0 Application- software that helps you perform a specific task on your computer
0 Arrow Keys- The four keys at the bottom of the keyboard that move the cursor up, down, left and right.
0 Body Posture- correct body position while keyboarding 1. Sit up straight 2. Feet flat on floor 3. Looking at monitor (not keyboard) 4.
Fingers slightly curved 5. Arms at 90 degrees
0 CD-ROM- (Compact Disc Ready Only Memory} A storage device containing up to 650 MB of data. Most software programs now come on
Cd-Rom. Cd-Roms are usually inserted into and accessed from the “D drive” on the PC.
0 Click- To press and release the left mouse button once. Used to select menu and dialogue box options and toolbar buttons.
0 Close- A menu option, usually found under the File menu, which shuts the active document, but not the program. A document can also be
closed by clicking the close button in its top right-hand corner.
0 Computer- is an electronic machine. Made up of several components that can be instructed to store, process, and manipulate data at very
fast speeds. It is also a tool used to do work.
0 Computer teachers- are those who teach people computer literacy and how to use the computer.
0 CPU- (Central Processing Unit) The brain of your PC, which carries out millions of arithmetic and control functions every second. The
power of a CPU is usually defined by its speed in MegaHertz (MHz), which is the number of times it “thinks” per second. For example, a 400
MHz CPU carries out 400 million calculations per second.
0 Cursor- A marker, usually a flashing vertical line, that indicates where the next letter or digit typed in will appear in the document.
0 Disk- A device for storing digital information. A hard disk is composed of a stack of rigid disks; a floppy disk has just one flexible plastic
0 Disk drive – hardware that reads magnetically sensitive disks (hard disk drive, floppy disk drive, CD-Rom)
0 Double Click- To press and release the left mouse button twice in quick succession.
0 Drive- A device that holds a disk. The drive has a motor that spins the disk, and a head that reads it- like the needle on a record player.
0 DVD- (Digital Versatile Disc) A Cd-like disc that can store 4.7 GB or more of information- several times more data that a Cd-Rom.
0 Enter Key- key that confirms a command, sending it to the CPU
0 ESC key- (Escape key) used to close a program or dialog box
0 Exit- to stop and leave a program
0 Floppy disk- A portable data storage device. Each 3.5-inch disk can hold up to 1.44 MB of information. Often used to back up data from
the hard disk.
0 Floppy Disk Drive
0 Hard disk- A computer’s high-speed storage device. It contains the operating system, the programs and all created files. The hard disk is
referred to as the “C drive.”
0 Home Row- the proper finger positioning for keyboarding to improve speed and accuracy (A, S, D, F, J, K, L, semicolon.)
0 Icon- A graphic representation of a file or a function, which is designed to be easily recognizable as the item it represents. For example, the
printer icon on the toolbar accesses the print function.
0 Keyboard- is a peripheral device that lets you “talk” to the computer. You press the keys on the keyboard to tell the computer what to do.
0 Log off- disconnect from the remote computer
0 Log on- The process of accessing computers, files, or Web sites using a password or other instructions.
0 Menu Bar- The line of menu options that runs along the top of a window. When a menu is selected, its entire list of options (a drop-down
menu) will be displayed.
0 Monitor- The viewing screen on which you see your computer’s files. Images are made up of thousands of tiny dots.
0 Mouse- an input device that moves the cursor to different positions
0 Mouse Pointer- A small arrow on screen that moves when the mouse is moved. Other representations of the pointer- depending on the
program being used and the type of action being carried out- include a pointing hand, a pen and a cross. When you click in a text document,
the cursor will appear.
0 Open- To look inside a file or folder to view its contents. To open a file, or folder, either double clicks on it, right click on it and select
Open from the pop-up menu, or selects it, go to the File menu and click Open.
0 Point- one of three things the mouse does- lets you select and manipulate information by denoting where you are.
0 Printer- is a device attached to your computer that prints information processed by your computer onto a piece of paper
0 Program- Software that allows the user to interact with the computer’s hardware to perform a specific type of task. For instance, a word
processing program allows the user to direct the computer in all aspects of handling and presenting text.
0 Scanner- A device for converting images on paper into electronic images that can then be manipulated and reproduced by a PC.
