"The KAPLAN Method"
The KAPLAN Method A GMAT student guide for using KAPLAN strategies Why all the different KAPLAN methods? Standardized tests have predictable question types These question types are formulaic and yield to specific strategies Each question type has a corresponding strategy KAPLAN has researched the best methods for each question type How can KAPLAN methods help students to raise test scores? Students have a definite place to start for each question so less time is lost “trying to figure out what to do” KAPLAN methods focus on identifying the most important elements of the question and answers The KAPLAN methods help students learn how to eliminate answer traps How do the KAPLAN methods work? Let’s see one in action! The KAPLAN method for Data Sufficiency Questions Step 1: Read the Question Stem Yes/No or Value Question What is Given, What is Needed Step 2: Evaluate Each Statement INDIVIDUALLY! Step 3: Combine the Statements IF NECESSARY! Step 1- Read the Q-stem Is x > 3? Is this a yes/no or value question? What is Given, What is asked? Explanation: Is x > 3? The answer to this question will be either yes or no. Either a yes or no response will be sufficient to answer the question. A “maybe” or “sometimes” response will be insufficient to answer the question. Q- What is needed to answer the question? A - A value or range for x! Step 2- Evaluate each statement INDIVIDUALLY! Statement 1) x > 4 Statement 2) x > 1 In this step, each statement must be evaluated separately. Either statement can be evaluated first. What is a sufficient statement for a yes/no question? Statement 1) x > 4 answers the question “is x > 3?” as “yes,” because x will always be greater than 3. This statement is sufficient! (An always “no” response is equally sufficient, i.e. x < -1 would be “no,” x will never be greater than 3, and is therefore sufficient) Statement 2) x > 1 answers the question “is x > 3?” as “maybe,” because x could equal 2 and be less than 3, or could equal 4 and be greater than 3. This statement is insufficient! Step 3- Combine the statements This step is not necessary because one of the statements alone is sufficient. This step is only necessary when both statements alone are insufficient. Now for a value based question! Step 1- Read the Q-stem What is the value of x? The value based data sufficiency question stem means one and only one value for x. A statement that gives a range or two or more values for x is insufficient! What about these next two statements? Step 2- Evaluate each statement INDIVIDUALLY! Statement 1) 3x (x-2) = 0 In this case, x could equal either 0 or 2, therefore the statement is insufficient! Statement 2) (x-2) (x+2) = 0 In this case, x could equal either 2 or -2, therefore the statement is insufficient! Step 3- Combine the statements In this example, the third step is necessary because each statement is insufficient. If there is only one value that satisfies each statement, then together the statements are sufficient. If there is still more than one possible value, then the statements alone and combined are insufficient. In this example, 2 is the only value that will satisfy both statements, therefore combined they are sufficient! The Answer Choices The answer choices on test day will always be the same: 1- Statement 1 alone is sufficient 2- Statement 2 alone is sufficient 3- Together, statements are sufficient 4- Either statement alone is sufficient 5- Alone or together the statements are insufficient Work the method, every time! Step 1: If there are 50 games in the season and Team X must win 80% of it’s games to advance to the playoffs, will Team X be in the playoffs? Is this a yes/no or a value question? yes/no value This is a yes/no question Step 2: If there are 50 games in the season and Team X must win 80% of it’s games to advance to the playoffs, will Team X be in the playoffs? statement 1: Team Y won 43 games statement 2: Team X and Team Y won the same number of games 1- Statement 1 alone is sufficient 2- Statement 2 alone is sufficient 3- Together, statements are sufficient 4- Either statement alone is sufficient 5- Alone or together the statements are insufficient The right method=the right answer! Step 3 is required in this example. Statement 1 only talks about Team Y, while Statement 2 makes the relation between Team X and Team Y. It is only when combined that the statements are sufficient to answer the question “Will Team X be in the playoffs?” Remember, this is a yes/no, not a value question, although the value is needed to answer “yes.” Also, do only as many calculations as required to sufficiently answer the question. The answer choices will never ask for an actual value, only whether the statements provide sufficient data/evidence to answer the question. The Best Answer- KAPLAN has it! Every question has one, and only one, right answer KAPLAN has developed proven methods to eliminate the wrong answers as well as choose the right answers The KAPLAN methods save valuable time and that… Leads to higher scores! Click here to visit the KAPLAN site!