UNDP – GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
National Capacity Self Assessment
United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity
Prepared by Jackie Thomas
Appendix 1 Provincial Government Capacity Constraints
Appendix 2 Opportunities for Addressing Capacity Constraints
Appendix 3 NGO Capacity Constraints
Appendix 4 NGO Opportunities for Addressing Capacity Constraints
Appendix 5 Summary Analysis of ECD Organisational Requirements
Appendix 6 Survey of ECD Training Needs
Provincial Government Capacity Constraints:
Environmental Planning Systemic Institutional Individual
Policy, Planning & Provincial govt policies & No specific portfolio for Limited people with policy
Programmes (includes legal ordinances must not conflict environment in most and planning and proposal
framework) with national govt. provinces. development skills within
Provincial policies are Lack of capacity to develop
governed by national agency plans and funding proposals – Limited knowledge of
policies. limited people with skills. provincial NRM laws and
regulations at provincial
National policies and Lack of man power to level both at community
programmes must be in implement policies/laws or level and within the
tandem with SD principles. enforce or monitor compliance province.
Lack of priority given to
environmental considerations Heads of Depts don’t have
enough manual manpower to
Governance structure and carry out functions and
institutional design between responsibilities
provincial and national govt is
limiting. Provisions in some ordinances
outdated & penalties low.
Provincial autonomy is a
serious impediment in Need strategic land use
controlling resource depletion planning & guidelines for
at provincial level. sustainable & appropriate
Need national framework to
support & recognise protected Town and Country Planning
areas & community based Act does not cover customary
management plans & owned land
regulations (to empower
community or chiefs/elders)
Complexities & confusion of
ownership over lagoons, reefs
& coastal waters
Traditional system of chiefs
breaking down – affects local
level enforcement of by-laws
Some local courts not
functioning properly –
problems with dealing with
breaches of customary laws
Need leadership and
accountability by Provincial
Provinces need legal backing
Need Environmental Impact
Lack of provincial level
Research & Monitoring Unsustainable logging WP No R&M – no staff – rely Limited pool of people with
(includes data collection & threatening wildlife and BD. on NGOs for this and for monitoring and data
Dissemination) information and data. collection skills
WP no centralised data or Provinces lack staff with
information base – each dept skills and knowledge.
holds own information,
Lack of support from the
Lack of scientific information
and data - information gaps (ie
impacts of subsistence
Lack of data based and limited
research activities results in
lack of appropriate resource
Lack of finance
Public Awareness & Complexities & confusion of WP - No proactive information Environmental awareness in
Information Exchange ownership over lagoons, reefs sharing with public – based communities is poor –
& coastal waters more on demand than especially in rural areas.
Logging companies not bound Lack of environmental
to do any developmental or Environmental information awareness within provincial
environmental related comes from ECD or WWF staff and MPs.
Need regular awareness for
communities – stakeholders
must have available
information at resource
Training & Education Fisheries research staff are
centralised in Honiara, not
based in the provinces.
Training opportunities are
generally limited and slow in
Human & Lack of equitable revenue WP – limited financial WP – staff not proficient at
Financial Resources sharing with National Govt; resources, HODs not making making budget submissions
submissions, small budget to central govt so no funds
National govt is not filling allocations to environment. come through.
positions for seconded officers WP – no librarian or library,
in provinces ie legal officers. Reliance on Central govt. tourism officer not qualified,
no manpower to carry out
Most divisions are understaffed Need an environmental officer R&M or environmental
while current staff are not well and a legal adviser. management, CC, BD
trained for specific areas. conservation etc – rely on
Need research officers and NGOs or Honiara central
Provincial Govt Act confers information networks. govt.
significant authority on
provincial govts but they suffer Fisheries Division lacks Lack of skilled staff and
from severe under funding & manpower. limited awareness among
poor performance community leaders are
management. Lack of support from the obstacles to achieving
national agencies sustainable management
Lack legal adviser Lack of capacity in
Lack staff with knowledge of sustainable use of
environmental issues (ie CC, resources.
BD, SD etc)
Lack accommodation, logistics
support, staffing/ manpower,
Coordination & Collaboration Main coordinating body for Provinces need resources for WP feels some NGOs don’t
provinces is Dept of PG. Govt integrated development know the govt processes for
agencies wanting to deal with strategies and effective dealing with Provincial Govt.
provinces must first go through institutional mechanisms
DPG. between provincial, national
and regional organisations.
Need central information
centres and good
Reporting Provinces deal through DPG – Provinces report directly to
particularly if want to liaise with agencies responsible who
a foreign organisation or govt report to parliament.
and DPG will go through
Foreign Affairs office.
Central govt is also responsible
to report to Parliament on
behalf of Provincial govt.
