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					                                                     San Jose Unified School District
                                                       Transportation Department
                                                      School Bus Driver Handbook

Section 2 -    Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 1
  Inclusion of Other Documents ................................................................................................................ 1

Section 3 -   General Information ............................................................................................................ 1
  Other Policies, Procedures and Information ........................................................................................... 1
  Transportation Department Organization, Employee Responsibilities................................................... 1

Section 4 -   General Guidelines for Drivers ........................................................................................... 1
  The Bus Environment ............................................................................................................................. 1
  Guidelines for Clean Buses ..................................................................................................................... 1
  Vehicle Cleaning..................................................................................................................................... 1
  Shop Safety ............................................................................................................................................. 2
  Avoiding Mechanical Breakdowns ......................................................................................................... 2
  Reporting Breakdowns during Regular Hours ........................................................................................ 3
  Reporting Breakdowns When Transportation Is Closed......................................................................... 3

Section 5 -    San Jose Unified School District Policies and Procedures ................................................. 1
  Student/Parent & Employee Information Handbook .............................................................................. 1
  SJUSD’s Injury and Illness Protection Program ..................................................................................... 1
     Workers’ Compensation ..................................................................................................................... 1
  Conduct While On Duty ......................................................................................................................... 1
  Smoking on District Property ................................................................................................................. 1
  Change of Address or Telephone Numbers ............................................................................................ 2
  Special Information ................................................................................................................................. 2
  Absence/Leave Requests......................................................................................................................... 2
  Personal Appearance ............................................................................................................................... 2
  Traffic Citations ...................................................................................................................................... 3
  Vacation Leave ....................................................................................................................................... 3
  Sick Leave ............................................................................................................................................... 3
  Selection, Bid of Daily Bus Routes and Buses, Open Positions ............................................................. 3
     Definitions........................................................................................................................................... 3
     Posting procedures, Timeline .............................................................................................................. 4
     Bidding Procedures ............................................................................................................................. 4
     Procedures for Open Routes ............................................................................................................... 4
  Extra Work Guidelines ........................................................................................................................... 5

Section 6 -   Legal Requirements and Information.................................................................................. 1
  Alcohol and Drugs / Drug-Free Workplace Policy ................................................................................. 1
  Sexual Harassment .................................................................................................................................. 2
  Child Abuse ............................................................................................................................................ 2
  Authority of School District Boards ....................................................................................................... 2
  Required Service in a Disaster ................................................................................................................ 2
  Driving Proficiency ................................................................................................................................. 2
  Compliance with Work Time Limits ...................................................................................................... 3
  Licenses and Certificates ........................................................................................................................ 3
  Unsafe Load – Legal Definitions ............................................................................................................ 4
  Prohibited Bus Stops ............................................................................................................................... 4
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   Designated Bus Stops ............................................................................................................................. 4
   Transit System Stops............................................................................................................................... 5
   Idling at Schools and Bus Stops.............................................................................................................. 5
   Pupil Discipline Regulations and Policy................................................................................................. 5

Section 7 -      Drivers and Dispatch........................................................................................................... 1
  Reporting for Duty, Calling Off .............................................................................................................. 1
  Clocking in .............................................................................................................................................. 1
     Arriving Late ....................................................................................................................................... 1
  Standby ................................................................................................................................................... 2
  Non-Driving Duties ................................................................................................................................ 2
  Breaks ..................................................................................................................................................... 2
  Working extra ......................................................................................................................................... 2
  Cover Drivers .......................................................................................................................................... 3
  Assignment of Keys ................................................................................................................................ 3
  Two-Way Radio Communications ......................................................................................................... 3
  Routes and Schedules ............................................................................................................................. 4
  Dead Stops .............................................................................................................................................. 5
  Route Changes ........................................................................................................................................ 5

Section 8 -   Driver Training ................................................................................................................... 1
  Renewal of Driving Documents.............................................................................................................. 1
  Bus Driver Certification Responsibilities ............................................................................................... 2
  Driver Trainer Responsibilities ............................................................................................................... 2

Section 9 -      Driving ................................................................................................................................ 1
  Time Awareness...................................................................................................................................... 1
  Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection .................................................................................................................... 1
  Driver’s Vision ....................................................................................................................................... 1
  Headlights ............................................................................................................................................... 1
  Leaving the Driver’s Compartment ........................................................................................................ 1
  Bus Parking and Security ........................................................................................................................ 1
  Checking the Interior of the Bus ............................................................................................................. 2
  Backing your Bus .................................................................................................................................... 3
  Tips for Operating Your Vehicle ............................................................................................................ 3
  Safety in Congested Areas ...................................................................................................................... 3
  Fueling .................................................................................................................................................... 4
  Mechanical Considerations ..................................................................................................................... 4
     Brakes.................................................................................................................................................. 4
     Instruments and Gauges ...................................................................................................................... 4
     Automatic Transmissions.................................................................................................................... 5
     Shut-Down Procedure (Non-Emergency) ........................................................................................... 5
  Daily Reports and Repairs ...................................................................................................................... 5
  Rotational Unloading of Students ........................................................................................................... 5
  Do Not Drive Streets, Designated Routes............................................................................................... 6

Section 10 - Safety .................................................................................................................................. 1
  Preventing Accidents .............................................................................................................................. 1
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   Defensive Driving ................................................................................................................................... 1
   Speed ....................................................................................................................................................... 1
   Railroad Crossing Policy ........................................................................................................................ 1
   Weather Conditions Affecting Safe Operation of Buses ........................................................................ 2
     Inclement Weather (Reference: CVC 34501.6) .................................................................................. 2
     Wet Pavement ..................................................................................................................................... 3
     Wet Brakes .......................................................................................................................................... 3
   Loading and Unloading Procedures ........................................................................................................ 3
     The Danger Zone................................................................................................................................. 3
   Driver Responsibility at Bus Stops ......................................................................................................... 4
   Bus Stop Safety ....................................................................................................................................... 5
   Loading Zone Safety ............................................................................................................................... 5
   School Bus Stops, Light Systems and Procedures (Ref: CVC 22112) ................................................... 6
   Special Notes About Red Light Escorting .............................................................................................. 6
   Hazardous Loading or Unloading Condition .......................................................................................... 7
   Escorting Pupils ...................................................................................................................................... 7
   Hijacking and Kidnapping ...................................................................................................................... 8
   Transporting Large or Hazardous Articles .............................................................................................. 8
   Transporting Articles in the Passenger Compartment of a School Bus .................................................. 8
   Safe Riding Practices .............................................................................................................................. 9

Section 11 - Student/Public Relations ..................................................................................................... 1
  Relationship with Pupils ......................................................................................................................... 1
  Bus Passes ............................................................................................................................................... 1
  New Pupils .............................................................................................................................................. 1
  Ambassador to the Public ....................................................................................................................... 1
     An Ambassador to The Pupils Who Ride Your Bus. .......................................................................... 2
     An Ambassador to Teachers and Other School Personnel.................................................................. 2
     An Ambassador to Parents .................................................................................................................. 2
     An Ambassador to The Public ............................................................................................................ 2

Section 12 - Passenger Management ....................................................................................................... 1
  Student Behavior and Safety ................................................................................................................... 1
  Building Rapport, Support ...................................................................................................................... 1
  AM/FM Radio Procedures ...................................................................................................................... 2
  Basic Techniques, Age Differences ........................................................................................................ 2
  Principles of Pupil Management ............................................................................................................. 3
  Crisis Management ................................................................................................................................. 4
  Be Firm, Consistent ................................................................................................................................ 4
  Cultural Diversity.................................................................................................................................... 5
  Passenger Interactions ............................................................................................................................. 5
  Reporting Misbehavior on Buses and at Bus Stops ................................................................................ 5

Section 13 - General Field Trip Information ........................................................................................... 1
  Field Trips ............................................................................................................................................... 1
  Rosters .................................................................................................................................................... 1
  Pupil Management .................................................................................................................................. 1
  Trip Directions ........................................................................................................................................ 2
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   Tips for Better Trips................................................................................................................................ 2
     Undercarriage ...................................................................................................................................... 2
     Questions about Destinations, Directions ........................................................................................... 2
     Time before Trips................................................................................................................................ 2
     Be On Time ......................................................................................................................................... 2
     Missing Group..................................................................................................................................... 3
     Running Late ....................................................................................................................................... 3
     Verify Destination, Times ................................................................................................................... 3
     Safety First .......................................................................................................................................... 3
     Adult Chaperone ................................................................................................................................. 3
     Bus Convoy Travel ............................................................................................................................. 4
     Driver's Responsibilities at the Destination ........................................................................................ 4
     Staying With the Bus?......................................................................................................................... 4
     Group Lunches .................................................................................................................................... 4
     Clean It and Fuel It .............................................................................................................................. 5
   Run Coverage.......................................................................................................................................... 5

Section 14 - Emergency Procedures ........................................................................................................ 1
  Avoiding Accidents ................................................................................................................................ 1
  Definition of a School Bus Accident ...................................................................................................... 1
  Reporting School Bus Accidents ............................................................................................................ 1
  General Procedures at the Scene of an Accident .................................................................................... 1
     Witnesses ............................................................................................................................................ 3
  Reporting Accidents or Incidents When Transportation is Closed ......................................................... 3
  Accidents with Unattended Vehicles ...................................................................................................... 3
  Writing an Accident Report .................................................................................................................... 3
  Mechanical Defects ................................................................................................................................. 4
  Accident Report Forms ........................................................................................................................... 4
  New Damage to Vehicles........................................................................................................................ 5
  Sending Pupils for Assistance................................................................................................................. 5

Section 15 - Evacuation Procedures and Drill......................................................................................... 1
  Bus Safety and Evacuation Training ....................................................................................................... 1
  School Bus Emergency Evacuation ........................................................................................................ 1
  Evacuation Procedures ............................................................................................................................ 2
     Be the Rock ......................................................................................................................................... 2
     Your Evacuation Training Goal .......................................................................................................... 3
     Evacuation Responsibilities ................................................................................................................ 3
  Preparing for an Evacuation Drill ........................................................................................................... 3
  What If No Relief or Emergency Personnel Come to Your Rescue? ..................................................... 3

Section 16 - APPENDIX ......................................................................................................................... 1
  Attitude is Everything ............................................................................................................................. 2
     Share the sunshine............................................................................................................................... 3
  Pupil Discipline Outline.......................................................................................................................... 5
     What you can do to help in the discipline process .............................................................................. 5
     Discipline procedures .......................................................................................................................... 5
     Understanding various cultures ........................................................................................................... 6
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   Understanding yourself as a driver...................................................................................................... 6
  Guidelines, Memos and Information ...................................................................................................... 8



This handbook is the result of a collaborative effort between Transportation Administrators, Trainers,
Dispatchers, Drivers and the Union to assist all transportation employees in succeeding in their careers.
The primary purpose of the handbook is to outline requirements, guidelines, personnel regulations and
operations of bus drivers and other employees in the San Jose Unified School District Transportation
Department.
A copy of this handbook shall be provided to each bus driver. Each San Jose Unified School District
School Bus Driver must become familiar with the complete contents of this handbook and appendix, and
should have a copy available for reference while they are on duty. Drivers are also encouraged to review
this handbook on a regular basis to refresh your understanding of the department’s policies and
procedures, as well as for guidance in situations. However, do not store this handbook in the bus.
Suggestions for improvements or changes should be brought to the attention of an administrator and/or
union representative, preferably in writing. This handbook and appendix will be amended as needed,
and the amendments distributed to all drivers.




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Section 2 - Introduction
As a school bus driver, you are a part of a very special team. You’re a professional driver and have
worked hard to achieve that status. The responsibilities of a school bus driver are many, but the most
important responsibility is the safety of your passengers. San Jose Unified School District strives for an
excellent safety record and every one of you makes an invaluable contribution toward this achievement
in excellence. The District is fortunate to have people like you who care about the students they
transport, and the pride you take in your job.
As you well know, our buses are rolling billboards, advertising the
San Jose Unified School District. Whatever you do or say when
driving your bus is a direct reflection on all school bus drivers and
on our school district. As a professional school bus driver, you are
the ultimate model of safe driving. Your passengers are the drivers
of tomorrow and it’s important to demonstrate to them, and to the
rest of the driving public, how they should drive their own vehicles.
You are also being a positive role model by driving defensively,
cautiously and courteously, as well as being a model on how to act
with appropriate behavior.

Inclusion of Other Documents
The CHP Passenger Transportation Safety Handbook (82.7), the California Vehicle Code (CVC), Title 5
and Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations (5 CCR, 13 CCR) California Education Code (CEC),
the DOE Behind The Wheel Training Guide, all City and County Ordinances, all Federal rules and
regulations and all District policies and regulations pertaining to school buses are hereby made a part of
this handbook and shall be observed at all times while on duty. Should you need to refer to any of these
publications, and do not have one, contact a Driver Trainer or Transportation Administrator.




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Section 3 - General Information
Observance of the rules, regulations and policies in this handbook protects school bus drivers as well as
the School District, and helps promote the highest degree of safety and efficiency in pupil transportation.
It is simply impossible to anticipate every possible emergency or situation and how you should react.
Even to attempt to do so would produce an extremely voluminous and ultimately incomplete handbook.
You are a trained, professional driver. There will be times when you will have to make some decisions
based on your training and good judgment. When this becomes necessary, always remember the safety
of your passengers is your first consideration. Consider your options, the possible consequences, then
choose what you feel is the best and safest solution.

Other Policies, Procedures and Information
This handbook provides a great deal of information on the rules and policies of the San Jose Unified
Transportation Department. Other departmental policies, procedures and other information, which are
typically distributed in memo or handout form, are located in the Appendix.
A single page guide, Driver Expectations, of what the District, or any other employer would expect of
their professional driving staff, is also located in the appendix. If you have a question, check this
handbook and the appendix to see if it addresses your issue. If not, check with an administrator.

Transportation Department Organization, Employee Responsibilities
The Transportation Supervisor's responsibility is the overall management of the safe and efficient
operation of the Transportation Department.
The Transportation Scheduler's primary responsibility is scheduling buses, drivers and routes, and other
duties consistent with the job description, law, regulation, District and departmental policy..
The Dispatcher/Scheduler's primary responsibilities are ensuring the day to day driving assignments for
regular transportation and extra transportation are covered, performing initial and ongoing maintenance
of routes, and other duties consistent with the job description, law, regulation, District and departmental
policy.
The Driver Trainer's responsibility is to provide training including classroom,
behind the wheel, performing proficiency check rides, etc. They are also
responsible for upkeep of required driver training records and other duties
consistent with the job description, law, regulation, District and departmental
policy.
The Bus Driver's responsibility is to drive a school bus safely with or without passengers aboard, and to
keep the bus clean at all times. Drivers are responsible for completing all required paperwork accurately
and legibly, and must submit the Daily Bus Report and other required paperwork on the day that the
work was performed, and other duties consistent with the job description, law, regulation, District and
departmental policy.
The Clerical staff is the primary contact between the department and the rest of the world. They also
ensure required paperwork is complete, records are kept, bills are paid and timecards are accurate and
other duties consistent with the job description, law, regulation, District and departmental policy.


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Section 4 - General Guidelines for Drivers
The Bus Environment
Take pride in the appearance and operating condition of your bus. Make your passengers feel welcome
as they get on board your bus. Things like these tend to make the students feel good about being on the
bus so they are then less likely to cause problems.
You should be friendly, but not overly familiar with your students, nor should you encourage your
passengers to be overly familiar with you. Being a bus driver isn’t a popularity contest, and you
shouldn’t try to make it one; it’s about getting the kids to and from school or a school-related activity
safely. But you should seek and earn their respect, maintaining an amiable relationship. Friendliness is
important in establishing good relationships with fellow workers as well as with students.

Guidelines for Clean Buses
Bus Drivers are responsible for cleaning their assigned bus (including spare buses) as follows:
      Floors are to be kept clean at all times and, if necessary, mopped. Every bus shall be kept clean
       and free of litter. (13 CCR 1232)
      All windows are to be kept clean.
      Dash, windshield, and driver's area are to be kept clean and uncluttered. The use of decorative
       magnets and stickers is prohibited by the CHP.
      Seats are to be kept clean and free of litter.
      Articles found during cleaning are to be turned in to the Transportation Office, unless you know
       the owner and can return the article during the next run or the next day.
      Your personal articles should not be allowed to accumulate on the dash, above the sun visor of
       the bus or in the compartments.
      Unless other arrangements have been made, buses should be
       washed once a week. Drivers usually have time built into
       their routes for routine cleaning tasks including keeping the
       interior walls and ceiling of the bus clean. Other employees
       may be assigned to wash buses for routes that do not have
       time built in. If other arrangements have not been made and
       time has not been built into your route, you will be allotted
       one hour per week to wash your bus. See an Administrator if
       you have any questions.
      Do not store food or food items on any bus.
See the Bus Interior and Cleanliness and Bus & Equipment Washing Procedures memos, located in the
Appendix, for more information.

Vehicle Cleaning
Your fellow bus drivers developed the following suggestions for keeping your bus clean:
      Keep trash can emptied and use plastic liners
      Have dash clean and dusted, no soda and/or coffee cups

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      Keep sodas out of the bus, as the spills cause sticky, icky floors
      Keep ceiling and walls clean
      Keep Emergency equipment clean and easy to reach and remove
      Clean mirrors, lenses, tail lights, etc.
      Keep cubby holes and storage compartments cleared out, with no unnecessary items; papers,
       rags, cleaning supplies, etc. cluttering the area
      Have a uniform, easily located place for all supplies or tire buddies, etc.
      Keep the seatbelt clean and off the floor.
      Do not use vinyl cleaner to clean the steering wheel as it degrades the finish.
      Do not hose out the inside of the bus (it will rust out under the flooring)
      Check bus after each run for litter and lost articles
      Close windows all the way, turn off the radio, and close the door at the end of every day - no
       exceptions
      Do not take equipment from other buses
      Teach students to keep the bus clean to be considerate of themselves and others. Be consistent,
       set standards and keep to them; all will profit from driver/student cooperation.
      Mark supplies and tire buddies, etc. with Bus number.