0 Screen- is the display area on your monitor
0 Shortcut- An icon on the Desktop that links to a file, folder or program stored on the hard disk. It is created to provide quicker access to
the file and looks identical to the icon of the linked item, except that it has a small arrow in the bottom left-hand corner.
0 Space bar- moves the cursor right, divides words
0 Start Button- The button on the left of the taskbar through which users can access
0 Window- the screen image
1 Alignment- a style of formatting that allows placing the text in the center, left margin, and right margin.
1 Caps Lock- key which changes lower case letter to upper case. It does not affect number keys.
1 ClipArt- Graphic images that can be inserted into text-based documents and then resized and manipulated.
1 Comma- a character used to separate a series of words or numbers.
1 Delete- To remove a selected file, folder, image or piece of text completely. If you delete text or another item from a document, you can
immediately undelete it using the Edit/Undo function or the Undo toolbar button.
1 Desktop- When Windows has finished starting up, it presents you with a set of icons on screen. The icons represent the items you would
find in an office, such as files, a wastebasket and a briefcase. These icons, together with the Taskbar and Start button are known collectively
as the Desktop.
1 Filename- characters you choose to identify a particular file. It should relate to the file itself.
1 Font- A specific point size, style, color and set of characters for a typeface (e.g., 12 point Arial Bold.) A typeface is a particular type design
1 Format- To establish the appearance of a document- for example, its typography, layout and so on.
1 Graphics- Pictures, photographs or illustrations, Clipart and any other type of image.
1 Insertion point- entering text or graphics at the cursor
1 Print- is putting your work from the computer’s screen onto a piece of paper
1 Pull-down menu- is a list of choices that appear when a menu bar item has been clicked. Hold the mouse key down to read the pull down
1 Punctuation Keys
1 Recycle Bin- A desktop feature that allows you to delete files. To delete a file completely, drag it on to the Recycle Bin, right click and
select Empty Recycle Bin from the menu.
1 Resize- is to make bigger or smaller
1 Save As- A way of saving a file under a different name or format. If the file was previously saved under a different name or format, that
version will remain unchanged. This is useful for saving an edited file, while still keeping the original.
1 Save- To copy a document to the computer’s hard disk for future use. Either press the Ctrl + “S” keys on the keyboard or go to the File
menu and click on Save.
1 Scroll- To move through the contents of a window or menu vertically or horizontally
1 Select- To choose a file, folder, image, text or other item, by clicking on it or highlighting it, before manipulating it. For example, selecting
some text before styling it.
1 Shift Key- a key pressed to enter uppercase letters or punctuation marks
1 Software- Programs that allow users to perform specific functions, such as to write a letter. Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Outlook are
examples of software.
1 Styling- establishing the appearance of the contents of a file. For example, by making text bold (heavier looking and more distinct) or italic
(slanting to the right), or by changing its color and size.
1 Toolbar- A bar or window containing clickable buttons used to issue commands or access functions. For example, spreadsheet programs
have a toolbar that contains buttons that are clicked on to perform calculations or add decimal places. Other toolbars include ones for dealing
with pictures or drawing.
1 Zoom- To enlarge an area of a document for ease of viewing
2 Browser- the name given to a piece of software which allows users to access and browse the World Wide Web. Netscape Navigator and
Internet Explorer or examples of browsers.
2 Calculator- an accessory that performs the same functions as simple calculator
2 Characters- are letters, numbers, and symbols that are used on your keyboard.
2 Document- a single piece of work created in a program. Also referred to as a file.
2 Internet- Millions of computers throughout the world linked together via telephone and cable lines. Computer users can communicate
with each other and exchange information over the Internet with a phone communication to their Internet service provider.
2 Navigation- is the process of moving through a program or project.
2 Print Preview- On screen display that show users exactly how the active document will look when printed.
2 QWERTY- the line of letters in the top row of the most widely used keyboard
2 Slide- are each page of a multimedia project. (AKA: scenes or cards)
2 Slide Show/Presentation- is multimedia presentations were each slide is a picture or page in a word processing document. When in
slide show mode, each picture or page is displayed one at a time.
2 Status Bar- A bar that appears along the bottom of program windows, giving users information about the document being worked on.
