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									AN INSTITUTIONAL APPROACH TO RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT:

   CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN THE U.S. AND SOUTH KOREA



                        Prepared for
2003 AWRA International Water Congress Watershed Management
                  for Water Supply Systems


         Young-Doo Wang, William James Smith, Jr.,
       Michael Scozzafava, Sara Wozniak, Joon-Hee Lee,
                 Kyoo-Yong Lee, John Byrne

            Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                        University of Delaware
       Conflict is Inherent in
      River Basin Management

• Diverse “Stakes” are Held
• Multi-Purpose Resources are Shared
• Political Leaders -- Forces both within and
  beyond the Basin
• Heterogeneous Visions of the Past, Present
  and Future Collide

        Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                    University of Delaware
Conflict Resolution is a Core Element


   Institutionalized Method of Mitigating
              Conflicts through
 Transparent, Democratic and Participatory
   “Social Transactions” or “Trade-Offs.”


       Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                   University of Delaware
   Enhanced Sustainability through
        Conflict Resolution

          A Measure of the Potential to
 Enhance Current and Future Water Quality &
 Quantity (W) in a Given River Basin through
Balanced Consideration of Socio-Political Equity
   (E), Ecological Viability (E) and Economic
          Development (E), or “WE3”

         Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                     University of Delaware
An Alternative Approach: Harmonizing WE3

                 Economic
                Development




                  Conflict
                 Resolution




  Ecological    Sustainable    Sociopolitica
  Viability       Water        l
                                  Equity
U.S. and South Korean River Basin
            Conflicts

      • The Delaware River Basin
      • Susquehanna River Basin
         • Nakdong River Basin
            • Han River Basin


     Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                 University of Delaware
   The Susquehanna
     River Basin
• 27,410 sq. miles: PA, NY,
MD
• Susquehanna River Basin
Compact: December 1970

• Point of contention:
Baltimore withdrawals from
Conowingo Pool

• 1993 City Announces
Intentions
                        Conflicts
• 1994: SRBC Notifies Baltimore
• City Cites MD Reservation In Disagreement

• April 1998: Public Hearing in York, PA
• United States District Court, MD Case: 1998 -2000

• Baltimore Appeals to U.S. Court of Appeals, 4th Circuit
• August 9, 2001: SRBC Commissioners Approve
Settlement Agreement

            Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                        University of Delaware
                      Outcomes

• Baltimore increases withdrawals to 250mgd


• SRBC Drought Emergency Powers


• City System Water Conservation Measures


• SRBC Legally Affirms Authority


           Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                       University of Delaware
         Sustainability Implications
• Balanced Supply and Demand-Side Considerations


• Public Participation in Resolution Process

• SRBC Low-Flow Regulatory Powers

• Baltimore Enters in Agreement with Harford
County, MD.

            Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                        University of Delaware
The Nakdong River Basin




     Daegu



         Busan



  The Nakdong
  River Basin
         The Nakdong River Basin

• Point of contention: Development vs. water quality
  (Wichon industrial complex)

• Upstream: Deregulation, construction of industrial
  complex

• Downstream: Opposition to industrial complex,
  stricter regulation

           Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                       University of Delaware
                        Conflicts

• MOE held over 100 meetings, hearings, and seminars

• A comprehensive plan was finalized in December 1999

• The legalization of the plan was not easy

• The bill was passed and put in effect in January 2002.


            Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                        University of Delaware
                      Outcomes
• Total Load Management System
• Riparian buffer zones
• Water Use Charge

           Sustainability Implication
• Harmonious realization of WE3 goals
• Government Efforts to reach agreement through
continuous dialouges

           Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                       University of Delaware
           Sustainability Implication

• Harmonious realization of WE3 goals
• Government Efforts to reach agreement through
continuous dialouges




           Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                       University of Delaware
                    Comparison
                         The U.S.
• Regional governance backed by law and resources
• Heavy reliance on the court system
• Powerful NGOs and community groups

                      South Korea
• The central government’s role
• Less use of the courts as a tool
• Reliance upon compensation schemes to build consensus
            Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                        University of Delaware
                  Lessons Learned

• Community-based transactions are vital

• Conflict resolution mechanisms should be
  institutionalized in the planning stage of project

• The balanced consideration of both supply- and demand-
  side options is important

• Equity-driven programs are critical


             Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                         University of Delaware
                    Conclusion

• Community-based transactions are vital


• Necessary to balance all aspects of WE3

• Through these transactions the goal of sustainable
river basin management can be secured.




           Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                       University of Delaware
                THANK YOU



TO ACQUIRE THE FULL PAPER OR QUESTIONS

               youngdoo@udel.edu




       Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
                   University of Delaware

								
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