Reporting functions not well
Provincial Government Capacity Opportunities
Environmental Planning Systemic Institutional Individual
Policy, Planning & Provincial ordinances – Increased partnerships Include technical advisers to
Programmes (includes legal partnerships at provincial, between provincial govt and work alongside national
framework) national and regional level to NGOs and communities (ie counterparts
develop, implement and Arnavon Marine Conservation
address SD issues. Area partnerships) Include national officers in
NGO projects as
Sound planning with counterparts.
safeguards for indigenous
approaches to resource Employ environmental
conservation officers in provinces.
Provincial BD strategy. TNC appointing Project
Coordinator in Isabel and
Use of business licence with technical support from
process for controlling logging UNDP, to shaping effective
operations. institutional strategy to
ensure BD protocols.
Isabel Province partnerships
with UNDP on the GEF
“Community led conservation
and resource management
project” as a model.
Research & Monitoring Need research into Non- NGOs already undertaking NGOs can provide training to
(includes data collection & Timber Forest Products for R&M can include provincial provincial govt officers to be
Dissemination) targeting poverty issues and govt officers in their activities able to carry out these
meet the economic needs of functions
rural people Arnavon Marine Conservation
Area & partnerships with Assign officers to be
TNC, Provincial govt & responsible for information
communities is a model exchange (including
conservation area project. collection, analysis and
Info & data base development
is part of Isabel GEF project. Research students carrying
out research in the provinces.
Public Awareness & Central govt to provide Arnavon Marine Conservation Increased partnerships with
Information Exchange funding or officers to Area good model for raising NGO and Central govt to
undertake awareness and community awareness. development education
education campaigns. awareness programmes.
Expand PFNet email stations
and equip with HF radios for
two way communication
throughout rural areas.
strategy & procedures
management & use of info
with provincial govt &
Use radio for regular bulletins
on provincial activities &
Identify communication hubs
for flow of information.
Training & Education Use of communications Increased sharing of training
networks for env. education & and education opportunities
community awareness & offered by NGOs to include
distance learning provincial staff and MPs.
Human & GEF funding for small and Build capacity of public Provide access to
Financial Resources medium sized projects. officers for improved opportunities to enhance
governance & economic community development to
management. promote integrated rural
development and increase
Allocation of adequate funds participation of stakeholders.
to carry out work of govt
officers & provide Recruit or train officers for
appropriate equipment & specific fisheries areas and
Establish info centres & data
base; & Establish advisory
networks within communities
Coordination & Central govt to establish a Provincial govt to take more
Collaboration coordination and planning initiative to invite NGOs to
unit with representation from participate in provincial
provincial govt activities.
Provincial govts to develop
provincial & island level
coordination to ensure
coordinated approach to
liaison with communities &
Reporting Systematic process for two Capitalise on work by NGOs
flow of information between in reporting back to
provinces and central govt – communities. Provincial govt
use of advisory committees be included as partners in the
or networks. process.
Establishment of an
NGO/Civil Society Capacity constraints:
Environmental Planning Systemic Institutional Individual
Policy, Planning & No national framework for WWF falls down in Lack of staff with skills in
Programmes (includes BD conservation - need environmental planning & WWF in land use planning &
legal framework) NBSAP land use planning environmental policy
development & planning
Lacking proper Need Resource Management
implementation of Logging Ordinance for alienated land Some communities lack
Code of Practice in WP. political will for ecoforestry
(have been paid off)
No Forestry Bill Live Reef Fish Mgt plan
developed but not
Environment Act without implemented.
Lack of political will power at Council never established.
Land tenure issues in NRM.
Provincial level ordinances
lacking for NRM in some
Environment, Wildlife and
Fisheries Acts important
No proper legislation for
small scale forest harvesting.
Forest Act does not address
protected areas – no
Need emphasis on
reforestation of local species.
Marine tenure system – open
access makes MPAs difficult
- open to conflict between
Laws & policies relating to
customary tenure & water out
of date or under review.
Research & Monitoring Independency of NGOs & WWF has data but not set up WWF Lacks staff with skills on
(includes data collection & lack of cooperation. in a readable format. data analysis
Isolation of some locations Not been successful in Need GIS mapping capability
(difficulty with logistics), getting govt engagement in (either externally or internally)
Time required to train people Lack of training in marine
Localised issues of land resource monitoring for some
Cost of R&M registration (Baoro Highlands NGOs & communities
R&M not a priority of some processes for designating Lack of standard protocol for
provinces areas as conservation areas. establishing MPAs
Difficult access to remote Process for data sharing
Land owner issues.
Lack of funding, skills &
expertise, time & logistics.
Forestry Division focussed
too much on logging
Lack of technical back up -
Fisheries need more staff.
