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Harlan County Battalion Co C

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					                  Harlan County Battalion
                  Company A ROSTER©
      George W Morgan - Captain                       Hiram M Cornet - Sergeant
           Abner Lewis - 1st Lieutenant             James M Halcomb - Sergeant
            Moses Isom - 2d Lieutenant          Squire Adams James B - Corporal
          Joshua B Hall - 3d Lieutenant                       Franklin - Corporal
          Daniel T Hall - Sergeant                      Larken Cornet - Corporal
           Henry Polley - Sergeant                   James M Stallard - Corporal
         Benj. F Adams - Sergeant                         John W Hall - Musician
Privates:
Stephen Adams        Silas Cornet           Joseph Halcomb      Goodson Ingram
John S Adams         Samuel Cornet          Jesse Halcomb       James C Jones
Spencer Adams        John Combs             Wm Halcomb          Jesse Lewis
Frazier Adams        Jonathan Cox           Miller Halcomb      Wm McDaniel
Solomon Adams        Archibald Cornett      Ira D Hall          Hiram Mitchel
Samuel Blair         Joseph Doan            Phillip Hall        Randolph Polley
Hiram Blair          Daniel Frazier         M Hall              Claiborn Polley
John Banks           James Frazier          Thomas Hall         Richard Polley
Lansford Banks       Solomon Frazier        Joshua B Hall       Jesse Roark
John Breeding        Elzey Franklin         Jonah Isom          Enoch C. Stamper
Henry Banks          John M Fields          Doctor Isom         Uriah Sexton
Shelby Combs         Robert H Fields        George Isom         William Sexton
Henry Collins        Jos B Fields           John Isom           Ransom Turner
Sanders Collins      Leroy W Fields         Gideon Isom         Oscar J. Wilson
Clark S Cornet       Adam Frazier           Moses Isom          Samuel Williams
                     Alfred Hall            Garret Ingram

                  Harlan County Battalion
                  Company B ROSTER©
       Ambrose Powell - Captain                     Lewis B Singleton - Sergeant
             Enoch Blair - 1st Lieutenant             Samuel J Powell - Sergeant
             Elisha Huff - 2d Lieutenant                 Charles Blair - Corporal
      William M Jenkins - 3d Lieutenant           Archibald C. Jenkins - Corporal
          Bennett Bailey - 1st Sergeant                Gilbert Creech - Corporal
       Jonathan Cornett - Sergeant                      Israel Jenkins - Corporal
           Isaiah Creech - Sergeant                       John Creech - Corporal
Privates:
Anthony Blair        John Eversole          Jonathan Lewis       David Sergeant
Joseph Blair         John Estep             William McNite       John W Stamper
William Blair        Moses Estep            James McNite         Eli Sturgill
Absalom Blair         Albert Gilliam        Charles McNite         John Smith
John Blair            John Gilliam          Joseph McNite          Samuel Smith
Hadley Bohannon       Noble B Hall          John Morgan            Ira Stamper
Jonathan Creech       Eli Hall              Henry Polley           John Sergeant
Henry Clay            Preston Hall          Clavin Powell          Andrew J Sergeant
Martin D Collier      Alfred Hall           Hiram S Powell         Tho J Vann
Henry Creech          Elisha Huff           James P Ross           Alfred White
Preston Creech        Abner Jenkins         Asa Riddle             Thomas Young
Henry B Creech        Wm M Jenkins          Ira Stidham            Timothy Young
Wm G Dixon            John Kilbourne        Stephen Sergeant       John W Young
                                                                   John Young



