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Trends In Adolescent Risk Taking Behaviors Shannon Bailey Dakota County Public Health Adolescent Health Coordinator Phone: 651-554-6164 email@example.com 1 Adolescent Morbidity and Mortality 2 Adolescent Health Compromising Factors •An immature brain •A thrill seeking brain •Hormones •Lack of life experiences 3 2010 Dakota County MN Student Survey • Surveys 6th, 9th and 12th grade MN students in public schools every three years • Survey data is analyzed by the MN Dept. of Education and sent to the school superintendents • Significance: 3% change 4 Substance Abuse •56% of males and 58% of females reported student use of alcohol or drugs is a problem at their school •69% of 9th graders reported no use of alcohol or drugs in the past year, a 5% increase from 2007 •Among 9th graders only 14% of males and 9% of females reported using tobacco in the past 30 days; however among 12th graders 44% of males and 22% of females reported using tobacco 5 Marijuana Use 9th Grade 12th Grade 10% Males 30% Males 8% Females 17% Females • 9th grade use was unchanged from 2007 •12th grade male use increased by 6% •12th grade female use was unchanged from 2007 6 Health Mental Feel stress or pressure quite a bit or almost more than they can take 9th Grade 12th Grade 24% Males 37% Males 38% Females 51% Females 7 Health Mental Feel so discouraged or hopeless that you wondered if anything was worthwhile 9th Grade 12th Grade 11% Males 11% Males 16% Females 11% Females 8 Suicide (Thoughts & Attempts) Thoughts of suicide 9th Graders 19% Males 30% Females Suicide attempts 9th Graders 5% Males 8% Females 9 Self Injury 6th Graders 23% Males 10% Females 9th Graders 12% Males 25% Females 12th Graders 12% Males 23% Females 10 Seat Belt Usage • Wearing seat belts while riding in a car increased in all grades for all students • This behavior prevents the leading cause of adolescent fatalities • Always wear a seat belt while riding in a car 9th Grade 12th Grade 69% Males 70% Males 73% Females 79% Females 11 Sexual Activity Ever had sexual intercourse 9th Grade 12th Grade 20% Males 55% Males 15% Females 49% Females 12 Sexual Activity Always use a condom 9th Grade 12th Grade 59% Males 51% Males 51% Females 48% Females 13 Dakota County Births to Minors • 74 births to minors, 4% increase from 2008 • Youngest - 15-years-old (4) • 32% of the fathers were 17-years-old or younger • A sexually active teen who doesn’t use contraception has a 90% chance of getting pregnant within one year 14 Dakota County STDs • 990 cases of STDs were reported among Dakota County residents in 2009 • Chlamydia – 883 cases, 146% increase from 2000-2009, 67% among 14-24 year- olds • Gonorrhea – 91 cases, 67% increase among 14-24 year-olds 15 Violence in School • Bullying experiences peak in 6th grade • Among 6th graders, 57% of males and 38% of females report they had been pushed, shoved, or grabbed at school • Gang activity is a problem in their school 20% Males 15% Females (9th graders) 16 Video Games, Texting, On-line Played video games 6 hours+/week 43% Males 5% Females Texting/Phone 6 hours+/week 38% Males 59% Females On-line 6 hours+/week 22% Males 36% Females 9th Graders 17 What Does This All Mean? •More Dakota County youth are engaging in pro-social behaviors •Risk taking significantly increases between 9th and 12th graders •Decreases in percentages of use does not necessarily mean the level of use is acceptable 18 Connectedness The super protector! 19 Parents Can talk to dad about problems Male 71% Female 60% Can talk to mom about problems Male 80% Female 90% Parents talked to me about alcohol and drugs Male 50% Female 56% 20 Parents: You’re Not Alone! • Get to know other parents • Connect with your school prevention coordinators, nurse, guidance counselors • Talk with your family physician 21 Your Influence Matters! • Everyone makes decisions, not always good ones. No mater your age. • Provide all of the information they need to make good decisions. • Be there to help them work through the pros and cons of their decisions. • Give them safe and positive ways to practice and experience decision making. 22 Dakota County Curfew Under 12 Sunday – Thursday 9:00 p.m. - 5:00 a.m. Friday & Saturday 10:00 p.m. - 5:00 a.m. Age 12-14 years Sunday – Thursday 10:00 p.m. - 5:00 a.m. Friday & Saturday 11:00 p.m. - 5:00 a.m. Age 15-17 years Sunday – Thursday 11:00 p.m. - 5:00 a.m. Friday & Saturday Midnight - 5:00 a.m. 23 Have you clearly stated your expectations? Or have you implied them? If you want to know for sure, ask them. 24 Dakota County Crisis Response Unit •Phone: 952-891-7171 24/7 •Available to come to schools or to homes •Available for consultation & intervention 25 Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey http://education.state.mn.us Search: MN Student Survey 26
"Trends In Adolescent Risk Taking Behaviors.ppt"