Shop Safety
Mechanics frequently drive buses and other buses in and out of the Shop and may not expect, or see, you
if you happen to be wandering around the shop. To ensure the mechanics are able to focus on their work,
drivers should not disturb or distract shop employees, or loiter in the shop area. When walking through
the shop, or if you have business in the shop, walk straight through on the perimeter of the work area.

Avoiding Mechanical Breakdowns
For dependable service and maximum safety, every school bus must be kept in top operating condition.
Since every vehicle is subject to wear or damage, we are required to inspect it each day before use, and
defects must be reported promptly so that maintenance can be performed before the bus becomes
disabled or involved in an accident.
Every school bus driver plays a key role in school bus maintenance because the driver is most likely to
notice a problem or malfunction. Report anything out of the ordinary
regardless of how insignificant it may seem. Sometimes the small things
you notice are symptoms of a larger problem.
Continue to check all systems throughout the day knowing that the
condition of the bus can change as the day progresses. Be alert to any
"warning signals" that indicate the bus may not be operating properly.
Watch the instruments and gauges. Use your four senses: SIGHT,
SMELL, FEEL, and HEARING. Your vigilance will permit you to spot
possible trouble and act accordingly before the condition causes damage, or contributes to a breakdown
or accident. Loss of oil pressure, high water temperature (more than 200 degrees) or transmission
temperature (more than 250 degrees), or the rapid loss of air in a bus equipped with air brakes, all
indicate problems in which the bus should be parked, shut down and secured in a safe location
immediately. WHEN IN DOUBT, SHUT IT DOWN!

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Reporting Breakdowns during Regular Hours
All breakdowns must be reported immediately and directly to Dispatch who will then notify the Shop.
Dispatch must again be notified by the driver when the bus has been repaired and is ready for service.
The regular Dispatch number, 535-6182, should be used to report breakdowns if you cannot reach
Dispatch via two-way radio. It is recommended that you keep two or three quarters in the first aid kit or
another location in the bus in the event the only telephone available is a pay phone. Toll charges may be
reversed to report an emergency, accident, or breakdown.
When making the call, whether by radio or telephone, be prepared to furnish as much information as
possible about the circumstances of the breakdown. The exact address or location is necessary. Be as
specific as possible in describing the nature of the problem so the mechanic can be dispatched with the
necessary tools and parts to make the needed repairs.

Reporting Breakdowns When Transportation Is Closed
Each driver must have a "Transportation Emergency Numbers" card in their possession while on duty. If
you have broken down, call the appropriate Transportation Administrator for further instructions. If an
Administrator is unavailable, you should first try to call the Lead Mechanic then one of the other
Mechanics listed on the card. If necessary, also try to contact a dispatcher or scheduler for assistance.




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Section 5 - San Jose Unified School District Policies and
            Procedures
Student/Parent & Employee Information Handbook
The District publishes a handbook annually for the students, parents and employee of the District. It
contains general information regarding the rights and responsibilities of students and parents and has
been approved by the board of education as District Policy. It also helps define policy, establishes
guidelines, rights and responsibilities for use by the Transportation Department, the schools and at the
administrative levels. See one of the clerical staff to obtain a current copy of this handbook.

SJUSD’s Injury and Illness Protection Program
The District has developed and published an Injury and Illness Protection Program. The Transportation
Department’s copy of the program is located in the Transportation Safety Center in the hallway
downstairs. Every district employee is expected to become familiar, and comply, with the program to
reduce the likelihood of injury or illness in their workplace.

Workers’ Compensation
The District participates in California’s Workers’ Compensation program.
The District strives to make the workplace as safe as possible to reduce injury
to its employees. Unfortunately, employees will get injured on the job and our
Risk Management department will help us in whatever way it can.
Some procedures and forms are required to be followed and filled out if an
injury does occur. See the Workers’ Compensation Information booklet
located in the appendix for more information.

Conduct While On Duty
All District employees should always keep in mind that they are employed to
serve the public and must be courteous at all times to students and adults. We must conduct ourselves in
a manner that will reflect positively upon us as well as to the school system. The use of boisterous,
profane, or vulgar language by an employee on school property, a school bus, or near students or adults
is highly inappropriate and sets a very poor example.

Smoking on District Property
It is District policy to have a tobacco and drug free workplace. Smoking and the use of tobacco products
by all persons is prohibited on all school district property. The definition of District Property includes
school buildings, grounds and District owned vehicles. The prohibition also extends to school sponsored
events off campus. In addition, employees shall not smoke in the presence of students or while at bus
stops. Eating and/or drinking while driving, or when students are aboard, is not permitted.




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Change of Address or Telephone Numbers
It is very important that the District and the Department always have on file a current address and phone
number for all their employees. District "Change of Address" and Departmental “Driver Information”
forms may be obtained from a Transportation Clerk if you need to make a change. Complete both forms
and return them to the Transportation Office within five days of when the change became effective.
Change of address must also be made with the DMV and with the CHP within 10 days of any address
change.

Special Information
Special instructions, modified schedules and other information will be issued from time to time, and all
such instructions must be followed during the time they are in force. These instructions may be verbal
or written. Written notices will typically be posted on the bulletin board and/or placed in your box. Any
questions regarding these notices or bulletins should be referred to the Transportation Dispatchers or
Administrators for clarification.
The notifications can be put out at any time. To make sure you have the most current information, read
the bulletin board and check your box every time you return to the Transportation Yard.

Absence/Leave Requests
Whenever you know in advance, of any important appointments,
funerals, jury duty, floating holidays, etc., please complete and
submit a Leave Request Form as soon as you become aware of
the need. Be sure to also to also call in your absence right away to
the District’s HR absence recorder at 535-6425 or enter it online                                                at
emp.sjusd.org. See the Absence Reporting System memo, located
in the appendix, for more information on how to use that system.

Personal Appearance
As a professional, we ask that you use common sense in choosing your attire for work. You are
transporting impressionable children and it’s important to be a good role model for them. While your
hairstyle and clothing is individual and personal, you should still be a model of clean hygiene and good
grooming when reporting for work.
A Transportation Administrator will only become involved if your choices are deemed to be extreme
and/or could cause distraction, disruption, be unsafe, be considered a form or harassment, etc. If
necessary, the administrator may require you go home and change into something more appropriate for
your position.
Shoes must be worn at all time while on duty for safety reasons. All garments must be hemmed with
seams, no cut offs or clothes with holes. Some articles of clothing that are inappropriate are:
      Garments where the torso or entire thigh is exposed; i.e., tube tops, half shirts, halters, micro
       minis, short, flimsy, gym, jogging and/or cut-off shorts, bathing suits, physical education
       clothing, or tank tops.



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      Clothing or buttons which show obscene words or pictures, ethnic or religious slurs, sexually
       suggestive statements or that promote illegal activities including the use of alcohol, marijuana,
       tobacco and drugs, other items that are offensive, derogatory and/or do not present a positive
       image of yourself, department or profession.
      Inappropriate hats or other items in your hair.
      Clothing, colors or paraphernalia related to juvenile or adult gang-related activities.
      Open-toe sandals, shoes with a strap on the back, "Birkenstock Sandals," or any other style of
       shoes that are open at the toe, top or heel and do not offer complete protection to the foot.
       Spiked or high heels over one inch are inappropriate for drivers. This is for the safety of the
       employee.

Traffic Citations
Commercial drivers must obey traffic rules and regulations at all times. Any District employee receiving
a traffic citation while on duty will be held responsible for the payment of any fine. The Transportation
Department requires all driving personnel to submit to a Transportation Administrator a copy of any
traffic citation received while driving a School District vehicle.

Vacation Leave
All Bus Drivers may take accumulated paid vacation time during the winter, spring, and/or summer
recesses. Any exceptions must have the prior approval of the Transportation Administrator.

Sick Leave
Employees receive a certain amount of sick leave each year as specified in the
current bargaining agreement. Unused sick leave is cumulative from year to year
for all employees, and provides the best "salary insurance" anyone could have
during an extended illness. Use this benefit wisely.
Please remember that sick leave is a privilege, provided in case there is need to
recuperate from an illness, and should not be abused. If the department finds
there is abuse of sick leave, the administrator will follow through with the
individual employee using measures outlined in the bargaining agreement with
the employee’s union.

Selection, Bid of Daily Bus Routes and Buses, Open Positions

Definitions
A driver employed for the full school year will have a minimum of two chances to pick a route. The first
chance is called a “Selection” and this occurs before the first day of school. Routes often undergo
significant changes during the first few weeks of school, including major clock time changes, adding,
changing or deleting runs from a route, and/or other changes as needed to accommodate the needs of the
Department. Drivers must be willing to accept the changes that occur to their route at the start of school
with the understanding they will have the opportunity to bid on another later on.


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The second chance is called the “Bid” and must occur no later than mid-November. This is where
drivers select the position, whether it is a route or Cover position, which will be in effect for the
remainder of the school year. Once a driver has chosen their route, they cannot change unless another
route becomes open and they are the successful bidder for it.
The District reserves the right to assign specific capacity and/or type of bus to specific routes.

Posting procedures, Timeline
A list showing routes, route times and bus capacity required for each route shall be posted at least five
(5) business days before the selection or bid day. Any change of thirty (30) minutes or more on any
route will be noted on the posting.
Route and bus Selection will be held before the
start of the regular school year. Drivers may
inspect the individual routes at the
Transportation Office during regular office hours
the five days before the day of Selection.
Bidding will take place no later than mid-November. Employees may inspect, in detail, the individual
routes at the Transportation Office during regular office hours the work week before the day of bidding.

Bidding Procedures
All bus drivers shall report for duty on the select/bid day, and be available during the select/bid process,
to enable it to be completed in a timely manner. Any employee unavailable to personally attend the
select/bid should designate another person (proxy) to select/bid for him/her. In this case, the employee
should state his/her preferences in numerical order, and sign the list. Each driver or designee will be
allowed a maximum of five (5) minutes to make his/her selection.
Starting in the 2008-09 school year, management will conduct a test and designate a range of times for
when a driver is expected to be available to bid. A driver will be on the clock during their specified time.
Management reserves the right to rescind this test or make this policy with notice to the union.
Any bus driver who fails to be reasonably available during their time to bid and when it is their turn to
bid/select, does not designate a proxy to bid/select for them, or otherwise fails to exercise his/her bidding
rights will have an assignment made for them. The assignment will be made after consultation with
management and/or the union.
Daily routes and buses shall be bid by bus drivers on the basis of the Bus Driver Seniority List (based on
date of hire and lottery number. Drivers shall sign or initial the bid sheets indicating selected: 1) route
2) bus and 3) work assignment schedule.

Procedures for Open Routes
When a vacancy occurs between October 31 and April 30 in an established position, the vacancy will be
posted in-house for three (3) days. This vacancy shall be available to all who wish to transfer into the
posted position. No transfers shall occur before November 1 nor after May 1.
Assignment of the position shall be primarily according to seniority. Seniority shall be determined by
the employee's original date of hire as a permanent employee in the Department, as set by the Human
Resource Department, and by lottery number.

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Other restrictions for a vacant position may also be present. These will be noted on the Open Route bid
sheet. Drivers who bid on an open position must meet, or be able to meet, all additional restrictions
noted on the bid sheet before being awarded the position.
If the position will increase an employee's number of assigned hours, the highest senior driver with a
lesser number of hours shall be appointed provisionally to the position as soon as the vacancy occurs at a
higher number of hours. At the conclusion of all bumping, that driver shall be assigned to the position
left vacant in that category.
Before the in-house posting, management shall examine the vacant route to determine the actual hours
necessary for that position and shall reserve the right to change the hours and/or bus assignments due to
the needs of the District regarding the vacant position.

Extra Work Guidelines
Procedures for the distribution, and tracking the assignments, of extra work in conjunction with
applicable provisions of the SJUSD-AFSCME Agreement are used in the distribution of extra work for
bus drivers in the department. A recent copy of the Extra Work Guidelines is located in the appendix. A
current copy is also available from a member of the clerical staff.




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Section 6 - Legal Requirements and Information
Alcohol and Drugs / Drug-Free Workplace Policy
The use of alcoholic beverages within four (4) hours before reporting for duty, while on duty, or between
shifts is expressly prohibited. You shall not operate a school bus with the odor of alcohol on your breath
or if your blood alcohol content is greater than 0.01%. You are required to take a blood, breath, or urine
test or other kind of test to determine the amount of alcohol in the blood if so requested. Refusal to
submit to such a test immediately upon request will be sufficient cause for disciplinary action up to and
including dismissal.
Any drug or medication taken orally or otherwise, that affects the central
nervous system, is prohibited. These include, but are not limited to,
amphetamines, barbiturates, narcotics or other dangerous drugs or
controlled substances specified under Sections 102 (6) of the Federal
Controlled Substance Act (21 USC 802 )(6). You must not operate a
school bus while under the influence of any of the above-mentioned
substances, whether or not prescribed by a physician. Drug testing, as
required under Federal Law, will be strictly adhered to.
The use of prescribed drugs is appropriate, as long as the use is not abused and/or does not interfere with
your ability to safely operate a school bus. You should carry proof of the prescribed drug in your
possession at all times while on duty. The prescribed drug must not in any manner diminish your ability
to safely operate a school bus. Consult with your physician at the time they make the prescription, and at
regular intervals, to ensure taking the drug will not adversely affect your ability to safely operate a school
bus.
Any CDL driver found to be affected by any substance that might impair normal body function or
judgment will be relieved of all safety sensitive driving assignments pending an investigation of the
circumstances. Be aware that other drugs or substances purchased "over the counter" might be
considered unsafe for you to take if they tend to reduce alertness, bring on drowsiness, or slow down
your reaction times. These substances include, among others, some antihistamines, pain relievers, and
remedies for colds, and hay fever. If you require medication, check with your physician or pharmacist as
to the possible side effects before taking the medication.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988, (Public Law 100-690, Title V,
Subtitle D), it is the policy of the San Jose Unified School District to provide a drug-free workplace.
The unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance is
prohibited in the workplace, which includes all facilities under the control and use of the San Jose
Unified School District.
Any violation of this prohibition by an employee of the San Jose Unified School District may result in
(1) requiring such employee to participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation
program; or (2) disciplinary action up to and including termination.
For more information, see the Controlled Substances and Alcohol Policy located in the appendix.




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Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment is a bad thing, against the law and will not be tolerated in this workplace. You should
be on guard against any form of harassment between employees. It’s also important to be aware of any
forms of harassment that may arise between students on your bus, and work to prevent and deal with any
that may occur. See the Sexual Harassment information, located in the appendix, for more information.

Child Abuse
Abuse of a child in any form, whether physically or verbally, by anybody is something we cannot
tolerate. All employees of San Jose Unified School District are what are called “Mandated Reporters.”
This means if you see any signs of abuse, you are required to report it to the local child protection
agency. See the Child Abuse Reporting Procedures, located in the appendix, for more information on
what to look for and how to make the mandatory reports.

Authority of School District Boards
The governing board of any school district, County Superintendent of Schools, or an equivalent private
school entity or official, may adopt and enforce additional requirements governing transportation.
(13 CCR 1202 <b>)

Required Service in a Disaster
The Bay Area is generally a great place to work and live. No tornadoes, hurricanes, blizzards. But we do
have the occasional flood or earthquake. As per the California Government Code (sections 3100-3109),
public employees become “disaster service workers” when a disaster occurs.
When this happens, you will be required to provide service to the community in whatever way you are
directed. If you are off duty at the time a disaster occurs, you will be required to report to work
                                           immediately. As a bus driver, you probably will be especially
                                           useful during an emergency situation.
                                        It really is in your best interest to already be prepared for a
                                        disaster, ensuring you have emergency supplies and plans in
                                        place for your family, and they are prepared for this eventuality,
                                        so they know what to do and where to go. You should also be
personally ready, ensuring you’re mentally prepared, knowing what you need to do at work and how you
are going to notify your family.
You may want to carry an amount of cash with you at all times to make necessary purchases. If you do
make any purchases, especially if it is for something related to the disaster, ensure you get and keep
receipts so you can be reimbursed later.
Because every disaster is different, we cannot provide guidance on what to expect or what you’ll be
doing, where, when, etc. The District and community will appreciate your service, professionalism and
dedication.

Driving Proficiency
Motor carriers (such as SJUSD) are required to demonstrate and document that each employee is capable
of safely operating each different type of vehicle or vehicle combination (i.e., vehicles with different
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controls, gauges of different size or placement, or requiring different driving skills) before driving such
vehicle(s) on a highway unsupervised. (13 CCR 1229)

Compliance with Work Time Limits
All holders of a Commercial Driver's License (CDL) in the Transportation Department are charged with
the responsibility of complying with the law, and exercising good judgment about the maximum sixteen
hours on duty (with all employers) legal limit for a school bus driver. The California Code of
Regulations states, "The driver of a School Bus...shall not drive more than ten hours within a work
period or drive after sixteen consecutive hours have elapsed since first reporting for duty." (13 CCR
1212.5 (3)) Also, as per 13 CCR 1212.5 (b)(2), no driver shall driver after being on duty for eighty (80)
hours within any eight day period. No employee is to drive beyond these limits.
Please note that “first reporting for duty” means starting work for any employer, not just for the District.
This would be applicable if you did work for another employer before you came to work at the District.
A driver is also required to have a minimum of eight hours rest from the
end of one work period to the beginning of the next. Also note the “end of
a work period” is for all employers, including employers that you work for
after you have completed your assignments at the District.
 All CDL drivers must advise a Transportation Administrator or
Dispatcher, as far in advance as possible, if it appears that their duties for
any day will come close to, or exceed, the sixteen-hour or eighty-hour-in-
eight-days limits, or if they will not have a minimum of eight hours rest
between work periods. If a group is delayed in returning to the bus and
this delay will extend the CDL driver beyond the sixteen hours or
encroach upon the minimum eight hour rest period, they must notify
Transportation as early as possible so Dispatch can provide coverage or give other instructions. Every
effort will be made to preclude an occurrence of a CDL driver being on duty more than sixteen hours or
encroaching on their rest period. This will very likely require work schedule changes on some days.
Through the cooperation of all employees, the Transportation Department will be able to give the service
requested by our customers and still comply with the regulation regarding hours of service.
All drivers must report their actual and correct working hours on their Daily Bus and Condition Reports
(DBR's) No modifications are to be made to circumvent the law, or for any other reason. Seek direction
from a Transportation Administrator if there is any question.
If you have one or more other jobs besides working for the District, you are required to document your
time working for the other jobs. See the Hours of Service and Duty Status memo, located in the
appendix, for more information.