                   Harlan County Battalion
                    Company C ROSTER
        Joshua C Perkins - Captain                         Calvin Pace - Sergeant
       Josiah B Spurlock - 1st Lieutenant                Silas W Kelly - Sergeant
            Wright Kelly - 1st Lieutenant                 Allen Morris - Sergeant
         William Gilbert - 2d Lieutenant              Andrew Sergeant - Corporal
     Chadwell F C Nolan - 3d Lieutenant               Daniel B Creech - Corporal
            John J Lewis - 1st Sergeant                    Daniel Pace - Corporal
             John Farley - Sergeant                    Matthew Brown - Corporal
           Calvin Creech - Sergeant                    James M Nolen - Corporal
Privates:
John Bailey        Samuel Cornett      Samuel M Howard         James Parsons
Letcher Bailey     George Chappell     Israel Howard           John R Pace
Sampson Branson    Jacob Day           Wm M Howard             Benjamin Parsons
Richard Branson    Wm Day              Wm C L Huff             Samuel Parsons
Hiram Branson      Ira England         Eli Huff                John M Parker
T Blevins          Obediah Fields      Felix King              Albert Stewart
Minter Bailey      Henry Farley        Enoch Kelley            Elias Smith
John Blevins       Harvey Flanery      Jefferson King          Allen Sergeant
Wm R Bailey        Alexander Fouch     Wright Kelly            Elias H S Smith
Henry F Barker     Calvin Fields       James J Lewis           David Smith
Randolph           Richard Fields      Leander Ledford         Silas Stapleton
Browning           Alvy Farley         Abner Lewis             Elihu Smith
Wilson Browning    Isaac Fields        William Lewis           William Scott
John Blanton       John Farley         Alexander Morris        George S Spurlock
James Blanton      Henry Farley Jr     Ambrose Metcalfe        Speed S Spurlock
Noble Burkheart    Henry Gilbert       James Metcalfe          William Sergeant
Isaac Creech       William Gilbert     Adrain Metcalfe         Samuel Scott
James Caudell      James Griffy Sr     Allen Morris            John Sergeant
  Wm Clarkston          Jacob Griffy         Chadwell F C Nolin        James Turner
  Samuel Creech         John Hensley         Jeremiah Napier           Archibald C Thompson
  John Creech           Fielding Hensley     Freelinghuysen Napier     Henry C Turner
  Thos H Clarkston      Carter Howard        Silas Nance               William Turner
  Thos Clarkston        Henry L Howard       William Nolen             James M Webster
  Francis Clarkston     Adron B Howard       James H Napier            Josiah D Wyn
  Wm H H Creech         Caleb Huff           Green Napier

                       Harlan County Battalion
                           Daily Reports©
Introduction:
On the 5th of September, 1862, in response to petitions from a multitude of the counties,
the Kentucky State Legislature authorized "home guard companies of free white male
citizens between 16 and 65 years to be organized for home and self-protection."(1) State
Guard companies and battalions were soon being raised as well, and we were fortunate to
locate the Official Daily Reports of B. F. Blankenship(4), Major, 1st Harlan Battalion of
Kentucky State Guards(2) & vouchers from the same unit(3). We present below Major
Blankenship's Daily Report (apparently written all at once and dated 1 May 1863)
interspersed with a few appropriate voucher references, et al. The Daily Report has been
transcribed in it's entriety, altered only by the addition of a little punctuation.

                  Harlan County Battalion Daily Reports
"On the 13th day of Oct 1862 there was a batalion of State Guards formed at Jonathan
Lewis's on Poor Fork, Harlan County, Ky, consisting of 3 companies styled A, B, & C. Co
A commanded by Capt G W Morgan, Co B by Capt Ambrose Powell & Co C by Capt
Joshua C Perkins, denominated the 1st Harlan co batalion Ky State Guards."
        Not mentioned in the daily reports is the formation of the additional companies of this
        battalion: D, E, F, G.. the rosters for the entire battalion are accessible at this site - click
        here.
"On the 14th we moved 4 miles up the river to Widow Lewis's and struck up camp and
remained there untill 17th. We then removed 3 miles further up the river and camped at
Alex Creeches untill 19th. We then returned to Widow Lewis's and on the same day a party
of 40 men, 25 from capt Powell's & 15 from capt Morgan's companies, were detailed to go
to the Salt well at mouth of leatherwood Creek in perry County, Ky to form a junction with
some home guards who stated that they wished to join our company. They had not
proceeded very far when they were attacked by a company of rebels under capt D J Caudill
numbering 100 men. Our men returned their fire and the contest was severe for about 15
minutes when the rebels retreated leaving 5 dead on the field and mortally wounding D J
Caudill their Capt. Our loss was one wounded who since died."
        Voucher dated 1862 for $81.10 to Elizabeth Lewis, for corn, rations, molasses, 1 side of
        leather, beef, hay and for feeding 1 wounded soldier for 22 days.
"We returned to camp on the 20th and on the 21st the rebels marched upon us 500 in
number and we had to retreat whereby they pilaged our Camps & the settlement around
us and carried off about 3000 dollars worth of property. They remained in the
neighborhood untill the 24th when they departed, carry off two cuitrizens who made their
escape from them the next day. The citizens and a small squad of the battalion who had
took to the brush fired upon them during their stay occasionally and killed 3 of them
before they got away."
        Oct 25 - Heavy snow, from 4 to 12 inches deep, all over the state, heaviest in the
        mountain region of south-eastern Ky...(1) This may be the timing of the voucher dated
        only 1862 to Thomas Creech for $26.88 for foodstuffs and "2 gallons of Brandy by order
        of the major for tired soldiers."
"We returned to camp on the 30th and remained there without further trouble untill Nov
11th at which time we marched upon the rebells at Whitesburg under Capt Caudill. We
landed in Whitesburg on the 12th but the rebels had evacuated their Camp whereby we
captured some beef hides, castings & other small notions and returned to camp on the
14th..,,On the 15th, under Capt Powell, 50 men marched to Manchester Ky to get arms and
ammunition that had been laid in for the company and on the 18th the rebels, 75 in
number, marched across the country in order to cut off our arms and ammunition. I
accordingly took 32 men and went to meet them. We came up with the rebels on the 19th at
Wallons Creek and a battle ensued in which the rebels were routed with the loss of 4 men
killed and a good number of them wounded. Our loss was nothing. We also captured 11
head of horses, 8 saddle pockets, 8 sabres & a number of halters, bridals &c together with ?
guns & several Blankets and then we returned to camp and our arms & ammunition came
in about the same time."
        Voucher dated Nov 1862 to Andrew Sergeant for $135 for "use of one 4 horse wagon &
        team for hauling arms and ammunition to the 1st Battalion Harlan Co State Gds, 18 days
        and use of 1 two horse wagon & team for same."
"We spent our time in making camps and laying in provisions untill the 28th when Capt
Perkins made a raid in to Crab Orchard Va with 30 men and took two prisoners of Capt
Sam Salyers regiment, viz: T Halcomb & H Flanery, and captured 5 head of horses, 5 guns
& a number of blankets and returned to camp."
        There is a note inserted here that "Halcomb was paroled on 6th Nov and Flanery
        volunteered." Harvey Flanery on roster as private, Company C.

