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Name __________________________________________ Date ___________________ US Supreme Court Landmark Cases Matching Quiz #1 Directions: Match the following descriptions with the correct Supreme Court cases below by writing the letter of the correct case next to the corresponding description. a. Marbury v. Madison (1803) b. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) c. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856) d. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) e. Schenck v. United States (1919) f. Gitlow v. New York (1925) g. Korematsu v. United States (1944) h. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) i. Mapp v. Ohio (1961) j. Baker v. Carr (1962) k. Engel v. Vitale (1962) l. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) m. Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) n. Miranda v. Arizona (1966) o. Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) _____1. Extended protections of the 1st Amendment freedom of speech to the states and ruled that states could limit freedom of speech if it is in direct reference to overthrowing the government by force. _____2. Established the power of judicial review for the Supreme Court. _____3. Said that all evidence seized in an illegally performed search is inadmissible in court; this is known as the exclusionary rule. _____4. Allowed states to discriminate on the basis of race according to a separate-but-equal doctrine. _____5. Established the precedence that a list of specific rights must be read to a suspect before questioning by the police. _____6. Dealt with the establishment of a National Bank of the United States and declared that the US Congress had the power to establish such a bank because of the necessary and proper clause (implied powers) and that no state could tax such a bank because of the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution. _____7. Provided that states must provide counsel in criminal trials for those unable to afford it. _____8. Set up the “clear and present danger” test that is used to decide the constitutionality of a law that limits a citizen’s First Amendment rights. _____9. Struck down racially-based school segregation and discrimination in public accommodations. _____10. Ruled that slaves could not sue to gain their freedom and that only Congress can grant national citizenship. _____11. Allowed the President to use an Executive Order to intern Japanese Americans during World War II. _____12. Prohibits the state-sponsored recitation of prayer in schools. _____13. Established the precedent that various elements of the Constitution grant people a fundamental right to privacy, laying the groundwork for the argument that was later used to support the right to abortion in Roe v. Wade. _____14. Established a test to assess whether or not government money is going to a secular or religious purpose. _____15. Ruled that reapportionment cases present justiciable questions and thus can be decided by federal courts.
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