Licenses and Certificates
Every CDL driver shall have in his/her possession at all times while on duty, the appropriate class
driver's license with required endorsements, a school bus driver's certificate, medical certificate, First
Aid Card (if applicable), plus any other licenses, papers, endorsements or certificates as prescribed by
law and the District.
The Transportation office is required to maintain a list of all Commercial Drivers in the District. The list
includes the employee's name, license number, and expiration dates of the license, special certificate,

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medical certificate, and first aid certificate, if applicable. This information will be posted in a
conspicuous location. While every attempt will be made to remind you of upcoming expiration dates, it
is your responsibility to keep your driving documents current.
You will be notified within two months if your medical certificate is going to expire. Certificates should
be completed and filed with the DMV no later than one month before your current certificate expires.
This gives DMV and the Review Officer in Sacramento time to review your medical report for
problems. If any problems are found, this will give you time to correct them before your current medical
certificate expires.
It is the employee's responsibility to maintain these documents. The District will offer the minimum
number of inservice training hours to all bus drivers. Drivers must take advantage of these training
sessions to maintain their hours or obtain these hours on their own.

Unsafe Load – Legal Definitions
It is unlawful to operate any vehicle that is not safely loaded within legal limits. (CVC 22002)
[A] driver [driving] a vehicle transporting passengers … shall not exceed the number of safe and
adequate seating spaces, or for school buses … the number of passengers specified by the seating
capacity rating set forth in the departmental Vehicle Inspection Approval Certificate. (13 CCR 1217)

Prohibited Bus Stops
A school bus stop shall not be designated at the following locations:
      Within 200 feet of the nearest rail or any railroad crossing or grade, except at railroad stations or
       on highways that parallel the railroad tracks.
      The left-hand side of any highway. You may not drive the bus on the left side of the roadway to
       load or unload pupils. The only exception to this rule: you may turn into a parking lot located on
       the left side of a highway, load or unload pupils, turn around, and re-enter the highway.
      On a divided highway where pupils must cross the highway to board or after exiting the bus,
       unless traffic is controlled by a traffic officer or official traffic control signal. An official traffic
       signal is a light control showing red, amber, and green. A two-way or four-way stop sign is not
       an official control signal. (13 CCR 1238 <b>)

Designated Bus Stops
A school bus driver shall stop to receive or discharge pupils only at a
school bus stop designated by the school district Superintendent or
authorized by the Superintendent for school activity trips. (13 CCR 1227
<a>) See the Designated Bus Stop Clarifications memo, located in the
appendix, for more information on certain bus stop locations.
The stop orders and times are to be followed exactly as shown on the
route sheet. If there is any discrepancy between your route sheet and the actual route you would like to
follow, see a Dispatcher or Scheduler as soon as possible so that necessary corrections may be made to
the route sheets. If you feel that a time or route change would improve the service, feel free to make the
suggestion to a Dispatcher or Scheduler. Do not change a route before you receive written approval, or


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unless there is an emergency. Route changes need to be reviewed to determine their safety, effect on the
community, compliance with law and policy, and the District’s ability to deliver maximum service.
Bus stops are set by the Transportation Supervisor and may not be changed without authorization. If
parents request a change in bus stop location, relay that request to Dispatch.

Transit System Stops
The District and Valley Transit Authority have an agreement to allow school buses to stop for the
loading and unloading of passengers in the spaces designated for the loading or unloading of passengers
of the transit system. (Reference: CVC 22500.5)

Idling at Schools and Bus Stops
State law now requires school buses to minimize the amount of time spent
idling. Buses must be shut down when loading, unloading, or otherwise
stopped or within 100 feet of a school site. This includes stops at or near
school sites like: 18th & William, Allen, Anne Darling, Cory, Firefly &
Redmond, Gardner, Grant, Gunderson, Hester, Lincoln & Minnesota, San
Jose High, Simonds, Terrell, Trace, Virginia & Willis, Washington,
Williams.
Idling at other stops or locations is also limited. These laws are meant to
reduce the exposure of students, the public and the environment to toxic
fumes and particulate matter. See the handout, School Bus Idling Control
Measure, located in the appendix, for more information.

Pupil Discipline Regulations and Policy
The law says:
Pupils transported in a school bus shall be under the authority of, and responsible directly to, the driver
of the bus, and the driver shall be held responsible for the orderly conduct of the pupils while they are on
the bus or being escorted across a street or highway. Continued disorderly conduct or persistent refusal
to submit to the authority of the driver shall be sufficient reason for a pupil to be denied transportation.
The school district governing board of trustees shall adopt rules and regulations to enforce this
provision. (5 CCR 14103)
The driver of a school bus shall not eject any school pupil unless the pupil is given into the custody of a
parent or any person designated by the parent or school. (13 CCR 1217)
The governing board of any school district, County Superintendent of Schools, or equivalent private
school entity or official, may adopt and enforce additional requirements governing the transportation of
pupils. Such requirements shall not conflict with any law or state regulation. (13 CCR 1202)
To comply with these regulations, the District has established specific guidelines for pupil conduct on a
school bus and specific procedures to enforce those guidelines. At the start of each school year, the
district makes a "STUDENT AND PARENT INFORMATION HANDBOOK" available to all families.
In the handbook is a list of expectations for appropriate conduct at bus stops and on the bus. Also
included are the CONSEQUENCES OF MISBEHAVIOR. The basis for these rules comes from the
Board of Education.


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Please note, the final decision to issue a Bus Conduct Report to a student which has been written by a
driver is subject to review by a Transportation Administrator. The decision to discipline and/or suspend
a student's bus riding privilege is made by school principal or his/her designee.




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Section 7 - Drivers and Dispatch
Reporting for Duty, Calling Off
All drivers are to report for their regular driving duties at the time specified by the Transportation
Supervisor. If you cannot come to work, say if you become sick, you are required to notify the
Transportation Department as soon as possible, but no later than 5:00 A.M. on the date of absence.
When you are going to be absent from work, please call Dispatch at 535-6182 and leave a message.
For absences during the day, you must notify Dispatch at least one hour before the check-in time for that
assignment.
If you called off for the afternoon or the entire day, you must call Dispatch by 5:00 P.M. to let them
know if you will be returning the next work day so they can plan coverage for the following day. If you
do not call to say you are returning, dispatch will assume you are not returning; and your route will be
covered until you call to let dispatch know your time and date of return.
In addition to calling Dispatch to inform them of your absence, you must also call the District Absence
recorder at 535-6524, or online at emp.sjusd.org, to register your absence with Human Resources.
Use discretion when you are considering reporting to work while still ill. Your coworkers and the
students on your bus would appreciate it if you did not expose them to possibly infectious illnesses.

Clocking in
In the morning, you should check in with dispatch in person at or before your clock in time. For your
midday and/or PM routes you can check in with dispatch either in person or call ’10-8’ via the radio.
You should always be on time when clocking in. Your clock in times were designed to give you enough
time to check out your bus, get to your stop and/or school on time, etc. If you are not here on time then
you won’t have enough time and service and safety may suffer.
See the Scheduler or Administrator if you feel your clock times need to be adjusted.
When checking in, compare your watch to the clock in dispatch. Adjust your watch
to match the dispatch clock as this is “Transportation Time” and our responses to
you and to the public are based on this time. The department can support you better
in disputes with parents if the time on your watch matches the time in dispatch.

Arriving Late
Driving a school bus is an integral part of the learning process for students. Our
buses transport students from bus stops to the student’s school where they can learn
and become responsible citizens. It is very important that we get the students to
school on time for class. Many students also rely on the breakfast program at our schools to get energy to
be able to learn so it is also important that we arrive at school in time for the students to eat.
We are also a safety-driven industry. School bus drivers pride themselves on being a part of the safest
form of transportation in the world. And ensuring we check out our buses completely and thoroughly
helps us maintain these high standards.


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If you arrive late to work then you are running the risk of compromising our responsibilities. Arriving
late means you won’t have sufficient time to check out your bus. Arriving late may also mean you may
be late in dropping the students off at their school. If students are late to school then they may not get an
opportunity to have breakfast. The students will get then into class late interrupting the class that is
already in session and reducing the students’ ability to learn.
Because of these responsibilities we have to the students, this department has set up some strict
standards for the on-time performance of all drivers. This policy, Seven Minute Rule, is located in the
appendix.

Standby
When on standby, you must be immediately available to dispatch for the entire time you are on the clock.
You can wait in the Driver’s Ready Room or in your bus with the 2-way radio turned on and volume
adjusted so you can easily hear if you are being called. Other arrangements may also be made daily with
dispatch, but only with their express consent.

Non-Driving Duties
The time on duty when not driving will be spent doing a variety of tasks; i.e., washing, waxing and
cleaning buses to maintain a positive image of the Transportation Department, completing paperwork,
cleaning the interior of buses, washing, waxing and/or cleaning other buses, or other assignments
consistent with the job description. Check with a dispatcher to see if they have any work for you to do
first.

Breaks
Time for breaks has been built into your route. Sometimes you can take
a break in between runs. But other times, your runs are just too tight. In
these cases you should take your break at the beginning or end of your
shift.
At no time should you take a break in between runs that would cause
you to run late for your next assignment. Write the time you take your
breaks on your DBR. See the Scheduler or an Administrator if you feel
your clock times need to be adjusted.

Working extra
Extra work is typically assigned to you in advance. If you work beyond your regular hours, be sure to
note on your DBR why. For field trips, continue to use the Field Trips section on the DBR to document
this time. But if, for example, you get some extra time because you had a problem on, or with, your bus,
be sure to note this in the Notes/Comments section on your DBR.
Your route was designed to accomplish your assigned work within your 8 hours. You must see the
Scheduler or an Administrator to adjust your clock times and/or route if you find you consistently go
over hours on the home-to-school portion of your route.




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Cover Drivers
The first responsibility of a cover driver is to drive the route of an employee who is not at work or has
been given another assignment. When covering a route, you should assume the hours and duties of that
route, or the hours that are assigned to you by dispatch. If the assigned route is fewer hours than the
cover driver's hours, or if you do not have an assignment, you should spend the extra time cleaning buses
or performing other duties assigned by dispatch to make up the time difference.

Assignment of Keys
Keys for buses are available to operate each bus and are located on the Key Board in Dispatch. You
should pick up your bus keys from Dispatch at the start of each daily assignment and return them to
Dispatch at the end of each day.
You are not permitted to duplicate keys for their buses except with the express written permission of a
Transportation Administrator.
You are also required to turn in your keys at the end of your shift. Do not leave them in the bus (a
security hazard) or take them home (they are not your property).
                   If you need a spare bus for any reason, see a Dispatcher to check out a key for another
                   bus that is available, and for which you are proficient in.
                     Every driver has been assigned a key to the Corporation Yard gate and Drivers'
                     Room. You are responsible for the key and for having it with you whenever you are
                     on duty. If a bus or Corporation Yard key is lost, the employee last assigned that key
will be required to submit a written report stating the facts about the loss. This could be a cause for
disciplinary action.
Assigned keys shall not be duplicated, loaned, and/or used by anyone other than the person to whom
they are issued unless authorized by the Transportation Supervisor. The keys shall be used only by the
employee in his/her official capacity as a San Jose Unified School District representative. All employees,
individually and collectively, are responsible for keys assigned to them.

Two-Way Radio Communications
All of our buses are equipped with two-way radios. How you use these radios is very important. We are
fortunate to have the privilege of being allowed to use the airways to operate our buses more efficiently.
We must, however, ensure that we use the radios according to FCC regulations. The FCC has assigned
the call sign KWK 820 for our radio station.
The radio shall be used for District business purposes only.
It is not to be used to tell another employee what you want him to pick up for your lunch, or to discuss
other personal business. Remember, the FCC as well as other departments in the district can and do
monitor our transmissions.
Not only is it important to avoid non-business communications, but drivers should also work to make
their business as brief as possible. Use the ten codes on the provided code card. If you need a card, see
a dispatcher or trainer. Set your watch before you leave the yard to avoid unnecessary time checks. If
you have something to say which will take some time, try to get to a telephone and call the office. If you


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have sensitive information, do not discuss it on the radio if possible. Also, consider if the situation can
be dealt with when you return to the yard.
Even the best of radios is of no value if it is not turned on with the volume at an audible level. When
you start your bus in the morning, TURN ON YOUR RADIO AND ADJUST THE VOLUME
CONTROL. It is very frustrating for others who are trying to reach you when your radio is off or turned
down. When you return to the yard to park your bus, turn your two-way radio off.
Write any radio malfunctions on your daily bus report. Also ensure the Dispatch Office is immediately
aware of the problem, and written on the board, so that repairs can be ordered.
Basic two-way radio operating procedures:
      Turn on/off switch in the ON position.
      Before using the radio, make sure you don't hear anyone else transmitting. You should avoid
       breaking into someone else's transmission unless it is an emergency. In an emergency, ask for a
       "BREAK" in their conversation.
      When you are ready to transmit, push in the button on the microphone and hold it in for a second
       or two before you start speaking. This gives the repeater time to recognize your call and you will
       be less likely to “cut yourself off”. Hold the button down for the entire time you are speaking. As
       soon as you are finished speaking, release the button otherwise no one will be able to respond to
       you. Please hold the microphone directly in front of you, about four or five (4-5) inches from
       your mouth. Speak slowly and distinctly; otherwise your transmission will be garbled.
      When you have finished your transmission, you must sign off; such as "Route 2, clear”, “Over”,
       “10-4”, etc.
      Be alert and listen to all of our transmissions while you are in your bus. Even though you are not
       being called, you may be able to be of assistance or hear information that could affect your route.
      If an accident has occurred involving one of our vehicles, please restrict radio communications to
       clear the air enabling transmission of accident information.

Routes and Schedules
Before the start of each school year, routes will be
chosen by each driver during the Selection process.
These routes, plus stopping points and time schedules,
will be listed on a route sheet. Clock times for each
route will also be available in a variety of formats. See
the section, Selection, Bid of Daily Bus Routes and
Buses, Open Positions in the section titled San Jose
Unified School District Policies and Procedures for
more information.
Schedules and routing are to be followed exactly as shown on the route sheet. Bus stops must only be
made at the location designated in the stop description; do not make any “sweetheart” stops. If there is
any discrepancy between your route sheet and the actual route you follow, see a Dispatcher or Scheduler
as soon as possible so that necessary corrections may be made. Do not change a route before you receive
written approval from Dispatch, unless it is cleared daily through dispatch.

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If you feel that a time or route change would improve service, feel free to make the suggestion to the
Scheduler or a Dispatcher. Route changes need to be reviewed to determine their safety, effect on the
community and ability to deliver the best level of service possible with the resources we have. Drivers
must ensure Dispatch has an accurate copy of their route at all times.
Whenever possible, drivers should not arrive early at a bus stop and wait for students, especially where
students cross the street to get to the bus. If you are running early for your first pick-up, find a safe place
close by, but out of sight of the stop, park and wait until a minute or two before the scheduled departure
time to be at the stop. NEVER LEAVE A SCHOOL OR A BUS STOP EARLIER THAN THE STOP
TIME LISTED ON THE ROUTE SHEETS. This is especially important when dropping off elementary
students as parents or guardians may be meeting the student. School and bus stop arrival and departure
times MUST be strictly adhered to. Drivers are to wait at least seven minutes after the dismissal bell
rings at school before leaving the bus zone. Route changes should be submitted in writing to Dispatch
or to the Scheduler.
No unscheduled stop shall be made on your route unless absolutely necessary and only with a
dispatcher's approval. If it does become necessary for you to stop, do not park on private property.

Dead Stops
During the regular school year, we usually allow two weeks before a dead stop is removed from a route.
We will continue to do this but will add an additional step. There are instances where the child may be
ill for an extended period of time, someone is temporarily transporting the student due to special
circumstances or the family has not received information about their bus stop that we need to take into
consideration.
To ensure we don’t remove a stop that is legitimately needed, we will now start calling the family three
(3) school days before we take the stop off route. If you have a dead stop:
      Let a dispatcher or the scheduler know on the seventh (7) school day that the stop has been dead.
       We will queue the student to receive an automated call via ParentLink, informing the family the
       stop will be removed from the route in three school days unless the student appears at the stop
       within those three days.
      If a student still has not appeared by day 10, let the dispatcher or scheduler know (in writing) and
       the stop will be removed from the route.
However, a call from, and promise, from a parent that they will use the stop
is not sufficient. The student must use the stop or the stop will be removed.

Route Changes
When a change is made to your route, you often will receive notification
sheets to give to your students. It is important that the notification letters be
distributed to the affected students. If you feel the information is incorrect, see a dispatcher or scheduler
immediately to get the schedule corrected. But still pass out the notifies as this schedule will be in effect
until the changes are made, and to reinforce the message the parents should be getting from ParentLink.
To help ensure the family receives the changed information, the families are notified via ParentLink of
the change in their route, as well having a new bus pass sent to them in certain instances. ParentLink is
not a replacement for the notification sheets, but a tool to help get our message out. Sometimes the
family will get the ParentLink message if the letter doesn’t make it home and vice versa.
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Section 8 - Driver Training
The goal of the District and the Driver Trainers is to produce SAFE AND COMPETENT School Bus
Drivers. Therefore, the Training Department’s goal is to train employees to meet or exceed the
minimum classroom, inservice, and behind the wheel skills and regulations as set forth by the
Department of Education. (13 CCR 1204)
The District will work to offer inservice training for all certified school bus drivers in our District. It is
up to you to attend the scheduled inservice and safety meetings, and is your responsibility to maintain the
minimum number of inservice training hours required each year.
It is also the driver’s responsibility to maintain a clean driving and criminal record (CVC 13369, 13370,
13371, 13376) and a valid medical certificate (49 CFR 391.41, CVC 12517.2).

