annual UK spending on agricultural science R&D




        Overall estimated total on agricultural science R&D for 2010

                                    £365 million

      (based on previous spending plus Technology Strategy Board
                               funding)




OFC Research in association with:
                                    IGD Survey Contents



IGD Survey

• Slide 6: Background
• Slide 7: Objectives
• Slide 8: Methodology
• Slide 10: Results. 1. Current engagement in agricultural science
research
• Slide 14: Results. 2. Scope of current agricultural science research
• Slide 18: Results. 3. Usefulness of current agricultural science research
• Slide 22: Results. 4. Future agricultural science research requirements
• Slide 29: Summary
• Slide 30: Note
• Slide 31: Website contacts




OFC Research in association with:                                Research by IGD
                                    Background


• Modern agriculture faces a series of challenges in meeting future
  demand for food
      – A global population of 9 billion by 2050
      – Rising oil prices
      – Changes in land use and area under cultivation due to climate change
• Farmers and growers will need to
      – Produce more food efficiently and safely
      – Optimise the use of inputs
      – Minimise environmental impact
• To tackle these challenges successfully, the needs of the whole food
  supply chain must be considered – from producer to processor to retailer
  to consumer




OFC Research in association with:                                       Research by IGD
                                     Objectives



• Research was carried out to seek views from the food industry on
  agricultural science research
• Businesses at different points along the food supply chain were asked
  about:
   – Their current engagement in agricultural science research
   – The scope of current research
   – The usefulness of current agricultural science research
   – The research needs of their businesses in 10 years time




 OFC Research in association with:                                Research by IGD
                                     Methodology


• Qualitative survey of food businesses
• Telephone interviews of approximately 30 minutes duration
• Views from 10 food businesses from the following sectors:
   – Retail
   – Composite food manufacture
   – Dairy processing
   – Cereal processing
   – Meat processing
   – Fresh produce grower
   – Wholesale
   – Foodservice operation
   Many thanks to those who took part in the survey

 OFC Research in association with:                            Research by IGD
                         Methodology continued


• For the purposes of the survey, agricultural science research was limited
  to that focused on primary food production*

• Questions included in the qualitative survey focused on four areas:
   1. Current engagement in agricultural science research
   2. The scope of current research
   3. The usefulness of current agricultural science research
   4. The research needs of their businesses in 10 years time

• Emerging themes were identified

* Defined as cultivation of plants for human consumption, or for conversion into products for human
consumption; cultivation of plants as feed for animals for human consumption; rearing and maintenance of
animals for human consumption, or to produce outputs for human consumption.


 OFC Research in association with:                                                           Research by IGD
               Results
1. Current engagement in agricultural
          science research




OFC Research in association with:   Research by IGD
         1. Current engagement in agricultural science
                          research

           In what ways is your business involved in research?


   Collaborative research with industry partners
   UK and overseas
   Government-funded, applied research projects
   Through industry association or levy board
   Projects directly funded at universities
   Have our own facilities in house




OFC Research in association with:                                Research by IGD
             1. Current engagement in agricultural science
                              research
    Within primary food production, which area(s) of agricultural science research are
                      currently most important to your business?
Sustainability                Low carbon farming
                                                           •Ensuring business is
                              Efficient water use          sustainable
                                                           •Impact on environment
                              Reducing chemical inputs
                                                           •Growing population
                              Biodiversity                 •Meeting consumer demand
                              Animal welfare               •Government demands

                              Measures of sustainability
Varietal innovation and       Yield improvements            •Food security
methods of cultivation        Crop efficiency               •Ensuring there is food to sell in
                                                             the future
                              Adaptation to drought

                                                            •Grower and customer benefit
Food quality and safety       Tools to assess quality       •Consumer expectation of
                              Non-destructive testing       quality
                                                            •Government policy on nutrition
                              Nutritional and functional
                                                            & health
                              improvements
    OFC Research in association with:                                          Research by IGD
           1. Current engagement in agricultural science
                            research
       How do you view the overall importance of scientific research in primary
                        food production to your business?

