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					                        Humanities 7
                       Create Your Own
                   Documentary Assignment
Overview: You and a group will plan, write, film, and edit a documentary about an
aspect of Canadian history.


I CAN express my knowledge of the following topics:
       The French in North America
       The British in North America
       Competition for Trade
       War and Peace
       Becoming Canada
       Creating a New Country

Skills (It is possible that you will not learn all these skills, depending on your roles in the
filmmaking process)
I CAN work cooperatively with my group members
I CAN research a topic using print and electronic sources
I CAN write a complete script, using proper script formatting
I CAN create a storyboard, creating a visual of my film
I CAN plan and execute a creative direction of a film, including props, costumes, and
shooting locations
I CAN act out a scene, speaking clearly and fluently
I CAN function in a group while carrying out a specific role
I CAN use technology to edit our film
I CAN create notes and methods for testing the knowledge of those who view our film

   1. Research
         a. Read your chapter, and take notes.
         b. Identify important people related to your topic.
         c. Using the Internet, research the people you have identified. Your group
            should have identified four specific people (or a group of people). Make
            some notes about the people, specifying who they were, why they were in
            Canada, and what they did. You should compile a mini-biography on this
   2. Pre-Production
         a. In this stage, half of your group will be working on creating a script and a
            storyboard and half of your group will be working on preparing the props,
            costumes, sets, and filming locations.
      b. At the beginning of every hour of class time, you must have a five-minute
         meeting with all group members present. This time will be used to decide
         what work will be done that day. Be sure that both subgroups are working
         together to create a cohesive film (fluency).
      c. Script:
              i. Use your research from the textbook and your biographies to create
                 a script that includes at least four scenes (one per character).
             ii. Before you begin writing your script, you should create a
            iii. You should include interviews and reenactments in your script.
            iv. Don’t forget that all group members must appear in the film.
             v. See the script-writing handout for formatting information.
      d. Creative Directors:
              i. Before you begin, create sketches of the costumes, props, and
                 scenery that you would like to include in your film.
             ii. Using your knowledge of your script, design costumes, props and
                 scenery to correspond to the scenes in your film.
            iii. Scout locations for filming.
            iv. Report back to your group on your progress.
      e. Learn your lines and block your scenes. This means that once you’ve
         memorized your lines, you will practice the scenes as though it were a
         dress rehearsal.
3. Production
      a. Decide your roles:
              i. Director: This person will direct the film. This person decides how
                 the scenes will play out. When the director yells “ACTION!” no one
                 but the actors performing the scene will talk. The director decides
                 who will stand where, how the scene will be shot, and also make
                 the final decisions when it comes time to edit.
             ii. Production Assistant: This person is “in charge” of the set. The
                 production assistant is the person who will direct all group members
                 to where they are supposed to be, what scenes will be shot that
                 day, makes sure the creative director has all props and costumes,
                 and pays attention to time constraints. This person may also act.
            iii. Creative Directors: These people, who were probably part of the
                 creative team in Pre-Production, will make sure all props,
                 costumes, and set designs. This person may also act.
            iv. Cameraperson: This person will operate the camera. This person
                 will use his/her knowledge of filmmaking to make creative
                 judgments for film angles and shots.
             v. Accountant: This person will be accountable for the crew’s budget.
                 This person may also act.
            vi. You may find it necessary to develop more roles during Production.
                 Please see attached handout on filmmaking jobs for ideas.
      b. For each scene you shoot, the roles will rotate. Everyone in the group will
         have a chance to occupy at least one role. Everyone in your group must
         act in at least one scene.
      c. Film your movie.
      d. Save your movie files to the X:/ drive in your group’s folder.
4. Post-Production
      a. Post-production will be split into two parts: editing and market research. All
         group members will get a chance to both edit and do market research.
         Groups will switch roles for each scene.
      b. Editing:
               i. Using Microsoft MovieMaker, edit your film.
              ii. Remember who your audience is and what the purpose of the film
                  is (to learn).
      c. Market Research:
               i. Your goal is to ensure that your audience learns from your film.
              ii. You will first make up a handout to distribute to your audience. It
                  should provide information about all the scenes in your movie.
             iii. Then, you will make a study tool to help your audience remember
                  the information from the handout and the film.
             iv. Afterwards, you will create a test to test the knowledge of your
                  audience. You will create ten questions, and you must use all the
                  following formats (you may not use one more than three times):
                       1. multiple choice
                       2. fill in the blank
                       3. matching
                       4. drawing
5. The First Annual Louis Riel Film Festival will occur on
   ____________________________________ to view all the movies.
Production Company Loan: $850,000


