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					          Chapter Eighteen       Online Parent University Proposal

          A Partnership between the Online Parent University and Duncan City School

District to access community resources

          Linking with Duncan Adult Education

          And

          the Nursing Program at Duncan College;

          And

          The Early Childhood Program at Duncan College;

          And

          Child Development Program at Cal State Duncan.

          And

          Nursing Program at Cal State Duncan

          And

          All participating organizations to deliver Tutors for the New Careers

Tutoring/Employment Program for parents.

          Statement of Need

          This project grows from needs assessment data gathered in Duncan City School

District that there is an immediate need for tutoring and other forms of assistance for

schools with low State Index scores.

          We know from recent research that there is conclusive evidence that in-depth

parent involvement in classrooms leads to improved school performance of their children.
1
    It is further important to know that if parents are themselves involved in improving their


1
 Anne T. Henderson, and Nancy Berla, A New Generation of Evidence: The Family is Critical to Student
Achievement, ERIC Identifier ED375968, 1994.

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skills they will be more likely to understand the need to support their children by helping

do homework.

       We propose to focus not only on parent involvement in classrooms but parent

instruction of children in their home. To accomplish this we plan to operate the Online

Parent University which will have two goals. First, to train parents to help their children

to learn critical skills at home. Secondly, we believe that parents need to become

employed and to advance beyond minimum wage jobs in the local economy. The Online

Parent University seeks to provide the education and job training to make this possible

through collaboration with the organizations listed above.

       We further propose additional services for our children prior to kindergarten with

a focus on the help of parents, with foundation funding. In order to motivate parents to

seek a GED and other appropriate training we believe a Career Ladder system should be

established so that parents can see a clear path to increased income for their families. This

will require the participation of key entry level employers such as schools, hospitals,

County and City human service agencies, fast food restaurants, hotels and motels, banks

and dozens of others. Employers’ Training Resource could help parents from the Online

Parent University who are ready for entry level employment. The arrangements need to

indicate that parents will receive tutoring and mentoring to a) become employed; b) stay

employed; c) move up above minimum wage levels of responsibility.

       Experience in Providing Similar Services

       Duncan City School District has experience operating pre-kindergartens through

its Child and Family Development Office. We operate Even Start and the Parent

University with locations at East Hills Mall, Mercado Latino, and McKinley Elementary



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Schools. We are especially pleased to have the support of Duncan Adult Education, the

Nursing and Early Childhood Programs at Duncan College and the Child Development

and Nursing Programs at Cal State Duncan to make this program possible.

       We will provide new services (we are careful in this project not to budget for

services which exist at present) in the areas of anti-tobacco training, family planning,

prenatal care, parent (health) education, pediatric care, and early intervention services

(focusing on disabilities).

       This project focuses on other areas of services as well, including mental health,

nutrition, dental, vision services with differing levels of training to provide support to low

income children and families. We see Nursing students being utilized to a) deliver health

instruction, b) provide prevention training and c) gather data and carry out program

evaluations.

       Mission Statement

       We will train parents to help their children to learn critical skills at home using a

combination of our present instructional delivery systems in the existing Parent

University and the new Online Parent University.

       Secondly, we believe that parents themselves need to become employed and to

advance beyond minimum wage jobs in the local economy. We will offer Job Training

for Parents. Each of our four locations will begin offering Mentoring and Employment

Training to the parents of the participating children. These services will be offered at first

on a non-credit basis and later for credit. Students would initially complete their high

school equivalency diploma and then begin work on their Associate of Arts Degree. We

will place them in an appropriate level of employment at the earliest opportunity.



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       We will help parents learn to develop pre-reading and oral language instructional

skills as they assist their children to use an increasingly complex and varied vocabulary.

We will seek to help parents guide their children as they develop and demonstrate an

appreciation of books and, in the case of non-English background children, progress

toward acquisition of the English language.

       Related to this effort is our plan to create an education and health data base of

participating children and their parents. This in turn will become part of the Online Parent

University Profiles, which will be updated two times a year.

       Objectives of the Online Parent University

       Parents will help staff to implement:

                  Screening and Assessment

       Use of a Standardized Screening Tool for preschool children;

       Use of a full Child Observation Record kit; and,

       Implementation of Lesson Plans including individualizing of instruction and daily

notes to make up a comprehensive file.

