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Presentation - Education Systems in the Basque Country

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Presentation - Education Systems in the Basque Country Powered By Docstoc
					EUSKO JAURLARITZA                             GOBIERNO VASCO

KULTURA SAILA                                 DEPARTAMENTO DE CULTURA

Hizkuntza Politikarako Sailburuordetza        Viceconsejería de Política Lingüística




            Building part of the future of
            the Basque language through
                     education

                                         Cardiff (6/7-10-2004)
                                                  Hizkuntza-gaitasuna (%)
                                                  Euskal Herria, 2001                                    IPARRALDEA

                                           EAE               10,6

                                                                                               25,4




                                                                                              NAFARROA
                           Elebidunak                   64,0
                           Elebidun hartzaileak
                           Erdaldun elebakarrak




Iturria: Soziolinguistikako inkesta 2001. Hizkuntza Politikarako Sailburuordetza. Eusko Jaurlaritza..
                               Hizkuntza-gaitasuna 2001, lurraldearen arabera (%)
                                                                                                                IPARRALDEA
                                                                                                         11,9
                                                                                                                  24,7
                                           EAE
                            11,4                            29,4


                                                                                                       63,4


                                                                                                 6,6

                                                                                                    10,3


                                                                            83,1

                                      59,2                                       NAFARROA


                           Elebidunak
                           Elebidun hartzaileak
                           Erdaldun elebakarrak




Iturria: Soziolinguistikako inkesta 2001. Hizkuntza Politikarako Sailburuordetza. Eusko Jaurlaritza..
                      Hizkuntza-gaitasunaren bilakaera 1991-1996-2001(%)
                                            EAE

                       1991                                   1996                                           2001
                          %23,3
                                                  %16,3                                       %11,4
   %8,6                                                                                                                       %29,4
                                                                                  %25,3




                  %68,1                                    %58,4                                        %59,2

              Elebiduna k
              Elebidun hartzaileak
              Erda ldu n elebaka rra k




Iturria: Euskal Herriko Sozioling uistikako inkesta 2001 . Hizkuntza Politika rako Sailbu ruordetza. Eu sko Jau rlaritza ..
              Hizkuntza-gaitasuna 2001adinaren eta lurraldearen arabera (%)
                                BIZKAIA
                                                                                     GIPUZKOA
               %100
                                                                         %100

                %80
                                                                          %80
                %60
                                                                          %60
                %40
                                                                          %40
                %20
                                                                          %20
                 %0
                  > = 65     50-64      35-49     25-34      16-24         %0
                                                                            > = 65      50-64     35-49     25-34      16-24



                                                 %100

                                                  %80

                                                  %60
                                         ARABA
                                                  %40

             Elebidunak
                                                  %20
             Elebidun hartzaileak
             Erdaldun elebakarrak                  %0
                                                    > = 65     50-64      35-49       25-34     16-24



Iturria: Euskal Herriko Soziolinguistikako inkesta 2001. Hizkuntza Politikarako Sailburuordetza. Eusko Jaurlaritza..
          Evolución de la Educación no unversitaria
                            CAV

%100

%90

%80
        
            
%70
                
                    
%60                                     D
                            
%50                                     B
                                       A+X
%40                                    
                                 
%30                               
                                        
                       
%20
                        
                    
           
%10
         
 %0
   1983-84 1985-86 1987-88 1989-90 1991-92 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 2001-02
        1984-85 1986-87 1988-89 1990-91 1992-93 1994-95 1996-97 1998-99 2000-01 2002-03

                                          Cursos
Educación General Básica (EGB) - Educación Primaria (EP)
                            CAV
  %100

  %90

  %80
          
             
  %70
                   
                        
                            
  %60
                                                                          D
                                    
                                                                         B
  %50
                                                                    
                                                
  %40                                                                   A+X
                                
                               
  %30
                          
                                  
                                   
                                       
  %20             
                                         
           
  %10         
          
   %0
     1983-84 1985-86 1987-88 1989-90 1991-92 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 2001-02
          1984-85 1986-87 1988-89 1990-91 1992-93 1994-95 1996-97 1998-99 2000-01 2002-03

                                            Cursos
                     Preescolar-Educación infantil
                                CAV
%100

%90

%80

%70

%60
                                                                              D
                                                                               
%50                                                                           B
                                                                             A+X
%40              
                   
                    
                      
                                  
%30
       
%20                          
                                   
%10                                      
 %0
   1983-84 1985-86 1987-88 1989-90 1991-92 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 2001-02
        1984-85 1986-87 1988-89 1990-91 1992-93 1994-95 1996-97 1998-99 2000-01 2002-03

                                          Cursos
PROMOTION OF THE USE OF
BASQUE:
• Develop a planning that brings together the school
  and its nearest environment; a planning that will
  help us to coherently design and coordinate
  strategies aimed at areas outside the classroom
  (reference framework: EBPN-PGPUE).

