投影片1 - TeacherWeb.ppt

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					Unit 10
• Underneath the huge Paris Opera House
  was a dark lake. In the middle of the lake
  was an island, and on the island lived the
  lonely Phantom.

• 在巨大的巴黎歌劇院下方有一個陰暗的湖。湖
  中央有一個島,島上住著寂寞的魅影。
1. Adverbial Phrase + be/V + S
「主詞+動詞(表狀態)+副詞片語(adverbial
  phrase)」的句型可改為倒裝句,即「副詞片語+
  動詞+主詞」。
• 1. A cat lies under the table.
•       S V Adv. Phrase
• Under the table lies a cat. (桌下躺著一隻貓。)
•       Adv. Phrase V S
• By the river stood a small church.
• (河邊座落著一座小教堂。)
• In the box was an expensive watch.
• (盒子裡是隻名貴的錶。)
•   1. 島上住著寂寞的魅影(Phantom)。
•   On the island lived the lonely Phantom.
•   2. Allen的身旁坐著一個老太太。
•     Beside Allen sits an old lady.
•   3. 花瓶(vase)裡有好幾朵玫瑰花。
•   In the vase are several roses.
• The Phantom had a face that ( which?) looked
  horrible ( looking horrible ?) and ugly, so he
  wore a mask all the time and hid himself from
  the world. However, under the mask was a
  lonely soul with a great love of music.
• 魅影有一張看起來恐怖而醜陋的臉,所以他總是
  戴著面具,將自己躲藏於世界之外。然而,面具
  之下有著一個熱愛音樂的寂寞靈魂。
• hide, hid, hid
• Wear, wore, worn
  2. so... 所以,因此
** so為表示結果的對等連接詞。
   therefore和as a result也是「因此」的意思,做副詞
   用,所以前面必需加上連接詞and才能連接兩個句子。
• 1. Dorothy is my best friend, so/and
   therefore/and as a result I will give her a hand
   when she's in need.
• (Dorothy是我最好的朋友,因此在她需要幫助的時候
   我會伸出援手。)
• 2. Mary is trying to lose weight, so/and
   therefore/and as a result she avoids eating too
   much. Mary正試著減肥,因此她避免過量的飲食。)
• ______ 1. The Phantom had a face that
     D
  looked horrible and ugly, _______ he wore a
  mask all the time and hid himself from the
  world.
• (A) but      (B) once     (C) if       (D) so
• ______ 2. Brown had a headache,
    B
  __________ he went to see a doctor.
• (A) therefore (B) so        (C) as a result
  (D)so that
• ______ 3. I have no money, and __________
      D
  I can't buy anything.
• (A) however      (B) besides     (C) so     (D)
  therefore
 with + N 有著…(的特質)的人或物
• 說 明 with + N做形容詞片語時,相當於形容詞子句
  "who/that/which + has/have + N"。
• 例 句 1. John is a man with a kind heart.
• John is a man who has a kind heart. (John是一個善
  良的人。)
• (那個有緞帶的盒子是給你的禮物。)
• 2. The box with a ribbon is a present for you.
• The box that/which has a ribbon is a present for you.
• _____ 1. Under the mask was a lonely soul
    B
  __________ a great love of music.
• (A) of     (B) with     (C) to     (D) on
• ______ 2. Judy's pet, Lucky, is a cute dog
      C
  __________ short legs.
• (A) has     (B) had      (C) with    (D) who has
• Late at night, the Phantom often stood
  behind a secret wall and sang to a
  beautiful opera singer, Christine, with
  his magical voice. Since Christine
  couldn’t see him, she thought that he
  was an angel.
• 深夜的時候,魅影常常站在祕牆後,用他
  神奇的嗓音,對著美麗的歌劇女伶克莉絲
  汀唱歌。因為克莉絲汀看不到魅影,她以
  為他是個天使。
• Sing, sang, sung
4. Since         既然…;因為…
since、because、as均可表示為「因為」的從屬連接詞。
• 例 句 1. Since you are very tired, you had better take
  a rest.
• (既然你很累,你最好休息一下。)
• 2. Since there was a typhoon, we cancelled our picnic.
• (因為有颱風,我們取消了野餐。)
• 1. 因為Christine看不到魅影,她以為他是個天使。
• __________ Christine couldn't see the Phantom, she
  thought that he was an angel.
• Since
• 2. 既然外面下大雨,我們就留在家裡看電視吧。
• __________ it is raining hard outside, let's stay at
  home and watch TV.