Renewal of Driving Documents
The Transportation Department will assist all bus drivers with the maintenance and renewal of all
necessary driving documents, to the extent required by law. The following guidelines have been
established for regular permanent employees.
Regular classroom and behind the wheel training will be scheduled whenever possible during normal
business hours and permanent employees will be in a paid status during the training. Employees who do
not attend the classroom training offered by the District are responsible for obtaining the training on their
own time and at their own expense.
The following tests are to be completed on the employee's time:
      Written tests for drivers licenses
The following tests can be completed in paid status:
      Medical examinations
      First Aid classes
      Written tests for special certificates - Employees will be
       released no earlier than 8:00 AM on test days. Drivers are
       expected to report for duty at their regularly- assigned time on
       test day and to drive as much of their regular assignment as
       possible.
      CHP drive tests – These will be scheduled during normal
       business hours and employees will be in a paid status during the testing and until released by the
       testing official.
With the exception of necessary medical examinations, fees required by outside agencies and/or
departments (i.e. CHP, DMV, Red Cross), are the responsibility of the employee. Employees are
strongly encouraged to use the district-designated medical provider at no cost to the employee.
Employees who choose to use another medical provider will be reimbursed at a rate not to exceed that of
the district-designated medical provider for medical examinations.



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Bus Driver Certification Responsibilities
      Maintain a clean driving and criminal record. (13369 CVC and 13 CCR 1208)
      Maintain a current and valid medical examination (DL-51) (13 CCR 1205)
      Maintain a valid commercial driver's license of the appropriate class and endorsement. (12517
       CVC)
      Maintain a valid school bus driver's certificate. (12517 CVC)
                                                 Maintain a valid first aid certificate dated within three
                                                  years, if applicable. (12522 CVC)
                                                 Maintain the required number of inservice training
                                                  hours. (40085 EC)
                                                 Maintain the minimum driving skills to pass the CHP
                                                  driving test in a transit bus equipped with a dual air
                                                  brake system pursuant to district policy.
                                                 Maintain the minimum driving skills necessary to
                                                  demonstrate proficiency in the required district school
                                                  buses. (13 CCR 1234 & 1229)

Driver Trainer Responsibilities
      Provide and maintain sufficient instruction to satisfactorily conduct the training program.
       (40082, 40084.5, 40087, 40088, 40089 CEC)
      Maintain the drivers training records. (13 CCR 1234, 40087 EC)
      Provide original classroom training. (13 CCR 1204, 40082 EC)
      Provide renewal classroom training. (13 CCR 1204, 40085 EC)
      Provide inservice training at regular safety meetings and inservice or staff development days.
      Provide original behind the wheel training pursuant to the Instructor's Behind The Wheel (BTW)
       Guide in California's Bus Drivers' Training Course.
      Provide proficiency training for all district school buses, as required, pursuant to the Instructor's
       BTW Guide in California's Bus Drivers Training Course. (13 CCR 1234, 13 CCR 1229)
      Provide field trip training as required. (13 CCR 1202 & 1229 and district policy)
      Provide school bus first aid book as required. (12522 CVC)




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Section 9 - Driving
Time Awareness
In order to maintain schedules and record accurate information on your DBR and trip tickets, you must
have a reliable watch, or other timepiece that is easily visible, with you at all times when on duty. An
inaccurate watch, or not having an accurate timepiece, is not an excuse for not running on time or for
errors on DBRs or trip tickets. Verify your timepiece has the same time as dispatch when you report for
duty each morning.

Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection
Prior to operation, the driver shall inspect each
vehicle daily to ascertain that it is in safe condition,
it is equipped as required by all provisions of law,
and all equipment is in good working order. (13
CCR 1215) Any defects discovered during a Pre-
Trip Inspection or throughout the day, must be
documented on the Daily Bus and Condition Report
until the defect is repaired or corrected. Contact a
trainer for more information on conducting a proper
Pre-Trip inspection.
To comply with the 1987 Clean Water Act, the
District is required to reduce or eliminate pollutants
from running into the storm drains when it rains.
During your pre-trip, carefully inspect the ground under your vehicle to ensure your bus is not leaking
any fluids other than clear water. If you notice any leaks or spills, notify the shop immediately.

Driver’s Vision
The driver shall not allow any person [or object] to occupy a position that will interfere with the driver's
vision to the front or sides, in the rear view mirrors. (13 CCR 1223)

Headlights
Headlights shall be on at all times while the bus is in motion. (13 CCR 1225)

Leaving the Driver’s Compartment
When a pupil is aboard, the driver shall not leave the driver's compartment without first stopping the
engine, effectively setting the parking brake, placing the transmission in first or reverse gear or park
position, and removing the ignition keys, which shall remain in the driver's possession. (13 CCR 1226)

Bus Parking and Security
When off the clock, all drivers are to park their buses in the assigned stalls in the bus yard. All safety
precautions must be closely observed while entering, leaving or driving in the Transportation Yard. Be

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extra cautious of personal and delivery vehicles going to and from the Culinary Center. The speed limit
in the yard is ten (10) miles per hour. When backing up in the Transportation Yard, always sound your
horn, turn on your four-way flashers and use extreme caution. Be aware of hazardous objects.
When away from the yard, all school buses shall be parked either at schools or at authorized bus parking
locations. Parking or stopping at private homes or at any other location between runs is not permitted
unless authorized in advance by a Transportation Administrator or Dispatcher.
All drivers are to remain with their buses when they are on a field trip or athletic trip with any group. If
it is necessary for the drivers to leave their bus for a brief period for personal reasons, they are to
ascertain from the teacher in charge that it is OK to leave and to confirm the departure time of the group.
When on mid-day or evening extra-curricular trips, secure your bus with the entrance door closed
whenever you leave it parked at any location. If a lock is available for the bus, use it. When you return
to your bus, walk around the bus looking for anything unusual, broken or leaking. Then walk the interior
of the bus to ensure no one snuck on while you were out, and to look for anything unusual or out of
place.
If there is personal or District property is left on the bus, you must remain with the bus until your group
returns to protect their property.
                                                 At the end of each work day, every bus driver SHALL
                                                 close all bus windows and doors, sweep the floor and
                                                 empty the waste can.
                                                 When closing the windows on buses, please remember to
                                                 close them from the inside using the manufactured
                                                 window grips. This will prevent window, frame and/or
                                                 sash damage. Do not close the windows from the outside,
                                                 using a broom, hand-held stop sign, squeegee, or any other
                                                 object.
The Corporation yard gates and buildings will be open during regular operating hours. If you report for
work after regular hours, on weekends, or holidays, etc., the gates and buildings will probably be locked
unless someone is staffing Central Station. If the building and yard is locked, it is your responsibility to
see that they are locked upon your departure, even when you believe that another employee will be
coming in shortly or you "will be right back." Take the time to make sure that our yard is safe for all
employees.

Checking the Interior of the Bus
Each driver, at the last stop of every run or trip, shall get out of their seat and check the interior of their
bus. This is to look for lost property and to ensure there are no “sleepers”.
Students often notice they are missing their property soon after disembarking from the bus. Finding and
holding onto the lost article will speed things along when dispatch calls to ask if you have the item. It
also helps to ensure it is not taken by another student on a subsequent run.
It is extremely important to check the bus after every run, for students of all ages, to ensure no students
have fallen asleep and are still on the bus. If a driver does not check their bus after a run, and a student is
left unattended on the bus when they should have disembarked at their stop or school, the driver would
be subject to immediate disciplinary action in accordance with article 16130 of the bargaining agreement
between AFSCME and the District.
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Backing your Bus
As the driver, you are always responsible for the safe operation of your bus. Only when absolutely
necessary should a bus be backed in at a school or in an area near students. If the bus must be backed and
the bus is empty, the driver should go to the rear of the bus to see and ensure that all is clear before
moving the bus.
If students are aboard the bus, ask another driver or instruct an adult to guide you as you back the vehicle
slowly, using extreme caution. Use the weave method, whenever possible, to make the best use of your
mirrors. If the bus must be backed to turn around, back into the least traveled road. Always pick up
your passengers before making a backing movement, or make the backing movement before unloading
passengers.
NEVER BACK A BUS AT OR NEAR SCHOOL UNLESS THERE IS A RESPONSIBLE ADULT
PRESENT AT THE REAR OF THE BUS TO DIRECT YOU. PRIOR TO BACKING, EMPLOYEES
SHOULD ALWAYS SOUND THE HORN, ACTIVATE THE HAZARD LIGHTS AND PERFORM A
5-COUNT MIRROR CHECK.
"DO NOT BACK UP UNLESS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY"

Tips for Operating Your Vehicle
      Be alert to overhead and side hazards such as projections, tree limbs and shrubbery. Report such
       hazards to an Administrator using the "Bus Drivers' Safety Problem Form."
      Be especially careful to keep tires from coming into contact with curbs and abutments to prevent
       tire, wheel and/or suspension damage.
      Drivers must not use any vehicle other than the one assigned to them. Exception: If during an
       evening, weekend, or holiday trip your assigned bus cannot be used because of a defect, use the
       designated spare bus. If you have any questions, check with a Dispatcher or an Administrator.
      The Department recommends that windows should not to be lowered further than half way down,
       OR three notches, when student(s) are aboard. This is to discourage students from leaning out
       windows or throwing objects from the bus.
      Exercise good judgment to help reduce risk. Your ability to comply with law, policy and training
       techniques will, in most instances, prevent accidents.
      Do not force the right-of-way. It’s much better to be safe than risk an accident.
      Do not start a bus or release the brake while parked unless you are satisfied that no one is
       working, hiding, playing, etc., under the bus. Always perform a 5-count Mirror Check before
       moving the bus.
      Buses are to follow the designated lane use laws. 21655 VC,
       22348 VC.

Safety in Congested Areas
When there is a concentration of buses at one location, the two-way
radio should be monitored at all times. This will help you maintain an
awareness of what is going on and what other drivers are doing. It will

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be worthwhile especially if an accident is prevented because someone was monitoring the radio and
could provide guidance to another driver.
You should also remain with your bus in case you need to move the bus and/or provide assistance to
another driver. If you must leave your bus, inform dispatch and the drivers around you, and return to
your bus as soon as possible; do not dawdle.

Fueling
All drivers must not leave the yard without at least a half tank of
fuel. All drivers are responsible to see that their bus is returned
to its stall, left with a full tank of fuel, swept, trash emptied,
dash and driver’s area cleared, and windows/roof hatches/door
closed. While fueling the bus, the employee must remain within
easy reach of the fuel hose nozzle to prevent spillage or other
problems encountered when fueling. There are no exceptions to
this rule. Any fuel spilled on the ground must be reported to the
shop or an Administrator and cleaned up by the driver.
Employees are responsible for ensuring they have the proper amounts of fuel, oil and water in their
assigned buses. When using a bus other than your regularly-assigned bus, the bus shall be left with a full
tank of fuel, swept and the trash can emptied.
For CNG buses, see the CNG Fueling Station and Safety Procedures memo located in the appendix for
more information. For diesel buses, see the XXX memo located in the appendix for more information.

Mechanical Considerations

Brakes
Brakes are the most vital working part of a school bus or any motor vehicle. You really must have a
good working knowledge of the type of brakes you are operating, including how they operate, how they
should be maintained, and how they should be checked out. The difference between correct and
improper use of brakes can make as much as 50% difference in effectiveness and brake lining life.
One of the most common errors is "over braking." This means that the brake pedal is depressed too far
or too long for the amount of braking required. Plan your stops ahead so that extreme braking is
unnecessary. As your bus slows down, feather back slightly so the stop is smooth. This makes a better
ride for your passengers and eliminates strain on the suspension system.
For long downgrades, periodic, somewhat firm application of the brakes, along with correct gear
selection, gives the most effective braking and generates the least amount of heat and brake fade.
Contact a trainer for more information on how to use your brakes effectively.

Instruments and Gauges
The only way to be constantly aware of the conditions within the engine and braking system is to train
yourself to check the instrument panel regularly as part of your scan. Any variations from normal values
should be investigated immediately. Failure to include the gauges on your regular scan could mean the
loss of the engine and/or air pressure, with a serious accident as a result. Loss of oil pressure or high
engine temperature can destroy an engine in a matter of seconds, severely limiting your options due to a

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loss of engine power, locked brakes and/or power to controls (such as power steering.) Avoid
catastrophic situations like these by constantly monitoring all gauges and instruments.

Automatic Transmissions
An automatic transmission may be allowed to shift on its own
(automatically), or it may be shifted manually by the driver’s selecting
and controlling each gear range as needed. Preselection (manual shifting)
means selection of a range to match driving conditions. Preselection
allows for better control when driving at less than freeway speeds, on
slick or icy roads and up/down hills. Downshifting to a lower range also
increases engine braking. The selection of the proper gear range when
running at less than freeway speeds will prevent the transmission from
cycling, or hunting, for the proper gear range. This will provide a smoother ride and prolong the life of
the transmission and drive train components. For more information, see a Trainer.

Shut-Down Procedure (Non-Emergency)
Except for a momentary stop at a bus stop or school, allow your engine to idle for two minutes before
shutting down. After extended operation under heavy load, allow your engine to idle three to five
minutes before shutdown. This procedure allows internal temperatures to equalize to prevent boil-over
and/or damage to the turbocharger.

Daily Reports and Repairs
Each driver is assigned to a bus and is responsible to see that it is clean and in safe operating condition
each day. Any defect in any required equipment, that renders the bus inoperable or qualifies the driver
subject to hazardous duty pay, shall be reported immediately in writing on the DAILY BUS REPORT
and submitted to mechanic and/or to dispatch. The bus should not be driven until this condition has
been checked and corrected by a mechanic.
Daily Bus Report: At the completion of the driver's work or tour of duty, each driver shall submit a
daily documented report to the employer indicating the condition of the vehicle and recommending any
repairs deemed necessary. Whether discovered by or reported to the driver, all vehicle defects and/or
deficiencies likely to affect safe operation or cause mechanical breakdown of the vehicle shall be listed,
and a negative report shall indicate that no such conditions are present.
Daily Driver Time Record: At the completion of your work or tour of duty, you are required to submit
a daily report to the employer detailing the hours worked during the tour of duty.
Repairs: Unless the driver of a school bus is the mechanic charged with the care and maintenance of
the bus, the driver shall not make any repairs on the bus or its equipment, except for necessary
emergency repairs on the road.

Rotational Unloading of Students
Federal and State regulations require that all passengers on school buses participate in emergency
evacuation drills. The key to safely evacuating students is their orderly exit from the bus following our
pre-planned method. By having a regular procedure for exiting the bus from the main door that all


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passengers follow daily, they can easily follow the same procedures under emergency conditions,
reducing confusion and delay.
All drivers are strongly encouraged to establish and use the following unloading procedure. Explain the
unloading procedure to the pupils and to the teachers on extra trips, and closely supervise the operation.
If done regularly, the procedure becomes an automatic daily action for your students, easing your daily
work load and enhancing safety significantly in an emergency situation.
      For routine unloading at schools or other final destinations, the driver should be standing in an
       appropriate position to maintain control of the unloading process.
      The bus should be unloaded from front to back.
      Pupils should remain seated until directed to stand or when the aisle is open enough after the row
       ahead of them is out of their seats and on the way down the aisle.
After all pupils are off the bus, the driver will check the bus after EACH RUN for damage, lost articles,
sleeping children, etc. See the section, Checking the Interior of the Bus, in the section titled Driving for
more information.

Do Not Drive Streets, Designated Routes
The bus stops that the big buses use when transporting students have been
designed to keep the buses out on the main thoroughfares as much as
possible. However, there are areas in the District where it is not
recommended for our buses to travel, or where we have agreements with
neighborhoods and/or the city to travel only on certain streets, avoiding
others.
It is important to ensure you stay only on the main roads wherever possible,
avoiding our No-Travel streets, and using Designated Routes through
certain neighborhoods when you have to go a certain way. The driver
directions that are provided to you from the Edulog computer system do
have this information built in and you can use this resource to aid you in
getting from point A to point B.
Refer to the Do Not Drive Streets, Designated Routes memo, located in the Appendix, for more
information.




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Section 10 - Safety
 Preventing Accidents
 In any discussion of accidents, “prevention” is the key word. Compliance with all laws and regulations
 of vehicle operation, plus the knowledge and application of the practices of DEFENSIVE DRIVING will
 eliminate the causes of most accidents.

 Defensive Driving
 Your responsibility as a professional school bus driver places with you a special obligation to be the
 poster child of defensive driving, to have your picture in the dictionary next to the term. Defensive
 driving is operating a motor vehicle at all times in such a way that you will react properly to avoid an
 accident. A defensive driver continually keeps on the alert, recognizing a potential accident-producing
 situation far enough in advance to take preventive action, conceding the right-of-way when necessary.
 Every driver must learn and practice the art of Defensive Driving so we can maintain and improve our
 personal and departmental safety records. Our question should not be "Who was at fault?" Rather, we
 should ask ourselves "Did I do everything I reasonably could have done to avoid the accident?" Some
 things may be out of our control, but as professional drivers, we have knowledge, skills and training
 available to us that enable us to avoid many accident-causing situations.
 The responsibility to drive defensively goes beyond a driver’s accountability from a strictly legal
 standpoint. Even though you may not have been cited, or assigned a portion of fault, for an accident,
 being a professional school bus driver obligates us to be held to higher standards. When reviewing an
 accident, the Accident Review Committee will base a portion of their decision of whether an accident
 was preventable based on overall preventability, and not on a specific violation of traffic laws.

 Speed
 Drivers must operate their vehicles at a speed no faster than is safe for conditions. While on a highway
 where the speed limit is 55 MPH or faster, no person shall drive a schoolbus transporting any school
 pupil on a highway at a speed in excess of 55 mph (22406 (VC). In addition, District policy states a
 driver shall follow this vehicle code at all times, whether a pupil is aboard or not.