Some organisations don’t
have in house technical staff
& rely on other NGOs,
regional & Govt partners
No research on regrowth of
local timber species or
promoting fast growing local
Public Awareness & Quality of exchange of info is Reticence to share Need better understanding of
Information Exchange variable at different levels – information & ability in lobbying – lack of
fair at govt level, good at recognition of power of
NGO, very good for delivery SICHE School of Natural lobbying.
to communities. Resources lacks a BD
component Awareness of environmental
Govt lacks awareness on issues at provincial govt level
what NGOs are doing & visa Ministry of Natural Resources poor
versa. needs to focus more on
helping communities with Awareness of environmental
Govt is not taking a lead role environmental issues. issues at community level
in awareness raising – also generally poor to fair.
should be at the forefront of Govt agencies reluctant to
awareness programmes & share some information & Need earlier intervention with
activities. knowledge (Forestry & DAL communities threatened by
at national level) logging.
Lack of awareness tools for Communities need more legal
Govt not participating enough
at community level
Lack of telecoms & radio
communications & equipt.
Training & Education Need to look outside country CI – no training or Data analysis, policy
for training & education programmes for training – CI development, govt processes,
outside the standard process lobbying skills.
Limited pool of skilled for applicants to obtain govt
trainers – in high demand. scholarships Capturing & building on
Limited training opport for
staff, especially short term or Alternative Livelihoods
refresher courses for NGOs
SIDT/Greenpeace are coordination & organisational
pioneers in the Ecoforestry management;
process – but need more Communication skills,
people trained. counselling, selection skills,
Narrow range of local timber
species sold – to narrow Mapping & research;
Ecoforestry sector – Forest Proposal writing, project
officers need training in planning, evaluation,
ecoforestry management monitoring, implementation;
Project cycle management Budget (proposal, analysis &
skills for NGOs management);
Limited staff numbers & Computer skills
especially fixed term tenures
for staff affects training Need for sustainable forest
opportunities for some NGOs, management capacity
hence no opportunity for long building within community
term training for higher based organisations
Need project & business mgt
training for some NGO staff &
Need skills in reforestation,
forest restoration & marine
Human & Need for transport & Need to better prioritise Appropriate human resources
Financial Resources additional staff. activities – needs strong that have relevant knowledge
leadership. or skills on environmental
Need funding/cofinancing issues.
Better office accommodation
Lack of core funding for & resources. Reporting skills, training &
some NGOS –project funding facilitation skills
only Need IT support services
Need awareness materials Field budget for field
activities, transportation Advocacy in mining &
Need additional equipment environmental issues
(boat, travelling gear, Organisational management -
monitoring & dive equipment) Accreditation through formal Need community planning &
coursework facilitation skills
Strengthen, expand & sustain TNC needs social science as
leadership training part of work – gap &
conservation planner ie to link
Technical assistance in BSSE & broader scale
organisational development activities & partners.
Institutional strengthening to ECANSI needs a CEO or
implement training director in situ.
Need skills in administration GIS, Data analysis &
& programme management interpretation skills needed
Skills in community Scientific report writing skills
participation & dealing with
communities (facilitation). Need people with skills on CC
needs more resources ie Need marine biologists.
equipment – Mills for training
purposes, community level Need in house skills on
training, awareness, office resource monitoring &
equipment, space, more surveys.
Ecoforestry programme needs
Financial systems within social worker or social
NGOs can be inefficient & scientist.
restrictive leading to delays in
activities & achievements. Organisational management
skills for some NGOs.
Oxfam requires Increased
knowledge of CC for all staff Plant pathology, entomology.
to translate into programmes
of work with communities;
Basic research skills for some
Oxfam staff for areas of
responsibility (HIV & Disaster
Management); & Specific
Advocacy & strategic
planning for programmes (eg
disaster risk management be
integrated into development
framework for national policy)
Coordination & National govt needs to Need to remove duplication in Need to start at the
Collaboration include NGOs more in policy number of groups & communities & with
development & national committees established & landowners – bottom up
planning – need to invite ensure regular meetings of approach.
NGOs to the table the key group (whether
CCOSI or SISDAC)
Need MOU or endorsement
between each NGO & govt, Lack of national
with instrumental staff to environmental protection
follow through & strengthen authority
Not enough govt involvement
National & Provincial Govt in SILMMA & other networks
agencies need to be
proactive & take the lead Lack of coordination in the
from NGOs ecoforestry sector –
stakeholders, agents, sellers,
Coordination efforts have millers, shippers.
failed in the past.
Reporting Lack of library facilities for No formal mechanism for
submitting reports on NGO reporting activities to national
activities. & provincial level.