2 Surfing- is to explore the Internet by jumping from one site to another.
2 URL - (Uniform Resource Locator) A standard style used for all Internet addresses on the World Wide Web. The first part of
the URL (such as yahoo. com) indicates the location of a computer on the Internet. Anything that follows- such as
2 Web page- a page that may contain text, graphics, still and moving images, and sounds linked to other Web pages by hyperlinks.
2 Web site- a collection of web pages on the WWW which are connected around a central theme or home page
2 Word Wrap- in word processing it wraps the words down to the beginning of the next line if they go beyond the margin
2 WordArt- A graphic text image that can be customized and imported into a document for decorative effect.
2 Words Per Minute
2 World Wide Web- The part of the Internet, composed of millions of linked Web pages that can be viewed using Web browsing software.
Other functions of the Internet, such as e-mail, are not part of the World Wide Web.
3 Automated Search- the most commonly used engines are automated and are used to obtain information
3 Bookmark- shortcuts, which take you directly to the desired Web page.
3 Center align- is to center words in the middle of the page. The words will be evenly spaced from left and right margins.
3 Columns- are the vertical spaces in a spreadsheet. Columns are headed with letters.
3 Copy- To make a duplicate of a file, image or section of text.
3 Cut- To remove selected text and/or images to the Clipboard, where they are stored for later use.
3 End Key- used in word processing to move the cursor to the end of the line
3 History list- a list of sites, which have been accessed through a WWW browser to arrive at the current location. This is a good way of
documenting the pathway you took to reach a certain information source.
3 Home Page- the main or index page of a web site
3 Hyperlink- a hypertext link that can be in text or graphic form. Onscreen links are shown with a different color or as underlined text. The
cursor will change to a “hand” when over an active link.
3 Justification- the alignment of lines of text along the left margin, right margin, or both margins
3 Keyword- a word, or group of words, that are used to access information in a search engine or subject directory.
3 Links- highlighted text on the screen, which will take you to another Internet location when you click on that part of the screen.
3 Maximize- To increase the size of a window so that it fills the entire screen. The Maximize button is the middle button in the set of three in
the top right-hand corner of a window. Once used, this button becomes a Restore button. Click on it to restore the window to its original size.
3 Minimize- To reduce a window to a button on the Taskbar. The Minimize button is the left button in the set of three in the top right-hand
corner of a window. To restore the window to the screen, click on its button in the Taskbar.
3 Multimedia Presentation- is a presentation involving multiple forms of media, such as text, video, graphics, animation, and sound.
Multimedia is to use, involve, or encompass several media or a combination of various forms of media. Special effects add to the total impact
of showing material through this medium.
3 Numerical keypad- a grouping of the number keys for fast input of numerical information.
3 Paste- The insertion into a document of text or other data that has previously been cut or copied.
3 Pathname- the route that is used to get to a particular file. It includes the following components, which are usually separated using a
forward slash (/)
3 Search Engines- Huge databases on the World Wide Web that are used to locate information on the Internet. They can look for either key
words or phrases or for categories, then sub-categories.
3 Shareware- Programs, or reduced versions of programs, that can be sampled for free for a limited period. Users must then purchase the
program to continue to use it.
3 Storyboard- is a series of panels or descriptions depicting the content and order of a multimedia presentation, story or book.
3 Tab- A function used for setting and presetting the position of text.
3 Tab Key- A key on the keyboard used to tabulate text, to move between cells in spreadsheets or to move from one database field to the
3 Taskbar- A bar usually situated along the bottom of the screen in Windows that displays the Start button and buttons for all the programs
and documents that are currently open. The Taskbar can be moved to any of the four sides of the screen by clicking on it and dragging it to a
3 Title Bar
3 View- A menu in many programs through which users can change the way a file is displayed on screen. For example, in a works database,
users can choose to see a document in List, Form or Form Design View.
3 Virus- A program designed to damage a computer system. Viruses can be “caught” through floppy disks or through programs downloaded.