 Railroad Crossing Policy
       The District requires that employees stop at ALL uncontrolled railroad
        crossings with or without passengers aboard. (DISTRICT POLICY)
       All school buses shall stop not less than fifteen (15) nor more than fifty
        (50) feet from the nearest track. Be careful to avoid other hazards
        especially if the crossing is in the middle of an intersection. Contact a
        trainer for assistance on how to deal with special situations.
       All employees shall signal their approach and stop the school bus
        parallel to, and as close as, practical to the appropriate edge of the highway.



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      All employees will turn off any noise producing items such as AM/FM Radios and fully open the
       entrance door.
      All employees will listen and look to insure that the tracks are clear of an approaching train, and
       proceed only when tracks are safe to cross and the entrance door is closed.
      Upon proceeding across the tracks, the gears shall not be shifted manually until the bus is clear of
       tracks.
See the Railroad and Trolley Crossing Clarification memo, located in the appendix, for more
information on railroad crossings, exemptions, etc.

Weather Conditions Affecting Safe Operation of Buses

Inclement Weather (Reference: CVC 34501.6)
When inclement weather reduces visibility to two hundred feet or less in the morning within the San
Jose Unified School District, school bus service will be delayed until visibility has improved to more
than two hundred feet. The decision to delay home-to-school bus service will be made by the
Superintendent or his/her designee. Unless this condition continues through the school day, afternoon
routes will operate on the regular schedule.
Schools are expected to open on time in situations like these. Students who walk or have their own
transportation to school should plan on going to school at their normal time.
Should inclement weather reduce visibility to a point that a bus driver determines it to be unsafe to
continue operation of the school bus, the bus driver has discretionary authority to discontinue service. If
you stop the bus due to poor visibility, you must:
      Ensure that the school bus is parked in a safe location and
       completely off the roadway.
           o If safely possible, move the bus away from the bus stop.
             This will help keep students on the bus. Once a student
             boards the bus, DO NOT allow them to get off the bus to
             return home.
      Secure the bus and turn OFF all exterior lights so approaching vehicles do not think you are still
       on the roadway, think they should try to follow you and end up crashing into the back of your
       bus.
      Inform Dispatch of your exact location and what the situation is via the two-way radio.
      When visibility improves, notify Dispatch when proceeding back on route.
      Out of town trips will be reviewed and, if needed, delayed until conditions improve. Out of town
       field or athletic trips may be canceled by the Superintendent or his/her designee due to these
       conditions.
      You should also follow these procedures while on a field or athletic trip. If Dispatch is
       unavailable via the two-way radio, you are obligated to assess the situation and use your best
       professional judgment. At the first opportunity, contact a Transportation Administrator via
       telephone.

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Wet Pavement
Many “civilian” drivers forget to change their driving habits when driving on wet pavement. These
drivers are dangerous to themselves, and to you. Traction is poor on wet roads, and it can easily require
twice the distance to stop on wet roads than it does on dry roads. There is also a much greater possibility
of skidding because of the reduced traction and the relative ease with which brakes can lock, or tires can
spin. Pump your brakes to avoid a skid. You should also double your normal "following" distance to
allow ample room to stop and watch the people crash ahead of you while not being involved. Use the
right lane to avoid potential "head-on collisions."
Remember, roads are the most slippery just after it starts to rain. The water, combined with accumulated
oils on the road, makes the road surface as slippery as ice, until the rain washes the film away..
Hydroplaning is caused when the a vehicle’s speed is so fast that it’s tires are longer in contact with the
pavement and is skimming through the water. This results in complete loss of control of the vehicle. To
avoid "hydroplaning," avoid high speeds when the road is covered with water.

Wet Brakes
Braking efficiency can be severely diminished if you go through deep puddles or flooded streets. Don't
wait until you need them, check your brakes immediately! If they fail to work properly, apply the brake
and the accelerator at the same time, moving ahead slowly until the squeeze effect and heat build-up dry
them out sufficiently and they operate normally.

Loading and Unloading Procedures

The Danger Zone
The danger zone, as shown in the graphic below, extends 12 feet around the bus. The most dangerous
areas around the bus are in front of the bus and in the area near the rear wheels.




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Load and unload students only at bus stop locations designated by the Transportation Department.
Student loading zones should be on the extreme right side of the highway where visibility is at a
maximum. Students should wait at a place you specifically designate. This spot should be at least 12 feet
from the edge of the highway at the approved bus stop, and it should be used throughout the school year.
Tell students to arrive five (5) minutes prior to the scheduled stop time. Students and driver both share
the responsibility of maintaining the bus schedule.

Approaching the Bus Stop
1. When approaching the designated stop, start slowing down in preparation for the stop.
2. Always watch for late-arriving students who may be running to the bus stop.
3. When the bus stop is 200 feet away, activate the amber warning lights of the school bus (if equipped)
to warn other vehicles. Activate your turn signal and brake gradually while approaching the stop.
4. Check all mirrors to see that traffic is clear and that it is safe for you to stop.
5. Approach students with extreme care. When stopped, the bus should not be any closer than 12 feet
from the students so they are out of the Danger Zone.
To help students maintain the minimum distance away from the bus and to stay out of the Danger Zone,
require students to stand at least 12 feet from the edge of the road. When the road surface is hazardous
(e.g., slippery, rough), give the students extra space and safety by aiming for a point before your normal
stopping point, as much as 20 feet, and ease the bus carefully to the stop. Instruct students to always wait
a safe distance from the flow of traffic, especially during inclement weather.
If you notice the students are less than 12 feet from the curb, stop before where they are waiting to
maintain the minimum safe distance between the bus and the students. Then instruct them where they
should start waiting for the bus from now on.

Stop and Load
6. Come to a full stop.
7. Always place transmission in neutral.
8. Set the parking brake correctly; check it again to be sure.
9. Activate the flashing red lights and side stop arm (if equipped) and open the
front door when it is safe to load.
10. Instruct students not to move toward the bus until the bus stops and the door opens.

Driver Responsibility at Bus Stops
When does the driver's supervision start and stop as far as the students' safety is concerned? It starts as
the school bus approaches a bus stop, during a loading and unloading procedure, and after the bus leaves
the stop and the stop is still in easily in view.
To better define it, the driver's supervision starts approximately at a point where the driver can recognize
a pupil as the bus approaches or leaves a bus stop. If a driver, while at the bus stop, observes a pupil
doing something wrong: (e.g., destroying property, playing in the roadway, running across the roadway
to the bus), the driver, for safety of the pupil, should take action to correct the situation. The driver

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should also report the problem to an administrator. While the bus is stopped to load or unload, the
pupils are the direct responsibility of the driver.

Bus Stop Safety
Every effort has been made to establish bus stops in the safest locations available. Review all bus stops
on your route to make sure they have been placed in the safest possible locations and that the stop meets
legal requirements. Every bus driver must promptly check to ensure their route sheets are updated to
indicate correct bus stop locations, red-light crossings and driver directions.
The Designated Bus Stop Clarification memo, located in the appendix, has information on where to
stop, as well as approach and departure information, for certain stops in the district.
When pulling into and out of a bus stop, watch for trees or poles that may be close to the curb line. Guy
wires that brace power lines are a particular hazard because they are sometimes hard to see. Watch for
holes or water puddles that might make a stop unsafe.
Stop the bus close to the curb if possible. If the stop cannot be made within easy stopping distance from
the curb, stop far enough from the curb so that passengers must step down to the street and then into the
bus. Do not allow pupils to jump from the curb to the step.
In places where parked cars or other obstructions make it impossible to make a "square stop" next to the
curb, the following procedure is to be followed:
      Stop the bus as far to the right as possible, keeping the bus in a straight line on the road being
       traveled.
      This does not block any more of the road than stopping the bus with the nose in, tail out, method.
       It allows full use of the mirrors for observing traffic approaching from the rear.
                                        You are allowed to double park to load or unload student
                                        passengers in business or residential districts with a posted speed
                                        limit of 25 miles per hour or less. (Ref.: CVC 22500,h) Use
                                        extreme caution in approaching and leaving bus stops and school
                                        loading zones. When pupils are near, do not move the bus until
                                        you check and recheck all mirrors and are certain that movement
                                        of the bus will not create a hazard to the pupils. Pre-school
                                        pupils and pets can create special hazards when the bus is
                                        making stops in residential areas.
At all passenger stops, whether loading or unloading, secure the bus by placing the transmission in
neutral and applying the parking brake. If you must leave the driver's seat, shut down and secure the bus
and take the keys with you. (Ref.: 13 CCR 1226)
Buses will be put into gear only after all passengers are boarded and seated. Use a full five count mirror
check, checking the right mirrors, cross view mirrors, inside rearview mirror and left mirrors. Re-check
the left mirrors again before moving.

Loading Zone Safety
There are many areas of concern in bus loading zones. It is recommended that each bus stop and school
site be handled on an individual basis, because no two are alike. District policies relating to loading and
unloading zones should always be followed.
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The great responsibility of loading and unloading the passengers safely rests with the driver. As
professional bus drivers, we must follow the recommended procedures if we are to prevent accidents
from occurring. For more information on loading or unloading procedures, see a Driver Trainer.

School Bus Stops, Light Systems and Procedures (Ref: CVC 22112)
On approach to a school bus stop where pupils are loading or unloading from the school bus, the driver
of a school bus shall activate an approved flashing amber light warning system, if the bus is so equipped,
beginning 200 feet before the bus stop. After the driver has secured the bus they
shall operate the flashing red signal lights and stop signal arm, as required on the
school bus when the school bus is stopped for the purpose of loading and unloading
pupils. The flashing red signal lights, amber warning lights, and stop signal arm
system shall not be operated at any place where traffic is controlled by a traffic
officer or official traffic control signal, at a school site, on a field trip or other
exceptions as designated by law. The school bus flashing red signal lights, amber
warning lights, and stop signal arm system shall not be operated at any other time.
When pupils need to cross a highway or private road upon which the bus is stopped, at a location where
traffic is not controlled by a traffic officer or official traffic control signal, the driver shall do all of the
following:
       The driver shall appropriately shut down the vehicle by:
            o Placing the transmission in first or reverse if equipped with a manual transmission, and
              park position or neutral if equipped with an automatic transmission
            o Setting the parking brake
            o Turning off the ignition
            o Removing the key, which shall remain in the driver's possession.
       Activate the flashing red light signal system and stop signal arm, if so equipped as defined in
        section 25257.
       Before opening the door, ensure that the flashing red signal lights and stop signal arm are
        activated, and that it is safe to exit the school bus.
       Escort all pupils pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, or any grades one to eight, inclusive, (district
        policy: pre-K through 12th) across the highway or private road. The driver shall use an approved
        hand held "stop" sign while escorting pupils.

Special Notes About Red Light Escorting
As per District policy, you must escort all students regardless if the students are high school, junior high
school and/or elementary students.
Parents/legal guardians - The fact that they meet the bus at the stop does not relieve you of your
responsibility of escorting the students across the street. If questioned or confronted, graciously explain
the situation to the parent and escort everyone.
Crossing guards – If a designated stop is at a location where there are crossing guards, you are still
legally required to escort the students across the street. The presence of crossing guards does not relieve
you of this responsibility.
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Parking lots/alley ways - If, by necessity, students must cross any parking lot or alleyway directly in
front of the bus, a red light escort situation exists. Terrell School and Tamien station are good examples.

Hazardous Loading or Unloading Condition
Loading or Unloading at a Turnaround. It is best not to back a bus anytime when pupils are present
unless someone on the outside is directing this maneuver. In the event you must back up, sound the horn
before backing to warn people around the bus. See the section, Backing of Bus in section titled Driving
for more information.
Let's discuss an example of where you must do a backing maneuver on a bus route to turn around. You
                    are on a route in the morning picking up pupils at a turnaround point and they are on
                    the same side of the street as the bus as you are approaching the turnaround point.
                    Always stop and load the pupils before turning around. This way, you know where
                    the pupils are. Then perform the backing maneuver. On the return route, always do
                    the backing first.
                    Never take it upon yourself to make a decision where a bus stop should be without
                    discussing it with a Transportation Administrator or Scheduler. All bus stop
                    locations must be approved before being made. If you feel there is a safety problem
                    at any stop, call it to the attention of a Scheduler or Administrator. For your own
safety and the safety of your passengers, do not take it upon yourself to make unauthorized changes!
Specific turn around locations:
Fortini Road - From eastbound on Fortini, left turn on San Vicente
      To load - pick up students at San Vicente and Lone Oak, drive slowly past Lone Oak, stop and
       back around corner onto Lone Oak
      To drop - drop students after turn-around on Lone Oak
      Left turn back onto San Vicente right turn onto Fortini Road
Schillingsberg Road - From eastbound on Schillingsberg, turn right at the end of the road
      To load OR drop off - pick up and drop students at the driveway. Do not drive onto the
       driveway. Stop just short of the driveway, back up straight across the "t" intersection, watch out
       for the telephone pole on the left, turn right back onto Schillingsberg.
Calero Reservoir - Load OR drop off inside the parking lot by the Rangers' Station. Turn around as best
you can, following traffic pattern.
      If reservoir gate is locked - Continue south on McKean about two miles to the south gate. Pull
       past the road, pull over and back into the lane. Turn left onto McKean northbound.

Escorting Pupils
The following requirements shall apply at school bus stops made to receive or discharge pupils:
Escort across the highway or private road all pupils who attend a pre-kindergarten or elementary school
(a public or private school that does not offer education beyond the eighth grade). The driver shall use
an approved hand-held stop sign while escorting any pupil. The driver is not required to escort any pupil


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at a location where traffic is controlled by a traffic control signal, unless required to do so by the school
district. (13 CCR 1227 <2>)
The governing board of San Jose Unified School District requires school bus drivers to escort high
school pupils across the highway.

Hijacking and Kidnapping
In the past, school buses have been hijacked by a pupil passenger or by persons who were not
passengers. Also, threats have been made but not actually carried out. In these tough times, with threats
of terrorism everywhere, you must know both what to do and what not to do if you
are ever faced with a hijacking situation or a kidnapping.
Do not try to be a hero; we like you better in one piece. The best thing to do is accept
your situation as it is and be prepared to wait until help arrives. In a hostage
situation, both the hostages and those holding hostages are under great stress. If the
hostages are able to appear calm, then the stress on the kidnapper may be reduced.
For more information, see a Trainer.

Transporting Large or Hazardous Articles
We are required to comply with 13 CCR 1216 and Civil Code Section 54.2 regarding transporting
animals, hazardous, or large articles on a school bus. These sections are in place to insure the maximum
safety of passengers and employees, and that they are not endangered by transporting such articles.
Therefore, articles that will obstruct the clear view of the driver, obstruct any window, emergency exit,
aisle or entrance door, or that would cause discomfort or unreasonable annoyance to passengers shall not
be transported in the passenger compartment of a school bus. Glass containers, animals and other items
outlined in the Student/Parent Handbook are excluded from transportation and shall not be transported in
the passenger compartment of a school bus.
School Administrators, Teachers, Transportation Administrators, other district staff and Bus Drivers
shall all cooperate and insure conformance with this policy.

Transporting Articles in the Passenger Compartment of a School Bus
"Drivers shall not permit any greater quantity of freight, express, or baggage in vehicles than can be
safely and conveniently carried, without causing discomfort or unreasonable annoyance to passengers.
In no event shall aisles, doors, steps or emergency exists be blocked." (13 CCR 1216 [c])
Drivers of buses carrying groups such as bands, drill teams, etc., must ensure doors and aisles are kept
clear at all times. Bulky items such as bass drums, tubas, or boxes of miscellaneous equipment should
be placed on the bus in an appropriate location, preferably in luggage compartments, keeping the
passenger area, aisles and emergency exits clear.
Brooms shall not be left on the floor or laid across the aisle leading to an emergency exit. All such
equipment must be carried in the storage compartment or attached to a side wall with a broom clip.
Trash containers must be of a size and type that does not obstruct the aisle or step-well.
The following are guidelines and restrictions on what can and cannot be transported on a school bus:



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      Any article that, because of its size, cannot be safely carried down the aisles shall not be
       transported.
      Any article that cannot be held on the lap or otherwise carried in the space allocated to the
       passenger without impinging on the space of another passenger or extending above the seat back
       shall not be transported.
      Animals and insects shall not be transported. Exception: Guide, service and signal dogs when
       accompanying their owners.
      Glass containers not securely enclosed in a protective covering that prevents breakage shall not
       be transported.
      Musical instruments to be transported on
       home-to-school routes must be in cases and be
       approximately 33" x 9" x 6" or less.
      Transporting musical instruments and athletic
       equipment for special activities:
           o When possible, musical instruments, athletic equipment, and/or other articles shall be
             carried in the luggage compartment.
           o If necessary, this equipment may be transported in the passenger compartment, if the
             equipment is properly secured and in no way becomes a hazard and endangers the safety
             of passengers or the driver or obstructs the driver's clear view.
           o It is the responsibility of the driver to insure that the bus is properly loaded according to
             procedure listed above.
           o A separate vehicle to haul the instruments and/or athletic equipment will be provided,
             when warranted.
           o Vaulting poles may be transported in the passenger compartment, provided they are
             positioned on the side of the bus resting on the seat backs against the side wall and not
             blocking any exit. The top of the pole shall point to the front and rest firmly against a
             solid structural member of the bus and be secured in position with tape.
      Any exception to this policy and guidelines shall be approved by a Transportation Administrator.
For more information, consult the Student/Parent Handbook.

Safe Riding Practices
Some accidents are indirectly caused by students who distract the bus driver. This is why teaching
students safe riding practices is so important, making students aware that they are responsible for their
own safety as well as the safety of others. Because you are ultimately responsible for the bus and its
passengers at all times, it is essential to become completely familiar with, and be able to successfully
implement, every aspect of safe riding practices. (5 CCR 14103)
Good pupil behavior while entering, riding, or leaving the bus contributes in many ways to their safe
transportation. Minimal distractions from inside the bus makes it possible for you to give your full
attention to the many things you need to do to safely operating your bus, and minimizes conditions that
might cause pupils to be injured.