No way to know if info is
Some NGOs/donors require
unrealistic levels of reporting
from NGOs – time consuming
NGOs/Civil Society Capacity Opportunities
Environmental Planning Systemic Institutional Individual
Policy, Planning & Need to complete the NGOs have offered support &
Programmes (includes legal NBSAP as there is much BD funds to the NBSAP process
framework) to protect – need better & drafting of regulations for
liaison & partnerships with the Environment Act &
stakeholders – need to Wildlife Act;
convince govt of the
importance especially in rural NGOs have data, information
development focus. & external networks;
DSE is developing a Code of NGOs & academic institutions
Ethics for its members. drafting provincial level
ordinances to support MPA
Bridge the link between govt establishment;
ministries through NGO
activities in rural areas. Oxfam recruiting a Legal
Rights Officer who will have a
Provinces should strengthen key role in critiquing new/
ordinances & be more revised legislation to ensure
proactive in environmental indigenous rights are not
issues – take a lead role. undermined, there are
provisions for holding
Need to look at ways of companies & decision makers
addressing the marine tenure accountable, environment,
system & ensuring conservation & social issues
community management are addressed;
plans are effective.
Natural Resources & Rights
Coalition working for new
Forests Bill & to increase
consultations & urgency for
new Bill to be passed;
Management Ordinance a
good model of provincial
ordinance for communities/
TNC is establishing an MOU
with SIG to fund a position
within ECD to undertake
NBSAP process. Seeking
other NGO partners;
FSPI working with Fisheries,
FFA provinces & other orgs to
resolve problems with
FSPI moving into CC issues;
Need new legislation or
enhance Forest Bill to include
protected areas & ecoforestry
standards – Ecoforestry
Programme has developed
Ecoforestry programme tried
urging govt to give the last
remaining forests to
ecoforestry rather than
Fisheries & Marine
Resources should establish a
Coastal Fisheries Unit (to
replace role of IWP).
Research & Monitoring Partnerships with govt,
(includes data collection & communities, other NGOs;
NGOs have staff skilled in
marine resource monitoring &
surveys, socio economic
information & data collection;
Commitment in Makira –
Provincial govt, MCCF & CI
signed tripartite MOU to
realise & work together to
NGO networks provide in-
house support to country
offices in GIS, data
management & analysis &
Access to volunteers for data
analysis & interpretation.
Public Awareness & Use regional organisations Networks – SILMMA & DSE has a data base of
Information Exchange such as SPREP, BSSE; NRRC; members & their roles
Need centralised info & data NGOs carrying out own Training for communities on
base which is accessible & programme of awareness forest legislation & legal
each province should hold raising (PRAs, workshops, rights of resource owners.
information relevant to its media communications,
own area (ie field work drama performances, national Earlier intervention to provide
reports & results - province radio programmes, website); awareness on alternatives to
should also have copies); logging.
NGOs can build relationships
DSE focal points in provinces with provincial level agencies Ecoforestry project looking to
– for dissemination of (ie Environmental Health) use participatory or playback
information & train the DSE networking in theatre to involve villagers in
trainers; conjunction with CSP & performances as awareness
EUMPPII to support raising.
NGOs are carrying out a lot community practitioners;
of awareness & addressing Voice Blo Mere a powerful
environmental issues in More proactive role by the group for spreading info for
communities; Ministry of NR to focus more women & for awareness
on helping communities with programmes & training
Roundtable discussions; environment related issues;
Establish a suitable Maintain good working
mechanism for improved info relationship with Forestry
exchange at all levels of govt Division on data sharing;
& with stakeholders;
NGOs provide awareness
Information needs to be materials, posters, drama,
understandable & simple; workshops, radio, newspaper;
Internet & radio Need a wider range of timber
communication; species sold – need a holistic
approach towards the
Information could be better ecotimber industry such as
disseminated to villages marketing, identification &
through a coordinated promotion of NTFP as
approach to awareness alternatives, shipping, road
raising by all CSOs, Govt, transport;
Brochures could be sent to a valuable to explain ecological
central location (eg NRRC, processes.
DSE), for collection by those
touring provinces – will bring
awareness to people about
organisations that exist,
what they do that can assist
them to contact the right
organisations for the right
kind of information.
Training & Education Need greater partnerships & WWF can provide expertise USP to provide GIS/Data
understanding with govt from its international network analysis training
education ministry on need & can include partners in PIANGO/UNITECH post
for training & education in training opportunities graduate diploma programme
environment & BD issues. for not-for-profit
CI aims to develop tools for management.
National curriculum conservation education that SPC provided training on fish
development could be taught as part of a counts.
course or module at SICHE
Enhance SICHE School of
Natural Resources courses Encourage & allow NGO staff
to participate in
Drama troupe eg Wan environmental programmes
Smolbag for touring or workshops organised by
provinces & spreading Govt ministries.
Work with NGOs such as
Integrate conservation into Oxfam to share skills &
the school curriculum & in access skills in other
formal & informal training. countries such as PNG
Look at opportunities through
SPC & USP & SICHE for
training & education.
TNC has access to wider
organisational network for
training & services.
NGOs invite schools &
students on look & learn
NGOs participate in
FSPI offering training to
Village Development Worker
on CC issues to work at
FSPI signed MOU with USP
for scholarships for
FSPI In-house training on
marine related issues &
exchanges within country
Improved partnerships with
NGOs & DAL & communities
for knowledge sharing &
transfer of skills.