                                                                                      9
                                                                    7        8        9
                                                       5    6       7        8        9      10
      1                                                                                              10
(no importance)                                                           Median 8
                                                                                            (crucially important)
 If it stopped, the national diet would just have to       It is linked to sustainability and food security
 change
                                                           Costs of production are not sustainable

 It is part of our general horizon-scanning mix            Need to meet demands of population growth

                                                           We need to produce more for less

                                                           Keeping ahead of the competition

                                                           To increase functionality of crops and single
                                                           ingredients in foods


 OFC Research in association with:                                                                   Research by IGD
                Results
2. Scope of current agricultural science
               research




 OFC Research in association with:   Research by IGD
           2. Scope of current agricultural science research

   How well does agricultural science research meet the current needs of your
                                    business?

It meets our needs                        •Requirements met through trade bodies
                                           and literature

                                          •Funding depends on what’s “in vogue”
The right areas are not funded……..        •Projects are tailored to meet expertise
                                           within an institution, and not industry
                                           needs
It’s not applied enough………..              •Commercial needs not met
                                          •No application to industry setting

Don’t know what is out there……..          •Lack of awareness of research
                                          •Poor dissemination of information
                                          •IP restricts access


   OFC Research in association with:                                   Research by IGD
            2. Scope of current agricultural science research


                   What are the gaps in agricultural science research?

Global focus        Sustainability &      Meat quality          Strategy            Applied
                     food security                                                  research
  Share best        Meeting needs of     Effects of forage   Clear roadmap of     Meeting market
   practice            growing               systems             research             needs
                      population                                programme
Look outside of       Reduce carbon      Improving animal    Clarity of current   Connection to
      EU              and water use           health           activities and      commercial
                                                               future needs          world
                        Understand
                         benefits of
                     different farming
                          systems




   OFC Research in association with:                                                   Research by IGD
         2. Scope of current agricultural science research

                             Why do gaps in research exist?

     Funding structure                       Loss of skills         Commercial awareness
                                                                      and organisation
Short term political outlook         Skills lost from areas now    Scientists need to understand
                                     recognised as important       the environment in which
                                                                   research outputs will be
                                                                   employed
Poor availability of funds           Loss of good university       Speed of implementation of
                                     departments through lack of   research needs to increase
                                     funding
No overall responsibility for                                      Fragmented nature of parts
research                                                           of the industry makes
                                                                   implementation of
                                                                   technology more challenging




 OFC Research in association with:                                                    Research by IGD
              Results
3. Usefulness of current agricultural
          science research




OFC Research in association with:   Research by IGD
               3. Usefulness of current agricultural science
                                 research


       Is it relevant?                       Is it timely?        Is there sufficient
                                                               industrial participation?
YES                                  YES                      YES
But it takes time to find the        When there is clear      It is in industry’s interests to
areas of interest                    government-driven need   take part

NO                                   NO                       NO
Not applied enough                   Too short term           Consultation with industry is
                                                              needed
Pure research is interesting         Too slow to market
but not relevant

Contentious areas are not
addressed e.g GM




 OFC Research in association with:                                                  Research by IGD
              3. Usefulness of current agricultural science
                                research


   What other factors affect the usefulness of agricultural science research?


        Illustrations and ideas to show how research can be applied in the “real world”
        Demonstrate benefits to business
        Funding for implementation following the research
        Working in collaboration will make it more impactful
        Cluster farming and industry to deliver a research programme giving value
        across the supply chain
        Make it global




OFC Research in association with:                                                   Research by IGD
                3. Usefulness of current agricultural science
                                  research

   How do you rate the overall usefulness of agricultural science research?


                                                       7
                               3      4                7
      1
                               3      4     5      6   7               10
(no importance)                                               (crucially important)

                                          Median




  OFC Research in association with:                                 Research by IGD
                Results
4. Future agricultural science research
             requirements




 OFC Research in association with:   Research by IGD
             4. Future (10 years) agricultural science research
                               requirements

   What issues do you think will be most important to your business?

