FROM THE HISTORY OF
1. In which language family do the ultimate origins of the
English language lie?
2. What is the most famous surviving work from the Old
English period, the epic poem composed by an unknown
poet, which is thought to have been substantially
modified, probably by Christian clerics long after its
3. During the Middle English period which two languages
were many words borrowed from?
Latin and French
4. Who said this about the English language in 1582:
“The English tongue is of small reach stretching no
further than this island of ours, nay not there over
Richard Mulcaster, Нeadmaster of the Merchant
Taylors’ School, teacher of prosody to Edmund
Spenser and one of the earliest of English
5. What was the most significant English dictionary of
the 17th century?
Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary of the English
6. Which of these, which took place mainly during the
15th century, is Modern English often dated from?
Great Vowel Shift
7. The English language is conventionally divided into
three historical periods. In which of these periods did
William Shakespeare write his plays?
8. How many people spoke English spoken in the 16th
4 – 5 million people
9. What place did English take among other European
languages in the 16th century?
It stood fifth among the European languages, with
French, German, Italian and Spanish ahead of it in
that order, and Russian following.
10. When did English force its way into the first place
in the world?
By the end of the eighteenth century
ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL LANGUAGE
260, 000, 000 native speakers of English
countries use English in their air
157 traffic control
100, 000, 000 people use American or British
75% of telexes, telegrams, letters and
postcards in English
10, 000 newspapers in English
3, 000 of these publications are in India
80% of the world’s computer data is in
427 million people speak English
today as their everyday tongue
86% of the Internet is in English
1. The idea of correct or proper FALSE – It’s100
way to speak English is 150 years old.
2. It first echoed round FALSE – It first
English churches. echoed around schools’
play-grounds of Eton,
3. RP is often called ‘BBC Harrow and
English’ or ‘Queen English’. Winchester.
4. It symbolizes a person’s TRUE
high position in society. FALSE – It used to.
5. People using RP are
thought to be more TRUE
trustworthy and better
6. RP is used as widely today FALSE
as it was 50 years ago.
7. The influence of this FALSE - Its influ-
variety of English is ence is declining
8. It is the standard accent of
the Royal Family,
Parliament, the Church of
England, the High Courts.
9. RP is used more by
foreigners than native
FALSE – It is
speakers. spoken by less
10. About 30% of the than 3 per cent of
British people speak RP in British people
Have you seen Carmen already?
I’ve got a new car.
Go to the end of the road and turn left.
We work here Monday to Friday.
It’s twenty past four.
Come and take a look.
My car’s got a flat.
Can I have a check?
When I go someplace.
Put the suitcases in the trunk.
She looks real cute.
He studies Math.
Whatever. – I don’t care.
That guy acts postal. – He’s crazy.
That party was really fly! – It was cool!
Are you kidding? – Is this a joke?
The movie was lame. – It was boring and
Man, that sucks! – It is really bad.
You’re so Obama! –You’re very cool and
THE ERA OF
1. Prime Minister Nero declared
this should be the state a. Creole
language of India as an
independent country b. Hindi
2. the number of people in India
who speak English (mln) c. Lingua
3. the number of African
countries that have retained
English since the colonization
4. The name of English used in
Africa e. 70
5. The role of English in Africa
THE PROSPECTS OF ENGLISH
1. It looks to be certain that English will
remain the world language for the
forseeable future, unless there’s some
cataclysmic political change, for
instance, supposing a nuclear winter
came along and all, literally all
Americans were turned into blocks of
cindered ice, and there were no
American speakers left, clearly the
situation would change dramatically.
2. I think it’s a glorious language. I
think it’s growing, it’s getting more
expressive, it’s getting more global,
getting more accepted around the
world as a second language.
3. Supposing there is some kind of
stability, political stability into the
distant future, American English
seems to be winning hands down, and
will remain, American English, not
British English, will remain as the
major global form of English into the
4. The dominance of English will become
less in future. Spanish (the world’s 4th
language) is growing in importance,
and as China is becoming more
powerful, more people are learning
Mandarin (it will soon be on the UK
curriculum, for example.)
5. The position of English as the Internet
language of e-business is going to
weaken, because there is urgent
necessity to create multi-lingual
websites for successful; online trade.
6. We can say that over the centuries the
consonant system of English has been
relatively stable. There haven’t been a
great number of changes, and I don’t
suppose there will be.
7. English will be the most important
language of learning, it will remain ‘the
window of the world’ so far as science
and learning are concerned.