Oxfam utilises expertise in-
country, around the region &
within the Oxfam International
network for short term training
of staff & partners, either in
the country or externally.
Human & EU Stabex funds (for forest NGOs have access to WWF is taking a closer look
Financial Resources conservation programme) broader organisational at recruitment & making
networks & expertise for stronger linkages with other
WWF network for expertise developing skills. NGOS & UNDP.
Volunteer organisations (AVI, NGOs able to share skills. TNC is accessing Australian
CUSO, Japan) for technical Youth Ambassador to
support CI supports efforts of other undertake role as partnership
NGOs such as TDA & MCCF coordinator
Networking & partnerships to
deliver the needed human Need short term consultancy TNC is taking on a
resources & financial services & training of local coordinator for the Arnavons
resources for NGOs. counterparts to fill gaps in Marine Conservation Area.
Lauru Land Conference a
NGOs look to private successful community NRM
foundations for funding. model
EU Microprojects & CSP are Australian Business
potential sources of funding Volunteer possibly provide
for NGOs & communities some technical advice on
projects such as NTFP & KGA projects.
There is value in being part of
a larger network (the NRRC,
network of experts in-country
& around the region, Oxfam
Australia & Oxfam NZ & a
Reference Group of local
experts) to provide the
necessary advice &
Coordination & Govt should invite NGOs to Access existing organisations Need to target communities&
Collaboration the table for participation in & networks – Economic landowners – bottom up
policy & programme Association of Solomon approach
development & analysis Islands, NRRC & develop
working relationships with
Need regular meetings of govt agencies.
Establish a National
Reduce duplication in the Protection Authority
number of groups &
committees SISDAC & national planning
body to work closely.
Need a strong coordinating
body – need common Need coordination in the
understanding & greater ecoforestry sector –
communication. stakeholders, agents, sellers,
Remove duplication of effort,
& decentralise efforts
Partnerships – meet regularly
to strengthen partnerships –
include education institutions
– trying to change attitudes.
Networking & in partnerships
govt to talk & listen to
Govt should be more active
in networks such as SILMMA
to raise national &
international awareness of
issues. (Fiji LLMA a good
model of success).
MOU between NGOs & govt.
If national & provincial govts
& NGOs are active &
concerned to reach rural
dwellers with info, they could
collaborate to have their info
sheets, etc delivered by
visiting NGOs or govt field
Reporting Improve communication & Copies of annual reports, Capacity building for
establish an office for data, workshop reports, communities to be able to
dissemination of information surveys etc should be report on issues of
submitted to the govt importance to them
TNC invited by SIG to attend
NGO/Govt agency MOUs. COP 8 in Brazil.
Need to expand MOUs to Management committees
include other agencies.
Summary Analysis of Organisational Requirements under the Environment Act and the Wildlife Protection
and Management Act (Source: 2004 HRD Assessment of ECD - SPREP, AusAID, AVI)
Key area & Functions Current Status Comments
Interagency co-ordination NIL A system is required to promote
discussion, co-ordination and
The Director may advise any public authority Environmental responsibilities are not
accountability at the highest level.
on Performance Targets”. (Part 11.sect 9) well defined between agencies and
few agencies have determined their
Performance targets for environment
or are held accountable for such
Organisational Structure Current structure attached A review is required to determine
whether the organisation’s function is
most effectively served by a
Department or an independent
Environmental Regulations NIL Urgently required.
To prescribe: Application forms and
processes; forms and contents for E I
Statements & environmental reports; import
and export licenses. Appeal processes; Fees
and charges, Record keeping; license forms;
stop notices and pollution abatement notices.
Discharge and other standards for vehicles
and vessels; Penalties; Registration of
Environment Advisory Committee NIL Terms of Reference to be developed
To advise the Division or Minister, Committee to be established
specifically on technical matters
Training required on roles and
Director’s Position Established and filled position. Technical Assistance required in
developing a strategic plan for the
Manage and control the Division; Advise the Frequent absence of the Director at
Minister; Promote co-ordination among International Conferences and
Ministries and govt Divisions; develop, co- Conventions, limits his capacity to
ordinate and facilitate Environmental Policy; focus on operational matters.
Monitor, advise on international
Limited environmental policy
developments and obligations; Review and
ensure development of legislation; Ensure
community participation Legislation recently enacted.
Revise and amend national environmental No previous state of environmental
strategies and programmes as necessary; report made. Limited baseline data on
Submit three year report on State of state of environment available. No
Environment established systems or forums for co-
ordination of environmental activities
(see 1 above).
