VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 14 POSTED ON: 7/24/2012
“Eliminating skewed participation in the sector a challenge for everyone” REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA Mkhululi Mankazana Chief Director: Sector Services Young Professional Development Programme Basis REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA Skewed enrolments of students in Agriculture AGRICULTURE Poor graduate throughput rate of graduates in Agriculture Questionable capacity of South African Higher Education Institutions to generate the desired human resources needs of the country. Demand for critical and scarce skills in agriculture Drivers for skills demand in the sector The land reform programme (redistribution of 30% of the REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA Agricultural land) The AgriBEE (sector transformation charter) The National Medium Term Investment Programme that AGRICULTURE advocates for an increase investment in Agriculture to 10% of the GDP The sector plan calls for an increase in investment in Research, Training and Extension to 3% of the GDP The Accelerated and Share Growth Initiative of South Africa (AsgiSA) calls for: • Double the area under irrigation through the establishment of new and rehabilitation of existing ones • Livestock development (massification) • Biofuels • Land rehabilitation and development of agricultural corridors. Known and needed skills in the short term The extension recovery plan calls for recruitment of REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 5000 professionals in the next 5 years AGRICULTURE It is estimated that the transformation of colleges will need well trained technicians and academics to the tune of 300 professionals in the next 2 years The Bio Security Programme of DoA and the Agricultural Research Council in general need immediate attention Others The realties The sector employs between 33 000 and 42 000 people REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA with intermediate to high levels skills Our institutions of higher learning have produce on AGRICULTURE average of 2400 graduates from 2000-04 onwards This represents between 6.1% and 7.7% replacement demand The question is it adequate? The more significant question are these graduates relevant to the needs of the sector The answer is that majority are irrelevant particularly for the agriculture public sector Present Dilemmas using 2004 scenario REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 1437 AGRICULTURE 613 190 33 Diploma First Degree Masters Doctorates Degree The former Technikons produce more diploma graduate than the colleges of agriculture combined A total of 2273 were produced in 2004 and only 8.7% and 1.5% were masters and doctorate graduates. Racial breakdown of the 2004 graduates REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 1552 AGRICULTURE 764 67 19 Africans Coloureds Indians Whites Graduation Trends by gender in 2004 REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 569 480 451 433 AGRICULTURE 272 Females 188 Males Conventional Universities Universities of Colleges of Agriculture Technology There is still strong dominance of male graduates although the Universities of Technology have produced more females. Racial breakdown of enrolments within the scarce skills categories REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 208 AGRICULTURE Blacks Whites 87 29 29 27 17 BVSC BSC Agric Engineering BSC Viticulture Gender breakdown on enrolments within the scarce skills categories REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 140 AGRICULTURE 95 Females 66 Males 47 38 11 BVSC BSC Agric BSC Viticulture Engineering Racial breakdown of graduates within scarce skills categories: 2004 REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 78 AGRICULTURE Blacks 39 Whites 13 9 5 2 BVSC BSC Agric BSC Viticulture Engineering Gender breakdown of graduates within the scarce skills categories REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 55 AGRICULTURE 28 Females Males 22 19 17 5 BVSC BSC Agric Engineering BSC Viticulture What are doing? We have a set of strategies and schemes and these REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA are: - Agricultural Education and Training strategy - Agricultural Research and Development strategy AGRICULTURE - The Norms and Standards for extension and advisory services - The Norms and Standards for Agricultural Training Institutes (Colleges of Agriculture) under development - The External Bursary Scheme - The Internal Bursary Scheme - The Experiential, Internship and Professional Development Programme Policy and Schemes - The International Training Programme Policy - The International Training strategy How prospective learners can benefit REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA School going learner Graduate and Undergraduate Postgraduate Entrepreneurs Products and Services Products and Services Products and Services AGRICULTURE • Career awareness • A comprehensive • Information on bursary scheme business • A comprehensive opportunities external bursary • Internship support scheme to cover: • Enrolment to the Agri • Enrolment to the Industry Development - Learners Professional Programme requirements Development Programme to • Industry placement - Monthly stipend etc encourage and provision of • Experiential Training postgraduate placement allowances arrangement • Support if required • Currently influencing • The PDP get a higher the SMME strategy to allowance offer products targeting young people The details will be provided by my colleagues this afternoon.
Pages to are hidden for
"LAND AGRARIAN REFORM SOUTH AFRICA LARSA AgriSETA"Please download to view full document