3 Word Processing- Text based operations on the PC, such as letter writing.
4 Clipboard- When text is cut or copied from a document it is stored on the Clipboard. The clipboard stores only one piece of data at a time,
regardless of its size- anything from a comma to this whole glossary and more. Each new cut or copy automatically overwrites the previous
material on the clipboard. You can put the current cut or copied material back into as many documents as you like using the paste command.
4 Copyright- is legal protection for the author, forbidding unauthorized copies of software or documents
4 Directory- a file folder on your computer, which contains files.
4 Drag- A mouse action used to highlight text, reshape objects or move an object or file. To move an object, for instance, with the mouse
pointer, click on it and keep the left mouse button held down. Move the mouse pointer and the object moves with it.
4 Edit- to make changes to your document
4 Folder- An electronic storage compartment used to keep related files and relevant documents in the same place on the hard disk.
4 Footer- in word processing text at the bottom of a page
4 Gramar Check
4 Header- The area at the top of a page in a document. Text entered in the header (such as a title) appears on every page of the document.
4 Highlight- to select a word, a section of text or a group of cells, by clicking and dragging over them using the mouse.
4 Install- To copy a program onto the hard disk and then set it up so it is ready for use. Programs are usually installed from a CD-ROM.
4 Landscape- an option available when creating a document. Users can choose to set up a page as either Landscape (of greater width than
height) or Portrait (of greater height than width), depending on how they want the final version of the document to appear.
4 Linear- is a program in which navigational choices are limited to what comes before or after the screen.
4 Local Area Network- (LAN) is when two or more computers are networked within the confines of one room or building.
4 Network- The connection of several computers and printers so that they can share files and messages.
4 Offline- not connected to a computer network (local or wide area)
4 Online- connected to a computer network
4 Orientation- An option available when creating a document. Users can choose to set up a page as either Landscape (of greater width than
height) or Portrait (of greater height than width), depending on how they want the final version of the document to appear.
4 Portrait- is selecting vertical orientation as opposed to horizontal orientation when printing.
4 Prompt- A window that appears on screen to remind users that additional information is required.
4 Right Click
4 Slide Design
4 Spell Check- to check for the correct spelling of a word
4 Template- A format for saving a document, such as a letterhead the basic elements of which you want to use regularly. When you open a
template, a copy of it appears for you to work on; the template itself remains unaltered for further use.
4 Undo- A function in some programs that allows you to reverse the task (or last three tasks) most recently carried out. Go to the Edit menu
and click on Undo.
4 Uninstall- To remove programs from the PC’s hard disk. Software is available for uninstalling programs that do not contain an inbu8ilt
4 Utilities- Software that assists in certain computer functions, such as uninstalling and virus scanning.
5 Animation- Time-phased moving graphic images that give the impression of motion such as in motion picture cartoons or video graphic
movements of objects about the screen.
5 Audio File- A file containing a digital recording of sound. In Windows, audio files usually have “. wav” after the file name.
5 BEMUCH- Balance, Emphasis, Movement, Unity, Contrast, Harmony
5 Borders- a graphic that is used to border text boxes, margins of the documents, etc.
5 Bullets- a format style used for keeping lists and important ideas
5 Cite Sources
5 Data- Any information processed by, or stored on, a computer.
5 Digital Camera- is a camera that takes pictures digitally, as opposed to using film.
5 Digital Image- An image stored in number format, which can be transferred to hard disks or removable storage disks, displayed on screen
5 Download- To copy a file or program from another computer to your own. For example, when you collect e-mail from an Internet service
provider, you are downloading it.
5 File- Any item stored on a computer, for example, a program, a document or an image.
5 File Management- an organized system to keep your files and documents
5 Graphics Program- are drawing or painting programs. A drawing program allows you to experiment with lines and shapes, forming
individual items. A painting program gives you a blank canvas on which to create.
5 Multimedia- Sound, images, animated graphics, text and video are all different types of media- means of communicating. A single
document using more than one of these can be said to be a multimedia document. A computer able to provide and handle different media is
generally referred to as a multimedia computer.
5 Query- request information from a search engine or database
5 Replace- a text processing utility that searches for a series of characters and replaces it with another series of characters
5 Row- is a horizontal group of cells in a spreadsheet. Rows are named with numbers.
5 Screen Design
5 Sound File- A file containing audio data. To hear the sound, double-click on the file (you will need speakers and a sound card.)