Research                                $45,000
Computer Rental                         $5,000 / day
Printing                                $1,000 / page
Transportation                          $1,000 / trip
Pre-Production                          $150,000
Computer Rental                         $5,000 / day
Printing                                $1,000 / page
Paper                                   Judged per item / day
Markers / paint                         $1,000 / day
Scissors                                $1,000 / day
Costume rental scouting                 $1,000 / trip
Transportation                          $1,000 / trip
Miscellaneous Supplies                  Judged per item
Workspace rental                        $1,000 / day
Production                              $550,000
Salaries (crew, actors, staffing)       $5,000 / day / person
Camera Rental                           $5,000 / day
Costume Rental                          $1,000 / day / costume
Props Rental                            Judged per item / day
Location Rental                         $5,000 / day
Data Storage                            $10,000 flat fee
Technical Assistance (teacher)          $1,000 / use (max. 5,000 / day)
Post-Production                         $80,000
Computer Rental                         $5,000 / day
Printing                                $1,000 / page
Transportation                          $1,000 / trip

Off Task Behaviour                      $1,000 / incident
Non-Cooperative Behaviour               $1,000 / incident
Mistreatment of Props, Costumes, Set,   Fine to be judged as per severity of the
or Locations                            incident

Additional fees to be determined by the Executive Producer.
                                                     Always   Sometimes   Rarely,
                                                       (2)       (1)      if Ever
Identifies important subtopics
Hands in complete notes
Has biography information on 4 people
Biography info includes who they are
Biography info includes why they were important
Biography info includes what they did
All group members contribute to the research
All group members on task

All group members in the Screenwriting
Committee contribute equally to the script
Script is formatted in proper screenplay format
Script includes all group members as actors
Script includes both interviews and reenactments
All group members in the Creative Direction
Committee contribute equally to the planning
Sets are colourful and complete
Costumes are accurate and make sense for that
character according to the script
Props are accurate and make sense according to
the script
Locations contribute to the overall meaning of the
All group members are on task

All group members contribute equally to the film
Each person with an assigned role performs the
role according to the description
All group members follow directions of the crew
All group members are on task

All group members in the Editing Committee
contribute equally to the process
Film is formatted in proper movie format
Film includes all group members as actors
Film includes both interviews and reenactments
All group members in the Market Research
Committee contribute equally to the project
Handouts are informative and complete
Study Tool is useful and complete
Test is formatted properly and comprehensive
All group members are on task
                             Script Writing 101
         There are two kinds of screenplays; those specifically for film, and those that are
adapted for film from another published work like a book. However, both use the same standard
format, typed in 12-pt Courier font. The format consists of script elements or parts of a script.
These include: scene heading, action, character name, dialogue, parenthetical, extensions,
transition, and shot. You will be required to use most of the script elements.

The script usually is written using the script elements in the following order:

Scene Heading
       The Scene Heading, sometimes called Slugline, tells the reader of the script where the
   scene takes place. Are we indoors (INT.) or outdoors (EXT.)? Next name the location:
   BEDROOM, LIVING ROOM, at the BASEBALL FIELD, inside a CAR? And lastly it might
   include the time of day - NIGHT, DAY, DUSK, DAWN... information to "set the scene" in the
   reader's mind. Scene Heading are aligned left and is written in ALL CAPS. Use a period
   after the INT. or EXT., and a hyphen between the other elements of the Slugline.


