National Exam Content Outlines For Real Estate Salespersons and Brokers Effective July 1, 2010 The national portion of the real estate exam is made up of eighty (80) scored questions, which are distributed as noted in the following content outline. Approximately ten percent (10%) of the scored questions on the national examinations will involve mathematical computations. The salesperson and broker examinations also contain five (5) pretest questions that are not counted toward the score. These questions are used to gather statistics on performance and to help assess appropriateness for use on future examinations. Since pretest questions look exactly like questions that are scored, candidates should answer all the questions on the examination. The following examination content outline is appropriate for real estate salespersons and real estate brokers. I. Real property characteristics, definitions, ownership, III. Contracts and relationships with buyers and sellers restrictions, and transfer (Salesperson 16, Broker 12) (Salesperson 18, Broker 20) A. Definitions, descriptions, and ways to hold title A. Contract elements 1. Elements of real and personal property 1. Validity 2. Property description and area calculations 2. Void/voidable 3. Estates in real property 3. Enforceable/unenforceable (Statute of Frauds) 4. Forms of ownership, rights, interests, and 4. Unilateral/bilateral obligations 5. Executory/executed B. Land use controls and restrictions B. Listing contracts 1. Government controls 1. General purpose/definition of listing 2. Private controls – non-monetary 2. Types 3. Private controls – mortgage (deed of trust) and 3. Required elements liens 4. Establishing listing price C. Transfer/alienation of title to real property 5. Responsibilities 1. Voluntary C. Commission agreements 2. Involuntary 1. Negotiation of commission 3. Protections 2. Who may collect 4. Partition/severance (voluntary or involuntary) 3. Other compensation arrangements 5. Deeds and warranties: validity, types, covenants 4. Math: licensee compensation/commission 6. Title and title insurance D. Sales contracts II. Property valuation and appraisal 1. Terminology (Salesperson 6, Broker 6) 2. Procedures A. Principles, types, and estimates of property value 3. Standard parts 1. Valuation definition, purpose, and process 4. Contingencies and misc. provisions 2. Characteristics 5. Contractual rights and obligation 3. Valuation principles 6. Disputes and dispute resolution terms 4. Approaches to value E. Option contracts 5. Depreciation/obsolescence F. Licensee-client relationships and responsibilities 6. Value 1. Types of relationships – terminology 7. Appraisals and list price 2. Relationship powers and obligations 8. Math IV. Property conditions and disclosures 9. Influences on property value (Salesperson 7, Broker 7) B. Investment analysis A. Federal environmental regulations 1. Application of principles 1. Lead-based paint 2. Math calculations 2. CERCLA 3. Asbestos 4. Wetlands and flood plains B. Environmental issues C. Settlement/Closing 1. Mold 1. Procedures and forms 2. Radon 2. Closing costs and calculations 3. Protected species 3. Documents, title, and recording 4. Other VII. Leases, rents, and property management C. Material and other property disclosures (Salesperson 5, Broker 6) D. Liability considerations A. Types and elements of leases V. Federal laws governing real estate activities 1. Leasehold estates (Salesperson 8, Broker 9) 2. Types of leases A. Civil Rights Acts/Fair Housing Acts 3. Lease clauses and provisions 1. Provisions B. Lessor and lessee rights, responsibilities, liabilities, 2. Violations and recourse 3. Enforcement/penalties 1. Owned and leased inclusions 4. Exceptions 2. Reversionary rights of owners 5. Advertising 3. Rental related discriminatory laws 6. Required poster 4. Unit-related disclosures B. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 5. Effect of sale/transfer/foreclosure C. Antitrust – (Sherman Act, etc.) 6. Evictions 7. Tenant improvements D. Marketing and financial controls 8. Termination of a lease 1. Truth in Lending Act (TILA—Regulation Z) 9. Breach 2. Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) C. Property management contracts and obligations of 3. Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) parties 4. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 1. Contracts and contractual relationships (EEOC) 2. Manager’s obligations, duties, liabilities 5. UCC/Interstate/Securities (Broker only) 3. Owner’s obligations, duties, liabilities 6. Do Not Call/Privacy Act 4. Management/owner math calculations VI. Financing the transaction and settlement (Salesperson 17, Broker 13) V III. Brokerage operations (Salesperson 3, Broker 7) A. Financing components A. Broker management of funds 1. Financing instruments 1. Earnest money 2. Financing sources (primary and secondary 2. Commingling mortgage markets, seller financing) 3. Conversion of funds 3. Types of loans B. Broker-salesperson relationship 4. Financing clauses, terminology, and cost of C. Advertising money (calculation) D. Ethical and legal business practices 5. Lending issues 1. Misrepresentation B. Lender requirements and