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The Balkans

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					 The Balkans
The Powder Keg of Europe
The Balkan Peninsula
The Balkans/Former Yugoslavia
                History (500s)
   500s-South Slavs migrate        South Slavs
    down the Balkan Peninsula           Bulgarians
   They each set up their own          Macedonians
    Kingdom                             Croats
                                        Montenegrins
                                        Slovenians
                                        Serbs
          History (1300-1878)
   Ottoman Empire (Muslims) take over much
    of the Balkan states
   Austria and Hungary ALSO take over some
    Balkan states
   MAIN POINT: The balkan cultures change
    every time becoming more and more
    different with every change of power
                Main point
   The balkan cultures change every time
    becoming more and more different with
    every change of power
   Examples: Under Muslim (Ottoman) rule,
    many Serbs clung to Christianity while
    many Bosnians converted to Islam.
              History (1878)
   Serbia broke free from the Ottoman Empire
On the Eve of WW I (1914)
What was the spark that started WW I
A.   Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
B.   Invasion of France by Austria Hungary
C.   Assassination of the President of the US
D.   Invasion of England by France
The Black Hand
   Serbian group
   VERY Nationalistic
   A secret society with the intent of reuniting
    all South Slavs territories and populations
   RESPONSIBLE FOR STARTING WW I
    WITH THE ASASSINATION OF
    ARCHDUKE FERDINAND
After WW I
   With the fall of the
    Austro Hungarian
    Empire at the end of
    WW I (1918)the
    kingdom of Serbs,
    Croats and Slovenes
    is formed
   In 1929, renamed
    Yugoslavia
Read Communist Rule on page 320
During WW II, who invaded
Yugoslavia
A.   Germany
B.   Russia
C.   US
D.   Great Britain
The Croats cooperated with the Nazis
ordering the massacre of who?
A.   Russians
B.   Polacks
C.   Serbs
D.   Jews
After the war a communist leader
named Josef Stalin gained control.
A.   True
B.   False
Tito was a dictator who encouraged
the Serbs to kill the Croats.
A.   True
B.   False
After WW II was over (1946),
Yugoslavia was split into 6 republics.
Which one of the following was NOT
a republic of Yugoslavia?
A.   Bosnia and Herzegovina
B.   Croatia
C.   Macedonia
D.   Kosovo
E.   Serbia
F.   Slovenia
G.   Montenegro
Look at the map on page 322
Bosnia and Herzegovina contains
Muslims, Croats and Serbs
A.   True
B.   False
Croatia only really has Croats living
there.
A.   True
B.   False
There are Six republics in Yugoslavia,
how many major culture groups are
found there?
A.   3
B.   4
C.   5
D.   6
E.   7
F.   8
G.   9
            JOSIP TITO DIES
   Tito dies in 1980
   The Presidency starts to rotate among
    members from all over Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milosovic
   Milosevic begins to propose the creation of
    a Greater Serbia including all Serbian
    territories (see page 322)
Who do you think would object to this
idea?
A.   Macedonians
B.   Slovenia and Montenegro
C.   Croatia and Bosnia/Herzegovina
D.   Serbia
1991…All hell starts to break loose
1991…What happened???
   Serbia blocked a Croat from becoming
    President
   Croatia and Slovenia declare their
    independence and Serbia invades both
    republics
   UN helps reach a cease fire in june 1992
March 1992
   Bosnia and Herzegovina declare
    independence
   Bosnian Muslims and Croats back the
    move but the Bosnian Serbs launched a
    war to stop it.
   The Serbs attempted to destroy all Bosnian
    Muslims and Croats (Ethnic
    Cleansing)…more than 200,000 died
1995
   US sponsors peace negotiations and a
    peace treaty is signed…Bosnia Remains
    independent
Also…in the 1990s
   Milosovic wants to wipe out the Albanian
    Muslims in Kosovo because of historical
    ties to that land
   The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) is
    formed to fight for independence of the
    region
1999
   NATO starts to bomb Serbia to force them
    to stop fighting in Kosovo.
Fighting eventually stops
   Vojislav Kostunica is elected to reform and
    rebuild Serbia and Montenegro (what was
    left of Yugoslavia)
   Ethnic tensions still uneasy

				
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