HR Management processes A position of Deputy Director was Potential for position to be filled by a
approved and has been frozen. volunteer, with responsibilities to
Departmental operations; provide leadership
develop and institutionalise
and promote teamwork and staff motivation. Staff living the legacy of four years of
appropriate staff management
civil strife and deteriorating
Responsible for HR and HRD function; systems; identify and implement
Orientation; Promote learning; OH&S conditions of service. systems for motivating staff, develop
team work and creating a culture of
Performance Management Staff meetings have not been held for
four years, and information sharing
Ensuring work plans developed and carried
and co-ordination between staff is
poor. Staff requiring leadership and
Monitoring and evaluating progress direction. Position descriptions poorly
defined. No processes of work
Providing feedback, planning, or accountability. Limited
Provide coaching and on the job training; on the job coaching and training, or
career planning. Few links between
Ensuring work standards are met; training opportunities, financial
Provide discipline compensation and work performance
or attendance. Limited motivational
factors within the system.
Human Resource Development NIL Some of these processes will be either
in place or planned on completion of
Key elements of HRD structure and systems
this project. Others will be addressed
through an HRD Manual in June.
A Strategic plan; Position descriptions
aligned with the plan; Performance
Management Process; TNA based on all
three above; Range of learning opportunities;
Effective selection processes; Effective
implementation & dissemination; Evaluation;
Data management & analysis; Co-ordination
Administration Treasury responsible for collection Strong argument for ECD to have its
and receipting of all monies from own administrative unit, with
Budget and financial management; Develop
permits. No financial reporting made delegated responsibilities. However,
& manage financial systems for
to ECD. such change is unlikely failing Public
permit/licensing fees; provide financial
reports on funding received and required; Project money managed by Director
Ensure budget reconciliation; Stores or project co-ordinators.
requisition/ management; Equipment
Ministry Natural Resources has a
maintenance; Travel and transport
centralised Administration Unit for
arrangements; Staff records
stores and staff records. Stores,
including stationery, have been
unavailable for several months due to
financial restraints. Stationary sourced
from project funds.
No asset registry available. Limited
Environmental economics Environmental initiatives are An economic review is required to
constrained by lack of funding. There make recommendations on
Improved valuation and pricing of
appear to be no conscious links appropriate resource allocation, taking
environmental resources. (Part 11 Sect.
between income generated through the into consideration the commercial
use of natural and physical resources, value of natural and physical
(and even the permit and licensing resources and the costs required to
funds collected for the use, ensure sustainability through
development and export of natural conservation activities.
resources) and the funds required to
This is unlikely failing Public Service
ensure sustainability i.e.
environmental research/ education/
community development activities.
Data management Nil Support is required in establishing
data base(s) and in data analysis in the
Develop database and ensure regular analysis All Permits frozen pending
following areas: EIA Statements &
of permits given, to whom, where and for development of Regulations. No environmental reports; import and
what. Analysis made to prevent exploitation records maintained. export licenses; stop notices and
and ensure sustainability pollution abatement notices;
No data analysis to date.
Registration of scientific
organisations; complaints; HRD.
Training is required in data
management and analysis.
Development control, EIA, Review and Staffing consists of Snr Environment Regulations required to prescribe
Monitoring Officer and Environment Officer. systems.
Receive, assess and process all project SEO is currently on 12 months study Training required in systems.
development applications leave completing MA in EIA. Many
Additional staffing required as
staff from this and other agencies have
Issue/refuse permits accordingly. Environmental Inspectors
attended in country workshops on EIA
Monitor projects/development according to and have the basic awareness and
the approval conditions conceptual understanding of what is
required, if not the practical
Conduct environmental monitoring
Maintain adequate records
Technical support is available from
SPREP and other Regional
Position description needs to be
revised as current responsibilities do
not include functions of an
Staffing numbers inadequate for the
All staff are concentrated in Honiara.
Complaints management NIL Complaints data- base needs to be
established and staff trained in its
Accept, register and respond to complaints re
activities etc. Community to be informed of facility.
However, a complaints process can
Utilise data analysis to inform environmental
only be useful if adequate staff and
strategy and to monitor staff performance.
vehicle available to investigate and
follow up on complaints and if
funding available to manage
environmental projects in response to
those complaints. A complaints
system without the resources to
resolve the complaints would
contribute to public cynicism and staff
Environmental Planning No environmental plan in existence. Project assistance required to develop
an environmental plan for SI.
Establish a plan and processes for making EO has had training in GIS.
decisions relevant to the environment,
Currently has no GIS equipment.
incorporating information acquired through
surveying, remote sensing, data mapping, No capacity to complete plan
mapinfo and GIS. independently.
Disseminate this plan to all other related
Developing and monitoring standards to Limited research completed. Research required in many areas of
promote sustainable development (Part 11 Standards are not available. Limited environment to develop standards.
6(c)) monitoring of standards. Limited co-
operation with other govt departments.
Ensuring baseline data available on natural
ECD facilitates research by various
and physical resources
Determining standards available on use and
development of natural resources.
Liaising with govt and non-govt agencies to
ensure standards are adhered to.