obligations 2. Implied duty of good faith 1. Private mortgage insurance (PMI) 3. Due diligence 2. FHA requirements 4. Unauthorized practice of law 3. VA requirements 5. Marketing practices 4. Escrow/impound account E. Forms of business ownership 5. Credit report 1. Corporation 6. Assumption requirements 2. Partnership (general and limited) 7. Appraisal requirements 3. Limited liability company 8. Hazard and flood insurance 4. Sole proprietorship 9. Federal financing and credit regulation F. Independent contractors vs. employee Bibliography 1. Agency Relationships in Real Estate, Second Edition, 1994, Dearborn Financial Publishing, 30 South Wacker Drive, 25th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606-1719, www.dearbornRE.com. 2. Doing the Right Thing: A Real Estate Practitioner’s Guide to Ethical Decision Making, Third Edition, 2001, South- Western Educational Publishing/ Thomson Learning, 10650 Toebben Drive, Independence, KY 41051, ecatalog. thomsonlearning.com. 3. Mastering Real Estate Math, Seventh Edition, 2002, Dearborn Financial Publishing, 30 South Wacker Drive, 25th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606-1719, www.dearbornRE.com. 4. Modern Real Estate Practice, Sixteenth Edition, 2003, Dearborn Financial Publishing, 30 South Wacker Drive, 25th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606-1719, www.dearbornRE.com. 5. Real Estate Ethics, Good Ethics = Good Business, Third Edition, 1995, Dearborn Financial Publishing, 30 South Wacker Drive, 25th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606-1719, www.dearbornRE.com. 6. Real Estate Law, Fifth Edition, 2003, Dearborn Financial Publishing, 30 South Wacker Drive, 25th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606-1719, www.dearbornRE.com. 7. Real Estate Principles, Ninth Edition, 2003, South-Western Educational Publishing/Thomson Learning, 10650 Toebben Drive, Independence, KY 41051, ecatalog.thomsonlearning.com 8. The Essentials of Real Estate Finance, Tenth Edition, 2000, Dearborn Financial Publishing, 30 South Wacker Drive, 25th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606-1719, www.dearbornRE.com. 9. The Essentials of Practical Real Estate Law, Third Edition, 2004, Thomson Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com. 10. The Language of Real Estate, Fifth Edition, 2000, Dearborn Financial Publishing, 30 South Wacker Drive, 25th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606-1719, www.dearbornRE.com. Arizona State Law Examination Content Outline For Real Estate Salesperson Effective July 1, 2012 The state portion of the salesperson examination consists of ninety (90) questions, plus ten (10) pretest questions. The pretest questions are not identified and will not affect a candidate’s score in any way. 90 Questions, 75% Passing X. Regulated Activities-Rules and Statutes – 12 1. Real Estate Statutes 10 Questions Questions A. Article XXVI – Arizona Constitution A. Advertising B. Title 32, Chapter 20 B. License Violations and Penalties 1. Powers and Duties of the Real Estate C. Compensation/Commissions Commissioner D. Record Keeping and Documentation 2. Advisory Board E. Agency Relationships 3. Licensing F. Handling of Funds 4. General Licensing Requirements and Recovery XI. Finance and Property Tax – 12 Questions Fund A. Financing Documents 5. Activities Requiring a License B. Property Taxation Concepts 6. Issuance, Renewal, Revocation and Suspension Procedures C. Foreclosure A. Arizona Consumer Fraud Protection Statutes XII. Leasing and Property Management – 7 Questions II. Property Interests and Tenancies – 9 Questions. A. Arizona Residential Landlord & Tenant Act A. Easements B. Property Management B. Community Property 1. Contract C. Cooperatives and Condominiums 2. Leasing Agreements XIII. Math Calculations – 4 Questions III. Water Law – 3 Questions A. Property Taxation IV. Environmental Law – 2 Questions B. Property Prorations V. Land Descriptions– 4 Question C. Financing VI. Subdivisions – 5 Questions VII. Encumbrances – 5 Questions VIII.Acquisitions and Transfer of Title – 12 Questions Bibliography A. Deeds A 1. rizona Real Estate Law Book, 2005-2006 Edition, B. Title/Recordation Arizona Department of Real Estate, 2910 North C. Homestead Exemptions 44th Street, Suite 100, Phoenix, AZ 85018, www. D. Common Interest Ownerships azre.gov. A 2. rizona Revised Statutes, Title 11-3 & 8, Title 12-9, 1. Timeshare Title 14-3 & 10, Title 25-2, Title 33, Title 42-1, and 2. Homeowner’s Associations Title 49-1, 2006, http;//www.azleg.state.az.us/ IX. Disclosure and Consumer Protection – 5 Questions 3.Outline of Prescribed Curriculum Arizona Real Estate Salesperson’s License (Minimum 90 hours) 1/7/2006 www.azre.gov. Effective 1/1/2011 for examination Arizona State Law Examination Content Outline For Real Estate Broker Effective January 1, 2011 The state portion of the broker examination consists of one hundred (100) questions, plus ten (10) pretest questions. The pretest questions are not identified and will not affect a candidate’s score in any way. 100 Questions, 75% Passing V. Property Interests, Estates, and Tenancies - 5 I. Real Estate Statutes - 15 Questions Questions