# The KAPLAN Method

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```					The KAPLAN Method

A GMAT student guide for
using KAPLAN strategies
Why all the different
KAPLAN methods?
 Standardized tests have predictable
question types
 These question types are formulaic and
yield to specific strategies
 Each question type has a corresponding
strategy
 KAPLAN has researched the best
methods for each question type
How can KAPLAN methods help
students to raise test scores?
 Students have a definite place to start for
each question so less time is lost “trying to
figure out what to do”
 KAPLAN methods focus on identifying the
most important elements of the question
 The KAPLAN methods help students learn
How do the KAPLAN
methods work?
Let’s see one in action!
The KAPLAN method for
Data Sufficiency Questions
Step 1: Read the Question Stem
Yes/No or Value Question
What is Given, What is Needed
Step 2: Evaluate Each Statement
INDIVIDUALLY!
Step 3: Combine the Statements
IF NECESSARY!

Is x > 3?

Is this a yes/no or value question?

What is Given, What is asked?
Explanation: Is x > 3?
The answer to this question will be either yes or
no.

Either a yes or no response will be sufficient to

A “maybe” or “sometimes” response will be

Q- What is needed to answer the question?
A - A value or range for x!
Step 2- Evaluate each statement
INDIVIDUALLY!

Statement 1) x > 4

Statement 2) x > 1

In this step, each statement must be
evaluated separately.
Either statement can be evaluated first.
What is a sufficient statement for
a yes/no question?
Statement 1) x > 4 answers the question
“is x > 3?” as “yes,” because x will always be
greater than 3. This statement is sufficient!
(An always “no” response is equally sufficient,
i.e. x < -1 would be “no,” x will never be
greater than 3, and is therefore sufficient)

Statement 2) x > 1 answers the question “is x
> 3?” as “maybe,” because x could equal 2
and be less than 3, or could equal 4 and be
greater than 3. This statement is insufficient!
Step 3- Combine the statements
This step is not necessary because one of
the statements alone is sufficient.

This step is only necessary when both
statements alone are insufficient.

Now for a value based question!

What is the value of x?

The value based data sufficiency question
stem means one and only one value for
x. A statement that gives a range or
two or more values for x is insufficient!

What about these next two statements?
Step 2- Evaluate each statement
INDIVIDUALLY!
Statement 1) 3x (x-2) = 0
In this case, x could equal either 0 or 2,
therefore the statement is insufficient!

Statement 2) (x-2) (x+2) = 0
In this case, x could equal either 2 or -2,
therefore the statement is insufficient!
Step 3- Combine the statements
In this example, the third step is necessary because
each statement is insufficient.

If there is only one value that satisfies each statement,
then together the statements are sufficient.

If there is still more than one possible value, then the
statements alone and combined are insufficient.

In this example, 2 is the only value that will satisfy both
statements, therefore combined they are sufficient!
The answer choices on test day will
always be the same:
1- Statement 1 alone is sufficient
2- Statement 2 alone is sufficient
3- Together, statements are sufficient
4- Either statement alone is sufficient
5- Alone or together the statements are
insufficient
Work the method, every time!
Step 1:
If there are 50 games in the season and Team
X must win 80% of it’s games to advance to
the playoffs, will Team X be in the playoffs?

Is this a yes/no or a value question?
yes/no
value
This is a yes/no question
Step 2:
If there are 50 games in the season and Team X must win 80%
of it’s games to advance to the playoffs, will Team X be in the
playoffs?

statement 1: Team Y won 43 games

statement 2: Team X and Team Y won the same number of
games

1-   Statement 1 alone is sufficient
2-   Statement 2 alone is sufficient
3-   Together, statements are sufficient
4-   Either statement alone is sufficient
5-   Alone or together the statements are insufficient
Step 3 is required in this example. Statement 1 only talks
about Team Y, while Statement 2 makes the relation
between Team X and Team Y.

It is only when combined that the statements are sufficient to
answer the question “Will Team X be in the playoffs?”

Remember, this is a yes/no, not a value question, although
the value is needed to answer “yes.”

Also, do only as many calculations as required to sufficiently
an actual value, only whether the statements provide
sufficient data/evidence to answer the question.
The Best Answer- KAPLAN has it!
 Every question has one, and only one, right
 KAPLAN has developed proven methods to
eliminate the wrong answers as well as
 The KAPLAN methods save valuable time
and that…