Management of world heritage properties A Senior Conservation Officer World heritage properties need to be
(Diploma in Wildlife Reserve identified and declared
Management) and a Wildlife Officer
Regulations required for Park
(certificate in Protected Area
Management) have responsibility for
conservation management. Local staff employed and trained as
rangers and communities educated.
No world heritage sites declared.
Many sanctuaries/ reserves have been
declared historically but are un
managed. ECD manages one marine
conservation area in Isobel Province.
Prior to the “tensions” eco-tourism
was being used to encourage
protection of certain (water-
catchment) areas. This will be re-
instigated at some stage.
Pollution control S E O and EO have responsibilities for Staffing numbers inadequate for role.
pollution, but no work being done on Systems need to be developed.
To develop, establish and administer systems
waste/pollution control. Training required. Monitoring
of prevention and control of pollution in both
the industrial and non industrial sectors:
Community and govt education
Co-ordinate response with other govt POPS project funding pending will
agencies; Disseminate standards on what is provide for the appointment of a
acceptable and unacceptable levels of project officer and assistant.
emission; Ensure emissions are monitored by
appropriate body; Manage licensing system
for discharge of waste; Manage system of
abatement notices and stop notices for
discharge of waste.
Conservation of biological diversity and National Bio-diversity Strategy and Review of current status of project
ecological integrity Action Plan was initiated through required urgently and if possible, a
UNEP project funding. However, no Bio diversity Officer appointed under
Baseline data required.
project co-ordinator appointed and project.
Monitoring and controlling the import Senior Conservation Officer and Regulations required (see above)
and export of all fauna and flora. Wildlife Officer responsible. Position
Review of position descriptions
descriptions do not reflect new
Regulation through permits and required.
authorisation; Monitoring and surveillance
Training required in systems and
through Inspectors, (Customs and Police); Current freeze on all permits pending
protocols. Co-ordination systems
Liaison with Customs and Police; Public development of Regulations. Limited
required with Customs and Police.
Information on regulations; Research into the funding for implementation. Limited
ECD has a role in ensuring that these
status of animals and plants threatened with research into threatened species.
officers are well informed on the
extinction; Development and management of
No previous data on permits extent of their responsibilities under
statistical data- base relative to import and
maintained. the Act, and well skilled in their
export of flora and fauna.
Customs Officers will need to be able
to recognise Schedule 1 and Schedule
11 Flora and Fauna and be aware of
the ECD permitting procedures.
Data- base required and training in
data base management. Research into
threatened species required.
Communication strategy required to
Community development and Some community development as a Extensive community development
participation result of specific projects, eg. IWP; limited by lack of a strategic plan for
parks establishment; turtle protection community development; lack of staff
Promoting the informed participation of
etc. IWP staff have received and other resources. Continued
traditional landowners, and community
extensive practical training in training required to establish a
groups in the development and management
facilitation skills. network of trained community
of environmental policy, planning &
facilitators in all provinces.
implementation. Limited routine and/or strategic
involvement of non-government
Developing effective working relationships
organisations/ interest groups in
with a full range of all stakeholders.
developing environmental policy and
Library and resources. Environment Officer responsible for Library and resources could be
library and information management. married to an administrative function
Cataloguing all existing and incoming books,
SPREP consultant has assisted in in the event an environmental
publications, and resource materials;
developing data-base and indexing administrative unit were to be
Promoting the use of environmental library
systems. Neglected area and library established. Continued support from
facilities in the community.
currently not functional. SPREP required.
Community education and awareness Individual officers are expected to If ECD is to ensure community
include community education within awareness of and compliance to
A Community education and awareness
their duties. This does not routinely environmental legislation, policy and
happen. No designated staff person strategy it must win the hearts and
Identifies key target groups, including rural responsible for co-ordination or minds of the community through
and isolated communities; Identifies key developing education strategy or education. The culture of SI does not
environmental messages; Identifies a range materials. Limited educational lend itself to enforcement, given the
of strategies, according to the intended resources available. Limited skills in power of the wantok system and tribal
outcomes and target group; Schedules community education and awareness. affiliations.
outputs; The development of a range of
materials and programmes; Conduct and
evaluation of the strategy; Ongoing
education of staff in community education
Provincial Government and outer islands NIL An organisational review is required
to determine the structure and staffing
To ensure that environmental legislation,
required to enable environmental
policy and strategy is disseminated,
promoted, enacted and monitored in all
sectors of the country.
Summary of ECD Training Needs, the preferred process and the resources required
(Source: 2004 HRD Assessment of ECD - SPREP, AusAID, AVI)
Issue Outcomes Process Resources
Environment - Are clear on the role of the Committee Workshop
Advisory - Establish trust amongst themselves. Training
Committee - Are clear on their responsibilities as committee members Manual
- Have knowledge of environmental legislation, particularly as it
applies to the Council
- Have adequate knowledge on the structure, role and functions of
the Department of Conservation and Environment
- Understand the role of the Director
- Have knowledge and skills to establish effective reporting and
communication systems with the Director and the Department
- Have an awareness of international and local environmental
- Have knowledge of International Conventions and Agreements.
