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US Sup Crt Cases Matching Quiz _1

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US Sup Crt Cases Matching Quiz _1 Powered By Docstoc
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US Supreme Court Landmark Cases Matching Quiz #1

Directions: Match the following descriptions with the correct Supreme Court cases below by writing
the letter of the correct case next to the corresponding description.

   a.   Marbury v. Madison (1803)
   b.   McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
   c.   Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856)
   d.   Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
   e.   Schenck v. United States (1919)
   f.   Gitlow v. New York (1925)
   g.   Korematsu v. United States (1944)
   h.   Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)
   i.   Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
   j.   Baker v. Carr (1962)
   k.   Engel v. Vitale (1962)
   l.   Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
   m.   Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
   n.   Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
   o.   Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)


   _____1. Extended protections of the 1st Amendment freedom of speech to the states and ruled that states
            could limit freedom of speech if it is in direct reference to overthrowing the government by
            force.
   _____2. Established the power of judicial review for the Supreme Court.
   _____3. Said that all evidence seized in an illegally performed search is inadmissible in court; this is
            known as the exclusionary rule.
   _____4. Allowed states to discriminate on the basis of race according to a separate-but-equal doctrine.
   _____5. Established the precedence that a list of specific rights must be read to a suspect before
            questioning by the police.
   _____6. Dealt with the establishment of a National Bank of the United States and declared that the US
            Congress had the power to establish such a bank because of the necessary and proper clause
            (implied powers) and that no state could tax such a bank because of the Supremacy Clause of the
            Constitution.
   _____7. Provided that states must provide counsel in criminal trials for those unable to afford it.
   _____8. Set up the “clear and present danger” test that is used to decide the constitutionality of a law that
            limits a citizen’s First Amendment rights.
   _____9. Struck down racially-based school segregation and discrimination in public accommodations.
   _____10. Ruled that slaves could not sue to gain their freedom and that only Congress can grant national
            citizenship.
   _____11. Allowed the President to use an Executive Order to intern Japanese Americans during World
            War II.
   _____12. Prohibits the state-sponsored recitation of prayer in schools.
   _____13. Established the precedent that various elements of the Constitution grant people a fundamental
            right to privacy, laying the groundwork for the argument that was later used to support the right
            to abortion in Roe v. Wade.
   _____14. Established a test to assess whether or not government money is going to a secular or religious
            purpose.
   _____15. Ruled that reapportionment cases present justiciable questions and thus can be decided by
            federal courts.

				
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