       The ACTION or Description sets the scene, describes the setting, and allows you to
   introduce your characters and set the stage for your story. Action is written in REAL TIME.
   Every moment in a screenplay takes place NOW. Use the active voice (a window slams
   shut) not the passive voice (a window is slammed shut). Always write in PRESENT TIME,
   not the past. Action runs from left to right margin, the full width of the page, the same
   as the Scene Heading. Text is single-spaced and in upper and lower case.


The experienced Zoo Keeper begins cutting up a dead cow in order
to feed it to the tigers. The Keeper has on glasses, a white lab
coat, gum boots, and large rubber gloves. The preparation table
drips with blood from previous feedings.


Zoo visitors are crowding around the bars surrounding the tiger
enclosure as university student and Zoo Interpreter, Susan, 21,
approaches with a microphone in her hand. People move out of the
way to make a pathway so that Susan can get to the front.
        Before a character can speak, the writer inserts a CHARACTER NAME to let the
  reader know this character's dialogue follows. A character name can be an actual name
  (JOHN) or description (FAT MAN) or an occupation (DOCTOR). Sometimes, you might have
  COP #1 and then COP #2 speaking. It is okay to identify the speaking parts like this, but
  actors will like you more if you personalize their part with a name. Try to be consistent. The
  CHARACTER NAME is formatted in uppercase letters and is centered.


Zoo visitors are crowding around the bars surrounding the tiger
enclosure as university student and Zoo Interpreter, Susan, 21,
approaches with a microphone in her hand. People move out of the
way to make a pathway so that Susan can get to the front.


          DIALOGUE rules apply when anyone on screen speaks. During a conversation
  between characters. When a character talks out loud to himself... even be when a character
  is off-screen and only a voice is heard. Great dialogue is a window into the soul of your
  character. It sounds real... It's conversational. The audience feels like a fly on the wall,
  hearing natural interplay between characters. Great dialogue may use common language
  but express great passion, and even become a catch phrase in popular culture, as the line
  from Clint Eastwood's Dirty Harry Callahan "Go ahead. Make my day." It's not a bad idea to
  read your dialogue aloud to see how it really sounds. If you have a difficult time reading a
  line, it may not be good dialogue. You'll definitely be able to tell if you organize a reading of
  your script and hear it that way (best with professional actors, like they do in Hollywood and
  on Broadway). DIALOGUE margin is centered. A line of dialogue can be from 35 to 50
  spaces long, which is about half the width of the page.

                I am glad to see so many people here today
                 but can all of you please move two steps
                            away from the cage.

                                         LITTLE BOY
                                          What for?

                                      Good question.

        A Parenthetical remark can be an attitude, verbal direction or action direction for the
  actor who is speaking the part. Parentheticals should be short, to the point, descriptive, and
  only used when absolutely necessary. These days, Parentheticals are generally disfavored,
  because they give direction to an actor that may not be appropriate once on the set.
 Parentheticals are just left of the center but not centered. To do this center the text
 and then hit “tab” twice after the “)”.

              I am glad to see so many people here today
               but can all of you please move two steps
                          away from the cage.

                                   LITTLE BOY
                           (with attitude)
                                    What for?

                             Good question.
                We don’t want anyone to get eaten today.

      An Extension is a technical note placed directly to the right of the Character name
 that denotes HOW the character's voice will be heard by the audience. An Off-Screen voice
 can be heard from a character out of the camera range, or from another room altogether.
 Use O.S. to stand for off screen and V.O. to stand for voice over. Some writers use O.C. (off
 camera) in place of O.S. Think of a V.O. as a narration, or a character speaking while s/he
 isn't in the scene. Or s/he can be in the scene, but also acting as narrator, reflecting on and
 describing some time gone by. This dialogue is recorded and then laid in over the scene in

                             Good question.
                We don’t want anyone to get eaten today.

                                 LITTLE GIRL (O.S.)
                                    I knew that!

