Battle of Britain.ppt by 2sGRZLZ

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									When the Battle Started
 The   battle started on June 10, 1940 but the
  real air war didn’t start until August 12,
  1940.
 It involved the British (RAF) against the
  Germans (Luftwaffe)
 The Luftwaffe attacked radar stations and
  airfields
What Happened?
   The focus was on military targets, factories, and
    ports
   After an allied plane (British) bombed Berlin,
    Germany started to focus its air raids on London.
       Nightly attacks were designed to destroy the British will to
        resist.
       Thousands were killed but Londoners were determined to
        resist.
   Children were evacuated to the countryside and
    spent their nights in bomb shelters and subways.
Why did Britain and
Germany Fight?
    Hitler decided that he would try and take
    over Britain after he took over France.
    His plan was to take over the world and at
    the time Britain was the biggest threat to
    Germany
   If Hitler could defeat Britain then he would
    become the ruler of the world.
THE KEY PLAYERS
    ADOLF HITLER
   Leader of Germany (Nazi
    party)
   Responsible for starting WWII &
    the deaths of over 30 million
    people.
   After taking over France turned
    his attention on the RAF. (Royal
    Air Force)
   He wanted Germany to be the
    leading country of the world.
    WINSTON CHURCHILL
 The Prime Minister of Great
  Britain
 Lead Britain during the
  Second World War
 His political career started in
  1900 & ended in 1964
SPITFIRE SUMMER
    The battle was fought over the skies
    southern England and it became known
    as the “spitfire battle”.
       June and July Germans attacked convoys off
        the south coast ports of Dover and Plymouth.
       Though out numbered at the beginning the
        Brits had some advantages like radar.
       The most advanced warning system in the
        world.
BATTLE INTENSIFIES
    In August 1940 the terrifying battles
    intensified.
    The Luftwaffe began launching attacks
    more than 1,000 in one day.
       the RAF lost 100 fighters.
       Germany lost more than 190 planes.
Sustained Attack
    RAF sustained heavy losses but the German
    losses were greater.
    By the end of the month the Germans had lost
    600 aircraft.
       damage to the radar stations had left Britain very
        vulnerable.
       air installations had continued then the eventful
        outcome could have been so different.
   Hitler shifted the focus of his attacks.
CITIES TARGETED
   In September 1940 Britain launched air attacks
    on some of Germanys industrial areas
       this angered Hitler
   On September 7th he ordered the Luftwaffe to
    bomb British cities.
   The Luftwaffe changed tactics and shifted their
    attacks away from Britain's air defense.
PROPAGANDA
 Germany attacked more then 1,000 aircraft on September
    15th.
   Heavy fighting and later became commemorated as battle of
    Britain day.
    The RAF said they shot down 175 aircraft but really it was
    only 56 German aircraft.
    The inflated numbers were accepted at the time as both
    sides fought propaganda battle as well as a military war.
    The spit war was coming to its end.
GERMAN TACTICS
   Attacks on British cities caused widespread
    damage and loss of life.
   Bombers were shot down faster then they
    could be manufactured.
    Hitler needed summer weather, so as
    winter approached the threat of invasion
    receded.
THE AIRCRAFTS USED IN
THE BATTLE
   Henkel 111- slow.
   Lumbering: easy to shoot down with a
    pitifully small bomb load.
   Messerschmitt 109: fast, dangerous,
    especially its cannon.
   They used lots of cannons and machine
    guns up in the air.
IN THE END!
   Hitler failed to establish air superiority.
   The fleet of invasion barges assembled
    in French ports suffered heavy losses in
    RAF bomber attacks.
    Battle was over and Britain was safe.
   Winston Churchill said:
       “ never was so much owed
         by so many to so few”
RESULTS FOR BRITAIN
AFTER THE BATTLE
 The RAF lost 902 aircraft compared to the
Lufwaffe who lost 1598
 The British could consider themselves still the
most powerful country in the world
 With their development of radar they could
track the Germans
  They learned how to crack the German code to
intercept there plans in the future against
them.
Results of the Battle for
Germany
    1598 Luftwaffe were shot down.
     They began to try to take over Russia
    instead.
    The end of the battle on Britain gave the
    Luftwaffe enough time to make up sum of
    there loses.
Who Won The Battle?
    Hitler decided to withdraw from Britain on
    September 17 but he didn’t stop fighting
    them until October 31, 1940
    As a result Germany was not able to
    defeat Britain and had to pull back.
   (Germany would now focus on the Soviets,
    [invade Russia] which violated the Nazi-
    Soviet Pact)

								
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