PowerPoint Presentation - Intelligence A Universal Art

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					Intelligence: A Universal Art
   The Major Players

   Russia (The Soviet Union)
   --- The Warsaw Pact
   Great Britain
   China
   Israel
   Germany
The Russians Are Coming!

     Felix Dzerzhinsky
OGPU
NKVD
MGB
KGB
FSB and SRV.
Cheka
Lenin established to counter
“enemies of the revolution”
Classic “secret” police
Intelligence subservient to police
role

Founded in 1917
Heritage of Chekistii
Russian Intelligence
Border Patrol’
Prisons (“GULAG”)
Internal Police

SMERSH

Domestic Intelligence (CI)
Foreign Intelligence
Russian Intelligence

Marked by centralized control
Political

Strength and weakness
Russian Intelligence

Enormous killing machine

Ukraine
Assassination and “wet affairs”
--- Bernard Nutt
--- Warsaw
--- Markov (video 1)
Black Book
KGB

Trotsky assassination

Max Sborovsky
Russian Intelligence

 Route to political power

 Beria
 Andropov
 Kryuchkov
 Primakov
 Putin
 Partly “best and brightest”
Russian Intelligence
 The KGB and the GRU

 Second cousins
 Military intelligence

 Disciplined service
The Sword and the Shield




 Defense and Offense
KGB
The Metrokhin Archive

Modern KGB organized in 1954
MVD given prisons and borders
480,000 (220,000 in MvD)
First Chief Directorate (HUMINT)
Second Chief Directorate (CI)
KGB
 Early Successes
 --- Cambridge Ring
 --- Washington in the 1930s (video)
 --- Red Orchestra

 Successful penetration of White
  Russian, Ukrainian nationalists
KGB

Success and Failure
--- Ames and Walker
--- Counter-Intelligence

Corruption
Major defections
KGB

Use of illegals (Fourth
Directorate)

--- Richard Sorge (video )
--- Morris and Lona Cohen (video
3 and 4)
--- Konon Molody
--- Willi Fischer (Rudolf Abel
KGB


Recruitment Techniques
--- ideology
--- coercion and blackmail
Vassal, Blake and
--- honeypots and romeos
KGB

 Special tasks and covert action

 --- use of CPs the COMINTERN
 --- penetrations
 --- disinformation
 --- stay behinds and sabotage
 --- military ops
 --- “third world” success
KGB

Low tech, high cunning

Penkovskiy: the first agent
Gouzeko
Gordievsky
The “little brothers”

 East Germany (STASI)
 Poland (UB)
 Hungary (AVO)
 Czechoslovakia (SB)
 Bulgaria (DS)
 Romania (Securitate)
Great Britain

   SIS (MI-6)
   SOE and the War experience

   MI-6 and MI-5 (divided)

   Liaison with US
   GCHQ and the NSA
Germany

 General Gehlen

 BND and the BvfS (divided)

 STASI success against

 Limits of cooperation
 Ops against
The Others

 MOSAD and Shin Bet

 China

				
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