                                 TIGER (V.O.)
                        Please, just one step closer.

    Nowadays, in Scripts, transitions are frowned upon, a waste of a couple of lines you
 could better use for brilliant dialogue, and are only used when absolutely necessary.
 Transitions you may be familiar with are CUT TO, FADE TO, and FADE OUT. Transitions
 are aligned left and are formatted in all caps and almost always follow an Action and
 precede Scene Headings.
What it should look like

The experienced Zoo Keeper, Frank, begins cutting up a dead cow
in order to feed it to the tigers. Frank has on glasses, a white
lab coat, gum boots, and large rubber gloves. The preparation
table drips with blood from previous feedings.



Zoo visitors are crowding around the bars surrounding the tiger
enclosure as university student and Zoo Interpreter, Susan, 21,
approaches with a microphone in her hand. People move out of the
way to make a pathway so that Susan can get to the front.

           I am glad to see so many people here today
            but can all of you please move two steps
                       away from the cage.


                           LITTLE BOY
                   (with attitude)
                            What for?

                         Good question.
            We don’t want anyone to get eaten today.

                       LITTLE GIRL (O.S.)
                          I knew that!

                           TIGER (V.O.)
                      Just one step closer.
                               Writing the Script
        Now that you know about the script elements, you can begin writing. You must use the
scene heading, action, character name, and dialogue script elements in your script and if you
would like you can try to use the other script elements too. Have fun and be creative!
Group Name: __________________________                               Date:__________________

Title: ________________________________                          Scene:_________________
                                 Story Board
                                           Camera position:

                                           What is happening:

                                           What is being said:

                                           Camera position:

                                           What is happening:

                                           What is being said:

                                           Camera position:

                                           What is happening:

                                           What is being said:
                                        The Crew
Executive Producer
The executive producer organizes the backing and support for the project and finds the budget
and other resources. With a co-producer, the area of supervision of the project is covered.

Producer & Co-producer
The producer finds or decides on a script to be made into a film. The producer takes care of all
copyright clearances for the script and for music. Working from the script, the producer
organizes all the needs of the production and makes sure all crew members are prepared and
know the schedule for each day of the shoot. This involves calling production meetings with all
members of the team, including the set designer, make-up, special effects and props people,
and setting up casting auditions for the acting roles.
Working closely with the director, the producer makes sure that things happen on schedule and
within budget during production.

Screenwriter or Scriptwriter
The screenwriter creates the original story, or adapts a book, story or play for use as a script for
the film. This work can be collaborative and involve a creative team.

Casting Director
The casting director organizes auditions for choosing the right actors for the different roles in the
film, working in conjunction with the producer and director.

The director works from the script and helps to cast the actors to suit the parts in the script, in
conjunction with the casting director. The director concentrates on the narrative, the
performances, the atmosphere, and the dramatic effects. He or she controls the action, the
shots, and the continuity, working with the storyboard and in collaboration with the crew.
• It is the director’s job to steer and co-ordinate the project and to have clear goals for each
scene and for the film as a whole.
• The director will decide on the angles and shots to create the effect on the audience that the
story requires – to frighten, to surprise, to amuse, etc.
• The director calls, “Action” to start the scene and the performance, and “Cut” to finish the

Assistant Director (first and second)
The assistant director plans the shooting schedule by breaking down the script into sections that
can be filmed in a single day and in the most efficient order. The assistant director can be
viewed as the manager on the studio (or location) floor. The second assistant director organizes
the actors and makes sure they are present when required.

Production Manager
The production manager will devise a logical shooting schedule. There will be a list of props,
characters, equipment and locations needed for each sequence in the film. The production
manager prepares a call sheet for each day of shooting.

Personal Assistant (PA)
The PA is a personal assistant to the director.
Lighting Cameraman or Camerawoman, or Director of Photography (DOP)
The lighting cameraman or camerawoman determines the look of the film, in collaboration with
the director and production designer. He or she decides on the lighting set-up that is correct for
the scene, and ensures that the lights are in place and that the camera operator knows what the
scene is about.

