Health and Safety by Zl6fT5Vg


									 Health and Safety

Dynamic Risk Assessment

To inform the students of the
need for and the importance of a
risk assessment.
    Learning Outcomes
At the end of the session students will:

• Understand the principles of risk

• Be aware of the strategy of risk
  assessment and control.
 Dynamic management of risk
The continuous process of identifying
hazards, assessing risk, taking action to
eliminate or reduce risk, monitoring and
reviewing, in the rapidly changing
circumstances of an operational incident.

The property of a substance, article or
situation which has the potential for
damaging persons, plant, material and
or the environment
The potential to cause harm.
• The probability of an event occurring in a
  given set of circumstances

• RISK = probability of event and severity of

• Expresses the likelihood that the harm
  from a hazardous substance, article or
  situation is realised.
          Key elements
• Identification of the hazards

• Assessment of the risks associated
  with the hazards

• Identification of who is at risk

• The effective application of measures
  that control the risk.
For every situation, task and person the
Incident Commander will need to consider;

• Information available e.g. risk cards,
  fire safety plans, etc
• Nature of the tasks to be carried out
• Hazards involved.
Risks involved to;
• Firefighters
• Other emergency service personnel
• Members of the public
• The environment
Resources available;
• Experienced personnel
• Appliances and equipment.
      Safe systems of work

• Review the options available in terms of
  standard procedures, choose the most
  appropriate for the situation

• The starting point must be procedures
  agreed in pre-planning and training.
  Assess the chosen system

Once a course of action has been decided,
the Incident Commander will need to make
a judgement on whether the risks involved
are proportional to the perceived benefits.
Assess the chosen system
If YES proceed after ensuring;
• Goals, both individual and team are
• Responsibilities have been clearly
• Safety measures and procedures are
Assess the chosen system

If NO then introduce additional control
 Additional control measures
Incident Commanders will need to eliminate or
reduce remaining risks to an acceptable level

• PPE (safety glasses, safety harnesses)
• Use of breathing apparatus
• Specialist equipment e.g. HP, TL
• Appointment of safety officers.
  Re-assess systems of work
• Even when safe systems are in place
  there may be residual risks or the risks
  and hazards may change

• It is therefore important to continually
  re-assess the hazards, risks and
  perceived benefits and ensure the safe
  systems of work in place are adequate.
          Incident debrief
It is important to highlight any unconventional
system or procedure used which was successful
or made the working environment safe

              •   Review
              •   Re-evaluate
              •   Refine
              •   Modify.
        Incident debrief

It is equally important to highlight all
equipment, systems or procedures
which did NOT work satisfactorily, or
made the working environment unsafe.
             Initial stage of incident
               Evaluate the situation, tasks & persons at risk

                           Select systems of work

                             Assess the chosen              Consider viable
Proceed with tasks
                              systems of work                alternatives

                               Are the risks
                        proportional to the benefits?
   Re-assess         YES Can additional control       NO    Do not proceed
 systems of work         measures be introduced?              with tasks
Development stage of incident
   As the incident develops;

   • Constantly assess the risks and
     control measures required

   • Halt tasks completely if the risk
     outweighs the benefit.
        Closing stage of incident

Maintain the process of task & hazard identification, assessment of risk,
 planning, organisation, control, monitoring & review of the preventive
                       and protective measures

                                               Significant information
    Incident debriefed
                                                    fed back to;

      Strategic level                             Systematic level
Assessments will be based on this session and
the corresponding study note

            Learning Outcomes

      • Understand the principles of risk
      • Be aware of the strategy of risk
        assessment and control.

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