                            Crop varieties and yield   Methods of cultivation
                                                       Withstanding climate change
Sustainability and food                                Use of GM technology
security
                            Resource depletion         Water scarcity
                                                       Mineral depletion in soil

                            Sourcing                   New markets
                                                       Post harvest physiology
                                                       Pest control
Food quality and safety     Nutrition                  Non-destructive, rapid testing
                                                       Improving nutritional value
                            Animal welfare             Improving standards
                            Food safety                Pathogen control



OFC Research in association with:                                                       Research by IGD
             4. Future (10 years) agricultural science research
                               requirements

  Rank the following research areas in terms of importance to your business

                                                                Ranking
      Climate change & other environmental                        Top
      considerations
      Food safety                                           Second (equal)
      Energy prices, efficiency savings & waste             Second (equal)
      reduction
      Human diet & health, including obesity                Second (equal)
      Spread of new or emerging pests &                         Bottom
      diseases

      Respondents ranked each research area in importance from 1 (highest) to 5
      (lowest). Final ranking was based on the average of all scores.

OFC Research in association with:                                                 Research by IGD
                 4. Future (10 years) agricultural science research
                                   requirements

                           Why are these areas important?

                                             •   Climate change affects all 5 areas
                                             •   Maintaining a sustainable global
Climate change and other                         supply base
environmental considerations
                                             •   Feeding a growing world population
                                             •   Reducing impact on supply chain


                                             •   Maintaining consumer confidence
Food safety                                  •   Threat from changes in supply chain
                                                 due to climate change




    OFC Research in association with:                                         Research by IGD
                4. Future (10 years) agricultural science research
                                  requirements
                            Why are these areas important?
                                              • Impact on climate and environment
Energy prices, efficiency savings and         • Cost perspective
waste reduction                               • “Water is the new oil of tomorrow”
                                              • Energy and carbon reduction

                                              • Role of food industry in producing
Human diet and health, including                food for health
obesity                                       • Addressing obesity
                                              • Climate change and diet

                                              • New pests arising as a result of
 Spread of new and emerging pests and           climate change
 diseases                                     • Spread of current diseases e.g Blue
                                                tongue in cattle
   OFC Research in association with:                                         Research by IGD
              4. Future (10 years) agricultural science research
                                requirements

         Consequences for the food industry if research is not carried out


• Increased food prices
• Increased food imports
• Shifting global politics: countries whose climates support food
  production increase in power
• Individual businesses implement their own solutions: fragmented
  response
• UK will lose competitive advantage




 OFC Research in association with:                                    Research by IGD
          4. Future (10 years) agricultural science research
                            requirements
                              Technologies which will help us

GM                                            Introduction to UK and EU
                                              Offers significant advantages
                                              Concerns over loss of skills

Nanotechnology                                Potential not yet clear
                                              Danger of developments being blocked

Genomics                                      Whole genome selection in cattle
                                              Varietal selection

Sustainable agriculture                       Hydroponics
                                              Water management
                                              Soil science



 OFC Research in association with:                                            Research by IGD
                                     Summary

• Agricultural science research is important to the food businesses
    surveyed
     – Sustainability and food security
     – Food quality and safety

• Engagement varies
     – Out of the loop/unaware
     – Engaged and active in research

• There is scope to increase application of research
• Without research
     – Increased food prices
     – Increased reliance on food imports

 OFC Research in association with:                                    Research by IGD
                                     Note

• Sample size used in this research is small (10 businesses)
• Research is qualitative in nature
• Caution should be used in drawing wider inference for the food and
  grocery sector




 OFC Research in association with:                               Research by IGD
                                       Website contacts



         Oxford Farming Conference: www.ofc.org.uk

                               Volac: www.volac.com

                            BBSRC: www.bbsrc.ac.uk



                                    IGD: www.igd.com




OFC Research in association with:

								
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