- Are familiar with basic principles of Environmental Impact
- Are skilled in effective meeting management
- Are skilled in evaluating the Performance of the Board in
fulfilling its Terms of Reference.
- Are skilled in negotiation
Environmental - Knowledge of the Acts and the Regulations (the latter are yet to Workshop
Law be developed) conducted by
- The application of the Acts to their role the Office of
- Promoting community awareness and compliance with the the Attorney
legislation General in
- Seeking advice from Attorney General and other law collaboration
enforcement bodies, including the Police and Customs, when with Customs
necessary and the
- Skills in negotiating agreement, particularly in difficult or Police.
sensitive situations, or with difficult people.
Strategic - A commitment to the need to work with other departments and Attachment to
planning: organisations to ensure environmental policy is reflected in their Department
National strategic planning. Conservation
- Skills in negotiating Performance Agreements in New
- Skills in monitoring progress on the implementation of Strategic Zealand
- Skills in auditing
- Skills in reporting
Strategic - Identifying and consulting with the customers of the Technical
Planning: Department of Environment Advisor
Departmental - Integrating the requirements of the Acts, International
Agreements and responsibilities and the consultation process
into the development of a strategic plan.
- Ensuring that position descriptions are aligned with the
implementation of the strategic plan.
- Ensuring that Performance Management processes promote
accountability for implementation.
- Evaluating the plan.
Human - Staff and performance management to include work-planning, Technical Public Service
Resource work monitoring, feedback, coaching and problem solving. Advisor Reform
Management - Effective orientation processes, on the job training and HRD required to
- Effective motivational strategies support
- Team work effective HRM
Control of - Completing application forms and processing systems Technical A vehicle
Development, - Reporting and permitting systems Advisor
EIA and - Processes, forms and contents for E I Statements & Manual
Environmental environmental reports;
Planning - Advising on Appeal processes
- Applying Fees and charges to be levied
- Record keeping
- Applying Penalties
- Processes of prosecution
- Analysing a situation to determine if it will have an effect on the
environment. This implies the:
Importance of protecting rare & endangered species
Identification of rare & endangered species
Knowledge of risks & consequences imposed to:
o Foreshores & coastal waters
o Internal waters
o The value of wetlands
- Using field trips to monitor, investigate and follow up on
- The capacity to collect evidence (use a camera)
- The capacity to manage difficult issues with the public and
- The capacity to negotiate agreement.
Pollution - Education and Awareness Activities relative to pollution control Technical National
Control - Community development activities to promote community advisor Integrated
management of pollution. Manual Waste
- Standards of what is acceptable and unacceptable levels of Management
- Disseminating standards to other organisations Infrastructure to
- Ensuring emissions are monitored by the acceptable body support waste
- Monitoring, control and surveillance procedures management
- Prosecution procedures including
- Using field trips to monitor, investigate and follow up on sewerage
observed concerns treatment
- The capacity to collect evidence facilities; a new
- The capacity to manage difficult issues with the public and dump; adequate
other organisations garbage
- The capacity to negotiate agreement. collection
Conservation Monitoring of Exports Advisor
and protection - Skills in Processing of applications for export/import Manual
- Permitting systems and conditions
- Fees and record keeping
- Inspection processes
- The identification and monitoring of key flora, fauna, corals,
turtles, crabs, clams, plants and birds
- Arrest and Prosecution Processes
- Negotiation skills and managing potentially conflicting
- Developing team- work approach with Customs and the Police
- Skills in implementing cultural values and practices in to protect
- Skills in biological surveys of key species and ecosystems.
- Skills in conducting periodic assessments of major changes and
trends to the natural resources
Community - A commitment to community education and awareness Technical Audio –visual
Education and activities Advisor equipment
Awareness - An annual schedule of education and awareness activities for a Stationary
range of target groups Power Point
- The development, delivery and evaluation of a range of Projector
different education initiatives
- Ability to use knowledge of the advantages and disadvantages
of a range of different media, relevant to the target group and
the desired outcomes.
- Skills in drafting press releases
- Skills in desktop publishing
- Skills in creating videos
- Skills in utilising radio (information and talk back)
- Skills in conducting Environment Days
- Skills in developing educational packages
- Skills in Train the Trainer.
Data Analysis - The value of data management and analysis in determining the Short course Integrated
strategic direction of the Organisation computer
- The development of a data- base system
- Data analysis.
Control of - Working effectively with a range of authorities in seeking the Academic
Protected Areas designation of areas as protected areas. Study
- Promoting community advocacy of protected areas.
- Managing the political arena to achieve support and
commitment to protected areas.
- Promoting more equitable valuation of the environment, taking
into consideration aesthetic, health, cultural and social interests.