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Unfortunately, kids are not born knowing rules and safe riding practices, nor are they taught it when
they’re learning how to tie their shoes. So it falls to you to instruct and remind them on how to ride
safely. During instruction, you should stress:
     Safe riding practices
     Loading and unloading procedures
     The correct way to sit in their seat
     Red-light crossover procedures
     Proper noise level
     General student responsibilities
     District policies and general behavior guidelines for all bus passengers.




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Section 11 - Student/Public Relations
 Relationship with Pupils
 You are expected to establish and maintain a friendly, yet professional, relationship with all students.
 You must also take great care to ensure that any act by you does not cause anyone to be concerned with,
 or be suspicious of, your relationship with any student. Specific situations to watch for and prevent:
       Do not discuss your own personal matters, or talk badly about other drivers or school employees
        with your students.
       Do not delve too deeply into the personal lives of the students on your bus. An exception would
        be is if you suspect child abuse.
       Do not make, or attempt to make, any appointment with students outside of school hours.
       Unless a student needs help in getting on or off the bus because of injury or disability, avoid
        putting your hands on a student. We don’t want to have a student or family
        accuse you of abuse or assault.
       Gifts or rewards of an edible nature should not be given to students. Stick with
        stickers, award certificates or preferential seating on the bus instead.
       With certain groups of students, it may be a bad idea to allow the students to
        address you by your first name. It is sometimes more important maintain a strict
        professional relationship between you and your passengers than to try and be
        their friend.

 Bus Passes
 All students should have a bus pass in their possession before getting on the bus. All drivers should
 verify each student has a valid pass before they get on their bus. If a student does not have a pass, verify
 with dispatch if the student has a pass on file. If a student is not eligible, or consistently does not carry
 their pass, contact a Transportation Administrator or a dispatcher for further instructions.

 New Pupils
 New pupils are frequently taken to school in the morning by the parents, and their first ride on a bus
 occurs in the afternoon. It is very important to have determined the proper bus stops for all pupils before
 leaving the school. This is particularly important with younger students. All bus drivers are required to
 ensure their pupils get off at the student’s designated bus stop. If, for any reason, you are unsure about a
 designated stop, immediately contact Dispatch or the Transportation Supervisor.

 Ambassador to the Public
 As a school bus driver, you are the person out on the road in the public eye, playing a key role in
 projecting an image of the school system to the public. Whether the image is good or bad depends, to a
 large degree, on the impression created by you in your daily operation. Because you are constantly in the
 public eye, you must act as "good ambassador" for the school system and the community. Because you
 are entrusted with safety of pupils on your bus, the District and the public expect much more than
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minimum performance from you. Be aware of, and constantly practice, good public relations with all of
the following groups:

An Ambassador to The Pupils Who Ride Your Bus.
Public relations with pupils, as well as with all others, simply means presenting yourself and those you
represent in the best possible way.
However, SAFETY OF YOUR PASSENGERS TAKES PRECEDENCE OVER ALL OTHER
CONSIDERATIONS!

An Ambassador to Teachers and Other School Personnel.
As a bus driver, you represent all members of the Transportation Department when you’re out on the
road. Always conduct yourself in a manner which reflects positively upon yourself and the department
you represent. If a difference of opinion develops between a teacher and you, courteously and clearly
explain your position. If the misunderstanding persists, refer him/her to a Transportation Administrator.

An Ambassador to Parents
From time to time, a parent will be unhappy about a bus stop or perhaps about a
Conduct Report his/her child has received. Often, you can resolve the situation by a
simple and courteous explanation of the facts. If your explanation doesn't solve the
problem, refer the person to Transportation, giving them the telephone number and
the name of the person to be contacted. (Do not delay the bus schedule to have a
discussion with a parent.) ABOVE ALL, DO NOT ENTER INTO AN
ARGUMENT WITH A PARENT.

An Ambassador to The Public
School bus drivers are the most visible contact the general public will have with the school system. As
you’re probably aware, everything that you do, or do not do, is being observed. T his is particularly true
in your driving habits. By taking pride in your work and taking extra steps to ensure you provide the best
possible service, you can enhance not only your image, but that of other bus drivers and the district you
work for.
Be sure to conduct yourself in a professional manner. Think all your actions through to ensure you don’t
jeopardize any individuals or pupils by something you do or don’t do. Don’t jeopardize your career by
making a careless mistake.
All district employees are expected to be respectful in their conduct, including actions, language and
attitude toward management personnel, fellow employees, school personnel, parents, passengers or any
other person contacted during the performance of work for the district. Make every attempt to avoid
verbal confrontation with anyone. There will be times when it is not easy, but nothing will be
satisfactorily resolved through anger. Politely refer the other party to the Transportation Office. Alert an
Administrator by two-way radio, or when you return to the yard, to the problem so that he/she may be
prepared to deal with this situation.
Misunderstandings with parents and the general public can be avoided if the bus driver politely explains
that they are following State or Federal law, CHP regulations and/or District Policy and procedures.


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Please refer the person to the Transportation Office at 535-6185 so they may follow up on their
concerns.
    REMEMBER TO BE: CAUTIOUS--COURTEOUS--SAFE—PROUD




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Section 12 - Passenger Management
 Student management and discipline on school buses is one of the biggest problems confronting school
 bus drivers. It is also probably the most difficult job a bus driver has to perform.
 The daily ride to school can be an important part of a student's progress toward educational achievement
 and independence. You play an important role in influencing the behavior patterns of pupils who ride
 your bus. The bus ride to and from school can become a pleasant experience which the pupil anticipates
 (good), or it can become a dreaded experience for both the driver and pupil (bad).
 All pupils must behave appropriately as passengers on a school bus. To help them, you must clearly
 define, and consistently enforce the rules                              necessary to successfully
 manage pupils who ride your bus. While most of                          the students on your bus know
 the School District rules for behavior, there are                       still many new students on the
 bus that may not be aware of the rules. Going over                      the rules with the students on
 your bus on a regular basis will help these new                         students as well as reinforcing
 the rules with the students who are already                             familiar with them.
 Also, many of the older high school students are licensed drivers and are aware of safe driving practices.
 Students are aware of when the driver breaks the rules. If you don't follow the correct procedures, don't
 expect the students to follow the rules either when they’re out on the road on their own. Many of your
 passengers, whether they know it or not, look up to you as a role mode. The students need you to
 demonstrate leadership and to set an example for them.
 The kind of example you give the students will determine many of their responses toward you. If you
 scream and shout at the students, they will scream and shout back. If you keep a dirty and untidy bus,
 you can expect the students to throw trash and paper about. If you gossip about students, teachers, and
 your private life, the students will repeat, and frequently expand on, your stories.
 Bottom line: be the best role model, in all aspects, as you can be.

 Student Behavior and Safety
 Your primary concern as a school bus driver is to transport your students to and from school safely.
 Your job will be easier and safer if the passengers on your bus do not distract you while you are driving,
 allowing all of your attention to be given where it is needed most - on the roadway.
 This does not mean that you ignore your passengers to maintain your safe driving. You are still
 responsible for the conduct of your students even if no accident has occurred. Pupils transported in a
 school bus shall be under the authority of, and responsible directly to, the driver of the bus, and the
 driver shall be held responsible for the orderly conduct of the pupils while they are on the bus or being
 escorted across a street or highway.

 Building Rapport, Support
 You should learn the names of your passengers whenever possible. It makes the student feel good if they
 receive a friendly "Good morning" or "Good afternoon" followed by the pupil's name. A friendly
 comment on a class project or a report card indicates your genuine interest in the student. When this
 kind of rapport is established, students will often accept correction without little resentment because you
 have shown that their best interest is your primary concern.

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Parents recognize an orderly and well-managed bus and will not support a driver who is too lenient and
does not have control. Likewise a parent will not support a driver who is too firm or who has unrealistic
expectations for his/her students.

AM/FM Radio Procedures
The school bus is an extension of the school/classroom environment. As such, there has to be a certain
level of control over what is played on the radio or on a cassette. The following information is applicable
to all drivers and these guidelines should be followed even if the bus is not equipped with the same radio
equipment as other buses.
Playing radios and/or cassettes should be used as a tool in your efforts to effectively manage the
behavior of the students you transport. Since the school bus is an extension of
the school environment, the following uses are prohibited:
      Radio programs/stations, cassettes or CDs that contain graphic phrases
       or lyrics which are unsuitable for school use. Volume levels which
       prevent conversation among students or would interfere with your ability
       to hear and communicate with dispatch or your passengers.
The Department strongly suggests that the radio not be used for elementary students (Pre-Kinders
through the 5th grade.) Under no circumstances should inappropriate radio stations or other music be
played for these students.
The radio, as a pupil management tool, should be used wisely and according to the procedures outlined
above and in the Pupil Management Procedures. Any abuse of these procedures will be dealt with in the
same manner as any other disciplinary action.

Basic Techniques, Age Differences
The fundamental techniques of pupil management can be learned and used successfully by all drivers.
Successful pupil management is not based on how many bus conduct reports are written to maintain
order on the school bus, but rather on the fact that order has been established with a minimum writing of
reports.
If you’re just writing reports to try and maintain order on the bus, you’re just shifting the work of
disciplining the students from yourself to school administration. The principal is not on your bus. You
are. The conduct report is one of the tools you can use to encourage the students to behave on your bus.
However, your best tool is you. You need to find a way to deal with the students on your bus and get
them to behave in a way that stays within District guidelines while maintaining safety.
Drivers who are having problems in the area of pupil management should consult with the trainer or
other drivers to learn the techniques used to successfully deal with the students. If a driver has persistent
problems with pupil management, assistance from an Administrator should be sought.
It’s important to establish and maintain a rapport with your students, not only as a group, but
individually. You must also be aware that the age level of the children will cause their emotional and
behavioral needs to be different. A six-year old behaves differently than a fourteen-year old. To expect
them to act the same, and respond to the same behavior management techniques doesn’t make sense.
But it is important to inform all your students what type of behavior is expected of them. However, to
be successful, you must do this according to the age level of your group.

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Experienced bus drivers realize that their passengers are not completely developed as adults, and you can
neither demand nor expect complete adult behavior. Talk to the students in a way that the particular age
group can understand. Obviously, the approach to a problem with high school age pupils will not be on
the same level as that used with elementary school pupils.
When transporting your passengers, remember the following points.
   All children seek and require recognition and acceptance.
   Children need firmness, fairness and consistency to behave properly.
   The example you set the first day will influence the way students will respond to you all year
      long. It's always easier to start the year tough and then "loosen" up as the year progresses than to
      "tighten" up after the kids are used to going ape on the bus.
   If you must correct a student, it’s best to do so privately and quietly. Do not berate a child in
      front of a group. The student will resent this and usually react negatively to it.
   Don't threaten students with actions you cannot enforce. Once the students figure out that you’re
      just full of hot air, they will lose their respect for you and will continue their disorderly conduct,
      or worse.
   Positive reinforcement of correct behavior (by using praise and recognition) is more successful
      than negative reinforcement (threats, citations, yelling at students).
   Develop and maintain open lines of communication with your students, supervisor, parents, and
      school staff.

Principles of Pupil Management
Polite requests or reminders using the public address system may help to head off a discipline problem if
it is a minor infraction. Sometimes a word of warning over the speaker system or a remark directed to
the offender may suffice.
In some cases, consider stopping the bus along the side of the street to
regain control of the passengers. The very act of stopping the bus to
reprimand a student tends to lend emphasis to the situation.
CAUTION: Stopping the bus or returning to a school should be used
sparingly to maintain its desired impact upon the students. If it becomes
routine, it would become less effective as a tool, losing the impact and
shock value.
Effective pupil management requires that you talk to the pupils without shouting at them and without
evidence of irritation. Be careful never to threaten them with violence nor threaten to do something that
cannot be carried out. Your attitude should be friendly, cheerful, and businesslike.
You must follow up on enforcing your behavior standards, and the consequences to the pupils, without
evidence of favoritism. If you overlook the misbehavior of one pupil, but come down on another if they
do the same thing, respect of all other pupils is lost.
You should stand up and speak to the offender in a courteous but firm voice. Often, going to where the
student is sitting and speaking quietly to them low voice can be more effective than shouting at them
across the bus. There should be no anger involved; never scream at a student. If discipline is necessary,
the student should be moved to a seat near you. Even though a student is making you very upset, you
cannot legally put off a student of your school bus at a place other than their designated stop. In cases


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of continued pupil misconduct, and after efforts to correct the misconduct by oral warning and
discussions, follow the proper procedures for student discipline.
As you gain experience in pupil management you’ll find that issuing an order does not complete the
teaching process. For the students to behave at their best, they must understand the rules, why the rules
are there, and what the consequences are for violating the rules. With most students, just giving the rules
once or twice is sufficient. For others, you must patiently and consistently repeat the rules, why the rules
are there, and the consequences for breaking them. If there seems to be one prime offender, move that
student to the front seat and discuss the problem privately with the student.
Kids make noise. Sometimes, the noise from all the students talking on the bus can test your patience.
Trying to enforce absolute silence among students is not a healthy or realistic atmosphere.

Crisis Management
When a crisis does develop, you must act promptly and decisively. Keep yourself under control and
handle the situation without anger or emotion. Follow the established rules and
regulations. All disciplinary measures should be related to the established Rules
of Conduct detailed in the Parent/Student Handbook. Do not make up a rule to
try to fit a particular situation and be very careful not to make threats that you
cannot follow up on.
While sometimes it is unavoidable, you shouldn’t reprimand a whole bus load for the misdeeds of a few.
If you are having significant problems with the students on your bus, inform dispatch that you’re having
trouble, that you’ll be pulling over and your location.
Identify the main culprits causing the problem. If the students have been trashing your bus, have the
culprits clean it up completely. Once done, bring the little darlings up to the front of the bus, checking
the seats where they were sitting. If possible, reseat all other passengers as close to the front of the bus as
possible, two or three to a seat. Require all students to have their backpacks off and in their laps, sitting
back and facing forward.
Bringing the students back to the school, while sometimes appropriate, is not always the best solution.
When driving back, you will have less control over the students as they feel they have won a battle,
thinking you can’t control them. You will feel frustrated and will likely spend quite a bit of time
watching them rather than keeping your eyes on the road.
That said, if you feel it is necessary to bring the students back to school, confirm with dispatch that this
is OK before proceeding. Dispatch will check to ensure someone of authority will be there to meet you.
Taking them back without someone to meet you who can do something is pointless. If you do take them
to a school, you can only take them to their attending school. You will not be allowed to take them to a
school that happens to be in the vicinity as that school is not responsible for the students and is unlike to
provide any assistance to you.

Be Firm, Consistent
Being firm when handling students gives the impression that you have up your mind and are resolved to
deal with a situation promptly and fairly. Your decision making process must not be based upon anger.
You must be certain that your students understand the rules, why they are in place and the consequences
for violating the rules. These should be explained in a friendly manner using a positive approach. Once

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the what, why and what happens of the rules are understood, it’s equally as important that they are
enforced fairly and consistently. If you do not let the students know what the rules are, you can’t expect
the students to follow them.
If the rules are overlooked on the first serious offense, the student will find it easy to ignore them on the
second offense, and you will find it virtually impossible to reinstate them on the third. The result could
be chaos and an open invitation to challenge your authority as the bus driver. Firmness does not mean
inflexible rigidity. There is nothing wrong with "one more chance" but "one more chance" does not
mean "two more chances." Being firm with students does not mean that you can no longer be friendly
with the students. In fact, being both firm and friendly can enhance the positive behavior of the students
on your bus. But be consistent and dole out similar disciplinary actions for similar violations for all
students on your bus; do not play favorites.
All school bus drivers are required to ensure the students on their bus follow the Rules of Conduct. Part
of the responsibility is accountability, and the driver is held accountable by law for the behavior of
students on their bus. The responsibility and accountability also continues uphill, so the bus driver's
decisions and actions are always subject to review by the Supervisor or an Administrator.

Cultural Diversity
As a driver, you will meet hundreds of students, parents, and teachers during a school year. Naturally,
all of these people will not have the same ethnic background, economic standards, language, or religious
beliefs as you.
                      Our country is culturally diverse. Americans take pride in being Americans, but
                      also are proud of their ethnic heritage. The students on your bus may speak
                      another language, dress differently, and make judgments based on their own
                      cultural background and beliefs. Although you may have strong personal beliefs
                      about certain groups of people, these should not interfere with how you deal with
                      your students. Making remarks about a student's background, whether to fellow
                      drivers or to other students, is unprofessional and will inhibit your effectiveness as
a bus driver. However, if you show respect for others' beliefs and cultures, you will be respected for
your fairness and tolerance.

Passenger Interactions
Bus Drivers must maintain a professional relationship with all students at all times. To avoid any
possibility of misunderstanding, the only time a driver is permitted to put his/her hands on a student is
when and if a pupil is in need of assistance in boarding or alighting from the bus because of an injury,
physical handicap or when restraint is necessary to avoid harm to the student or others.
When addressing a student, use his/her correct name. DO NOT refer to them in any way that is
derogatory or that may embarrass them before the other students. A bus driver must be considerate, yet
at the same time firm and consistent.
For your protection, do not give your telephone number to parents or students.