       Nov 6 - "9 Confederate soldiers captured and hung, near Hackneys Corners, 21 miles
       from Big Rockcastle river in Rockcastle co.-said to be retaliation for the hanging, near
       Cumberland Ford, in Josh Bell Co., by some pickets of Gen. Kirby Smith's army, of Capt
       H King, his two sons, R M Singleton, and 12 others, mostly volunteers for the defense of
       Crab Orchard, but who were charged with being bushwhackers. Fearful inauguration of
       the most horrible feature of civil war!" (1)

"On the 30th, Serg John Farley of Capt Perkins Co at the same time took 15 men and went
to Clover Fork near the Virginia line and undertook to arrest two noted rebels which they
resisted and consequently one of them was killed & the other wounded. On the 31st the
rebels, 400 in number, made a raid on Cumberland and were marching in direction of our
camp. I accordingly ordered 84 men under command of Capts Powell and Perkins to arrest
their progress. They met them near Mill Cliff about 15 miles from our camp and were fired
upon by the rebel pickets. Our men took position in a spur of the mountain. Meanwhile, the
rebels were advancing and in a few minutes the battle became general which lasted about
20 minutes when the rebels were routed with the loss of 1 man killed and 12 wounded, a
(confession?) of their own. Our loss was nothing, not even a man wounded. We captured 1
horse, one gun and several blankets, coats and other clothing. The rebels retreated back to
Va and our men returned to camp on Dec 1st ... On the second Dec, 26 men under
command of Ajt Lewis was ordered to Whitesburg Ky to investigate the movements of the
rebels and landed there on the third but the rebels were gone and nothing occured of any
note during his stay up there with the exception of the capture of two Rebel soldiers who
had run away from Caudill's command. The prisoners were paroled on the 4th Dec and set
at liberty. Their names were William D & Drury Adams who belonged to Co A of said
Caudles Command. On the 5th the rebels returned to Whitesburg, 100 in number, and Ajt
Lewis consequently had to abandon the place which retreat he made safe by about ?
hours"

"Nothing more of any note occured up to the 12th Dec when Maj Blankenship marched in
the direction of the rebel camp at Whitesburg and arrived on the morning of the 13th at
the hour of (10?) clock at the rebel pickets when a severe skirmish ensued in which two of
our men were killed and learning that the rebels were heavily reinforced he marched his
forces back to camp and on the 15th detailed 100 men to march to Manchester Ky after
arms and clothing..."