5 Spreadsheet- A document for storing and calculating numerical data. Spreadsheets are used mainly for financial planning and accounting.
5 Subject directories- created by humans (unlike search engines which use a robot to collect information) so humans must update the
information contained in the directories periodically. An advantage of subject directories is that since humans control the content there may
be some form of quality control.
5 Transitions- are the special effects used when moving from one slide to another.
5 Video File- A file containing a digital recording of sound and motion image. In Windows, video files usually have “. mpg” after the file
6 .gif file- (Graphics Interchange Format) A common format extension, used for storing images and bitmapped color graphics, especially on
6 Acceptable Use Policy- a written policy outlining appropriate use of the computers and Internet networks that is usually within a school
district or individual school building.
6 Active Window- The window you are working in. To activate a window, click on it, and it will jump to the front of your screen, in front of
any other windows.
6 Alt Key- used with another key to perform a specific task
6 Auto Sum
6 Back-up- saving of computer work on a disk, hard drive, or paper to protect against information loss.
6 Bandwidth- used to indicate the amount of data that can be carried over a transmission line.
6 Binary- the two-number codes of ones and zeros
6 Boolean- methods of combining concepts to gain the result you want in a search engine. Use the following connectors: and, or, not.
6 Byte- a way of measuring data: one byte= 8 characters. Bytes can also be used to indicate how much data is being transferred at a particular
6 Cache- a part of the computers memory that is set aside for storing recently used information. This speeds up the access time when you
wish to retrieve the data, since it is stored on your local hard drive.
6 Cell- A small rectangular section of a spreadsheet or database, into which text or figures are entered. Click on a cell to make it active, ready
for entering data.
6 Cell Address- is the exact location of a specific cell. It is formed by noting the intersection of the column and row. (E.g. C4)
6 Chip- A device that processes information at the most basic level within a computer. A processor chip carries out calculations and a memory
chip stores data.
6 Circuit- a set of electronic components that perform a particular function in an electronic system. It is the path that electricity follows.
6 Circuit Boards- are made of plastic and contain chips, metal tracks, and electronic devices such as resistors, transistors, and capacitors.
6 Cold boot- starting you system by turning on the power switch
6 Concept-based- a search for your term plus synonyms of that term (for example if you type in searching “mad cow disease” the search
engine will also search for the scientific name “bovine spongiform encephalopathy”).
6 Control Key- used with another key to perform certain tasks
6 Crop- is cutting off part of your graphics so that it will fit into a provided space
6 Cyberspace- the name given to electronic computer communications
6 Data Compression- data is squeezed together to take up less space. This is most often used with graphics files designated – JPEG or GIF
6 Database- A program used for storing, organizing and sorting information. Each entry is called a record, and each category in a record is
called a field.
6 Dedicated line- a telephone line that is directly connected to the Internet and used only for that purpose.
6 Dialogue Box- A window that appears on screen displaying a message from the program currently in use. This usually asks for preferences
or information to be input by the user.
6 Digital- Data that exists in binary number form as “zeros” and “ones.” Computers process digital data. (1=on, and 0=off)
6 Domain Name- the Internet name for a particular computer network or system. These are indicated in an Internet address by the
designations: .edu, .org, .gov, .com, etc.
6 Drawing tools- allow you to select the tools with which you will draw
6 E-mail- (electronic mail) Messages sent from one computer to another through the Internet.
6 Export- to output data in a form that another program can read
6 FAQ- frequently asked questions, usually an excellent source for basic information on various topics related to the Internet.
6 Field- A category of information in a database, such as Name, Address or Telephone Number.
6 Field Searching- allows searching of different “areas” of the document. For example you could search for the keyword in just the title
field of a web document or you might search for headings or an image within a document.
6 File Extension- A three-letter code that appears at the end of a file name to indicate its format.
6 File format- The way in which files created by different programs are saved. This differs from program to program, so that one program
may have difficulty reading files created by another. Common file format extensions are listed below: .wav .mgp .avi .mp3 .jpg .tif
6 Firewall- a combination of computer software and hardware, which allows you to deny Internet access to parts of your computer server or
6 Formula- is a string of commands used in a spreadsheet to add, subtract, average, and otherwise calculate a series of numbers automatically
6 Frames- a way of dividing the screen up into separate, smaller windows, which can be accessed independently of each other. Frames have
their own scroll bars and are actually the same as individual Web pages.