       Also

       Daily monitoring of each center and classroom using a Health and Safety

checklist; and,

       Evaluation of each classroom and play environment using, as appropriate, the

following procedures:

       Children will be screened using the FirstSTEP Screening Test for Evaluating

Preschoolers for Ages 2.5 to 6, which uses such tasks as picture completion, visual

position in space, problem solving and auditory discrimination to determine skill levels in



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the following areas:

       Cognitive, Language, Motor, Social-Emotional, Adaptive Behavior, and Parent-

Teacher Communication.

       This would be followed by the High Scope Child Observation Record for Ages

2.5 to 6 years and, later, the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale, a program

evaluation tool. Categories for these instruments are seen under the Program Evaluation

section later in the proposal. These are proven instruments and have been used for years

with Head Start children throughout the Country.

               Health Profiles

       Many of the families that will participate in this project have unmet health needs,

especially dental problems. The Profiles will contain information about each parent and

her/his family’s progress in dental care, anti-tobacco training, family planning, prenatal

care, parent education, child care, pediatric care, early childhood education services, and

early intervention services (focusing on disabilities). These Profiles will be updated at the

beginning and end of each school year in Phase 1 of the project. More frequent updates

may occur later in the Project.

               Education Profiles

       Develop phonemic, print and numeracy awareness;

       Understand and use oral language to communicate for different purposes;

       Understand and use increasingly complex and varied vocabulary;

       Develop and demonstrate an appreciation of books; and,

       In the case of non-English background children, progress toward acquisition of

the English language.



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       We will create the Online Parent University Mentoring Program. It will assist

Parent University Parents at our four Centers to prepare for, obtain and maintain

successful employment and further education through job and personal development

mentoring. Mentoring will be carried out by work-study students from colleges that will

help existing and new entry level employees move toward living wage positions.

       With respect to employment we will help parents:

       >Obtain a high school equivalency diploma

       >Obtain entry level employment

       >Increase training and experience

       >Retain employment

       The Online Parent University will work with participating institutions to see that a

variety of faculty and students are recruited to provide the services listed above. A key

concept will be "training of trainers" where more skilled individuals train those who are

learning new skills and understandings.

       Parent education is enhanced by adding options that lead to a career path,

including opportunity to improve their English language skills, if needed, and to complete

a high school equivalency program. We will work to develop cohorts of parents who can

support each other in these classes. We will also create a Mentoring & Employment

Program to provide group and individual help to these parents. The courses will be

offered by the participating educational institutions.

       Adult Education and Community College Involvement With the Online Parent

University


       Overview:

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       It is proposed that an online program be developed to offer training through

Duncan Adult Education and Duncan College programs for Online Parent University

parents. This program would build online aspects into the many existing courses listed

below. The cost of online development would be covered in part by the Average Daily

Attendance funding available for courses that qualify for listing with Duncan Adult

Education and Duncan College. This would be done at the Centers where parents would

have internet access. Courses leading to a high school equivalency diploma or test of

General Educational Development (GED) will be offered. Instruction in parenting would

be offered by non- credit programs and health and early childhood classes would be

offered by credit programs through Duncan College. Additional classes in areas where

entry level jobs are available would be made available. Courses would typically include

both classroom and online segments for beginning students. More experienced students

may elect to use online only courses already available and others as they are developed.

       Courses at Cal State Duncan would be at both the undergraduate and graduate

levels and would serve parents who qualify to take them as well as teachers and other

school staff who wish to learn more about effective parent involvement in schools. Some

of these courses are now available online, some have online aspects and others can be

developed with online or online segments.

       Courses in parent education and parent involvement can be developed, both from

segments of existing courses and from materials available in Appendix A.

       Proposal

       NON-CREDIT ELEMENT: Non-credit programs through Duncan Adult

Education will be offered. They will present a program for Online Parent University



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parents leading to a GED and/or offer parenting classes. English classes would also be

included. These classes will be bilingual as needed. Existing courses are as follows:

       The Duncan City School District Parent University is offering eight parenting

programs this Fall, 2001. In addition, the Family Literacy Program is offering ESL, GED,

Citizenship Preparation, and Computer Classes.