Reporting Misbehavior on Buses and at Bus Stops
Feel free to discuss pupil discipline problems with a Driver Trainer, Transportation Administrator or the
school principal or their designees. Providing detailed background information on a particular incident

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will help the administrators be better able to assist and support the driver in carrying out his/her
responsibilities.
However, only the principal has been given the authority by the Board of Education to refuse
transportation to any student for any given time. Under no circumstances will a bus driver put a pupil
off the bus at any place other than the student’s designated bus stop. There is absolutely NO
EXCEPTION TO THIS RULE. After the bus driver has established that students know what behavior is
acceptable, the following procedures should be followed in the event disciplinary action is necessary.
The driver must discuss the act of misconduct with the student. Minor problems will be corrected at the
time of occurrence by the driver. Do not allow a situation to become constant before taking action.
There are guidelines for dealing with behavior issues on the bus and at bus stops. See the section
Consequences of Misbehavior on School Buses and at Bus Stops in the Parent/Student Handbook for a
description of how the bus citation process is supposed to work.
Complete the Bus Conduct Report and submit it to an Administrator
the day of the incident. Filling out a Bus Conduct Report is an
essential part of the process to document the behavior and to work on
correcting the behavior.
If you don’t fill out a report, there is no documentation and the school
can do nothing for you. Also, if you don’t fill the report out the same
day, it loses it’s effectiveness as it will no longer be relevant. If it is not relevant, it probably will not be
discussed with the student and won’t count towards the student’s overall count of conduct reports.
Also be aware that the school has internal discipline procedures. They will often consider a problem that
occurs on the bus the same as if it had occurred on their campus, and take action accordingly.
If a student is often late to catch your bus in the morning, and runs across the street to catch the bus, you
should only warn him only once and then fill out a Bus Conduct Report the next time it occurs. This
also applies if the student crosses behind the bus (or elsewhere) when you have given them the
opportunity to cross in front of the bus as they should. The driver of a bus and the school district are
liable if a student is hit by another vehicle if the student is not crossing at a signal-controlled intersection
or being red-light escorted by the driver.
Suspending students from buses is a last resort. It is a driver's responsibility, in collaboration with the
school, to use every effort possible to change the student's attitude relating to misconduct on the bus so
the student can get to school, learn and become a productive member of society.
REMEMBER - Good pupil management not only helps you maintain better control of the students on
their bus, the students will also have a greater respect you.




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Section 13 - General Field Trip Information
 Field trips are a way for students to gain experiences they cannot gain inside the classroom. We strive to
 provide the best service and experience possible for the students.
 Be aware that many students who ride the bus on a field trip may have little or no exposure to riding on a
 bus. Be sure to give a complete safety speech so the students know what is expected of them, and work
 with the teachers, coaches and/or chaperones to ensure the students behave appropriately so the whole
 group can have a good experience.

 Field Trips
 When you arrive at a school for an athletic or field trip during school hours and the group is not waiting
 for you already, you should go to the school office and report to the School Secretary or Principal.
 Inform them of the destination, number of pupils, leaving time, and the return time, as stated on the trip
 ticket. If there is any difference between the trip ticket and what the teacher expects, Dispatch should be
 called for instructions. Changes in destination, times, and/or additional stops on the trip, require
 approval before departure.
 Drivers may never transport more pupils and other passengers than shown on the CHP Inspection
 Approval Certificate. Every passenger must have a safe seat.
                       After loading all teachers and pupils, the driver shall introduce himself/herself,
                       confirming the destination and return time. Once everyone is settled, spend a few
                       minutes explaining the bus rules and emergency procedures to the passengers.
                       Gear your explanation to the age group of pupils. The Activity Trip Safety Talk
                       document, located in the appendix, has good information on what to talk about. See
                       a trainer if you need more information on what or how to cover during your safety
                       talk.
                       It would also be a good idea to have the passengers follow the Loading and
                       Unloading Procedures outlined in the Safety section. This will allow these students
 to get used to getting on and off the bus in an orderly fashion in case there is an emergency.
 Upon arriving at the destination and before unloading, confirm the departure time and where the group is
 to be picked up with all teachers once more to ensure everyone is on the same page.
 If sack lunches are planned for the excursion, attempt to arrange a satisfactory stopping place in advance
 with the teacher. Be sure to clear the additional stop with dispatch.
 Field trips will be assigned according to the driver's proficiency, ability, seniority, availability as well as
 several other factors. See the Extra Work Guidelines for more information.

 Rosters
 Teachers should have three rosters with them before they depart on a trip: one for the driver taking them
 to the destination, one for the return driver, and one for themselves.

 Pupil Management
 If a discipline problem develops during the trip, work with the teachers to take corrective action.

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A faculty member, coach or other responsible adult must ride on the bus for all school activity trips.
While they are on board, they are there to help you but only under your direction. They cannot, must not
relieve you of your responsibility to ensure the students follow the law and Rules of Conduct, and stay
safe. We have a legal and moral responsibility to assure the safety of our passengers. Use your personal
resources, as well as using the adults on the bus, as resources to ensure safety.
Noise is largely a matter of personal opinion. Cheerleaders and other passengers are usually energetic,
but need not be unruly. Use your Pupil Management skills to ensure they stay within limits and not do
anything that might jeopardize their safety.
As many students do not normally ride the bus, and parents are often present as chaperones, it’s your
best chance to show off the skills you’ve developed as a professional driver. Make a good impression!
Students are not to transfer between buses for the return trip, except in circumstances approved by the
teacher in charge.

Trip Directions
As a professional driver, you should always maps out your route to the
destination in advance to ensure a minimum of trouble. While directions are
often provided on the trip ticket, be sure they are applicable for the trip you are
doing. If necessary, request assistance from a Dispatcher or Administrator.
Asking for directions the day of the trip, or calling for directions after you have
departed the school is unprofessional.

Tips for Better Trips

Undercarriage
Drivers are solely responsible for opening and closing the undercarriage doors. Passengers have been
known to not close the doors, risking an accident for you.

Questions about Destinations, Directions
Any questions regarding the destination or directions should be resolved before the day of the trip.

Time before Trips
For non-student days, such as weekends, you should allow enough time before the pickup time for the
following items:
     30 minutes to check out your bus.
     Reasonable travel time to the pickup point.
     Arriving an extra 5-10 minutes at the pickup point before the scheduled pickup time.
     An extra 15 minutes prior to all this to allow for any problems with your bus.

Be On Time
All drivers are expected to be on time for field trips. The Pick-Up Time is the time you should have
students loaded and are ready to leave. If the teacher(s) aren't ready, be patient - you are paid by the


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hour! But do let them, and dispatch, know if their delay will cause problems with other assignments you
may have.

Missing Group
If you arrive at a pick-up location and no one is waiting for the bus, wait five (5) minutes past the
scheduled pick up time then radio the Dispatch for instructions. After hours, or when a Dispatcher is not
available, you should use your good judgment. A wait of ten (10) to twenty (20) minutes past the
scheduled time, depending on the group, is often reasonable. If no one approaches your bus, try and find
the group and/or go into the office at the site to try and find them, letting the group know where you are
and that you’re ready to go when they are.

Running Late
If you are late because of a prior run, trip or bus defect, radio Dispatch and they will notify the school.
It’s very important to be on time when reporting for duty or when arriving to pick up a group. The trip is
often scheduled closely, either by Transportation or by our customer, with a minimum of slack time.
If you’re running late, you’ll tend to rush through things, exceed limits and/or cut corners, decreasing
safety. If you’re late picking up a group then you may be impinging on the time they have scheduled,
possibly missing or forfeiting a portion of their activity. You’re stressed, they’re stressed, the teachers
are complaining to you (and to the Transportation office), the students are misbehaving, safety is
compromised. It’s just a bad situation. Please run on time.

Verify Destination, Times
Before you leave the school, verify all destinations and return times. If the group wishes to make stops
not previously arranged, radio Dispatch to obtain approval. You should also:
        Remind teachers that they are responsible for the conduct of their students, in addition to
           parking fees, bridge tolls, etc.
        Give your passengers a brief, concise explanation of safe riding practices and emergency
           evacuation procedures.

Safety First
Safety is your first responsibility. While the student’s behavior on the bus is
ultimately your responsibility, the teacher or coach must play a major part in
ensuring the students behave properly. Field trips are an extension of their
classroom.
Commercial drivers cannot drive more than ten hours in any sixteen-hour
period. After the sixteen hours, they must have at least eight consecutive hours off duty. This includes
work in a paid status for any and all employers. (Ref: 13 CCR 1213) For more information, see an
Administrator or a Trainer.
The maximum speed limit for school buses is 55 mph.

Adult Chaperone
On all trips, other than home-to-school, there must be at least one adult on the bus. This is required by
district policy. If there is not supervision, radio Dispatch for instructions. During the evening, weekends

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or holidays, use your best judgment as to transporting students without adult supervision and to report
the incident to an Administrator the next working day. If necessary, Drivers can call an Administrator at
home for instructions in these cases. In any event, no student shall ever be left stranded at any time.
Off-campus or walk-on coaches present a unique problem for schools and for Transportation. If you
arrive for a sports pick-up and no coach is present, radio Dispatch for assistance. Because you have
radio contact with us, we may advise you to proceed. However, if you radio in with discipline problems
en route to a destination, we may instruct you to return to school. If discipline problems occur en route
home or late, exceptions may not again be made for that team or group.


Bus Convoy Travel
Before leaving on a trip, all drivers in a convoy should get together with the driver of the lead bus and
agree upon the route to be traveled. This will help the convoy operate safely and cooperatively. When
several buses are traveling together, the lead bus shall remain at or under the legal speed limit so the
driver can keep the second bus in sight at all times. The second bus driver is responsible for keeping the
third bus in sight at all times and so on for as many buses as there are in the convoy. For safety,
maintain a minimum following distance of one second for each ten (10) feet of bus length; four (4)
seconds of space between district buses. However, the minimum amount of space between buses in
convoy is 300 feet (CVC 22406) when on the highway. When approaching the destination, the lead bus
should slow its pace sufficiently to allow all buses to arrive as a group.

Driver's Responsibilities at the Destination
Upon arrival at your destination and discharging students, again verify the return time and pick-up point
with the teacher. If you’re staying with the group, it’s OK to leave your bus for short periods of time to
seek restroom facilities, etc. Be sure to secure your bus, ensuring all windows and doors are closed
except if the group requires access to the bus. When several buses are waiting together at a destination,
at least one driver should remain with the buses at all times to help if any passengers return and need
assistance, and to protect the buses against vandalism.

Staying With the Bus?
As per 13 CCR section 2480, the measure to Limit School Bus Idling and Idling at Schools, bus engines
shall not be run in excess of 5 minutes per hour at any one location greater than 100 feet from a school.
Drivers should dress appropriately for the type of weather. Drivers should also stay close by their buses
at the destination in case the group wants to return earlier than expected.
When a bus has been left unattended, we suggest that you first inspect the interior of your bus upon your
return to ensure you did not acquire any unexpected and unwelcome passengers. You should then
perform a mini inspection of your bus that includes at least the following
items: brakes, lights, tires, undercarriage and a check for body damage.

Group Lunches
Lunches are the property of the group and are for the group's use only.
Extra lunches are the property of the group.



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Clean It and Fuel It
Buses shall be left cleaned and fueled after the trip.

Run Coverage
When you accept extra work during your standby time, and it does not conflict with your regular route,
dispatchers are not authorized to cover any portion of a driver’s route. In other words, you cannot ask for
dispatch to cover a run so you can have a lunch break because you were on a trip. With a few exceptions,
“down time” is available for you to take a paid break when you are doing the extra work. You are also
permitted to bring lunch or a snack with you. Don’t put the dispatchers in an awkward position, as they
are not permitted to provide covers for you.
It is important to remember this before accepting extra work. If this becomes a more chronic problem,
then we may have to work with the union to re-think our procedure for assigning extra work.




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Section 14 - Emergency Procedures
 Avoiding Accidents
 Safely transporting students to and from school, or school-related activities, is our job, our primary
 responsibility. Always ensure the safety of your students by monitoring the Safety Zone around your bus
 at bus stops, the road ahead and behind you, and ensuring other potential hazards don’t become a
 problem by taking appropriate action. Prevention of accidents is best accomplished by exercising your
 good judgment, avoiding risk, as well as complying with all applicable laws, policy and training
 standards.

 Definition of a School Bus Accident
  "A motor vehicle accident resulting in property damage or personal injury, on public or private property,
 and involving a school bus...with a pupil on board; a collision between a vehicle and any pupil or the bus
 driver while the pupil or driver is crossing the highway when the school bus flashing red signal (cross-
 over) lamps are required to be operated pursuant to Vehicle Code Section 22112; or injury of a pupil
 inside the bus as a result of acceleration, deceleration, or other movement of the bus." (12517.1 VC)

 Reporting School Bus Accidents
 "Whenever a school bus...driver is involved in an accident specified in Section 1219, that requires the
 (Highway Patrol) Department to be notified immediately by the driver, the carrier (District) shall ensure
 the accident has been reported of the school district for which the bus was operated. If the driver is
 physically incapable of reporting the accident, the carrier (District) shall make the required notifications
 immediately upon becoming aware of such accident." (13 CCR 1237)
 All bus accidents or incidents in which a District vehicle is involved must be reported
 immediately to Dispatch or a Transportation Administrator. Any accident that occurs
 while a bus has pupils aboard is required to be reported as a school bus accident,
 regardless of the dollar amount of the accident or severity of an injury. The driver
 should not make any decisions whether an occurrence is serious or not.
 If you were able to contact Dispatch or and Administrator, they will then be
 responsible for calling the California Highway Patrol and/or local law enforcement, an ambulance if
 necessary, and making other calls that may be required. The telephone numbers for reporting accidents
 are 535-6186 or 6182, the same as Dispatch. Should this number be busy, keep trying. If you cannot get
 in touch with Dispatch, call the Transportation Office at 535-6183.
 If you were not able to make contact with them, you will be responsible for making the calls to the CHP.
 If for any reason you are unable to place the call yourself, you should ask the assistance of the first
 passerby or the resident of the nearest house, using the assistance form provided in the accident packet.
 By using this form, the person making the call for you will have the necessary information to enable
 Transportation to get the proper assistance to you.

 General Procedures at the Scene of an Accident
 Because the circumstances of each accident are different, the sequence procedures may vary, but the
 following general procedure is recommended:
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      Set parking brake and put transmission in "neutral" position.
      Turn off the ignition switch and remove the key.
      Be calm and reassure your passengers.
      Evaluate the accident scene. Make certain there are no immediate hazards or dangers at the
       impact location, such as an electrical fire, smoke or fuel leak that could lead to a potential fire.
      Check for injuries among the passengers and follow necessary first aid procedures.
      Check for injuries to occupants of the other vehicle involved.
      Keep all students on the bus if it is safe to do so.
      Protect the scene. Place reflector warning devices in appropriate locations.
      Under normal circumstances, the vehicle involved should not be moved until a law officer
       advises the driver to do so. If the location of the vehicle is a hazard, it is permissible to have it
       moved to a safe location. You must be able to identify the position in which the vehicle came to
       rest after impact. Mark the location of your tires on the pavement with the marker provided in
       the accident packet before moving the bus.
      Do not discuss the facts of the accident with anyone other than the investigating officers or
       authorized representatives of the District.
      During the investigation, be patient; evaluate questions and give clear and
       concise answers. Make no admission of guilt.
      Drivers involved in an accident are required by law to give certain
       information to the other drivers, such as name, age, driver's license number,
       and vehicle information, and to receive and write down the same
       information from the other driver(s) involved.
      Obtain all necessary information from bus passengers. This should include the passenger's name,
       phone number, age and seat location. Use the seating chart provided in the accident packet.
      Start filling out the Narrative Supplemental form for the CHP
      Prepare all your documents, including driver’s license, medical, special certificate and first aid
       card (if applicable.) Also get out the vehicle registration and insurance cards and have them ready
       for the officer.
      Start filling out the District Accident form, filling in as much information as possible. It is
       important to obtain information on the other vehicle and driver in case they leave the scene.
      If an injured person is removed to a medical facility, be sure to obtain the name and location of
       the medical facility from the person taking the injured person.
      A driver is not to leave his bus to seek help except when there are no pupils aboard who can be
       sent for help. Pupil(s) may not be left unsupervised.




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Witnesses
As soon as the immediate needs of passengers are taken care of, the scene has been made as safe as
possible, and Transportation has been notified, attempt to obtain as many witnesses to the accident as
possible.
Secure names and addresses of outside witnesses on the Bus Drivers Accident Report form provided in
the accident packet. Check each name carefully to see that all information is legible before witnesses
leave the scene of the accident. If we can’t read it, it can’t help you.
Secure the names and addresses of every occupant of the other vehicle involved, clearly indicating who
was driving.
Transportation must again be notified when all the above is completed and the bus has been released and
is ready for service or removal from the scene.

Reporting Accidents or Incidents When Transportation is Closed
Since the law requires that all accidents involving a school bus be reported to the California Highway
Patrol, it is your responsibility to make sure that such a report is made. After 6:00 p.m. weekdays, on
weekends or holidays, you should notify a Transportation Administrator at home. When reporting the
accident, you should be prepared to give as many details as possible. In the event you are unable to
reach a Transportation Administrator at home, you should call the California Highway Patrol yourself.
Such calls may be made by calling 911, asking for the Highway Patrol and making this statement: "This
is a report of a School Bus Accident"
The District has property monitors at Central Station on duty nights and weekends, seven days a week
monitoring our two-way radio system. You typically will be able to call them for assistance via the two-
way radio or by calling 408-278-6923.

Accidents with Unattended Vehicles
The driver of any bus that collides with an unattended vehicle shall immediately locate and notify the
owner or operator of such vehicle, and give him the name and address of the owner of the bus, or leave
in a conspicuous place on the unattended vehicle, a written notice giving the names and addresses of the
driver and owner of the bus. (CVC 20002) The accident shall be reported immediately to Dispatch or to
a Transportation Administrator and documented on a Transportation Accident Report Form.

Writing an Accident Report
Since it is difficult for someone involved in an accident to remember all the details
after leaving the scene, it is essential that you make written notes at the scene and
identify all witnesses immediately after necessary emergency measures have been
taken. Use the accident kit with the information forms provided.
The Accident Report forms are the responsibility of, and are to be completed, by the
driver. Transportation Staff, if available, will assist the driver in filling out the forms
and obtaining information.
The driver is to deliver the Accident Report to a Transportation Administrator IN
PERSON as soon as possible WITHIN 24 HOURS, and in no case, later than the end of the next
working day.
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In order for the Accident Review Committee to fairly evaluate accident reports, both in terms of cause
and preventability, clear, accurate, and concise reports are essential. Because the people reviewing these
reports seldom have first hand knowledge of the facts involved, it is extremely important that the reports
be completed in such a way that any person reviewing them would be able to accurately diagram the
occurrence on the basis of the information furnished.
For the guidance of drivers in preparation of their reports, the following procedure is recommended.
      Identify and describe the location. Include street names, widths, number of lanes, traffic volume,
       etc.; also, specify what traffic controls are present and any other physical factors that relate to the
       occurrence.
      Describe movements or actions of each party immediately preceding the occurrence. If other
       vehicles are involved, describe each separately, and identify as V-1 or V-2, etc. Include and
       identify any skid marks.
      Describe point of impact (POI) and movement of vehicles to point of rest (POR). The point of
       impact should be related to curb lines or the edge of the road. Indicate place and approximate
       amount of damage to each vehicle.
      If the driver of the other vehicle(s) will make a statement, include this also.
      Draw a complete diagram that will allow the Accident Review Committee to relate the narrative
       portion of the report to the actual event.