Camera Operator
The camera operator operates the camera, adjusts focus, cleans the lens and the camera, and
maintains the camera log.

Assistant Camera Operator
The assistant camera operator looks after the safety of the camera and accessories, marks the
spots where the actors will stand and move to, and measures the distance between the camera
and the actors.

The grip is responsible for all the camera support equipment – tripods, mounts, and dollies –
and supports the camera operator on set.

Clapper Loader
The clapper loader is responsible for operating the slate or clapperboard, which is used to
synchronize sound to image and to identify the scene for editing purposes. They are also
responsible for loading the camera with tape or film.

The Gaffer
The gaffer is the main electrician on the set. He or she arranges the lighting and electrical
requirements on set in accordance with the DOP’s plans.

Continuity Person
The continuity person makes sure there is consistency between shots, that actors’ clothes don’t
vary from shot to shot, and that make-up, scars or wounds don’t change position, particularly
when shooting out of sequence. The continuity person can use a log sheet, digital camera or
Polaroid camera to record details.

Sound Mixer or Recordist
The sound mixer or recordist determines the position of microphones and recording systems,
and records and logs the sound. The recordist is responsible for the quality of the sound.

Boom Operator
The boom operator is responsible for positioning the microphone during the take to get optimum
sound quality. The microphone is mounted on a long boom or pole and records the actors’

Foley Artist
A Foley artist is someone who creates sound effects for the post-production of the film. Any
number of objects can be used to create sound effects; these can be made in a collaborative
manner, involving a team experimenting with beating, shaking, rattling and blowing on an
assortment of objects.
Production Designer or Art Director
Production design plays an important role in the success of any film, as it provides the audience
with the visual clues that establish and enhance the production content. The production
designer works closely with the producer, director and DOP to create a design style or concept
that will visually interpret and communicate a story, script or environment appropriate to the
film’s content and action.

Location Manager
The location manager searches for locations that are appropriate for the settings outlined in the
script. Permission is then obtained to use the location for the shooting of the film.

Make-up Artist
The make-up artist has to be skilled in a wide variety of make-up assignments, including
“glamour” make-up, horror make-up, scars, and wounds. In many instances, he or she is also
responsible for any hairpieces needed, such as beards, sideburns, and moustaches.

Hair and wigs are the responsibility of the hairstylist, and are critical to the look of each
character. Period films are very demanding on the hairstylist, who is often required to design
and create original hairstyles.

Costume Designer
Costume design helps the performers and the audience develop an insight into the characters
portrayed by considering their images and presentation on camera. The costume designer
creates or provides everything that is worn by the actors in the film; he or she advises on and
controls the visual impact created by all those seen on screen.

The editor is responsible for selecting the sequences and shots, and later editing the film, in
consultation with the director.

Assistant Editor
The assistant editor digitizes and logs the material for editing, and assists throughout the editing

Sound Editor
Once the picture is cut, the sound editor works on the soundtrack, matching it to the pictures.
Group Members: David, Maxine, Nicole M., Peter, Theresa, Tyler

            Chapter 4 “Competition for Trade” – Things to Know

The Fur Trade: Foundation of an Economy
    • How did the different groups trade amongst each other?
    • Who were the three major groups who took part in the fur trade and what were their
    • What were the roles of the First Nation men and women in the fur trade?
The French Fur Trade
    • How did the different officials, appointed by the King of France, change how the fur trade
         was operated? (Jean-Baptiste Colbert & Governor Marquis de Frontenac)
    • What is The Great Peace of Montreal and what is its importance?
    • Why were transportation routes during the fur trade important?
The English Fur Trade
    • Why did the English build their original forts along Hudson Bay?
Converging in the West
    • Who were the Nor’Westers, what did they do, and where did they do it?
    • What was the role of the Nor’Westers in Alberta and what was the importance of the
    • What are some of the positive and negative impacts of the fur trade on the First Nation
Group Members: Jamie, Jesse, Kathie, Kris, Miranda, Uriel, Sasha

