Knowledge and Understanding of the World
Reference Stepping Stone
1a/b (i) Show curiosity and interest by facial expression, movement or sound.
(ii) Show curiosity, observe and manipulate objects.
Describe simple features of objects and events.
(iii) Examine objects and living things to find out more about them.
1a Investigate objects and materials by using all of their senses as
1b Find out about, and identify, some features of living things, objects
and events they observe.
1c/d (i) Explore objects
Show an interest in why things happen and how things work.
(ii) Sort objects by one function.
Talk about what is seen and what is happening.
(iii) Notice and comment on patterns.
Show an awareness of change.
1c Look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change.
1d Ask questions about why things happen and how things work.
2a/b (i) Investigate construction materials.
Realise tools can be used for a purpose.
(ii) Join construction pieces together to build and balance.
Begin to try out a range of tools and techniques safely.
(iii) Construct with a purpose in mind, using a variety of resources.
Use simple tools and techniques competently and appropriately.
2a Build and construct with a wide range of objects, selecting appropriate
resources, and adapting their work where necessary.
2b Select the tools and techniques they need to shape, assemble and join
materials they are using.
3 (i) Show an interest in ICT
(ii) Know how to operate simple equipment.
(iii) Complete a simple program on the computer and/or perform simple
functions on ICT apparatus.
3 Find out about and identify the uses of everyday technology and use
information and communication technology and programmable toys
to support their learning.
4 (i) Remember and talk about significant things that have happened to
(ii) Show interest in the lives of people familiar to them.
Begin to differentiate between past and present.
4 Find out about past and present events in their own lives, and in those
of their families and other people they know.
5a/b (i) Show an interest in the world in which they live.
(ii) Comment and ask questions about where they live and the natural
Notice differences between features of the local environment.
5a Observe, find out about and identify features in the place they live and
the natural world.
5b Find out about their environment, and talk about those features they
like and dislike.
6 (i) Express feelings about a significant personal event.
(ii) Describe significant events for family or friends.
(iii) Gain an awareness of the cultures and beliefs of others.
6 Begin to know about their own cultures and beliefs and those of other