6 FTP- (file transfer protocol) the way in which computers exchange files over the Internet.
6 Function- is a built in equation that can be used to generate a value from your formula.
6 Gigabyte (GB)- A unit of memory capacity. A single gigabyte is 1,000 megabytes, which is equivalent to almost 200 copies of the Bible.
6 Gopher- a text-based, menu oriented system, which can still be found at some US Government sites and at a number of overseas sites. They
are more common in foreign countries since they can provide faster loading times and store more text materials than Web servers.
6 Graph- is a picture that shows data by using bars, lines, or symbols
6 Hardware- The physical parts of a computer, including the system unit, monitor, keyboard and mouse.
6 Hits- the common term for the number of matches found when doing an Internet search.
6 Host- the computer that contains the Internet software and other information pertinent to a particular server.
6 Http- (Hypertext Transport Protocol) the way that servers and clients communicate with each other on the World Wide Web.
6 Hypertext mark-up language (html)- the language that is used to format and create Web documents.
6 Import- To bring in and use an element, such as text, a picture or ClipArt image, from another file into the active document.
6 Input device- any peripheral that assists you in getting data into the computer (mouse, keyboard, scanner, modem, etc)
6 Input- information entered into the computer
6 JPEG- (Joint Photographic Experts Group) a compressed format for storing images so that they use less storage space on a computer.
6 Kilobyte (Kb)- A unit of memory capacity. A single kilobyte is equivalent to 1,000 bytes. A short letter created in Word uses about 20 KB.
6 Load- the act of inputting information into a computer
6 Mail Merge- word processing program that uses a database of names and address to address a form letter
6 Margin- is the number of spaces between the right and left edges of a page, as well at the top and bottom edges.
6 Megabyte (Mb)- A unit of memory capacity. A single megabyte is 1,000 kilobytes, which is equivalent to a 400-page novel.
6 Memory- A computer’s capacity for storing information.
6 Meta-index- an index of search engines and subject directories; will do a simultaneous search on many different search engines and
subject directories; good for simple searches where a comprehensive search isn’t required.
6 Microprocessor- is an integrated circuit that contains the arithmetic, logic, and control units necessary for the operation of a computer.
6 MIDI- (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) a universal standard language by which specially adapted musical instruments communicates
with computers. MIDI cable leads are required to connect the instrument to the computer.
6 Modem- the device used to access a remoter computer using a phone line, cable, etc.
6 Motherboard- The circuit board that houses a PC’s central processing unit (see CPU), some memory and slots into which expansions
cards can be fitted.
6 My Computer- An icon found on any PC desktop running Windows. Click on the icon to access all the computer hardware present in the
system, such as the hard drive [C:], floppy drive [A:], CD-ROM drive [D:], printer and tools for monitoring and adjusting the system set-up.
6 My Documents- An icon found on any PC Desktop running Windows. Stores files that users have created themselves.
6 Non-linear- indicates a program in which the user has a variety of navigational choices on a particular screen.
6 Online Help
6 Operating System- The software that controls the running of a computer, allowing, for example, programs to communicate with
hardware devices such as printers. Windows is now the most popular operating system for PCs.
6 Output- is a type of peripheral device that displays information for you. (E.g. monitor, printer, etc.)
6 Page Break- The point at which one page ends and another begins. In Microsoft Word, a page break can be inserted by pressing the Ctrl
and Enter keys at the same time.
6 Parallel port- A socket at the rear of a system unit that allows you to connect a printer.
6 Peripheral-Additional computer equipment, such as a printer or scanner, attached by cable to the system unit.
6 Pixel- An individual dot on a computer screen. The number of pixels horizontally and vertically on the screen determines the level of detail
and quality of image that can displayed. This can be set and altered by the user.
6 Plug-ins- Programs that are needed to open and run certain files, such as video clips or sound files. Web sites often provide plug-ins for
visitors to download, so that they are able to view the entire site.
