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                                      FOREST SERVICE HANDBOOK
                                       MARK TWAIN NF (REGION 9)

                                                  ROLLA, MO


                    FSH 2409.12– TIMBER CRUISING HANDBOOK

                CHAPTER 70 – DESIGNATING TIMBER FOR CUTTING

Supplement No.: R9 Mark Twain 2409.12-2006-1


Effective Date: February 13, 2006

Duration: This supplement is effective until superseded or removed.

Approved: RONNIE RAUM                                      Date Approved: 02/13/2006
          Forest Supervisor

Posting Instructions: Supplements are numbered consecutively by Handbook number and
calendar year. Post by document; remove the entire document and replace it with this
supplement. Retain this transmittal as the first page(s) of this document.

New Document                       R9 Mark Twain 2409.12-2006-1                     4 Pages

Superseded Document(s)             None
(Supplement Number and
Effective Date)

Digest: In order by code, summarize the main additions, revisions, or removal of direction
incorporated in this supplement.

71.21 – Marking with Paint

71.22 – Marking Boundaries

71.52 – Wildlife and Other Trees
R9 MARK TWAIN SUPPLEMENT                                                          2409.12-2006-1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 2/13/2006                                                         Page 2 of 4
DURATION: Effective until superseded or removed

                              FSH 2409.12 TIMBER CRUISING HANDBOOK
                           CHAPTER 70 – DESIGNATING TIMBER FOR CUTTING



71.21 – TIMBER MARKING

71.21 – Marking With Paint

Upper marks at eye level or at/above DBH: Two paint marks per tree will be used to designate
all trees for cutting. Marks are to be placed on opposite sides of the tree. On sawtimber trees,
marks will be either a 3” diameter spot or a horizontal or diagonal stripe. If stripes are used a
minimum mark would be 2 inches in width and 6 inches long.

Stump Marks: Within travel influence areas, (seen areas from roads and trails) only one stump
mark needs to be applied preferable on the side facing away from the road or trail for aesthetics.
Paint shall be applied liberally to the stump marks using proper technique. (Shears and headsaw
harvesters are capable of cutting extremely low stumps.) Manual felling operations have also
been observed to cut low stumps when marks are made at the junction of the ground and the
stump.

Stump marks shall be placed inside large root pockets or between bark fissures where possible to
protect them from damage during felling and skidding. Marks shall be located on the LOW
SIDE of the stump and in recessed portions of the stump where possible. Liberal amounts of
paint shall be used on stump marks, since these are very important marks and must be durable.
Ideally, the marker would use two applications of paint per mark to apply an adequate amount of
paint and the paint mark would touch the ground, (about 10% of the mark on the ground and
90% on the stump).

                  a. On trees less than 9.0” DBH, only one stump mark is required and it shall be a
                     vertical stripe of paint, a minimum width of 2” extending from ground level to
                     above maximum stump height (6 inches), applied to the lowest portion of the
                     tree.

                  b. Sawtimber trees (trees 9.0” dbh and larger) will have two stump marks placed
                     on opposite sides of the tree. Marks can be either a vertical stripe touching the
                     ground and extending upwards above maximum stump height, (12 inches), or
                     a 3” diameter spot. One of the marks shall be placed on the lowest side of the
                     stump where possible.

                  c. Exceptions on stump marks: Where stands of timber (primarily Shortleaf
                     Pine) have a combination of post trees (5-9” dbh), and sawtimber trees (9.0’
                     dbh plus), all trees marked for removal in a mixed product sale need only one
                     stump mark.
R9 MARK TWAIN SUPPLEMENT                                                         2409.12-2006-1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 2/13/2006                                                        Page 3 of 4
DURATION: Effective until superseded or removed

                              FSH 2409.12 TIMBER CRUISING HANDBOOK
                           CHAPTER 70 – DESIGNATING TIMBER FOR CUTTING


Marking in Cut Tree Mark (CTM) Units: Sawtimber and pulpwood trees shall be marked with
paint at or above DBH and on the stump below maximum stump height. Maximum stump height
for sawtimber, (9.0” DBH and larger), is 12 inches. Maximum stump height for trees less than
9.0” DBH, (for posts and poles, blocking, pulpwood/fuelwood) is 6 inches. Paint shall be placed
on clean bark or wood or areas free or scraped free of moss, lichen, loose bark, or other debris.
Moss, lichen, loose bark, or other debris, may need to be removed without damaging tree. Tree
marks will be a minimum of four paint marks for sawtimber trees (two marks at eye height and
two marks below stump height), and three paint marks for trees less than 9.0” dbh, (one mark
below stump height and two marks at DBH). Ideally on sawtimber tree where four marks are
used to designate timber for removal, the two stump marks would be placed on opposite sides of
the stump and the two DBH marks would be placed perpendicular to the stump marks on
opposite sides of the tree so that all four sides of the tree have a mark on it, either stump or DBH.
This marking procedure, when completed properly, will allow paint marks on all cut trees to be
seen from any direction.

Marking in Leave Tree Mark Units (LTM). – Sawtimber and Pulpwood trees shall be marked
with paint at or above DBH and on the stump below maximum stump height.
The mark near eye level will be either a horizontal band completely around the tree or diagonal
stripes, or some other method, so that the marks can be seen from any direction within the
payment unit.

It is permissible to use paint, (colors for marking merchantable trees), to keep track of cruise
strips in non-CTM units. However, to minimize confusion for the timber sale purchaser and
Timber Sale Administration personnel, mark non-merchantable trees for the cruise strip
boundaries.

Orange Paint – Orange Paint is a reserve paint used only for boundaries of payment units,
boundaries of Reserve Areas within payment units, or individually marked Reserve Trees.


71.22 – Marking Boundaries

 Marking of Boundary trees for all cut units. – Orange paint is used. Boundary trees will be
marked with a minimum of one stump mark and two diagonal stripes at eye level. All marks will
face the interior of the unit so as to be visible from the interior of the unit. Two stumps can be
used as long as both marks can be seen from the interior of the unit.

Marking Boundary trees for reserve areas. Orange paint is used. A reserve area is completely
within the payment unit boundary. Boundary trees will be marked with one stump mark and one
diagonal mark at eye level. These marks will be placed on the tree so that they face the exterior
of the Reserve Area and the interior of the payment unit.
R9 MARK TWAIN SUPPLEMENT                                                    2409.12-2006-1
EFFECTIVE DATE: 2/13/2006                                                   Page 4 of 4
DURATION: Effective until superseded or removed

                              FSH 2409.12 TIMBER CRUISING HANDBOOK
                           CHAPTER 70 – DESIGNATING TIMBER FOR CUTTING


71.52 – Wildlife and Other Trees

Marking of Reserve Trees. Orange paint is used. All reserve trees will require two stump marks.
Reserve trees will require either horizontal banding or diagonal slash marks that can be seen
from any direction.

				
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