        An undated Special Requisition lists the following: 400 pr shoes; 400 blankets; 400 hats
        and trimmings; 400 jackets; 800 shirts; 400 prs pants; 800 drawers; 800 sock ; 400
        overcoats; and 400 haversacks. The line on the requisition stating the circumstances
        reads: "the entire destitution of the Batallin of the above articles." A second copy of the
        requisition has notations that suggest that all the articles were supplied except the
        jackets, drawers and socks. An additional requisition requests 5 copies of US Infantry
        Tactics and 1 Army Regulations.
Major Blankenship "...took command in person & the rebels hearing that they were down
there on that business marched from Cumberland Gap to Cumberland River near Mt
Pleasant in order to cut them off and capture their arms and clothing but in this they were
deceived for Ajt Lewis who had command of the remaining forces detached 100 men under
Capt Spurlock & Capt Howard to stop communications between the Confederate States
and this state. Capts Spurlock & Howard marched to within 1½ miles of the rebels and
found they were too strong for them and retreated across the mountain and that night a
dispatch reached camp that they, Spurlock and Howard, was going to give them battle and
wanted reinforcements. Ajt Lewis accordingly marched early the next morning with 53
men to their aid but on arriving at the supposed scene of action was surprised to not find
either rebels or his own men, both parties having evacuated the place. The no. of rebels
were 400. They retreated back to the Gap taking with them 85 head of beef cattle. Nothing
more of any note occured up to the 24th when Lev? Carter march through by Mt Pleasant
and made a raid into East Tenn and destroyed some bridges there. That raid eased us of
fighting to the present time for so out done were (the reb)els that they are afraid to
penetrate (the bor)ders of this county ever since Carter's (raid)".
       This last sentence was partially lost due to a torn corner as are a few words in the
       following section ... the probable words are in ( ). There is no individual named Carter
       on any Harlan County Battalion roster and it is possible he was another military unit.
"Ours arms and clothing arrived on the 5th Jan 1863 and all has remained quiet with
exception of scouting and capturing some rebel scouts up to Jan 20th when our scouts
captured the following named prisoners of Col Slemp's regiment Rebel Volunteers, James
M Adams, Andrew Spangler, Samuel Cornet of Caudills regiment, Robert More(?), James
Clarkston, John Clarkston and Nathan Cox, also Isaac J Whitaker & Harry Caudill of
Caudills regiment and J Boothe of Zolicoffers old Corps all of whom was exchanged on the
3rd Feb 1863 with exception of H Caudill & J Boothe. We also captured John Campbell of
Caudills regiment who they would not exchange for. On the 13th Jan there was an election
ordered for Maj of this batalion which resulted in the Election of B F Blankenship the
present Maj by a majority of 90 votes over Capt A B Calton who opposed him. Lieut Jones
took 8 men on the 24th Jan 1863 and waylaid a still house in Letcher County whereby he
captured Capt H H Stamper of Col Caudills Regiment CS volunteers who was exchanged
for Capt Hezekiah Webb of the U S forces who was captured by Caudills command. Lieut
Mattingly & Sergt ? Polly were Flagbearers on our (part) and Maj Chensworth, Capt.
Trimble, Segts (.......) and Caudill on part of the rebels. We a1so captured 2 rebel scouts on
the 7th Feb and paroled them on the ninth. Their names were Thomas Clarkston and
Elkanah Elkins of Col Slemp's regiment CS Volunteers. The men exchanged for on our
part were Samuel Williams, Samuel Blair, Jesse M Brown, Edmond Gross and Capt H
Webb. We also captured J Garrison, a rebel scout belonging to Slemp's CS regiment on the
11th Feb and paroled him on the 12th.'

       Notes:

   1. History of Kentucky 1874, Lewis Collins & Richard H Collins; Volume I, section
      entitled: Annals of Kentucky.
   2. From photocopies of material at the Military Records and Research Library, Boone
      National Guard Center, Frankfort, KY 40601
   3. from photocopies of vouchers, etc., material at the Kentucky Military History Museum,
      East Main Street, Frankfort, KY
   4. Benjamin F Blankenship's pension file does not refer to his service in the Harlan
      Battalion, presumably because it was a state unit. It does tell us that he was born 26 Sep
      1831 in Lee Co., VA and married on 5th Aug 1852 in Harlan County to Elizabeth Lewis.
      Their children living in 1898 were: A L Blankenship b 9 Feb 1860; Nancy Blankenship b
      26 Aug 1862; Bennett Blankenship b 13 Sep 1867 and Leah Blankenship b 17 Nov 1869.
      According to the file, B F Blankenship moved from Harlan County to Belleville,
      Republic County, Kansas in 1870 and died there 8 Jun 1912.