Mechanical Defects
If, in your judgment, any malfunction or mechanical defect of the equipment was a contributing factor to
an accident, this information must be included in the original accident report. Transportation will
arrange for a mechanical inspection before the bus is moved from the scene. Ensure any and all known
and/or suspected defects are also documented and the Daily Bus and Condition Report before you leave
the yard in the morning.

Accident Report Forms
In order to fairly evaluate and classify various types of occurrences, three basic reports have been
adopted. Each form has been designed to cover a particular type of accident or incident.
Bus Drivers Accident/Incident Report Form: This form will be used for vehicle accidents where any
District driver is involved. This report must be submitted on the day of the accident
                             All incidents of objects being thrown at the bus, or attempts to damage the
                             bus or injure its occupants may be reported on this form, whether or not
                             actual damage or injury occurs. It may also be used to supplement a pupil
                             injury report or reports to other agencies.
                             Investigator's Accident Report (supplement): Besides assisting you in
                             preparing the required accident reports, Transportation Staff may prepare
                             and submit a supplemental Field Investigation Report. This report must be
                             submitted within 254 hours of the occurrence.
Pupil Injury Report: Use this form when a pupil incurs an injury, not related to any movement of the
bus, but while the pupil is under your supervision as a driver. This form is available in the

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Transportation Office and at all schools. Complete it at the school or the Transportation Office within
twenty-four hours of the occurrence.

New Damage to Vehicles
In situations where you find new damage to a vehicle, notify Dispatch immediately. A Transportation
Administrator may also inspect the vehicle.

Sending Pupils for Assistance
Title 13 CCR 1219 <b> states: “In the event of an accident or emergency, a driver shall not leave the
immediate vicinity of the bus to seek aid unless no pupil aboard can be sent to summon help." It is our
policy that there is no violation in leaving the bus as long as the bus and its passengers are in the driver's
view and control.
In situations where outside assistance is necessary, use the following recommended procedure in the
following order:
   1. Use the printed "Emergency Assistance Request Form".
   2. If possible, give the filled out Assistance form to an adult passer-by and request
      him to make the necessary call.
   3. If it is necessary to use pupil passengers as messengers, follow this procedure:
           a. Completely fill out the appropriate form.
           b. Select TWO of your most reliable pupils.
           c. Instruct them to go to the nearest house or business and request the occupant to make the
              phone call. After giving the written request to the occupant, the pupils are to return
              immediately to the bus. They must never enter a private home at any time.
   4. Discretion and your good judgment are essential parts in ensuring the safety of your students. If
      the students are very young, special education students, or students with special problems, DO
      NOT send them for assistance. Wait with your bus and students until a passerby comes along or
      the Transportation Department locates you. This is one of the reasons why you should always
      ensure the driver directions in the computer are accurate and that you follow your route exactly as
      shown in the computer. If a change occurs in the route, immediately ensure the driver directions
      in the computer are accurate.




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Section 15 - Evacuation Procedures and Drill
 Bus Safety and Evacuation Training
 Even though all school bus drivers’ highest priority is the safety of their passengers, the possibility of a
 major accident is always present. For this reason, the Transportation Department has developed a plan
 for an emergency evacuation of your bus in the event of such an occurrence. Both State and Federal
 regulations also require that all bus riders participate in an emergency evacuation drill at least once
 during each school year.
 The purpose of conducting the evacuation drill is to familiarize both the bus driver and the students with
 the procedures involved and the problems that are likely to occur. An explanation of the “why” for
 doing the drill and the “how” of carrying it out, followed by an actual drill, will provide both the
 students and yourself with information and skills you and they will need in the event an actual
 emergency evacuation should become necessary. Different buses or types may change the specific
 method of evacuating, but the general procedures are still applicable.

 School Bus Emergency Evacuation
 The decision that an evacuation is necessary is one of the most important that a driver will ever have to
 make. Once made, you will need to initiate a chain of events to ensure the safest possible situation for
 the passengers under the existing circumstances. A poor decision could result in actions that might well
 aggravate an already bad situation. The decision, however, must be made as quickly as possible and be
 based on all the facts at hand.
 During your driving experience, there will be times when knowing
 what, how and when to do something during an emergency will be
 of great value to you and your passengers. When an emergency
 develops, every passenger looks to you for direction. The parents
 of the students you transport expect you to ensure students will be
 safe in an emergency. You must know what to do and also be able
 to instruct your passengers on emergency procedures so that they
 will know what to do in the event you will not be able to give
 assistance when it is needed. Instructing them on what to do in
 advance, and practicing it, will be in your, and their, best interest. Students have owed their lives to their
 bus drivers who were trained properly and who made the right decision at the right time.
 There are times when a critical situation of such severity poses a threat to the passengers so that the best
 thing to do is evacuate the vehicle. A vehicle should always be evacuated when, but is not limited to:
       When there is a fire present.
       When there is the potential for a fire to occur due to:
            o Ruptured fuel tank or fuel line.
            o Electrical fires due to damaged insulation or loose connections.
            o Under-inflated tires and/or duals that touch each other.



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           o Brakes - riding the brake or excessive use on a hill causing linings to overheat and ignite
             lubricant or other flammables.
           o Parking in dry grass.
      When a vehicle is situated in a dangerous position upon the roadway, such as:
           o On the curved portion of a roadway where limited visibility makes it likely your bus may
             be struck by another vehicle.
           o Railroad tracks.
           o Close to the roadway under adverse atmospheric conditions.
       In cases like these, ensure the students are evacuated and moved to a place where they are in less
       danger than if they were still on your vehicle.
In emergency situations, moving the students quickly and orderly helps contribute to their safety. Both
the driver and the passengers should know what to do if there is an emergency. Ensure everybody knows
what to do by teaching your students what do, and then practicing the evacuation procedures.
While you can’t practice emergency evacuations out a door other than the entrance door every day, you
can still discuss what to do with your students on a regular basis. It will also be helpful to get your
students used to getting off the bus in an orderly fashion as described in Rotational Unloading of
Students in the Driving section.

Evacuation Procedures
By law, all buses operating in California must provide at least two methods or routes of escape. With
proper training, all students and drivers will know the location of all emergency exits, how to operate the
exits and how to exit the bus safely. Conducting an evacuation drill gives both the driver and the
students guidelines and procedures to follow if there is an emergency.
A complete verbal and physical program has been developed by the Training Department to use to train
students about the emergency equipment on the bus and how to evacuate the bus safely. Keep in mind
that the purpose of teaching our passengers about the equipment and getting out of the bus a different
way other than the one normally used for loading and unloading purposes is to ensure they are as safe as
possible in an emergency situation.

Be the Rock
The driver is the foundation of any evacuation. If you panic, the children will
panic. Staying calm and providing clear leadership will help students get to safety
in an emergency.
To make things easier, have your students follow a systematic unloading plan
every day, described in Rotational Unloading of Students in the Driving section, so
they will become accustomed to this way of getting off the bus. When it becomes
necessary to evacuate the bus, the students will more easily follow the plan
because they have become conditioned to doing so.




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Your Evacuation Training Goal
One of your goals of any evacuation, practice or otherwise, should be for the students to know what to
do and be able to evacuate themselves. If they know what to do and can take care of getting themselves
off the bus safely, and to a safe area, then this will leave you with the time to ensure all students get off
the bus and there are no stragglers.

Evacuation Responsibilities
Your responsibility as a driver to ensure student safety, as it pertains to emergency evacuations, includes
two parts:
    The implementation of safe riding practices, which includes a daily systematic procedure for
       loading and unloading. This means you should have the students perform a front door
       evacuation drill with the students staying in their seats until the aisle is clear. The daily
       enforcement of safe riding practices is also key to ensuring the students will be safe in an
       emergency.
    The training and supervision of a yearly evacuation drill. The evacuation drill will start with a
       verbal presentation that will familiarize the students with the various routes of escape and all the
       safety features of the school bus. The actual evacuation drill is required to be conducted using an
       exit the students ordinarily would not use.

Preparing for an Evacuation Drill
      Know the State Laws concerning school buses and your responsibilities as the driver. Follow
       local policies to the letter.
      As a driver, it is imperative you know your vehicle including the
       engine, braking system, and any special equipment it may have.
      Introduce yourself and the subject.
      Give the students reasons for an evacuation. Give examples: "The
       goal of the evacuation is to..."
      Develop a plan for orienting your passengers about your bus. There is no right way. Each plan
       will differ because of the driver, the age group, type of vehicle, etc.
      Develop a systematic plan for the evacuation of your bus. For an evacuation drill checklist, see a
       Trainer.

What If No Relief or Emergency Personnel Come to Your Rescue?
There may be a situation which will warrant the evacuation of passengers from a vehicle in a place
where help is not immediately available. When evacuation is necessary, use your training to ensure the
correct procedures are followed in conducting the evacuation. As you are ultimately responsible for the
passengers of the bus, you must be prepared at all times for the possibility that you will have to evacuate
everyone from the bus with no outside assistance. Have adults inside or outside to help you is a bonus!
Ensuring the students are trained and know what to do in an emergency, and being personally prepared
will go a long way in ensuring everyone’s safety. Use the suggested tips and minimum guidelines that
are available from a trainer as the basis for your own plan to follow if there is an emergency requiring
evacuation of a vehicle.
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Section 16 - APPENDIX
 Contents
 Attitude is Everything
 Pupil Discipline Outline
 Guidelines, Memos and Information




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Attitude is Everything
What do you think is more important to your success in life -- attitude or aptitude? If you said attitude,
you're right. A study by the Stanford Research Institute determined that twelve percent of our success
depends on knowledge, while a whopping eighty-eight percent of our success depends on attitude and
positive thinking.
What exactly is attitude? The dictionary defines attitude as "a mental position with regard to a fact or
state." Attitude is the way you look upon the world and your life. A positive attitude can make all the
difference. Following is a list of positive and negative attitudes. Compare them!


              Positive Attitude                             Negative Attitudes
                 Enthusiasm                                     Who Cares?
                    Caring                                         Apathy
                   Genuine                                         Phony
                   Exciting                                        Boring
               Knowledgeable                                    Unknowing
                   Courage                                          Fear
            Endless Opportunities                            Dead-end Outlook
                  Adventure                                   Same old thing
                    Faith                                         Distrust
           On top of environment                         Environment controls you
               Picturing results                             Picturing struggle
            Smiles are contagious                       Bad moods are contagious
                 Team spirit                                    Me, me, me
                    Leader                                        Follower
                 Originality                                      Imitator
     Make other people feel good about               Make other people feel bad about
                themselves                                     themselves
             Compliment people                                Criticize people
        Pass around a little sunshine                       Pass around clouds
        Focus on today and tomorrow                         Focus on yesterday
             Take responsibility                                Blame others
         Meet problems realistically                    Let problems overcome you
                Take initiative                         Let others take the initiative

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             Positive Attitude                             Negative Attitudes
          Feel good about yourself                       Feel bad about yourself
    Know that you are a valuable person                  Think you have no value
Know you can make a difference in the world      Think you can make no difference in the
                                                                world
Don't let ordinary annoyances get you down            Frustrations over commonplace
                                                                annoyances
     Compliment yourself by thinking,                Be hard on yourself by thinking,
          "I did a good job today."                      "I'll never do this again."
So how do you go about getting a positive attitude and more importantly, keeping one when the chips are
down? Although some people seem to be able to maintain a positive attitude almost all the time, most
people have to make a conscious effort to attain and keep a positive outlook on life.
Here are some tips to get you started. Remember, the more you work at developing a positive outlook,
the easier it gets!
     Everyday, keep an "up" attitude about yourself.
     Talk to yourself every day in a positive way. Say, "I know I can do it. I know I can do it. I will
        succeed."
     Aim for the stars. If you don't make it, you'll land pretty high anyway. Remember, the only one
        who is a real failure is the one who doesn't try.
     Mentally picture yourself as the ideal you want to be. Remember how you used to daydream
        when you were a young child? Let your mind "see" you exactly as you want to be. See yourself
        happy, attractive, confident, succeeding in life's ventures.
     Be enthusiastic. Genuine enthusiasm is the key to personal success.
     Throw yourself into a worthwhile goal or project. Lose yourself in it. Your results will follow.
     Take time to express appreciation to others. It will come back to you many times over.
     Get excited about life. Take time to appreciate the wonder of it all.
     Set your mental outlook as you drive to work every day. Instead of thinking, "It's going to be one
        of those days," think, "What exciting things can I do today?"
     Don't get awestruck with other people. Remember, no one can be you as effectively as you can.
     Set realistic goals for yourself. With each goal you reach, you build self confidence and
        character.
     Take pride in yourself for a job well done. Pat yourself on the back and do it often.
     Strive always to reach your dreams.
     Be a leader. Take the initiative. Be an example for others to follow.
     You can be a winner.
     Smile, smile, smile. A genuine smile is contagious.
     Genuinely care about people. Whatever good goes from you, comes back around to you.

Share the sunshine...
Everyone is capable of having a positive attitude. It is something you must do every day. It builds and
builds, and grows and grows. So, don't wait another second. Put these principles to work for you now.

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With a positive attitude and outlook on life, you can reach exciting new heights of achievement and
realize great personal rewards.
       Be proud and say, "I got an "A" in attitude today." It's one of the first steps to success in selling
       or, for that matter, in almost any walk of life.




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Pupil Discipline Outline

What you can do to help in the discipline process
   Do demonstrate leadership
        o Have a positive attitude
        o Set guidelines and limits
        o Set a caring atmosphere
   Do develop bus spirit
        o Develop team spirit
        o Ask all students to help keep their bus clean
        o Involve students in naming the bus
   Do be a greeter
        o Greet each student as they get on the bus
        o Have students do the same to each other
        o Use students' first name
   Do point out what is working
        o Establish rewards for good behavior
        o Always point out the positive behavior

Discipline procedures
    Purpose of the procedure
          o Sets standards of expected student behavior
          o Establish standard disciplinary actions
    Drivers responsibilities
          o Be consistent
          o Be fair
          o Know the rules
          o Set your standards
          o Do not play favorites
          o Do not make promises you cannot keep
    Types of discipline
          o Verbal warning
                 Explain the reason for the warning
                 Explain the next step if behavior continues
          o Conduct report
                 Explain the reason for the conduct report
                 Be specific and positive
          o Suspension from bus privilege
                 Driver does not suspend students from bus
                 Let the proper authorities suspend the student
                 Good documentation will take its course (be patient!)
          o Do request assistance when needed from:
                 Driver Trainers
                 Transportation Administrators
                 School authorities

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      Do maintain control of the situation
          o Do not get angry when taking disciplinary action
          o Do not let the student gain control
          o Remember, you are in charge
          o Do not touch the student
          o Follow through on all discipline
          o Praise in public and reprimand in private
      Some Do's and Don'ts
          o Make sure you discipline the right students
          o Make sure you yourself observe the rule violation
          o Never use physical or mental abuse such as
                  Stopping bus and raising the windows on a hot day
                  Degrading student through verbal statements
                  Slamming brakes on bus to prove a point
          o Do not use vulgar words towards students
          o Do not curse at students
          o Avoid yelling--too much dilutes the effect of reprimand

Understanding various cultures
   Reasons certain groups act in certain ways
        o Family beliefs
        o Religious beliefs
        o Community influences
        o Ethnic beliefs
        o Peer group influences
   Understanding the beliefs of others
        o Do not belittle the individual's belief
        o Try to understand the individual
        o Do not force your values on the individual
        o Understand that everyone must follow rules

Understanding yourself as a driver
   The non-assertive driver:
        o Lets students misbehave
        o Does not know how to stop them
        o Backs down when challenged
        o Is afraid of students
        o Feels upset and overwhelmed
   The hostile driver:
        o Gets angry and yells at students
        o Threatens, but does not take action
        o Calls students names
        o Uses physical force
        o Harms students psychologically
   The assertive driver:
        o Is the boss on the bus

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          o   Says what he/she means and means what he/she says
          o   Clearly and firmly tells students exactly how he/she wants them to behave
          o   Stays calm and uses a normal tone of voice
          o   Has a plan of action when students do not behave




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Guidelines, Memos and Information
The following Guidelines, Memos and Informational sheets follow. You will be provided updates to this
information as it becomes available. When you do receive updates, please make sure you replace the old
information with new.
     Guidelines for Clean Buses
     Extra Work Guidelines
     Accident Review Committee Outline
     Railroad Crossings List
     Streets To Avoid
     School Zones To Avoid
     2-Way Radio Procedures
     Wireless Telephone Use Policy
     Bus Interior and Cleanliness
     CNG Fueling Station and Safety Procedures
     Hours of Duty and Duty Status
     Railroad and Trolley Crossing Clarification
     Fluids and Fueling
     Activity Trip Safety Talk
     Bus & Equipment Washing Procedures
     Designated Bus Stop Clarification
     Driver Expectations
     School Bus Idling Control Measure
     Controlled Substances and Alcohol Policy
     Absence Reporting System
     Worker’s Compensation Information
     Sexual Harassment
     Child Abuse Reporting Procedures
     Seven Minute Rule
Sample Reports/Forms:
    Daily Bus and Vehicle Condition Report
    Bus Conduct Report
    Accident Report
    Bus Driver Safety Problems




Revised August 13, 2008                   Section 16 Page 8            edf33d4d-65b9-4c53-ac8a-f142c57a3937.doc

				
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