       Active Parenting A Six Week Video-Based Program In English and Spanish

       This state of the art, video-based program has already benefited millions of

families in the United States. Parents are provided with the skills that will help them

develop cooperation, responsibility, courage and self-esteem in their children. This

program is most appropriate for parents of two through twelve-year-olds.

       Active Parenting of Teens A Six Week Video-Based Program In English and

Spanish

       This program is geared to help parents prepare their teens and preteens for the

challenges of early adulthood. Parents will learn how to gain cooperation from your

teenager and avoid common teen conflicts. Each session also includes valuable

information on how to address critical issues such as drug and alcohol use, teen sexuality,

and violence.

       Confident Parenting A Ten Week Program In English

       The social learning approach is used in this theory-based program. Parents will

learn how to create a positive atmosphere in their homes. It also teaches effective limit-

setting procedures so parents will not feel victimized by their children's misbehaviors.

Parents will learn the skills of effective praising, effective ignoring, mild social




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punishment, "time-out" procedures for misbehavior, and how to set up special incentive

systems.

        Confident Parenting 11 - The Reunification Program: A Ten Week

Program In English and Spanish

        This program is designated for parents who are required to take

parenting classes. It follows the regular Confident Parenting Program in

addition to required components that satisfy the Reunification Program

criteria.

        Developing Capable People A Ten Week Program In English and

Spanish

        This program is designed for parents and school staff members. It

teaches effective strategies and techniques to help reduce family conflicts,

promote better family management, encourage children to be responsible

for their actions, develop strong beliefs in personal capability and

communicate more effectively.

        Los Nihos Bien Educados A Twelve Week Program In English and

Spanish

        This program is designed specifically for parents who are Spanish-

speaking and parents of Hispanic origin. It teaches a series of child

management skills within a value system that is particularly Hispanic-

raising children to be "bien educados." Traditional role, gender, and age

expectations, types of cultural adjustments, and other issues pertinent to

Hispanic parenting in the United States are covered.



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        Effective Black Parenting A Twelve Week Program In English

        This culturally sensitive program was developed specifically for

African-American parents. It teaches an achievement orientation to

African-American parenting, including the "Path to the Pyramid of

Success for Black Children," special coverage of such issues as Pride in

Blackness, and specific child management and communication skills.

        MegaSkills       A Ten Week Program In English and Spanish

        MegaSkills have been called the "inner engines of learning." They

are qualities, skills, and attitudes needed for success. This program is

designed to help parents help their children succeed in school and beyond

by helping them learn the basic values, attitudes, and behaviors that

determine success.

        Beginning ESL- This course is for students who cannot

read or write in either their native language or in English. It is also

for students who are literate in their native language, but speak

little or no English. The course is designed for students who have

limited abilities to communicate their needs by using simple

phrases and sentences.

        Intermediate ESL - This course is designed to strengthen

communication skills for work or social settings, and to enable students

to comfortably participate in community activities. It is also designed to

teach students to follow written directions, comprehend conversations

containing unfamiliar vocabulary, participate in face-to-face

conversations, and make themselves understood.


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       Computer Introduction - The most popular class for

beginning computer users. We start from "This is the ON button"

and build up from there. Using the popular software program

Microsoft Works 4.0, this course provides a student with those

basic skills to operate their own computers, as well as prepare them

for more advanced studies.

       Computer Ms Word Internet This class in the WS OFFICE

sequence is state of the art word-processing. Excellent preparation

for other software in the WS OFFICE sequence such as IVIS

EXCEL, IVIS POWERPOINT, & IVIS ACCESS. Also, learn how

to explore the World Wide Web. Find information and products

from all over the world. You will learn how to connect to the

internet, how to send and receive e-mail from your friends. Surfing

cyberspace should be no more difficult than changing the channels

on your TV. Recommend "Computer Introduction" be taken as a

preparatory course.

       Citizenship Preparation - If you have been a legal resident

for five years or more, you may be eligible to apply for U.S.

Citizenship. The Citizenship Preparation course will assist students

in completing the citizenship application (N400 form) and in

preparing for the written examination (the Basic Citizenship Skills

Examination) and oral interview with I.N.S. You must attend an

orientation meeting before beginning the class. .



