"Drug Abuse Education Course"
Drug Abuse Education Course Master Sgt. Doug Oswald Assistant Drug Demand Reduction Administrator The facts about marijuana • Cannabis Sativa is the plant known as marijuana, hemp, weed, pot, etc. • The most widely used illicit drug in the U.S, about 6% of Americans, 14.6 million, are users. • Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive ingredient. • Made illegal in 1937, it was popularized as a recreational drug in the 60s. • Marijuana is psychologically addictive. Who Uses marijuana? • Males: 7.5% • Females: 6.2% • Age 12-17: 6.8% • Age 18-25: 16.6% • Age 26 & up: 4.1% • Employed full-time: 6.2% • Employed part-time: 8.5% • Unemployed: 14.5% • High School Drop-out: 6.6% • High School Graduate: 6.0% • Some College: 7.1% • College Graduate: 4.1% How Many Uses marijuana? • 13.3% are daily users. • 34.8% are using five times a week. • 74.2% of illicit drug users are using marijuana. – 54.5% use only marijuana. – 19.6% use marijuana and another illicit drug. The facts about marijuana • Today’s ‘pot’ is stronger than 60s era marijuana. • 60s & 70s era marijuana averaged about 1% THC compared to 6% today. • Some THC levels today range from 13% to 33%. The facts about marijuana • The marijuana plant contains 421 chemicals including THC and the same poisons and tars found in tobacco smoke. • The drug marijuana is a dead plant and it contains bacteria and fungus molds. • It can also contain contaminants like herbicide and be laced with other drugs like LSD & PCP. The facts about marijuana • Marijuana smoke contains 50-70% more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke. • Smoking one joint equals 3 to 5 times the carbon monoxide and tar as one cigarette. • Smoking five joints per week equals the carcinogens in smoking one pack of cigarettes per day. The facts about marijuana • The effects are felt within minutes of smoking, peak within 20 minutes, and last for two or three hours. • THC is stored in fatty tissue like the brain, liver and reproductive organs. • 2-3 days after use, 50% of the original dose is still present in those tissues. The facts about marijuana • It effects the parts of the brain involved in attention, learning, memory, motivation and emotions. • Users have more suicidal thoughts and are more likely to report symptoms of depression than those who never used. • Marijuana intoxication impairs driving and contributes to poor performance in school. Medical Marijuana • No medically prescribed drug is smoked because of the adverse health effects associated with smoking. • Marinol, a synthetic form of THC, is legally used to treat the nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy. • Safer and more effective medications already exist to treat pain, nausea and anorexia. Mixed Messages Marijuana Effects • Short Term: • Long Term: – Lack of coordination – Damages the pituitary gland – Loss of balance – Disorientation – Damages the respiratory – Increased heart rate system – Reddening of eyes – Weakens the immune system – Dilated pupils – Destroys brain cells – Droopy Eyelids – Slurred speech – Destroys serotonin – Hypotension – Birth defects – Drowsiness – Psychological and emotional – Hallucinations problems: retarded social skills, – Hunger “munchies” lack of motivation, reduced energy – Dry mouth and poor work performance