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					                 PAST SIMPLE — prétérit simple
   Affirmation             Négation              Interrogation
           We        I did not    we did     did I      did we
I looked
           looked    look         not look   look?      look?
you        You       you did      you did    did you    did you
looked     looked    not look     not look   look?      look?
he                   he did                  did he
looked               not look                look?
she        They      she did      they did   did she    did they
looked     looked    not look     not look   look?      look?
it                   it did not              did it
looked               look                    look?


           PAST PROGRESSIVE — prétérit progressif
   Affirmation             Négation             Interrogation
I was      we were   I was        we were    was I      were we
looking    looking   not          not        looking?   looking?
                     looking      looking
you        You                         were you were you
were       were      you were you were looking? looking?
looking    looking   not      not
                                       was he
                     looking  looking
he was                                 looking?
looking              he was                     were
                                       was she
        They         not                        they
she was                                looking?
        were         looking                    looking?
looking
        looking                        was it
                     she was they
it was                                 looking?
                     not      were not
looking
                     looking  looking
                     it was
                     not
                     looking

Notes
     Pour les verbes réguliers, on forme le prétérit simple en
      ajoutant -ed à la base verbale (c'est-à-dire, à l'infinitif
      sans 'to'). Voici une liste des verbes irréguliers.
     Avant d'ajouter -ing ou -ed, il faut doubler la consonne
      finale si les deux conditions suivantes sont remplies:
         o le verbe se termine par une seule voyelle suivie d'une
            seule consonne,
         o la dernière syllabe est accentuée, ou il n'y a qu'une
            syllabe — pour savoir si la dernière syllabe est
            accentuée ou non, il faut consulter un dictionnaire.



Emploi

Past Simple

Le Past Simple (prétérit simple) s'emploie pour:

     parler d'une action, événement, ou état qui a eu lieu dans
      une période de temps qui est terminée et où il n'y a pas
      de lien avec le présent. Il est souvent employé avec un
      complément de temps (Ex. yesterday, last night, in 1999,
      10 years ago):
         o I watched the film on TV last night. - J'ai regardé le
            film à la télé hier soir. Ici, on ne s'intéresse qu'au
            passé (hier soir).
         o I saw that film a long time ago. - J'ai vu ce film il y a
            longtemps.
     raconter les événements dans une narration:
         o The vampire got out of his coffin and walked towards
            us. - Le vampire est sorti de son cercueil et s'est
            approché de nous.
     S'il y a un lien avec le présent, il faut employer le Present
      Perfect.

Past Progressive (or Continuous)

Le Past Progressive (prétérit progressif ou continu) s'emploie
pour:
     parler d'une action qui était en train de se dérouler à un
      certain moment du passé:
        o I was watching TV when the phone rang. - J'étais en
           train de regarder la télé quand le téléphone a sonné.
           Au moment où le téléphone a sonné, j'étais en train
           de regarder la télévision. Le Past Progressive
           ressemble donc à l'imparfait français.
     décrire la scène dans une narration:
        o Dracula's helpers were moving his coffin to a new
           location. - Les assistants de Dracula étaient en train
           de déplacer (ou déplaçaient) son cercueil à un nouvel
           endroit. Ici, on décrit le contexte ou la situation; pour
           parler ensuite des événements, on emploie le Past
           Simple.

           EXERCICE

Répondez aux questions et cliquez sur Correct. Notez qu'il y a
aussi une leçon sur le Present Perfect.

  1. According to the police, the
     robber                   through a back window.
  2. So far, the police                     no one.
  3. The victims                       at the police station later
     that afternoon.
  4. The FBI                   a reward for information leading
     to the capture of the terrorists.
  5. During the robbery, one of the robbers                      a
     bank employee.
  6.                   to Rome?
  7. I                 there once a long time ago.
  8. Mary             there three times in the last ten years.
  9.                     the new Woody Allen movie?
  10.     No, I                    it yet.
  11.     I                   TV when the phone rang.
  12.     Mark                          English for a number of
     years.
  13.    The Prime Minister                to reduce the
    price of petrol.
  14.    I                  him yet today.
  15.    Recently I                  very well.

EXERCICE

Répondez aux questions et cliquez sur Correct. Notez qu'il y a
aussi une leçon sur le Present Perfect.

  1. It's 9 A.M.;          (the postman, to come) yet this
     morning?
  2.                   (I, never, to visit, Rome) in my whole life.
  3. When I was a teenager              (I, to play) football every
     Saturday afternoon.
  4. No,         (I, not to see) that film yet.
  5. This year there           (to be) a lot of traffic accidents in
     this country.
  6. My dog           (to run away) while I was walking him in
     the park.
  7. My keys are missing:             (you to see) them?
  8. I can't do it;         (I, already, to try) it several times.
  9. When I asked him for time off,              (he, to say) "No".
  10.             (you, to eat, ever) caviar?

                               Correct

				
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abdenbi touati abdenbi touati
About I always look and try to invent