TECHNICAL GUIDELINES FOR TEST CONSTRUCTION
Is Essential Knowledge Being Tested?
The meaning of the item should be clear.
Items should NOT be in verbatim textbook language.
There should be ONE clearly correct (or Best) answer.
All Parts of All Distractersshould be Wrong
Make distracters as homogeneous as possible.
All options should be plausible.
Place repetitive phrases in the stem.
Avoid Trick or Catch questions.
Write items as briefly as possible.
Reading difficulty level should be kept relatively low for general ability
but as high as needed for technical language testing.
The stem should present the problem clearly and concisely in question or
Teaching information should NOT be included in the stem.
Eliminate the use of “multiple-multiple” choice items.
For completion items, place the blank at the end of the statement.
For situational items, ask what the student SHOULD do (rather than
what they WOULD do).
AVOID NEGATIVELY STATED ITEMS.
AVOID “All of the Above” &“None of the Above”
Use client names rather than initials.
Or refer to them as the “client” or “patient”
Do not use humorous client names.
Avoid irrelevant clueing. (grammatical)
All items should contain the same number of responses. Except:
Remains the Same
Numerical Responses Should Be Placed In Increasing Or Decreasing
The correct response should be the equivalent in length to the other
Use specific determiners (Always, Never) ONLY WITH CARE.
Arrange the options for each item in a systematic manner so that the
correct response is randomized.
HINTS FOR MATCHING
Shorter Responses Listed on Right
Alphabetize Column II
Label the Columns
Use of an Extra Item in Column II
HINTS FOR TRUE-FALSE ITEMS
Be sure each item is Unequivocally “True” or “False”
Use slightly more “False” than “True” items.
AVOID “Universals” / “Specific Determiners”
Ex: Always Never
AVOID Qualifying Statements.
Ex: Usually Under most circumstances
AVOID ambiguous or indefinite terms of degree or amount.
AVOID the use of negatives.
Limit the items to a single idea.
Keep “true” and “false” statements equal in length.