The Constitution of the United States

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The Constitution of the United States Powered By Docstoc
					Tuesday Bell Ringer
• federalism: government divided into layers;
  national, state, local
• popular sovereignty: the people have the power
  to create, alter, and abolish their government
• limited government: government has only the
  powers that the Constitution gives it
• republicanism: government in which citizens
  choose representatives to govern them
• checks & balances: each branch of government
  has the ability to stop the other branches from
  getting too powerful
 The Constitution
of the United States

         We will identify
     the sections of the US
   using a graphic organizer.
  The Thing to Remember is 7
Preamble + 7 Articles +       7 Principles
Bill of Rights
  I. The Legislative Branch   •   Popular Sovereignty
 II. The Executive Branch     •   Limited Government
III.The Judicial Branch       •   Separation of Powers
IV.The States                 •   Checks and Balances
V. Amendments                 •   Federalism
VI.Supremacy Clause           •   Republicanism
VII.How Constitution is       •   Individual Rights
The Preamble
• We the people of the United States
• in order to form a more perfect union,
• establish justice,
• ensure domestic tranquility,
• provide for the common defense,
• promote the general welfare, and
• secure the blessing of liberty to
  ourselves and our posterity
• do ordain and establish this
  Constitution for the United States of
            Article I –
      The Legislative Branch
• Are YOUR Representatives
• Establishes Congress made up of two parts:
  House of Representatives determined by
  the population of each state for 2 year terms
• and the Senate with 2 senators from each
  state for 6 year terms
• (Great Compromise)
• Power to tax, declare war
        Article II –
   The Executive Branch
• Establishes presidency without a
  term limit
• Each state elects presidential electors
  based on number of congressmen. The
  electors then elect the president
• Power to negotiate treaties, create
  departments necessary to enforce laws,
  veto laws, appoint Supreme Court
• Commander in Chief of Armed Services
             Article III –
         The Judicial Branch
• Established the Supreme Court
• REVIEW LAWS (although not an original
  intention of framers)
• Serve for life after being appointed by
  president and approved by Senate
• Power to settle certain specific cases
 Checks and Balances

Can override     Can veto bill   Can say law is
veto with 2/3    proposed by     unconstitutional
vote of both     Congress        after being
houses                           passed
Decides how      Chooses         Can rule
many justices    justices        presidential or
are on Supreme                   Congressional
Court                            action
Article IV- The States
(The Federal System)
 •   Establish local governments
 •   Conduct elections
 •   Regulate state commerce
 •   Establish and maintain schools
 •   Make marriage and divorce laws
 •   Provide for public safety
 •   Raise and support a militia
                   Article V –
Step One

           •By Congress whenever two-thirds
           of both Houses deem it necessary
           •BY A CONVENTION called by
           Congress on the application of two-
           thirds of the state legislatures
Step Two

           •BY LEGISLATURES of three-
           fourths of the states OR
           •BY CONVENTIONS in three-
           fourths of the states (whichever
           mode of ratification may be
           proposed by Congress)
In more than two centuries, the
Constitution of the United States has
been amended only 27 times.
             Article VI
• The Supremacy Clause states that the
  Constitution is the highest law in the
                 Article VII
                        Delaware Dec. 7, 1787 unanimous
                        Pennsylvania Dec. 12, 1787 46—23
• 9 of 13 states        New Jersey Dec. 18, 1787 unanimous
  have to ratify the    Georgia Jan 2, 1788 unanimous
  Constitution for it   Connecticut Jan. 9, 1788 128—40
  to become law         Massachusetts Feb. 6. 1788 187—168
                        Maryland Apr. 26, 1788 63—11
                        South Carolina May 23, 1788 149—73
                        New Hampshire June 21, 1788 57—47
                        Virginia June 25, 1788 89—79
                        New York July 26, 1788 30—27
                        North Carolina Nov. 21, 1789 195—77
                        Rhode Island May 29, 1790 34—32
Arguments Against The
          • No protection for
          • No Bill of Rights
The Federalist Papers

• Written mainly by James Madison, John Jay,
  and Alexander Hamilton anonymously
  brought the debate to public and sealed the
The Constitution was
   written in 1787
          And ratified in 1788
   Now all that was left was to write
     the Bill of Rights…to protect
Wednesday Bell Ringer
 • popular sovereignty      • limited government
                                     • republicanism
• federalism

               • checks & balances
Today’s Objective
     We will illustrate
the principal of Individual
Rights in the Bill of Rights
 using an advertisement.
 1 st   10 Amendments –
         Bill of Rights
• Your job is to create a poster advertising
  one of the amendments …
• Each poster should contain:
  – The words of the amendment
  – An explanation of what it means
  – An opinion about the amendment and why it’s
  – A picture or symbol

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