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LAND AGRARIAN REFORM SOUTH AFRICA LARSA AgriSETA

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LAND AGRARIAN REFORM SOUTH AFRICA LARSA AgriSETA Powered By Docstoc
					                “Eliminating skewed participation in the
                    sector a challenge for everyone”


 REPUBLIC OF
SOUTH AFRICA




               Mkhululi Mankazana
               Chief Director: Sector Services
Young Professional Development Programme
Basis                                                     REPUBLIC OF
                                                         SOUTH AFRICA




 Skewed enrolments of students in Agriculture




                                                           AGRICULTURE
 Poor graduate throughput rate of graduates in
  Agriculture

 Questionable capacity of South African Higher
  Education Institutions to generate the desired human
  resources needs of the country.
 Demand for critical and scarce skills in agriculture
Drivers for skills demand in the sector
 The land reform programme (redistribution of 30% of the                 REPUBLIC OF
                                                                         SOUTH AFRICA


  Agricultural land)
 The AgriBEE (sector transformation charter)
 The National Medium Term Investment Programme that




                                                                           AGRICULTURE
  advocates for an increase investment in Agriculture to
  10% of the GDP
 The sector plan calls for an increase in investment in
  Research, Training and Extension to 3% of the GDP
 The Accelerated and Share Growth Initiative of South
  Africa (AsgiSA) calls for:
    •   Double the area under irrigation through the establishment of
        new and rehabilitation of existing ones
    •   Livestock development (massification)
    •   Biofuels
    •   Land rehabilitation and development of agricultural corridors.
Known and needed skills in the short term

 The extension recovery plan calls for recruitment of        REPUBLIC OF
                                                             SOUTH AFRICA



  5000 professionals in the next 5 years




                                                               AGRICULTURE
 It is estimated that the transformation of colleges will
  need well trained technicians and academics to the tune
  of 300 professionals in the next 2 years

 The Bio Security Programme of DoA and the
  Agricultural Research Council in general need
  immediate attention

 Others
The realties
 The sector employs between 33 000 and 42 000 people            REPUBLIC OF
                                                                SOUTH AFRICA

  with intermediate to high levels skills

 Our institutions of higher learning have produce on




                                                                  AGRICULTURE
  average of 2400 graduates from 2000-04 onwards

 This represents between 6.1% and 7.7% replacement
  demand

 The question is it adequate? The more significant
  question are these graduates relevant to the needs of
  the sector

 The answer is that majority are irrelevant particularly for
  the agriculture public sector
Present Dilemmas using 2004 scenario
                                                               REPUBLIC OF
                                                              SOUTH AFRICA
      1437




                                                                AGRICULTURE
                     613


                                    190
                                                   33

    Diploma      First Degree    Masters       Doctorates
                                 Degree


   The former Technikons produce more diploma graduate
    than the colleges of agriculture combined
   A total of 2273 were produced in 2004 and only 8.7% and
    1.5% were masters and doctorate graduates.
Racial breakdown of the 2004 graduates
                                                 REPUBLIC OF
                                                SOUTH AFRICA




       1552




                                                  AGRICULTURE
                                        764




                    67         19

      Africans   Coloureds   Indians   Whites
Graduation Trends by gender in 2004
                                                                                   REPUBLIC OF
                                                                                  SOUTH AFRICA

                             569
                                                           480
              451                    433




                                                                                    AGRICULTURE
       272                                                              Females

                                                    188                 Males




Conventional Universities   Universities of   Colleges of Agriculture
                             Technology




 There is still strong dominance of male graduates
 although the Universities of Technology have
 produced more females.
Racial breakdown of enrolments within the
scarce skills categories
                                                                    REPUBLIC OF
                                                                   SOUTH AFRICA




                                                 208




                                                                     AGRICULTURE
                                                          Blacks
                                                          Whites
           87


                     29     29            27
      17


       BVSC     BSC Agric Engineering   BSC Viticulture
Gender breakdown on enrolments within the
scarce skills categories
                                                           REPUBLIC OF
                                                          SOUTH AFRICA



                                      140




                                                            AGRICULTURE
                                 95
                                                Females
      66
                                                Males
                       47
           38

                 11


       BVSC     BSC Agric     BSC Viticulture
                Engineering
Racial breakdown of graduates within scarce
skills categories: 2004
                                                          REPUBLIC OF
                                                         SOUTH AFRICA




          78




                                                           AGRICULTURE
                                                Blacks
                                       39
                                                Whites


                       13
                 9
      5                          2

      BVSC      BSC Agric     BSC Viticulture
                Engineering
Gender breakdown of graduates within the
scarce skills categories
                                                                   REPUBLIC OF
                                                                  SOUTH AFRICA



    55




                                                                    AGRICULTURE
         28                                             Females
                                                        Males
                                               22
                                        19
                          17


                    5


     BVSC     BSC Agric Engineering   BSC Viticulture
What are doing?
 We have a set of strategies and schemes and these                     REPUBLIC OF
                                                                       SOUTH AFRICA


  are:
    -   Agricultural Education and Training strategy
    -   Agricultural Research and Development strategy




                                                                         AGRICULTURE
    -   The Norms and Standards for extension and advisory
        services
    -   The Norms and Standards for Agricultural Training Institutes
        (Colleges of Agriculture) under development
    -   The External Bursary Scheme
    -   The Internal Bursary Scheme
    -   The Experiential, Internship and Professional Development
        Programme Policy and Schemes
    -   The International Training Programme Policy
    -   The International Training strategy
How prospective learners can benefit
                                                                               REPUBLIC OF
                                                                              SOUTH AFRICA
   School going learner            Graduate and
   Undergraduate                   Postgraduate              Entrepreneurs



 Products and Services      Products and Services    Products and Services




                                                                                AGRICULTURE
 • Career awareness        • A comprehensive        • Information on
                             bursary scheme           business
 • A comprehensive
                                                      opportunities
   external bursary        • Internship support
   scheme to cover:                                 • Enrolment to the Agri
                           • Enrolment to the
                                                      Industry Development
   - Learners                Professional
                                                      Programme
   requirements              Development
                             Programme to           • Industry placement
   - Monthly stipend etc
                             encourage                and provision of
 • Experiential Training     postgraduate             placement allowances
                             arrangement
 • Support if required                              • Currently influencing
                           • The PDP get a higher     the SMME strategy to
                             allowance                offer products
                                                      targeting young
                                                      people




   The details will be provided by my colleagues this
    afternoon.

				
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posted:7/24/2012
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