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       Ged Classes - Must be 18 years or older to enroll in this

class. Reading, writing, math, history, and science are the five

subjects covered in this class to prepare you for the GED test.

Passing the GED is an equivalent to a high school diploma. Taking

the GED class is also suggested for those students who need 50 or

more credits to earn a diploma.

       CREDIT ELEMENT: Duncan College will offer instruction in appropriate health

care, early childhood education and other areas where employment is possible.

       ENROLLMENT ASSUMPTIONS: It is assumed that the three Centers will enroll

approximately 75 parents in the pilot program. They would probably take either basic

education and/or health and childhood classes. In addition, a Mentoring & Employment

Program for all Online Parent University parents will serve parents in class size cohorts

of 25 and could eventually serve hundreds of parents as Mentors are found.

       It is estimated that about half of these parents would be interested in the GED

program. About two-thirds of these parents would need English classes. It is assumed all

parents would enroll in parenting and child development classes. Duncan College could

offer course work in basic health care with special emphasis against the use of alcohol,

drugs and tobacco. It would also offer work in Early Childhood Education.

       FINANCES: While the Online Parent University Proposal Grant will cover

administrative salaries and supplies, teachers salaries would be paid for by the College

and financed by claiming of ADA reimbursements. This is more advantageous to the

College than direct payment for courses from the grant.

       Community and Parent Involvement


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       The Online Parent University will have an Advisory Committee which will

provide input from the community and parents to guide the Project. Appendix F,

Advisory Committee, provides a list of the members. In order to be sensitive to

community cultural diversity and the needs of the various populations served by the

Center a variety ethnic and income groups are represented.

       Program Evaluation

       Children will be screened using the FirstSTEP Screening Test for Evaluating

Preschoolers, which uses such tasks as picture completion, visual position in space,

problem solving and auditory discrimination to determine whether the child might have a

disability. This would be followed by the High Scope Child Observation Record for Ages

2.5 to 6 years and, later, the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale, a program

evaluation tool. We would also use Performance Indicators such as those seen below.

       Evaluation Objectives

       Use of a Standardized Screening Tool;

       Use of a full Child Observation Record kit; and,

       Lesson Plans including individualizing and daily notes to make up a

comprehensive file.

       Also

       Daily monitoring of each center and classroom using a Health and Safety

checklist; and,

       Evaluation of each classroom and outdoor play environment using the Early

Childhood Environment Rating Scale.

       Also



                                           206
       Develop phonemic, print and numeracy awareness;

       Understand and use oral language to communicate for different purposes;

       Understand and use increasingly complex and varied vocabulary;

       Develop and demonstrate an appreciation of books; and,

       In the case of non-English background children, progress toward acquisition of

the English language.

       In addition to the preceding items, educational performance measures have been

established to ensure children:

       Know that letters of the alphabet are a special category of visual graphics that can

be individually named;

       Recognize a word as a unit of print;

       Identify at least 10 letters of the alphabet; and,

       Associate sounds with written words.

       Health Objectives; Assess to insure the following have been carried out:

       Administration of immunization requirements for preschool entry

       Administration of inhaled medication

       Provide information about the following:

       Substance abuse reduction (ATOD)

       Healthy/safe environments

       Availability of health/nutrition education

       Also

       Reduce preventable causes of:

       Death/infant mortality/injury



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       Disability/chronic illness

       Child abuse/neglect; domestic violence

       Parent Participants will be assessed to see to what extent English language

competence, level of education, and job experience affect the levels of support needed to

be successful in: 1) life skills: 2) self advocacy; 3) gaining employment; 4) retaining

employment once achieved; and 5) moving to additional training and higher level

income.

       Evaluation will be an important function and an integral part of program

implementation both on the formal and informal levels. The results based model will

consist of the following ongoing steps:

       Clarify the intent of the evaluation program as required

       Design data procedures based on measurable outcomes

       Collect data

       Summarize, Analyze data

       Determine program results

       Report data to specified audiences

       Review and modify

       Evaluation Procedures

       The evaluation of all children in participating programs utilize clear standards and

focus upon both process (are the steps taken to achieve outcomes conducive to program

success?), and product (how well is the program accomplishing its specified objectives?).

Because the evaluation is designed to be cyclical, so as to provide continuous feedback to

the program, it will provide a formative evaluation process.



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