Also with the vouchers was the following: "the following is a list of Captured plunder sold
by Capt Elisha Huff of the 1st Harlan Batt Ky State guard sold on the 12 and 13 day of
April 1863 for which the purchasers are entitled to pay or have discounted out of their pay
as Soldiers in the Second qr of said Batt:
       John Blair                                 dr for one wagon      $25.00
    James C Jones                            one yoke of oxens $25.00
    John Gilliam                             one pr saddlepockets $5.00
    Israel Jenkins                           candles ?            $1.00
    Loup Jenkins                             ---                   $.50
    John Creech Company Clerk of 1st company ---                     ---
    Wm Dixon quartermaster                   to sundries          $5.00
    Alford Hall                              dr for horses       $30.00
    Henry Polly                              ---                   $.25
    David Sergeant                           ---                 $21.90
    Felix King                               ---                 $17.95
    Silas Cornitt                            ---                  $2.00
    John S Adams                             ---                  $1.10
    John H Elkins                            ---                  $2.30
    Thomas (unreadable)                      ---                  $6.25
    Elzy Franklin                            ---                   $.55
    Robert G Caudille                        ---                  $3.67
    Letcher Bailey                           ---                  $4.75
    Jas G Lewis                              ---                  $3.00
    Ambrose Powell
    (this last name crossed out)

                Harlan County Battalion
               Letter of Leonard Farmer©
BACKGROUND
Also with the Harlan County Battalion
papers at the Boone Research Library
was this letter and list:

                                                     Harlan Court House
                                                     Harlan Co Kentucky
                                                          May 23rd 1865
 W H Hays Esq- Inspector General of Kentucky
 Frankfort Kentucky

 Dear Sir, Your orders requesting the recruiting of a
 company for State Service came duly to hand, I have
 complied with Order No. 3 has recruited 45 militia for
 State Service which is hoped will be immediately called
 into active service.
We have not had a Circuit Court here in this county for
three years, the courthouse has been burnt by Gurillas
the Jail destroyed and bad men has controlled the
county or near so. The Gurillas has nearly laid waste to
the county by pilaging Plundering & Robbing who are
now in small squads say from ten to twenty together
who when times axe suitable raids through the County
and takes what suits their wicked purposes These
Gurillas axe all well armed and men of the worst
character and the Civil Authorities cannot apprehend
them The Sheriff axe unable to serve process or arrest the
Gurillas and cannot in a greater portion of the county
collect the State Revenue

Harlan County is mountainous bordering some ninety
miles on to the Virginia line and can be raided by
bands of men from Lee County Va at any time they
choose When these robbers makes raids they take arms,
clothing, bacon &c and where they find a man that
bitterly opposes them they burn their house furniture
and leave the women and children without clothing or
beds to sleep upon The hardship that we have endured
has been greate, old men thats gray headed takes their
blankets and lays in the mountain to avoid
assassinated by these bands of robbers

If you immediately call this company into active Service
it will enable the Circuit Court to be held and in a short
time I think the laws can be inforced by the Civil
Authorities.

This company will enable the Sheriff to collect the taxes
on Liquors that has been made in this county for the
last two years
 If this quantity thus recruited are unable to restore law
 and order I will as soon as possible recruit a full
 company according to orders

 I will suggest to you J K Bailey Clerk of the Harlan
 Circuit Court or Luke Jones Esq as well qualified to
 muster us into the service

 I inclose to you the names of the recruited men which
 will show the number recruited together with their ages
 I hope to hear from you soon Respectfully your obedient
 servant

 (Signature of Leonard
 Farmer, copied from
 document-facsimile)


Note: To date we have discovered nothing further about State Guard service in Harlan
County immediately following the end of the War.

          The list of men (name,age) recruited by Leonard Farmer
          for the service of the State of Kentucky:
          Martin Smith, 18 Wilson Hensley, 31        Benj Howard, 18
          James Farmer, 32 H Phillips, 25            Albert Coldiron, 19
          John Jones, 32       James Hensley, 18     Wilkerson Hensley, 19
          Hugh H Smith, 44 Malin Ervin, 23           Hiram Blanton, 18
          Albert Ball, 19      John Noe, 22          James Fields, 20
          Ivans Ball, 22       Martin Sergent, 24    Albert Farmer, 22
          William S Ball, 29 G W Crider, 45          Hiram Fee, 21
          Hugh Ervin, 39       A Crider, 23          Wm Shackleford, 29
          Russell Carter, 22 Joseph Blanton, 38      Nathan Shackleford, 18
          M L Pope, 18         David Noe, 19         Lewis Harris, 29
          Nathan Pope, 23 William Blanton, 19 Speed Jones, 45
          John Crider, 22 Calvin Fee, 19             Preston Harris, 44
          Henry Hensley, 22 George Howard, 19 Hezekiah Jennings, 56
          G W Hensley, 24 Calvin Howard, 17          Lewis Farmer, 18
          Lewis Hensley, 22 Critenden Howard, 19 Jackson Blanton, 24

				
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Description: Harlan County Kentucky Coal Mining United Mine Workers of America Strike