• Since
• One day, the managers of the Opera House
  found strange notes from the Phantom.
  Because he was falling in love with Christine,
  he asked the managers to give her the lead
  role in an upcoming opera. The managers
  thought that the notes were a joke as they
  couldn’t see the Phantom and didn’t believe he
  was real.
• 有一天,歌劇院的經理們發現魅影留的奇怪
  字條。因為他愛上了克莉絲汀,便要求經理們讓克
  莉絲汀在即將演出的歌劇中擔任主角。經理們以為
  這些字條是個玩笑,因為他們看不見魅影,不相信
  他是真實存在的。
  5. S + Vt (give/buy/tell/ask/order...)
               + IO + DO
  →S + Vt (give/buy/tell/ask/order...)
          + DO + prep. + IO
• 「主詞+及物動詞+間接受詞(人) +直接受詞(物)」的句型可替換
  為「主詞+及物動詞+直接受詞(物) +介系詞+間接受詞(人)」。這
  種接兩個受詞的及物動詞稱為「授與動詞」。授與動詞中要搭配
  介系詞to的有give、tell、send、deliver、show、lend、bring
  等;使用介系詞for的則有buy、make、order、get等;接of的
  有ask。
• 例 句1. Sammy gave me a wonderful present.
•       Vt Io      DO
• Sammy gave a wonderful present to me.
•       Vt    DO    prep.IO
• (Sammy送給我一個很棒的禮物。)
• 2. My father bought me a new car.
• My father bought a new car for me.
         (我父親買一台新車給我。)
• 3. I asked our teacher a question.
• I asked a question of our teacher.
• (我問我們老師一個問題。)
• 1. He asked the managers to give her the
  lead role in an upcoming opera.
• → He asked the managers to give the lead
  role __________ her in an upcoming opera.
        to
• 2. Paul sent me a letter.
• →Paul sent a letter __________ me.
                           to
• 3. 我的母親為我做了(make)一件新洋裝。
    My mother made me a new dress
     My mother made a new dress for me
• However, on the night of the opera, strange
  things happened. First, one of the best opera
  singers lost her voice during the performance.
  Then, a man was killed when nobody was
  around. Before the opera ended, a large
  chandelier suddenly fell from the ceiling.
  Everyone in the Opera House was horrified,
  including the managers. They finally gave in
  and let Christine play the lead in another opera.
• 然而,歌劇演出的當晚,怪事發生了。一開始,歌
  劇中最棒的歌者之一在表演時突然失去了聲音。然
  後,一個男人在旁邊沒人時被殺掉了。在歌劇結束
  之前,巨大的吊燈突然從天花板上掉了下來。歌劇
  院中的每一個人都嚇壞了,包括了經理們。他們終
  於屈服,讓克莉絲汀在另一齣歌劇中擔任主角。
    6 S + V, including + N....             ,包括…
•   S + V, including + N.... = S + V, N + included=S+V, inclusive
   of + N.
• 1. (包括他奶奶在內,他家共有五個人。)
• There are five people in his family, including his
   grandmother.
There are five people in his family, his grandmother included.
There are five people in his family, inclusive of his
   grandmother
Fifty people were killed in the air crash , seven children
   included.        (包括七個小孩,共有五十個人死於那場空難。)
• 1. 歌劇院中的每一個人都嚇壞了,包括了經理們。
• Everyone in the Opera House was horrified, _______ the
   managers.                                       including
• 2. 包括老師在內,教室裡坐著三十八個人。
                                                 including
• In the classroom sat thirty-eight people, __________ the
   teacher.
• 3. 這個套裝旅行的價格為一萬元,含稅。
• The price of this package tour is ten thousand dollars, tax
         S + let/make/have + O + V
**使役動詞(let、make、have)後的受詞如為「主動發出動作者」,則其
     不定詞片語必須省略to,接原形動詞。get亦為使役動詞,但其後不
     可省略to。
1. My boss let me take a vacation last month.
         (老闆上個月讓我休假。)
  The bad news made everyone cry. (這壞消息讓每個人都哭了。)
•    3. Mr. Bull had me go to the party with him.
•     (Bull先生要我和他一起去宴會。)
•    ______ 1. They finally gave in and let Christine __________ the
         A
     lead in another opera.
•    (A) play     (B) to play    (C) played     (D) playing
•    ______ 2. I drank too much coffee, and it made me __________
         C
     awake the whole night.