• 2003-04 academic year: 328 schools, 6,842
  classrooms, 10,324 teachers and 153,176 students
  of the BAC participating in projects of varied
  nature, intended to strengthen the use of Basque
  outside the school.
DEPARTING POINT (1):
• The knowledge of several Community languages
  enables:
      -citizens to have more professional and
  personal opportunities.
      -knowing the others.
      -European citizens to understand each other,
  and
      -intellectual development and school success.

  (White Paper on Education and Training, Teaching and Learning: Towards the
  Learning Society of the European Commission (1996), 4th general objective)
DEPARTING POINT (2):

• “Acquire and maintain the capacity to
  communicate in at least two Community
  languages other than the mother language”
CONSEQUENCES:

• On the threshold of the 21st century, our work
  must focus on keeping minority and/or minorised
  languages alive and strengthening their presence
  in a multilingual context.

• We believe that Basque must be the main
  language used at school, and consider that the
  linguistic plans in the field of education should
  take this into account.
TARGET LANGUAGES:

•   Basque
•   Spanish
•   English
•   French
STRATEGY:

• Start teaching the first foreign language at Nursery
  Education.
• Systematise that language throughout Primary Education.
• Start teaching the second foreign language at Secondary
  Education, and
• Consolidate the knowledge of the first foreign language by
  teaching some subjects in that language.
OBJECTIVES (1):

 As regards Basque and Spanish, for
 students undergoing this experience to
 acquire at least “sufficient practical
 knowledge of both official languages by the
 time they complete their obligatory
 education”.
 (Basic Law 10/1982, on the Normalisation of Basque, Art. 17).
OBJECTIVES (2):
•   As regards English, for students to acquire at least the
    linguistic skills and attitudes established in the
    Curriculum Decree (comprehension, production,
    reading, writing, linguistic reflection) by the time they
    complete OSE (16 years old):

       -To be able to keep an oral and written interaction in English in
    the most habitual communicative functions and contexts.
       -To use English as the vehicular language of school subjects.
       -To be able to conduct a grammatical reflection on the English
    language as well as on the coincidences and interferences between
    English and the other languages known.
OBJECTIVES (3):

• As regards the second foreign language, that
  is, French, for students to start familiarising
  themselves with its oral and written
  comprehension and expression.
             PLANNING MODEL (1):
   STAGE              AGE    BASQUE       SPANISH    ENGLISH      FRENCH
 NURSERY         1    3-4    X (Glob.)    x
EDUCATION        2    4-5    X (Glob.)    x          X (2.5 h.)
2DN CYCLE        3    5-6    X (Glob.)    x          X (2.5 h.)
 PRIMARY         1    6-7    X (Glob.)    x          X (3 h.)
EDUCATION        2    7-8    X (Glob)     x          X (3 h.)
                 3    8-9    X (Glob.)    X (3 h.)   X (3 h.)
                 4   9-10    X (3 h.)     X (3 h.)   X (3 h.)
                 5   10-11   X (3 h.)     X (3 h.)   X (3 h.)
                 6   11-12   X (3 h.)     X (3 h.)   X (3 h.)
SECONDARY        1   12-13   X (3 h.)     X (3 h.)   X (4 h.)     X (2 h.)
EDUCATION
     Gizarte     2   13-14   X (3 h.)     X (3 h.)   X (4 h.)     X (2 h.)
       English
                 3   14-15   X (3 h.)     X (3 h.)   X (5. h)     X (2 h.)
                 4   15-16   X (3 h.)     X (3 h.)   (Social      X (2 h.)
                                                     Sciences)
                                                     X (5. h)
                                                     (Social
                                                     Sciences)
  % OF LANGUAGES               Basque        8.86       12.12      3.80
                                20.90
                              In Basque
                                54.29
RESULTS (1):
 6,5



 6,0



 5,5



 5,0



 4,5



 4,0

                                                        groups
 3,5
                                                             CONTROL

 3,0                                                         EXPERIENCE
       LISTENING             READING          GRAMMAR
                   WRITING             SPEAKING
PLANNING MODEL (2):
          :                 L       I         C
      SSLICSocialSciences and anguage ntegrated urriculum
            SOCIAL SCIENCES                    ENGLISH
HOURS                3                             2

TEACHER’S Specialist in Social      Specialist in English
PROFILE   Sciences or Specialist
          in English
STUDENT’S Textbook (translation)    Exercise book based on
MATERIAL Exercise book              the cognitive and linguistic
          (adaptations)             needs of the area of Social
                                    Sciences
TEACHER’S Textbook, exercise book   Exercise book+ didactic
MATERIAL + didactic guide           guide
RESULTS (2):
 290


 280


 270


 260


 250


 240


 230


 220
                                             groups

 210                                             CONTROL

 200                                             EXPERIENCE
       GIZABASI Average   GIZASUPE Average
Immediate CHALLENGES:
• Interlanguage curriculum designs.
• Incorporate models of cultural recovery and
  integration into the curriculum design.
• Adapt linguistic models to the present needs.
• Promote collaboration between schools and
  society to create real opportunities for the use of
  minority and/or minorised languages –outside the
  classroom-.

				
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