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					CHILD DEVELOPMENT
      LAWS OF GROWTH AND
         DEVELOPMENT:


►1.Growth proceeds from
 head to foot lift head, pickup
 objects, walk to objects.
          Head Control




Newborn             Age 6 months
       LAWS OF GROWTH AND
          DEVELOPMENT:

► 2.Growth proceeds from near to far-
 (from body trunk outward), scoot entire
 body, wave arms, grab object with palms,
 and pick up object with thumb and
 fingers
      LAWS OF GROWTH AND
         DEVELOPMENT:


►3. Growth proceeds from the
 simple to the complex (it builds
 on earlier learning) sleeping,
 being fed, holding the bottle,
 feeding self.
       LAWS OF GROWTH AND
          DEVELOPMENT:



► 4.Growth is continuous (throughout
 life) and orderly--both legs grow at the
 same time and rate.
      LAWS OF GROWTH AND
         DEVELOPMENT:

5.There are critical periods for growth and
  development.

6.Different areas of development are
  interrelated.

7.Development is similar for everyone.

8.Development proceeds at an individual
  rate.
Growth Pattern
        Types of Development

► Physical   development
   Gross motor skills – use of large muscles
     ►Running,    jumping, climbing, etc.
   Fine motor skills – use of small muscles
     ►Coloring,   using fork and knife, etc.
► Intellectual    development
   Cognitive development – mental processes
    through which we think, learn, and
    communicate
► Emotionaldevelopment – involves
 understanding and responding to our
 surroundings
   Smile, cry, laugh, fear, sadness, anger
       Development – Understanding others
► Social
 and learning how to interact
   “Play is a child’s work”
      Development – knowing right from
► Moral
 wrong
   Motor Development
Gross and Fine Motor Skills
► Skillsinfant learns through muscle
  control
► Gross skills utilize large muscles for
  larger motor activities such as moving
  arms or legs
► Fine skills involve more finely turned
  movements such as finger dexterity.
           Sitting Up




Age 2 months        Age 8 months
          Fine Motor - Infant
► Newborn   has very little control. Objects will
  be involuntarily grasped and dropped
  without notice.
► 6 month old: palmar grasp – uses entire
  hand to pick up an object
► 9 month old: pincer grasp – can grasp small
  objects using thumb and forefinger
   Fine Motor Development




6-month-old

                 12-month-old
Fine motor and cognitive abilities
► Buttoning  clothing
► Holding a crayon / pencil
► Building with small blocks
► Using scissors
► Playing a board game
► Have child draw picture of himself

				
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posted:7/25/2012
language:English
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