•    (A) staying (B) to stay       (C) stay      (D) stayed
•      B
     ______ 3. I got the waiter __________ me a glass of water.
•    (A) give     (B) to give    (C) giving    (D) gave
• The Phantom was in love with Christine, but
  she was already in love with Raoul, an attractive
  young man. During Christine’s performance in
  the opera, the Phantom suddenly took her away
  from the stage so that he could have her all to
  himself.
• 魅影愛上了克莉絲汀,但她卻已經愛上了一個吸引
  人的年輕人羅伍。在克莉絲汀於一齣歌劇中演出時,
  魅影突然將她從舞臺上帶走,好讓自己能完全地佔
  有她。
8. S1 + V1 + so that/in order that + S2 + Aux
  + V2...= so as to ( in order to ) +V 為了…
• 1. Bruce studies hard so that/in order that he can get
  good grades.       (Bruce用功念書是為了得到好成績。)
• 2. Don took a bus instead of a taxi so that/in order that he
  could save some money.
• Don took a bus instead of a taxi so as to/in order to save
  some money. (Don不搭計程車而搭巴士是為了省錢。)
• ______ 1. The Phantom suddenly took her away from the
     C
  stage __________ he could have her all for himself.
• (A) if   (B) once   (C) so that    (D) as soon as
• ______ 2. Bob made a chocolate cake __________
     A
  celebrate Mother's Day.
• (A) in order to           (B) in order that
• (C) so that             (D) instead of
• As Christine struggled to escape from
  the Phantom, she pulled off his mask
  and his face was finally seen in public.
  The Phantom’s eyes were yellow, and
  his nose was missing. It did not look
  like an angel’s face at all!
• 當克莉絲汀掙扎著要脫離魅影時,她扯掉
  了他的面具,而魅影的臉也終於被當眾看
  見了。魅影的眼睛是黃色的,而且沒有鼻
  子。看起來一點都不像一張天使的臉!
          S + sense verb
(taste/smell/feel/look/sound) + like + N
** 此為感官動詞+ like + N的用法,表示「像…」。
• 1. This cake feels like a stone and tastes like
   soap.
• (這塊蛋糕摸起來像塊石頭,嚐起來像肥皂一樣。)
• 2. The man looks like an astrologer, and what he
   says sounds like a dream.
(這個男人看起來像個占星師,他所說的話聽起來像夢) 1.
   他的臉看起來一點都不像一張天使的臉!
• His face did not __________ __________ an
                         look      like
   angel's face at all!
• 2. 這朵花聞起來像玫瑰。
• This flower __________ __________ a rose.
                       smells like
• Raoul quickly followed the Phantom to save
  Christine. Unfortunately, the Phantom
  captured Raoul and tried to kill him.
  Christine then begged for Raoul’s life. She
  told the Phantom that she was horrified not
  by his face but by his evil heart. However,
  the loneliness in his eyes made her feel sad
  for him.
• 羅伍迅速地跟蹤魅影想要救出克莉絲汀。不幸地,
  魅影擄獲了羅伍並想殺害他。克莉絲汀向魅影乞
  求保住羅伍的性命。她告訴魅影她不是被他的臉
  而是被他邪惡的心嚇壞了。然而,他眼中的孤獨
  使她為他感到難過。
 11. Unfortunately, S + V…不幸地…
• 說 明 可改為It is/was unfortunate that + S + V....。
  可置於句首修飾整句的副詞都可改成此一句型,例
  如:fortunately、luckily、clearly、sadly等。
• 1. Fortunately, Johnny passed the exam.
• It was fortunate that Johnny passed the exam.
• (很幸運地,Johnny考試及格了。)
• 2. Clearly, you had nothing to do with this
  accident.
• It was clear that you had nothing to do with this
  accident.
• (很顯然地,你和這場意外沒有任何關係。)
• 1. 不幸地,魅影擄獲了Raoul並想殺害他。
   Unfortunately
• __________, the Phantom captured Raoul
  and tried to kill him.
• 2. 幸運地是,Jack娶到一個好太太。
• __________, Jack married a good wife.
  FortunatelyLuckily
• → It was __________ that Jack married a
                 fortunate/lucky
  good wife.
• 3. Samuel顯然不瞭解我的意思。
• __________, Samuel didn't understand what
       Clearly
  I meant.
• → It was __________ that Samuel didn't
                    clear
  understand what I meant.
   12. not...but... …不是…而是…
• 說 明 but連接前後詞性對等的字、片語或子句。
  not和but後面接的如果是子句,通常會在but前加上
  逗點,以免句子過於冗長。
• 1. It is not my car but my father's.
