Reasons Why People Work

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					       Reasons Why People Work
• Money to meet basic
  physical needs
• Meet emotional /
  intellectual / social
   –   Achievement
   –   Fulfillment
   –   Personal growth
   –   Sense of belonging
   –   Approval
             Job versus Career
• A job is a specific     • A career is a series of
  position with a           related jobs in a
  particular employer.      particular field.
• Most people change      • Most people have
                            more than one career
  jobs from time to time:   in their lifetime in
   – Gain more experience   response to:
   – Earn more $              – Economic conditions
   – Do something different   – Seek greater
                  Career Path
• A career path consists
  of the steps that you
  take to reach your
  career goal:
   – Education
   – Training
   – Job experience
         Career and Lifestyle
• Your career choices will influence factors
  on the short term and for years to
  come…therefore, you need to think
  carefully about your values and priorities.
  – How much you earn
  – Where you live and work
  – Your schedule and free time
    Questions to Think About…
• What type of family life to
  I envision for my future?
• Where do I want to live?
• What level of material
  comfort status will you be
  satisfied with?
• Do I want to take an active
  role in my community
• What kind of balance do I
  hope to achieve between
  my work and other areas
  of my life?
Deciding what kind of lifestyle you
would like does not guarantee that
 you will achieve it, but it will help
   you narrow down your career
 choices and eliminate those that
       are clearly unsuitable.
    Public Versus Private Sector
• Public sector is funded   • Private sector is the
  by tax dollars.             part of the economy
                              that is not controlled
• Local and state             by the government.
  governments and
                            • Businesses that
  federal government          produce and sell goods
  agencies                    for a profit
   – Firemen                   – Department stores
   – Policemen                 – Automakers
   – Teachers                  – Insurance companies
          Types of Business
• Individual proprietors
  – Owned and controlled by 1 person
• Partnerships
  – Owned or controlled by 2+ people
• Corporations
  – Owned by many people (stakeholders)
        Types of Employment
                 Pro’s and Con’s

• Full time (8 hours/day, 5 days/week)
• Part time (fewer days, fewer hours/day)
• Contract (working on a specific project for a
  specific period of time)
• Temporary (hire to help during busy seasons or
  filling in for vacationing employees)
• Freelance (self employed and may work for a
  number of clients)
• Someone who sets up
  and operates a
• Pro’s ?
• Con’s ?
• More than 2/3rd of new
  businesses do fail
  within the first four
         Education and Training
•   Apprenticeship
•   Internships
•   Vocational-technical centers
•   Trade schools
•   Community Colleges
•   Colleges and Universities
•   Armed forces
•   Distance learning
           Paying for Education
• Job
   – Start saving!
• Family
   – Help pay
   – Set aside money in a tax free account
• Financial Aid
   – Scholarship (awarded based on academics / athletics /
     special talents)
   – Grant (given on basis of need)
• Loans
   – Must be repaid over a period of time
          Exploring Career Paths
• In the United States today, there are more than
  20,000 occupations to choose from.
• The average person in your generation can expect
  to work until beyond age 67.
• You will want to choose work that is challenging
  and enjoyable. So look at your:
   –   Aptitude (natural talents)
   –   Skills (developed thru training and practice)
   –   Interests (what you enjoy in your free time)
   –   Personality traits
   –   Values (beliefs, feelings and ideas)
                     Job Hunting
• The top 10 qualities employers seek:
   –   Communication Skills (verbal/written)
   –   Honesty and Integrity
   –   Teamwork Skills (working with others)
   –   Interpersonal Skills (relating well to others)
   –   Motivation/Initiative
   –   Strong Work Ethic
   –   Analytical Skills
   –   Flexibility/Adaptability
   –   Computer Skills
   –   Self Confidence
                    Job Skills
• You will build your
  job skills through:
   – Class work
   – Participation (school
     and community
   – Volunteer services
   – Part time employment
             Career Clusters
• A group of occupations that have certain
  characteristics in common.
• Simplify your career search.
• Can help you plan your career path.
• Within each cluster you’ll find occupations
  that require different levels of education and
         Ten Career Clusters
• Health and Medicine   • Education and
• Agriculture and         Training
  Natural Resources     • Business and Finance
• Government, Law and   • Hospitality and
  Public Safety
                        • Manufacturing and
• Arts and                Engineering
  Communication         • Housing and
• Human Services          Construction
Places to Look
       • Networking
       • Newspaper classifieds
       • Internet
       • Temporary Employment
       • Public Library
       • Volunteer
       • 80% of Available Jobs
         are NOT advertised
         Information to Gather
•   Nature of work
•   Working conditions
•   Qualifications
•   Employment patterns
•   Earnings
•   Future prospects
    Getting Firsthand Experience
• Part-time work
• Volunteer work
• Youth employment programs
• Job shadowing (follow a person as he/she
  goes thru the work day)
• Work-study programs (part of the week in
  school and part at work)
• Internships

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