                 Chapter 5 “War and Peace” – Things to Know
     • Why were the French and English at War?
Background to War
     • What were the French and English perspectives in North America?
     • What are some of the strengths and weaknesses that the French and British had?
Prelude to War: Acadia
     • Who were the Acadians and why were they considered to be “caught in the middle”?
The Struggle for Canada
     • What is the significance of Louisbourg and why was it important to the British and the
     • Who are the French and British Commanders and what were their views before the
          Battle on the Plains of Abraham?
     • How was the Battle on the Plains of Abraham a turning point in Canadian history?
First Nations and the War
     • What roles did the First Nations play in the war between France and England?
     • Who is Chief Pontiac and what did he do?
After the War
     • What challenges did the Canadiens, English, First Nations, and Metis face trying to live
          together in a single colony?
     • How did the Treaty of Paris, 1763, the Royal Proclamation of 1763, and the Quebec
          Act of 1774 affect the development of Canada and its people?
Group Members: Alex, Dani, Madison, Natasha, Steve, Trevor, Youngin,

              Chapter 6 “Becoming Canada” – Things to Know
     • How did the War of 1812 affect the developing Canadian identity?
Rebellion in the Thirteen Colonies
     • How did the revolution in the Thirteen Colonies and the resulting Loyalist migration affect
         Britain’s North American colonies?
Invaders or Liberators?
     • Why did the American rebel soldiers face fierce resistance from the Canadiens?
Citizens Loyal to the King
     • Who were the United Empire Loyalists and what were their reasons for opposing the
     • How were the Loyalists treated by the rebels?
Loyalists Head to Nova Scotia
     • How did the migration of the Loyalists to the British Colonies, especially Nova Scotia,
         affect the British Colonies? What was life like for the immigrants?
New Colonies
     • How were the British colonies changed with the immigration of the Loyalists?
The Loyalists Come to Quebec
     • How did the migration of the Loyalists into the western part of Quebec affect the
         Loyalists? The Anishnabe?
Building a Bilingual Country
     • How did the Constitutional Act of 1791 affect Canada? How were Upper and Lower
         Canada different?
Conflict Renewed: The War of 1812
     • Why couldn’t Britain and the United States get along?
     • How did the war of 1812 unfold? What was the impact of the war?
The Great Migration
     • Why did so many people want to leave Britain to live in the colonies?
     • Why was the trip from Britain to Canada so risky?
     • How was life for the pioneers who arrived in Canada?
     • How did the Underground Railroad affect Canada’s population?
Divided Society
     • Why did many colonists find the system of government unfair?
     • What were the different perspectives of the various groups in Lower Canada? In Upper
     • What happened in the rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada? What was the impact of
         the rebellions?
The Road to Responsible Government
     • How did Britain respond to the issues raised by the rebellions?
     • What did Lord Durham recommend should change? How was Durham prejudiced
         against the Canadiens? Why was the resulting change unfair to the Canadiens?
     • What is responsible government?
Group Members: Daylen, Jordan, Kiefer, Kristen, Kyle, Nicole J., Rachel,

          Chapter 7 “Creating a New Country” – Things to Know
Conditions for Confederation
    • Who were the parties in the Assembly and what did they want?
    • What were the issues dividing the Assembly, leading to political deadlock?
    • As Britain got richer, the mercantile system no longer made sense. How did free trade
        affect Canada?
    • What issues arose surrounding the defence of Canada?
Confederation and the Maritime Colonies
    • How would Confederation affect the Maritimes? What are the pros and cons of joining
Confederation Discussions
    • How was political deadlock broken?
What the Colonies Decided
    • How did Confederation affect each of the areas of Canada?
Dawn of a Dominion
    • How did Canada finally become a dominion?
The Structure of Canadian Government
    • What did Canada have control over? What did Britain control?
    • What were the two levels of government and what did they control?
    • Why was Canada considered a limited democracy?

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