• (這不是我的車,而是我父親的。)
• 2. Walter did not come here by taxi but on foot.
• (Walter不是搭計程車而是走路來這裡的。)
• 3. Sally ate less not because she wasn't hungry,
  but because she wanted to lose weight. (Sally
  吃得較少不是因為她不餓,而是因為她想減肥。)
• 1. 她不是被他的臉而是被他邪惡的心嚇壞了。
• She was horrified __________ by his face
  __________ by his evil heart.
• not but
• 2. Lauren所要的不是名而是利。
• What Lauren wants is __________ fame
  __________ wealth.
• not but
• 3. Stella沒來上學不是因為下大雪,而是因為她生病了
• Stella didn't go to school __________ __________
  it snowed heavily, ________ __________ she was
  sick.
• not because
• but because
• To the Phantom’s surprise, Christine
  kissed his face. Tears of joy rolled
  down the Phantom’s cheeks, and his
  loneliness over the years was all
  washed away. In the end, the Phantom
  let Raoul and Christine go before he
  disappeared. His magical voice was
  never heard in the Opera House again.
• 令魅影驚訝的是,克莉絲汀親吻了他的臉。
  喜悅的眼淚從魅影的臉頰上滑落,(被)沖走
  了他多年來所有的孤寂。最後,在魅影消
  失前,他釋放了羅伍和克莉絲汀。他神妙
  的聲音從此不曾出現在歌劇院中。
• 1. 樹下坐著幾個銀髮老太太。
  _____ the tree ____ several old ladies ____ silver hair.
• 1. Under; sat; with
• 2. Henry有顆善良的心,所以他總是樂於助人。
•    Henry is a man __________ a kind heart, __________ he
   is always happy to help others.
•     2. with; so
• 3. 既然你失業了,何不到我的公司擔任我的秘書?
•    __________ you are out of work, why not work as my
   secretary in my company?
•     3. Since
• 4. 既然你有問題,你最好去請教你的老師。
  ___ you have questions, you'd better ask them ___ your
   teacher.
•     4. Since; of
5. Tony對所有關心他的人說謊,包括他的父母在內。
  Tony told a lie ______ all people who cared about him,
   ________ his parents.
•     5. to; including
• 6. Leo讓他爸爸答應給他一輛玩具車。
•    Leo made his father ________ a toy car ______ him.
•     6. promise; to
• 7. 我來這裡不是為了要賺錢,而是為了要念書。
  I came here _____ _______ make money, ___ _____ study.
   7. not; to; but; to
•     8. Bruce努力工作是為了盡可能地多賺些錢。
•    Bruce worked hard ____ ________ he __________ earn as
   much money as possible.
• 8. so; that; could/might
• 9. 我們上學是為了學習有用的東西。
We go to school ____ ____ ____ learn something useful.
•     9. in; order; to/so; as; to
• 10. 這咖啡嚐起來像藥。
•     The coffee __________ __________ medicine.
•     10. tastes; like
• 11. 這個瘋子看起來像個鬼。
•    The mad man ________ __________ a ghost.
• 11. looks; like
• 12. 這個名作家一點都不驕傲。
 The famous writer is _______ proud ______ ______.
•   12. not; at; all
• 13. 自私的人絕對不會想到要幫助別人。 Selfish people will
  _____ think of helping others _____ ____.
•   13. not; at; all
•   14. 我們一點也不想和他們去郊遊。 We didn't feel like going
  on a picnic with them ______ ________.
• 14. at; all
• 15. 很不幸地,他母親昨天過世了。
•    ________, his mother passed away yesterday.
•   15. Unfortunately
• 16. 遺憾的是這位詩人英年早逝。
•    __________, the poet died young.
• 16. Sadly
•   17. Hulk很明顯地還沒準備好。
•    __________ is clear ________ Hulk is not well prepared.
• 17. It; that
•   18. Elle沒有趕上火車不是因為起得太晚而是因為塞車。
•    Elle didn't catch the train ______ __________ she got up
  too late __________ __________ there was a traffic jam.
• 18. not; because; but; because
•   19. 他們不是用英文交談,而是用法文,所以我保持沉默。
They talked ___ in English, ____ in French, ____ I kept silent.
• 19. not; but; so
20. 既然你說你是個有著極大勇氣的士兵,怎麼不勇敢戰敵?
•    __________ you say you are a soldier __________ great
  courage, why not fight the enemies bravely?
•   20. Since; with

				
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