A. Real Estate Department Structure A. Estates B. Licensing B. Easements C. Practice of Brokerage C. Tenancies D. Trust Fund/Accounts D. Cooperative E. Recordkeeping E. Condominium F. Employment Agreements F. Timeshare G. Collecting Compensations G. Homestead H. Grounds for License Denial/Penalties H. Homeowner’s Associations I. Consent Orders VI. Government Rights - 5 Questions J. Property Management Requirements A. Eminent Domain K. Statute of Frauds B. Taxation/Property Tax Lien Sale L. Subdivided/Un-subdivided Land C. Police Power M. Recovery Fund D. Escheat N. Affidavit of Disclosure VII. Water Law - 6 Questions II. Administrative Code - 10 Questions A. Water Sources A. License Time Frames B. Arizona Water Law B. License Requirements C. Groundwater Act 1980 C. Education D. Wetlands D. Advertising VIII.Environmental Law/Disclosure - 5 Questions E. Commissions A. Regulations F. Documents B. State Laws G. Professional Conduct C. Liabilities H. Investigations/Administrative Procedures D. Disclosure Issues III. Agency Relationships - 5 Questions E. Impact Studies A. Law of Agency IX. Land Description - 4 Questions B. Fiduciary A. Metes and Bounds C. Due Diligence B. Rectangular Survey D. Employment/Representation Agreements C. Lot and Block IV. Contract Law/Other Essentials - 2 Questions X. Land Development - 2 Questions A. Contract Essentials A. Terminology B. Real Estate Contract Requirements per Arizona B. Zoning Statutes and Commissioner’s Rules C. Building Codes D. Builders Warrantees J. Broker Compliance E. Licensing Requirements VII.Disclosure/Consumer Protection - 3 Questions X XI. Real and Personal Property Transfer - 4 Questions A. Stigmatized Property A. Deeds/Bills of Sale B. Consumer Protection B. Notices C. Affiliated Business C. Adverse Possession D. Military Installations D. Title Insurance E. Affidavit of Affixture Bibliography II. Escrow and Settlement - 5 Questions X A. Purpose 1. Arizona Real Estate Law Book, 2008 Edition, B. Debits and Credits Arizona Department of Real Estate, 2910 North 44th Street, Suite 100, Phoenix, C. Disclosures AZ 85018, www.azre.gov. X III.Lease/Leasehold Estates - 5 Questions 2. Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 11-3 & 8, Title 12-9, A. Types of Leases Title 14-3 & 10, Title 25-2, Title 33, Title 42-1, B. Essential Elements and Title 49-1, 2006, http://www.azleg.gov/. C. Arizona Residential Landlord Tenant Act 3. Outline of Prescribed Curriculum Arizona Real D. Statutory Considerations Estate Broker’s License (Minimum 90 hours) 1/7/2006 www.azre.gov. IV. Property Managment - 5 Questions X A. Licensing Effective 1/1/2011 for examination B. Management Agreement C. Trust Account D. Rental Property Registration Requirements and Classification X V. Financing Documents/Liens - 8 Questions A. Lien Theory/Title Theory B. Deeds of Trust/Mortgage C. Agreement for Sale D. Foreclosure/Forfeiture E. Post Foreclosed Remedies F. Mortgage Broker/Banker Regulations G. Lien Property H. Mechanic’s Lien I. Judgments VI. Real Estate Office Management - 11 Questions X A. Types of Ownership B. Operating a Real Estate Office C. Government Requirements D. Insurance E. Risk Management F Recordkeeping G. Accounting H. Supervision/Training I. Activities of Licensee Arizona State Law Examination Content Outline for Cemetery Salesperson and Broker The salesperson examination consists of thirty (30) questions. The broker examination consists of forty (40) questions. I. Cemetery associations IV. Licensing and Regulation A. Associations A. Organization and regulation of cemeteries B. Corporations B. Licensing and regulation of cemetery brokers and C. Duties of cemetery directors and officers salespersons II. Cemetery ownership V. Principles of practice A. Plot ownership A. Agent/principal obligations B. Deeds B. Principles of cemetery practice C. Certificates of ownership C. Business ethics in the sales and operation of cemeteries D. Contracts of sale E. Liens F. Leases III. Cemetery management A. Establishing B. Dedicating C. Maintaining D. Managing E. Operating F. Improving G. Preserving H. Conducting Arizona State Law Examination Content Outline for Membership Campground Salesperson and Broker The salesperson examination consists of thirty (30) questions. The broker examination consists of forty (40) questions. I. Contracts III. Licensing and Regulation A. Agency contracts A. Organization and regulation of membership II. Membership campgrounds campgrounds A. Establishing B. Licensing and regulation of salespersons and brokers B. Maintaining IV. Principles of practice C. Managing A. Agent/principal obligations D. Operating B. Principles of membership campground practice C. Business ethics in the sales and operation of membership campgrounds The entire question pool for both the national and state-specific portions of the examinations, each form of the examination, and any materials used to administer the examination are copyrighted by and are the property of Pearson VUE. Any distribution of examination content by oral or written communication or by any material or other reproduction is strictly prohibited and punishable by law.
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