6 Port- A socket at the rear of the system unit that allows users to connect a monitor, printer or a peripheral device, such as a modem.
6 PPP- Point to Point protocol, which allows you to communicate using TCP/IP from your computer and a modem. This is the most
commonly used protocol.
6 Processing- is the manipulation of data by the computer so that it can be transformed into meaningful information.
6 Processor- The central processing unit (CPU) of a PC.
6 Properties- The attributes of a file or folder, such as its creation date and format. Some properties, such as the author’s name can be
altered. To access the Properties window, right-click on an item and select Properties form the pop-up menu.
6 Protocol- a set of instructions or procedures used by Internet connection software, which establishes a standard way of transferring
6 Proximity- a method of combining keywords to be NEAR, ADJACENT TO, WITHIN X WORDS OF searching the next keyword.
6 Quick cam- computer compatible camera capable of sending video or still pictures over a network. Used for video conferencing.
6 RAM- (Random Access Memory) Memory chips used for the temporary storage of information such as the currently active file.
6 Record- An individual entry in a database comprising several categories of information. For example, an address book database comprises
entries- or records- each of which has a name, address and telephone number.
6 Resolution- The degree of detail on a screen or a printed document. It is measured in dots per inch (dpi). The more dots per square inch, the
greater the detail.
6 ROM- (Read Only Memory) Memory chips used by the computer for storing basic details about the PC, such as BIOS.
6 Router- a hardware device for transferring information between networks
6 Run Command- A Windows feature that allows you to type in the name of the program you wish to use, or the DOS command you wish to
use, or the DOS command you wish to execute. To enter a Command, go to the Start menu and click on Run.
6 Search Files and Folders
6 Serial Port- A socket at the rear of the system unit that allows one of a number of peripheral devices, including a modem, to be connected.
Most PC’s have two serial ports, identified as COM1 and COM2.
6 Slip- (serial line internet protocol) a software program that allows you to connect to the Internet using a serial port or a modem.
6 Sound Card- A device that lets users record, play and edit sound files. Fits into an expansion slot within the system unit.
6 TCP/IP- (transmission control protocol/Internet Protocol) defines the Internet. Your browser must have this software for you to connect to
6 Telnet- software program, which allows you to connect to a remote computer.
6 Thread- a collection of responses/articles dealing with a single posting or e-mail message.
6 Tile- To reduce in size a group of open windows and then arrange them so that they can all be seen on screen together at once.
6 Toggle- is to jump back and forth between two or more programs. Usually you will minimize a program to open a new program and then
toggle back to the first programs.
6 Transistor- semiconductors used to open and close an electronic circuit.
6 Upgrade- To improve the performance or specification of a PC by adding new hardware components such as a higher capacity disk drive.
6 Upload- the opposite of download: you send a file to another server for other users to view.
6 USB- (Universal Serial Bus) A hardware connector that allows users to add devices such as mouse, modems and keyboards to a computer
without having to restart.
6 Vacuum Tube- electronic bulbs, resembling light bulbs, without air used to power early computers- were not reliable.
6 Validity of Website
6 Warm boot- a system restart by using CTRL, ALT and DELETE keys
6 Web server- the remote computer, which houses all the web files and software
6 Wide Area Network- (WAN) is a connection of computers over long distances throughout the world through satellite and
6 Wildcards- these allow you to search for strings of words or for differences of spelling within words (e.g. “wom*n will find woman,
women). Remember to use wildcard symbol as used by the search engine that you are using.
6 Zip file- A file that has been compressed with the WinZip compression program. The term is not related to Zip drives or disks.
13 Abacus- the first counting and calculating machine invented by the Chinese about 4,000 years ago.
13 Babbage, Charles- the father of computers
13 Zip disk- A portable storage device that is capable of storing up to 200 MB of information. Zip disks require a separate drive.
1. The location of the information (drive letter)
2. The directory name
3. The subdirectory, if one is present
4. The file name with an extension
1. Sit up straight 2. Feet flat on floor 3. Looking at monitor (not keyboard) 4. Fingers slightly curved 5. Arms at 90
2. Feet flat on floor
3. Looking at monitor (not keyboard)
4. Fingers slightly curved
5. Arms at 90 degrees