Welcome to the first issue of Community
issue we will feature some • hints about how to interpret
of your suggestions. statistics
Our thanks to so many of you who Your information is very helpful
returned the survey questionnaire and we would encourage you
• statistics on children, the over 60
age group, ethnic groups and
we sent out with the December to send back any outstanding
issue of Community. questionnaires.
We found from your comments that
We have learnt a lot about Here are some of your requests:
overall you seem to like Community,
your information needs and in this
• more case studies that Table Finder/Table Builder
hasn’t had much uptake and that
you are a little shy about receiving
All about Pacific peoples – Pacific Profiles released
tuition on statistics.
The Tuvaluan ethnic group is now the The Samoan community remains the
seventh largest Pacific population in We went back to the drawing board
largest Pacific ethnic group living in
New Zealand and features for the first and added some new features to
New Zealand, with 115,000 people or
time in a series of seven Pacific Profiles Community 2003.
50 percent of New Zealand’s Pacific
released by Statistics New Zealand in population. We have a new case study section,
February. The other six communities in which will show you how statistics
the series are Samoan, Cook Island The Pacific Profiles are free as individual
can be used in the community. In
Maori, Tongan, Niuean, Fijian and copies or sell for $35.00 as a bound set.
addition, we have a new section
Tokelauan. They will be available from key libraries called Key Facts, where you
The Pacific Profiles contain facts and and are free to download from can check out the most recent
figures from the 2001 Census of Statistics New Zealand’s website: population estimate, the latest gross
Population and Dwellings and include www.stats.govt.nz. Click on Pacific domestic product (GDP), the
information on population, language, peoples (right column). They will also Consumers Price Index (CPI),
religion, families and households, be available from Citizens’ Advice employment figures and the Food
education, the labour force, income, Bureaux in the Auckland area. Price Index (FPI).
housing, and access to the Internet. Our education section on page 4
aims to help you look more critically
at graphs and tables.
No. 7 March 2003 www.stats.govt.nz
Statistics can help you case study
While still in the United States of America,
Dean Sparks searched our website
under the headings consumer spending,
incomes, children, and health. He looked
at the table below to see what he could
expect to spend on food items within a
particular salary range.
He also found similar information
for housing, household operation,
apparel, and transport.
The dean also searched the website
This is the under education to research current
first in a series of issues in New Zealand schools. He found
case studies showing how detailed information on schools in the
Statistics New Zealand information is Wellington area from the Ministry of
used by communities. If you have an The new dean asked Mr Holland to
Education’s website. The ministry’s
example about how you used statistics in gather information on the cost of living in
website can be accessed from
your community, we would be interested New Zealand so that he could make
Statistics New Zealand’s website by
to hear from you. decisions on health care, schooling,
clicking Links to Related Sites.
general household expenses
Initiator and travel before coming to Outcome
Michael Holland, Associate Priest, New Zealand.
The new dean had a clear idea of the cost
Wellington Anglican Cathedral. of living in New Zealand, and what he and
Situation his family could plan for the future, before
Mr Holland asked Statistics New Zealand
arriving in New Zealand.
The cathedral had appointed a new dean, for help and then supplied the new dean,
who was living in Wisconsin, United Douglas Sparks (above), with our
States of America. website address: www.stats.govt.nz.
Note: To find the tables mentioned, search Consumer Spending (right column), Household Economic Survey Tables and Standard Tables.
2 Community No. 7 March 2003 www.stats.govt.nz
new numbers key facts
Estimated Resident Population
Where have all the More people staying As at 31 December 2002 (P)
sheep gone? long term in 3,975,600 — a 1.6 percent
Provisional information from the 2002 New Zealand increase on the 31 December
Census of Agriculture, Horticulture and 2001 figure
Forestry shows that sheep numbers New migrants contributed 38,200 people (P) Provisional
dropped to 39.2 million. In 2001, the to the New Zealand population for the year
provisional number of sheep in ended December 2002. There were Gross Domestic Product
New Zealand was almost 44 million. 96,000 permanent long-term arrivals and September 2002 quarter
This is just one of the findings from the 57,800 departures.
2002 Agricultural Production Census, Up 1.0 percent on the previous
Significant arrivals were from China quarter
which will deliver final statistics on
28 May 2003. (14,700), India (6,600), United Kingdom
(5,900) and South Africa (2,800). Consumer Price Index
The survey, conducted jointly with the
December 2002 quarter
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, is For more information:
the first full agricultural census for eight www.stats.govt.nz. Up 2.7 percent on the same
quarter in the previous year
years. Information collected includes Click Information Releases
details of land use, stock numbers and
horticultural production. Unemployment
December 2002 quarter
4.9 percent — 0.5 percentage
Number of births continues to decline points lower than the December
• There were 54,000 live births in • New Zealand women average
New Zealand during 2002 — 1.90 births each, 10 percent below the
3 percent fewer than in 2001. level required for the population to
December 2002 year
replace itself without migration.
• Births have declined for five Net gain of 38,200 during the
successive years. • The median age (half are older than year
this age and half younger) of women
• The 30-34 year age group had the who gave birth in 2002 was
Food Price Index
highest fertility rate (111 per 1,000) 30.1 years.
in 2002. January 2003
Up 0.8 percent on December
Live Births Median Age of Mothers 2002
Credit Card Billings
Source:The Reserve Bank of
www.stats.govt.nz No. 7 March 2003 Community 3
Looking carefully at graphs education
In the course of daily reading we are confronted with graphs What to look for in a graph
and tables in newspapers, magazines, television and on the
Internet. Often we view them quickly, and sometimes they can
• Look at the two axes on the graph.
What labels are shown on the
be misleading. vertical and horizontal axes? –
We will show how different scales on a graph can create a Income $(000) and Years.
completely different picture of the information. What scale is used on the vertical
axis? What scale is used on the
(A scale puts numbers on the vertical or horizontal axis.)
• Look at what the graph is telling us.
Look at the two graphs below
Example: The ‘Appleton Foundation’ has recorded its fundraising efforts over time.
The following two graphs record the same information, but look completely different.
1 Graph A Fundraising Results 2 Graph B Fundraising Results
When all the
scale is not
marks this by
3 4 5
The two graphs look quite different Graph A emphasises the higher Graph B uses a scale starting at zero
even though they use the same value for fundraising in 2001 by using and ending at $20,000 so the higher
information. This is because they a scale starting at $16,000 and ending value appears to be less dramatic.
have different scales on the vertical at $20,000.
6 Which graph is right? They both are!
— If they have clear labels and scales. However... Checklist
Graph A –The vertical scale has been expanded to make Remember to:
changes in fundraising more obvious. • Make sure the axes are labelled.
Graph B –The vertical scale has been contracted so the • Look at the scales.
changes appear less dramatic and the full size of all • Work out what information the
the fundraising results are shown. graph is telling you.
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